Video Editing
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Video Capturing & Editing and Backup Guidelines

I am well aware that Most People (including my self) do not use Tapes anymore but I will leave this here a few more Years for those that do.

  1. Connect Analog VHS device (Camera or VCR) to Digital Camera and copy to Digital Tape (MiniDV or Digital 8) and label "unedited version".  Time required is hour for hour of tape length.

  2. View digital tape, writing down each scene start and stop point (cut in & cut out). Time required is about 1.5 times tape length.

  3. Make sure hard drive has been defragged recently. Connect Digital Camera to IEEE 1394 (Firewire port) and capture scenes as noted above to AVI format.  Keep capture scenes to around 3 minutes in length if you plan on saving individual clips in AVI format to a CD later or to about 30 minutes if copying to a DVD later. Time required is about 1.50 times tape length.

  4. Edit individual clips as required and add text titles to clips etc. if desired.

  5. Rearrange clips as desired and put slide title (jpg or tiff) at locations if desired and add scene transition if desired.

  6. Produce or render the storyline to DV format so it can be sent back to tape for Edited version of tape to keep. Time required is about hour for hour.

  7. Make sure Anti-Virus or other resident programs are turn off.  Set up DVD title or menu  pages and links to other menu pages and render to DVD format and store on Hard drive, then render again from hard drive  to DVD-R.  Time is about hour for hour.

Sample file sizes:

DV format at 720x480 size  is about 206MB per minute, therefore about 3 minutes per CD.  Quality is excellent and can be transfer back to DV Tape in camera or VHS tape.

MPEG2 format at 720x480 size is about 76MB per minute, therefore about 8 minutes per CD.  Quality is good enough to produce DVD quality.

MPEG1 format at 320X240 size is about 0.78MB per minute.  Quality is good enough to produce Video CD or viewing on screen only.


In Others Words: To capture a VHS (2 Hour Tape) requires about 20 Gigs and to make DVD requires approx. 8 Gigs or total 28 Gigs Required..  Specifications say, you should get a 2 Hour VHS tape on a DVD, But I have had to use two DVD's for each VHS Tape.

My Backup Procedure:

I probably over do my back-up of video, but the way I feel is it is better to be safe than sorry since most video canít be replaced.  First I capture the video to my C drive directory. Then I render the video to a directory on the D  Drive. I copy the rendered files on the D drive to a like directory on the C drive in case one drive fails prior to burning a DVD. At this time, I deleted the original captured video. When I have enough video to fill up a DVD, I copy the DV files from the C drive directory to a DVD backup and then I remove the files from the C drive.  When I have about an hour of movie on the directory on the D drive, I burn a DVD movie and then transfer the video back to a DV tape for keeping. So my archive is a DVD, a DV tape, and a DVD movie. At this time I remove all files and start over with new directories. Of course I make an index for each.   Good Luck

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