- The mountain area of Luzon island in Philippines
- Cordillera is the ancestral
domain of the Igorots
('people from the mountains') and it is divided into five
provinces and seven ethno linguistic groups.
- Language: Every group has its own language, but they
also share a common Ilocano language.
- Religion: Christianity, traditional beliefs
theories have been postulated to account for the origin of the
people inhabiting the mountain regions of the Philippines. The Land
Bridge Theory claims that the Philippines was part of the Southern
Asia Mainland and the Northern Luzon maintain tribes that came
through these bridges during the last glacial period between 1200
and 1500 B.C.
to these assumptions is the Wave Migration theory which occurred
thousands of years after the disappearance of the land bridges in
3,000-4,000 B.C. The theory states that groups of migrants came by
boat from the neighboring lands during the Neolithic period. The
Neolithic culture which they brought with them is still evident in
the rice terraces, cloth weaving and the use of iron implements.
differ in their contentions of the mountain people's ancestors,
however, a prominent number supports the contention that the
ancestors of the mountain people came from the South East Asia
process of settling down, the early inhabitants became
geographically isolated from one another. The long period of
isolation and adaptation to the environment gave rise to variations
Spaniards came to the Philippines, they were able to set foot in the
Cordillera as early as 1608 but with minimal influence. They were
able to establish commadancias in Benguet, Ifugao and Kalinga-Apayao
but their stay did not last long enough to pacify the people of the
hinterlands when the Americans came.
American Regime dawned upon the Cordillera wild lands, the new
colonial government found the people still not pacified. The
government decided to establish a separate political history for
them under Act. No. 1876 of the Philippine Commission, the Mountain
Province was divided into seven (7) sub-provinces namely: Amburayan,
Apayao, Benguet, Bontoc, Ifugao Kalinga and Lepanto. Eight years
later, and under Act No. 2772 promulgated on February 4, 1920,
Mountain Province was reconstituted into five provinces-Benguet,
Ifugao, Bontoc, and Kalinga-Apayao.
establishment of the Cordillera Administrative Region has been
preceded by the movement for local autonomy and administrative
decentralization before the authoritarian rule. On September 3,
1986, President Corazon Aquino met with the representatives of the
Cordillera Bodong Administration (CBA) and the Cordillera People's
Liberation Army (CPLA) and the Alasiw (cessation of hostilities) to
acknowledge their aspiration for autonomy.
pending the enactment of the organic act for the Cordillera
Administrative Region, the President issued Executive Order No. 220
on July 15, 1987 creating the Cordillera Administrative Region
consisting of the provinces of Abra, Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga-Apayao,
Mountain Province and the chartered City of Baguio.
The region serves as the
gateway to the breathtaking wonders of Nothern Luzon. These
include the world famous Banaue Rice Terraces in the province of
Ifugao which is considered as the "Eight Wonder of the World".
Natural attractions of the region include the magnificent
Sumaguing Cave in Sagada and the mummy caves of Benguet and
Mt. Province. There are also 4 National Parks in CAR namely,
Cassamata Hill National Park, Mt. Pulag National Park, the second
highest mountain in the Philippines with an elevation of 2,922
meters above sea level. The Mt. Data National Park which
possesses a natural scenery of pine forest ecosystem and deep
ravines and the Balbalasang-Balbalan National Park.