Solsona Town, Ilocos Norte Province, Region 1, Luzon Islands, Philippines
the sunny gateway to the fertile plateaus of the province of Kalinga-Apayao, is
located at the easternmost part of the province. It is a triangular-shaped
town of approximately 140 square kilometers and more than 30 kilometers east of
Laoag City. It is a small but peaceful community endowed with beauty and natural
resources. It is bordered by the Cordillera mountain ranges on the east, Dingras
on the west, Piddig and Carasi' on the north and northwest, and longitudinal
Nueva Era on the southeast.
Area and Topography
town occupies a land area of 14,500 hectares One-fourth of the territory nestles
on the foothills of the Cordillera. The southern sector is traversed by the
Gasgas and Madangan Rivers that easily overflow during rainy days. Farm lands
are spread throughout the town and are watered by streams that swell during the
town experiences two clearly different seasons - the wet season which starts
from May and lasts up to October and the dry season which occurs from November
to April. The coldest days occur in December to February, while the hottest
days are in April.
the early part of the 18th century, settlers from Laoag immigrated to the plains
of Solsona which were then occupied by the illiterate tribes called Itnegs.
However, these settlers did not live permanently in the place. They only built
temporary houses where they would stay during harvest seasons.
people who migrated from Laoag, San Nicolas, and Batac inhabit the different
barangays of Solsona
1788, Solsona was organized with Nicolas Joban as cabeza de barungay. The
first seat of government was in Santiago, the most populous and progressive
barangay of the town. However, in 1855 a great flood occurred and washed away
the town, causing a lot of damages. The ruins of the church in Santiago which
was damaged by the flood are still seen today.
the great flood in 1855, the people no longer build their houses in Santiago.
Instead, they moved to Rancheria Cabanuagan, where the town proper is
situated now. In that same year, the town was organized with Ignacio Guillermo
as the cabeza de barungay.
1904, another flood swept the town, destroying the central part of the poblacion
and the two big barangays, Bago-bago arid Bagbag. Many damages were
incurred. Animals were drowned, houses were destroyed and big trees fell.
the same year, Solsona was annexed to Dingras. However, its annexation did not
last long because in 1910 Solsona became again an independent municipality
through the efforts of some leaders of the town.
of Its Name
town was first named Kaitnegan, because the first settlers were Itnegs.
In the middle of the 19th century, the place was given another name, Sonsona (place
of pushing), because the Itnegs were forcibly pushed back to the mountains.
a team of surveyors arrived in the place to look for a more suitable town site,
they asked the name of the place and received the answer, "Solsona,"
because that was how the word sounded to them. They thought that the name was
appropriate, because the place seemed to be where the sun rises. Thus, the term Sonsona
was corrupted and hispanized into Solsona which sounded better and was more
is another theory regarding the naming of the town. Instead of adapting the name
rancheria, the Spaniards named it Nueva Solsona after the name of a town
somewhere in the northern part of Spain. Nueva is a Spanish term for new
and usually the word “new" is prefixed to the name of the place founded
to distinguish it from the old one.
the seat of government was transferred from Santiago to its present location, a
temporary church was built. The parish priest did not reside there permanently.
However, he visited the place during weekends.
new church was built recently and the funds came from Nueva Segovia.
About 40 percent of the population are followers of the Roman Catholic
1902, the Aglipayan Church was established through the efforts of Rev. Clemente
Edralin, with the help of some followers. A church was built and about 59
percent of the population now are followers of the Aglipayan religion.
third religious group organized in Solsona is the United Church of Christ in the
Philippines. Recently, various 9mall religious denominations, such as the
Iglesia ni Cristo and the Pentecostal Church, were founded in some parts of
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