"Live Free and Starve"

Some of the consumer goods sold in the United States--shoes, clothing, toys, rugs and many things--are made in countries in which labor practices do not meet U.S. standards for safety and fairness.

Children are often forced to work long hours, for nearly slave wages, and are often beaten or mistreated. In many countries they live apart from their families and do not go to school.

Shouldn't the United States use its power to stop these practices?

¶1--Is this what Divakaruni thinks would happen if laws like this were passed? Or is she countering this viewpoint?

¶3--Does Divakaruni agree partially with these opposing voices? Why does she mention it here?

¶4--Here is where she questions the effect of this legislation. What does she base her argument on?

¶5--What is she criticizing in this paragraph? Is she right?
Where are we on Maslow's pyramidal hierarchy of needs? In this case, why is it so hard to see that some people might prefer bread to freedom?

¶6--What writing method(s) does Divakaruni use here, and why? What is this an example of? What conclusion are we to reach from this example?
According to the author, what is some of the CAUSES of child labor?

¶7--What are some of the EFFECTS of not being to employ children?

¶8--What point does she make by her statement? Is her example a good one that supports her thesis?
What is exactly the fault of Americans here?
Why did we abolish child labor in the USA? Or did we?


Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs--

Most psychologists studied people with problems, but Maslow studied successful people. He concluded that everybody wants to be happy and loving, but they have particular needs that must be met before they can act unselfishly.

Maslow argued that most people want more than they have. Once a person has met his needs on a lower level, he can develop higher needs. Maslow created a hierarchy to indicate which needs needed to be met first.

  1. Physiological needs: biological necessities such as food, water and oxygen. These needs are the strongest, since a person would die if they were not met.
  2. Safety needs: People need to feel safe before they can develop the higher needs. This need especially affects children who don't feel safe.
  3. Love and Belonging needs: The need to feel valuable, to have self-respect and the respect of others. If a person does not fulfill these needs, she feels inferior, weak, helpless and worthless.
  4. Esteem needs: The need to feel valuable, to have self-respect and the respect of others. If these needs are not met, a person feels inferior, weak, helpless and worthless.
  5. Self-actualization needs: A very small group of people reach a level called self-actualization, where all their needs are met. This stage Maslow referred to as people finding their callings.

Self actualization is not fame or fortune. Wealthy or famous people are not necessarily self-actualized.