Western Pennsylvania Family History Research

Explanation of 1870 census columns

  1. Dwelling houses numbered in order of visitation.
  2. Families numbered in order of visitation.
  3. The Name of every person whose place of abode on the first day of June, 1870, was in this family.
  4. Age at last birthday. If under 1 year, give months in fractions, thus: 3/12.
  5. Sex--Males (M.) Females (F.)
  6. Color--White (W.), Black (B.), Mulatto (M.), Chinese (C.), Indian (I.)
  7. Profession, Occupation, or Trade of each person, male or female.
  8. Value of Real Estate.
  9. Value of Personal Estate.
  10. Place of Birth, naming State or Territory of U. S., or the Country, if of foreign birth.
  11. Father of foreign birth.
  12. Mother of foreign birth.
  13. If born within the year, state month (Jan., Feb., etc.)
  14. Attended school within the year.
  15. Cannot read.
  16. Cannot write.
  17. Whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane, or idiotic.
  18. Male citizens of U.S. of 21 years of age and up.
  19. Male citizens of U.S. of 21 years of and and upwards, whose right to vote is denied or abridged on other grounds than rebellion or other crime.