Ancestral Report for Hubert Harvey Martin


Pedigree

                          /Thomas Martin b: 1742 d: 1833
                  /Samuel Martin b: 1787 d: 1851
                  |       |       /Andrew Cook d: ABT 1778
                  |       \Elizabeth Cook b: 1742 d: 1827
                  |               \Mary Dinwiddie Means
          /John Wellington Martin b: 7 JUL 1817 d: 13 JAN 1892
          |       |                                               /Richard Cardwell b: ABT 1620 d: 16 MAR 1672
          |       |                                       /Isaac Cardwell b: 20 FEB 1652 d: 19 MAY 1733
          |       |                                       |       \Dorothy Burdett b: ABT 1625 d: 4 APR 1662
          |       |                               /John Cardwell b: 8 MAR 1685 d: 1 APR 1757
          |       |                               |       \Margaret Hall b: ABT 1652 d: 27 NOV 1733
          |       |                       /John Cardwell b: 2 JUL 1709 d: 21 SEP 1776
          |       |               /William Cardwell b: 5 JUN 1737 d: 22 JUN 1773
          |       |               |       \Martha Wainwright b: 25 MAY 1706
          |       |       /Robert Allen (Robin) Cardwell b: 1762 d: 14 FEB 1839
          |       |       |       \Mary of Hostingly b: ABT 1740 d: 9 MAR 1806
          |       \Sarah (Sallie) Dixon Cardwell b: 1783 d: 1872
          |               \Alice Rucker b: ABT 1760 d: BEF JAN 1839
  /Samuel Richardson Martin b: 15 SEP 1849 d: 13 DEC 1935
  |       |               /William Neighbors b: ABT 1771 d: BET 1810 AND 1820
  |       |       /Robert Richardson Neighbors b: ABT 1795 d: BET 1830 AND 1840
  |       |       |       \Anne Rowe b: ABT 1770 d: AFT 1840
  |       \Amanda Harriet Neighbors b: 1824 d: 1857
  |               |       /Samuel Caldwell b: ABT 1765 d: AFT 1795
  |               \Jane Caldwell b: BET 1795 AND 1800 d: BET 1860 AND 1870
  |                       |               /John Fields b: ABT 1716 d: 1778
  |                       |       /Andrew Fields b: ABT 1750 d: 11 MAY 1779
  |                       |       |       \Sarah Milbert b: ABT 1720
  |                       \Mary Fields b: ABT 1768 d: AFT 1795
  |                               |               /John Galbraith b: 1694
  |                               |       /Alexander Galbraith b: BEF 1720 d: 1792
  |                               |       |       \Margaret b: BET 1698 AND 1700
  |                               \Margaret Galbreath b: 1754 d: 1835
  |                                       |               /Alexander Immigrant Miller b: ABT 1650 d: AFT 1687
  |                                       |       /Thomas Miller b: ABT 1687 d: 27 OCT 1755
  |                                       |       |       \Unknown Ketchledge b: ABT 1652 d: AFT 1687
  |                                       \Agnes Nancy Miller b: 1726 d: ABT 1786
  |                                               \Elizabeth Isabel Thompson b: BET 1687 AND 1711 d: 1799
Hubert Harvey Martin b: 26 JAN 1884 d: 19 JUL 1965
  |                                          / Walton 
  |                                  /Edward Walton Jr. b: 1682 d: 27 APR 1720
  |                          /Thomas Walton Sr. b: ABT 20 FEB 1703 d: 27 APR 1772
  |                          |       \Elizabeth d: 5 APR 1717
  |                  /Thomas Walton Jr. b: ABT 1742 d: 21 NOV 1815
  |                  |       |               /Bartholomew Cox
  |                  |       |       /George Cox
  |                  |       |       |       \Rebecca
  |                  |       \Martha Cox b: 1720 d: 1798
  |                  |               \Martha
  |          /William Walton b: 18 SEP 1782 d: 18 DEC 1851
  |          |       |               /John Armistead b: 1718 d: 1769
  |          |       |       /William Armistead b: ABT 1741 d: ABT 1823
  |          |       |       |       |       /William Harrison
  |          |       |       |       \Hannah Harrison
  |          |       |       |               \Elizabeth
  |          |       \Nancy (Nannie) Armistead b: ABT 1748 d: 22 NOV 1810
  |          |               \Frances Anderson b: 1744 d: 1832
  |  /James Chick Walton b: 23 AUG 1819 d: 10 MAY 1886
  |  |       |       /William Chick
  |  |       \Elizabeth White Chick b: 30 SEP 1790 d: 5 JUN 1844
  |  |               \Elizabeth
  \Emma Louis Walton b: 19 APR 1860 d: 10 JUL 1946
     |        /James Greenlee b: 1707 d: 1757
     |     /John Greenlee b: 4 OCT 1738 d: 1798
     |     |  |                                       /King Fergus de Galloway, 1st Lord of Galloway b: 1096 d: 1161
     |     |  |                                     /Uchtred de Galloway, 2nd Lord of Galloway b: ABT 1124 d: 22 SEP 1174
     |     |  |                                     | \Elizabeth Beauclerc, Princess of England b: 1095 d: BEF 12 MAY 1161
     |     |  |                                   /Dowal de Galloway d: 1185
     |     |  |                                   | \Gunnild de Dunbar b: ABT 1134
     |     |  |                                 /Dougal Mac Dowal b: BEF 1185
     |     |  |                               /Donald Macdowall b: ABT 1210 d: 1238
     |     |  |                             /Dougal Macdowall, 1st of Garochloyne b: BEF 1238
     |     |  |                           /Dougall Macdowall, 2nd of Garochloyne
     |     |  |                         /Sir Fergus Macdowall, 3rd of Garochloyne d: AFT 1414
     |     |  |                       /Thomas Macdowall, 4th of Garochloyne b: ABT 1400 d: 1440
     |     |  |                     /Uchtred Macdowall, 5th of Garthland d: ABT 1470
     |     |  |                     | \ Wallace
     |     |  |                   /Thomas Macdowall, 6th of Garthland d: 1488
     |     |  |                   | \ Vans
     |     |  |                 /Uchtred Macdowall, 7th of Garthland d: 9 SEP 1513
     |     |  |                 | \ Fraser
     |     |  |               /Thomas Macdowall d: 9 SEP 1513
     |     |  |               | \Isobell Gordon
     |     |  |             /Uchtred Macdowall, 8th of Garthland d: ABT 1531
     |     |  |             | \Isobell Stewart
     |     |  |           /John Macdowall, 9th of Garthland d: 10 SEP 1547
     |     |  |           | \Marion Stewart
     |     |  |         /Uchtred Macdowall, 10th of Garthland b: 1546 d: 1593
     |     |  |         | \Margaret Campbell
     |     |  |       /John MacDowell b: BEF 1593 d: AFT 1635
     |     |  |       | \Margaret Kennedy d: BEF 1578
     |     |  |     /Alexander McDowell b: ABT 1595
     |     |  |     | \Mary Wylie
     |     |  |   /Thomas McDowell b: ABT 1635
     |     |  |   | \Margaret Hall
     |     |  | /Ephraim McDowell b: MAR 1673 d: ABT 1780
     |     |  | | \Ann Locke
     |     |  \Mary Elizabeth McDowell b: 17 NOV 1712 d: 1811
     |     |     |  /James Irvine
     |     |     \Margaret Irvine
     |     |        \Margaret Wylie
     |  /David Greenlee b: 12 FEB 1781 d: 14 APR 1850
     |  |  |     /John McClanahan b: 1788
     |  |  |  /Elijah McClanahan b: ABT 1714 d: 2 MAY 1794
     |  |  |  |       \Agnes McChubit b: ABT 1684
     |  |  \Hannah McClanahan b: ABT 1752 d: ABT 1798
     |  |          \Ann Ewing Owens b: ABT 1718 d: MAR 1764
     \Virginia Caroline Greenlee b: 19 JUL 1836 d: 25 JUL 1880
        |                                                               /John Grigsby b: 1505 d: 1550
        |                                                       /Alexander Grigsby b: 1526 d: 1575
        |                                                       |       \Margaret Sharp b: 1505 d: 1563
        |                                               /Isaac Grigsby b: 1553 d: 1607
        |                                               |       \Anna b: 1526 d: 1603
        |                                       /Thomas Grigsby b: 6 DEC 1599 d: 1650
        |                                       |       \Joane Finch b: 1553 d: 1613
        |                               /John Grigsby b: 8 AUG 1624 d: 11 OCT 1730
        |                               |       |               /John Bankes b: ABT 1534 d: 1579
        |                               |       |       /John Bankes b: ABT 1572 d: 22 AUG 1642
        |                               |       |       |       \Margery Masterson b: ABT 1539
        |                               |       \Elizabeth Bankes b: 1607 d: 1675
        |                               |               |       /Alexander Fisher b: BEF 1551
        |                               |               \Mary Fisher b: ABT 1577
        |                               |                       |       /Peter Maplisden
        |                               |                       \Katherine Maplesden b: BEF 1553
        |                       /Charles Grigsby b: 1682 d: 1740
        |                       |       |       /James Rosser b: ABT 1625 d: ABT 1652
        |                       |       \Jane Rosser b: ABT 1640 d: BEF 1709
        |               /John Grigsby b: 17 APR 1720 d: 7 APR 1794
        |               |       \Sarah Wilkerson
        |       /Elisha Grigsby b: 17 MAY 1774 d: 24 MAY 1847
        |       |       |                       /Nicholas Porter b: ABT 1600
        |       |       |               /Nicholas Porter b: ABT 1639
        |       |       |               |       \Collett Lockley
        |       |       |       /Benjamin Porter b: 1679
        |       |       |       |       \Elizabeth Mitchell
        |       |       \Elizabeth Porter b: 27 FEB 1733 d: 7 OCT 1807
        |       |               |       /John Campbell b: 16 NOV 1674
        |       |               \Ann Campbell b: 1704 d: 1742
        |       |                       \Grizzel (Grace) Hay b: ABT 1660
        \Hannah Ingram Grigsby b: 26 JUL 1800 d: 10 NOV 1862
                |                               /Nicholas Porter b: ABT 1600
                |                       /Nicholas Porter b: ABT 1639
                |                       |       \Collett Lockley
                |               /Benjamin Porter b: 1679
                |               |       \Elizabeth Mitchell
                |       /Abner Porter b: 25 JUN 1743 d: 20 APR 1812
                |       |       |       /John Campbell b: 16 NOV 1674
                |       |       \Ann Campbell b: 1704 d: 1742
                |       |               \Grizzel (Grace) Hay b: ABT 1660
                \Elizabeth Hawkins Porter b: 24 SEP 1778 d: 1 SEP 1843
                        |       /John Ingram
                        \Hannah Ingram b: 16 AUG 1750
                                \Elizabeth Hawkins

Generation 1

1.             Martin, Hubert Harvey. Hubert Harvey was born on 1884-01-26. He died on 1965-07-19 in Lynchburg, VA at the age of 81 years. He was buried in Spring Hill cem., Lynchburg, VA. Hubert Harvey was the son of Martin, Samuel Richardson and Walton, Emma Louis. He married Sperry, Hettie Graves in 1906-00-002.

Sperry, Hettie Graves was born on 1875-03-01 in Pleasant Hill, Bedford Co., VA. She died on 1930-04-03 in Lynchburg, VA at the age of 55 years. Hettie Graves was the daughter of Sperry, John Thomas and Rosebrough, Margaret.

Children of Sperry, Hettie Graves and Martin, Hubert Harvey

i. Martin, Samuel Thomas Sr.. He was born on 1913-09-27 in Lynchburg, VA. He died on 1982-01-13 in Lynchburg, VA.

ii. Martin, Mary Virginia. She was born on 1910-12-30 in Lynchburg, VA. She died after 1965-00-00 in White Sulphur Springs, WV.

More about Sperry, Hettie Graves and Martin, Hubert Harvey:

Marriage: 1906-00-002. Marriage of Martin, Hubert Harvey & Sperry, Hettie Graves.

Notes for Martin, Hubert Harvey

HUBERT HARVEY MARTIN born January 26, 1884, died July 15, 1965 [actually July 19 according his tombstone]. Married (1) Hattie Graves Sperry on January 26, 1909 and (2) Sammy Anderson Wright [b. 1885-05-08, d. 1977-06-14] on June 20, 1931. There were no children from his second marriage. They are all buried at Spring Hill Cemetery, Lynchburg, Va.

Children: Mary Virginia Martin born December 30, 1910, married Robert H. Giles. Mary lived in White Sulphur Springs, W. Va. all of her married life. She and Bob are buried in White Sulphur Springs. Their children were: Mary Jane Giles Leith, no children; Robert H. Giles, Jr., unmarried.

Samuel Thomas Martin born September 3, 1913, died January 13, 1982, buried at Spring Hill Cemetery in Lynchburg, Va. His wife is Madaline McCausland. He was a member of First Presbyterian Church and a member of the law firm of Martin, Taylor, Freeman and Perrow. He was educated in the Lynchburg public schools and at Washington & Lee University and Washington & Lee Law School. He was Commissioner of Accounts of the Circuit Court, was on the Board of Directors of Cooperative Building and Loan Association and was a member of the Board of Directors of Spring Hill Cemetery. For almost 25 years, he was Treasurer of First Presbyterian Church, where he also served as a deacon. He served two terms in the General Assembly of Virginia, was past President of Kiwanis Club of Lynchburg, past President of the Lynchburg Bar Association, the Lynchburg Chapter of Washington & Lee Alumni Association, and the Lynchburg Association on Public Solicitation (Laps). He was twice Chairman of the Lynchburg City Democratic Committee and a member of the Family Service Board. He also was a member of the American, Virginia and Lynchburg Bar Associations. Their children are:

Samuel T. Martin, Jr. married Jane R. Martin. Their children are Samuel T. Martin, III , Mary Elizabeth Martin who married Alan Jeffreys Faircloth on June 26, 1983; children C. Megan and Lindsey Faircloth and Christopher R. Martin who married Doris C. Padgett on September 18, 1994.

Stephen Noble Martin married Barbara Jean Clements on December 20, 1969. Their children are David Martin and Alison Martin.

--------------------------------------------

Article from the NEWS, July 20, 1964 Hubert H. Martin

MARTIN'S RETIREMENT

The retirement of Hubert H. Martin, Clerk of Lynchburg Corporation and Circuit Courts, will be a nostalgic occasion for thousands of Lynchburg citizens, as well as many who no longer live here. For 62 years he has been a familiar figure to judges, lawyers, those seeking marriage and other licenses and those engaged in other activities requiring visits to the Clerk's office.

As with many men of long tenure in public offices, he is so intimately associated with the courthouse that it is difficult to think of it without his presence, though his intangible presence will linger there for many a year.

A public servant with his record is a treasure for any city or political subdivision. Many a courthouse gives evidence of this in portraits of such men, but they remain more vitally portrayed in the minds of those who habitually or frequently require their services. When Mr. Martin is no longer there it will mean not seeing his going up or coming down Monument Terrace steps as he has been doing for so long, with few indeed who passed him not knowing and exchanging warm greeting with him.

In these days of general retirement at a much earlier age, Mr. Martin's continued efficient services to the age of eighty represents a time when it was considered fortunate for such men to serve on as long as possible, with their accumulated experience and knowledge and acquaintances and friends.

Already his monument exists in the extensive accumulation of records made official with his name. One can view only with at least a mild wonder what those files he has accumulated in good order that will be referred to for untold years to come.

When the official retirement day does come we will join with the many others in wishing him well in retirement, with many years in which to reflect upon work well done, the thousands served, the friends so acquired [in] the mustiness of fifty years in the old courthouse, the modern attractiveness and efficient adequacy of the new one.

-----------------------------------------------

The Daily Advance September 8, 1964 by Judges and Bar

RETIRED CLERK RECOGNIZED

Hubert H. Martin, clerk of the city's corporation and circuit courts for 62 years, was honored today by the Lynchburg bar Association and four judges with whom he has worked during the years.

The brief ceremony was at the opening of the September term of Corporation Court this morning. Martin announced his retirement on July 17.

Four judges sitting on the bench to honor Martin today included Corporation Court Judge G. Raymond Cundiff, U. S. District Judge A. D. Barksdale; Lynchburg Circuit Court Judge Charles E. Burks, and retired Corporation Court Judge S. DuVal Martin.

Attorney Douglas A, Robertson, Chairman of the resolutions committee of the Lynchburg Bar Association began the tribute by reading a resolution adopted by the bar.

The resolution states that Martin always showed the "highest degree of consideration and cooperation" in dealing with lawyers.

Robertson also described the clerk as "courteous," "efficient," and "accurate." The Bar then presented Martin with a silver tray.

William W. Sweeny, president of the Bar Association, stated that the clerk of court "is the best friend a lawyer has". He said that in a real sense the clerk is "a silent partner to every new lawyer."

To the older lawyers, the clerk is "the keeper of the keys," Sweeny said. He commended Martin for his "utmost efficiency and effort."

Judge Cundiff said that the courts have been very fortunate to have had such a "competent and efficient clerk." He ordered that the tribute of Martin be entered in the Common law order book.

Judge Barksdale recalled that it has been almost 49 years since he first met Martin, and that he found him invaluable when working with him. Barksdale stated that "no Court ever had a better Clerk than Hubert Martin."

Judge Burks stated that the entering [of] Common Law orders and getting them right "takes a master," and he described the retiring clerk as such. He said that a better set of orders can not be found in the state of Virginia than those in Lynchburg.

Judge Burks stated that he has known Martin since 1913, and he added his praise of Martin along with the others. Burks said that the tribute will also be recorded in the order books of the Circuit Court.

Joining in the tribute were members of the clerk's office, and Martin's family.

Martin's brother, George W. Martin, who has assisted him since 1925, was appointed to succeed his brother. Hubert Martin, who is now 80 years old, has indicated that he will continue to work in the Clerk's office when needed.

-------------------------------------------

from the News, Wednesday, July 21, 1965. An editorial on the death of a wondeful man.

HUBERT H. MARTIN

Hubert Harvey Martin retired last year as Corporation Court Clerk, during his 80th year. He is dead now at the age of 81.

Quiet, modest, pleasant, efficient, he was one of those men who in appearance and quality of service appear to have been born for the specific career they follow. We believe the lawyers and judges and others who have known him well would agree with this. The equivalent of the statement has been heard fiom the lips of many of them.

To anyone who knew him during many of his years of service it was difficult to think of him not being on the job after retirement; it was a mild shock, even, to see Mr. Martin walk down Church St., past Monument Terrace, and not to see him on that route, up and down every day.

The fact that he retired at 80 was an excellent commentary on this compulsory retirement at 65 system. Mr. Martin was as good [at] his position when he retired as he was at 65 and that meant that he always had been.

Some enduring memorial of the man and his services should be provided as a reminder to future generations of what a man superior and exemplary in his post can be, and mean to those whom he served as well.

-- From "The Family and Decendants of Samuel Richardson Martin and Emma Louis Walton Martin from 1660 through 2006" by M. Eleanor Carson

More about Martin, Hubert Harvey:

Marriage: 1931-06-20, Lynchburg, VA3. 2nd wife: Sammy Anderson Wright.

Burial: Spring Hill cem., Lynchburg, VA3.

Generation 2

2.             Martin, Samuel Richardson. Samuel Richardson was born on 1849-09-15. He died on 1935-12-13 in near Concord, Campbell Co., VA at the age of 86 years. Samuel Richardson was the son of Martin, John Wellington and Neighbors, Amanda Harriet. He married Walton, Emma Louis on 1883-03-15 in Mountain View1.

Notes for Martin, Samuel Richardson

Dec. 14, 1935.

Samuel R. Martin

Samuel R. Martin of Lynchburg, route 3, died last night about 6 o'clock at his home near Concord, after a brief illness. He was born September 15, 1849, in Campbell county, where he lived his entire life. He was a member of Mt. Olivet Methodist Church, in which he was greatly interested, having served as a steward in former years. On the 15th of March, 1883, he was married to Miss Emma L. Walton who survives him. He is also survived by the following children: S. Royal Martin, John G. Martin, Mrs. C. H. Inge, Mrs. J. T. Carson, Mrs. W. M. Carson, all of Concord, Dr. Charles B. Martin of Nokesville, and George W. Martin, O. Louis Martin and Hubert H. Martin of Lynchburg. He is also survived by several grandchildren and two great grandchildren. The funeral of Mr. Martin will be held from the home in Campbell county at 1:30 o'clock Sunday afternoon.

Funeral Of Samuel R. Martin

Funeral services for Samuel R. Martin were conducted from the home in Campbell county Sunday afternoon by Rev. R. H. Humphrey of Concord, assisted by Dr. W. L. Ware of Lynchburg. Burial was in the family cemetery near the home. Grandchildren of Mr. Martin served as flower bearers and active pallbearers. Flower bearers were Mrs. R. H. Giles, Misses Nellie Martin, Charlotte Martin, Elizabeth Inge, Betty May Martin, Irene Martin, Evelyn Carson, Emma May Carson, Eunice Martin, Viola Carson and Eleanor Carson, Louis Martin Jr, Samuel Inge, Willie Ray Martin and Charles Henry Martin. Honorary pallbearers were A. C. Brooks, C. W. Drinkard, Parrish Cardwell, James Davidson, J. J. Baldock, B. W. Caldwell, Irvin Balentine, Sam Drinkard, Robert A . Russell and Dr. R. H. Cross. Active pallbearers were Tom Martin, Frank Martin, Robert Martin, Charles Inge Jr, John Martin Jr, Royal Carson, Billy Martin and James Edward Martin.

-- From "The Family and Decendants of Samuel Richardson Martin and Emma Louis Walton Martin from 1660 through 2006" by M. Eleanor Carson

3.             Walton, Emma Louis. Emma Louis was born on 1860-04-19. She died on 1946-07-10 at the age of 86 years. She was buried in near Concord, Campbell Co., VA. Emma Louis was the daughter of Walton, James Chick and Greenlee, Virginia Caroline. She married Martin, Samuel Richardson on 1883-03-15 in Mountain View1.

Notes for Walton, Emma Louis

EMMA LOUIS WALTON, born April 19, 1860, died July 10, 1946. Married Samuel Richardson Martin. They were married on Thursday, March 15, 1883 at 4:30 p.m. by the Rev. G. W. Lumpkins at "Mountain View". They are buried in a private plot on their farm on State Route 660, which is between Concord and Rustburg, Va. (The farm is still in the family and is the home of Emma's granddaughter, Irene Martin Jones.) Emma was a wonderful seamstress and had made her own wedding gown. The gown was red and had a white lace collar and cuffs. Before she married she had taught school, and kept house for her Father and her younger brother and sisters after the death of their Mother. Emma and Samuel had ten children. Wellington, John and Royal1 followed in their father's footsteps and became fmers. The land which they farmed is still owned by their descendants. Hubert, Louis and George entered the business world.

Hubert and George spent most of their working life as Clerks of the Court. Louis was a salesman and later a part owner of the now defunct Perrow & Evans Hardware Store on Main Street in Lynchburg.

Alice and Annie were housewives to their farmer husbands. May followed in her Mother's footsteps and became a school teacher before she too married a farmer. Charlie became a Doctor of Medicine.

-- From "The Family and Decendants of Samuel Richardson Martin and Emma Louis Walton Martin from 1660 through 2006" by M. Eleanor Carson

More about Walton, Emma Louis:

Burial: near Concord, Campbell Co., VA3. They are buried in a private plot on their farm on State Route 660, which is between Concord and Rustburg, VA.

Children of Walton, Emma Louis and Martin, Samuel Richardson

i. Martin, Hubert Harvey [1]. He was born on 1884-01-26. He died on 1965-07-19 in Lynchburg, VA.

ii. Martin, James Wellington. He was born on 1885-07-17. He died on 1920-03-18.

iii. Martin, Oscar Louis. He was born on 1887-01-27. He died on 1964-08-06.

iv. Martin, Alice Rachel. She was born on 1888-04-03. She died in 1981-02-00.

v. Martin, John Grigsby. He was born on 1890-01-04. He died on 1970-03-08.

vi. Martin, Samuel Royal. He was born on 1891-08-10. He died on 1968-02-15.

vii. Martin, Annie Texas. She was born on 1894-06-04. She died on 1981-03-05.

viii. Martin, George William. He was born on 1895-12-03. He died on 1988-07-11 in Lynchburg, VA.

ix. Martin, Mary Susan (Mae). She was born on 1897-01-04. She died on 1988-02-01.

x. Martin, Charles Beasley Galloway. He was born on 1899-09-11. He died on 1974-12-13.

More about Walton, Emma Louis and Martin, Samuel Richardson:

Marriage: 1883-03-15, Mountain View1. Marriage of Martin, Samuel Richardson & Walton, Emma L..

Generation 3

4.             Martin, John Wellington. John Wellington was born on 1817-07-07. He died on 1892-01-13 at the age of 74 years. John Wellington was the son of Martin, Samuel and Cardwell, Sarah (Sallie) Dixon. He married Neighbors, Amanda Harriet.

Notes for Martin, John Wellington

JOHN WELLINGTON MARTIN was born July 7,1817 and died January 13,1892. He was the sixth child of Samuel and Sarah "Sally" Dixon Cardwell Martin. He was a farmer and land owner in Campbell County and a soldier in the Confederate Army during the Civil War. A devout churchman, he served as a steward in Mt. Olivet United Methodist Church. He is remembered as a man of large frame, sturdy disposition, rugged strength and kindly nature. When he was in the war, there were no men left on the farm, so all the farm work was done by his maiden sisters, Rachel and Sarah "Sally", who made their home with him. On December 14, 1848, he married Amanda Harriet Neighbors, who was born in 1824 and died March 1857. She was the daughter of Richardson and Jane Cardwell Neighbors.

-- From "The Family and Decendants of Samuel Richardson Martin and Emma Louis Walton Martin from 1660 through 2006" by M. Eleanor Carson

5.             Neighbors, Amanda Harriet. Amanda Harriet was born in 1824-00-00. She died in 1857-00-00 at the age of 33 years. Amanda Harriet was the daughter of Neighbors, Robert Richardson and Caldwell, Jane. She married Martin, John Wellington.

Children of Neighbors, Amanda Harriet and Martin, John Wellington

i. Martin, Samuel Richardson [2]. He was born on 1849-09-15. He died on 1935-12-13 in near Concord, Campbell Co., VA.

ii. Martin, Martha Susan. She was born in 1851-00-00. She died in 1924-00-00.

iii. Martin, Mary Ann. She was born in 1853-00-00. She died in 1933-00-00.

iv. Martin, John Marcus. He was born in 1855-00-00. He died in 1902-00-00.

6.             Walton, James Chick. James Chick was born on 1819-08-23 in Bent Creek, Buckingham Co., VA. He died on 1886-05-10 in Campbell Co., VA at the age of 66 years. He was buried in Beasley Family cem., Campbell Co., VA. James Chick was the son of Walton, William and Chick, Elizabeth White. He married Greenlee, Virginia Caroline in 1855-12-003.

Notes for Walton, James Chick

James Chick Walton, son of William and Elizabeth White (Chick) Walton, was born Aug. 23, 1819 at Bent Creek, and died on May 10, 1886, in Campbell County, Virginia. He first married Mary Elizabeth White,[83] probable daughter of Andrew and Margaret (Ferguson) White[84] of Bent Creek. She was born in 1823 and died circa 1853. James C. married second, in December 1855, to Virginia Caroline Greenlee, daughter of David Samuel and Hannah Ingram (Grigsby) Greenlee of Rockbridge County, Virginia. She was born July 19, 1836 at Natural Bridge, Virginia, and died July 25, 1880 in Campbell County. James bought a factory in Lynchburg but lost it during the recession of the 1850s.[85] James and his second wife were buried in a family cemetery on the Beasley Farm, Campbell County, near the intersection of HW 501 and HW 660.[86]

Children of James C. and Mary Elizabeth (White) Walton:

1. Sarah E. Walton was born in 1838. She married William R. McKinney on April 3, 1854 in Campbell County, Virginia.

2. Virginia C. Walton was born in 1841 and died in 1903. She married Daniel W. McKinney, 1831-1896, on April 12, 1854 by the Rev. John E. Edwards.[87] They had three children, one of whom was Nannie E.McKinney, born on Dec. 1, 1855.

3. John W. Walton was born in 1845.

4. Robert M. Walton was born in 1848. He was living in the household of his father when the 1870 U. S. Census was taken for Campbell County, Virginia.

Children of James C. and Virginia C. (Greenlee) Walton:[88]

5. Emaline "Emma" Louise Walton was born April 19, 1860, and died July 10, 1946. She married Samuel Richardson Martin, March 15, 1883 and lived at Concord, in either Appomattox or Campbell County. The 1910 U. S. Census for Campbell County lists these children: O. Lewis Martin, age twenty-three; John Martin, age twenty.

6. Scottie L. Walton (female) was born in 1860. She married a Mr. Drinkard and lived at one time in Pulaski, Virginia.

7. Cornelia Belle Walton was born in 1862.

8. Margaret W. Walton was born in 1864. It is believed that she married William Deacon and their residence was at 2027 Popular Street in Lynchburg.

9. Catherine Jennings Walton was born in 1866. She married and moved to Michigan.

10. Richard Thomas Grigsby Walton was born in 1868. He married and lived at Pulaski, Virginia at one time.

_______________________________

[83] Stuart McDearmon Fmar, Historical Notes of Appomattox County, Virginia, (Privately Published: Pamplin, Virginia), 1989, pp. 128, 205. [84] Andrew White was born Mar. 13, 1789 in Dunse, Berwick County, Scotland and died in 1870 in Appomattox County. He came to bent Creek, Buckingham County in 1802, where he later married Margaret Ferguson on Dec. 18, 1816. They raised a large family at Bent Creek (now in Appomattox County). Margaret died of childbirth on Jan. 19, 1835 at Bent Creek. [85] The Lynchburg Virginian, issue of April 7, 1858, contained an auction announcement that would offer to the highest bidder, not only the factory equipment, but a lot of tobacco, six slaves, mules and horses and wagons, but also "Twenty-two factory hand." The auction was held on the steps of the Campbell The County Courthouse. [86] Information on the cemetery, and inscriptions, was provided by the late Dr. Joseph W. Evans of Boulder, Colorado. [87] Library of Virginia, "Tyree family Bible record, 1808-1924," Accession No.MBRC3. [88] Information on this family unit was provided by Lady Alton Dobbs of Erwin, Tennessee. She descends from Richard Thomas G. Walton

-- From "Waltons of Old Virginia" by Wilmer L. Kerns, Ph.D., pp. 136-138

More about Walton, James Chick:

Burial: Beasley Family cem., Campbell Co., VA3.

7.             Greenlee, Virginia Caroline. Virginia Caroline was born on 1836-07-19 in Natural Bridge, Rockbridge Co., VA. She died on 1880-07-25 at the age of 44 years. She was buried in Beasley Family cem., Campbell Co., VA. Virginia Caroline was the daughter of Greenlee, David and Grigsby, Hannah Ingram. She married Walton, James Chick in 1855-12-003.

Notes for Greenlee, Virginia Caroline

Caroline Greenlee was in Lynchburg, visiting her sister Lavinia Greenlee Dillard when she met Captain James Chick Walton. They were married in December 1855 and lived the rest of their lives in Campbell County. They are buried in a family cemetery on the Beasley Place, near Routes 501 and 660 in Campbell Co., Va.

-- From "The Family and Decendants of Samuel Richardson Martin and Emma Louis Walton Martin from 1660 through 2006" by M. Eleanor Carson

More about Greenlee, Virginia Caroline:

Burial: Beasley Family cem., Campbell Co., VA3.

Children of Greenlee, Virginia Caroline and Walton, James Chick

i. Walton, Emma Louis [3]. She was born on 1860-04-19. She died on 1946-07-10.

ii. Walton, Scottie.

iii. Walton, Cornelia Bell.

iv. Walton, Margaret (Maggie).

v. Walton, Kate.

vi. Walton, Richard Thomas Grigsby.

vii. Walton, Hannah (Annie).

More about Greenlee, Virginia Caroline and Walton, James Chick:

Marriage: 1855-12-003. Marriage of Walton, James Chick, Capt. & Greenlee, Virginia Caroline.

Generation 4

8.             Martin, Samuel. Samuel was born in 1787-00-00 in Campbell County, VA. He died in 1851-00-00 in Campbell County, VA at the age of 64 years. Samuel was the son of Martin, Thomas and Cook, Elizabeth. He married Cardwell, Sarah (Sallie) Dixon on 1807-03-09 in Concord, VA3.

Notes for Martin, Samuel

Marriage 1 Sarah Dixon CARDWELL b: 1783 in Concord, Campbell, Virginia, USA
Married: 9 Mar 1807 in Concord, Campbell, Virginia, USA 1 2 3
  
Sources:
1) Abbrev: Marriages of Campbell County, Virginia 1782-1810
Title: Marriages of Campbell County, Virginia 1782-1810
Author: Lucy Harrison Miller Baber and Hazel Letts Williamson
Publication: Lynchburg, Virginia 1971; Sponsored by Blue Ridge Chapter, NSDAR., page 66
Text: MARTIN, SAMUEL and Sally Cardwell, bond 9 March 1807. Consent by Robert Cardwell,
father of the bride. Samuel Martin, bondsman and Thomas Martin bondsman; Robert Cardwell,
Jr., witness and Thomas Martin, Jr., witness.

2) Abbrev: Virginia Marriage Index, 1740-1850
Title: Virginia Marriage Index, 1740-1850
Author: from www.ancestry.com
Note: Lists marriage date as 09 Mar 1807

3) Abbrev: Campbell Co., VA Marriage Bonds
Title: Campbell County, Virginia Marriage Bonds 1781- 1854
Author: Genealogical Society of Utah, November 1937
Publication: Reprinted by Higginson Book Company, PO Box 778, Salem, MA 01970
Repository: Library of Marilyn Cardwell Larson, Roseville, CA 95747, page 84

9.             Cardwell, Sarah (Sallie) Dixon. Sarah (Sallie) Dixon was born in 1788-00-00 in Concord, VA. She died in 1872-00-00 in Campbell County, VA at the age of 89 years. Sarah (Sallie) Dixon was the daughter of Cardwell, Robert Allen (Robin) and Rucker, Alice. She married Martin, Samuel on 1807-03-09 in Concord, VA3.

Notes for Cardwell, Sarah (Sallie) Dixon

Marriage 1 Samuel MARTIN b: Abt 1783
Married: 9 Mar 1807 in Concord, Campbell, Virginia, USA 1 2 3
  
Sources:
1) Abbrev: Marriages of Campbell County, Virginia 1782-1810
Title: Marriages of Campbell County, Virginia 1782-1810
Author: Lucy Harrison Miller Baber and Hazel Letts Williamson
Publication: Lynchburg, Virginia 1971; Sponsored by Blue Ridge Chapter, NSDAR.
Page: page 66
Text: MARTIN, SAMUEL and Sally Cardwell, bond 9 March 1807. Consent by Robert
Cardwell, father of the bride. Samuel Martin, bondsman and Thomas Martin bondsman;
Robert Cardwell, Jr., witness and Thomas Martin, Jr., witness.
  
2) Abbrev: Virginia Marriage Index, 1740-1850
Title: Virginia Marriage Index, 1740-1850
Author: from www.ancestry.com
Note: Lists marriage date as 09 Mar 1807
  
3) Abbrev: Campbell Co., VA Marriage Bonds
Title: Campbell County, Virginia Marriage Bonds 1781- 1854
Author: Genealogical Society of Utah, November 1937
Publication: Reprinted by Higginson Book Company, PO Box 778, Salem, MA 01970
Repository: Library of Marilyn Cardwell Larson, Roseville, CA 95747
Page: page 84

Children of Cardwell, Sarah (Sallie) Dixon and Martin, Samuel

i. Martin, John Wellington [4]. He was born on 1817-07-07. He died on 1892-01-13.

ii. Martin, Thomas. He was born in 1809-00-00. He died in 1830-00-00.

iii. Martin, Robert Cardwell. He was born in 1811-00-00. He died in 1891-00-00.

iv. Martin, Andrew Cook. He was born in 1811-00-00. He died in 1895-00-00.

v. Martin, William Cardwell. He was born in 1813-00-00. He died in 1881-00-00.

vi. Martin, Mary Dixon. She was born on 1815-07-04. She died on 1889-06-30.

vii. Martin, Elizabeth. She was born in 1819-00-00. She died in 1857-00-00.

viii. Martin, Sarah Anne. She was born in 1821-00-00. She died in 1894-00-00.

ix. Martin, Susan Rucker. She was born in 1823-00-00.

x. Martin, Anne Elizabeth. She was born in 1825-00-00 in Campbell County, VA. She died in 1863-00-00 in Granger County, TN.

xi. Martin, Rachel Alice. She was born in 1828-00-00. She died in 1905-00-00.

More about Cardwell, Sarah (Sallie) Dixon and Martin, Samuel:

Marriage: 1807-03-09, Concord, VA3. Marriage of Samuel Martin & Sallie Dixon Cardwell.

10.         Neighbors, Robert Richardson. Robert Richardson was born about 1795-00-00 in Campbell Co., VA. He died between 1830-00-00 and 1840-00-00 in Campbell Co., VA at the age of 35 years. Robert Richardson was the son of Neighbors, William and Rowe, Anne. He married Caldwell, Jane on 1816-05-04 in Campbell Co., VA8.

More about Neighbors, Robert Richardson:

Birth Name: Richardson Neighbors3

Census: 1820-00-00, Campbell Co., VA.

Census: 1830-00-00, Campbell Co., VA.

11.         Caldwell, Jane. Jane was born between 1795-00-00 and 1800-00-00 in Campbell Co., VA. She died between 1860-00-00 and 1870-00-00 in Campbell Co., VA at the age of 65 years. Jane was the daughter of Caldwell, Samuel and Fields, Mary. She married Neighbors, Robert Richardson on 1816-05-04 in Campbell Co., VA8.

More about Caldwell, Jane:

Also Known As: Jane Cardwell3

Census: 1820-00-00, Campbell Co., VA.

Census: 1830-00-00, Campbell Co., VA.

Census: 1840-00-00, Campbell Co., VA.

Census: 1850-00-00, Campbell Co., VA.

Census: 1860-00-00, Amherst Co., VA.

Children of Caldwell, Jane and Neighbors, Robert Richardson

i. Neighbors, Edna A.. She was born on 1821-03-16 in Campbell Co., VA. She died on 1893-07-02 in Concord, Campbell Co, VA.

ii. Neighbors, Amanda Harriet [5]. She was born in 1824-00-00. She died in 1857-00-00.

iii. Neighbors, Margaret. She was born about 1825-00-00 in Campbell Co., VA. She died after 1850-00-00.

iv. Neighbors, Elizabeth. She was born about 1827-00-00 in Campbell Co., VA. She died after 1850-00-00.

v. Neighbors, Robert. He was born about 1830-00-00 in Campbell Co., VA. He died after 1860-00-00.

More about Caldwell, Jane and Neighbors, Robert Richardson:

Marriage: 1816-05-04, Campbell Co., VA8. Marriage of Neighbors, Robert Richardson and Caldwell, Jane.

12.         Walton, William. William was born on 1782-09-18 in Cumberland Co., VA. He died on 1851-12-18 in Bent Creek, Buckingham Co., VA at the age of 69 years. William was the son of Walton, Thomas Jr. and Armistead, Nancy (Nannie). He married Chick, Elizabeth White on 1807-06-244.

Notes for Walton, William

William Walton, son of Thomas Jr. and Nancy (Armistead) Walton, was born in Cumberland County, Virginia on Sept. 18, 1782, and died on Dec. 18, 1851 at Bent Creek, Appomattox County, Virginia. William married Elizabeth White[101] Chick, daughter of Col. William and Elizabeth Chick, June 24, 1807.[102] Elizabeth W. Chick was born on Sept. 30, 1790, and died on June 5, 1844, at 12 o'clock midnight. The family Bible states that she was ill with a protracted disease for twelve months. Her death came one year before Appomattox County was formed from Buckingham County.

William Chick's wife Elizabeth was possibly nee White. Dr. David C. Jones, son-in-law of William Walton, recorded in his medical account book a visit on Nov. 11, 1834 with Mrs. Andrew White of Bent Creek. Furthermore, Dr. Jones sat up with her for several nights in January 1835, which suggests a severe illness or impending death. Further research showed no relationship with this branch of Whites.

Elizabeth's father, Col. William Chick, allegedly served in the Revolutionary War from Henrico County, Virginia and settled at Bent Creek during the War of 1812. However, he owned land at Bent Creek as early as 1792. In 1820, he was an enumerator for the U.S. Census for Buckingham county.[103]

William Walton served in the Buckingham County militia, attaining the rank of Colonel. Over the next forty-four years, William Walton succeeded his father-in-law as Bent Creek's largest land owner and chief entrepreneur. In addition, he came to hold the County's highest offices. In 1808, he was appointed to the County Court, an office he held continuously until 1845, when as senior in service he became the presiding justice of the new court of Appomattox County. He was one of the first postmasters at Bent Creek. Samuel Perkins established the post office in November 1800. Col. William Chick was the next postmaster, serving from July 1801 to July 1810. William Walton followed Col. Chick as postmaster until April 1811.[104] According to information in the Library of Virginia, William insured his house on Main Street in Duiguidsville for $1,500.[105]

William was one of the petitioners to the Virginia General Assembly to establish a private school in Buckingham County. He served a term as sheriff for Buckingham County. In this capacity he certified an election at Goodwin's Church precinct, April 23, 1840. William was a successful businessman, owning a broad range of enterprises. During the 1827-1830 era, an account book[106] shows that he was in partnership with several persons: "Clark & Walton," "Walton & Phelps,"[107] and "Walton & Lane." Earlier he was a partner of "Chick & Walton." On Oct. 4, 1828, Owans C. Fowler was reimbursed $9.64 for attending a meeting at the Charlotte County Courthouse for a hearing on the "Walton & Chick vs. Anthony W. Woodson."

[Photograph] William Walton built this house from forest pine on one of his lands, about 1811. This is where his children were born and raised. It is located six miles north of Appomattox on Route 26, about 300 yards off the highway, on land that was later owned by his great-grandsons, William Jones Walton Sr. and Walker Scott Walton, during the 1930s when the WPA took this photograph. The last member of the Walton family born in the house was Winston D. Walton in 1931. Stephen McCoy {born in 1863) and his family were the last tenants to live in the house, circa 1940s. The building is no longer standing.

The firms "Clark & Walton" and "Walton and Phelps" were mercantile businesses at Bent Creek during the 1820s and 1830s. Another business was called a plant (possibly lime), which implies manufacturing or processing of some type. According to an account book, their products were shipped to several markets, including New Orleans. William Harris was paid $30 to make a trip to New Orleans. Bent Creek is located on the James River near its intersection with U.S. Route 60. Land tax lists show he and a partner owned a tobacco warehouse; that he was co-owner of the Buckingham Gold Mine.

In 1840, William Walton owned forty-three slaves. In 1845, when Appomattox County was formed from Buckingham County, William was the only resident in the new county who was called Esquire on the personal property tax rolls. He owned 2,022 acres, consisting of two former estates of Walton and Chick. Sometime before 1850, William divided most of his land among his seven children. Finally, William Walton was elected Justice of the Peace for Appomattox County, an office that he held until the year of his death.

Children of Captain William and Elizabeth W. (Chick) Walton:[108]

1. Eliza Ann Walton was born on Tuesday, Aug. 28, 1810. On Jan. 10, 1827, she married Dr. David Crawford Jones.

2. Martha Ann Armistead Walton was born on Sunday, Aug 9, 1812 at two o'clock in the morning, and died Nov. 23, 1888. She married Maj. Samuel Jennings Walker, son of John Meriwether and Susan (Christian) Walker,[109] on Tuesday, June 8, 1830. Samuel was born Jan. 23, 1809 and died Aug. 21, 1866 in Appomattox County.

3. Mary Frances Philadelphia Walton was born on Friday, May 13, 1814, and died on April 9, 1884. She married Col. Samuel Daniel McDearmon, 1815- I871, son of the Rev. James and Mary (Daniel) McDearmon, June 10, 1835.

4. William Thomas Walton was born on Dec. 28, 1816 at 2:30 a.m., and died Wednesday, Sept. 5, 1821, aged four years eight months, and seven days. His given names were a combination of his grandfather Chick and grandfather Walton.

5. James Chick Walton was born Aug. 23, 1819 at Bent Creek, and died May 10, 1886, in Campbell County. He first married Mary Elizabeth White, daughter of Andrew and Margaret (Ferguson) White, and married second, in December 1855, Virginia Caroline Greenlee.

6. John William Walton, son of William and Elizabeth W (Chick) Walton, was born on May 30, 1821, and died on July 3, 1889. He married Mary Jane Vawter, daughter of Silas P. and Elizabeth Farrar (Christian) Vawter. Mary Jane was born in Nelson County on Oct. 29, 1827 and died at Bent Creek, Appomattox County on June 26, 1888.

7. Virginia Cornelia Walton was born on Tuesday, July 26, 1825, at 11 o'clock in the evening. She married James Nowlin, a physician in Appomattox County. James owned nine slaves. We are unable to trace their descendants.

8. Mariah Louisa Ellenorah Walton was born at 3 o'clock in the evening of May 21, 1829, and died on Jan. 5, 1837 at 10 o'clock at night. She was ill for two and one-half days, according to a notation in the family Bible. The medical book of Dr. David David C. Jones has an entry dated July 14, 1833, under the account of William Walton Esq., "to visit a daughter Elenora, bleeding her." Bleeding or draining blood from the body was one of the techniques used by the medical profession during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The assumption was that bad blood would be eliminated and the body would regenerate new blood.

9. Margaret Walker Walton, daughter of William Elizabeth W. (Chick) Walton, was born on July 8, 1834, at 3 o'clock in the evening. She married John H. McKinney, his second wife, and raised a family of 10 children.

10. Charles Yancey Walton was listed in the William Walton Bible as the youngest child of William and Elizabeth W. (Chick) Walton, but no date was entered. It is believed, but not proven, that he died young.

_____________________________

[101] We hypothesized that the maiden name of Elizabeth White Chick's mother was White, but found no evidence in the Buckingham area. Andrew White, who lived at Bent Creek, was born on March 13, 1789 at Dunse, Berwick County, Scotland, and died in 1870 at Bent Creek. He married Margaret Ferguson. There appears to have been no connection between these two White families. [102] Vital records of William Walton and his family are found in his Bible, now in possession of a descendant at Bent Creek, Appomattox County, Virginia, and a copy of which is in the hands of the compiler. The bible record identifies Elizabeth White Chick as the daughter of William and Elizabeth Chick. [103] One tradition says that Col. William Chick married Jean Ragland; another that he married Elizabeth White. No direct proof has been found to date, except that the William Walton Bible shows that William Chick's wife was named Elizabeth. [104] Edith F. Axelson, Virginia Postmasters and Post Offices, 1789-1832, Athens, Georgia: Iberian Publishing Company), 1991, p. 29. [105] Library of Virginia, Reel 3, Vol. 32, No. 32. [106] Buckingham County account book in Library of Virginia. [107] Probably this partner was Capt. Jonathan B. Phelps or Capt. Charles Phelps, and the other was William Lane (or Layne). The man called Chick was probably Col. William Chick or his son Richard Chick. [108] Names and dates were copied from the William Walton family Bible, purchased in 1807. The owner does not want to be identified. [109] Information on this family was published in an undated issue of the Farmville Herald, contributed by Stuart McDearmon Farrar. See also, Nathaniel Ragland Featherstone, The History of Appomattox, Virginia, (Walsworth Brothers: Marceline, Missouri), 1948, pp. 277-278.

-- From "Waltons of Old Virginia" by Wilmer L. Kerns, Ph.D., pp. 78-82

13.         Chick, Elizabeth White. Elizabeth White was born on 1790-09-30. She died on 1844-06-05 at the age of 53 years. Elizabeth White was the daughter of Chick, William and , Elizabeth. She married Walton, William on 1807-06-244.

Children of Chick, Elizabeth White and Walton, William

i. Walton, Eliza Ann. She was born on 1810-08-28.

ii. Walton, Martha Ann Armistead. She was born on 1812-08-09. She died on 1888-04-09.

iii. Walton, Mary Frances Philadelphia. She was born on 1814-05-13. She died on 1884-04-09.

iv. Walton, William Thomas. He was born on 1816-12-28. He died on 1821-09-05.

v. Walton, James Chick [6]. He was born on 1819-08-23 in Bent Creek, Buckingham Co., VA. He died on 1886-05-10 in Campbell Co., VA.

vi. Walton, John William. He was born on 1821-05-30. He died on 1889-07-03.

vii. Walton, Virginia Cornelia. She was born on 1825-07-26.

viii. Walton, Mariah Louisa Ellenorah. She was born on 1829-05-21. She died on 1837-01-05.

ix. Walton, Margaret Walker. She was born on 1834-07-08.

x. Walton, Charles Yancey.

More about Chick, Elizabeth White and Walton, William:

Marriage: 1807-06-244. Marriage of Walton, William, Col. & Chick, Elizabeth White.

14.         Greenlee, David. David was born on 1781/2-02-12 in Natural Bridge, Rockbridge Co., VA. He died on 1850-04-14 in Natural Bridge, Rockbridge Co., VA at the age of 69 years. David was the son of Greenlee, John and McClanahan, Hannah. He married Grigsby, Hannah Ingram on 1818-12-05 in Lexington, Rockbridge Co., VA10.

Notes for Greenlee, David

DAVID GREENLEE, son of John Greenlee and Hannah McClanahan, was born February 12, 1782 or 1781 at Natural Bridge, Rockbridge Co., Virginia; died April 14, 1850 at Natural Bridge, Virginia; married December 10, 1818 at Lexington, Rockbridge Co., Virginia HANNAH INGRAM GRIGSBY, born July 25, 1800 at Lexington, Virginia, died November 10, 1862 at Natural Bridge, Virginia, daughter of Elisha Grigsby and Elizabeth Hawkins Porter.

DAVID GREENLEE had little opportunity for gaining an education; yet through the use of his library and periodicals he was unusually well posted in history, geography, science and current events. He was noted for his familiarity with the sacred scriptures, being a veritable walking concordance. He was a Presbyterian; in politics, a Whig; resided at Clover Hill farm, Rockbridge County, Virginia.

HANNAH GRIGSBY GREENLEE had just finished her education at Ann Smith Academy, Lexington, Virginia, when she was married. She knew little or nothing about household duties but applied herself with such energy thereto that she was soon mistress of every detail, and was a reference for all her neighbors. The sons inherited her love of adventure.

ELISHA GRIGSBY GREENLEE, soon after he left home, joined a filibustering expedition under Lopez, and went to Cuba to accomplish what the United States has recently done. He escaped to Tampa, Florida, on a little steamer, closely chased by a Spanish man-of-war. He had lost all his wardrobe. He worked his way by driving a wood wagon, then as a hand on the railroad, then as conductor, and in this way made enough money to get back to Rockbridge. After this he took a college and medical course, followed his profession a while, then merchandised in Lynchburg, Virginia. Then he went on board the Viscal to London, his mother thinking him in Lynchburg till she got a letter from him dated London. When the Rebellion broke out all of the boys hastened to the front. He joined the Second Kentucky regiment as surgeon, the other four joined the First Virginia Cavalry under Colonel J. E. B. Stuart. There was not a raid, however dangerous, nor a battle in which Stuart's cavalry was engaged, in which most of them did not participate. Elisha was captured at Fort Donaldson, and for two years was a prisoner at Fort Douglas, when he was exchanged. After the war he went to Mississippi. He was of bright and cheerful disposition and had fine conversational powers.

WILLIAM WOODVILLE GREENLEE was captured in Virginia, by a Pennsylvania regiment in which there were four Greenlees. He was confined in Fort Delaware until the close of the war.

HENRIETTA JANE LEWIS (GREENLEE) BURNLEY was a native of Rockbridge County. She was possessed of excellent sense and uncommon resolution and self-reliance, very decided convictions of religious truth, positive and uncompromising opposition to all that was unseemly in its professors, and to the utmost of her opportunity and means liberal in her contributions toward the propagation of the truth as it is in Christ. Her married life was a happy one. She and her husband lived in singular unity of counsel and harmony of action for thirty-eight years until his death about six month previous to hers. It can truthfully be said that but few have lived in Albemarle County for better purpose, or have left more wholesome impress for good than this couple.

- From "Genealogy of the Greenlee Families in America, Scotland, Ireland and England" (pp. 233-235)

More about Greenlee, David:

Also Known As: David Samuel Greenlee5

15.         Grigsby, Hannah Ingram. Hannah Ingram was born on 1800-07-26 in Lexington, Rockbridge Co., VA. She died on 1862-11-10 in Natural Bridge, Rockbridge Co., VA at the age of 62 years. Hannah Ingram was the daughter of Grigsby, Elisha and Porter, Elizabeth Hawkins. She married Greenlee, David on 1818-12-05 in Lexington, Rockbridge Co., VA10.

Notes for Grigsby, Hannah Ingram

She was married to David Greenlee on December 10, 1818. They were married by the Rev. Samuel Houston and lived at "Clover Hill".

More about Grigsby, Hannah Ingram:

Residence: 1860-00-00, District 3, Rockbridge Co., VA11.

Address: 1860-00-00, District 3, Rockbridge Co., VA11

Children of Grigsby, Hannah Ingram and Greenlee, David

i. Greenlee, Elizabeth A. M.. She was born on 1819-10-11 in Natural Bridge, Rockbridge Co., VA. She died in Lockhart, TX.

ii. Greenlee, Hannah Mary. She was born on 1821-05-28 in Natural Bridge, Rockbridge Co., VA. She died in 1866-05-00 in Lynchburg, VA.

iii. Greenlee, Emaline. She was born on 1823-02-12 in Natural Bridge, Rockbridge Co., VA. She died in Florence, KS.

iv. Greenlee, Lavinia B.. She was born on 1824/5-12-23 in Natural Bridge, Rockbridge Co., VA. She died in 1886-05-00.

v. Greenlee, John M.. He was born on 1826-11-26 in Natural Bridge, Rockbridge Co., VA. He died in 1827-00-00.

vi. Greenlee, Elisha Grigsby. He was born on 1828-01-11 in Natural Bridge, Rockbridge Co., VA. He died in 1855-00-00 in Arkansas.

vii. Greenlee, David Robert B.. He was born on 1829-12-28 in Natural Bridge, Rockbridge Co., VA.

viii. Greenlee, Henriette Jane Louis. She was born on 1832-05-18 in Natural Bridge, Rockbridge Co., VA.

ix. Greenlee, James S.. He was born on 1834-05-30 in Natural Bridge, Rockbridge Co., VA. He died on 1900-10-01 in Cadwell, TX.

x. Greenlee, Virginia Caroline [7]. She was born on 1836-07-19 in Natural Bridge, Rockbridge Co., VA. She died on 1880-07-25.

xi. Greenlee, Josepha Frances. She was born on 1839-05-16 in Natural Bridge, Rockbridge Co., VA.

xii. Greenlee, William Woodville. He was born on 1841-12-07 in Natural Bridge, Rockbridge Co., VA.

xiii. Greenlee, John Marshall. He was born on 1845-11-11.

More about Grigsby, Hannah Ingram and Greenlee, David:

Marriage: 1818-12-05, Lexington, Rockbridge Co., VA10. Marriage of Greenlee, David Samuel and Grigsby, Hannah Ingram.

Generation 5

16.         Martin, Thomas. Thomas was born in 1742-00-00. He died in 1833-00-00 at the age of 91 years. He married Cook, Elizabeth.

Notes for Martin, Thomas

Hubert H. Martin wrote in a letter to Miss Lena Martin of Osawatomie, KS on Sept. 26, 1912:

"My great-aunt, Miss Rachel A. Martin, told me that my great-great grand-father, Thomas Martin, together with his two brothers, William Martin and Daniel Martin, came over to this country from Scotland. She did not know the exact date, but as near as we can guess ai it, they must have come over about 1620 or 1630."

This obviously could not have been the same Thomas Martin, but is probablythe brother of one 3 generations older. One tradition has it that three Martin brothers, Daniel, William, and Thomas, came to America from Scotland between 1620 and 1630. Daniel had a son named Thomas who had a son named Thomas who married Elizabeth Cook.

17.         Cook, Elizabeth. Elizabeth was born in 1742-00-00. She died in 1827-00-00 at the age of 85 years. Elizabeth was the daughter of Cook, Andrew and Means, Mary Dinwiddie. She married Martin, Thomas.

Children of Cook, Elizabeth and Martin, Thomas

i. Martin, William. He was born 17??-1. He died in 1838-00-00.

ii. Martin, Daniel. He was born 17??-2.

iii. Martin, Benjamin. He was born 17??-3.

iv. Martin, Thomas. He was born 17??-4.

v. Martin, Samuel [8]. He was born in 1787-00-00 in Campbell County, VA. He died in 1851-00-00 in Campbell County, VA.

vi. Martin, Rachel. She was born 17??-6.

vii. Martin, Mary. She was born 17??-7.

viii. Martin, Anne. She was born 17??-8.

18.         Cardwell, Robert Allen (Robin). Robert Allen (Robin) was born in 1762-00-00 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England. He died on 1839-02-14 in Concord, VA at the age of 77 years. Robert Allen (Robin) was the son of Cardwell, William and of Hostingly, Mary. He married Rucker, Alice about 1786-00-00 in Virginia.

Notes for Cardwell, Robert Allen (Robin)

Robin went to the north of Ireland and then to Virginia where he arrived shortly after the Revolutionary War.  There he was married first to Elmina Meams (b. ~1760, d. 1786)  about 1777 and issued 3 children.  He was married second to Alice Rucker (b. ~1760) about 1786 and issued 8 children.

More about Cardwell, Robert Allen (Robin):

Marriage: about 1777-00-00. Married Elmina Meams b: ~1760, d: 1786 in Concord, VA.

Children of Meams, Elmina and Cardwell, Robert Allen (Robin)

i. Cardwell, Simon. He was born about 1778-00-00 in Concord, VA.

ii. Cardwell, William Amos. He was born about 1780-00-00. He died after 1850-00-00 in Woodbury, Butler, Kentucky.

iii. Cardwell, Wyatt. He was born about 1782-00-00 in Concord, VA.

19.         Rucker, Alice. Alice was born about 1760-00-00 in Albemarle County, VA. She died before 1839-01-00 at the age of 79 years. She married Cardwell, Robert Allen (Robin) about 1786-00-00 in Virginia.

More about Rucker, Alice:

Married Name: Alice Rucker Cardwell

Children of Rucker, Alice and Cardwell, Robert Allen (Robin)

i. Cardwell, Sarah (Sallie) Dixon [9]. She was born in 1788-00-00 in Concord, VA. She died in 1872-00-00 in Campbell County, VA.

ii. Cardwell, William. He was born in 1788-00-00.

iii. Cardwell, James Dixon. He was born in 1790-00-00 in Concord, VA. He died in 1871-00-00 in Concord, VA.

iv. Cardwell, John Thomas. He was born in 1792-00-00 in Concord, VA. He died in 1872-00-00 in Concord, VA.

v. Cardwell, Robert. He was born in 1794-00-00 in Concord, VA. He died on 1865-01-03 in Grainger, TN.

vi. Cardwell, Anthony Rucker. He was born on 1796-05-03 in Concord, VA. He died in 1878-00-00.

vii. Cardwell, Elizabeth (Betsy). She was born in 1802-00-00 in Concord, VA.

viii. Cardwell, Thomas Dixon. He was born on 1806-10-23 in Concord, VA. He died on 1893-07-07 in Concord, VA.

More about Rucker, Alice and Cardwell, Robert Allen (Robin):

Marriage: about 1783-00-00, Virginia. Marriage of Cardwell, Robert Allen & Rucker, Alice.

20.         Neighbors, William. William was born about 1771-00-00 in Prince Edward Co, VA. He died between 1810-00-00 and 1820-00-00 in Campbell Co., VA at the age of 39 years. He married Rowe, Anne on 1791-11-23 in Campbell Co., VA13.

More about Neighbors, William:

Census: 1810-00-00, Prince Edward Co, VA.

21.         Rowe, Anne. Anne was born about 1770-00-00 in Campbell Co., VA. She died after 1840-00-00 in Campbell Co., VA at the age of 70 years. She married Neighbors, William on 1791-11-23 in Campbell Co., VA13.

More about Rowe, Anne:

Census: 1810-00-00, Prince Edward Co, VA.

Census: 1820-00-00, Campbell Co., VA.

Census: 1830-00-00, Campbell Co., VA.

Census: 1840-00-00, Campbell Co., VA.

Children of Rowe, Anne and Neighbors, William

i. Neighbors, Robert Richardson [10]. He was born about 1795-00-00 in Campbell Co., VA. He died between 1830-00-00 and 1840-00-00 in Campbell Co., VA.

ii. Neighbors, William Rowe. He was born between 1795-00-00 and 1804-00-00 in Campbell Co., VA. He died after 1860-00-00 in Campbell Co., VA.

More about Rowe, Anne and Neighbors, William:

Marriage: 1791-11-23, Campbell Co., VA13. Marriage of Neighbors, William and Rowe, Anne.

22.         Caldwell, Samuel. Samuel was born about 1765-00-00. He died after 1795-00-00 in Campbell Co., VA at the age of 30 years. He married Fields, Mary on 1783-01-03 in Campbell Co., VA13.

Notes for Caldwell, Samuel

CALDWELL. SAMUEL and Mary Field, bond 3 January 1793. Consent by AndrewField, father of the bride. Sam Caldwell, bondsman and John Campbell, bondsman; Samuel Galbraith, witness. Marriage recorded 15 ___1793 by William Mahon.

More about Caldwell, Samuel:

Also Known As: Sam Caldwell14

23.         Fields, Mary. Mary was born about 1768-00-00 in Campbell Co., VA. She died after 1795-00-00 in Campbell Co., VA at the age of 27 years. Mary was the daughter of Fields, Andrew and Galbreath, Margaret. She married Caldwell, Samuel on 1783-01-03 in Campbell Co., VA13.

Notes for Fields, Mary

CALDWELL. SAMUEL and Mary Field, bond 3 January 1793. Consent by AndrewField, father of the bride. Sam Caldwell, bondsman and John Campbell, bondsman; Samuel Galbraith, witness. Marriage recorded 15 ___1793 by William Mahon.

Children of Fields, Mary and Caldwell, Samuel

i. Caldwell, Jane [11]. She was born between 1795-00-00 and 1800-00-00 in Campbell Co., VA. She died between 1860-00-00 and 1870-00-00 in Campbell Co., VA.

ii. Caldwell, John. He was born about 1784-00-00 in Campbell Co., VA.

iii. Caldwell, James. He was born about 1800-00-00 in Campbell Co., VA. He died after 1850-00-00.

iv. Caldwell, Margaret E.. She was born about 1805-00-00.

More about Fields, Mary and Caldwell, Samuel:

Marriage: 1783-01-03, Campbell Co., VA13. Marriage of Caldwell, Samuel and Fields, Mary.

Marriage: 1793-01-03, Concord, Campbell Co, VA. Marriage of Caldwell, Samuel and Fields, Mary.

24.         Walton, Thomas Jr. Thomas was born about 1742-00-00 in Cumberland Co., VA. He died on 1815-11-21 in Bent Creek, Buckingham Co., VA at the age of 73 years. Thomas was the son of Walton, Thomas Sr. and Cox, Martha. He married Armistead, Nancy (Nannie) before 1783-00-00.

Notes for Walton, Thomas Jr.

Thomas Walton Jr., son of Thomas Sr. and Martha (Cox) Walton, was born circa 1742 in Goochland County (present Cumberland County), and died on Nov. 21, 1815, at Bent Creek, Buckingham County, Virginia.[59] His early life was spent in Cumberland County, which was formed from Goochland County in 1749. In 1765, he received a gift from his father for 250 acres on both sides of Muddy Creek near Carter's Ferry.[60] He was executor for both his father (died in 1772) and his mother (died in 1798) in Cumberland County. In 1803, he purchased 1254 1/2 acres on Bent Creek in Buckingham County and made that locale his seat until his death in 1815.[61] The property was known as "The Cove Farm." In 1841, his son William Walton sold the farm to Archibald Bolling Megginson, 1798-1851, who then sold it to Silas P. Vawter in 1850. Vawter gave it to his daughter Mary Jane whose husband was John W. Walton, 1821-1889. The property was deeded to his daughter because of John W. Walton's bankruptcy in 1858. The Cove Farm eventually came back to the Walton name after Mary J. (Vawter) Walton's death in 1888, when her son Eugene A. Walton, 1850-1921, gained possession at the close of the nineteenth century. The Cove Farm was passed down to Eugene's son, Dallas Eugene Walton, 1887-1968, who died without descendants. The farm was passed down to his "adopted" nephew, Calvin Walker Harris, 1928-present, who lived on the farm until 2004 when it was sold. Lloyd G. Walton and his sister Elizabeth own 150 acres of the former William Walton estate.

Thomas was married three times: (a) Phoebe Murray,[62] daughter of Anthony and Mary (James) Murray.[63] (b) Nancy "Nannie" Ann Armistead, daughter of William and Frances (Anderson) Armistead[64] of Cumberland County. Nancy died at Bent Creek on Nov. 22, 1810.[65] Thomas Jr. married third to a woman named Martha, who was born circa 1760 [66] and died circa 1840 on the "Cove Farm" at Bent Creek. Martha's name appears on the Buckingham County personal property tax books beginning in 1817. She was head of her household on the 1820 census for Buckingham County. In 1830, it appears that she could have been in the household of her stepson William Walton. Martha's name is found in a Bent Creek account book, "Walton and Phelps Merchandise," March 20, 1829, "Col. Chick for rent of my plantation for the year 1828, $140."[67] She was alternately referred to as "old Mrs. Walton" and Martha in that book. According to land tax records for Appomattox County for the year 1850, 177 acres of the estate (widow's dower) of Thomas Walton had not been settled. Dr. David Crawford Jones' medical account book shows this entry for July 14, 1833, "To visit Jane's child at old Mrs. Waltons." Mrs. Martha Walton may have been the widow of Capt. Henry Christian who died about 1805 in Amherst County.[68] She appears to be the Martha Christian listed on the 1810 U. S. Census for Buckingham County. If so, Martha is believed to have been a daughter of Jonathan and Elizabeth (Christian) Patteson of New Kent and Lunenburg Counties, Virginia. However, The Richmond Enquirer, issue of Sept. 8, 1820, page 3, states that a Martha Christian died in Buckingham County on July 27, 1820 in her 72nd year. This could have been the Martha Patteson who married Henry Christian; hence, she would not have been the third wife of Thomas Walton Jr. More research needs to be done to identify Martha, the third wife of Thomas Walton Jr.

William Armistead, father-in-law of Thomas Walton Jr., disinherited the children of his daughter Nancy, for whatever reason. He wrote his will 1816 in Cumberland County; it was probated in 1823; and finalized in the 1824 term of court. Differences between the families may have played a role in Thomas Walton Jr. moving to Bent Creek in 1803. Armistead was a wealthy man with plenty of assets to divide among his descendants. In 1816, William Walton wrote a letter, below, to his grandfather Armistead about the inheritance and their relationship:[69]

 

Buckingham, Virginia

July 1, 1816

Dear Sir,

I have been Maturely thinking of the conversation that took place between you and myself the night I got to your place which you no doubt recollect--I have been led to believe that the cause of your telling me that you did not intend giving my deceased mother's children any part of your Estate, was, that I had visited you as you supposed with Expectations of you giving me something, & that I had no such expectations. I thought it a duty that I owed to you as well as to myself, knowing our relative situations to visit you whenever an opportunity would offer. I am rejoiced that I can anticipate a lively hope that your three discarded surviving grandchildren, the offspring of your deceased daughter in all probability will do as well, and be as much respected as the balance of your grandchildren whom you patronize and give your estate to.

I am Dr Sir Yrs respectfully,

(signed) William Walton

The children of Nancy (Armistead) Walton received only "$1 and no more." They filed an unsuccessful court suit in Cumberland County. It appears that William Armistead favored those grandchildren who were given the name Armistead, either their first or second name, and those who remained in Cumberland County.

Children of Thomas Jr. and Phoebe (Murray) Walton:

1. Martha Walton, born Dec. 2, 1766 in Cumberland County and died on Aug. 8, 1847 in Davie County, North Carolina. She married Walter Christian, son of Charles and Mary (Leake) Christian, July 1, 1783. Walter was born on Sept. 23, 1760 and died in August 1829.

2. Anthony Walton Sr. was born circa 1769 in Cumberland County and died in 1819 in Buckingham. Anthony married Rebecca Johnson, daughter of Daniel Johnson.

3. Robert Walton was born circa 1772 in Cumberland County and died in 1823 in Amherst County, Virginia. Robert married Mildred A. Armistead, daughter of William and Frances (Anderson) Armistead, Nov. 28, 1795. Mildred died before 1815, and Robert married second Elizabeth Wilson.

4. Elizabeth Walton was born circa 1775 and died on Aug. 28, 1837 in Cumberland County. It is believed that she married first William Walton on March 24, 1794 in Cumberland County. Thomas Walton gave consent for his daughter Elizabeth. She married second Robert Frayser of Cumberland County.

5. Nancy Ann Murray Walton [70] was born circa 1777. She married William Isbell, son of Lewis and Hannah (Anderson) Isbell, on Nov. 2, 1795 in Cumberland County. William was born on June 1, 1777 in Goochland County and died in 1853 in Buckingham County.

The document above was reproduced from the family Bible of William Walton. The death records say, "Nancy Walton wife of Thomas Walton departed this life the 22nd November in the year of our Lord 1810. Thomas Walton Sen. Departed this life the 21st day of November in the year of our Lord 1815."

Children of Thomas Jr. and Nancy (Arrnistead) Walton:

6. Phoebe Walton was born on Nov. 7, 1779 in Cumberland County and died on Dec. 19, 1852, in Lynchburg. She married Samuel Bransford.

7. Mary Walton was born circa 1780 and died about 1814.[71] She married John Harris Jr., son of John Sr. and Mary (Duiguid) Harris.[72] They lived near Bent Creek, Buckingham County, Virginia. Children of John Jr. and Mary (Walton) Harris: a. John A. Harris was born on July 9, 1813 at Bent Creek. He married Ann Maria Jordan, daughter of William C. and Mary A. (Franklin) Jordan.[73] b. Other children were indicated in the will of Mary's maternal grandmother (Armistead) in Cumberland County, Virginia.

8. Capt. William Walton was born on Sept. 18, 1782 in Cumberland County and died on Dec. 18, 1851 at Bent Creek. He married Elizabeth White Chick, daughter of Col. William and Elizabeth Chick of Bent Creek.

9. Frances Walton, born circa 1786 in Cumberland County, and died during the 1870s in Appomattox County. Frances married John Scruggs.

_____________________________

[59] Proven by the family Bible record of his son, William Walton, which is reproduced on page 40. [60] Cumberland County, Virginia Deed Book 4, pp.47-48. [61] Library of Virginia, "Scruggs Walton Childers" papers, No. __, includes indenture between John Elgin of Buckingham County for Thomas Walton of Cumberland County, Oct. 20, 1803, 1245 % for 1090. [62] Phoebe Murry (sic) is named by her daughter Martha Walton in her pension application for her husband Walter Christian (1760-1829). [63] Anthony Murray was deceased by May 25, 1762, when Mary Murray was listed as a widow. See Cumberland County, Virginia Order Book I, p. 503. [64] Parents of William Armistead were John Armistead, 1718/9-1769, and his wife Hannah Harrison, daughter of William and Elizabeth Harrison of Westmoreland County. William Armistead filed a will in 1816 and it was probated in 1823 in Cumberland County. See Will Book 8, pp. 304-307, 825-826, 886-887, and Will Book 9, pp. 42-45. Frances (Anderson) Armistead was born in 1744 and died in 1832. The Jan. 28, 1832 issue of The Richmond Whig said, "Died at her residence in the County of Cumberland, on the 20th instant (1832), Mrs. Frances Armistead in the 88th year of her age. She was a woman of a strong mind and industry." Children of William and Frances (Anderson) Armistead: (a) John Armistead married Mary A. Spencer, (b) James A. Armistead married Nannie Miller, (c) Hannah Armistead married John Miller, (d) Theodocia Armistead married the Rev. Jacob Levy Abraham, (e) Nancy Armistead married Thomas Walton Jr., (f) Mildred Armistead married Robert Walton, (g) Elizabeth Armistead married Charles Perrow, and (h) Frances Armistead married Pleasant Tucker who died in Noxubee County, Mississippi on April 22, 1854. See also Magazine of Virginia Genealogy, "Abraham, Anderson, Cary, Dabney, and Jennings," John C. Bell, Vol. 23, November 1985, pp. 28-41. Please note the error in that article; Nancy Armistead married Thomas Walton Jr., not William Walton. [65] Proven by the Bible record of William Walton, her son. The record states her name simply as Nancy Walton. The person who possesses the Walton Bible does not want to be identified in this publication. [66] The 1810 and 1820 censuses for Buckingham County list her as over 45 years old. The 1830 census shows a birth year range between 1760 and 1770. [67] Library of Virginia, Business Records, Miscellaneous Reel 253, Dr. David C. Jones, and Account Book 1827-1830, "Walton & Phelps," p. 35. [68] From family group sheet and research notes provided to the compiler by Carole Ruff of Leesburg, Virginia. She cites Arnherst County, Virginia Will Book 4, p. 174. [69] Letter was copied by Kent Gregory (1872-1950), and preserved in her "Genealogy Papers (Walton/Bransford), MS1288," Jones Memorial Library, Lynchburg, Virginia. Apparently the original letter was among the court papers on the settlement of William Armistead's estate. [70] Nancy's given name on the 1850 Census for Buckingham County was Ann. Information on Nancy M. (Walton) Isbell was contributed by Debra Tucker. Mary's (42 Third Generation [71] See The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 15, p. 293. See also Library of Virginia, Cumberland County Superior Court Judgments, 1823-1828, Box 33, loose papers. Also, the Cumberland County will of her grandfather, William Armistead indicates that she was deceased in 1816. [72] Death of John Harris Sr. was reported in The Lynchburg Virginian, Dec. 24, 1824, p. 3, col. 4. The death of Mary (Duiguid) Harris was reported in the Religious Herald, April 26, 1833. It stated her age as 83, which would give a birth year of 1750. She raised nine children, and was a member of Red Oak Baptist Church, now in Appomattox County. This information was provided by Mrs. Eleanor H. McCrae of Virginia Beach, Virginia. [73] Henry Morton Woodson, Historical Genealogy of the Woodsons, (Memphis, Tennessee), 1915, p. 676.

-- From "Waltons of Old Virginia" by Wilmer L. Kerns, Ph.D., pp. 37-42

More about Walton, Thomas Jr.:

Marriage: about 1765-00-00, Cumberland Co., VA. 1st wife: Phoebe Murray.

Unknown: Mormon Ancestral File #jv0p-j0 shows William Walton.

Children of unknown and Walton, Thomas Jr.

i. Walton, Martha. She was born on 1766-12-02 in Cumberland Co., VA. She died on 1847-08-08 in Davie Co., NC.

ii. Walton, Anthony Sr.. He was born about 1769-00-00 in Cumberland Co., VA. He died in 1819-00-00 in Buckingham Co., VA.

iii. Walton, Robert. He was born about 1772-00-00 in Cumberland Co., VA. He died in 1823-00-00 in Amherst Co., VA.

iv. Walton, Elizabeth. She was born about 1775-00-00 in Cumberland Co., VA. She died on 1837-08-28 in Cumberland Co., VA.

v. Walton, Nancy Ann Murray. She was born about 1777-00-00 in Cumberland Co., VA.

More about unknown and Walton, Thomas Jr.:

Marriage: about 1765-00-00, Cumberland Co., VA. 1st wife: Phoebe Murray.

25.         Armistead, Nancy (Nannie). Nancy (Nannie) was born about 1748-00-00 in Cumberland Co., VA. She died on 1810-11-22 in Bent Creek, Buckingham Co., VA at the age of 62 years. Nancy (Nannie) was the daughter of Armistead, William and Anderson, Frances. She married Walton, Thomas Jr. before 1783-00-00.

Notes for Armistead, Nancy (Nannie)

Per Wilmer L. Kerns Feb 18 2001.........Genforum #481 Nancy Armistead, daughter of William and Frances (Anderson) Armistead, died at Bent Creek Buckingham County on Nov 22 1810 and not on July 1 1816 as the LDS records state. Wilmer's source is the family Bible of William Walton, who was a son of Nancy (Armistead) Walton. Nancy was the second wife of Thomas Walton Jr.

Per Wilmer L. Kerns Feb 18 2001.....Genforum #482 The Bible record of William Walton States that his mother, Nancy (Armistead) Walton died at Bent Creek, Buckingham County VA on Nov 22 1810. Nancy was a daughter of William and Frances (Anderson) Armistead of Cumberland County, VA., and the wife of Thomas Walton Jr.

Per Wilmer L. Kerns March 3 2001...Genforum #486 in Reply to Carolyn Settle Don't have a birth year for Nancy (Armistead) Walton, but estimate the 1750s. Children of William Frances (Anderson) Armistead were: (a) John Armistead married Mary A. Spencer, (b) James A. Armistead married Nannie Miller (c) Hannah Armistead married John Miller, (d) Theodocia Armistead married the Rev. Jacob L. Abrams, (e) Nancy Armistead married Thomas Walton Jr., (f) Mildred Armistead married Robert Walton, (g) Elizabeth Armistead married Charles Perrow, and (h) Frances Armistead married Pleasant Tucker.

Parents of William Armistead were John Armistead (1718-1769) and his wife Elizabeth. William Armistead filed a will in 1816 and it was probated in 1823 Cumberland County. See Will Book 8, pp. 304-307, 825-826, 886-887, and Will Book 9, pp. 42-45. Frances (Anderson) Armistead was born 1744 and died in 1832.

Per John Armistead March 4 2001 Genforum #487 In Reply to Wilmer L. Kerns. Pardon me for jumping in. Have you seen the Virginia Genealogist, Vol. II? page 51 (John, page 58 (William), page 125 (Nancy). According to them, William was son of John Armistead and Hannah Harrison. The last name of Frances was not known.

On page 125:

E. Nancy Armistead, died in 1822, married William Walton.

Their children as identified by William Walton's Will and the Settlement of his Estate.

1. William Walton

2. Phoebe Walton, married Bransford

3. Frances Walton, married Robert Scruggs

4. Mary "Polly" Walton, married Harris.

Per Wilmer L.Kerns March 4 2001 Genforum #488 in Reply to John Armistead. It has been a long time since I read that in the VG and also the Will of William Armistead's wife filed in Cumberland County. I'd better look at the originals again to refresh myself before making comments. What I do know is that a Nancy Armistead (died on Nov 22 1810 of Cumberland County VA., married a Thomas Walton Jr.(1738-1815 of Cumberland County and they had a son named William Walton, born Sept 18 1872 in Cumberland County and died December 18 1851 at Bent Creek, Appomattox County VA., as copies from the Walton Family Bible. My interpretation of the Will of William Armistead's wife in Cumberland County (circa 1823...don't have exact date in front of me, was different than the VG. I will give a more precise explanation when I have the documents in hand.

Posted by John Harris (London) March 15 2001 Genforum #495 in Reply to Wilmer L. Kerns. My records show as follows: William Armistead - son of John Armistead and Hannah Harrison. William born c. 1741 - Will dated 7th May 1822 offered for Probate 25th August 1823. This will was contested. Upon appeal was upheld and finally recorded 6th May 1824 (contains a great deal of info) Married to Frances Anderson b. c. 1744. Her will 29th March 1829 proved 23rd Jan 1832. Identify's herself as "Fanny" Anderson relic of William Armistead. "At her residence in the County of Cumberland on the 20th inst (1832) after a short illness Mrs. Frances Armistead died in the 88th year of her age - she was a women of a strong mind and industry" (Richmond Whig, 29th Jan 1832 page 1.)

Children of Armistead, Nancy (Nannie) and Walton, Thomas Jr.

i. Walton, Phoebe. She was born on 1779-11-07 in Cumberland Co., VA. She died on 1852-12-19 in Lynchburg, VA.

ii. Walton, Mary. She was born in 1781-00-00 in Cumberland Co., VA. She died in 1814-00-00.

iii. Walton, William [12]. He was born on 1782-09-18 in Cumberland Co., VA. He died on 1851-12-18 in Bent Creek, Buckingham Co., VA.

iv. Walton, Frances. She was born about 1786-00-00 in Cumberland Co., VA. She died after 1870-00-00 in Appomattox Co., VA.

More about Armistead, Nancy (Nannie) and Walton, Thomas Jr.:

Marriage: before 1783-00-00. Marriage of Walton, Thomas, Jr. and Armistead, Nancy.

26.         Chick, William. He married , Elizabeth.

Notes for Chick, William

Col. William Chick, allegedly served in the Revolutionary War from Henrico County, Virginia and settled at Bent Creek during the War of 1812. However, he owned land at Bent Creek as early as 1792. In 1820, he was an enumerator for the U.S. Census for Buckingham county.[103]

___________________________

[103] One tradition says that Col. William Chick married Jean Ragland; another that he married Elizabeth White. No direct proof has been found to date, except that the William Walton Bible shows that William Chick's wife was named Elizabeth.

-- From "Waltons of Old Virginia" by Wilmer L. Kerns, Ph.D., p. 78

27.          , Elizabeth. She married Chick, William.

Notes for , Elizabeth

William Chick's wife Elizabeth was possibly nee White. Dr. David C. Jones, son-in-law of William Walton, recorded in his medical account book a visit on Nov. 11, 1834 with Mrs. Andrew White of Bent Creek. Furthermore, Dr. Jones sat up with her for several nights in January 1835, which suggests a severe illness or impending death. Further research showed no relationship with this branch of Whites.

_____________________________

We hypothesized that the maiden name of Elizabeth White Chick's mother was White, but found no evidence in the Buckingham area. Andrew White, who lived at Bent Creek, was born on March 13, 1789 at Dunse, Berwick County, Scotland, and died in 1870 at Bent Creek. He married Margaret Ferguson. There appears to have been no connection between these two White families.

-- From "Waltons of Old Virginia" by Wilmer L. Kerns, Ph.D., p. 78

Children of , Elizabeth and Chick, William

i. Chick, Elizabeth White [13]. She was born on 1790-09-30. She died on 1844-06-05.

28.         Greenlee, John. John was born on 1738-10-04 in Rockbridge Co., VA. He died in 1798-00-00 in Morgantown, Burke Co., NC at the age of 60 years. John was the son of Greenlee, James and McDowell, Mary Elizabeth. He married McClanahan, Hannah in 1760-00-00 in Salem, Roanoke Co., VA.

Notes for Greenlee, John

JOHN GREENLEE, son of James Greenlee and Mary E. McDowell, was born October 4, 1783 in Rockbridge Co., Virginia; died near Morganton, North Carolina, at the home of his brother James; married in 1767 or 1768 at the "old house" on Cedar Creek, above Natural Bridge, HANNAH McCLANAHAN who was born at Salem, Roanoke Co., Virginia, died in Abbeville, South Carolina and was buried there, daughter of Colonel Elijah McClanahan and Ann Ewing.

JOHN GREENLEE was the first white child born on Borden's Grant, and from early youth received all the advantages of education to be had in the early days, including a classical school taught by Robert Alexander. After his marriage he resided at "Clover Hill" one of the handsome estates which he had inherited from his father, and upon which he continued to reside for many years. The deed or grant of this estate was signed by King George and the land had never been transferred until the sale of the farm for division among the heirs of his son James. He was the high sheriff of Rockbridge County under the Colonial government in the reign of King George III, and had to ride one hundred and eighty miles to Richmond, Virginia to make his report and pay the taxes he had collected. He espoused the cause of the Colonies and aided in establishing the new government.

- From "Genealogy of the Greenlee Families in America, Scotland, Ireland and England" (p. 229)

John's oldest daughter, Mary E. Greenlee, married her first cousin, John Mitchell Greenlee (son of James Greenlee & Mary Mitchel, grandson of James Greenlee & Mary E. McDowell), and had two children: I. James Hervey, born August 23, 1811; married Mary Jane Greenlee; married second Frances B. Morrison.+ II. Hannah Ann Eliza, born January 26, 1815; married Samuel Flemming.+

JAMES HERVEY GREENLEE spent his youthful days on his father's farm, with the exception of the time he was in school which was very irregular. His parents had a place near Morganton, then the county seat of Burke County, where they spent a portion of their time, and then he attended school. When his parents went to their Turkey Cove farm he was left alone with the servants in order to pursue his studies. Thus he spent many weeks with not another white person around him, but he was always carefully watched over by the servants. It was finally concluded that he was too young to be left alone, so from then on his schooling suffered many interruptions. He afterward attended Washington College at Lexington, Virginia, where he remained fifteen months, then returned to his father's farm, which he managed for a share of the products. After two years spent in this capacity, he was given a farm by his father, but continued to make his home with his parents as long as they lived. Having been reared in a grand old southern home noted for kindness and hospitality, where not only friends and relatives but also strangers received a welcome, he grew up with those ideas and principles, and when he established a home of his own the latch string was always out.

In 1861 Mr. Greenlee was a delegate to the state convention that took North Carolina out of the Union. While he did not approve of this act, thinking that there might be a better plan, still when his state went that way he went with her and did his part to help prepare for the conflict. Of slaves and slavery he had the following to say: "I had over thirty slaves--all good and faithful. I would often leave things in their charge and they took good care. Some could read and write a tolerably legible hand, and keep ordinary accounts. Some were members of the church, and I would gather them together on a Sabbath, read to them and instruct them about the future and their responsibility to their Maker. Some were impressed, others seemed unmoved. In this part of the country slaves were well treated, fed, and clothed. There was probably some rigid treatment where there were large numbers on a plantation, and where it required rigid treatment to keep all straight and in their places. I do not think emancipation has been such a boon for the colored race in this land. What would they have been in their native land--Africa? I never was a great advocate of slavery, but I believe that the question of slavery, if justice and righteousness had ruled, could have been more satisfactorily adjusted, without the loss of the thousands of precious lives and the millions of money." The following is a copy of a letter written to Mr. Greenlee while absent from home, by his chief slave:

"Turkey Cove, March 24, 1865.

Master--Sir : I will write you a few lines to let you know that we are all well at present, except George; he is complaining some since he came home. I started the wagon the 14th of this month with a load to you what I thought they could haul, but they broke down before they got to the river and then was water-bound for several days and had to come home and started again last Monday from home and met George there. He went to Muddy Creek and came back and said that he was not well enough to take the wagon on and John went in his place, and Tag is working in John's place. I do not know what they hauled. I sent 53 pieces of bacon to Miss Sallie, weighed 900 lbs., 22 hams, 12 shoulders, 13 midlings. I reckon John and Madison took what they thought they could get along with. Last Wednesday, the 22nd, the Tories came and paid us another visit, but as Providence would have it, they got nothing. They came at noon day. Jiff and Isaac were hauling some wood with the black mare and Jinny and I had borrowed Milford Huskins mule to haul with that day and had hauled a few loads; when they came we were loosing out to feed and they run to the stable and made Isaac take out the mare and mule and they mounted them with the gears on and took Isaac with them. Threw down the fence and went up through the new ground up Pinks Branch, but Captain Gilliam happened to be at the old store with a few men when the alarm was made and they followed them and fired on them in the Tobacco patch. The Tories jumped off their horses let them and Isaac all go and cleared themselves. The same evening the same scamps went to Hallefield and took his mare out of the plough, then went to his father's and took his saddle and his boy's hat and went on. I did not see them at all. I was at the mill and saw the men run up from the store and I ran up to the house to see what was on foot. But the Tories were gone. They came in on the blind side of us. This time they came down the ridge to the shops. Liander and Carson were there at work at their wagon wheels and the first thing they knew were at the shops. Elijah Wacaster was in the crowd as guide for them through the mountains; some of them were there before. I do not know what we will do. We can't do nothing here for the Tories. If our horses had been at home they would have taken them all if those men had not been there. Capt. Carson has come back with some of his men, but they are in the North Cove and there is no man guarding in the Turkey Cove at all. I would be very glad if you would come home and see about things. K. C. Burgess was here some time ago and wanted to know the amount of pork we killed. Some person ought to come and take the tallig off the bacon before the Tories steal it. I do not know what we will do. I must close saying that you must do the best you can and we will do the same. All the black people send "howdy" at you and the children Charles, Emeline, Alvin and hlariah. Farewell, in haste, I remain as ever.

WARWICK GREENLEE.

"Addressed to

Mr. James H. Greenlee,

Davidson College, N. C."

The slaves were all very much attached to Mr. Greenlee and after they were free would always visit him when they came near.

Mr. Greenlee was an elder in the Presbyterian church for sixty years, from August 30, 1845. He was one of the principal contributors in building and supporting Turkey Cove Church, organized May 30, 1886. He gave liberally of his means to all religious causes, both home and foreign. The furnishing of a room in the new Seminary at Richmond dedicated to his mother was among the last of his benefactions.

Physically robust, he was more so mentally and when in congenial company was interesting and instructive in his conversation. He retained all his faculties and was only troubled during his last by dullness of the sense of hearing. He was blessed with wonderful eyesight and memory, was very studious and spent the greater part of his later life in reading.

In the summer of 1904, he with his son and family took quite an extensive mountain trip, very tedious and rough, but he was in remarkable spirits and pronounced the affair one of the most enjoyable of all his life. He had planned another for the following year and had engaged his drivers and cook.

Although well read, interested and in touch with public matters he did not participate therein, other than in the capacity of a sturdy citizen. He was a very active man and always transacted his business in person. It was while he was on a trip to Johnson City to buy horses that he was stricken with paralysis, but he retained his mental faculties unclouded until a few hours before the end. He died in his 94th gear at his Turkey Cove farm, within sight of the place where he first saw the light.

There are two striking things to mark his character. First his determination to do right. If a thing seemed right in his mind it was marked for accomplishment and the whole force of his indomitable will and wonderful vitality was brought to bear upon it. The other was his deep reverence for God, for his house, his worship, his service. When he was too ill to make himself understood by those who watched him, he could be heard to utter one continual prayer. He lived the "simple life" in its truest sense and left an impress and example which appeals to all good men even in the rush and turmoil of modern progress.

- From "Genealogy of the Greenlee Families in America, Scotland, Ireland and England" (pp. 248-251)

29.         McClanahan, Hannah. Hannah was born about 1752-00-00 in Salem, Roanoke Co., VA. She died about 1798-00-00 in Abbyville, SC at the age of 46 years. Hannah was the daughter of McClanahan, Elijah and Owens, Ann Ewing. She married Greenlee, John in 1760-00-00 in Salem, Roanoke Co., VA.

Notes for McClanahan, Hannah

HANNAH McCLANAHAN, when a little girl, escaped during an Indian massacre, in which her father's family were the victims. She hid under a foot log across a creek nearby which the savages passed and repassed several times looking for her.

When they were very old she and her husband undertook a visit on horseback to one of their sons who lived in southern Georgia. On their return she took sick and died. He pursued his lonely way toward home, but when in North Carolina he too sickened and died.

- From "Genealogy of the Greenlee Families in America, Scotland, Ireland and England" (pp. 229-230)

Children of McClanahan, Hannah and Greenlee, John

i. Greenlee, James. He was born on 1768/9-01-27 in Rockbridge Co., VA. He died on 1840-04-20 in Greenlee's Ferry, Rockbridge Co., VA.

ii. Greenlee, Elijah. He was born on 1772-03-02.

iii. Greenlee, John. He was born on 1774-01-25. He died in Kentucky.

iv. Greenlee, Mary E.. She was born on 1776/7-09-12 in Natural Bridge, Rockbridge Co., VA. She died on 1840-11-14 in Turkey Cove, NC.

v. Greenlee, William. He was born on 1779-07-17. He died in Lexington, Rockbridge Co., VA.

vi. Greenlee, David [14]. He was born on 1781/2-02-12 in Natural Bridge, Rockbridge Co., VA. He died on 1850-04-14 in Natural Bridge, Rockbridge Co., VA.

vii. Greenlee, Samuel. He was born on 1785-09-17. He died on 1823-04-23 in Georgia.

More about McClanahan, Hannah and Greenlee, John:

Marriage: 1760-00-00, Salem, Roanoke Co., VA. Marriage of Greenlee, John and McClanahan, Hannah.

30.         Grigsby, Elisha. Elisha was born on 1774-05-17 in Culpepper Co., VA. He died on 1847-05-24 in Luray, VA at the age of 73 years. Elisha was the son of Grigsby, John and Porter, Elizabeth. He married Porter, Elizabeth Hawkins on 1798-05-27 in Orange Co., VA10.

31.         Porter, Elizabeth Hawkins. Elizabeth Hawkins was born on 1778-09-24. She died on 1843-09-01 at the age of 65 years. Elizabeth Hawkins was the daughter of Porter, Abner and Ingram, Hannah. She married Grigsby, Elisha on 1798-05-27 in Orange Co., VA10.

Children of Porter, Elizabeth Hawkins and Grigsby, Elisha

i. Grigsby, Abner Porter. He was born on 1798-09-18. He died on 1861-04-04.

ii. Grigsby, Hannah Ingram [15]. She was born on 1800-07-26 in Lexington, Rockbridge Co., VA. She died on 1862-11-10 in Natural Bridge, Rockbridge Co., VA.

iii. Grigsby, John Trimble. He was born in 1803-00-00. He died in 1836-00-00.

iv. Grigsby, Eliza Porter.

v. Grigsby, Berlinda S..

vi. Grigsby, Frances Jane.

More about Porter, Elizabeth Hawkins and Grigsby, Elisha:

Marriage: 1798-05-27, Orange Co., VA10. Marriage of Grigsby, Elisha and Porter, Elizabeth Hawkins.

Generation 6

32.         Cook, Andrew. Andrew died about 1778-00-00. He married Means, Mary Dinwiddie.

Notes for Cook, Andrew

2:309 - Bedford Co., Va. dated 25 Nov 1776

I leave half of my land to my son Jemes and the other half of it to my son John and to my son-in-law Thomas Merten seven pounds when my son John is 18 years of ae, and to my daughter Isabel five pounds when John is 18 years of age, and to my daughter Merey five pounds when John is above the age and my son Daniel three pounds when my son John is above the age, and the ramainder of my movable estate to my beloved wife during her widowhood, this to be equally divied amongst all my children.

Executors: beloved wife and David Rankin

Teste: Nathaniel tanner, EXX: Mary Cook, Security: James Dixon , liberty being reserved for the other executor named in said will to join in the probate when he shall think fit.

2:312 -13 Andrew Cook Inventory and Appraisail (Andru Couke) dated 3 Aug 1778

household furniture, livestock, farm equpment, Appraisers: Willialm Aker, Archibald Campbell, Vincent Glass - returned 24 Aug 1778

33.         Means, Mary Dinwiddie. She married Cook, Andrew.

Children of Means, Mary Dinwiddie and Cook, Andrew

i. Cook, Elizabeth [17]. She was born in 1742-00-00. She died in 1827-00-00.

ii. Cook, James.

34.         Cardwell, William. William was born on 1737-06-05 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England. He died on 1773-06-22 in Briestwisle, England at the age of 36 years. He was buried on 1773-06-22 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England. William was the son of Cardwell, John and Wainwright, Martha. He married of Hostingly, Mary about 1759-00-00 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England.

More about Cardwell, William:

Baptism: 1737-06-05, Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England.

Burial: 1773-06-22, Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England.

35.         of Hostingly, Mary. Mary was born about 1740-00-00 in Hostingly, Yorkshire, England. She died on 1806-03-09 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England at the age of 66 years. She married Cardwell, William about 1759-00-00 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England.

More about of Hostingly, Mary:

Married Name: Mary Cardwell

Children of of Hostingly, Mary and Cardwell, William

i. Cardwell, William. He was born in 1760-00-00.

ii. Cardwell, Robert Allen (Robin) [18]. He was born in 1762-00-00 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England. He died on 1839-02-14 in Concord, VA.

iii. Cardwell, Jonathan. He was born in 1764-00-00.

More about of Hostingly, Mary and Cardwell, William:

Marriage: about 1759-00-00, Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England. Marriage of Cardwell, William & Mary of Hostingly.

36.         Fields, Andrew. Andrew was born about 1750-00-00 in Probably PA. He died on 1779-05-11 in Bedford Co, VA at the age of 29 years. Andrew was the son of Fields, John and Milbert, Sarah. He married Galbreath, Margaret about 1768-00-00.

Notes for Fields, Andrew

John FIELDS [sometimes spelled FIELD] married Sarah MILBERT and one of their children was Andrew FIELDS, born circa 1750/3 in Virginia and diedin Campbell County, Virginia circa 1794 raising his own barn. He married Margaret GALBRAITH [GALBREATH] who born circa 1754 in Northampton County, Pennsylvania and died in Campbell County, Virginia in 1835. She isburied in the HUNTER family cemetery, now in Appomattox County, Virginia. Andrew lived in Pennsylvania and with his father-in-law Alexander GALBREATH, moved to Virginia and bought land in Buckingham County Virginia and then in 1779 moved to Bedford County, Virginia and bought land surrounding the juncture of Reedy Creek and Big Falling River in what isnow Appomattox County, Virginia. His farm was located slightly up-riveron the Falling River above Spring Mills. The allotment of his land isfound in Campbell County, Virginia WB 1. Andrew gave some of his land tohis son-in-law, Benjamin HUNTER. Andrew died while raising his own barn. There is a family story that the FIELDS family had to leave Pennsylvania because of Indian uprisings. The British were inciting the Indiansto attack settlers all along the frontier per their Revolutionary Warstrategy and Andrew FIELDS was told by a friendly Indian that their stockade was to be burned one night. They took what they could carry and fled to the south and as they looked back, they could see the flames of the burning stockade. Andrew FIELDS served in the Revolutionary War in the Virginia Militia as an Ensign. His Captain was Thomas HELM and his Lieutenant was James DINWIDDIE. The regiment assembled at Tory Island inthe Staunton [Roanoke] River in present day Charlotte County, Virginiaand marched to North Carolina where it fought in the battle of Guilford Courthouse. See the family of Sampson EVANS.

More about Fields, Andrew:

Relocated: 1779-00-00, from PA to VA.

37.         Galbreath, Margaret. Margaret was born in 1754-00-00 in Northampton Co, PA. She died in 1835-00-00 in Campbell Co., VA at the age of 81 years. She was buried in 1835-00-00 in Hunter-Marshal Family Graveyard, Rt 679. Margaret was the daughter of Galbraith, Alexander and Miller, Agnes Nancy. She married Fields, Andrew about 1768-00-00.

Notes for Galbreath, Margaret

Margaret GALBRAITH born circa 1754 in Northampton County, Pennsylvania and died in Campbell County, Virginia in 1835. She is buried in the HUNTER family cemetery, now in Appomattox County, Virginia. She married Andrew FIELDS born circa 1750 and died in Campbell County, Virginia circa 1784. He was the son of John FIELDS and Sarah Milbert. See the HUNTER and FIELDS families. Issue 10.

More about Galbreath, Margaret:

Burial: 1835-00-00, Hunter-Marshal Family Graveyard, Rt 679.

Census: 1830-00-00, Campbell Co., VA.

Children of Galbreath, Margaret and Fields, Andrew

i. Fields, Mary [23]. She was born about 1768-00-00 in Campbell Co., VA. She died after 1795-00-00 in Campbell Co., VA.

ii. Fields, Rachel. She was born in 1770-00-00.

iii. Fields, Isabel. She was born in 1779-00-00 in Campbell Co., VA.

iv. Fields, Elizabeth. She was born about 1780-00-00 in Bedford Co, VA. She died on 1855-04-18 in Falling River, Appomattox Co, VA.

v. Fields, Daniel. He was born in 1781-00-00.

vi. Fields, Nancy. She was born in 1781-00-00.

vii. Fields, Martha. She was born about 1785-00-00.

viii. Fields, Hanner. He was born in 1785-00-00.

ix. Fields, Margaret. She was born in 1785-00-00.

x. Fields, Jemima H.. She was born in 1786-00-00.

xi. Fields, Sarah. She was born in 1789-00-00.

xii. Fields, Melinda. She was born in 1790-00-00.

More about Galbreath, Margaret and Fields, Andrew:

Marriage: about 1768-00-00. Marriage of Fields, Andrew and Galbreath, Margaret.

38.         Walton, Thomas Sr. Thomas was born about 1703/4-02-20 in New Kent Co., VA. He died on 1772-04-27 in Cumberland Co., VA at the age of 69 years. Thomas was the son of Walton, Edward Jr. and , Elizabeth. He married Cox, Martha in 1734-00-00 in Cumberland Co., VA.

Notes for Walton, Thomas Sr.

Thomas Walton Sr., son of Edward Jr. and Elizabeth Walton was baptized Feb. 20, 1703/1704 in St. Peter's Parish, New Kent County, Virginia, and died in 1772 in Cumberland County, Virginia.[20] In 1734, Thomas married Martha Cox, daughter of George and Martha Cox of Henrico County, Virginia.[21] Martha (Cox) Walton's will was dated June 6, 1798 and probated on Aug. 27, 1798.[22] The father of Martha (Cox) Walton was George Cox, son of Bartholomew and Rebecca Cox.[23] There were two contemporary George Coxes who married women named Martha.[24] This George Cox's wife Martha (maiden name not known but not nee Stratton), and he left a will and died in 1728. After his death, his widow Martha married second Isaac Hughes.[25]

Researchers have sometimes confused this Thomas Walton with Thomas Walton, 1736-1789, who was a son of John and Rebecca (Person) Walton of Brunswick County.[26] Our Thomas did not serve in the Brunswick County Militia.

Thomas Walton was a large landowner. On June 26, 1731, he purchased 400 acres on Muddy Creek, on the south side of the James River, in what was then Goochland County.[27] It is believed that this land was located in what is now Cumberland and Powhatan Counties. This parcel of land was adjacent to Ashford Hughes and to his brother William Walton. Sept. 15, 1741, Thomas Walton Sr. of St. James' Parish, bought 200 acres from Joseph Ballenger, who was from a Quaker family up north. This land was located along the south side of the Fluvanna River in Goochland County.[28] March 16, 1742, Thomas Sr. purchased 675 acres from John Alexander, also located on Muddy Creek along the south side of the James River, Goochland County.[29]

Some of these lands were sold within a couple of years, to wit: on Nov. 16, 1742, 200 acres located along Deep Run of Muddy was sold to John Creasley and William Palmer.[30] On Oct. 18, 1743, Thomas and Martha Walton sold 475 acres to John Alexander.[31] These two tracts were the totality of the 675 acres mentioned above.

Thomas and Martha then sold, June 19, 1744, the 200-acre Ballenger tract to Mrs. Judith Ware.[32] That Goochland County land later fell into Buckingham County, described as being "opposite the seven islands" on the Fluvanna River. Judith (Scott) Ware was born on Dec. 4, 1728 in New Kent County (Parish Register), and died in Buckingham County in October 1785. She married second Samuel Jordan in 1744,[33] who was born in 1715 and died in 1789.[34]

On Sept. 23, 1765, in Cumberland County, Thomas Sr. made a "deed of gift" to his son Thomas Walton Jr.[35] of 250 acres on both sides of Deep Run of Muddy Creek, "beginning at Carter's Ferry along Harrison's line."

Children of Thomas Sr. and Martha (Cox) Walton:[36]

1. Elizabeth Walton, born circa 1737, married Jesse Miller on March 1, 1758 in Cumberland County. His will was filed in Powhatan County on Feb. 23, 1804.

2. Martha "Patty" Walton was born circa 1738, and died in 1794. She married Edward Mosby in May of 1755.[37] On April 24, 1758, Thomas Walton Sr. made a "deed of gift to Patty Mosby, wife of Edward Mosby." Their children: Hezekiah Mosby, Elizabeth Mosby married John B. Carter, Martha "Patty" Mosby married John B. Bradley, Thomas Mosby, and Agnes Mosby married her first cousin, Thomas G. Walton. Edward Mosby died by 1769,[38] and Martha married second John Peter Bondurant.[39]

3. George Walton was born circa 1740 and died intestate in Cumberland County circa 1817.[40] He married Margaret Tabb in Buckingham County on Nov. 22, 1759.

4. Thomas Walton Jr. was born circa 1742 and died at Bent Creek, Buckingham County, on Nov. 21, 1815. Thomas Jr. married first Phoebe Murray, daughter of Anthony and Mary (James) Murray. He married second Nancy Armistead, and married third Martha, whose maiden name has not been proven.

5. Josiah Walton Sr. was born circa 1744, probably in Goochland County, and died in Cumberland County, about 1776. He married Jane Flippen, daughter of Ralph and Martha (Scott) Flippen.

6. Edward Walton was born circa 1747, and died in Cumberland County on Oct. 2, 1807. He married Nancy Murray.

7. Robert Walton was born Sept. 25, 1749 and died July 24, 1837, in Powhatan County. Robert married Mary Hobson Nov. 20, 1769.

__________________________________

[20] Cumberland County, Virginia Will Book 2, pp. 54-55. [21] Hopkins of Virginia and Related Families, pp. 114-117. [22] Cumberland County, Virginia Will Book 3, p. 122. [23] Virginia M. Meyer and John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person, (Order of the First Families of Virginia), 3rd edition, 1987, pp. 211-215. [24] Elaine W. Gordon, 3719 Hunters Circle, San Antonio, letter to the compiler, dated May 25, 1997, flagged an error passed down by Walton researchers. The George Cox, who married Martha Stratton, died in 1728. See Henrico County, Virginia Miscellaneous Court Records I, p. 183. This George Cox of Henrico County was an uncle of Martha Cox who married Thomas Walton. The will of Martha (Stratton) Cox was written on Oct. 17, 1729, and probated in June 1734. See Henrico County, Virginia Wills and Deeds, 1725-1737, p. 443. [25] Proven by the will of Martha Hughes, Cumberland County, Virginia Will Book 2, p. 7, dated Sept. 8, 1769. She named three children: (a) George Cox, (b) Henry Cox, and (c) Martha (Cox) Walton. [26] John Frederick Doman, Adventurers of Purse and Person: VIRGINIA, 1607-1624/5, (Baltimore Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company), 2004, Vol I, pp. 743-744. Dorman's error may be attributed to his source: William and Mary College Quarterly Historical Magazine, 2nd series, Vol VI, p. 345. [27] Virginia Land Patent Book 14, Library of Virginia, p. 174. [28] Goochland County Wills and Deeds, 1736-1742, Deed Book 3, p 472. Robert Walton, who was probably William's older brother, witnessed the deed. [29] Ibid. p. 517 [30] Goochland County, Virginia Deed Rook 4, p. 89. [31] Ibid p. 335. [32] Ibid p. 404. [33] William and Mary College Quarterly Historical Magazine, Vol. 7, No. 2. (Oct., 1898), p. 98. [34] Mary B. Warren (compiler), Virginia's District Courts, 1789-1809: Records of the Prince Edward District: Buckingham, Charlotte, Cumberland, Halifax, and Prince Edward Counties, (Danielsville, Georgia: Heritage Papers), 1991, p. 31. [35] Cumberland County, Virginia Deed Book 4, pp. 47-48. This land was part of 500 acres that Thomas Walton purchased of William Elliott on May 25, 1762. [36] The ordinal list of children is from his will, her will, and from Historical Genealogy of the Woodsons, Memphis, Tennessee, 1915, p. 308: the latter alone mentions a Thesius Walton. Dr. Peter McDearmon Witt of Richmond, Virginia suggests that "Thesius" Walton was a scribal error for Thos=Thomas. [37] Cumberland County, Virginia Order Book, date of marriage proven by court depositions taken on April 24, 1758. The essence of the deposition was to determine the ownership of slaves given by Thomas Walton Sr. to the Mosby's. [38] Cumberland County, Virginia Will Book 2, p. 3, contains an inventory and appraisal of Edward Mosby's estate, Oct. 23, 1769. [39] Cumberland County, Virginia Will Book 21, Aug. 28, 1775, p. 187. [40] Appraisal of estate of George Walton is found in Cumberland County Will Book 6, p. 105. The sheriff was appointed administrator of the estate, according to Cumberland County, Virginia Order Book 1815-1818, p. 195.

-- From "Waltons of Old Virginia" by Wilmer L. Kerns, Ph.D., pp. 15-19

---------------------------------------------

Note: Information received from LDS Ancestral File Dec 6 1999 on the Walton Family. Family Tree Vol 9 #2377, Descendants of Thomas Walton; estimated some dates.

Thomas Walton married Martha Cox. Thomas and Martha lived in Goochland County, which became Cumberland County, VA. Thomas' great, great, great grandfather arrived at Jamestown in 1620; but does not list his father or before.

Listed is one child only, William Thomas Walton, who married Nancy Armistead, daughter of William Armistead and Frances; says that Nancy died Abt 1816 in VA.

Listed one child for William and Nancy Armistead Walton, Phoebe Walton born 1780 VA, died December 19 1852 Lynchburg, Campbell Co., VA. Phoebe Walton married Samuel Bransford in 1808 in Lynchburg, Campbell County VA; he was the son of John Bransford and Judith Ammonet. He was born Aug 14 1778 in King William Parish VA and died Nov 3 1837 in Lynchburg, Campbell Co. Va.

Listed is one child Ann Phoebe Bransford, born Feb 15 1812 Lynchburg, VA, died May 18 1876 Lynchburg, VA; married John Henley Tyree Oct 14 1828 in Lynchburg, VA, son of Richard and Mildred Douglas Tyree. He was born Sept 15 1806 in Lynchburg, VA and died Feb 9 1876 in Lynchburg, VA.

Register of St. Peter's Parish, pages 41-60, New Kent Co., VA, pg 44 Thomas son of Edwd Walton baptiz. ye 20 Febry., 1703-4.

-- From Sharlee L Farrell's GEDCOM @ RootsWeb.com

More about Walton, Thomas Sr.:

Baptism: 1703/4-02-20, St. Peter's Parish, New Kent Co., VA4.

Unknown: Mormon Ancestral File #3856-F7.

39.         Cox, Martha. Martha was born in 1720-00-00 in Cumberland Co., VA. She died in 1798-00-00 in Cumberland Co., VA at the age of 78 years. Martha was the daughter of Cox, George and , Martha. She married Walton, Thomas Sr. in 1734-00-00 in Cumberland Co., VA.

Notes for Cox, Martha

Note: Information received from the LDS Ancestral File Dec 6 1999

More about Cox, Martha:

Unknown: Mormon Ancestral File #C4LK-PG.

Children of Cox, Martha and Walton, Thomas Sr.

i. Walton, Elizabeth. She was born about 1737-00-00 in Cumberland Co., VA.

ii. Walton, Martha (Patty). She was born about 1738-00-00 in Cumberland Co., VA. She died in 1794-00-00.

iii. Walton, George. He was born about 1740-00-00 in Cumberland Co., VA. He died about 1817-01-00 in Cumberland Co., VA.

iv. Walton, Thomas Jr. [24]. He was born about 1742-00-00 in Cumberland Co., VA. He died on 1815-11-21 in Bent Creek, Buckingham Co., VA.

v. Walton, Edward. He was born about 1747-00-00 in Cumberland Co., VA. He died on 1807-10-02 in Cumberland Co., VA.

vi. Walton, Josiah. He was born about 1744-00-00 in Goochland Co., VA. He died about 1776-00-00 in Cumberland Co., VA.

vii. Walton, Robert. He was born on 1749-09-25 in Cumberland Co., VA. He died on 1837-07-24 in Powhatan Co., VA.

More about Cox, Martha and Walton, Thomas Sr.:

Marriage: 1734-00-00, Cumberland Co., VA. Marriage of Walton, Thomas and Cox, Martha.

40.         Armistead, William. William was born about 1741-00-00. He died about 1823-00-00 at the age of 82 years. William was the son of Armistead, John and Harrison, Hannah. He married Anderson, Frances.

Notes for Armistead, William

Posted by John Harris (London) March 15 2001 Genforum #495 in Reply to Wilmer L. Kerns. My records show as follows: William Armistead - son of John Armistead and Hannah Harrison. William born c. 1741 - Will dated 7th May 1822 offered for Probate 25th August 1823. This will was contested. Upon appeal was upheld and finally recorded 6th May 1824 (contains a great deal of info) Married to Frances Anderson b. c. 1744. Her will 29th March 1829 proved 23rd Jan 1832. Identify's herself as "Fanny" Anderson relic of William Armistead. "At her residence in the County of Cumberland on the 20th inst (1832) after a short illness Mrs. Frances Armistead died in the 88th year of her age - she was a women of a strong mind and industry" (Richmond Whig, 29th Jan 1832 page 1.)

----------------------------------------------------

Parents of William Armistead were John Armistead, 1718/9-1769, and his wife Hannah Harrison, daughter of William and Elizabeth Harrison of Westmoreland County. William Armistead filed a will in 1816 and it was probated in 1823 in Cumberland County. See Will Book 8, pp. 304-307, 825-826, 886-887, and Will Book 9, pp. 42-45.

-- From "Waltons of Old Virginia" by Wilmer L. Kerns, Ph.D., p. 38

41.         Anderson, Frances. Frances was born in 1744-00-00. She died in 1832-00-00 at the age of 88 years. She married Armistead, William.

Notes for Anderson, Frances

Frances (Anderson) Armistead was born in 1744 and died in 1832. The Jan. 28, 1832 issue of The Richmond Whig said, "Died at her residence in the County of Cumberland, on the 20th instant (1832), Mrs. Frances Armistead in the 88th year of her age. She was a woman of a strong mind and industry." Children of William and Frances (Anderson) Armistead: (a) John Armistead married Mary A. Spencer, (b) James A. Armistead married Nannie Miller, (c) Hannah Armistead married John Miller, (d) Theodocia Armistead married the Rev. Jacob Levy Abraham, (e) Nancy Armistead married Thomas Walton Jr., (f) Mildred Armistead married Robert Walton, (g) Elizabeth Armistead married Charles Perrow, and (h) Frances Armistead married Pleasant Tucker who died in Noxubee County, Mississippi on April 22, 1854. See also Magazine of Virginia Genealogy, "Abraham, Anderson, Cary, Dabney, and Jennings," John C. Bell, Vol. 23, November 1985, pp. 28-41. Please note the error in that article; Nancy Armistead married Thomas Walton Jr., not William Walton.

-- From "Waltons of Old Virginia" by Wilmer L. Kerns, Ph.D., p. 38

Children of Anderson, Frances and Armistead, William

i. Armistead, John.

ii. Armistead, James A..

iii. Armistead, Hannah.

iv. Armistead, Theodocia.

v. Armistead, Nancy (Nannie) [25]. She was born about 1748-00-00 in Cumberland Co., VA. She died on 1810-11-22 in Bent Creek, Buckingham Co., VA.

vi. Armistead, Mildred.

vii. Armistead, Elizabeth.

viii. Armistead, Frances.

42.         Greenlee, James. James was born in 1707-00-00 in North Ireland. He died in 1757-00-00 in Pennsylvania at the age of 50 years. He married McDowell, Mary Elizabeth in 1736-00-00 in Carlisle, PA9.

Notes for Greenlee, James

JAMES GREENNLEE was born in 1707; died in the summer of 1757 in Pennsylvania, at the home of Mrs. Femme, or Fane, while on a business trip; married in 1736 at Carlisle, Pennsylvania, MARY ELIZABETH McDOWELL who was born November 17,1711 in Ireland, died March 15, 1809 aged 97 years, 3 months, 29 days, in Rockbridge Co., Virginia, daughter of Ephraim McDowell and Margaret Irvine. 9 children, all born in Rockbridge County.

JAMES GREENLEE came from the north of Ireland with Ephraim McDowell and family, about 1727-29. They landed in Delaware and went from there to Pennsylvania. John Lewis, a relative of Ephraim McDowell, had left Ireland some years before, and about 1732 settled on the Middle River in the Shenandoah Valley, in what was known as Beverly Manor, near the present town of Stanton, where he obtained patents for a large tract of land. Ephraim McDowell, with his sons John and James, and son-in-law James Greenlee, left Pennsylvania in the fall of 1737 to go to Lewis, near whom they intended to locate. The long journey was made with regular camp equipments. Tents were provided, numerous pack-horses, and each member of the family rode on horseback. While on their way, when in camp on Lewis' Creek, a tributary of the South River, they were joined one night by Benjamin Borden, Sr., who offered one thousand acres of land to any one who would conduct him to his grant. This offer was promptly accepted. The men conveyed their families to the home of John Lewis, and then piloted Borden to what has since been known as "Borden's Grant," covering much of Augusta and Rockbridge counties. In consideration of a liberal share of the claim, the McDowells and James Greenlee then undertook to assist in carrying out Borden's contract for him, and before the close of the year moved their own families to the grant, where they permanently settled, being the first white settlers in that part of the valley. Other settlers were induced to come from Pennsylvania to Borden's tract, among whom were many relatives of the McDowells. The country filled up rapidly. Good houses, schools and churches were built, roadways were constructed and bridges built. Settlers extended themselves over an immense tract of land beyond the limited range of Borden's tract, wherever the country promised unusual advantages of soil, or near the James River and its tributaries. Game abounded and the rivers were full of fish. The country was beautiful, climate pleasant and all localities healthy. Constant intercouse was kept up with the old colonies of Maryland and Pennsylvania, and the capital of Virginia, Williamsburg.

- From "Genealogy of the Greenlee Families in America, Scotland, Ireland and England" (pp. 221-222)

43.         McDowell, Mary Elizabeth. Mary Elizabeth was born on 1712-11-17 in Ireland. She died in 1811-00-00 in Rockbridge Co., VA at the age of 99 years. Mary Elizabeth was the daughter of McDowell, Ephraim and Irvine, Margaret. She married Greenlee, James in 1736-00-00 in Carlisle, PA9.

Notes for McDowell, Mary Elizabeth

MARY E. McDOWELL was a true Scotch woman, though born in the North of Ireland. She emigrated to America with her father, brothers John and James, and sister Margaretta who married Mr. Mitchel in Pennsylvania and settled in South Carolina. Soon after her marriage to James Greenlee, the memorable journey was made from Carlisle, Pennsylvania to Virginia. She was brave, loved adventure and was undismayed by the thought of Indians or wild animals with which the country was then infested. In the summer of 1757 James Greenlee left his wife with a young family around her and went to Pennsylvania on a business trip. He was taken suddenly ill and died there at the home of Mr. Femme, or Fane. After the death of her husband she brought up her children under the watchful eye of her father, until he died. She then re- moved from Timber Ridge in the lower part of Rockbridge county to James River. James Greenlee had owned immense tracts of land on James River and in South Carolina. She increased her fortune rapidly and was able to set up her sons and daughters handsomely in life when they married, retaining a handsome estate for herself.

She was remarkably handsome in youth and retained her activity, veracity and great wit to the last days of her life. The stories that are told of her son Samuel's wit and recklessness are remarkable. The "witch story" may be traced to his love of the marvelous almost entirely. Mrs. Greenlee told the stories first herself, and once in the hands of her reckless son, from his very boyhood days, they were scattered over the land with many additions. For instance, he told a party of Methodist ministers that his mother had been tried and condemned to be burnt as a "witch," and that she was tied to a stake and wood and straw piled around her, when lo! she disappeared and a black cat was found in her place. The ministers stared and Samuel ran to his mother and told her how he had frightened off a party of "long faces" and "black coats" who were on their way to be entertained at her house. The mother only laughed at the reckless boy and said "My son, O, my son! do you not know that it is a sin to tell a lie?" Mrs. Greenlee told the story of her father having been called a wizard by the ignorant and superstitious, by reason of his strength of intellect and great physical endurance, and finally his extreme old age. When she was getting along in years, she concluded she needed glasses and accordingly procured a pair and thought that it improved her sight. The mischievous Samuel took the glasses out of the frame, had his mother put them on, then asked her if she could see better. "Yes," she said, "as well as ever." "Mother!" he cried, "there are no glasses in the frame." "You bad boy" she said, and throwing them aside did not use them for years.

She was charitable, hospitable and remarkably kind to and considerate of her slaves, whom she held in large numbers. She taught them to read and, in many instances, to write. She lived on James River and in the later years of her life her negro men were famous boatmen from a point on the river called the "Boatyard" to Lynchburg, thence to Richmond. They were proverbial for honesty and uprightness in every sense of the word. They were trusted with valuable cargoes for which they received the money and delivered it to the owners of said cargoes without trouble or question on the part of any who trusted cargoes with them.

She lived to be very old, giving to the last an active supervision to business, in which she was thrifty and prosperous, and riding all over the country side on horseback. Her strength of mind rivaled her physical endurance. Long after the early settlers of her generation had passed away, and litigations arose among their descendants over lands claimed, she would ride miles on horseback to appear as a witness to settle the claims. Such was her knowledge of the early settlers and the land they settled on, and such was the accuracy of her memory, that her testimony invariably decided the case in favor of the rightful owner. She was the first white woman who settled on Borden's Grant.

- From "Genealogy of the Greenlee Families in America, Scotland, Ireland and England" (pp. 222-223)

--------------------------------------------------

In all the annals of Rockbridge there is no individual of more striking personality than Mary Elizabeth McDowell, who became the wife of James Greenlee. So far as we have positive knowledge, she was the only woman in the little band of homeseekers, who in October, 1737, made the first actual settlement in Borden's Great Tract. At this time she was thirty years of age, and two of her eight children had been born. She lived many years a widow, and displayed much ability in managing a considerable estate. Its appraisement by William and John Paxton and Jacob Hickman showed that the personality was $2,970, inclusive of eight slaves, these being valued from $100 in the case of a child to $500 for an adult. No books are mentioned, Illiteracy relieved her husband from serving as constable, and it would seem that the wife cared little for the printed page. Yet her mental faculties were keen and alert to the end, she used good language, and in a verbal passage at arms, she appears to have been a match for all comers. Various legends cluster about her name, and it has been handed down that her wit and her nimbleness of mind came near causing her to be proceeded against for witchcraft. This is not impossible, since it was in her own girlhood that a woman was ducked by the civil authorities in Princess Anne county on a charge of being a witch. In certain Alleghany valleys a belief in the delusion exists to this day among people of German descent. In her widowhood Mary Greenlee kept a tavern, and as hostess she showed her eye for the main chance by flouting the regulations of the county court relative to the sale of ardent spirits. She moved from Timber Ridge to Greenlee's Ferry in 1780. If Mrs. Greenlee was keen in business, she was also something of a shrew. It was perhaps a victim of her caustic toungue who perpetrated the following lines of doggerel, which, let us hope, were written in pleasantry and not in malice.

Mary Greenlee died of late;

Straight she went to Heaven's gate;

But Abram met her with a club,

And knocked her back to Beelzebub.

As a result of a lawsuit instituted by Joseph Borden, Mrs. Greenlee was called upon for a deposition. When asked how old she was, she made this tart rejoinder: "What is the reason you ask my age? Do you think I am in my dotage? Ninety-five, the seventeenth of this instant." It is evident that her mental processes were in extraordinarily good working order, even at another deposition, taken at her home four years later, November 10, 1806. Two-thirds of a century had elapsed since she came to Rockbridge, Her reminiscences of the early pioneer days are numerous and precise, and of much historical importance; more so than any other statements given by the old residents. Mary Greenlee became a centenarian, since her span of life reached from November 17, 1707 until March 14, 1809. This tendency to longevity seems to have been inherited from her father, who reached a great age, and to have been passed onward to her grandson, John F. Greenlee, who died in 1915, when in his ninety-ninth year. Mr. Greenlee never married and was the last of the name in this county. Like his ancestress, he was in his old age a great source of information on local history. His habits were favorable to a long life, since he used no tobacco and rarely touched liquor. James, the husband of Mary Greenlee, died about 1764, leaving an estate appraised at $2,767.67. By owning six slaves he was the heaviest slaveholder of that period of whom we have any certain knowledge. Exceptional items in the inventory are seven silver watches, valued at $20 each, eight geese, and five pounds of beeswax. Yet the watches were not so low priced as they would seem, since it would have taken a very good horse, or three cows, to buy a single one of them, John, the oldest son of James and Mary Greenlee, disregarded his privilege under the British law of entail, and took steps to divide the estate equally among the five brothers. He had no issue, and as only one or two of his brothers remained in Rockbridge, the Greenlee name was never extensively represented here.

- From "A History of Rockbridge County Virginia" by Oren F. Morten, pp 254-256

--------------------------------------------------

MARY GREENLEE, THE SO-CALLED WITCH -- HER DEPOSITION IN THE BURDEN CASE. Mary McDowell, who married James Greenlee, was the daughter of Ephraim McDowell, one of the early settlers on Burden's grant, and a great aunt of the late Gov. James McDowell, of Rockbridge, She was a woman of more than ordinary brightness and vivacity of intellect, but many aberrations of mind and eccentricities of character and conduct, Early disappointment in a love affair heightened her natural peculiarities, and these, with her superior abilities and her independence, caused her neighbors to regard her as a witch. Nothing in those days was too wild and remote from the reality of things, not to meet with an eager welcome, at least, from many. She was, no doubt, as were all witches, thought to have signed in her own blood a contract with the devil, to abjure the Christian religion and all reverence for the true God; that she would steadily refuse to listen to any one who should desire to convert her or convince her of the error of her ways and lead her to repentance. Many of our ancestors, no doubt, believed this contract was duplicated, to prevent mistakes, and that while the Prince of Darkness retained one copy, the other was in possession of Mrs. Greenlee, and often consulted by her. Such, notoriously, were the supposed conditions and custody of these compacts with Satan. On one occasion, at a "quilting party" at her own house, and when hospitably pressing one of the ladies to eat more, she said gaily, "The mare that does double the work should be best fed." The rash ignorance of the party construed this to mean that she herself was a witch, and this woman the mare she rode in her nightly incursions to the consecrated haunts of diabolical intercourse. Her crimes, and many were attributed to her, were said to have proceeded from malignity and resentment, and she was supposed to go forth at night into the open air, and there, amidst darkness and the storm, to curse her victims and pursue her unholy incantations, No wonder the more superstitious of her neighbors shrank from her with holy horror, poured out curses upon her from the bottom of their hearts.

In a somewhat mysterious way, some of the stock of Mr. Craig, an inhabitant of the Triple Forks, disappeared, and the loss was attributed to Mrs. Greenlee, for witches were understood to have the power of destroying life, without the necessity of approaching the person or beast whose life was to be taken. One method was by exposing an image of wax to the action of the fire, while in proportion as the image wasted away, the life of the individual, who was the object contrived against, was undermined and destroyed. Another, was by incantations and spells. Either of these was styled "compassing, or imagining the death." Possessed of such subtle and dangerous power, and indulging in such practices, in the opinion of her neighbors, one can readily understand the indignation and abhorrence with which she must have been regarded.

From so much of the story of Mrs. Greenlee as is preserved, it is probable her vanity was flattered at the terror she inspired in her simple neighbors, and that she was greatly amused at the fright she caused these rustics. Possibly, in the end, she deluded herself, and began to think her imprecations had a real effect; that her curses killed--provided, always, that she indulged in any, which is open to doubt.

Mary Greenlee inherited not only the hard intelligence, but the pluck, of her Covenanter stock; was the kinswoman of the Founder, surrounded by a powerful family, and indulged few fears of coming to the ordeal of fire and water. In that superstitious age, however, to pursue, at the expense of her ignorant neighbors, a mysterious conduct might be likened to whetting the knife that was to take her life--digging her own grave. That she escaped trial under the ancient laws of Virginia is, in view of all the facts, surprising, Rather would we have expected to hear that she had been seized by the hair of the head, or nape of the neck, and drawn before a judge. The belief in witchcraft of our ancestors was sincere, and this is the less to be wondered at when we consider that these superstitions are cropping up in the civilized life of the present day in spirit manifestations," The belief, however, in these matters is now confined to a class who may be, not inappropriately, styled "cranks."

Let us rejoice that light has broken in upon us, and that amidst the inevitable ills of this life we are no longer harassed, like our forefathers, with imaginary terrors and haunted by frightful images.

In the Burden case, Mrs. Greenlee underwent, in 1806, a long examination, testing her temper and memory, In the midst of the examination the question was put to her, "How old are you?" She tartly replied, "Ninety-five the 17th of this Instant; and why do you ask me my age? Do you think I am in my dotage?" Her deposition, which follows, cannot fail to be read with interest, It casts much light upon our early days, supplies valuable information as to the early settlers, their manners and customs, and has not inaptly been styled the corner-stone of our county history.

DEPOSITION OF MRS. JAMES GREENLEE, TAKEN NOVEMBER 10, 1806, IN THE SUIT OF JOSEPH BURDEN, PLAINTIFF, VS. ALEX. CUETON AND OTHERS, DEFENDANTS.

Mrs. Greenlee, being sworn, deposeth and saith: That she, with her husband, James Greenlee, settled on Burden's large grant, as near as she could recollect, in the fall of the year 1737. * * * That shortly before her settlement on said grant, she, together with her husband, her father, Ephraim McDowell, then a very aged man, and her brother, John McDowell, were on their way to Beverly Manor, and were advanced as far as Lewis's creek, intending to stop on South river, having, at that time, never heard of Burden's tract. That she remembers of her brother, James, having, the Spring before, gone into said Manor and raised a crop of corn on South river, about Turks, near what was called Wood's Gap. That about the time they were striking up their camp in the evening, Benj. Burden, the elder, came to their camp and proposed staying all night. In the course of conversation, said Burden informed them he had about 10,000 acres of land on the waters of James river, or the forks, if he could ever find it, and proposed giving 1,000 acres to any one who would conduct him to it. When a light was made, he produced two papers, and satisfied the company of his rights. The deponent's brother, John McDowell, then informed him, said Burden, he would conduct him to the forks of James river for 1,000 acres; showed said Burden his surveying instruments, &c., and finally it was agreed that said McDowell should conduct him to the grant, and she thinks a memorandum of the agreement was then made in writing. They went on from thence to the house of John Lewis, in Beverly Manor, near where Staunton now stands, who was a relation of deponent's father. They remained with him a few days, and there, she understood, further writings were entered into, and it was finally agreed they should all settle in Burden's tract. That said John McDowell was to have 1,000 acres for conducting them there, agreeable to the writing entered into, and that the settlers were, moreover, to have 100 acres for every cabin they should build, even if they built forty cabins, and that they might purchase any quantity adjoining at fifty shillings per hundred acres. The deponent understood that said Burden was interested in these cabin rights, as they were called, for that any cabin saved him 1,000 acres of land. These cabin rights were afterward counted, as deponent understood, and an account returned to the government, then held at Williamsburg, and she has heard, about that time, many tests of the manner in which one person, by going from cabin to cabin, was counted, and stood for several settlements.

She recollects, particularly, of hearing of a serving girl of one James Bell, named Millhollen, who dressed herself in men's clothes and saved several cabin rights, perhaps five or six, calling herself Millhollen, but varying the Christian name. These conversations were current in that day. She knows nothing of the fact but from information. She understood that it was immaterial where the cabins were built; that they were to entitle the builder to 100 acres as aforesaid, whenever he chose to lay it off, and that he had a right to purchase, at 50 shillings as aforesaid, any larger quantity. One John Patterson was employed to count cabins rights, as she understood. He was accustomed to mark the letters on his hat with chalk, as she has been informed, and afterwards deliver the account to her brother, John McDowell, and remembers to have heard that her brother had expressed his surprise at so many people by the name of Millhollen being settled on the land, but which was afterwards explained by the circum- stance of the servant girl above mentioned, and was a subject of general mirth in the settlement. She does not know whether this plan of saving several cabin rights by one person appearing at different cabins, was suggested by Burden, the elder, or not. She understood that every person saving a cabin right got 160 acres for each right so saved, as he, Burden, was to have a cabin for every 1,000 acres. When the party with which she traveled, as aforesaid, came, as they supposed, into the grant, they stopped at a spring, near where David Steele now lives, and struck their camp, her brother and said Burden having gone down said branch until they were satisfied it was one of the waters of the James river. The balance of the party remained at that spring until her brother John and said Burden, as she understood, went down to the forks formed by the waters of the South and North river, and, having taken a course through the country, returned to said camp. They then went on to the place called the Red House, where her brother, John, built a cabin and settled where James McDowell now lives. The first cabin her husband built was by a spring, near where Andrew Scott now lives, but when deponent went to see it, she did not like the situation, and they then built and settled at the place called Browns. They sold this after some short time, and purchased the land on which her brother, James, had made an improvement, now called Templetons, and where she resided until about the year 1780, being within sight of where her father, then near a hundred years of age, resided. This was the first party of white people that ever settled on the said grant. The said Burden, the elder, remained on the grant from that time, as well as she can recollect for perhaps two years and more, obtaining settlers, and she believes there were more than a hundred settlers before he left them. She believes he was in the grant the whole time from his first coming up until he left it before his death, but how long before his death he left it, she does not know. He resided some time with a Mrs. Hunter, whose daughter afterwards married one Greene, and to whom, she understood, he gave the tract whereon they lived. When the said Burden left the grant, she understood he left his papers with her brother, John McDowell, to whose house a great many people resorted, as she understood, to see about lands, but what authority her brother had to sell, or whether he made sales or not, she does not know. Her brother, John, was killed about Xmas before her son, Samuel, her first son of that name was born. He was born, as appears by the register of his birth in the Bible, about April, 1743. The date of this register is partly obliterated, in the last figure, but from the date of the birth of the preceding and subsequent child it must have been, as she believes, in 1743, that said Samuel was born.

Young Benj. Burden came into the grant before her brother's death. She recollects this from the circumstance of his being then in ordinary plight, and such that he did not seem much respected by her brother's wife, and when she afterwards married him she could not but reflect on the change of circumstances. She understood that he was altogether illiterate. She said, Benjamin, junior, lived with her brother John, whilst in the grant, but returned to his father's before the death of said John, and after his father's death returned, fully empowered by his father's will to complete titles and sell lands, and then married the widow of her said brother, and continued to live at the place where her said brother settled as aforesaid, until his death. This place, now called the Red House place, is about three quarters of a mile from Templeton's, where the deponent resided as above.

Joseph Burden (a son of old Ben. Burden, the grantee,) had resided at his brother, Benjamin's, some years before his, (Benjamin's) death; had gone to school and was here at his death; had the small-pox about the time of her brother's death, and some time after which (deponent does not recollect precisely, but believes it was not long,) he went away, not being very well liked, as she understood, and not made very welcome; was then but a lad of about 18 or 19, as well as she can recollect from his appearance. This deponent recollects that John Hart, who had removed to Beverly Manor some short time before the removal of this deponent and her friend, as above stated, but she cannot say whether he surveyed for the said Benjamin or not; she understood he was a surveyor. The people who first settled and purchased did not always have their lands surveyed at the time of purchase; as she understood, some had their lands surveyed and some had not, but when it was not surveyed, they described it by general boundaries. Beatty was the first surveyor whom she knows that surveyed in the grant. The said Burden had been at Williamsburg, and some one, perhaps the Governor's son-in-law, by name Needler, and his other partners, had in a frolic given him their interest in said grant. She understood there were four of them--the Governor, Gooch, his said son-in-law, and two others whose names she does not recollect, who were interested in the order of Council for said land, and that Burden got it from them as above; this was his information. She well recollects that her brother, John, assisted one Wood to make the survey of said large grant after they removed to it, as aforesaid, it being at the time of their removal, as aforesaid, held by the order of Council, as she understood. The said Woods and her brother made the survey, she believes, after the cabin rights were taken in, as above stated. Many people came up, and many settlements and cabins were made immediately after their settling on the tract, as aforesaid.

Being interrogated as to the value of the lands remaining unsold by Ben. Burden, she stated that one Harden, who, she understood, was an executor, and who was in this country after the death of young Ben. Burden (which occurred from small-pox in 1753,) and after John Bowyer had married the widow, and who, she understood, was settling Burden's business--but she does not know by what authority--she recollects that said Harden offered to her brother, James, the unsold lands for a bottle of wine, if he would clear him of the quit rents. She also recollects that her said brother consulted with her father about the proposition, who advised him to have nothing to do with it, for it would probably run him into jail. This, she thinks, was shortly after Bowyer's marriage. She does not know whether Benj. Burden, Jr., was distressed on account of the quit rents or not, but recollects that shortly before his death, Col. Patton was at her house; a horse of said Burden broke out and came there, which said Patten wished to have caught, that he might take him for some claims against said Burden, but she did not hear what. She had, however, said horse sent home, fearing that as there had been some misunderstanding between deponent's husband and said Burden about this land, he might think they had aided in said seizure. The deponent further states that her husband purchased 1,000 acres of land of old Burden, at an early day for fifty shillings per hundred, which she understood he had located on the Turkey Hill, as it was called. After the death of old Burden, his son, Benjamin, disputed giving a deed for the whole quantity there, alleging it was all valuable land, and afterwards, for the sake of peace, it was agreed that a part should be taken there--a part joining Robert Cutton, which was sold to one Buchanan, and a part near John Davidson. This arrangement was made at the time Harden was present, as aforesaid, who seemed willing to give the land, and advised his deponent, whose husband was then abroad, to agree to take it at those places, which she did. All the land purchased by her husband was purchased from old Burden; indeed, he had purchased this 1,000 acres before they came to the tract, at Lewis', as before stated, provided he liked the land when he saw it, which he did.

The deponent being asked what she knew of the persons named in a mutilated paper purporting to be an account of entries and sales, beginning at "No. 1--McDowell, Jno., to No. 22--Moore, Andrew," on the first side, where the papers appeared to be torn off; beginning on the other side at "No. 42--Martin, Robt., and ending at No. 62, at Brown, Robt.," and whether those persons were settled in the grant at an early day or owned lands in it?

Answered--That she knew a number of persons therein named. Many of them lived in Beverly Manor, and others in the Calf Pasture and elsewhere, but she did not know many of them to have lands in Burden's tract. The McDowells and her husband she had before spoken of. She also knew John Moore, who settled at an early day where Charles Campbell now lives; Andrew Moore, who settled where his grandson, Wm. Moore, now lives. Wm. McCausland also lived in the grant, as did Wm. Sawyers and Robt. Campbell, Sam'l Woods, John Mathews, Richard Woods, John Hays, Chas. Hays, his son, Sam'l Walker, &c., all of whom settled in the grant at an early day.

The deponent being interrogated if she knew Alex. Miller, and if he was an early settler?

Answered--that she did not know said Miller. He was the first blacksmith that settled on the tract. She recollects of his shoeing old Burden's horse, and understood he purchased land of said Burden. He lived on land adjoining one John McCroskey's land, who also purchased his land from old Burden. He also joined the plantation, now Stewart's mill-place, as she believes, whereon one Taylor, who, she believes, married Elizabeth Paxton, formerly lived. She recollects being at the burial of said Taylor, who was killed by the falling of a tree not long after his marriage. Said Miller's land, she understood, has been in possession of people of the name of Teeford since the said Millers removed. The deponent recollects one McMullen, who resided some distance above the place where Robt. Stewart's mill now stands, but up the same branch, and near a spring. Said McMullen was living on said land and had a daughter married there when this deponent's daughter, Mary, was a sucking babe. She recollects this from having gone to the wedding when a daughter of said McMullen was married, and having left her child at home. Her daughter, Mary, was born, as appears from the register of her birth, in May, 1745. Humphrey's Cabins, as they were called, were over the hill, at another spring, not far from where said McMullen lived. She knows not from whom McMullen purchased, but rather thinks her brother, James McDowell, gave him a piece of land there for teaching school. There was no mill where Stewart's mill now is in the lifetime of Ben. Burden, Jr. John Hay's mill was the first mill in the grant, and built very early after the settlement.

The deponent said the people paid no quit rents for two years from the time the grant was first settled. She understood this exemption was granted by the Governor at the instance of one Anderson, a preacher. When they had to pay quit rents, they raised money by sending butter to New Castle, to Williamsburg, and other markets below, and got also in return their salt, iron, &c.

Being asked whether Joseph Burden was frequently in this country after the death of young Ben. Burden, she answered that he was frequently in this country some time after the death of said Benjamin. He called at her house, inquiring for a horse, and she thought she knew his name, and afterwards heard he lodged in the neighborhood, at one Wm. Campbell's. She saw him again at her house about twelve or fifteen years ago. He made some enquiries of her about her husband's estate or something of that kind. She does not recollect the particulars, but she had very little conversation with him. She also heard of his being through this country some little time before this, but does not recollect how long, nor did she see him.

Question by the defendant's agent--Did not many persons, from time to time, in the lifetime of old Burden, settle in the grant, under an expectation of getting the lands at the usual price, and without first contracting with said Burden?

Answer--I believe they did. I think many settled before they had an opportunity of seeing Burden, and Burden would frequently direct them to deponent's husband, to shew them the land, as they said.

Do you not believe that the first deeds were made for the cabin rights?

Answer--I suppose the cabin right, with such land as the settler had purchased, would be deeded together, and perhaps these were the first made.

Did Ben. Burden, Jr., appear, when he first entered on the affairs of the estate, to be disposed to do justice to the devisees?

Answer--I thought he did. He appeared to be a good man. She understood he was the heir-at-law, and did not hear of the sisters' claims, except to five thousand acres, which she understood had been assigned to them on Catawba, where the land was good.

Did he ever leave his country and go to Jersey, after he came up and got married?

Answer--No, I believe he did not. I am pretty confident he did not.

Did you know of Archibald Alexander and Magdalen Bowyer selling lands?

Answer--I did not know they were executors, and had a right to sell. I understood John Bowyer sold a great deal and gave away a great deal. Alexander was as respectable a man as any I knew. Bowyer, she understood, claimed what Ben. Burden claimed, though she had no conversation with him about this claim.

Being asked whether Alexander paid Burden any money on account of the estate?

Answered--She never heard that he had, and from her intimacy with the wife of said Bower, she believes she would have heard of it, had it taken place.

Question by same--When Burden produced his right to the land, as you have stated, were you not satisfied, and did not the company appear satisfied, that the right was completely in him?

Answer--Yes, the papers appeared perfectly satisfactory.

Did you not understand that your brother, James McDowell, built a cabin and purchased the land where Thos. Taylor, above mentioned, resides?

Answer--My brother, James, purchased a considerable tract, perhaps four or five hundred acres, either at or where Stewart's mill now stands. It run, as she understood, on a large hill, but whether in one or two tracts, she knows not. This tract, she understood, he sold to some person, but does not know who. She does not know whether he had it surveyed or not, but supposes it was merely designated by general boundaries. She thinks if she was on the land, she could point out the tree whereon his name was cut, if it is yet standing. It stood near a deep hole in the creek. Knows not how he acquired it, but understood he had built a cabin on it and saved a cabin right, but never saw the cabin, nor does she know where it stood, but the land was called his very shortly after they went to the grant, and in the lifetime of old Burden.

Sworn before us, 10th November, 1806.

JOSEPH WALKER,

J. GRIBSBY

Burden succeeded in procuring the erection of ninety-two cabins within two years, and received his patent from the Governor, dated Nov. 8, 1759. He died in 1742, and his will is on record in Frederick county.

- From "History of Augusta County, Virginia" by J. Lewis Peyton, pp 67-74

-----------------------------------------

Mary Elizabeth McDowell Greenlee, the wife of James Greenlee and the older daughter of Ephraim McDowell, is recounted as being a woman of extraordinary beauty, intellect, as well as being incredibly articulate for a woman of her time. In fact, so much so, that her contemporaries considered her so unusual, that she must be a witch in league with the devil. One story relates that during a quilting session, one of the other women present made a comment on being hungry. Mary's response was to quote an old adage "It's the riden mare that deserves twice fed." Through ignorance on the part of the other attendees at the session, this was construed to be a reference by Mary to the "truth" of her being a witch, and to her "riding out into the night to feed on Christian souls". Needless to say, Mary was shunned by her "Christian" neighbors from this point onward. However, on one occasion, she was asked by her neighbors and kin, the Lewis' to intervene, using her "talents" as a witch, to recover the young Alice Lewis (the daughter of John and Margaret Lewis), who was called "white dove" by the Indians. Her parents feared she had been kidnapped by the Indians and would be scalped, when in fact, she had been "stolen away" by her Indian boyfriend. Mary agreed to attempt to retrieve the girl for the price of one horse to bring her back on and which she would keep. The Indians liked Mary. Whether this was because they thought her a bit "touched" or more likely, she was intelligent enough to reason with them on their own terms. Either way, Mary was successful in negotiating Alice's safe return to her family. Mary and James Greenlee ran a Tavern near Timber Ridge until James' death in 1763. At the age of 97, the county courts of Augusta and Rockbridge called upon Mary McDowell Greenlee to give depositions regarding land ownership. They again requested her testimony three years later. Mary amazed the Justices of the Peace with her astonishing memory, giving many details of the early settlers. Her depositions left us much history that would have otherwise been lost to time. Mary moved near Natural Bridge to live near her son in 1780, she died on his farm at age 102. Mary's grave was marked in 1944 by the Association for Preservation of Virginia Antiquities. Sallie (Locher) Letcher was the latest owner of the farm upon which Mary McDowell Greenlee lays to rest. Before her death, a poet, who lived nearby went to make her a visit, and proposed to write her epitaph, on condition she would give him a quart of whiskey, to which she consented, and he wrote,

"Good old Mary died of late,

Straight she went to Heaven's gate,..."

The poet showed this to her and she was so delighted that she gave him a pint of the whiskey in advance. He drank it and wrote in continuation,

"But Abraham met her with a club,

And knocked her back to Beelzebub".

Mary was so infuriated at this that she chased him out of the house with a broom stick.

-- From http://members.tripod.com/leomcdowell/id27.htm "Coming to America" COPYRIGHT 2000 Leo B. McDowell

Children of McDowell, Mary Elizabeth and Greenlee, James

i. Greenlee, John [28]. He was born on 1738-10-04 in Rockbridge Co., VA. He died in 1798-00-00 in Morgantown, Burke Co., NC.

ii. Greenlee, James. He was born on 1740-10-19 in Rockbridge Co., VA. He died on 1813-11-08 in Morgantown, Burke Co., NC.

iii. Greenlee, Samuel. He was born on 1743-04-04 in Rockbridge Co., VA. He died about 1743-00-00 in Rockbridge Co., VA.

iv. Greenlee, Mary. She was born on 1745-05-05 in Rockbridge Co., VA.

v. Greenlee, Margaret G.. She was born on 1748-06-15 in Rockbridge Co., VA.

vi. Greenlee, Grace. She was born on 1750-06-23.

vii. Greenlee, David. He was born on 1752-11-01 in Rockbridge Co., VA. He died on 1820-12-05 in Rockbridge Co., VA.

viii. Greenlee, Samuel. He was born on 1757-01-13 in Rockbridge Co., VA. He died in 1824-00-00.

More about McDowell, Mary Elizabeth and Greenlee, James:

Marriage: 1736-00-00, Carlisle, PA9. Marriage of Greenlee, James and McDowell, Mary Elizabeth.

44.         McClanahan, Elijah. Elijah was born about 1714-00-00 in Co. Antrim, Ulster, Ireland. He died on 1794-05-02 in Augusta Co., VA at the age of 80 years. Elijah was the son of McClanahan, John and McChubit, Agnes. He married Owens, Ann Ewing in Augusta Co., VA.

Notes for McClanahan, Elijah

Elijah McClenachan (ca 1713 - 1789) was likely born in County Antrim, Ireland, as was his older brother, Robert. Records show Elijah's parents were John and Agnes (McChubit/McCubbins) McClenachan. Speculation is that Elijah's parent left County Ayrshire, Scotland sometime prior to 1700 and migrated to County Antrim, Ireland where John McClenachan was a merchant.

Elijah McClanahan came to America with his brother, Robert, from County Antrim Ireland. There is no evidence that their parents, John McClanahan and Agnes McChubit ever came to America. They had, however, been born in Scotland and married there prior to moving to Ireland where John McClanahan was a merchant. Elijah and Robert seem to have come across the Atlantic with Robert's father- in-law, Alexander Breckenridge, probably landing at Philadelphia and then coming down the Valley of Virginia to old Augusta County.

Elijah, or "Olde Elijah" as he became known, came to America with his older brother Robert in 1727. Tradition states they came through Philadelphia. Accompanying them was Robert's father-in-law, Alexander Breckenridge and his family. The Breckenridge reference is included only because "Olde Elijah's" first born son, also named Elijah, married Letitia Breckenridge, daughter of Alexander, about 1749. There has been much confusion on this marriage, as many people feel that Letitia was "Olde Elijah's" second wife. The Indian massacre in 1764, described below, negates this speculation.

At this time, there is very little known of the time "Olde Elijah" spent in Pennsylvania and he apparently came to Virginia around 1740, again traveling with his brother Robert, who bought considerable acreage in the Beverley Patent in what is now the area in and around Staunton in Augusta County "Olde Elijah", unlike his brother Robert, did not leave much of a paper trail and as far as we know, none of his children were baptized. Records do show that he was married to Ann Ewing (Owen) at an early age as their first child, also named Elijah, was born 1728-1730. Based on "Olde Elijah's" date of birth, he would have been fifteen to sev-enteen at the time of his son's birth. Again, "Olde Elijah's" birth date of 1713 is only shown in one place.

Some people had thought him born in 1718, but the similarity between an 8 and a 3 on old documents is enough to more readily accept the 1713 date. Besides, that would have made "Olde Elijah" only ten or twelve when his first child was born. The children of "Olde Elijah" and Ann Ewing are as follows:

1. Elijah, Jr. - Born 1728-1730.

2. Robert (?)

3. David (?)

4. William, December 25, 1733. He married Sarah Neeley and was one of the founders of Roanoke, VA.

5. Margaret (?), married John Crockett and moved to North Carolina.

6. Mary, or "Polly" was born in 1746/1748 and married Robert McCreary. Their great grandson, James B. McCreary became one of Kentucky's best loved governors (elected twice) and was also a respected soldier of the Civil War.

7. Jennie (?), married a William Holliday.

8. Hannah (?), married a John Greenlee, Jr. She narrowly escaped the Indian massacre by hiding under a log.

9. Infant son, no name-no birth date. Killed in the Indian massacre early 1764.

The Indian massacre took place in early 1764 in what is now known as Bath County in an area called "The Cowpasture." It was here that "Olde Elijah" lost his wife, Ann and their youngest child, both killed by the In-dians. "Olde Elijah" himself was severely tomahawked, but was saved only by the fact that he had a pen in his hat. The Indians, realizing he could write, did not kill him and apparently wanted his writing ability for an unknown reason. However, not long after the massacre, Captain Lewis, following the raiding party with a group of local militia, came upon the Indians. "Olde Elijah" was rescued as well as several other cap-tives. This was attested to in a letter written by Reverend John Brown who wrote to Colonel William Preston in June 1764 the following" Captain Lewis came up with the Indians that killed the people at cowpasture and one Frenchman and it is thought wounded some Indians and res-cued several prisoners, among whom were old Elijah McClanachan."

Further evidence of this massacre was written personally by "Olde Elijah's" grandson, Colonel Elijah McClanahan of Roanoke, Virginia, son of William and Sarah (Neeley) McClenachan. Colonel Elijah McClanahan corresponded with Lyman C. Draper. In one of these letters, dated 19 March 1846, is given a vivid account of the massacre.

Letter dated March 19, 1846. Again, this is only part of the entire letter addressed to Lyman C. Draper: "Your other inquiry is as to my father's birth and decease. When I had the pleasure of seeing you at Bent Mountain, I mentioned the circumstances of my father's mother and his younger brother being killed by the Indians in what is now Bath County and that part of it called the Cowpasture, what county it was then, I can't say. My grandfather was wounded at same time and taken prisoner and pursued. The prisoners all retaken and my grandfather tomahawked and hurt in the head by the Indians on finding they were overtaken, but was carried in and lived. He told me of several incidents that occurred whilst on his march with the Indians. Such as taking two small children (There mothers prisoners) by the heels and dashing their brains against a tree because they cryed and that they held two counsels about him together, he being very unable to travel on account of his wound and that he was saved by a pen in his hat showing he could write for which they were desirous to take him to the nation. My grandfather was from Ireland and an excellent scholar."

-- From Janet Skelton's GEDCOM @ RootsWeb.com

----------------------------------------------

Before and during the French and Indian War, the Scots/Irish were among the first to suffer, and among those who suffered most because of their inhabitation of the frontier and their proximity to the various Indian tribes, many of whom couldn't get along with each other, let alone, with the white settlers. The Scots/Irish had fresh memories of the border raids from the days back in Northern Ireland and Scotland. The Augusta Stone Church and other dispersed meeting houses throughout the Shenandoah Valley became refuges against Indian attacks. During one such raid, the family of Col. Elijah and Ann Ewing McClanahan came under Indian attack and the lone survivor of that family was their young daughter Hannah (later the wife of John Greenlee, a son of James and Mary McDowell Greenlee) who hid under a log footbridge across the nearby creek. Many other Scots/Irish had been killed at Tickling Springs, 10 miles from Augusta. Joist Hite of Winchester, Frederick (old Orange) County, Virginia constructed a fort near his home of the Opecquon Creek, where the frontier families of that area, including the Hites, Woods, and McDowell families gathered for shelter during Indian raids.

-- From http://members.tripod.com/leomcdowell/id32.htm "Oh Shenandoah!" COPYRIGHT 2000 Leo B. McDowell

45.         Owens, Ann Ewing. Ann Ewing was born about 1718-00-00 in Belfast, Ireland. She died in 1764-03-00 in Augusta Co., VA at the age of 46 years. She married McClanahan, Elijah in Augusta Co., VA.

Notes for Owens, Ann Ewing

It has been said that Ann Ewing was the daughter of William Ewing and Ann Shannon who came from Belfast, Ireland. But a genealogy of the Ewing family gives the dates of birth of William Ewing and Ann Shannon as much too late to have been the parents of Ann who married Elijah McClanahan.

More about Owens, Ann Ewing:

Also Known As: Ann Ewing5

Children of Owens, Ann Ewing and McClanahan, Elijah

i. McClanahan, Elijah. He was born about 1730-00-00 in Augusta Co., VA. He died on 1794-05-02 in Augusta Co., VA.

ii. McClanahan, Margaret. She was born on 1736-04-06 in Augusta Co., VA. She died on 1796-12-21 in Lancaster Co., SC.

iii. McClanahan, William. He was born on 1740-12-25 in Augusta Co., VA. He died on 1819-11-19 in Botetourt Co., VA.

iv. McClanahan, Mary. She was born about 1748-00-00 in Augusta Co., VA.

v. McClanahan, Hannah [29]. She was born about 1752-00-00 in Salem, Roanoke Co., VA. She died about 1798-00-00 in Abbyville, SC.

vi. McClanahan, Alexander. He was born on 1755-02-20 in Augusta Co., VA. He died on 1824-05-05 in Morgan Co., AL.

vii. McClanahan, Nancy. She was born about 1758-00-00 in Augusta Co., VA.

More about Owens, Ann Ewing and McClanahan, Elijah:

Marriage: Augusta Co., VA. Marriage of McClanahan, Elijha and Ewing, Ann.

46.         Grigsby, John. John was born on 1720-04-17 in Stafford Co., VA. He died on 1794-04-07 in Falling Springs, VA at the age of 74 years. He was buried in Falling Spring Presbyterian Church cemetery, Rockbridge Co., VA. John was the son of Grigsby, Charles and Wilkerson, Sarah. He married Porter, Elizabeth in 1764-00-0016.

Notes for Grigsby, John

"Soldier John" Grigsby, was born in 1720 in Stafford County. In 1740, "Soldier John" accompanied Lawrence Washington, brother of George Washington, to Carthagena (now in Columbia) as part of the Virginia militia under the command of Admiral Vernon. The expedition against the Spanish occurred during the administration of Governor Gooch. John Grigsby also commanded a company of Thirteenth Regiment of the Virginia Line during the early years of the American Revolution.[1]

In 1779, John Grigsby, his wife Elizabeth (Porter of Orange County), and other family members crossed the Blue Ridge Mountains into the Valley of Virginia. He was preceded to the Valley by his son James, from whom he purchased "460 acres in the Forks of the James River" on November 2, 1779.[1] When he arrived at "Fruit Hill" in Rockbridge, Co., VA, he was nearly 60 years of age and the father of 13 children. His last child, Reuben, was born there on June 6 of the following year. John Grigsby died April 7, 1794, and was buried in the cemetery of Falling Spring Presbyterian Church in Rockbridge Co., where the family worshipped. An historical marker at the church reads as follows:

FALLING SPRING PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH

The Oldest Congregation in the Fincastle Presbytery, the Falling Spring Presbyterian Church, was organized before 1748. The Hanover Presbytery met here in October 1780. The present Gothic Revival church was constructed of slave-made brick during the Civil War. At the time of its dedication in April 1864, General Thomas L. Rosser's Cavalry Brigade was camped here. The first burial in the present cemetery was that of John Grigsby of Fruit Hill (1720- 1794).

In 1746, "Soldier John" married Rosanna Etchison, disposed of his holdings inherited from his father, Charles, in Stafford County, and moved with his young wife to Culpepper, Va. They had four (4) sons and one (1) daughter.

Rosanna died in 1762. In 1764, "Soldier John" married Elizabeth Porter; born 1734, died 1807. Elizabeth was buried in Falling Spring Presbyterian Church Cemetery. All of their children were born in Culpepper except Reuben, who was born at "Fruit Hill" in Rockbridge County.

SOLDIER JOHN GRIGSBY'S WILL

IN THE NAME OF GOD, Amen I John Grigsby of Rockbridge County being at this time in a low state of health but having the due exercise of reason and knowing the uncertainty oflife and that it may please God to call me hence do make and ordain this to be my last Will and Testament.

Item I desire that all my just debts be duly paid.

Item I give unto my eldest son James Grigsby five shillings current money of Virginia over and above what he has already received.

Item I give unto my son John Grigsby five shillings current money of Virginia over and above what he has already received.

Item I give unto my son Charles Grigsby thirty pounds Virginia Currency, likewise a feather bed with furniture and a couple of sheep.

Item I give unto my son William Grigsby thirty pounds Virginia currency.

Item I give unto my daughter Sarah Welch exclusive of what she has already received twenty-five pounds Virginia currency.

Item I give unto my daughter Jane Paxton five shillings current money of the State of Virginia over and above what I have already given her.

Item I give unto my daughter Rachel McNut five shillings current money of the State of Virginia over and above what I have already given her.

Item I lend unto my loving wife Elizabeth Grigsby all my estate real and personal to have and to hold the same during her natural life in joint trust discharging debts and gifts or legacies as above in a reasonable time, and that she my said wife in joint trust with chosen Executors herein mentioned do act discretionary with my younger sons and daughters in manner following:

That Martha, Elizabeth and Franky shall have at age or marriage equal to their sisters Jane Paxton and Rachel McNut including all they received at marriage and my sons Joseph, Elisha and Reuben to have the plantation whereon I now live divided equally amongst them by any three or more neighbors whom they shall appoint and at the decease of my wife the remainder shall be divided equally among my sons and daughters, viz:

Joseph, Jane, Rachel, Martha, Elisha, Elizabeth, Franky and Reuben having no respect in the division to such sum as shall be given to any of them either at age or marriage and further it is my will that if any of my last named sons and daughters should die intestate his, her, or their share of the estate as above mentioned shall be equally divided among the survivor or survivors.

Lastly, I appoint and nominate my beloved wife Elizabeth Grigsby Executrix and Joseph Grigsby Executor of this my last will and testament hereby making nul and void any will or wills heretofore made by me acknowledging this my last will and testament.

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this eleventh day of May, Domini one thousand seven hundred and ninety two.

Signed, sealed and acknowledged                                 His

in the presence of:                                             John X Grigsby (seal)

John Paxton      Robert Snodgrass                                 mark

 

His

William X Arnold          David Willock

Mark                                                    A Copy Teste: Harry B. Wright,Clerk

 

from Henrietta Hamilton's book:

Many American families, particularly Virginians trace their descent from John Grigsby, whose ancestors were unquestionably of Welch origin, and who settled in this Country at a very early day, and were a potent factor in the social and intellectual development of the Communities in which they lived. As a people, they have been noted for their refined tastes, gracious manners, broadmindedness and liberality, and entire absence of anything like narrow clannishness, in religion or political matters, and for unswerving devotion to the interests of higher education. The members of this family with which the present records deal, were two brothers, James and John, who emigrated to America about 1660, and settled in Stafford County Virginia where John Grigsby was born in 1720. In the 1740s, John accompanied Lawrence Washington, in the forces of Admiral Vernon, on the expedition against Cartagena, South America, which was "one of the most important event of Gooch's Administration, as taken in connection with the other colonies, it was another step in the development of Union." See, "History of Augusta County", J. Lewis Peyton; and "Collections of the Virginia Historical Society," Volume IX. Afterward he commanded a company in the thirteenth Regiment of the Virginia Line during the Revolutionary War. This information was obtained from the old war records in the archives at Washington. Owing to participation in this Colonial War and in the Revolutionary War, he was afterward known as Soldier John.

Tombstone reads:

"Pause, reader, here, and look with solemn dread

upon the last dwelling of the dead,

Through numerous graves appear on every hand

This was the first of all the Silent Band"

[1] Darst, H. Jackson. The Darsts of Virginia. Williamsburg, Virginia: Privately printed. 1972

More about Grigsby, John:

Burial: Falling Spring Presbyterian Church cemetery, Rockbridge Co., VA.

Children of unknown and Grigsby, John

i. Grigsby, James. He was born on 1748-11-10. He died in 1835-02-00.

ii. Grigsby, John. He was born on 1752-10-15 in Culpepper Co., VA. He died about 1778-02-00.

iii. Grigsby, Charles. He was born on 1755-04-05 in Culpepper Co., VA.

iv. Grigsby, Sally. She was born on 1757-12-30 in Culpepper Co., VA, on the upper side of Rapid Ann River.

v. Grigsby, William. He was born on 1761-12-06 in Culpepper Co., VA.

More about unknown and Grigsby, John:

Marriage: 1746-00-00, Orange Co., VA21. Marriage of Grigsby, John & Etchison, Rosanna.

47.         Porter, Elizabeth. Elizabeth was born on 1733/4-02-27 in Orange Co., VA. She died on 1807-10-07 at the age of 74 years. She was buried in Falling Spring Presbyterian Church cemetery, Rockbridge Co., VA. Elizabeth was the daughter of Porter, Benjamin and Campbell, Ann. She married Grigsby, John in 1764-00-0016.

Notes for Porter, Elizabeth

Note: b. also February 27, 1732/33/34 in Orange Co. Va., 1734, and 1745; m. also abt. 1765

More about Porter, Elizabeth:

Burial: Falling Spring Presbyterian Church cemetery, Rockbridge Co., VA23.

Children of Porter, Elizabeth and Grigsby, John

i. Grigsby, Ann. She was born on 1766-06-15 in Culpepper Co., VA.

ii. Grigsby, Joseph. He was born on 1768-07-06 in Culpepper Co., VA. He died in 1820-12-00 in At the home of Mr. Sharp, near Winchester, TN.

iii. Grigsby, Jane. She was born on 1769-11-17 in Culpepper Co., VA. She died on 1832-11-15.

iv. Grigsby, Rachel. She was born on 1771-05-07 in Culpepper Co., VA. She died on 1841-01-07.

v. Grigsby, Martha. She was born on 1772-09-19 in Culpepper Co., VA. She died on 1868-10-04.

vi. Grigsby, Elisha [30]. He was born on 1774-05-17 in Culpepper Co., VA. He died on 1847-05-24 in Luray, VA.

vii. Grigsby, Elizabeth. She was born on 1776-03-10 in Culpepper Co., VA. She died on 1842-12-13.

viii. Grigsby, Frances. She was born on 1778-02-02 in Culpepper Co., VA.

ix. Grigsby, Reuben. He was born on 1780-06-05 in Rockbridge Co., VA, at "Fruit Hill". He died on 1863-02-06.

More about Porter, Elizabeth and Grigsby, John:

Marriage: 1764-00-0016. Marriage of Grigsby, John and Porter, Elizabeth.

48.         Porter, Abner. Abner was born on 1743-06-25 in Orange Co., VA. He died on 1812-04-20 in Orange Co., VA at the age of 68 years. Abner was the son of Porter, Benjamin and Campbell, Ann. He married Ingram, Hannah on 1768-11-1322.

Notes for Porter, Abner

Will Abstracts of Orange Co., VA (1778-1821)

Abstracted and Published by Ruth L. and Sam Sparacio

1320 Mayflower Drive

McLean, VA 22101

 

Orange County Will Book 5

pp. 4 - 7

Will of Abner Porter.

...will and devise to my son, William, all that part of the tract of land whereon I live

...to my two sons, Benjamin and Samuel ...(rest of tract)

...to my daughter, Nancy

...to my daughter, Burlinda

...to each of my married daughters, Franky Robertson, Elizabeth H. Grigsby, Lucy Beazley, and Maria Cave

...to my beloved wife, Hannah ...slaves, mansion house, yeard and gardens ...to six daughters, all my right, title and interest that I may have under the will of my late brother, Benjamin, to the tract of land now in the possession of his widow, Mary Porter ...(also to six daughters) ...right , title and interest ...land in the State of Kentucky ...appoint my two sons, William and Benjamin, my son in law, Richard Cave, and my friend, William Madison, executors ...this 20th day of April 1814. Abner Porter

 

In the presence of

John Clark, Jacob Walter

John Taliaferro, William Watts.

At a court held ...27th June 1814 ...proved ...

At a court held ...22nd August following ...motion of Benjamin F. Porter and Richard Cave, two of the executors ...Benjamin F. Porter ...with Augustine Webb, Thomas Eddins and William Watts, his securities ...Richard Cave ...with Oliver Terrill and Robert Terrill, his securites ...bond in the penalty of ten thousand dollars.

49.         Ingram, Hannah. Hannah was born on 1750-08-16. Hannah is the daughter of Ingram, John and Hawkins, Elizabeth. She married Porter, Abner on 1768-11-1322.

Children of Ingram, Hannah and Porter, Abner

i. Porter, Elizabeth Hawkins [31]. She was born on 1778-09-24. She died on 1843-09-01.

ii. Porter, Verlinda Alexander. She was born on 1793-04-06. She died in 1846-00-00.

iii. Porter, Samuel S.. He was born on 1795-05-27 in Orange Co., VA. He died on 1870-06-16.

More about Ingram, Hannah and Porter, Abner:

Marriage: 1768-11-1322. Marriage of Porter, Abner and Ingram, Hannah.

Generation 7

50.         Cardwell, John. John was born on 1709-07-02 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England. He died on 1776-09-21 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England at the age of 67 years. He was buried on 1776-09-21 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England. John was the son of Cardwell, John. He married Wainwright, Martha on 1736-11-28 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England.

Notes for Cardwell, John

John Cardwell was the only surviving son of his father, becoming heir to the estate when his father died in 1757.

More about Cardwell, John:

Baptism: 1709-07-02, Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England.

Burial: 1776-09-21, Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England.

51.         Wainwright, Martha. Martha was born on 1706-05-25 in Otulane, Yorkshire, England. She married Cardwell, John on 1736-11-28 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England.

More about Wainwright, Martha:

Married Name: Martha Wainwright Cardwell

Children of Wainwright, Martha and Cardwell, John

i. Cardwell, William [36]. He was born on 1737-06-05 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England. He died on 1773-06-22 in Briestwisle, England.

ii. Cardwell, Mary. She was born on 1739-02-03 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England.

iii. Cardwell, Hannah. She was born on 1745-10-13 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England.

iv. Cardwell, Joseph. He was born on 1745-10-13 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England.

v. Cardwell, Elizabeth. She was born on 1748-03-12 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England.

More about Wainwright, Martha and Cardwell, John:

Marriage: 1736-11-28, Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England. Marriage of Cardwell, John & Wainwright, Martha.

52.         Fields, John. John was born about 1716-00-00. He died in 1778-00-00 at the age of 62 years. He married Milbert, Sarah between 1735-00-00 and 1750-00-00.

53.         Milbert, Sarah. Sarah was born about 1720-00-00 in Possibly NY or PA. She married Fields, John between 1735-00-00 and 1750-00-00.

Children of Milbert, Sarah and Fields, John

i. Fields, Andrew [46]. He was born about 1750-00-00 in Probably PA. He died on 1779-05-11 in Bedford Co, VA.

More about Milbert, Sarah and Fields, John:

Marriage: between 1735-00-00 and 1750-00-00. Marriage of Fields, John and Milbert, Sarah.

54.         Galbraith, Alexander. Alexander was born before 1720-00-00 in Scotland. He died in 1792-00-00 in Campbell Co., VA at the age of 72 years. Alexander was the son of Galbraith, John and , Margaret. He married Miller, Agnes Nancy in 1746-00-00 in Bucks Co, PA.

Notes for Galbraith, Alexander

According to "Hundred Hunter Cousins" by Harriett A. Chilton, July 1976, they were said to have been run out of PA by the Indians. "They weretold by a friendly Indian that the stockade would be burned that night.They fled southward, and as they crossed the top of the ridge they looked back and saw the stockade in flames. At that time the British were inciting the Indians to attack the settlers all along the frontier aspart of their Revolutionary War strategy."

alexander galbreath's father may have been john galbreath of scottish descent

alex galbreath owned land in northhampton county pennsylvania near Allentown, Lehigh Co, in 1747, bought land in virginia in 1779

More about Galbraith, Alexander:

Relocated: about 1762-00-00, From Bucks Co, PA to Berkeley Co, VA.

55.         Miller, Agnes Nancy. Agnes Nancy was born in 1726-00-00 in Bucks Co, PA. She died about 1786-00-00 in Campbell Co., VA at the age of 60 years. Agnes Nancy was the daughter of Miller, Thomas and Thompson, Elizabeth Isabel. She married Galbraith, Alexander in 1746-00-00 in Bucks Co, PA.

More about Miller, Agnes Nancy:

Also Known As: Nancy14

Children of Miller, Agnes Nancy and Galbraith, Alexander

i. Galbreath, Isabel. She was born in 1747-00-00.

ii. Galbreath, Alexander. He was born in 1749-00-00.

iii. Galbreath, Thomas. He was born in 1751-00-00 in Bucks Co, PA.

iv. Galbreath, John. He was born in 1752-00-00.

v. Galbreath, Margaret [47]. She was born in 1754-00-00 in Northampton Co, PA. She died in 1835-00-00 in Campbell Co., VA.

vi. Galbreath, William. He was born in 1756-00-00.

vii. Galbreath, James. He was born on 1761-06-09 in Bucks Co, PA. He died in 1830-00-00 in Tennessee.

viii. Galbreath, Samuel Gaston. He was born on 1763-09-16 in Berkeley Co, VA. He died in 1850-00-00 in Tennessee.

ix. Galbreath, Agnes Anne. She was born in 1765-00-00.

More about Miller, Agnes Nancy and Galbraith, Alexander:

Marriage: 1746-00-00, Bucks Co, PA. Marriage of Galbraith, Alexander and Miller, Agnes Nancy.

56.         Walton, Edward Jr. Edward was born in 1682-00-00 in New Kent Co., VA. He died on 1720-04-27 in St. Peter's Parish, New Kent Co., VA at the age of 38 years. Edward was the son of Walton,. He married , Elizabeth.

Notes for Walton, Edward Jr.

The earliest proven ancestor in our direct Walton lineage is Edward Walton Jr. (ca 1672-1720) of New Kent County, Virginia.[1] Edward's wife was named Elizabeth[2] but could not have been a daughter of Lemuel and Ann (Seawell) Mason, as often accepted by Walton researchers. Depending on who is estimating the dates, Elizabeth Mason would have been almost a generation older than Edward Walton Jr., and would have commenced bearing children in her 40s. A marriage year of 1671 is given, which cites Edward Walton paying 5,000 pounds of tobacco to marry Elizabeth.[3].If so, she was childless for twenty-three years before her first child was born in 1694. It doesn't fit. Also, the Masons and Waltons lived in different cultural and geographic bands of Virginia, that is, the James River versus the York River water basins. In Colonial Virginia, intermarriage usually occurred within the same geo-cultural band. New Kent was a long distance from Norfolk. We conclude that Elizabeth's maiden name was not Mason. There is no direct evidence, and the circumstantial evidence is not sufficient to build a case. We concur that Elizabeth Mason of Lemuel married a Walton, but his given name is not in the records.

On March 7, 1701/02, Edward Jr. was commissioned an ensign in the New Kent County Militia.[4]

The father of Edward Walton Jr. may or may not have been named Edward Sr. In seventeenth and eighteenth century Virginia, the titles junior and senior were given to show relationships between ages of persons, and not necessarily to show a father-son relationship or other kinship. For example, Virginia County land and tax records sometimes designated a person as "John Doe of John" or "John Doe of Edward." The designation John Doe Jr. meant something different; that this John Doe was younger than the other John Doe who lived in the same political jurisdiction.

[Edward's great-grandson, George Walton, was the first governor of Georgia, serving in 1779/80, and was the first U. S. Senator elected in Georgia, in 1795. He was also one of the Signers of the Declaration of Independence. Walton County, Georgia was named for him. George was the Grandson of Robert Walton Sr., and the son of Robert Walton Jr. Robert Jr. died when George was an infant, and he and his sister were raised by their uncle (also named George Walton; Uncle George was a close friend of Patrick Henry, who was also the family's attorney.)]

Children of Edward Jr. and Elizabeth Walton:

1. Robert Walton was born circa 1694, probably in New Kent County, and died after 1734. Robert married Frances Sherwood, 1697-1780.

2. Mary Walton was baptized in St. Peter's Parish, Dec. 4, 1698. Nothing more is known about her.

3. William Walton was baptized on Dec. 25, 1700 in St. Peter's Parish, New Kent County, and died in Cumberland County, Virginia in 1747. He married Susannah Cobb.

4. Thomas Walton Sr. was baptized Feb. 20, 1703/1704 in St. Peter's Parish, New Kent County, and died in 1772 in Cumberland County, Virginia.[5] In 1734, Thomas married Martha Cox, daughter of George and Martha Cox of Henrico County, Virginia.

5. Elizabeth Walton was baptized at St. Peter's on Feb. 4, 1707; she may have married Peter Rowlett, son of William and frances (Worsham) Rowlett, although this is unproven. Peter Rowlett died in Lunenburg County, Virginia in 1754. His widow Elizabeth was given a letter of administration, which a George Walton (presumably nephew) was the security for the administration bond.[6]

6. John Walton Sr. was born in St. Peter's Parish, New Kent County, on Aug. 7, 1709, and died in Henrico County in 1772. John married Mary Sims, and settled on land in Henrico County that is now in Louisa County.

_________________________________

[1] One Edward Walton Sr. allegedly died in 1688, but the compiler has not seen the documentation. It is possible that Edward Walton Jr. was not a son of an Edward Sr. During early times, Jr. was given to the younger of two persons with the same name, regardless of relationship. [2] "The Register of St. Peter's Parish", New Kent County, Virginia, says that "Elizabeth, wife of Edwd Walton, Departed this Life April 5th, 1717." [3] Margaret Bickel Adams, "Old Burke County (NC) Relatives", (Privately Printed), Margaret Bickel Adams, 301 Broad Street, Marion, NC 28752-4515, 2000 [4] Lloyd DeWitt Bockstruct, "Virginia's Colonial Soldier's", (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc.), p. 217. [5] Cumberland County, Virginia WillBook 2, pp. 54-55. [6] Lunenburg County, Virginia Will Book I, p. 131.

-- From "Waltons of Old Virginia" by Wilmer L. Kerns, Ph.D., pp. 9-10, 54-55

More about Walton, Edward Jr.:

Unknown: Mormon Ancestral File #3855-OT.

57.          , Elizabeth. Elizabeth died on 1717-04-05. She married Walton, Edward Jr..

Children of , Elizabeth and Walton, Edward Jr.

i. Walton, Robert. He was born about 1694-00-00 in New Kent Co., VA. He died after 1734-00-00.

ii. Walton, Mary. She was born about 1698-12-04 in New Kent Co., VA.

iii. Walton, William. He was born about 1700-12-25 in New Kent Co., VA. He died on 1747-05-25 in Cumberland Co., VA.

iv. Walton, Thomas Sr. [48]. He was born about 1703/4-02-20 in New Kent Co., VA. He died on 1772-04-27 in Cumberland Co., VA.

v. Walton, Elizabeth. She was born about 1707-02-04 in New Kent Co., VA.

vi. Walton, John Sr.. He was born on 1709-08-07 in St. Peter's Parish, New Kent Co., VA. He died in 1772-00-00 in Henrico Co., VA.

58.         Cox, George. George is the son of Cox, Bartholomew and , Rebecca. He married , Martha.

59.          , Martha. She married Cox, George.

Notes for , Martha

maiden name not known but not nee Stratton

Children of , Martha and Cox, George

i. Cox, Martha [49]. She was born in 1720-00-00 in Cumberland Co., VA. She died in 1798-00-00 in Cumberland Co., VA.

60.         Armistead, John. John was born in 1718/9-00-00. He died in 1769-00-00 at the age of 51 years. He married Harrison, Hannah.

61.         Harrison, Hannah. Hannah is the daughter of Harrison, William and , Elizabeth. She married Armistead, John.

Notes for Harrison, Hannah

daughter of William and Elizabeth Harrison of Westmoreland County

Children of Harrison, Hannah and Armistead, John

i. Armistead, William [50]. He was born about 1741-00-00. He died about 1823-00-00.

62.         McDowell, Ephraim. Ephraim was born in 1673-03-00 in Ireland. He died about 1780-00-00 in Rockbridge Co., VA at the age of 107 years. Ephraim was the son of McDowell, Thomas and Locke, Ann. He married Irvine, Margaret in Ireland.

Notes for McDowell, Ephraim

He is of Scotch Irish anscestory. On 9 Dec 1688, he answered the call for the defense of Londonderry, Londonderry, Ireland. In the 1720's/30's (in the old age of Ephraim) the family came to Virginia via Pennsylvania to Rockbridge County, VA near Lexington. They arrived in Rockbridge County in the fall of 1737. They possibly arrived in Pennsylvania, on the good ship "George and Ann" on 4 Sep 1729. There were a number of McDowells on the ship; many from County Longford, Ireland, a John McDowell of Dublin; a James McDowell, who had several children too died on the trip and were thrown over board, the first on 8 Jun 1729; a John McDowell; and, the sister, brother and wife of Andrew McDowell. The relationship of John McDowell, the immigrante and Joseph McDowell, the immigrante (John and Joseph were brothers) to Ephraim is not proven, however it is believed they are nephews or sons of a cousin of Ephraim.

His birth year has been given as 1672 and birth place as Londonderry, Londonderry, Ireland.

==================================

Ephriam McDowell was descended from Somerled (or Somervil), Lord of the Isles, then from his son Dougall who founded the Clan of Dougall or MacDougal, one of the eldest of the fifty-two Highland Clans proper. In the coat of arms of the McDougals or McDowells ins quartered the lymphiad or ancient four-eared galley found in the armorial bearings of the clans of the western part of Scotland.

Ephriam's family fled from Scotland to Ireland and settled near Londonberry. Ephriam was born in 1672 in Londonberry County. He was only sixteen years of age when on December 9, 1688, McDonell of Antrim approached the walls of Londonberry. Ephriam went to the defense of the heroic town and assisted in closing the gates against the intruders. He also fought against the forces of James II at Boyne River.

In Londonderry Ephriam met and married Margaret Irvine, daughter of James Irvine, a neighbor of the McDowells. They had four children: James, Mary Elizabeth, Margaretta, and John. Ephriam's wife, Margaret, died in Ireland.

When Ephriam was past middle age, he and his two sons and two daughters immigrated to America. A number of Scotch-Irish families left Dublin on May 3, 1729, on two ships: the John of Dublin and the George and Ann. Several McDowell families were on the George and Ann, but ten members of these families died in passage. The others landed at Philadelphia in August, 1729, and settled in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.

In 1737 Ephriam, his son John, his son-in-law James Greenlee (1707 - 1757) and his daughter Mary Elizabeth McDowell Greenlee (1711 - 1809) moved to Virginia. His son James and his daughter Margaretta probably moved to Virginia on a different date or dates. Later some of the McDowells and Greenlees moved to North Carolina, but James remained in Virginia and became a prominent citizen. Margaretta married James Mitchell. John married Magdalene Woods, was killed by the Indians, and is buried in Virginia.

-- From "Roots by Jen" via http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=roots-by-jen&id=I348 @ RootsWeb.com

----------------------------------------------

Biography: Ephraim Mc Dowell was born March 3, 1672 in County Longford, Londonderry, Northern Ireland. He died 1770 in Augusta County, Virginia. He was a descendant of the ancient and warlike clan of the McDowells of Galloway. Ephraim McDowell was from the historic race of Dowall, sprung from Dougall and from intermarriage with the Campbells, Irvines, and Douglasses, was reckoned among the most powerful of the warlike septs that fought in the Presbyterian wars under the leadership of the Campbells, Earls of Argyll. Some family records indicate Ephraim was born in County Antrim, Ireland and his year of death was in 1770 at the age of 98 in Augusta County, Virginia.

The McDowells and Irvines of Castle Irvine and of Bonshaw Castle, nine miles from Lockerbie, Dumfrieshire, Galloway, Scotland) often intermarried and manufactured linen in a linen mill along the Ballywallog river in Glenoe, near Larne, County Antrim, Northern Ireland from 1584 until declining business forced their emigration to America....by the years 1724 and 1729.

Biography: Alexander McDowell was a Presbyterian minister. He was licensed July 30, 1740. He was ordained to go as an Evangelist to Virginia and to itinerate in New Castle Presbytery. The Synod's school was entrusted to him, and was finally removed to Newark, Delaware. In 1767, the school was chartered as an academy by the Proprietary, John Penn. Dr. Ewing and Hugh Williamson visited Great Britain to solicit funds for its endowment; they were successful and Ewing brought back six or seven thousand dollars, a large sum for those times. In 1771, Newark Academy had 71 students. Alexander died 12 January 1782, having never married. Alexander had visited Virginia in the 1740's as recorded in records from Orange County and probably visited his relatives there.

Ephraim's father (Abraham McDowal [1648]) left Scotland with his father, Joseph "the Calvinist" and with his family during the period of the English Civil Wars (abt. 1650). The name Mc Dowell is a modification of the Gaelic: Mac Dhu ghall, or MacDougal, meaning son or descendant of the dark stranger or Dane. The name was given over ten centuries ago to Norse settlers in Galloway, Scotland and the descendants of a son of Prince Fergus and Princess Elizabeth de Galloway, daughter of King Henry I of England.

Ephraim McDowell was one of the apprentice boys who shut the gates to Londonderry at the siege of Londonderry at the age of 16, and later fought at the Battle of Boyne River, in 1690. His brother, John, supposedly died during the Siege, but may have been confused with brother Charles, of which little is known, other than the fact that the three brothers were present at the Siege of Londonderry in 1689. In Ireland, young Ephraim became a blacksmith in Glenoe, near Larne in Antrim. It is there that he married his first cousin, Margaret Irvine, the great granddaughter of the 10th Laird of Drum Castle in Scotland. Long, long ago, a visitor to Glenoe, wrote, "Passing down the one long street of that village, bordered on each side by tall stone houses, once the property of the Irvines and the Mc Dowells, we come on the blacksmith shop of Ephraim McDowell, which looks as if he had laid down his hammer but yesterday. I followed the narrow rocky street until I came to the linen mills, once belonging to the Irvines, Wylies, and McDowells. The Ballyvallog furnished the water power that turned these wheels of many mills, so sadly silent now. It is a narrow stream and runs across a beautiful brae, falling 75 feet into a well-shaped opening in sold rock into a pool. From this the water leaps over an immense stone that crosses the space at the bottom of the opening of this well, formed by nature and just opposite the waterfall.

Many historians have written that he brought his family to America on the "George and Anne," but the passenger list for that ship, although it lists a number of McDowells, does not include Ephraim and his family. It is possible that they came on the "John of Dublin" at about the same time (1729), but that has not yet been verified. After an extraordinary 118 day arduous voyage (May 29 to September 4), they finally arrived at the port of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It is reported, but unconfirmed, that 10 McDowells died on the voyage to America. The passengers of the "George and Anne" left County Down and sailed from Belfast. Families onboard included McElroys, McDowells, Campbells, McKees, and Irvines. It is said that seven of his wife's (Margaret Irvine) brothers also came to America at the same time.

Ephraim first settled in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania for a time, then on down the Great Wagon Road in Virginia to Borden's Grant in Augusta and Rockbridge County, Virginia becoming the first settlers there. They are believed to have settled for a while near Carlisle, Pennsylvania, where his daughter, Mary Elizabeth married James Greenlee. In Virginia, letters were sent to their kindred and co-religionists in Pennsylvania, Ireland, and Scotland. Soon Borden's Grant was filled with Scots Presbyterians. Ephraim, although already an old man in his sixties, was credited with building the first road through the Blue Ridge Mountains to connect the Shenandoah valley with the tidewater country. Ephraim was religious, moral, intelligent, and shrewd. He used the opportunities offered to reap and store a fortune considered very large in those days. Ephraim was a remarkably intelligent man and was believed by the ignorant to possess supernatural powers. He was nearly 7 feet tall and of stalwart frame, and it is said, of a terrible countenance. Even in his old age, he busied himself in shrewd business dealings accumulating great land wealth and establishing schools and churches.

The first son of his son John, Samuel McDowell, was born in Pennsylvania. About 1737 Ephraim went with his family down the Shenandoah trail to settle near what is now Fairfield, Virginia (off Highway 11 between Staunton and Lexington) becoming the first settlers in this area. Ephraim, with his son and son-in-law James Greenlee, left Pennsylvania to go to John Lewis, a relative who had left Ireland some years before and about 1732 had settled on the Middle River in the Shenandoah Valley, in what was known as Beverly Manor, near the present town of Staunton. It was their intention to locate near him. While on their way, when in camp on Lewis' Creek, a tributary of the South River, Benjamin Borden, Sr., joined them one night. He offered a thousand acres of land to anyone who would conduct him to his grant of land. This offer was promptly accepted by John Mc Dowell. The three men conveyed their families to the home of John Lewis and then piloted Borden to what has since been known as "Borden's Grant." In consideration of a liberal share of the claim, the two McDowells and James Greenlee then undertook to assist in carrying out Borden's contract for him, and before the close of the year removed their own families to the grant, where they permanently settled - the first three settlers in that part of the Valley.

Ephraim served in the Augusta County militia until 1743, when he was exempted from further service due to his age (70 years). He lived in Augusta County until his death, having accumulated an estate which was regarded as very large in those days. He was esteemed by all for his intelligence, usefulness and probity, wielding a singular and beneficent influence among the intrepid and independent spirits by whom he was surrounded, and retaining the possession of his faculties to the last.

The date of his death is probably 1770 as family tradition has it that he died at age 98. Ephraim died not until the break of the American Revolution and not until he had heard the praises bestowed on his grandchildren for their bravery at the Battle of Point Pleasant in 1774.

Ephraim died in Timber Ridge on the Borden Tract, Rockbridge County, Virginia.

A staunch Scots/Irish Presbyterian, Ephraim is buried at the site of Maryland Tavern owned by his son, Capt. John. A monument erected in the mid 1800's by the children of his great grandson, Governor James Mc Dowell of Virginia shows that he died "about 1780". On the marker at the McDowell burial ground near Fairfield, Virginia, Ephraim's inscription reads:

"Near this spot repose the remains of Ephraim McDowell, the first of his name in America who died about 1780...."

1. Americans of Gentle Birth and Their Ancestors, pp. 189, 299.

2. Adams, Margaret Bickel, "Family Connections Along the Blue Ridge."

3. Perdue, Lemuel Ford, "A History of the McDowell Family."

4. History of Augusta Co.

5. History of Rockbridge Co.

6. Crook,Jr., John A., (M.D.), McDowell and Related Families - A genealogy,Mc Kee Printing Company, Greensboro, North Carolina, 1975.

7. Greenlee, Ralph Stebbins and Greenlee, Robert Lemuel, Genealogy of the Greenlee Families in America, Scotland, Ireland and England, Chicago, Illinois, privately printed, 1908, p. 627.

-- From Thomas Bledsoe's GEDCOM @ http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=thomasbledsoe&id=I10123 RootsWeb.com

-------------------------------------------------

From manuscripts of Col. Thomas Marshall Green and Miss Mary Davidson.

Among the most warlike of the clans that ranged themselves with the Campbells, to whom they were allied by blood and intermarriages, under the standard of McCallum More, in the series of struggles which led to the expulsion of the right line of Stuarts from the British throne, were the sons of Dowall [or MacDowell; also MacDougall and McDougal in early Scotch history]. They were Presbyterians of the strictest sect, and deeply imbued with the love of civil and religious liberty which has ever characterized the followers of John Knox. One of these was one of the most respectable of the colonists from Scotland and England who settled in the north of Ireland during the protectorate of Cromwell. Among other children, this colonist, McDowell, had a son named Ephraim, which would of itself indicate the stock of the Covenanters.

EPHRAIM McDowell was born in March, 1673; died about 1780 in Rockbridge County, Virginia; married in Ireland, his cousin MARGARET IRVINE who died in Ireland, and was a daughter of James Irvine and Margaret Wylie.

CHILDREN:

I. Mary Elizabeth McDowell born November 17, 1712; married James Greenlee [see p. 221].

II. John McDowell, born in 1714; married Magdalene Woods.+

III. Margaretta McDowell; married James Mitchell. They moved to South Carolina and there became wealthy. They suffered greatly when the British overran that state during the Revolution. They had four sons in the southern army--all officers. Two were killed at Camden and one received a wound in the leg, which finally caused his death. Major Mitchell, the eldest son, was taken prisoner at Charleston and was sent to Virginia to be exchanged. He remained at Rockbridge several months among his relatives. His son, Thomas Mitchell, married Sarah Hawkins, daughter of Benjamin Hawkins and Martha Burden. Their son, Thomas Mitchell, Jr., settled in Danville, Kentucky, and had a family--He was cashier of a bank in Danville. The descendants of Margaretta McDowell and James Mitchell, through their daughter Mary who married her cousin James Greenlee [see p. 230] are to be found still living in South Carolina. They were all people of wealth and influence from early times in that state, and are so still.

IV. James McDowell; married near Williamsburg, Virginia. His sons died young. He left daughters who married, but nothing is known of their descendants.

EPHRAIM McDOWELL was the progenitor of the family of that name in Rockbridge County, Virginia and Kentucky. His father was obliged to leave Scotland in the time of civil war, and with his family moved to Ireland. Ephraim was only sixteen years of age when, on the 9th of December, 1688 McDonnell of Antrim approached the walls of Londonderry, and he was one of the Scotch-Irish Presbyterians who flew to the defense of that heroic town and assisted in closing the gates against the intruding natives. He fought at Boyne river [or "Boyne Water" as the Irish say] as well as at Londonderry.

Ephraim McDowell was past middle life when, with his sons John and James and two daughters, he emigrated to America. The exact date of emigration is not known. The journals of Charles Clinton (founder of the well-known New York family of that name), gives an account of the voyage of the George and Ann in company with the John of Dublin, both vessels leaving Ireland on the 20th of May, 1729, and arriving on the American coast in August of that year. On board the George and Ann there appears to have been several families of McDowells, ten of whom died on the passage and all going to Pennsylvania. From the similarity of this and other names, it would seem that Ephraim McDowell and his family, beside a number of his kindred, were among the passengers. At any rate, it was about this time that Ephraim McDowell came over, and with him a number of Irvins, McElroys and Campbells--all settling in the same Pennsylvania county. He remained in Pennsylvania several years. In the fall of 1737, with his son John and son-in-law James Greenlee, he left Pennsylvania to go to John Lewis, a relative who had left Ireland some years before and about 1732 had settled on the Middle River in the Shenandoah Valley, in what was known as Beverly Manor, near the pesent town of Staunton. It was their intention to locate near him. While on their way, when in camp on Lewis' Creek, a tributary of the South River, Benjamin Borden, Sr., joined them one night. He offered a thousand acres of land to anyone who would conduct him to his grant of land. This offer was promptly accepted by John McDowell. The three men conveyed their families to the home of John Lewis and then piloted Borden to what has since been known as "Borden's Grant." In consideration of a liberal share of the claim, the two McDowells and James Greenlee then undertook to assist in carrying out Borden's contract for him, and before the close of the year removed their own families to the grant, where they permanently settled--the first three settlers in that part of the Valley. They soon drew around them other Scotch and Scotch-Irish families: McClungs, McElroys, McCampbells, McKees, Paxtons, Caruthers, Cowans, Campbells, Lyles, Irvins, Caldwells, Colquhouns, Stuarts--names which have since illuminated every page of Southern and Western history. In the field, in the pulpit, at the bar, in the senate, by their eloquence, learning, courage and patriotism, everywhere they have been conspicuous and have helped to build up and render famous the country with whose history and growth their illustrious names are identified.

Ephraim McDowell lived in Augusta County until his death, having accumulated an estate which was regarded as very large in those days. He was esteemed by all for his intelligence, usefulness and probity, wielding a singular and beneficent influence among the intrepid and independent spirits by whom he was surrounded, and retaining the possession of all his faculties to the last. He is buried in an enclosed cemetery between Lexington and Staunton, Virginia. The children of Governor James McDowell, together with the children of his sisters, Mrs. Taylor and Nrs. Benton, erected there a monument to their grandfather Colonel James McDowell. Ephraim McDowell's name appears upon the monument, as will be seen in the following copy of the inscriptions upon said monument which is cut out of the dark marble common in Rockbridge County.

North Face. Near this spot repose the remains of Ephraim McDowell, the first of his name in America, who died about 1780; John McDowell, his son, who was killed by the Indians in 1742; (December 25th) James McDowell, his son, born 1739, died 1772, and Elizabeth his wife, who died about 1810; and also their daughter Elizabeth McGavock, who died 1803.

East Face. James McDowell was born August, 1770 and died September, 1838. Distinguished by native talent of high order, a gallant and fearless spirit, a noble sense of justice, a lofty courage and an invincible power of will, he lived honorably and usefully, discharging with singular ability and fidelity, the trusts, civil and military, committed to him, and died universally regretted. His remains repose here with those of his ancestors for three generations.

West Face. Sarah McDowell, daughter of Col. William Preston, and wife of James McDowell, was born May 23, 1768, and died July 3rd, 1841. Born in the stormy period of our national history, her character, moulded by the spirit and developed by the struggle of the times, was eminently truthful, patriotic and elevated; Yet to those traits she added the gentler qualities of the tender and devoted woman and the sincere christian.

South Face. To commemorate the virtues, to perpetuate the memory; to record the truth, honor, patriotism and public and social fidelity that impressed the generations to which they belonged and enabled them to transmit an honored name to their descendants; and also to testify the gratitude and reverence of their family,

This Monument is erected to their grandparents, James and Sarah McDowell, by the surviving children of Susan P. Taylor, Elizabeth Benton, and James McDowell, in the year 1855.

- From "Genealogy of the Greenlee Families in America, Scotland, Ireland and England" (pp 616-619)

------------------------------------------

The McDowell Brothers of New Jersey and Pennsylvania:

The brothers Alexander, John, and William McDowell immigrated to America by 1718, perhaps as early as 1714-15. Both Alexander and John were described as mariners and surveyors in early Pennsylvania records. Alexander McDowell is listed as a land purchaser on Penn land along the Peapack on the Raritan in Somerset County, New Jersey along with the Pettinger and many Dutch families. Both John and Alexander are referred to as brothers in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware records.

By 1721, both John and Alexander owned property in New Castle County, Delaware. John McDowell of New Castle County, Delaware died in 1736. It is this John McDowell (Sr.) who was the father of Charles, Robert, William, and Joseph McDowell of Pennsylvania, Virginia, and North Carolina. Two other sons (James and John Jr.) died young in Pennsylvania. Son James' widow Mary, moved her family to join the brothers in North Carolina.

John McDowell (Sr.)'s son Robert McDowell (b. 1709) joined John, Alexander, and William's brother Ephraim McDowell and family on their journey down to Virginia and received land headrights with them in 1737. (Ephraim having come later to America by 1731). Robert didn't stay in Virginia, but returned to Pennsylvania before finally joining his own brothers Charles, William, and Joseph (and brother James' widow Mary) in Anson County, North Carolina in 1750. Although brother Joseph received his grants in Anson County, North Carolina in 1750, he did not join his brothers there permanently until about 1762/63.

The elder William (brother of John, Ephraim, and Alexander) and wife Mary Irvine McDowell first settled in Chester County, Pennsylvania before moving to Wright's Ferry on the Susquehanna River. William McDowell's son Col. John McDowell (b. c1715) of Peter's Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania built McDowell's Mill - famous in frontier history as McDowell's Fort near Bridgeport during the French & Indian War.

The Fateful Voyage of the George and Anne:

Records exist describing one particular voyage of the McDowells to America, that of the George and Anne. However, the best of trips lasted 2 to 3 weeks. The voyage of the McDowells on the ship George and Anne took nearly 4 1/2 months. At least 86 souls, of a total of 168 passengers, lost their lives on that voyage, including 12 members of the McDowell family. The ship was overloaded with people, the rations were short or just barely enough, the food was vermin ridden, and the water was stagnant and scummy. The following describes a rather severe ocean voyage of the period and is not atypical:

"The ship - Sully - set sail for Philadelphia on the 31st of May and at first was blown off course northward. The weather turned very cold and icebergs were sighted. By the 10th of August, the weather had turned very warm and rations were down to 1 # of bread per passenger per week. Two weeks later, the ration was cut further. In the next 12 days, they were reduced to 2 biscuits per week. Hunger and thirst reduced the passengers to shadows. Many killed themselves by drinking salt water or their own urine. They were saved only by a providential rain. On September 2nd, they finally sighted land. This journey had lasted 14 weeks or 3 months."

The voyage of the George and Anne was even worse. This is the story of their terribly voyage. The passengers of the George and Anne were mostly friends and neighbors from County Longford in Northern Ireland, supplemented by a few last minute additions in Dublin. The organizer of the expedition was Mr. Charles Clinton. The passengers were nearly all free people who paid their own way to go to the land, which they perceived as offering a better opportunity. They intended to land in Pennsylvania but actually landed on Cape Cod - after a horrendous 4 month voyage in which most of them perished.

Mr. Clinton kept a journal (or diary) of the voyage, stating his journey began from the County of Longford on Friday the 9th day of May. He and his family arrived next at Dublin on the 12th and embarked on the George and Anne on the 18th, with the ship getting underway from Dublin on the 20th of May. On the River Liffey in Dublin, just above the O'Connell Street Bridge and about one mile from the ingress of the Irish Sea is where the George and Anne set sail for America. The ship next arrived at anchor at Glenarm (County Antrim) on the 24th, departing the next day. On the 26th, the ship came to anchor at Green Castle in the Lough of Foyle where it remained until the 29th of May, then set sail in the company of the John of Dublin, bound for Newcastle, Ireland. The ship caught sight of Loughsuly (Lough Swilly) on the 30th, and sailed past Tory Island and Hornhead, bound for America. The night of the 30th of May, a strong wind arose and continued through the evening of the 1st of June. The crew loosened the Bowsprit with Hazard of the Masts. On the 2nd of June, the ship caught a fair breeze and set a westerly course. Clinton's daughter Catherine and son James fell sick with the measles on the 3rd of June and this marks the beginning of that epidemic, according to Clinton's diary, which would claim the lives of many of the children on board.

The winds continued westerly through the 5th of June, when the first child died. On the 7th the George and Anne, presumably still in company with the John of Dublin, met the ship Mary from Pennsylvania from which she had sailed in 5 weeks and 5 days. On the 8th of May, 1729, a child of James McDowell died and its body was committed to the deep. Two days later, the winds had come to East and were now Southerly, and turning more Easterly on the 11th. On the 12th of June, the winds blew North and East as a fresh gale by which the sailed 40 leagues in 20 hours and found that the ship was at position 49 degrees 20 minutes North Latitude by observation. During this point, addition passengers and their servants began dying a rate of at least one a day, with addition children becoming ill and succumbing to the measles epidemic. Conditions were beginning to deteriorate rapidly, with one instance of a servant throwing himself over the side and drowning. On the 17th of June, the winds came to the south and continued with a violent gale to the 18th driving the ship off its westerly course and further south.

According to the ship's journal, on the 12th of June the George and Anne was on a direct northern course from Ireland to Pennsylvania, but by the 21st the reading puts them far south of the Azores in the region of the Canary Islands, off the northwest coast of Africa. This indicates that Captain Rhymer, the ship's master, was either incompetent of determining his position, or incompetent of maintaining his course. The stated position is well south in the Horse Latitudes, the area of the Atlantic where sailing ships risked laying motionless adrift, without benefit of wind for long periods. The ship was reported in the journal entry for the 21st in a perfect calm (no wind) at position 27 degrees 30 minutes North latitude. On the 28th of July, the winds turn favorable with a West by Northwest heading. The Journal continues recording the deaths of the passengers on board through 7 July including the death of another child of James McDowell on that date. Just two days prior they had sighted the Azores at 40 degrees 09 minutes North latitude, 32 degrees 33 minutes West longitude. On the 7th of July, Clinton's journal is no longer being kept and falls silent. By this time multiple deaths were occurring every day.

Apparently there was a long hiatus in Clinton's journal (diary) from 7 July to 4 October. Prior to this point, Mr. Clinton lists 16 deaths. In the list that followed, he listed 78 deaths (some apparently duplicated from the first list). Perhaps Mr. Clinton was sick, or perhaps there was so much dissension and thoughts of mutiny on board that he was too busy to continue the diary during this hiatus period. In the later "Recapitulations", it appears that a total of 80 or 85 died during the voyage. There was a measles epidemic on board, and probably some of the children succumbed to this. Also, in a 4 month voyage, it was routine in those days for many to die of scurvy (lack of vitamin C). However, most of the deaths on this long voyage of the George and Anne were probably due to the incredible overcrowding and inevitable spoilage of food in 4 months, with intractable, epidemic, fatal diarrhea, and vomiting.

For example, Christopher Columbus' Santa Maria (1492) was about the same size (100 tons gross weight, compared to 90 tons for the George and Anne) but carried only 50 people on its voyage of little more than two months (compared to an apparent load of 168 passengers plus an unknown number of crew on the George and Anne). As the George and Anne was a chartered ship, it was stuffed with as many passengers as possible to collect as many fares as possible. The ship finally reached land fall off the Continent of America on the 4th day of October, 1729 on Cape Cod. Some accounts indicate that the actual anchorage of the George and Anne in America was off Momoloy Island, of the county of Barnstable, Massachusetts. After wintering over there, many of the surviving passengers migrated to the Little Britain (Orange County) part of New York. This settlement was located on the western shore of the Hudson River about 60 miles north of New York City.

Another document about the voyage relates the following: "On the 20th of May, 1729, the ship left Ireland. After being at sea for some time it was discovered that the Captain (Rhymer) had formed a design of starving his passengers to death, either with the view to obtain their property or to deter emigration. Several of the passengers actually died, among whom were a son and daughter of Mr. Clinton. In this awful situation it was proposed by the passengers to seize the captain and commit the navigation of the vessel to Mr. Clinton, who was an excellent mathematician; but the officers of the ship refusing to co-operate with them, they were deterred from this proceeding from the apprehension of incurring the charge of piracy. They were finally compelled to commute with the captain for their lives by paying a large sum of money; who, accordingly, landed them at Cape Cod on the 4th of October. Mr. Clinton and his friends continued in that part of the country until the spring of 1730, when they removed to the county of Ulster, in the province of New York, and formed a flourishing settlement called Little Britain."

Yet another document relates: "At last it was discovered by Col. Clinton that it was intentionally caused by the Captain, to starve out the passengers and lessen their number by death or otherwise, and thus possess himself of their money, of which there was considerable on board. The captain was seized, put in irons by the passengers, and the command given to the mate, who brought the ship in, in a few days."

The accompanying ship John of Dublin presumably continued its voyage and arrived at the port of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1729. Possibly on board the John of Dublin were possibly additional members of the McDowell family, as well as, related Campbells, Irvines, Mitchells, McElroys family members.

Members of the McDowell Family (18 total) on board the George and Anne:

Group 1: The James McDowell Family

James McDowell (survivor)

Margery McDowell (wife of James) (died at sea)

Matthew McDowell (survivor)

Patrick McDowell (died at sea)

Margaret McDowell (died at sea)

Margery McDowell (daughter of James) (died at sea)

George McDowell (died at sea)

Sarah McDowell (died at sea)

 

Group 2: The Andrew McDowell Family

Andrew McDowell, (Jr.) (survivor) (he later married Martha Giverans of Westchester Co., NY)

Elinor McDowell (survivor) (wife of Andrew who died a few years later)

James McDowell (survivor)

Mary McDowell (died at sea)

William McDowell (died at sea)

Jean McDowell (died at sea)

Sarah McDowell (died at sea)

Margaret McDowell (died at sea)

Boy McDowell (brother of Andrew) (died at sea)

 

Group 3: John McDowell (died at sea, along with traveling companion Thomas Cowin)

The twelve McDowells who died on the voyage of the George and Anne: James McDowell's wife (Margery) and five of his children died (Patrick, Margaret, Margery, George, and Sarah). (Group 1); Andrew McDowell's two brothers (William and James) and three sisters died (Mary, Jean, Sarah, and/or Margaret). (Group 2); John McDowell died. (Group 3) ...God Rest Their Souls...

The Palatine Germans who emigrated to America during the same period onboard the same British ships, tell of the disembarkation process at their destination:

"First the ones who could pay full price were allowed to pay and get off the boat. Next the healthy ones were sold (for indentured service) to their new masters for the full fee. Then the unhealthy ones were sold at auction. This process often took several weeks. If one of the family died (during the voyage), the rest of the family members were held accountable for passage fees of the deceased."

Despite all this, the Scots/Irish, like the Germans, thought they had found the promised land. But by the end of the first half of the 18th century, the peaceful coexistence of Palatine German and Scots/Irish immigrants had worn thin. Both held firm to their respective European cultural traditions and social and religious mores. In fact, by 1743 coexistence was no longer possible in cohabited parts of Pennsylvania as reflected by this account: "...the proprietaries, in consequence of the frequent disturbances between the governor and Irish (Scots/Irish) settlers, after the organization of York and Cumberland counties, gave orders to their agents to sell no lands in either York and Lancaster counties to the Irish; and also to make advantageous offers of removal to the Irish settlers on Paxton and Swatara, and Donegal townships, to remove to Cumberland county, which offers being liberal, were accepted by many (including some McDowells). "Du verfluchter Irischer" was used as a frequent epithet of reproach in former days."

Andrew McDowell (Sr.), of the George and Anne, lived for a time in Philadephia but eventually settled near Nottingham, Chester County, Pennsylvania where he was recruited as the Lt. Col. of the 2nd Pennsylvania Battalion of the Colonial Troops on 4 June 1759. Andrew was related in some close manner to the McDowells of Monmouth and Somerset Counties of New Jersey, including Alexander and John McDowell (d. 1736, later of New Castle County, Delaware). Andrew was also related in some manner to Ephraim McDowell of Virginia. A list of Andrew and his descendants (probably drawn from the pages from a family bible and written in the 1st person singular by Andrew McDowell) with names and birth/death dates can be found in the personal papers of Gov. James McDowell of Virginia, indicating a family connection to Ephraim's family. It is this author's contention that Andrew was most likely a son of Alexander McDowell who owned land on Peapack in Somerset County, New Jersey - and ancestor of the McDowells of Perth Amboy, New Jersey. This Alexander was a brother of Ephraim McDowell of Virginia and would explain the interest and connection to Ephraim and his descendants.

-- From http://members.tripod.com/leomcdowell/id27.htm "Coming to America", COPYRIGHT 2000 Leo B. McDowell

----------------------------------------------

John McDowell (born c1670, a brother of Ephraim McDowell of the Battle of the Boyne and later of Virginia, b. 1672), was believed to have not made the voyage to America. It was thought that perhaps he remained behind in Ireland, had died prior to other family members departure in 1729-31, or had died during the fateful voyage of the George and Ann in 1729. However, John and his brothers Alexander and William McDowell had imported themselves earlier to America around 1718-1719. Settling first in Monmouth and Somerset Counties in New Jersey. Alexander McDowell purchased former Penn land at Peapack on the Raritan River in Somerset County, New Jersey. John McDowell owned land in nearby New Castle County, Delaware. Both John and his brother Alexander were described as mariners in early colonial records. Alexander and his family ran ships out of Perth Amboy, New Jersey. It is at Perth Amboy, in about 1731, that Ephraim McDowell met up with his brothers before continuing westward into Pennsylvania and finally Virginia in 1736. Their brother William had settled at Parnell's Knob in 1719 and was well known in Chester and Lancaster Counties in Pennsylvania. John McDowell of New Castle County, Delaware died in 1738. John's death set about a new migration of his family members that eventually resulted in the initial population of McDowells in Anson County, North Carolina between 1748 and 1750.

When John McDowell of New Castle County, Delaware died in 1738, Charles and Joseph McDowell (later of North Carolina) removed to the area of present day Winchester, Frederick (old Orange) County, Virginia. His son Robert McDowell of New Castle County, bought land in Caln and Nottingham townships in Chester/Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. Robert went down to Virginia with Ephraim's family in 1737, but did not stay and later returned to Pennsylvania, possibly upon receiving news of his father John's death in 1738. Robert and his family, however, did later removed to Anson County, North Carolina by 1750 joining Charles McDowell, "Hunting" John McDowell, Mary McDowell, and Joseph McDowell in receiving their grants at the Royal Assembly at New Bern.

Ephraim, his son John, and his nephew Robert had all been present at the Orange County Virginia Court of Common Pleas on 28 February 1739 to receive their Virginia Headrights. Headrights were grants of 50 acres of land per "head" (or per white male over the age of 16) to those men who transported themselves to the colonies. By this reckoning, (provided his sons James and William were over 16 years old) Robert McDowell was entitled to 150 acres of land in Orange County Virginia. The Scots/Irish chose lands in America that closely resembled the areas from which they had come in Northern Ireland. Preferring the rolling hills and highlands of the Appalachian and Blue Ridge Mountains and fertile Cumberland and Shenandoah Valleys of Pennsylvania and Virginia. ... In September of 1737, Ephraim McDowell (already an old man at the age of nearly 65) and his sons John and James McDowell and his daughter Mary Elizabeth McDowell Greenlee and her husband James Greenlee were in camp on Linville (or Linn's) Creek in Rockingham (old Orange) County , Virginia. They were journeying down what was sometimes called the Indian Road, Great Wagon, or Pennsylvania Road. They were heading for the South River in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia. James McDowell had come in advance and had planted corn in 1736 in the valley opposite Woods Gap in the Shenandoahs. These McDowells had come out of County Antrim sailing from Larne or Belfast with their kin, the families McElroy, McCune, McCampbell, McKee, Moffett, and Irvine (the family of Ephraim's wife).

John Lewis, the son of Andrew and Mary Calhoun Lewis of Donegal and a close kinsman to the McDowells, had founded the Augusta settlement in the Shenandoahs in 1732. The McDowells had aided John Lewis in fleeing Ulster to America. A bounty of 50 pounds sterling was placed on him for his capture after he had killed his Irish Laird (landlord) Campbell. It seems that the young Laird, the son of Laird Mingho Campbell, at seeing the prosperity of John Lewis, decided that Lewis' rent on his estate should be increased. On going to Lewis' house with several of his hired ruffians, he was rebuffed and refused entry, whereupon he attempted to break in and take the Lewis' possessions. When this failed, one of the members of the Laird's group fired a musket through the view ports of Lewis' home, mortally wounding John Lewis' sick and bedridden brother and the same musket ball also struck John Lewis' wife Margaret's hand. Upon witnessing this, John Lewis flew into a rage, grabbed his shillelagh, and "clefted the Laird's skull in half, spilling brains and blood all about", killing him instantly. The McDowells, Calhouns, Kyles, MacLarrans and other kinsmen, sided with Lewis in this affair and provided him safe hiding until he could escape from Ireland to America. The MacLarrans and Kyles were kin to the McDowells from the days back in Scotland. ... The Charles McDowell family later left Conowingo, bound for the Beverly Manor, but instead settled on what was part of the Joist Hite (Heyde) grant in Winchester, Frederick (old Orange) County, Virginia by 1738. Charles and Rachel's only son John was born in 1714 in Gleno, County Antrim, Northern Ireland. They were soon followed into Virginia, as mentioned, by other members of the McDowell family led by Charles' uncle Ephraim, the old Presbyterian warrior and veteran of the Siege of Londonderry (1689) and the Battle of the Boyne (1690).

Ephraim McDowell with at least two of his sons (John and James), and daughter Mary Elizabeth McDowell Greenlee and her husband James Greenlee moved on from Pennsylvania and Maryland in September of 1737, enroute to their destination of Beverly's Manor in Virginia. It was just after the McDowells had established their camp in Virginia, that Benjamin Borden came along and arranged to spend the night with them. He told them he had received a grant from King George of 100,000 acres of land along the waters of the James River, provided he could find it. To the man who would show him the boundaries, Borden would give 1,000 acres. John McDowell, the son of Ephraim, replied that he was a surveyor, and would accept the offer. John McDowell showed his surveyor's equipment to Borden, and Borden, in turn, showed his grant papers. Later, at the home of the McDowell's kinsman (through Ephraims mother - a Calhoun) John Lewis in the Augusta Settlement, where they remained a few days, a more formal contract was entered into. This document of 1737 reads:

"This day John McDowell of Orange County in Virginia have agreed with Benjamin Borden of the same place that he and the said McDowell would go now with his family and his father and his Brothers and make four Settlements in the said Borden's land which was granted to the said Borden on this side of the blue ridge in the fork of said River, and said McDowell has also agreed with the said Borden that he sd McDowell would cut a good Road for Horses loaded with common Luggage and blaze the Trees all the way plain, and also the said McDowell has agreed with the said Benjamin Borden that he the said McDowell would go with the sd Borden and take account of the Settlement of Borden Land on the River at the place called Chimbly Stone and on Smith Creek and be evidence for the said Borden of all his settlements aforesaid, and in consideration of the premises the said Borden is to give one thousand acres of Land when he the said McDowell build in the sd fork of the sd River and the sd Borden is to give the said McDowell good lawfull Deed as the said Borden can get of the King clear of all charges excepting the quitrents & also the said Borden do here agree to give to these the other three Settlements six hundred acres of Land clear of all charges as before excepted and the said McDowell is to go down with a Compt (count) of all Settlements as aforesaid with Borden to his House by the tenth day of October next to go with said Borden to Col. Willis to price the Settlements as aforesaid as witness my hand."

BENJAMIN BORDEN

Accompanied by John McDowell (b. 1714), Ephraim's son, Borden went on from John Lewis' home and camped at a spring where Midway, Virginia is now, down to the outlet of the spring to the South River and continued to the mouth of the stream, and returning by that same course. Borden could now see that he was within the boundaries of his grant. John Lewis had built a cabin in 1732 on the farm that was later occupied by Andrew Scott in 1806. John Lewis' home was the 1st white man's settlement in the Borden Tract. John Lewis's gravesite is located on the outskirts of Staunton, Virginia not far from the Frontier Culture Museum. Before the chance meeting with Benjamin Borden, the McDowells had never heard of the Borden Tract, and it had been their intention to locate in Beverly Manor. William Beverly had received a grant from King George in September of 1736 for 118,491 acres of land in Virginia, north of what became the Borden Tract. Once the surveying of the tract was completed, Benjamin Borden wanted John McDowell to select his land on Hays Creek. John McDowell, having a keen eye for land would not accept brushy upland, which he deemed barren. He brought suit for a selection of land on Timber Ridge and won, to the chagrin of Borden who wanted that particular land for himself. The Houston family lived at Timber Ridge also and reported that during these times, the bison (buffalo) were plentiful and provided both meat and blankets. In the messages left behind by Samuel Houston, he provides a vivid description of pioneer life. Their homes were squared log cabins with massive fireplaces to burn whole logs. The plentiful poplar wood was used to carve into both cups and plates. It was a stark and severe life. Later, in April 1753, a smallpox outbreak took many in the Borden Tract including some of the John and Magdalene Woods McDowell (Borden Bowyer)'s children. ... The McDowells of Rockbridge and Augusta were founding fathers of not only the settlements of the Borden Tract but also the emerging latter communities of Lexington and Staunton. The McDowell Hotel on Main Street in Lexington flourished in the 1830's and had its own livery stable. If the horse became ill and was in need of a doctor, an old Negro man named Caesar could be found at the Burton Hotel. Caesar was a man of many peculiarities, but was "well mannered, full of witty sayings, and was loved and respected by all. (Many of our Virginia kinsmen are originally from and still live in this area of Virginia.

-- From http://members.tripod.com/leomcdowell/id28.htm "Settling the Frontier", COPYRIGHT 2000 Leo B. McDowell

----------------------------------------------

Upon settling in Virginia, John McDowell (b. 1714), the son of Ephraim, had taken an oath on 28 February 1739 at the court of Orange County (Frederick County), Virginia "that he imported himself, Magdalene his wife, and Samuel his son, as well as John Rutter, his servant, at his own charge from Great Britain in the year 1737, to dwell in this colony, and that this is the first time of providing their rights in order to obtain land pursuant to the royal instructions." It is this Capt. John McDowell that received his Captain's commission from Governor William Gooch of Virginia at the behest of the other settlers of Borden's Tract. This petition, requesting his commission, is a superb written example of the Scots/Irish language of the time and is preserved in The Annuls of Augusta County: 1726-1871.

The song "Oh, Shenandoah" became almost a hymn in Virginia, commemorating these early Scots/Irish settlers and their land that they loved. Samuel McDowell, the son of Capt. John McDowell, also served in the French and Indian Wars (1753-1758) and received "Land Bounty Certificates" for property in Augusta County, Virginia as a result of his military service.

Captain John McDowell was killed in the first Settler-Indian confrontation on 14 December 1742 during the "Massacre of Balcony Downs" near Balcony Falls in Rockbridge County, Virginia. The spot where this incident occurred is now called Battle Run Creek as a result of this event. In early December 1742, the Delaware tribe of the Iroquois Nation, specifically the Onandaga and Oneida bands, were en route to meet the Catawba Indians when Capt. John McDowell and his company of militia (33 men, which included his father Ephraim - 70 years old at this time! - and his brother James) were sent out to escort the Delaware Indians away from the White settlements. Captain John McDowell's Company of Militia in 1742: John Aleson, Humble Beaker, David Bires, David Breenden, Gilbert Camble, James Camble, John Cares, John Cosier, Hugh Cuningham, James Cuningham, Joseph Finney, Michael Finney, John Gray, William Hall, James Hardiman, Henry Kirkham, Joseph Lapsley, ?Long, ?Long, Alexander McClewer, Halbert McClewer, John McClewer, Alexander McClure, Moses McClure, Frances McCowan, James McDowell (brother of Capt. John), Ephraim McDowell (father of Capt. John), Andrew McKnab, John McKnab, Patrick McKnab, Sam McRoberts, Loromor Mason, John Matthews, William Miles, John Miles, Mitchell Miller, James More, Edward Patterson, Irwin Patterson, John Peter Salley, Thomas Taylor, Charles Quail, Thomas Whiteside, Malco Whiteside, Richard Wood, Sam Wood, William Wood, Robert Young and Mathew Young.

It was the Indian custom to provide and be provided food and drink when being visited or visiting. Since none was offered to them by the Virginians, they simply "helped themselves" to food, drink, horses, and whatever else they found at the various homes and settlements they came across. If a white man had visited an Indian village, he would have been treated according to the same aforementioned Indian custom. The Virginians, unaware of this, assumed the Indians to be "raiding" and were less than hospitable. The Indians had been given passes of clearance through Pennsylvania and were to be provided food and drink during their "safe" passage. However, these passes were not recognized, much less, honored by the Virginia settlers.

After entertaining the Delaware with whiskey, Capt. John and his men were escorting them away from the settlements near the Salling Plantation (present-day Glasgow) which the Indians had lingered near during the past week. During the escort, one of the lame Indians in the rear of the group, lagged behind and walked off into the woods. An escorting militiaman fired a shot at the Indian, a war cry when up and a 45 minute battle ensued between the Indians and the militia led by Capt. John McDowell near the south branch (now known as Battle Run creek) of the North River (now known as Maury River). Seventeen-odd Indians and eight of the militia company were killed, including Capt. John McDowell. He and the other dead militiamen were later brought back draped across horseback and buried near Capt. John's home "Red House" of Timber Ridge near present day Timber Ridge Church in the family graveyard near Fairfield, Rockbridge County, Virginia. Red House was so named because Capt. John had taken the then uncommon time and trouble to remove all the bark from the logs and stain the bared wood with red berries. The family cemetery there, near Fairfield, holds two centuries of Virginia McDowells. A monument erected in 1855 by the descendants of the McDowells "Commemorating the virtues" of numerous McDowells was refenced in a burst of public cooperation in 1928. The inscription on the monument there reads: "To Commemorate the virtues; to perpetuate the memory: The Record...The truth honor, patriotism and public and social fidelity that impressed the generations to which they belonged and enabled them to transmit an honored name to their descendants: And also, to testify to the gratitude and reverence of their family." It is the oldest burial place in Borden's Tract (Rockbridge County) and was abandoned for use of interment in the late 1930's. All the graves there face east "awaiting judgment day". His gravestone reads "heer lyes the body of John Mack Dowell - December 1742". John's grave lies fifteen paces inclining to the left from the entrance gate within the enclose cemetery.

Although it is surrounded by lovely apple orchards, the McDowell cemetery is said to be a gloomy place, even in the daytime, full of brambles and "paradise trees" (the malodorous ailanthus). I personally visited the little cemetery with my then 9 year old son in March and mid June of 1998 and found it to be a quiet, peaceful setting in the middle of a pasture on a gently sloping hillside overlooking the beautiful Virginia countryside. The site is indeed overrun with brambles and is in need of repair, but there was nothing gloomy or ominous about it. (After spending a lengthy period among the gravestones, to our dismay, we were unable to find the marker for Capt. John McDowell, due to the thick undergrowth. The cemetery also contains the remains of the McClungs, McClures, Wallaces, Prestons, and other kin of the McDowells. Local townspeople throughout the years have claimed the McDowell graveyard is haunted by "headless ghosts" of the men killed at Balcony Downs. Our kinsmen, Col. James Patton, who had alerted Lieutenant Governor William Gooch of Virginia of the possible uprising, and Capt. John Buchanan of the Militia led an expedition to bring back the bodies, but no account was given for their condition after the Indians had returned and stripped them of clothing, weapons, and supplies. Some believe this was the source of the Shenandoah legends of the "headless" ghosts at that time. It is certain that much grieving accompanied these deaths, on both sides.

"In January of 1743, the 'dead cry', the Indians wail of sorrow, was heard along the banks of the frozen Susquehanna," and then-Pennsylvania governor the Hon. George Thomas, offered to mediate, to avert a threatened uprising of the Indians' Six Nations. He accused the Virginians of causing the incident and demanded Virginia make reparations to the Indians. "Much weeping and sorrow" also accompanied the burial of the killed militiamen by their families and fellow settlers. The Treaty of Lancaster in 1744, ended the Iroquois Nation's claims to Virginia.

Capt. John McDowell had been a very important member of the colonial gentry as the surveyor and agent for the Borden Tract in Virginia. His wife Magdalena Wood was the granddaughter of Archibald Campbell, the 8th Earl of Argyll in Scotland, and later married the rich (but useless) Benjamin Borden, Jr. after Capt John's death, becoming the heir of the Borden Estates and the richest woman in frontier America. She was noted in history as being a strikingly beautiful woman with blond hair, very intelligent, and possessing great charm, who was often seen astride a famous black stallion, wearing a hunter's green riding cloak with gold buttons and a bonnet with many plumes. After Borden's death, Magdalena married John Bowyer, who was 20 years her junior. Magdalena had written up a marriage agreement between herself and John Bowyer to protect her children's inheritance, but one day sitting by the fire with it in her hand, Bowyer grapped it from her and threw it in the fire. The legal squabbles that ensued after her death over the inheritance continued for many years.

Another of Ephraim's sons, James McDowell, took Benjamin Borden, Jr. to court in 1742 for slander claiming Borden stated: "Thou art a rogue and murderous villian, and I can prove it...". Borden wrongfully blamed James McDowell as responsible for bringing the Indians down upon them by instigating a dispute with the Indians. Both of Capt. John's sons, James and his older brother Samuel McDowell, were Captains of the Militia and also Commissioners (Justices). James and Samuel were often reported, in records of the times, "ranging", a term used to describe the militia's duty of patrolling the frontier, watching over the cattle herds and scouting Indians that may pose a threat to the community. Samuel later became the Justice for the County of Rockbridge and a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses. James McDowell was a merchant, planter and storekeeper at his estate at Maryland Tavern, as well as landlord at the Borden Estates. Members of this 1st and 2nd generation of Colonial American McDowells fought as militiamen and Rangers in the French and Indian War and helped cover the retreat of the mortally wounded British Major-General Edward Braddock and his forces after the disastrous Battle of Monongahela River (or Braddock's Defeat). In 1758, as the French and Indian Wars continued, then-Lt. Joseph McDowell (b. 1715) of Winchester, Virginia, (later of Quaker Meadows in Burke County, North Carolina) as a member of the Orange County Militia in Capt. Rutherford's Rangers, received the following orders from Maj. George Washington:

To Lt. (Joseph) McDowell of Captn. Rutherford's Rangers

June 17, 1758.

Sir: Captn. Stephens assuring me, that so soon as the Prince William Militia are taken from his House, the Families there and in the Neighbours also, will immediately remove; I am oblig'd, having it no otherways in my power to Order a few of your Men to be station'd there in their place: you are not to put so many there, as to distress the other Posts you secure; and if (Captn. Van) Swearingen's Division can afford you any for this place, I shall take care to Order some accordingly.

I am, your sr.

G.W.

(George Washington)

... Back in Virginia in 1765, Judge Samuel McDowell, the son of Capt. John McDowell, while serving as a justice in Rockbridge County, Virginia, presided over the case of The King vs. David McKoskey, Samuel recorded the following:

"Alexander McKoskey, being first sworn before me, saith that on the 26th instant Samuel Woodward and Mary, his wife, being at David McKoskey's house and in the night time he, rising out of bed, found the door open and missing the said Samuel and his wife out of bed, he also missed his coat, jacot, britches, and hat, and a blanket, and next day, pursuing and on the 28th he found the said Samuel Woodward and wife in Timber Ridge Meeting House and got the above goods in their possession with sundry other of David McKoskey's goods by them, viz: One rifle gun of the value of five pounds, one snafel bridle, and one Indian blanket. This day David McKoskey came before me and proved the same as above to the finding of the door open, and also proved the gun, bridle, and blanket to be his property which the above said Alexander found in possession of the said Woodward and wife. Certified under my hand this 31st January 1765."

SAMUEL MCDOWELL

The time was rapidly approaching when service to The King would no longer be tolerable. The Scots/Irish and other emigrants in America already enjoyed a far greater amount of autonomy from the Crown than the peoples of Great Britain and Ireland. British "push" was going to come to American "shove" over taxation, representation, and the colonists' burning desire for independence. The McDowells of Pennsylvania, Virginia, and the Carolinas were prominent Whigs, patriots, and commanders during the American Revolution. No family provided more sons and patriots for that cause than the McDowells.

-- From http://members.tripod.com/leomcdowell/id32.htm "Oh Shenandoah!", COPYRIGHT 2000 Leo B. McDowell

63.         Irvine, Margaret. Margaret died in Ireland. Margaret was the daughter of Irvine, James and Wylie, Margaret. She married McDowell, Ephraim in Ireland.

Notes for Irvine, Margaret

The McDowell and Irvine Families...

The Irvines and Their Kin by L. Boyd

"There is no district in all of Ireland so rich in armorial bearings as the neighborhood of Lame. The churchyards of Carncastle, Glynn, and Raloo abound with them. The churchyard of Raloo is over-grown with long grass and weeds, so as to be almost inaccessible. But one may pull aside obstructions and remove lichens from the tall gray tombstones; trace the arms carved upon them, and read the names of the Craigs, McDowells, Crawfords, Boyds, and others."

"There is an old book, more than six hundred years old (I was told), that I found at Fair Hill, near Larne. It had belonged to successive sextons for hundreds of years, from the dates it contained, the last one being 1775, and giving a description of the flag adopted by the American Colonies. It is written in longhand, and has pen-pictures of the Coats of Arms of the Carlisles, Earls of Kilmarnock, McDowells, Irvines, Johnstons, Crawfords, and Blairs, and many others not connected with this history. In the beginning of the book this appears, written in a clerkly hand: "Nobilitatis virtus non stemma" - "Virtue, not pedigree, is the mark of nobility"

"Says this same old chronicle: "A son, who was named James, was born to Christopher Irvine, shortly after he fell at Flodden Field. He had two sons, Robert and John, who fled to Ireland in time of the English persecution, and settled at Glenoe. John afterwards removed to Cushandall and became a Presbyterian minister. John Irvine had two sons, one named Abraham, the other Robert, who went to America, and Robert Irvine Sr., had sons who went to America."

"Robert Irvine built a house, in 1585, of red limestone, roofed in by slate. It stands just outside of the village of Glenoe. Passing down the one long street of that village, bordered on each side by tall stone houses, once the property of the Irvines and McDowells, one is struck by the good repair in which they remain, after withstanding the storms of centuries. The blacksmith-shop of Ephraim McDowell looks as if he had laid his hammer down but yesterday, and gone with his brothers-in-law, Alexander Irvine (not his brother-in-law then, as Ephraim was a mere lad, as was Alexander Irvine also), to Londonderry to fight for "The Faith" behind the weak walk, in time of the famous siege."

"I followed the narrow, rocky street until I came to the mills, once belonging to the Irvines, Wylies, and McDowells. The mill-wheels are still now, and moss and rust-covered, and the mills are open to the night-birds, and afford homes for tramps, who sometimes seek lodging in that picturesque spot." (From "The Irvines and Their Kin" by L. Boyd).

-- From http://members.tripod.com/leomcdowell/id19.htm "Ulster Kith and Kin", COPYRIGHT 2000 Leo B. McDowell

Children of Irvine, Margaret and McDowell, Ephraim

i. McDowell, Mary Elizabeth [57]. She was born on 1712-11-17 in Ireland. She died in 1811-00-00 in Rockbridge Co., VA.

ii. McDowell, John. He was born in 1714-00-00 in Ireland. He died on 1742-12-25 in Rockbridge Co., VA.

iii. McDowell, Margaretta.

iv. McDowell, James.

More about Irvine, Margaret and McDowell, Ephraim:

Marriage: Ireland. Marriage of Ephraim McDowell & Margaret Irvine.

64.         McClanahan, John. John was born in 1788-00-00 in Scotland. He married McChubit, Agnes.

65.         McChubit, Agnes. Agnes was born about 1684-00-00 in Scotland. She died in Co. Antrim, Ulster, Ireland. She married McClanahan, John.

More about McChubit, Agnes:

Also Known As: Agnes McCubit5

Children of McChubit, Agnes and McClanahan, John

i. McClanahan, Elijah [58]. He was born about 1714-00-00 in Co. Antrim, Ulster, Ireland. He died on 1794-05-02 in Augusta Co., VA.

ii. McClanahan, Robert. He was born about 1720-00-00 in Co. Antrim, Ulster, Ireland. He died in 1791-00-00 in Augusta Co., VA.

66.         Grigsby, Charles. Charles was born in 1682-00-00. He died in 1740-00-00 at the age of 58 years. Charles was the son of Grigsby, John and Rosser, Jane. He married Wilkerson, Sarah.

Notes for Grigsby, Charles

CHARLES GRIGSBY'S WILL - 1740

Stafford County Virginia Will Book - 1728-1748, pages 163-164

 

In the name of God Amen this day of October the 20th 1740 Charles Grigsby in the County of Stafford, being sick and weak in body but in perfect mind and memory, thanks be given to God. Therefore, calling unto mind the mortality of my body and knowing that it appointed for man once to dye, I doe ordaine this my last will and testament, that is to say principally and first of all I give and recommend my soul into the hands of God that gave it and for my body I recommend to the earth to be buried in a Christianlike manner at the discretion of my executors, that is to say, my loving wife Sarah Grigsby and my son James Grigsby, nothing douting but at the general resurrection I shall receive the same againe at the mighty power of God and its touching such worldly goods wherewith it hath pleased God to bless me in this life I give, devise and dispose of the same in this Manner and form following.

Item I give my son James Grigsby ninty acres of land beginning at the mouth of Yares branch and running up the main branch of Passertansey to James Grigsby Son's land and running northerly to Captain Fowke line.

Item I give to my loving wife Sarah Grigsby ninty acres of land beginning at the branch joining to James Grigsby Son's land, running northerly to Capt. Fowke line and after her decease to return to my son Charles Grigsby.

Item I give to my son John Grigsby the remainer part of my (?typo)at his return and if he not returning I give it to my son Wilkerson Grigsby.

Item I give to the child my wife know goes with lot, it be son or daughter, one Negro man named James, and if it comes not to perfection I give it to my son Charles Grigsby.

Item I give to my son Elisha Grigsby one Negro man named Robin.

Item I leave them in the care of my wife Sarah Grigsby the said Negroes until the said child shall come to the age of eighteen, and if it dies the said James to return to my son Charles Grigsby and Robin to my son Elisha Grigsby as before mentioned when there coming to the age of eighteen.

Item I give to my daughter Marget Smith half a crown.

Item I give to my daughter Rose Spiser half a crown.

Item I give to my daughter Barbary Runneles half a crown.

Item I give to my daughter Prissella Grigsby my chest and one ewe and a cow and calf and a young mair at the day of marriage or at the age of eighteen.

Item I give to my daughter Rachel Grigsby one ewe and a cow and calf at the day of marriage or at the age of eighteen.

Item I give to my son Charles Grigsby a young horse called Tobe.

Item I give to my son Wilkerson Grigsby a young black horse called Shaver.

Item I give to my wife Sarah Grigsby three mairs and a colt and all my household goods, stock and clocks.

 

Signed, sealed and delivered in the presents of                             Charles Grigsby

Test: William Grigsby - Anne Grigsby                                          (seale)

 

At a Court held for Stafford County November the 11th, 1740, the last will and testament of Charles Grigsby Dec'd, being produced in court by Sarah Grigsby, one of the executors therein named who made oath thereto according to law and being proved by the oaths of William Grigsby and Anne Grigsby, witnesses thereto, certificate is granted her for obtaining a probate thereof in due form and the said will ordered to be recorded.

Test:     H. Tyler, Clerk

67.         Wilkerson, Sarah. She married Grigsby, Charles.

Children of Wilkerson, Sarah and Grigsby, Charles

i. Grigsby, Rose. She was born in 1716-00-00. She died in 1794-00-00.

ii. Grigsby, James. He was born in 1717-00-00.

iii. Grigsby, John [60]. He was born on 1720-04-17 in Stafford Co., VA. He died on 1794-04-07 in Falling Springs, VA.

iv. Grigsby, Charles. He was born in 1722-00-00.

v. Grigsby, Barbara. She was born in 1724-00-00.

vi. Grigsby, Wilkerson. He was born in 1726-00-00.

vii. Grigsby, Priscilla. She was born in 1728-00-00.

viii. Grigsby, Margaret. She was born in 1730-00-00.

ix. Grigsby, Rachel. She was born in 1732-00-00.

x. Grigsby, Elisha. He was born in 1735-00-00.

xi. Grigsby, Reuben. He was born in 1740-00-00.

68.         Porter, Benjamin. Benjamin was born in 1679-00-00 in England. Benjamin is the son of Porter, Nicholas and Mitchell, Elizabeth. He married Campbell, Ann on 1730-10-0323.

Notes for Porter, Benjamin

Benjamin Porter, a native of England came to America and settled in Orange County, VA in 1730. He brought his Welch born wife with him, Ann Campbell and had five son's and 2 daughter's here.

Other records say that he was born in 1695, 1696 and 1671 in England, b. 1675 in Spotsylvania Co., VA., WFT estimates b. 1654-1696; also d. 1742, d. abt. 1725, WFT estimates d. 1694-1778, d. aft. 1761 and as having died in North Carolina. DAR records for Miss Dollie Grigsby DAR ID Number 123121 indicate that he was married in 1730 and was b. 1709 and died 1784. They also say that he served as an enlisting officer, b. in England and d. in Orange County, Va.

He could not have been born in Spotsylvania " which was formed from King William and Essex in 1721" if he was born in that county in 1675, 1695, 1696, etc. it was then Essex

Virginia County Records SPOTSYLVANIA COUNTY 1721-1800, DEEDS DEED BOOK A 1722-1729, page 109 Novr. 5, 1729. John Taliaferro, the younger, and Francis Taliaferro of St. Marie's Par., Caroline Co., to Benjamin Porter of St. Geo. Par., Spts. Co. L10 ster., 10 a. of land in St. Geo. Par., Spts. Co.--part of a pat. granted John Taliaferro, the younger, and Francis Taliaferro, June 30, 1726. Witnesses: John Robinson, Thomas Benson, John Mickel. Rec. Novr. 5, 1729

Virginia County Records SPOTSYLVANIA COUNTY 1721-1800, DEEDS DEED BOOK B 1729-1734, page 115 Octr. 3, 1730. Benjamin Porter of St. George's Par., Spts. Co., to Samuel Henslee of Hanover Par., King Geo. Co. 2000 lbs. tob., 400 a. in St. Geo. Par., Spts Co.--granted to the sd. Porter by pat. Septr. 28, 1728. Abraham Field, Z. Lewis, Jno. Waller. Nov. 3, 1730. Ann, wife of Benj. Porter, acknowledged her dower, etc.

Clasping Hands with Generations Past by Emma R. Lloyd, Cincinnati: Wiesen-Hart Press, 1932, page 147 This is a very old family in Virginia. It is definitely known that one Nicholas Porter was living in Virginia as early as 1637, and it is possible that this family had moved to America some time before that date. At this time there were only eight counties in Virginia and all settlements were along the rivers until the early part of the eighteenth century. The Porter family settled along the York and Rappahannock rivers on their arrival in Virginia. From there they drifted westward across the Blue Ridge and were among the first to locate in Spotsylvania County which was formed from King William and Essex in 1721. The next year we find Benjamin Porter securing a land grant in the new county. (Deed Book "D," Spotsylvania.)

Emma R. Lloyd at pages 147-148 lists the children of Benjamin and Ann as Benjamin, William, Samuel, Mary, "who married John Shropshire in 1757 and Patrick.

Ibid. at page 148 "Benjamin Porter son of Benjamin and Ann Porter lived in what was later to become Orange County, but on the east side of the Blue Ridge. He died in 1761. His descendants are found in Orange County as it is today. His children are listed as: Ambrose, Nicholas, Thomas, Charles, Abner, Benjamin III, Joseph, Elizabeth, Frances, Jane, Betty, Mary and Anne.

National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Volumes 1-85, 1600s-1900s Volume 25, "Early Settlers and Pre-Revolutionary Soldiers, Augusta Co., Va." issued by the Committee on Publication Washington, D.C. 1908 at p. 52: "Porter, Benjamin; came to Orange Co. from Wales" "Porter, Charles, Col., came to Orange Co. 1730, from Wales m. Ann Campbell. (McC. 5)."

Isabel Eileen Malin on her Family Home Page provides that "Benjamin and Ann (Campbell) Porter settled in Orange Co., VA, 12 or 15 miles from Culpeper court house, on the Rapid Ann river, about 1730, where they reared six sons and three daughters. Four of sons became owners of fine landed estates in that region. The other sons went to Georgia, married there, and became wealthy."

I believe that there are so many errors in the records on this family that much more research is needed. What appears in the records here provided is a combination of all records this researcher has come across with notes pertaining to conflicting information where possible or when noticed. Possible brothers to this Benjamin are listed in records as his sons. Reviewing the birth dates makes this obvious plus there are double entries for some of the children listed for this couple, an earlier and a later one (see notes under each of the individual children), conflicting spouses listed, conflicting father for Benjamin listed (some list Nicholas and others list Benjamin). There is further confusion because I cannot decide whether Ann Campbell is mother to the elder or younger generation in this record - for several reasons: 1. See entry above from Chakleys where "Ann, wife of Benj. Porter, acknowledged her dower." A dower is "that part of or interest in the real estate of a deceased husband given by law to his widow during her life, so then, the grantee in the below referenced deed of 1730 would be the son of Ann if the death of her husband is implied by the mention of "dower." If this is the case, Benjamin Porter, husband of Ann, is then dead by 1730; 2. See the entry from Edith Floyd's book wherein she lists Ann as the wife of the elder Benjamin Porter, in which case he could not possibly be the father of the children born some twenty years later than the first two. She may be in error, however, as she also says that Mary, "who married John Shropshire in 1757" is a child of Benjamin and Ann.

Lloyd says 1722 secured land grant in Spotsylvania - above entries show 1728 by patent and more land in 1729 - Are these deeds the younger Benjamin, son of Anne?

Their land is in St. George Parish, Spotsylvania County, later Orange County on the eastside of the Blue Ridge

"Germanna and the First Settlers". Who were the first English settlers may be best ascertained from the family names mentioned in the earlier court proceedings as narrated in other chapters. In most instances these were the people who resided in the County before and at the time of its formation, though some that are oftenest named, and appear to have been of the most conspicuous of the landed gentry, never became actual residents. The great Baylor and Beverley grants, and other very large ones, appear to have been speculative only, for the grantees never lived in the County. Their lands were under the management of bailiffs, as they were then called, who had large numbers of servants under their control. Thus the census of 1782 (Appendix) shows that on the Baylor estate there were 84 blacks and not one white person. The real owners of the land attended court regularly, to acknowledge their many deeds of bargain and sale, and then returned to their homes in Tidewater. Yet a good many people did actually take up their abode in this frontier county while it was still a part of Spotsylvania, and some of their names are household words to-day; Spotswood, Chew, Cave, Madison, Moore, Willis, Taliaferro, Thomas, Barbour, Scott, Smith, Taylor, Waugh, Porter, Head, Fry, Lightfoot, and many more; the general narrative must be looked to to learn who they were, and what they did. They all appear covetous of great landed possessions, but they appear also to have been resolute and public-spirited citizens, an ancestry of which their descendants may well be proud.

WILL OF BENJAMIN PORTER Copy of the Last Will and Testament of Benjamin Porter 1761, from Henrietta Hamilton's book In the name of God Amen, I Benjamin Porter of Orange County Virginia, being in perfect health and of sound mind and memory--Thanks be to Almighty God for the same--but knowing the certainty of this life, do make and ordain this to be my last will and testament.

First, I resign my soul to God, hoping for pardon and remission of all my sins through the merit and suffering of my kind Savior, Jesus Christ. My body I yield to the earth, to be buried in Christian like manner. As to my executors, hereinafter named, shall they meet and to such worldly estate as it hath pleased God to bestow on me, I give, devise, and bequeath the same in manner and form the following: I give and devise all my land and tenements in the tract I now live on and that lies on the east side of my Spring branch, down to the river, unto my sons Nicholas, Thomas, Charles and Abner--to them and their heirs forever, to be equally divided among them; my son Nicholas having his choice either of the manor home or the plantation where he now lives. I give and divise to my sons Benjamin and Joseph all the lower tracts of land I purchased of Mr. Nicholas Battail, and the lands I purchased of Mr. Rowland Thomas, with a waterfront on the river--to them and their heirs. I empower and order my executors to sell at auction the upper part of the land I purchased of the aforesaid Battail to the highest bidder and the money coming from such sale to be equally divided between my daughters, Elizabeth and Frances and their heirs. I give and bequeath unto my following children viz: Benjamin, Thomas, Charles, Joseph, Abner, Jane, Bettie, Mary and Frances---all my slaves and personal estate--to them and their heirs forever, to be equally divided among them, except as to my son Nicholas, which I give an equal part of the personal estate (negroes excepted) , he having received his share of them. I desire that my grandchildren of my daughters may be educated by my executors, out of the profits of my estate. It is my desire, and I do order that if any of my sons should die before they arrive at the age of twenty-one years, or marry, that their part of the land be equally divided among the surviving heirs to whom I have given my land. Lastly, I do appoint Nicholas and Benjamin , my executors of this last will and testament.

Witnesses:

George Taylor

Lewis Taylor

George Bledsoe

James Madison (handwritten in pencil, father of President Madison)

69.         Campbell, Ann. Ann was born in 1704-00-00 in Drumboden, Kilmachrenan, County Donegal, Ireland. She died in 1742-00-00 in Virginia at the age of 38 years. Ann was the daughter of Campbell, John and Hay, Grizzel (Grace). She married Porter, Benjamin on 1730-10-0323.

Notes for Campbell, Ann

Some records indicate that she/her parents were from Wales. Something is wrong with the record, Ann and her father are listed as born in the same year. There are many problems with this couple and these records. I [David Porter] cannot decide whether she is married to an older generation Benjamin d. by 1730 when she is acknowledging dower (see entry under Benjamin Porter) - b. 1661. The Cambpells (some of them anyway) landed at Philadelphia to Penn. to VA.

Property:400 a. in St. Geo. Par., Spts. Co.

Remarks: Benjamin Porter of St. George's Par., Spts. Co., to Samuel Henslee of Hanover Par., King Geo. Co. 2000 lbs. tob., 400 a. in St. Geo. Par., Spts. Co.-granted to the sd. Porter by pat. Septr. 28, 1728. Nov 3, 1730. Ann, wife of Benj. Porter, acknowledged her dower, etc.

This land record was originally published in "Virginia County Records - Spotsylvania County, 1721-1800, Volume I" edited by William Armstrong Crozier.

More about Campbell, Ann:

Birth Name: Mary Ann Campbell23

Children of Campbell, Ann and Porter, Benjamin

i. Porter, Ambrose. He was born about 1731-00-00 in Orange Co., VA. He died on 1773-06-18 in Pittsylvania Co., VA.

ii. Porter, Thomas. He was born in 1731-11-00 in Orange Co., VA. He died on 1817-09-19.

iii. Porter, Nicholas. He was born in 1733-00-00 in Orange Co., VA.

iv. Porter, Elizabeth [61]. She was born on 1733/4-02-27 in Orange Co., VA. She died on 1807-10-07.

v. Porter, Abner [62]. He was born on 1743-06-25 in Orange Co., VA. He died on 1812-04-20 in Orange Co., VA.

vi. Porter, Frances. She was born in 1747-00-00 in Orange Co., VA. She died about 1779-00-00.

vii. Porter, Jane. She was born in 1749-00-00 in Orange Co., VA.

viii. Porter, Mary. She was born in 1753-00-00 in Orange Co., VA.

ix. Porter, Charles. He was born in 1735-00-00 in Orange Co., VA. He died in 1791-00-00 in Orange Co., VA.

x. Porter, Patrick. He was born on 1737-05-01 in Orange Co., VA. He died on 1795-04-28 in Scott Co., VA.

xi. Porter, Anne. She was born on 1739-03-31 in Orange Co., VA.

xii. Porter, Benjamin.

More about Campbell, Ann and Porter, Benjamin:

Marriage: 1730-10-0323. Marriage of Porter, Benjamin & Campbell, Ann (married in either Ireland or VA - records in both countries).

70.         Ingram, John. He married Hawkins, Elizabeth.

71.         Hawkins, Elizabeth. She married Ingram, John.

Children of Hawkins, Elizabeth and Ingram, John

i. Ingram, Hannah [63]. She was born on 1750-08-16.

Generation 8

72.         Cardwell, John. John was born on 1685-03-08 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England. He died on 1757-04-01 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England at the age of 72 years. He was buried on 1757-04-01 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England. John was the son of Cardwell, Isaac and Hall, Margaret.

More about Cardwell, John:

Baptism: 1685-03-08, Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England.

Burial: 1757-04-01, Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England.

Children of unknown and Cardwell, John

i. Cardwell, John [72]. He was born on 1709-07-02 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England. He died on 1776-09-21 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England.

ii. Cardwell, William. He died on 1711-01-19 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England.

iii. Cardwell, Joseph. He died on 1752-06-09 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England.

iv. Cardwell, Mary. She died on 1758-01-26 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England.

73.         Galbraith, John. John was born in 1694-00-00 in Scotland. He married , Margaret.

74.          , Margaret. Margaret was born between 1698-00-00 and 1700-00-00 in Scotland. She married Galbraith, John.

Children of , Margaret and Galbraith, John

i. Galbraith, Alexander [94]. He was born before 1720-00-00 in Scotland. He died in 1792-00-00 in Campbell Co., VA.

75.         Miller, Thomas. Thomas was born about 1687-00-00 in Scotland. He died on 1755-10-27 in Northhampton Co, PA at the age of 68 years. He was buried in Scotch-Irish Cemetery, Mt. Bethel, Northampton Co, PA. Thomas was the son of Miller, Alexander Immigrant and Ketchledge, Unknown. He married Thompson, Elizabeth Isabel before 1726-00-00.

More about Miller, Thomas:

Burial: Scotch-Irish Cemetery, Mt. Bethel, Northampton Co, PA.

76.         Thompson, Elizabeth Isabel. Elizabeth Isabel was born between 1687-00-00 and 1711-00-00 in Scotland. She died in 1799-00-00 in Ohio at the age of 112 years. She married Miller, Thomas before 1726-00-00.

More about Thompson, Elizabeth Isabel:

Also Known As: Betsy or Iby14

Children of Thompson, Elizabeth Isabel and Miller, Thomas

i. Miller, Agnes Nancy [95]. She was born in 1726-00-00 in Bucks Co, PA. She died about 1786-00-00 in Campbell Co., VA.

More about Thompson, Elizabeth Isabel and Miller, Thomas:

Marriage: before 1726-00-00. Marriage of Miller, Thomas and Thompson, Elizabeth Isabel.

77.         Walton, .

Notes for Walton,

INTRODUCTION

(from "Waltons of Old Virginia" by Wilmer L. Kerns, Ph.D.)

A family tradition says the ancestral Walton immigrant was named John. The implication is that one immigrant ancestor was the progenitor for all the Waltons in Virginia. This is rarely the case, except for unusual surnames with a small population. A search in the records of Colonial Virginia reveals the names of at least eight different John Waltons who came to the Colony between 1621 and 1666. Which John was our ancestor, assuming that the tradition is correct? We do not know, because a generation-by-generation process needs to be completed before that question can be answered. Genealogy commences with oneself and traces backwards in time.

Waltons were among the earliest settlers in the New World. In 1618, The Virginia Company passed a law that any person who settled in Virginia or paid the transportation expenses for another person to settle in the Colony, was given fifty acres for each occurrence. This gift was known as a headright. The free land was given as an incentive to populate the New World. It was through these land records that we learned the names of the earliest Walton immigrants to Virginia.

The Walton surname appeared in records as early as the 1620s. In 1621, one John Walton, aged twenty-eight years, came to Virginia on the ship "Elizabeth". Source of this information is from a "census" or compilation of persons living in Virginia in 1624-1625. The same John Walton was named in the Muster of Alexander Mountney.[1] There is no evidence that this John Walton left descendants, nor the seven other Johns who were imported to Virginia before the year 1666, none of whom have been connected to living descendants.[2]

In addition to the eight known Johns, who were mentioned twenty times in early land records, there were George and Robert Waltons who came to the Colony of Virginia during the early seventeenth century. Sometime between 1618 and 1620, a George Walton was one of three servants transported from England to Virginia by John and Jane Cooke for "personal adventure." Cooke died and his widow Jane married second Alexander Stonar, who was awarded the land patent on June 22, 1635.[3] Nothing more is known about this George Walton, whether he married or had children or not. About the same time, William Beard paid the transportation costs for seven servants to migrate to Virginia, one of whom was Margaret Walton. A land patent for 450 acres "within the Corporation of James City" was granted to Beard on June 19, 1635.[4]

Robert Walton and three other persons were transported to Virginia by John Laydon of Warwick River County according to a court order dated Feb. 29, 1631.[5] On Nov. 24, 1637, John Broche received 300 acres in Charles River County for transporting six persons to the Colony who were: John Walton, Thomas Sewell, Nicholas Bates, William Savary, Mary Osborne, and Francis Perris.[6]

On April 9, 1648, John Landman received 300 acres of land in Nansemond County for transporting six persons from England to Virginia, including John Walton, Matthew Wallace, Thomas Brewer, Dorothy Cole, Edward Spencer, and Richard Jones. On March 13, 1649, Thomas Dale, son of Nicholas Dale, deceased, received 800 acres on the south side of the Rappahannock River for transporting these same persons, apparently a duplicate claim.[7]

Henry Lee and William Clapham transported one John Walton to the Colony on Aug. 20, 1650.[8] Henry Soanes of New Kent County received a land patent on March 10, 1653 for bringing a John Walton to Virginia. Another John Walton was among 40 persons transported to the Colony of Virginia by John Drayton of Westmoreland County, June 10, 1654.[9] William Hull imported John Walton, Robert Walton, and Richard Walton to the Colony on Feb. 20, 1662. The sponsors received land in Farnham Parish, Rappahannock county.[10]

The earliest record of land ownership of a Walton in Virginia was that of one John Walton who was granted 200 acres in Accomack County on March 24, 1638, for paying costs across the Atlantic Ocean for four persons.[11] This or another John Walton received 300 acres "in Northumberland County alias Westmoreland County, on South side of Hallowes Creek toward the head thereof," on Sept. 15, 1641. Major John Washington purchased this property on June 1, 1664.[12] More than likely this was the same John Walton who lived in Westmoreland County during the 1650s and was referenced in the records as a cooper.[13]

THE NEW KENT COUNTY WALTONS--OUR BRANCH

We cannot make a connection between our Waltons of the late seventeenth century with those listed above. Our lineage is traced and proven back to Edward Walton Jr., 1672-1720, of New Kent County, Virginia. Hence, we call this branch of the family "The New Kent County Waltons." The County is located in the east central part of Virginia, bounded today by Henrico, Hanover, King William, King and Queen, James City, and Charles City Counties. It is just off Interstate 64 between Richmond and Williamsburg.

The Waltons worshipped at St. Peters church,[14] which is still an active congregation in a rural area about four miles north of the New Kent courthouse. It was an official Church of England until after the Revolutionary War when the Episcopal Church USA was formed. In 1759, George Washington married Martha (Dandridge) Custis in and of this parish. The General Assembly later designated St. Peter's Church "The First Church of the First First-Lady." The historical church has been named a National Landmark by the United States Government. The church cemetery contains numerous burials, although not as many as expected for a church that is over 300 years old. St. Peters is listed as the second oldest parish church in the Episcopal Diocese of Virginia, and the fourth oldest parish church in the Commonwealth of Virginia.[15]

Our Walton branch moved westward when land became available in new frontiers. On June 26, 1731, Thomas Walton, 1703-1772, received a land patent for 400 acres in Goochland County.[16] That land is now in Cumberland County, near Cartersville. It bordered Muddy Creek which separates Cumberland from present Powhatan County. Thomas' brother, William Walton, received a patent for 400 acres in the same vicinity of present Cumberland County, in September 1731. William's children migrated, but Thomas Sr. has descendants who still live on or near this ancestral site. His son, Thomas Walton Jr., 1742-1815, moved further west in 1803 to establish business operations at Bent Creek, which was then in Buckingham County. Through this lineage came the Appomattox Waltons. The focus of this book is geared toward the descendants of Thomas Walton, Jr., an ancestor of the compiler's wife Shirley (Walton) Kerns. Not only are there many errors about our Waltons in the literature, but this branch has been neglected. Information on ten generations is presented. No genealogy is complete nor free from errors, including this one. Hopefully, descendants and researchers will fill in the information gaps to make this a more complete account.

___________________________________________

[1] John Frederick Doman, Virginia M. Myer, "Adventures of Purse and Person", VIRGINIA, 1607-1624-5, revised, (Richmond, Virginia: The Dietz Press, Inc.), 1987, p. 51. [3] Nell Marion Nugent, "Cavaliers and Pioneers", (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company), Vol. 1, 1979, pp. 28-29. [4] Ibid, pp. 28-29. The land patent was dated June 22, 1635. [5] Ibid, pp. 38-39. The land patent was dated May 6, 1636. [6] Ibid, p. 76. [7] Ibid, p. 190 [8] Ibid, p. 196. [9] Ibid, p. 301. [10] Ibid, p. 468. [11] Ibid, p. 106. [12] Ibid, p. 468. [13] Ibid, pp. 331 and 447. [14] Address of the church is St. Peter's Church, 8400 St. Peter's Lane, New Kent, Virginia 23124-9633. The parish records have been preserved and published. [15] Don W. Massey, "The Episcopal Churches in the Diocese of Virginia", (Keswick, Virginia: Diocese Church Histories), 1989, p. 174. [16] The Library of Virginia, Land Office Patents No. 14, 1728-1732 (pt.1 & 2), p. 174 (Reel 11).

-- From "Waltons of Old Virginia" by Wilmer L. Kerns, Ph.D., pp. 1-5

Children of unknown and Walton,

i. Walton, Edward Jr. [96]. He was born in 1682-00-00 in New Kent Co., VA. He died on 1720-04-27 in St. Peter's Parish, New Kent Co., VA.

78.         Cox, Bartholomew. He married , Rebecca.

79.          , Rebecca. She married Cox, Bartholomew.

Children of , Rebecca and Cox, Bartholomew

i. Cox, George [98].

80.         Harrison, William. He married , Elizabeth.

81.          , Elizabeth. She married Harrison, William.

Children of , Elizabeth and Harrison, William

i. Harrison, Hannah [101].

82.         McDowell, Thomas. Thomas was born about 1635-00-00 in Glenoe, Raloo Parish, Co. Antrim, Ulster, Ireland. He died in Glenoe, Co. Antrim, Ulster, Ireland. Thomas was the son of McDowell, Alexander and Hall, Margaret. He married Locke, Ann in 1668-00-0019.

83.         Locke, Ann. Ann died in Glenoe, Co. Antrim, Ulster, Ireland. She married McDowell, Thomas in 1668-00-0019.

Children of Locke, Ann and McDowell, Thomas

i. McDowell, Alexander.

ii. McDowell, John. He was born about 1670-00-00 in Co. Antrim, Ulster, Ireland. He died in 1736-00-00 in New Castle Co., DE.

iii. McDowell, William.

iv. McDowell, Ephraim [114]. He was born in 1673-03-00 in Ireland. He died about 1780-00-00 in Rockbridge Co., VA.

v. McDowell, Sarah.

vi. McDowell, Esther.

More about Locke, Ann and McDowell, Thomas:

Marriage: 1668-00-0019. Marriage of McDowell, Thomas & Locke, Ann.

84.         Irvine, James. He married Wylie, Margaret.

85.         Wylie, Margaret. She married Irvine, James.

Children of Wylie, Margaret and Irvine, James

i. Irvine, Margaret [115]. She died in Ireland.

86.         Grigsby, John. John was born on 1624-08-08 in Maidstone, Kent, England. He died on 1730-10-11 in St. Paul's Parish, Stafford Co., VA at the age of 106 years. John was the son of Grigsby, Thomas and Bankes, Elizabeth. He married Rosser, Jane in 1678-00-00 in St. Paul's Parish, Stafford Co., VA.

Notes for Grigsby, John

Our family, the Emma Louis Walton Martin side, has been traced back to Kent, England. Situated in the historic village of Smarden, in the heart of Kent between Ashford and Tunbridge Wells, the house still stands although it is no longer owned by any of the family. Locally, the house and farm is still called the "Grigsby farm."

Our first known ancestor, John Grigsby (known as "Immigrant John" to distinguish him from his son, John, and grandson, John, whom we call "Soldier John). Immigrant John was born in Smarden, England in I623 and immigrated to America, settling in Stafford County, Va. in 1660. Immigrant John married Jane Rosser, also from England, and they had five (5) sons and one (1) daughter. They were Thomas, James, John, William, Mary Ann and Charles. When Immigrant John died on October 1 1,1730, he was buried in St. Paul's Parish Church, Stafford Co., Va. This is now part of King George County, Owens, Va.

Immigrant John's will left his 997 acre estate to his 5 sons and 1 daughter.

- SOURCE: Eleanor Carson's book "The Family and Decendants of Samuel Richardson Martin and Emma Louis Walton Martin from 1660 through 2006"

-----------------------------------------------------------------

John GRIGSBY I was born about 1623 in Maidstone, Kent, England. He died on 11 Oct 1730 in St.Pauls Parish, Stafford Co., Va. He was christened. !Source: St. Pauls Parish Register, Stafford Co., VA. Additional source: National Grigsby Family Society. 17th Century New England Register lists him as married to Sarah Rosser, which assumption may be incorrrect. He was married to Jane ROSSER about 1660.

- SOURCE: Johnson family of Missouri GEDCOM

-----------------------------------------------------------------

WILL OF JOHN GRIGSBY John Grigsby's Will,1730, Book M, pages 17-18

In the name of God Amen, I John Grigsby of the Parish of St. Paul in the county of Stafford being in good health of body, sound, perfect and disposing mind and memory, thanks be returned to God for same, yet being sensible of the uncertainty of this mortal life, do make, publish, and ordain this my last will and Testament in manner & form following (that is to say) first and principally I recommend my soul into hands of Almighty God, hoping through the meritorius death & passion of my Blessed Saviour and Redeemer Jesus Christ to receive full & free pardon and remition of my sins and to inherit everlasting salvation, and my body I commit to the earth to be decently interred at the discretion of my executors hereafter mentioned as touching the disposition of such temporall estate as it hath pleased Almighty God to bestow upon me, I give and dispose thereof as followeth (viz) Item I give unto my son John Grigsby & his heirs part of tract of land I bought of Nicholas Battain from his spring branch to uper corner tree by Wm. Smith's old field and likewise I give him three Negros, Sambo, ____, & Dick. Item I give unto my son Charles Grigsby all that parcell of land from the swamp to Mr. Chandler Fowke's line whereon he now lives, it being in the pattain I bought of Nick Battain and likewise I give unto him two Negros, Bobin & James, and to him and & his heirs the land & Negros. Item I give unto my daughter Mary Ann four Negros, Jenny, Will, Joney & and Bess, to her and her heirs. Item I gave unto my son James Grigsby and his heirs all that parsall of land whereon he now lives from Jones Branch up his own spring branch and to across to his brother John' spring branch, and likewise I give him three Negros, Jack, Ben, Dall and her increase forever to him & and his heirs. Item I give unto my son Wm. Grigsby, and his heirs all that parcell of land whereon he now lives, it being part of that patten I bought of Nicholas Battain from James' spring branch up Jones Branch to my head line and so along the line to his brother John's land, and likewise I give him three Negros, Allow, Jane & Grace, their increase to him and his heirs forever. Item I give unto my son Thomas Grigsby all the remainer part of that pattain. I bought of Battain from the end of Wolf Pit Point up Jones Branch to my head line on the east side of branch; also I give him the said tract of land whereon now I live to him and his heirs and likewise I give him three Negros, Nan, Genny, Mary, and their increase to him & his heirs forever and likewise I give unto my son Thomas Grigsby all my hoggs belonging to me and likewise I give him half my cattle and the other half of Cattle to be divided between my other four sons and daughter and like- wise all my other part of my moveable estate to be equally divided between my six children and further I doe desire that my estate may not be brought to an appraisement, and further I doe appoint my two sons John and Thomas Grigsby to be my executors of this my last will & testament to see that everything equally divided between themselves revoking all former wills as witness my hand and seals this 17th March, 1728/9. Signed & Sealed in the Present of us & Delivered:

Hen. Lopdell                                                       Jn. Grigsby       (seal)

mark

Eliz. Q. Eaton

her

At a Court held for Stafford County the 11th day of November 1730 this Will was presented into Court by John Grigsby and Thomas Grigsby, executors therein named, who made oath thereto and the same being further proved by the oath of Elizabeth Eaton, one of the witnesses thereto, who also made oath that she saw Henry Lopdell, another witness, subscribed, sign the same it is admitted to record and on the motion of the said executors, certificate is granted them for obtaining a probate thereof in due form.

 

Test: Catesby Cook, Clerk

A Copy Teste: S. L. Alexander, Clerk

Recorded in Will Book M, pages 17 & 18.

 

*(Deed Book 1, p. 501) Stafford County reveals a contract made on March 11, 1727, between John Grigsby, blacksmith, of Stafford County, and Charles Hardy, by which the latter is to serve apprenticeship to Grigsby for a "full time of six years. "Old John" would at that time have been too feeble to enter into such an active agreement. His son John, must have been the author of the instrument.

-- SOURCE: Nancy T. Green's Genealogy Page

More about Grigsby, John:

Also Known As: "Immigrant John" Grigsby

87.         Rosser, Jane. Jane was born about 1640-00-00 in England. She died before 1709-00-00 in St. Paul's Parish, Stafford Co., VA at the age of 69 years. Jane was the daughter of Rosser, James. She married Grigsby, John in 1678-00-00 in St. Paul's Parish, Stafford Co., VA.

Notes for Rosser, Jane

Jane ROSSER was born about 1640 in England. She died before 1709 in , Stafford Co., Va. She was christened. !Source: National Grigsby Family Society. This surname is spelled as both Rosser and Prosser in different authorities. As the name "Rosser" is passed down in some of the following generations, it is believed the most accurate, especially in view of the fact that in the handwriting of the 1600's the calligraphic "R" could easily be misinterpreted as a "Pr". Another source which should not be overlooked on this John Grigsby is the book entitled "A Tree Grows in America" The Grigsby Coat of Arms is pictured in this book. Some authorities also cite Jane Rosser as being known as Sarah Rosser.

In the will of William Fitzhugh of Stafford County, a wealthy planter, dated 9 April 1700, he refers to land near that of John Grigsby of 100 acres which Fitzhugh had purchased from Richard Ellkin. This apparently same land is referred to in the will of John Ashton dated 19 Aug 1686, which he left to Richard Elkin, being adjoining John Grigsby.

- SOURCE: Johnson family of Missouri GEDCOM

Children of Rosser, Jane and Grigsby, John

i. Grigsby, John. He was born in 1680-00-00. He died in 1750-00-00.

ii. Grigsby, Charles [120]. He was born in 1682-00-00. He died in 1740-00-00.

iii. Grigsby, Mary Ann. She was born in 1684-00-00. She died in 1747-00-00.

iv. Grigsby, James. He was born in 1686-00-00.

v. Grigsby, William. He was born in 1688-00-00. He died after 1764-00-00.

vi. Grigsby, Thomas. He was born in 1689-00-00 in St. Paul's Parish, Stafford Co., VA. He died on 1745-05-07 in Stafford Co., VA.

More about Rosser, Jane and Grigsby, John:

Marriage: 1678-00-00, St. Paul's Parish, Stafford Co., VA. Marriage of Grigsby, John and Rosser, Jane.

88.         Porter, Nicholas. Nicholas was born about 1639-00-00. Nicholas is the son of Porter, Nicholas and Lockley, Collett. He married Mitchell, Elizabeth.

Notes for Porter, Nicholas

A conversation on: Sons of Nicholas Porter by Marilyn Baxter Martin

I have much info on Benjamin Porter of Orange Co Va and Thomas Porter of Stafford Co Va. There is no documentation to tie Nicholas Porter to Benjamin Porter as far as I(and other researchers) have found. There was a publication about 1900 which indicated such a thing without documentation. There is no evidence to tie Thomas Porter to Benjamin Porter.

Thoughts: I believe Thomas and Benjamin were brothers but have been unable to prove. Reasons: Both have several sons with the same name. (not very powerful, used as a possibility for further resaerch). About 1721 there is a deed signed by Thomas of Stafford and a Benjamin Porter. Of course shorly after Benjamin showed up in Spottsylvania, so there were no further records. Additionally there was a Nicholas, Joseph, and a George Porter in the same area of Westmoreland Co at the same time.(These were some of the names for children used by both Thomas and Benjamin). They dropped out of site about 1730. Benjamin was associated with a number of families from the Westmoreland area i.e. Taliaferro, Grigsby etc while in Spottsylvania and later Orange Co. This has lead me to suspect the tie between Thomas and Benjamin. Thomas lineage: there was no Nicholas mentioned in the early records of Westmoreland and Stafford Co. Thomas was known to have been in Machodick Creek area as early as 1714 or 1712. There was a Porter family which arrived in the area about 1655 and reamined there until about 1705. I suspect Thomas is a descendent of that family. They being John and Jacob Porter(one the son of the other). Later one of Thomas' sons, Charles (I think) bought land near the Machotic about 1745. Thomas had moved to Aquia Creek area of Stafford prior to that.

I have been climbing around in this Porter tree for over 10 years now.I spent several years following Thomas [m. Ann Calvert], but dates did not work. Several researchers now say Nicholas, but I did'n think so either.Jan. 29 I was reading on Genealogy Library.com and found on pg 458 the following: Early Records of Georgia vol.1 and 2. PORTER, NICHOLAS dec'd. Chas. Porter app admr Dec.16,1793. Benj.Porter,Sec. Nicholas Porter debtor to Jos. Porter to tax on 401 acres,1777 and 1786. Hugh Walker signs affidavit Mar. 20, 1793 that Nicholas Porter gave a bond when said Walker lived at John Adams in Orange CO. VA, in 1786 to above land and another deed in 1786 and said Walker had paid certain sums, that Jos. Porter was sec. and the bond is lost.etc, etc. This document goes on to mention Nicholas Jr, and Nicholas Sr., Chas. Porter and Benjamin Porter, Duncan G. Campbell and Cecelia Porter and Thos C. Porter. Also 3500 acres on Rocky creek. Also another page mentions Benjamin Porter and wife Patsy Claiborn.

The Thomas Claiborne Porter was the son of Ben and wife, Patsy Claiborn. THere is a record that ties him to cousins in Tenn. Nick Sr. was the son of Ben of Orange Co Va. All of the Porters mentioned in this particular record were sons of Nick, except Jospeh, who was his brother. The early Ga records, from about 1783 til about 1820, are full of references to this family. there were many Virginians who served in the Rev WAr in Ga. This family was one of those. Sr. however had moved to Rockbridge Co Va and I believe he died there (didn't find the record, also possible he may have moved into Tenn with relatives and died there, still no records)

Great care has to be taken when analyzing this family. It becomes fairly easy after the family left Va., but there are still problems in proving relationships. Let me give some instances. Sons of Ben of Orange: Thomas went to KY (don't have much on him but developed some theories of who he married etc) Jospeh was in and around Madison Co Va. I believe he may have also moved to Greene Co Tenn for a short period of time. Ambrose, the oldest son, is supposedly the Ambrose of Pittsylvania Co. Have never been able to document the relationship, but most researchers believe it. I believe it from the association with the Taliaferro family. Ben is known to have associated so seems likely his oldest would also. (still not proved however) Nicholas as mentioned previously. Some of the girls married into the Grigsby family and moved to Rockbridge Co. In fact it is from a Grigsby family history written about 1870 that we "know" Ben married Ann Campbell. (only source of that info) I have entertained the possibility she was not a Campbell. I suspected she was related to another family.(there were no Campbells in Spottsylvania during the period when Ben would have arrived there) I therefore thought he was married prior to moving and since I thought he came from acroos the Rappahanock, as many other families did who lived in the area, there was another family with a similar name. Great care muist be taken of the family who remained in VA, as there were many of the same name. The references and histories I have found have been contridictory at best and unfortunately without documentation.

89.         Mitchell, Elizabeth. She married Porter, Nicholas.

Children of Mitchell, Elizabeth and Porter, Nicholas

i. Porter, Benjamin [124]. He was born in 1679-00-00 in England.

90.         Campbell, John. John was born on 1674-11-16 in Drumboden, Kilmachrenan, County Donegal, Ireland. He married Hay, Grizzel (Grace).

91.         Hay, Grizzel (Grace). Grizzel (Grace) was born about 1660-00-00 in Co. Antrim, Ulster, Ireland. She married Campbell, John.

Children of Hay, Grizzel (Grace) and Campbell, John

i. Campbell, Ann [125]. She was born in 1704-00-00 in Drumboden, Kilmachrenan, County Donegal, Ireland. She died in 1742-00-00 in Virginia.

Generation 9

92.         Cardwell, Isaac. Isaac was born on 1652-02-20 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England. He died on 1733-05-19 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England at the age of 81 years. He was buried on 1733-05-19 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England. Isaac was the son of Cardwell, Richard and Burdett, Dorothy. He married Hall, Margaret on 1672-12-03 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England.

More about Cardwell, Isaac:

Baptism: 1652-02-20, Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England.

Burial: 1733-05-19, Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England.

93.         Hall, Margaret. Margaret was born about 1652-00-00 in Thornhill, Yorkshire, West Riding, England. She died on 1733-11-27 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England at the age of 81 years. She was buried on 1733-11-27 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England. She married Cardwell, Isaac on 1672-12-03 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England.

More about Hall, Margaret:

Married Name: Margaret Hall Cardwell

Burial: 1733-11-27, Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England.

Children of Hall, Margaret and Cardwell, Isaac

i. Cardwell, John. He was born on 1673-09-08 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England. He died on 1673-09-09 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England.

ii. Cardwell, Anne. She was born on 1674-10-11 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England.

iii. Cardwell, William. He was born on 1677-01-24 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England.

iv. Cardwell, Elizabeth. She was born on 1679-02-15 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England.

v. Cardwell, John [144]. He was born on 1685-03-08 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England. He died on 1757-04-01 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England.

vi. Cardwell, Mary. She was born on 1688-11-18 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England.

vii. Cardwell, Prudent. She was born on 1690-03-08 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England.

viii. Cardwell, Martha. She was born on 1693-11-26 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England.

More about Hall, Margaret and Cardwell, Isaac:

Marriage: 1672-12-03, Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England. Marriage of Cardwell, Isaac & Hall, Margaret.

94.         Miller, Alexander Immigrant. Alexander Immigrant was born about 1650-00-00 in Scotland. He died after 1687-00-00 in Plainfield, Cumberland Co, PA at the age of 37 years. He was buried in private cemetery in Factoryville, Wyoming Co, PA. He married Ketchledge, Unknown.

More about Miller, Alexander Immigrant:

Burial: private cemetery in Factoryville, Wyoming Co, PA.

95.         Ketchledge, Unknown. Unknown was born about 1652-00-00 in Scotland. She died after 1687-00-00 at the age of 35 years. She married Miller, Alexander Immigrant.

Children of Ketchledge, Unknown and Miller, Alexander Immigrant

i. Miller, Thomas [190]. He was born about 1687-00-00 in Scotland. He died on 1755-10-27 in Northhampton Co, PA.

96.         McDowell, Alexander. Alexander was born about 1595-00-00 in Glenoe, Co. Antrim, Ulster, Ireland. He died in Glenoe, Co. Antrim, Ulster, Ireland. Alexander was the son of MacDowell, John and Wylie, Mary. He married Hall, Margaret about 1625-00-0019.

97.         Hall, Margaret. Margaret died in Glenoe, Co. Antrim, Ulster, Ireland. She married McDowell, Alexander about 1625-00-0019.

Children of Hall, Margaret and McDowell, Alexander

i. McDowell, Thomas [228]. He was born about 1635-00-00 in Glenoe, Raloo Parish, Co. Antrim, Ulster, Ireland. He died in Glenoe, Co. Antrim, Ulster, Ireland.

More about Hall, Margaret and McDowell, Alexander:

Marriage: about 1625-00-0019. Marriage of McDowell, Alexander & Hall, Margaret.

98.         Grigsby, Thomas. Thomas was born on 1599-12-06 in Marsham, England. He died in 1650-00-00 in Maidstone, Kent, England at the age of 51 years. Thomas was the son of Grigsby, Isaac and Finch, Joane. He married Bankes, Elizabeth on 1622-06-04 in All Saints Church, Maidstone, Kent, England.

99.         Bankes, Elizabeth. Elizabeth was born in 1607-00-00 in Maidstone, Kent, England. She died in 1675-00-00 in Maidstone, Kent, England at the age of 68 years. Elizabeth was the daughter of Bankes, John and Fisher, Mary. She married Grigsby, Thomas on 1622-06-04 in All Saints Church, Maidstone, Kent, England.

Children of Bankes, Elizabeth and Grigsby, Thomas

i. Grigsby, Mary.

ii. Grigsby, Thomas.

iii. Grigsby, Margaret.

iv. Grigsby, Stephen.

v. Grigsby, Alexander.

vi. Grigsby, Elizabeth.

vii. Grigsby, John [240]. He was born on 1624-08-08 in Maidstone, Kent, England. He died on 1730-10-11 in St. Paul's Parish, Stafford Co., VA.

More about Bankes, Elizabeth and Grigsby, Thomas:

Marriage: 1622-06-04, All Saints Church, Maidstone, Kent, England. Marriage of Grigsby, Thomas and Bankes, Elizabeth.

100.     Rosser, James. James was born about 1625-00-00. He died about 1652-00-00 at the age of 27 years.

Children of unknown and Rosser, James

i. Rosser, Jane [241]. She was born about 1640-00-00 in England. She died before 1709-00-00 in St. Paul's Parish, Stafford Co., VA.

101.     Porter, Nicholas. Nicholas was born about 1600-00-00 in England. He died in Charles River Co., VA. He married Lockley, Collett in 1636-10-00 in Worcestershire, England27,28.

Notes for Porter, Nicholas

Early Virginia Immigrants; 16231666

Porter, Nicholas, 1637, by Joseph Jolly, Charles River Co.

Worcestershire: - Registers of Marriages, 1538-1836 Second Register Burials Marriages at Shipston-on-Stour, 1572 to 1812. Volume 1 .County: Worcestershire Country: England Nicholas Porter & Collett Lockley 22 Oct 1636

102.     Lockley, Collett. She married Porter, Nicholas in 1636-10-00 in Worcestershire, England27,28.

Children of Lockley, Collett and Porter, Nicholas

i. Porter, Nicholas [248]. He was born about 1639-00-00.

More about Lockley, Collett and Porter, Nicholas:

Marriage: 1636-10-00, Worcestershire, England27,28. Marriage of Porter, Nicholas & Lockley, Elizabeth.

Generation 10

103.     Cardwell, Richard. Richard was born about 1620-00-00 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England. He died on 1672-03-16 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England at the age of 52 years. He married Burdett, Dorothy.

More about Cardwell, Richard:

Marriage: 1639-11-12, Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England. Married Mary Wilson (1st wife), who died 1646-03-11.

Marriage: 1647-06-06, Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England. Marriage: Richard Cardwell & Dorothy Burdett (2nd wife).

Children of unknown and Cardwell, Richard

i. Cardwell, Elizabeth. She was born on 1643-02-06 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England. She died on 1643-01-20 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England.

ii. Cardwell, Mathew. He was born on 1644-04-21 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England.

104.     Burdett, Dorothy. Dorothy was born about 1625-00-00 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England. She died on 1662-04-04 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England at the age of 37 years. She married Cardwell, Richard.

More about Burdett, Dorothy:

Married Name: Dorothy Burdett Cardwell

Marriage: 1647-06-06, Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England. Marriage: Richard Cardwell & Dorothy Burdett (2nd wife).

Children of Burdett, Dorothy and Cardwell, Richard

i. Cardwell, James. He was born on 1648-04-22 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England.

ii. Cardwell, William. He was born on 1650-04-13 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England.

iii. Cardwell, Isaac [288]. He was born on 1652-02-20 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England. He died on 1733-05-19 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England.

iv. Cardwell, Jacob. He was born on 1657-05-03 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England.

v. Cardwell, Prudent. She was born on 1660-12-09 in Netherton, Thornhill Parish, Yorkshire, England.

105.     MacDowell, John. John was born before 1593-00-00 in Galloway, Scotland. He died after 1635-00-00 in Glenoe, Co. Antrim, Ulster, Ireland at the age of 42 years. John was the son of Macdowall, Uchtred , 10th of Garthland and Kennedy, Margaret. He married Wylie, Mary about 1595-00-00 in Glenoe, Co. Antrim, Ulster, Ireland19.

Notes for MacDowell, John

Burke's "Peerages of Ireland" tells us there were four McDowells and two Knox's deported en masse to Ulster from Galloway in Scotland, as what he calls "Undertakers", men who were heads or commanders of a castle, supplying two hundred men for military service, besides tillers of soil, tradesmen for all other needs for the colony. Among these was a colony of McDowells who claim to be direct descendents in line from Duncan McDowell.

What Our Early American Kin Said...

Below is a variation of the story passed down through Joseph McDowell of Kentucky (b. 1799, an early descendant of Ephraim McDowell of Virginia). His was recorded by his niece Mary Kyle McDowell, a Protestant Nun and genealogist in the mid to late 1800's:

"The McDowells and Irvines, who were intermarried, embraced the Covenant and were persecuted during the reign of King Charles I. They placed themselves under Archibald (Campbell), 8th Earl of Argyll, and fought under the Duke of Cumberland"...

(Note: I [Leo B. McDowell] believe this latter part to be misspoken, it should read " the Duke of Hamilton" (vice "Duke of Cumberland").

"...and made a brave resistance, but being defeated by James Graham, Earl of Montrose, on 2 February 1645, in the battle of Inverlochy, and in several later engagements. "They left Scotland by 1655, and took refuge in the county of Derry, province of Ulster, in the north of Ireland. They remained in Ireland through 1689, when being attacked by the Irish natives, they sustained the memorable siege of Londonderry, when one of his grandsons was killed."

Another account found in early correspondence relating to Mary Kyle McDowell's work, states that the County Antrim McDowells left Scotland in 1584 for Ulster, which (perhaps not so coincidentally) corresponds to the very same year that Uchtred Macdowall, 10th of Garthland, had his summons deleted by the royal warrant (19 August 1584) for his part in the Ruthven Raid affair. Although family chroniclers have stated that Uchtred had sought sanctuary in France before his pardon, it has been well-documented that the phrase "exiled to France" during these times often simply meant "left the Isle of Britain". Perhaps entries in the more than six-hundred year old book at Fair Hill, near Larne (described below in the The Irvines and Their Kin by L. Boyd) may shed more light on when the McDowells (close kin to the Irvines) actually arrived to settle in County Antrim and under what circumstances. Also note below in this same segment that the Irvines (kin and fellow Covenanters from Scotland) are credited with building their home in Gleno, County Antrim in 1585.

What Our Ulster Kin Said...

Mary Semple of Mounthill, near Larne in County Antrim, Ulster (an Irish Genealogist from the early 1900's), wrote about the McDowell and associated families in County Antrim. Mary research and presented extensive genealogies on the Blair, Irvines, Knox, and Lyle families as well - families which bare close ties of kinship to the McDowells in Ulster, Canada, and America. It is my personal assessment that her genealogies were meticulously researched and are verifiable through multiple sources in Scotland and Ulster, as well as by my own research during the present time. I have yet to find an instance of error in her works through cross-referencing the various family genealogies and by my research methods and the increased availability of source materials. The research of Mary Semple was done via family bibles, passed down by word of mouth from living relatives or other written documentation, and/or alternatively through church records.

It should also be noted that Mary Semple had access to the church records of the Presbyterian Church in Raloo near Larne, civil records, as well as, the Raloo Presbyterian Church graveyard where many of the McDowells and related families are buried, including Margaret Irvine McDowell (d. 1728) - the wife of Ephraim McDowell of VIrginia.

It is important to note that some of the oldest McDowell graves present in the Raloo churchyard bear on their headstones the family coat-of-arms and attributed mottos of the Macdowalls of Garthland. Thus, support Mary Semple's claim that the McDowells of Gleno, Raloo Parish, County Antrim, Ulster descend from that particular branch of the family. Many of the other related families also displayed coats-of-arms on their headstones as well.

I [Leo B. McDowell] have made no attempt to change anything contained in her work (or the continuation work by David McDowell which follows) but have added items in parenthesis for the sake of clarification and/or continuity. Having said this, what follows is Mary Semple's account:

FAMILY HISTORY OF THE McDOWELLS OF WIGTONSHIRE, SCOTLAND; CO ANTRIM, IRELAND by Mary Semple:

The name was originally McDougall, and was later changed to McDowall and still later, in Ireland, changed to McDowell. The family crest bears the inscription, 'Fortis in Arduis' and one of their earliest charter speaks of the family origins as lost in antiquity. The McDowells, Lairds of Garthland, were in the first centuries styled as Princes of Galloway, by allowances of the then Kings of Scotland and their first residence in Galloway was Estholm, Parish of Penwick, Wigtonshire.

It is stated that they supported King Edward the 1st of England, from which their property arose. Donald McDowell was a leader of the battle of the Standard in 1238 where he was slain. His son - Dougall McDowell of Garthland Castle had a charter from Baliol in 1295.

Dougall, son of the above (Dougall). In 1362 Fergus, son of Dougall, was Sheriff Deputy of Galloway. Their son, Thomas, married a daughter of Wallace of Craigie and had a charter from Earl Douglas in 1413 and was witness to a charter of Andrew Agnew of Loughmaw, first hereditary Sheriff of Galloway. In 1426 his daughter married Andrew Agnew of Galloway.

Uchtred succeeded in 1440 and married a daughter of Robert Vauss (Vans) of Barnburrock. Their son, Thomas, in 1470 married a daughter of Frazer of Saltoun, ancestor of Lord Saltoun. His son, Uchtred, succeeded in 1488 and married Isabella, daughter of Sir John Gordon of Lochinfar. He was killed, as was also his eldest son, in the Battle of Flodden, 1513. His son, Thomas, married Isabella, daughter of Alexander Stewart. He was also killed at Flodden (Field) in 1513.

Uchtred succeeded his grandfather in 1513 and married his cousin Marion, daughter of Sir Alexander Stewart of Corswall. Their son, John succeeded in 1531 and married Margaret, daughter and heiress of John Campbell. He was killed at Pinkie in 1547. His son, Uchtred married Margaret, daughter of Sir Hugh Kennedy and their seventh son, John McDowell came to Gleno, parish of Raloo near Larne, Ireland in (by?) 1595 as a political exile where he married Mary Wylie. Their (grand?)son Thomas married Ann Locke.

Their son Ephriam married his cousin Margaret Irvine.

The above Ephriam McDowell married Margaret Irvine who died, left Gleno with two of his sons, two daughters and three brothers-in-law for America. They sailed from Larne in a sailing ship called the 'George and Ann' on May 29 1731. After a short stay in Pittsburgh, Pa., they settled in Virginia. He was a lad of 16 when he was pressed to the siege of Londonderry. He went with King William to the Battle of the Boyne and shod the King's white horse the night before the battle. He had been learning to be a blacksmith with his father. The house where he lived and the shop where he wrought are still to be seen in the lovely village of Gleno. (Note: Since Mary Semple's writing, Gleno has had major changes.)

All the (then present) McDowells of Raloo are descended from him through his eldest son Thomas who remained in Gleno. His brother-in-law Alexander Irvine was one of the 'Apprentice Boys' who closed the gates of Derry in the face of King James' Army.

Ephriam was one (of the sons) who went with him to America. Although an old man at the time of the Revolutionary War, (He) was among the first to raise the sword of freedom for the Colonies.

Their (Ephriam & Margaret Irvine McDowell's) son Thomas married Janet Reid.

Their son Ephriam married Margaret Craig.

Their son Thomas married Jane Drummond*.

(Note: The Author of this Family History was Mary Semple of Mounthill, near Larne, Co Antrim, N. Ireland and was compiled and researched by her in 1927. It was brought further up to date by David McDowell, Chatham, Ontario, Canada in 1980 [see http://members.tripod.com/leomcdowell/id19.htm "Ulster Kith and Kin" for this info].)

-- From http://members.tripod.com/leomcdowell/id19.htm "Ulster Kith and Kin", COPYRIGHT 2000 Leo B. McDowell

106.     Wylie, Mary. Mary died in Glenoe, Co. Antrim, Ulster, Ireland. She married MacDowell, John about 1595-00-00 in Glenoe, Co. Antrim, Ulster, Ireland19.

Children of Wylie, Mary and MacDowell, John

i. McDowell, Alexander [456]. He was born about 1595-00-00 in Glenoe, Co. Antrim, Ulster, Ireland. He died in Glenoe, Co. Antrim, Ulster, Ireland.

ii. McDowell, John.

More about Wylie, Mary and MacDowell, John:

Marriage: about 1595-00-00, Glenoe, Co. Antrim, Ulster, Ireland19. Marriage of MacDowell, John & Wylie, Mary.

107.     Grigsby, Isaac. Isaac was born in 1553-00-00. He died in 1607-00-00 at the age of 54 years. Isaac was the son of Grigsby, Alexander and , Anna. He married Finch, Joane.

108.     Finch, Joane. Joane was born in 1553-00-00. She died in 1613-00-00 at the age of 60 years. She married Grigsby, Isaac.

Children of Finch, Joane and Grigsby, Isaac

i. Grigsby, Thomas [480]. He was born on 1599-12-06 in Marsham, England. He died in 1650-00-00 in Maidstone, Kent, England.

109.     Bankes, John. John was born about 1572-00-00 in Ashford, Kent, England. He died on 1642-08-22 in London, Middlesex, England at the age of 70 years. John was the son of Bankes, John and Masterson, Margery. He married Fisher, Mary in 1597-00-00 in Maidstone, Kent, England.

110.     Fisher, Mary. Mary was born about 1577-00-00 in Maidstone, Kent, England. She was buried in Maidstone, Kent, England. Mary is the daughter of Fisher, Alexander and Maplesden, Katherine. She married Bankes, John in 1597-00-00 in Maidstone, Kent, England.

More about Fisher, Mary:

Burial: Maidstone, Kent, England.

Children of Fisher, Mary and Bankes, John

i. Bankes, Elizabeth [481]. She was born in 1607-00-00 in Maidstone, Kent, England. She died in 1675-00-00 in Maidstone, Kent, England.

More about Fisher, Mary and Bankes, John:

Marriage: 1597-00-00, Maidstone, Kent, England. Marriage of Bankes, John and Fisher, Mary.

Generation 11

111.     Macdowall, Uchtred, 10th of Garthland. Uchtred was born in 1546-00-00 in Galloway, Scotland. He died in 1593-00-00 at the age of 47 years. Uchtred was the son of Macdowall, John , 9th of Garthland and Campbell, Margaret. He married Kennedy, Margaret in Scotland19.

Notes for Macdowall, Uchtred , 10th of Garthland

The Event that precipitated our family's flight from Scotland to Ulster, to some degree, was the Ruthven Raid and its aftermath. In the so-called Raid of Ruthven, the Earl of Gowrie and some of his fellow-nobles (possibly including Ucthred Macdowall, 10th of Garthland who was implicated as a conspirator) seized the young King James IV and, for some ten months, held him captive. In 1581, Esme Stewart was created Earl of Lennox. He was in support of Queen Mary and acknowledged Catholic concerns at a time when the Reformation was well established in Scotland. The Presbyterians believed Lennox to be an agent for the Counter-Reformation and a Catholic spy.

Although both the King and Lennox had declared themselves for the Reformation, rulings made and appointments given by James, particularly those overturning General Assembly proceedings, had the Presbyterians convinced he was being influenced by Lennox. William Ruthven, 1st Earl of Gowrie, was the head of Scotland's militant Presbyterians. Such was their fear of Lennox being near the King they staged a coup. While the King was hunting in Atholl in August 1582, he was abducted by Gowrie and imprisoned in his House of Ruthven until, the next morning, he signed a document proclaiming himself to be quite free and that Lennox was to be banished from Scotland. Gowrie led a new government which gave the Presbyterians ruling powers, all the while keeping James their captive. Lennox, who had moved back to France, died in 1583.

Taking advantage of this, these nobles virtually ruled the country, making friends with England and distancing Scotland from France. They passed laws against the Papists, favoring the Protestant ministers. But with the young king's escape from his captors the situation changed. Believing that the ministers had instigated the Raid, the King turned his wrath upon the (Scottish Presbyterian) Church. Then in June that year the young King escaped from his imprisonment. Gowrie was charged with treason and beheaded.

Uchtred Macdowall, 10th Laird of Gartland was implicated in the conspiracy (Ruthven Raid). It is not known what part Uchtred played in the conspiracy, it was sufficient for him to require a royal pardon in 1584. Uchtred Macdowall had retoured before the High Sheriff at Wigtown, on 29 February 1548, as son and heir to John Macdowall of Garthland slain at Pinkie Cleugh, universally reputed chief of the name and had Bonds of Manrent from MacDouall of Logan and MacDowall of Freugh and others as their chief. Uchtred entered a feud with Lochinvar upon the murder of Gilbert Macdowall of Barjarg. Uchtred for his part in the Ruthven Raid was called to trial but had his summons deleted by the King's warrant, 19 August 1584 and had a fresh charter from King James VI of the Baronies of Garthland and Corswall.

Under the administration of the Earl of Arran, a subservient Scottish Parliament passed the legislation known as the Black Acts, making the king supreme in all causes and over all persons. The General Assembly was forbidden to meet without his permission, and the effective jurisdiction of the Church was lodged in the Episcopal body. Thus, the supremacy of the Crown was asserted over the Church as well as the State.

King James subsequently sensed his dependence upon Presbyterian support, and repealed the Black Acts in 1590, and declared himself in favor for the Reformed Kirk, which he now praised as "the sincerest Kirk in the World." However, the king's sincerity was lacking, and he soon re-asserted his supremacy in all the Church's affairs. The immediate cause of conflict on this occasion was a plot to overthrow the Protestant religion in Scotland. The principal agents of this conspiracy were the Earls of Huntly, Angus, and Errol. Their plans came to light in 1592, but the scheming nobles were treated with such leniency by the king as to give rise to the suspicion that he himself had Papist leanings. The following details relate to Uchtred Macdowell, 10th of Garthland:

Uchtred Macdowall, 10th of Garthland married 1st wife, Margaret Kennedy, the daughter of Sir Hugh Kennedy of Girvanmains, by his wife Janet, widow of Alexander Gordon, Master of Sutherland, and a daughter of John Stewart, 2nd Earl of Atholl, and had issue,

1. UCHTRED, 11th of Garthland, of whom presently.

2. Catherine, married the 4th Baron of Cathcart. He died in 1618.

3. John, a political exile like his father, came to Gleno near Larne, Raloo Parish, County Antrim, Ulster by 1595 where he married Mary Wylie. John was described as "the 7th son of Uchtred MacDowall, 10th of Garthland" by the genealogist Mary Semple and as his son from his 1st wife Margaret Kennedy. John Macdowall/McDowell fled Scotland to Ulster due to religious persecution as a Covenantor. It is from this John and Mary (Wylie) McDowell of Gleno that my family descends. (See http://members.tripod.com/leomcdowell/id19.htm "Ulster Kith and Kin".)

 

Uchtred the 10th of Garthland married 2nd wife Margaret Stewart of Methven, widow of Alexander Stewart, Master of Ochiltree, and the daughter of 1st Lord Methven, and died abroad (France or Ireland?) in 1593, having by her had issue,

1. Margaret, married Sir John Vans of Barnbarroch, Member of Parliament for Wigtownshire, and had issue. Sir John Vans died in 1642.

Sources:

Semple, Mary; Family History of the McDowells of Wigtonshire, Scotland, County Antrim, Ireland and Kent County, Ontario, Canada; 1927.

Macdowall, FDH; The Macdowalls of Galloway.

Clan Ruthven.

McCrie, T.; Life of Andrew Melville: p.181.

Burke's Landed Gentry.

-- From http://members.tripod.com/leomcdowell/id26.htm "The Ruthven Raid", COPYRIGHT 2000 Leo B. McDowell

More about Macdowall, Uchtred , 10th of Garthland:

Marriage: 2nd wife: Lady Margaret Stewart of Methven.

Children of unknown and Macdowall, Uchtred , 10th of Garthland

i. Macdowall, Margaret.

ii. Macdowall, Janet.

112.     Kennedy, Margaret. Margaret was born in Galloway, Scotland. She died before 1578-00-00 in Galloway, Scotland. She married Macdowall, Uchtred , 10th of Garthland in Scotland19.

Notes for Kennedy, Margaret

Daughter of Sir Hugh Kennedy of Girvanmains

Children of Kennedy, Margaret and Macdowall, Uchtred , 10th of Garthland

i. Macdowall, Uchted.

ii. Macdowall, Catherine.

iii. Macdowall, Thomas.

iv. MacDowell, John [912]. He was born before 1593-00-00 in Galloway, Scotland. He died after 1635-00-00 in Glenoe, Co. Antrim, Ulster, Ireland.

More about Kennedy, Margaret and Macdowall, Uchtred , 10th of Garthland:

Marriage: Scotland19. Marriage of Uchtred Macdowall, 10th of Garthland & Margaret Kennedy.

113.     Grigsby, Alexander. Alexander was born in 1526-00-00. He died in 1575-00-00 at the age of 49 years. Alexander was the son of Grigsby, John and Sharp, Margaret. He married , Anna.

114.      , Anna. Anna was born in 1526-00-00. She died in 1603-00-00 at the age of 77 years. She married Grigsby, Alexander.

Children of , Anna and Grigsby, Alexander

i. Grigsby, Isaac [960]. He was born in 1553-00-00. He died in 1607-00-00.

115.     Bankes, John. John was born about 1534-00-00 in Lancastershire, England. He died in 1579-00-00 in Ashford, Kent, England at the age of 45 years. He married Masterson, Margery about 1559-00-00 in Winnington, Cheshire, England.

116.     Masterson, Margery. Margery was born about 1539-00-00 in Winnington, Cheshire, England. She died in Ashford, Kent, England. She married Bankes, John about 1559-00-00 in Winnington, Cheshire, England.

Children of Masterson, Margery and Bankes, John

i. Bankes, John [962]. He was born about 1572-00-00 in Ashford, Kent, England. He died on 1642-08-22 in London, Middlesex, England.

More about Masterson, Margery and Bankes, John:

Marriage: about 1559-00-00, Winnington, Cheshire, England. Marriage of Bankes, John and Masterson, Margery.

117.     Fisher, Alexander. Alexander was born before 1551-00-00 in Maidstone, Kent, England. He married Maplesden, Katherine about 1558-00-00.

118.     Maplesden, Katherine. Katherine was born before 1553-00-00 in Maidstone, Kent, England. Katherine is the daughter of Maplisden, Peter. She married Fisher, Alexander about 1558-00-00.

Children of Maplesden, Katherine and Fisher, Alexander

i. Fisher, Mary [963]. She was born about 1577-00-00 in Maidstone, Kent, England.

More about Maplesden, Katherine and Fisher, Alexander:

Marriage: about 1558-00-00. Marriage of Fisher, Alexander and Maplesden, Katherine.

Generation 12

119.     Macdowall, John, 9th of Garthland. John was born in Galloway, Scotland. He died on 1547-09-10. John was the son of Macdowall, Uchtred , 8th of Garthland and Stewart, Marion. He married Campbell, Margaret.

Notes for Macdowall, John , 9th of Garthland

John MacDowall, 9th of Garthland, with his wife had half the barony of Corswall by charter under the Great Seal of Queen Mary and acquired the other half from the other co-heir, upon his marriage to Margaret Campbell, the daughter and co-heiress of Finlay Campbell of Corswall. John MacDowall was killed at the Battle of Pinkie Cleugh on 10 September, 1547. The Battle of Pinkie Cleugh is another honored memory for the Scots against the English, fought over the issue of Mary Queen of Scots' proposed arranged marriage by the English Crown, referred to as "Rough Wooing". It was all for not though, because Queen Mary had escaped to France and married Le Dauphin, Prince of France.

The next generation of our family changed sides several times, but were to become through the remaining centuries - defenders of Scotland supporting King Charles I (1625-49) in the Civil War. Sir James Macdowall, 14th of Garthland, served and retoured heir to his father (Uctred, 13th of Garthland) on 8 August, 1637. Sir James Macdowall was married to Jean Hamilton, the daughter of Sir John Hamilton of Grange. In 1641, Sir James Macdowall was elected Commissioner to the Parliament, and arranged to bring the Scots army detachment from Ireland in 1647 for the relief of Charles I in England and waited on the King and was knighted when the King put himself in the hands of the Scots army before the Battle of Newark. After the defeat of Leslie at the Battle of Dunbar (in 1650), and subsequent battles led by James Hamilton, Duke of Hamilton, other Macdowalls escaped from Scotland with their families to settle in Ulster. King Charles also fled but was captured. With the end of the Civil War, Charles I was beheaded and Sir James Macdowall declined appointment to the judiciary by Oliver Cromwell. After the Restoration (about 1661), Sir James Macdowall was named a Senator of the College of Justice. Sir James fathered several sons, many of whom died as infants.

In subsequent years, our cousins of Clan MacDougall supported the Jacobite cause through the unsuccessful 1715 Rebellion and thereby forfeited any small possessions they still had. The MacDougall chief's wife had held Dunollie castle against government troops while he was fighting at Sheriffmuir. The MacDougall estate was confiscated but restored just prior to 1745 because of their loyalty to the Crown during the 1745 Rebellion of Charles Edward Stuart - "Bonnie Prince Charlie".

-- From http://members.tripod.com/leomcdowell/id25.htm "The Lords and The Line", COPYRIGHT 2000 Leo B. McDowell

120.     Campbell, Margaret. She married Macdowall, John , 9th of Garthland.

Notes for Campbell, Margaret

Daughter of John Finlay Campbell of Corswall

Children of Campbell, Margaret and Macdowall, John , 9th of Garthland

i. Macdowall, Gilbert , Vicor of Inch.

ii. Macdowall, Helenn.

iii. Macdowall, Florence.

iv. Macdowall, Uchtred , 10th of Garthland [1824]. He was born in 1546-00-00 in Galloway, Scotland. He died in 1593-00-00.

121.     Grigsby, John. John was born in 1505-00-00. He died in 1550-00-00 at the age of 45 years. He married Sharp, Margaret.

122.     Sharp, Margaret. Margaret was born in 1505-00-00. She died in 1563-00-00 at the age of 58 years. She married Grigsby, John.

Children of Sharp, Margaret and Grigsby, John

i. Grigsby, Alexander [1920]. He was born in 1526-00-00. He died in 1575-00-00.

123.     Maplisden, Peter.

Children of unknown and Maplisden, Peter

i. Maplesden, Katherine [1927]. She was born before 1553-00-00 in Maidstone, Kent, England.

Generation 13

124.     Macdowall, Uchtred, 8th of Garthland. Uchtred was born in Scotland. He died about 1531-00-00 in Scotland. Uchtred was the son of Macdowall, Thomas and Stewart, Isobell. He married Stewart, Marion.

125.     Stewart, Marion. She married Macdowall, Uchtred , 8th of Garthland.

Notes for Stewart, Marion

Daughter of Sir Alexander Stewart, 4th of Garlies

Children of Stewart, Marion and Macdowall, Uchtred , 8th of Garthland

i. Macdowall, John , 9th of Garthland [3648]. He was born in Galloway, Scotland. He died on 1547-09-10.

ii. Macdowall, Alexander.

iii. Macdowall, Eupham.

Generation 14

126.     Macdowall, Thomas. Thomas was born in Scotland. He died on 1513-09-09 in Northumberland, England. Thomas was the son of Macdowall, Uchtred , 7th of Garthland and Gordon, Isobell. He married Stewart, Isobell.

127.     Stewart, Isobell. She married Macdowall, Thomas.

Notes for Stewart, Isobell

Daughter of Sir Alexander Stewart, 3rd of Garlies and Dalswinton

Children of Stewart, Isobell and Macdowall, Thomas

i. Macdowall, Uchtred , 8th of Garthland [7296]. He was born in Scotland. He died about 1531-00-00 in Scotland.

Generation 15

128.     Macdowall, Uchtred, 7th of Garthland. Uchtred was born in Scotland. He died on 1513-09-09 in Northumberland, England. Uchtred was the son of Macdowall, Thomas , 6th of Garthland and Fraser,. He married Gordon, Isobell.

Notes for Macdowall, Uchtred , 7th of Garthland

By the time of the Battle of Flodden Field in 1513, any loyalty, deference, or fealty to the English Crown had long since passed. Uctred MacDowall, 7th of Garthland, was married to Isobell Gordon, daughter of Sir John and Anabella Gordon of Lochinvar. Annabella was the daughter of the 1st Lord Boyd of Kilmarnock. Uctred was killed at Flodden Field along with his son and heir Thomas MacDowall, along with Thomas's father-in-law Sir Alexander Stewart, 3rd of Garlies and Daswinton, and Uchtred's son-in-law William Adair of Kilhilt. Almost every noble house in Scotland lost members at Flodden against the English. More than 12,000 men were killed outright or hunted down and put to the sword. Flodden Field in Northumberland is a very solemn, painful, and reverent memory and place for the Scots. It is sacred "hallowed ground", the place where Scotland lost her best sons, as well as, its last best chance for Scottish National Independence.

-- From http://members.tripod.com/leomcdowell/id25.htm "The Lords and The Line", COPYRIGHT 2000 Leo B. McDowell

129.     Gordon, Isobell. She married Macdowall, Uchtred , 7th of Garthland.

Notes for Gordon, Isobell

Daughter of Sir John Gordon of Lochinvar

Children of Gordon, Isobell and Macdowall, Uchtred , 7th of Garthland

i. Macdowall, Thomas [14592]. He was born in Scotland. He died on 1513-09-09 in Northumberland, England.

ii. Macdowall, Alexander.

iii. Macdowall, Janet.

Generation 16

130.     Macdowall, Thomas, 6th of Garthland. Thomas was born in Scotland. He died in 1488-00-00 in Scotland. Thomas was the son of Macdowall, Uchtred , 5th of Garthland and Vans,. He married Fraser,.

131.     Fraser,  . She married Macdowall, Thomas , 6th of Garthland.

Notes for Fraser,

Daughter of Sir Alexander Fraser, 3rd of Philorth

Children of Fraser, and Macdowall, Thomas , 6th of Garthland

i. Macdowall, Uchtred , 7th of Garthland [29184]. He was born in Scotland. He died on 1513-09-09 in Northumberland, England.

ii. Macdowall, Jean.

Generation 17

132.     Macdowall, Uchtred, 5th of Garthland. Uchtred was born in Scotland. He died about 1470-00-00 in Scotland. Uchtred was the son of Macdowall, Thomas , 4th of Garochloyne and Wallace,. He married Vans,.

133.     Vans, . She married Macdowall, Uchtred , 5th of Garthland.

Notes for Vans,

Daughter of Robert Vans of Barnbarrock

Children of Vans, and Macdowall, Uchtred , 5th of Garthland

i. Macdowall, Thomas , 6th of Garthland [58368]. He was born in Scotland. He died in 1488-00-00 in Scotland.

ii. Macdowall, Fergus.

iii. Macdowall, Janet.

Generation 18

134.     Macdowall, Thomas, 4th of Garochloyne. Thomas was born about 1400-00-00 in Scotland. He died in 1440-00-00 in Scotland at the age of 40 years. Thomas was the son of Macdowall, Sir Fergus , 3rd of Garochloyne. He married Wallace,.

135.     Wallace, . She married Macdowall, Thomas , 4th of Garochloyne.

Notes for Wallace,

Daughter of Sir John Wallace of Craigie

Children of Wallace, and Macdowall, Thomas , 4th of Garochloyne

i. Macdowall, Uchtred , 5th of Garthland [116736]. He was born in Scotland. He died about 1470-00-00 in Scotland.

ii. Macdowall, Andrew.

iii. Macdowall, Gilbert.

iv. Macdowall, (daughter).

Generation 19

136.     Macdowall, Sir Fergus, 3rd of Garochloyne. Sir Fergus was born in Scotland. He died after 1414-00-00 in Scotland. Sir Fergus was the son of Macdowall, Dougall , 2nd of Garochloyne.

Children of unknown and Macdowall, Sir Fergus , 3rd of Garochloyne

i. Macdowall, Thomas , 4th of Garochloyne [233472]. He was born about 1400-00-00 in Scotland. He died in 1440-00-00 in Scotland.

ii. Macdowall, Gilbert of Spotss.

Generation 20

137.     Macdowall, Dougall, 2nd of Garochloyne. Dougall was born in Scotland. He died in Scotland. Dougall was the son of Macdowall, Dougal , 1st of Garochloyne.

Children of unknown and Macdowall, Dougall , 2nd of Garochloyne

i. Macdowall, Sir Fergus , 3rd of Garochloyne [466944]. He was born in Scotland. He died after 1414-00-00 in Scotland.

ii. Macdowall, Duncan.

Generation 21

138.     Macdowall, Dougal, 1st of Garochloyne. Dougal was born before 1238-00-00 in Scotland. He died in Scotland. Dougal was the son of Macdowall, Donald.

Children of unknown and Macdowall, Dougal , 1st of Garochloyne

i. Macdowall, Dougall , 2nd of Garochloyne [933888]. He was born in Scotland. He died in Scotland.

Generation 22

139.     Macdowall, Donald. Donald was born about 1210-00-00 in Scotland. He died in 1238-00-00 in Scotland at the age of 28 years. Donald was the son of Mac Dowal, Dougal.

Children of unknown and Macdowall, Donald

i. Macdowall, Dougal , 1st of Garochloyne [1867776]. He was born before 1238-00-00 in Scotland. He died in Scotland.

Generation 23

140.     Mac Dowal, Dougal. Dougal was born before 1185-00-00 in Scotland. He died in Scotland. Dougal was the son of de Galloway, Dowal.

Notes for Mac Dowal, Dougal

Dougal Mac Dowal "Son of Dowal" (of Galloway)

Children of unknown and Mac Dowal, Dougal

i. Macdowall, Donald [3735552]. He was born about 1210-00-00 in Scotland. He died in 1238-00-00 in Scotland.

Generation 24

141.     de Galloway, Dowal. Dowal was born in Scotland. He died in 1185-00-00 in Galloway, Scotland. Dowal was the son of de Galloway, Uchtred , 2nd Lord of Galloway and de Dunbar, Gunnild.

Notes for de Galloway, Dowal

Ancestor of the Macdowall/Macdoualls/McDowells et al

Roland (Rolund) (born about 1164, died in 1200) had a brother named Duegald (Dowall, killed in 1185), the younger son of Uchtred 2nd Lord of Galloway and his wife Gunild of Dunbar), from whom the surnamed "MacDowall" are descended according to Garthland records, as a result of which they carry the undifferenced Arms of Galloway, the Dalriadic lion used per pale (light blue) by Somerled, Or (gold) quartered by the MacDougall, except crowned in Galloway. Roland is buried at the abbey of St. Andrew in Northhamptonshire, England where the family also held lands. The Clan Ferguson also claim descendency from Prince Fergus de Galloway, 1st Lord of Galloway, as do the MacDonals and Galloways.

Because John (The Red) Comyn of Badenoch, the grandson of Dervorguilla MacDowall Balliol, Lady of Galloway, was murdered at the alter rails at the Dominican Greyfriars' Kirk in Dumfries, by Robert the Bruce, Earl of Carrick, in order to usurp the crown. John "the Red" Comyn had betrayed William Wallace at Falkirk (1306) while in the heat of battle, John and his vassals (mostly light cavalry) left the field, and it is presumed that he had conspired with King Edward to betray Wallace in this manner. Robert the Bruces' brothers Alexander and Thomas had gone to Galloway to seek aid for "The Bruce's" cause. They were captured by Comyn and the MacDowalls and turned over to King Edward I and were hung, drawn and quartered, and dragged through the streets of Carlisle. The Galloway MacDowalls were mortal foes of King Robert I (1306-1329) of Scotland and close kin and allies of the crowned Balliols of Galloway, of the MacDougalls of Argyll and Lorn, of Alexander Comyn Earl of Buchan, and of their fifth cousin King Edward I (Plantagenet) of England (1239-1307). Edward I completed the conquest of Wales and temporarily subdued Scotland. He was the eldest son of Henry III. In 1254 he was made duke of Gascony and married Eleanor of Castile (died 1290). In contrast to his father, Edward showed masterfulness in the disputes with the English barons following the governmental reforms instituted by the Provisions of Oxford (1258). He supported Simon de Montfort in 1259 but later changed sides. He fought for the king at the Battle of Lewes (1264) and himself defeated Montfort decisively at Evesham (1265), restoring royal power. In 1271-72 he was on crusade at Acre.

-- From http://members.tripod.com/leomcdowell/id25.htm "The Lords and The Line", COPYRIGHT 2000 Leo B. McDowell

-------------------------------------------------------

Once upon a time, a member of our family was asked... "Where do the MacDowalls come from?" His quick response was... "We've always been here. The MacDowalls are older than the sun". This explanation of the McDowell origins is reminiscent of that of our Irish cousins, the O'Neills (Ui Niell), of whom it is said "...cannot be traced back to Noah, because The O'Neill' had his own boat". Exaggerations notwithstanding, both families are indeed ancient.

The MacDowall/McDowell family name is from the Gaelic "mhic dhu ghaill". It is derived from the personal name Dougall (or its variants Duegald, Dhugal, Dugall, Douwal, and Dowall) from the Gaelic "dhu ghaill", meaning `dark (or swarthy) stranger'. It was used as a descriptive name for an individual or to refer to the Danes, (as opposed to "fion ghaill" meaning `fair stranger' used to describe Norsemen). Mac, M', Mc, or Mhic, also from Gaelic, mean "son of". The "dhu" is pronounced "khoo" as in "who", sometimes with a very soft "K" sound in front. The "gh" (as in "ghaill", from Gaelic,) is pronounced as a very soft "v" or is silent altogether. The mutation to a "w" was an anglicization introduced under our fifth cousin King Edward I "Longshanks" of England (1272-1307) because of the difficulty incurred by the English in pronouncing the Gaelic version. The "e" (in the "ell" at the end of the name) is the Irish spelling. In present day Scotland, the predominant pronunciation of the name is MACK DOOL. The surname McDowell is the 626th most common surname in the United States, and is most often pronounced MAC DAH-WELL.

The patronymic namesake ancestor of the MacDowalls is thought to have been Duegald de Galloway, who was killed in our family's ancient homeland of Galloway Scotland in 1185. Duegald was a younger son of Uchtred, the 2nd Lord of Galloway and the grandson of Prince Fergus de Galloway, 1st Lord of Galloway and his wife Princess Elizabeth, the natural daughter of King Henry I (Henry Beauclerc) of England (1068-1135) and thereby, the granddaughter of King William I (William the Conqueror) of England (1027-1087) - who descended from the Dukes of Normandy and Rolf the Dane (d. 927). However, the name could be related to a much earlier historical personage by name of Douval (Dowal or Dovallus), who according to historians also lived in Galloway, in southwest Scotland, as early as 232 B.C (but probably a more realistic date for this is around 730 A.D.). Douvall was recorded by Roman historians for the act of having killed the despotic King Northathus. However, the family line itself can be traced at least as far back as about 200 B.C. as descending from Prince Fiacha Firmara of Eire, according to the ancient Irish chroniclers in the Book of Ballymote.

The first recorded written instance of the McDowell-like surname was by one Fergus McDhuile who was a juror at an inquest at Berwick in 1296. Before that, the territorial name de Galloway was used. Additional variations in the spelling of the name include a recording in 1306 by Fergus MacDowile (a witness to a charter by William, Lord of Douglas); a Duncan McDuel in 1307; and in 1312 by Sir Dougal M'Douwille (sheriff of Dumfries and Constable of the Castle) and his brother Fergus M'Douwille; in 1416, by a Gilbert Macduyl; in 1515, by Uhtred Mcduwell; and by another Uhtred McDow-gall in 1617. Successive changes to the name include: In 1547, the name was spelled M'Douell; in 1615 M'dule, and in 1684 spelled McDoul. By the year 1700, it had become McDowell or McDowal in Ulster (Northern Ireland), McDowell in America, and MacDowall, MacDougall, or McDouall in Scotland. Other variations and spellings include McDowyl, McDougal, McDougald, MacDougall, McDugald, Dole, Dow (or Dowl), Doyle, Madole, and McDool (using either the Mc or Mac, or dropping it entirely), in addition to the original Gaelic sounds retained in the names variants of MacCool and MacKown. Also, one branch of the family uses the original territorial designation based on "de Galloway" - Galloway.

One of the things not established is why the change of surname occurred from the territorial designation of de Galloway to the patronymic MacDowall. The latter was apparently adopted by the descendants of Duegald (or Dougal) de Galloway, the younger brother of Roland de Galloway and thereby the uncle to both Alan de Galloway, last Lord of Galloway of that line, and Thomas de Galloway, jure uxoris Earl of Atholl. Perhaps it was because the lordship had passed into the hands of the de Balliol family on the marriage of Alan's ultimate heiress, Devorguilla de Galloway to John de Balliol of Barnard Castle, county Durham and the territorial name was considered to have become inappropriate to earlier stirps (descendant lines). It is probable that from Duegald, if not from Alan's natural son Thomas, the three main families descend. Macdowall of Garthland, the McDoualls of Logan and Freugh, as well as the Macdougalls of Makerston and MacDowalls of Stodrig, not to mention the numerous other cadet branches, all landed, and possibly armigerous, such as the MacDowalls of Machrimore, Knockglass, Dalreagle, Lefnall, Corochtrie, Crookuncrush, Myroch, Mindork, and the McDoualls of Crichton, Ardwell, Culgroat, Hackburn and Stratford Hall. Truly a numerous progeny, some eighteen separate "houses" in all.

While the MacDowalls, MacDoualls and MacDougalls flourished in Galloway as landed families and holders of such important offices as feudal barons, Sheriff Deputes and recipients of knighthoods, the line of Deugald's nephew Alan de Galloway ended without male heir and that of his nephew Thomas, Earl of Atholl, sunk into obscurity in the environs of Cupar-Angus Abbey. Yet, on the face of it the Earl of Atholl's descendants should have been the ones who flourished. By his marriage to Isabella, Countess of Atholl, Thomas de Galloway became jure uxoris one of the Seven Earls of Scotland, one of the Righ, the "kings" who governed Scotland under the Ard-Righ or "high-king" - the King of Scots.

Unfortunately, Thomas had one legitimate son only, Patrick de Galloway, who succeeded his mother as Earl of Atholl, but was killed in 1242 during a feud with his kinsmen the Bissets. He died at age 31, unmarried, without issue and the earldom reverted to the blood relations of his mother. Thus what might have been the most promising of Fergus' line ended abruptly. Meantime, this illegitimate side of the family retained their territorial surname, reasoning possibly, that it was all they had to commemorate their forebears' illustrious past. Some generations later, however, a peerage was conferred on a Cupar-Angus Galloway when Sir James Galloway was created Lord Dunkeld by King Charles I. In its third holder this peerage was attained because that Lord Dunkeld had adhered to the cause of King James II (of England) and VII (of Scotland) and had fought under Dundee at the Battle of Killiecrankie. His line is considered extinct.

Past generations of our forefathers have maintained, in the oral tradition of ancient cultures, the legend that our ancestors the Lords (or Princes) of ancient Galloway were descended from Dovallus (Dowall), a Prince of Galloway who in 230 B.C. killed the tyrant No(r)thatus, King of Scotland, and set up Reutherus in his place. In remembrance of this, in the words of Sir George Mackenzie (ca. 1680), this family used to bear as Arms, "a Lyon collared with an open Crown about his Neck". Mackenzie, who was Lord Advocate to two successive Scottish kings, also noted that this family name "is known to be among the ancientest Sirnames of Scotland" and Dovallus is mentioned as the father of the 14th King of the Scots. The Dovallus of the legend must be the latinized version of our eponym Douall, Dougall or Dubh Gail (the dark stranger) and it undoubtedly refers to a traditional leader of Galloway, or Gail Gaedhil (the Stranger Gaels), in a native, dynastic and governing family. By definition, a legend is a history that is not verifiable, but which unlike a myth, may contain more truth than fiction. The survival, support and independence of that petty sovereignty was maintained under a succession of conquering races, basically through collaboration. This nature of ancient Galloway is well documented. Historians should not be shocked by the old family contention that our name was a Gaelic patronymic applicable to the Lords of ancient Galloway down to Devorguilla (d. 1290) mother of King John I (Balliol) of Scotland. Their Norman, feudal, territorial designation "de Galloway" is all that has survived on record. Nevertheless, Somerled the King of the Isles and his descendants (the Highland MacDougalls and Clan Donald) are accepted as MacGodfreys. Their eponym Godfrey (d. 853) son of Fergus, was ruler of the Western Isles (Innsi Gall) and Lord of Oriel (ie. of the people Airgialla just west of Irish Dal Riata). He went to Scotland to reinforce Kenneth MacAlpin, who married Godfrey's daughter.5 Thomas de Galloway, Earl of Atholl, brother of the last "ancient Lord" Alan, was sometimes cited as Thomas MacUchtry after his grandfather Uchtred, the son of Prince Fergus.3 Is it possible that Douall is an allegory of Gallowegian leadership?

Considering that the Iron Age people invaded Britain ca. 250 B.C., how credible is the year 230 B.C. in the legend? It is not as extreme an invocation as are a number of claimed descents from Adam! But, it is immodest in relation to the apparently authentic pedigree of Somerled (d. 1164) to before the 5th century Dalriadic colonization of Scotland5 . Nevertheless, the first Roman historian was active in 230 B.C. and Celtiberian cultures had reached North America before that, well ahead of the Vikings and Columbus. In fact, Columbus himself traveled to Eire in 1472 to view records of the journey made by St. Brendan the Navigator, before setting sail for the "new world" in 1492.

Author's note: St. Brendan and a group of 14 fellow Irish monks sailed from Eire around 570 A.D. to America via Alban (Scotland), the Shetland-Faroes, Iceland, and Greenland, and remaining in America as long as seven years before returning home to Eire as documented in the Navigatio Brendani. Recent archealogical evidence found in America supports these early chronicles of the St. Brendan expedition. Not the least of this evidence are the Celtic stone structures and the ancient petrogliphs of Celtic Olm (Ogam) or "tree script" found at sites at Tazewell, Virginia and Wyoming County, West Virginia. These sites are scattered from the coastal area of New England (Groton, CT), leading inland and along the ancient Indian "highways" - the ridge roads of the Appalachian mountains. These American sites often display the distinctive "Chi Rho" inscriptions (symbolizing the name of Christ), found at numerous other known St. Brendan-related sites in Eire (Ireland) and Britain.

There is a clue in the last name of the legend - Riata. Fordun lists Rether among early Scottish kings. In his History the venerable St. Bede (a monk, 673-735 A.D.) called the "Father of English History", wrote as translated, "...the Scots migrated from Ireland under their chieftain Reuda and by a combination of force and treaty obtained from the Picts the settlements that they still hold. From the name of this Chieftain they are still known as Dalreudians, for in their tongue dal means: a division." In St. Bede's History this information appears in the context of pre-Julius Caesar Britain (60 B.C.), but in relation to preceding events Bede did state that the Scots "later migrated". It is usually thought that Bede was referring to the establishment of Scottish Dal Riada (ca. 500 A.D.). However, we know exactly that this kingdom was founded by Fergus and his two brothers Loarn and Angus, sons of King Erc of Irish (North Antrim - Ulster) Dal Riada. Erc was descended from the Ulidian royal house through the semi-legendary Conaire Mor, who was a high king of Ireland at the time of Christ, according to the sennachies5 (storytellers - oral historians). The name Reuther (th and d are identical in Gaelic) may be an older eponym of Dal Riada, perhaps a legendary, allegorical name for Dalriadic leadership. This supposition is historically supported a century after Bede's death by an event that would have reinforced our own legend, if it did not in fact initiate it.

After the Romans evacuated Britain, the invading Saxons displaced from Galloway (ca. 552 A.D.) the tribe of Dalriadic Scots (probably of Cowall) and also the Picts who had settled there. These people fled across to the over-kingdom of Ulaid (Ulidia in Ulster) in Ireland, where they were known as Cruithne, pronounced "Creenie" and meaning Picts. Later, in 741 A.D., the Dalriadic Scots of Argyll under Alpin were also driven away by the Northern Picts to Ireland and to Galloway, in which later place Alpin's son Kenneth MacAlpin, who had grown up in Galloway, mustered his kinsmen, Dalriadic levies and some allies and swept back into Dal Riada and the Pictish vacuum. To this end the Cruithne came over from Ireland under their leader named Reuda or Redda, and with a host of Galwegians assisted Kenneth to ascend the Pictish throne as King of Albany. (Alban being the ancient name of Scotland.) Were the Galwegians led by Dovallus? Was Northatus the current Norse or Pictish leader in the North, or an allegory of him?

This event was of legendary significance to Galwegians because Kenneth, the first monarch of a now almost united Scotland, rewarded the people of Galloway with what became a centuries-held right, namely to march in the van (at the front) of Scotland's armies. This privilege was successfully asserted before King David I, who in 1138 gave the men of Galloway, under our de Galloway/MacDowall family, the honor of leading the attack against the English at the Battle of the Standard near Northallerton in Yorkshire, England. In response, the charging Galwegians used the war cry "Albanach! Albanach!". Perhaps this was the origin of the cri-de-guerre "Scotland Forever!", heard on many a foreign field for centuries to come. Lord Kames, the 18th Century Scottish historian, stated that, "In all the great battles the Scots had with the English the Galwegians led the van...they were a race of warriors, had no fear either of hunger or death, and were called the Wild Scots of Galloway". An ancient ballad gives an even more colorful account of their fighting style:

"Tame were the ither Scots to them;

the Southron loons they loved to claw,

So patriots ever will revere

The Wild Scots o'Gallawa."

If this crucial part of Scottish, British and even World history was in fact the basis of our family legend, then the legend's setting was in the middle of the 3rd century before the millennium (around 730 A.D.) rather than 230 B.C. (the middle of the 3rd century before the beginning of the millennium), which is a reasonable slip of the tongue when history is passed by word of mouth. The Dovallus legend makes a long reach back into history, to legendary names in a recurring theme, and thus seems to be a faithful benchmark of the origins or our family in some of the proudest moments Scotland, and certainly Galloway, ever knew. A number of historians have repeated this legend, and some have also ascribed another legend to our name. To quote Nisbet2: "Afterwards, another Dowall, Captain of Galloway, with the Captain of Lorn, went into England against the Romans in support of the Britons, and put a stop to the Roman armies in defence of their country."

There were many occasions when the Romans were balked in their battles with the Brigantes (the indigenous Britons) even after the annexation of the Southern part of Britain to the Roman Empire in 50 A.D. It was not until about 69 A.D., however, that Caledonian Britons first came into contact with the Romans. This happened when Britons from all quarters came in support of the Northern faction of the Brigantes under King Venusius. In the major contest that followed, Venusius at the head of a powerful army fought a series of battles against another ruler of the Brigantes, his former Queen and Roman collaborator Cartismandua, who had the support of the Roman army under the government of Vettius Bolanus. Venusius was victorious and won back sovereignty of the whole nation of the Brigantes. It was only ten years later, however, that Agricola penetrated the North shore of the Solway into Galloway, in his second campaign, where he "surrounded the subjugated tribes with forts and garrisons the remains of which are still seen in Dumfries, Kirkcudbright and Wigtown."10 This completed the Roman assimilation of the great and extensive nation of the Brigantes.

It is therefore fitting to note that Dovallus (Dowal), this legendary eponymic predecessor of our family, was allied to, if not one of, the Britons of the Novantes sept in pre-Galloway; and further, that after the fall of the Roman Empire these people became part of the Strathclyde kingdom of the Britons, which later evolved into the Norse province of Galgeddil (pre-Galloway) and the Scottish sub-kingdom of Cumbria, the last native ruler of which was Owen Galvus `Mac Dowall'.

Author's Note: Portions of the articles "The Legend" and "The Origins of Prince Fergus, Lord of Galloway" are contained herein and were most graciously provided to this author by Dr. Fergus Day Hort Macdowall, Baron of Garthland and Castlesemple, (27th Chief of the Name and Arms) from the limited publication: The MacDowalls of Galloway. A Journal for Historical Research. Vol. I, No. 1, May 1987 and Vol. 1 No. 2, Dec 1987.

Sources:

Agnew, Sir Andrew. A History of the Hereditary Sheriffs of Galloway. 646 pp. Adam & Charles Black, Edinburgh, 1864.

Nisbet, Alexander. Heraldry, Vols. I and II, Edinburgh, 1722.

M'Kerlie, P.H. History of the Lands and their Owners in Galloway, Vol. II 508 pp. Wm. Patterson, Edinburgh, 1877.

M'Kerlie, P.H. History of the Lands and their Owners in Galloway, Vol. I 530 pp. Wm. Patterson, Edinburgh, 1870.

Sellar, W.D.H. The Origins and Ancestry of Somerled (Scottish Historical Review, 45: 123-142), 1966.

Grun, Bernard. The Timetables of History. 676 pp. Simon and Schuster, New York, 1982.

Grun, Bernard. The Timetables of History. 676 pp. Simon and Schuster, New York, 1982.

Fell, Barry. America B.C.: Ancient Settlers in the New World. 312 pp. Quadrangle/The New York Times Book Co., NY, 1976.

Bede. A History of the English Church and People. Tr. by Leo Sherley-Price. 347 pp. Penguin Books. Cox & Wymand Ltd. , London, 1968

McDowell, Wm. History of Dumfries. 916 pp. Adam & Charles Black, Edinburgh, 1867

Skene, Wm. F. The Roman Province in Scotland. Chapt. II In: A History of Ancient Alban. Vol. I. 509 pp. 2nd Ed. David Douglas, Edinburgh 1886.

-- From http://members.tripod.com/leomcdowell/id18.htm "Mhic Dhu Ghaill ...the dark stranger", COPYRIGHT 2000 Leo B. McDowell

Children of unknown and de Galloway, Dowal

i. Mac Dowal, Dougal [7471104]. He was born before 1185-00-00 in Scotland. He died in Scotland.

Generation 25

142.     de Galloway, Uchtred, 2nd Lord of Galloway. Uchtred was born about 1124-00-00 in Scotland. He died on 1174-09-22 in Loch Fergus, Galloway, Scotland at the age of 50 years. Uchtred was the son of de Galloway, Fergus , King, 1st Lord of Galloway and Beauclerc, Elizabeth , Princess of England. He married de Dunbar, Gunnild about 1141-00-00 in Dunbar, East Lothian, Scotland19.

Notes for de Galloway, Uchtred , 2nd Lord of Galloway

Uchtred

Fergus was succeeded by Uchtred, who took up his residence at Fergus Castle. Like his father, Uchtred was of a strong religious turn of mind. He followed the footsteps of his father by giving generous grants of land to the Church. To Holyrood Abbey he gave the churches of St. Cuthbert of Denesmore (Kirkcudbright), St. Bridget of Blackhet (Tongland); Twenhame (Twynholm); Keletun, alias Lochletun, now Kelton, and Kirkecormac, along with the chapel of Balnacross. The last four belonged to the old Celtic religious faith, viz., the Monks of Iona. Again this shows that neither Fergus nor his family were native Gallovidians, because their religious faith was antagonistic to that of the natives. He also founded the St. Benedict Convent of Cluden, and granted to it the lands of Crossmichael and Drumsleet, in the parish of Troqueer. To the monks of Holm Cultran, in Cumberland, he also granted the extensive tract of land known as the Grange of Kirkwinning (Kirkgunzeon). In addition to those in Galloway, he also granted Colmonell, in Carrick, to Holyrood Abbey. It is no wonder then that this opulent family received such assistance from the church. Uchtred married Gurnelda, a daughter of Waldave, son of the Earl of Gospatrick, and with her he received the lands of Torpenhow, in Wigtownshire, as a dowry.

Only three years after the succession of Uchtred, Galloway was once more in arms. Malcolm, King of Scotland, died in 1165, and his brother William, better known as "William the Lion,'' succeeded to the throne. One of his first acts was to demand the restitution of the southern part of Scotland, which had been so unwisely granted to the King of England. Under Uchtred the "Wild Scots of Galloway" rose to a man in favour of William, and marched into England. By a series of forced marches, however, the English, with only a small company of 400 horsemen, surprised the Scottish army, and captured the Scottish King. The moment the Gallovidians saw that their King was a prisoner they threw off their allegiance, and returned in confusion to their homes in Galloway. It is said or thought that Gilbert and Uchtred quarrelled at that engagement over the succession to the Lordship of Galloway. Hence the confusion. It is also asserted that Gilbert accused Uchtred of treachery at the battle. At anyrate Uchtred had to fly home to Fergus Castle for protection. An internecine rebellion in Galloway was the result. Under Gilbert the natives murdered all the Saxon and Norman subjects in Galloway they could lay hands on. Not only that, but they became treacherous towards each other, and began to fight amongst themselves for the spoils. On the 22nd September, 1174, while Uchtred was in his Castle of Fergus at Lochfergus, Gilbert surprised him, and deprived him of his tongue, eyes, and otherwise mutilated him in the most revolting manner, thereby causing his death.

Gilbert

Gilbert, realising the enormity of his crimes, tried in the most cowardly manner to obtain the protection of the English King, and thus secure himself against the vengeance of the Scottish Government. On behalf of himself and Uchtred (who was dead) he offered to do homage to Henry II, and pay a yearly tribute of 2000 merks of silver, 500 cows, and 500 swine. The English King accordingly sent Roger Hoveden and Robert de Val to Galloway to accept the homage of the two brothers, and to assure them of his protection. When they arrived, of course, they found that Gilbert had not only murdered his brother, but also had put a great number of Norman subjects to death, therefore they refused to have any dealings with him. William the Lion was ultimately restored to liberty as a vassal of King Henry II. Accordingly he marched into Galloway to punish Gilbert for his crimes. The warlike prowess of "The Wild Scots of Galloway,'' however, was too much for him, and he had to content himself with the proffered submission of Gilbert and his rebellious subjects. Gilbert therefore did homage to the English King, and paid him 1000 of an indemnity, forbye giving his son Duncan as a hostage to the English King. Gilbert, however, was of too turbulent a disposition to remain long in peace. In 1184 he once more rose in rebellion against the King, but was arrested by Henry Kennedy, the forerunner of the noble name in Ayrshire. Terms were again proposed, but Gilbert's ambition was insatiable, and he refused them, so long as they did not recognise the independence of Galloway. Death, however, put an end to his guilty career in 1185.

Roland

He was succeeded by Roland, the son of the murdered Uchtred. Roland at once proceeded to regain his father's possessions, and restore his own authority in Galloway. From the "Chronicle of Melrose" we learn that on the 4th of July, 1175, he met and defeated the supporters of the late Gilbert in a battle in Galwela. We cannot trace where this fight took place, but it was a sanguinary battle, and many were slain. Roland proved victorious, and slew Gilpatrick, the commander, and in order to strengthen his position in Galloway Roland built a great many fortresses and castles in Galloway. At this time, no doubt, Buittle, the old Castle of Kenmure, Kirkcudbright, and others were built. He also fought another battle with Gillecolum, or Gilcolm, in which the latter was slain, but Roland lost a brother. Gillecolum was a notorious freebooter, who had not only terrorised Galloway but had carried his depredations as far as the Lothians. Several authorities assert that he was a Gallovidian. The Scottish King was greatly impressed with Roland's bravery, but it was otherwise with the English King, who was not only jealous but afraid of this famous fighting Gallovidian. However, on the death of Henry II., Richard I., King of England, agreed for a stipulated sum to restore to Scotland its independence. Thus was peace completely restored in Scotland once more, except in the North, where Donald Bane preferred a claim to the Crown. Roland joined William in an armed expedition composed of Galloway men against Donald Bane. The Royal Army met the insurgents near Inverness, where a fierce battle was fought, and Donald Bane was defeated and killed. Roland died at Northampton on the 19th December, 1200, and was buried in St. Andrew's Church there. He was not only a brave soldier, but a wise statesman, and at his death Galloway enjoyed peace, freedom, and prosperity. He was also a strong supporter of the Church. In 1190 he founded a monastery at Glenluce for Cistercian Monks, and also granted to the Monks of Kelso some salt-works in Galloway. He was very wealthy through his wife succeeding to the estates of her father, Richard de Morville, Lord of Cunninghame.

Alan

Roland's eldest son, Alan, succeeded him as Lord of Galloway, and Constable of Scotland. Alan also took up his residence at Fergus Castle, Lochfergus, and became one of the greatest nobles of that age. So far as can be ascertained he was thrice married. The name of the first wife cannot be traced, but the second was Margaret, the eldest daughter of David, Earl of Huntingdon, and the third was a daughter of Hugh de Lacy. According to Wyntoun:-

"This erle Dawy had dochters three,

Margret the first of these cald be,

This Margret was a pleasand May,

Hyr weddit Alayne off Gallway. "

In 1211 he assisted King John of England with men and arms to invade Ireland. For this he received, as a reward, a grant of the Island of Ruchil or Ruglin, and other lands (Antrim) belonging to that country. He was also one of the Barons who assisted in obtaining from King John the famous Magna Charta for England, and also one of the Barons to whom it was addressed, It is on record that a few weeks before Magna Charta was signed a curious interchange of presents was made between him and King John. It seems Alan had sent the King a present of a very fine hound, and in return he received two geese to grace Lochfergus. However, King John soon began to rue the fit of generosity, and the great liberties and privileges which he had signed away, and so threatened those Barons, who had prevailed upon him to do so, with condign punishment. Alan, therefore, had to fly for protection to the Scottish King, and was received into favour. He was appointed High Constable and Chancellor of the Kingdom, and thus became the most powerful noble in Scotland. The political wheel of fortune must have been very erratic in those days. In 1212 Alan was at Durham when the Scottish King did homage to the English King, and he afterwards accompanied the Scottish King to Norham, where, in presence of the Ministers of both Sovereigns, his seal, as High Constable, was attached to deeds professing to secure peace and love between England and Scotland for ever. Again, to shew the vast power wielded by Alan, we quote from a letter as follows :-" The King to his faithful cousin, Alan de Galweia, and requests him for the great business regarding which he lately asked him, and, as he loves him, to send 1000 of his best and most active Galwegians, so as to be at Chester on Sunday next, after the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin, Alan to place over them a constable, who knows how to keep peace in the King's army, and to harass the enemy. The King will provide their pay." In confirmation of this letter, the following entries appear in the Kalendars, Record Office :- "8 July, 1212, 55s allowed for expenses of twenty horsemen sent from Galloway." " 15 July, Ralf de Cambray going to Alan of Galloway with a letter." Alan not only found the men, but their services were so efficient that, in addition to the stipulated pay, he also received a gift of 500 merks to pay his squires who had come with him to the King's service in the army in Wales. Thus we see that all through history Galloway men have been renowned as splendid fighters, and ever in the front when fierce engagements were anticipated.

Alan seems not only to have had the command of men, but also the ships, because he made a raid on the Isle of Man, the Hebrides, and Ireland, despoiling the country and carrying off much booty. Olave, the King of Man, was unable to withstand his attacks, so he appealed to the King of Norway for assistance, stating at the same time that Alan had despoiled churches, butchered the inhabitants, and reduced the whole country to a state of desolation. Alan even threatened to invade Norway. The King of Norway, therefore, provided Olave with a fleet of ships and men. This powerful fleet swept round the north of Scotland, and down through the western isles, plundered Cantire, and laid the Island of Bute under tribute. Olave then resolved to proceed to the Isle of Man, but learning that Alan was lying in wait for him behind the Mull of Galloway prudently fell back on Cantire. In 1215 Alan not only held up an English ship at Kirkcudbright, but he actually despatched it to Dublin to bring some merchandise for himself. And to show the hold which Alan must have had over the English King, even when he was in the field against him, the King signed a mandate as follows :- " The King commands the Archbishop of Dublin, Justicier of Ireland, to allow the men of Alan of Galloway to come to Dublin, and to return with the merchantship that Alan took at Kirkcudbright, and allow Alan to have his merchandise in the said ship till the owner of the vessel shall come over to speak to the King."

In 1216 Alan, along with his "Wild Scots of Galloway," joined Alexander in an invasion of England, and marched into the western counties. There they sacrilegiously burned the Abbey of Holmcultran, despoiled the country, and took many of the inhabitants prisoners. Disaster, however, overtook them in their depredations, for nearly 2000 of their number were drowned by the overflowing of the river Eden. Either their excesses or an insurrection must have disgusted the King, for the Gallovidians were dismissed from the army in disgrace. In view of this behaviour, it appears that the natives of Galloway were still uncultured and savage in their nature. About this time we learn from the "Chronicle of Melrose" that a most remarkable aurora borealis appeared in Galloway, a phenomenon, which, in those unlearned times, was always looked upon as an evil omen.

"Fearful lights that never beacon,

Save when kings and heroes die. "

Death of Alan

Alan died in 1234, and was buried in the Abbey of Dundrennan. The tomb is in the north transept in a niche cut out of the wall, formed by a Norman arch, with a single round filleted moulding. The effigy, usually called the "Belted Knight," is practically demolished, but the remains show chain armour at the neck, the armpits, and knees, and on the head. A belt, buckled in front, encircles the waist, and another passes over the right shoulder, and the right hand seems to have been clasping a sword. His lady is said to have been buried on the west side, also in a niche. Alan was a wise and patriotic ruler and a brave soldier. He had a most unruly and rude lot of vassals to deal with, but nevertheless he spent much of his time and energies in reforming the laws and advancing religion. Chalmers says he was one of the greatest nobles of his age, and Buchanan says that he was by far the most powerful of Scotsmen of the period. Mackenzie, in his history, says :- "His bounties to Monasteries were very considerable, for he either granted or confirmed many charters, and relieved Galloway from the Monks of Kelso." Alan was long distinguished by the epithet of "The Great." He was the last in the male line of the Lords of Galloway. Thus, it will be seen that this line of the Lords of Galloway barely lasted a century. During their regime, however, Galloway had undergone many changes. Monasteries had been built, abbeys founded, and churches erected, and although the people were in a state of semi-civilisation it was due more to their unsettled and war-like propensities and their intense love of freedom.

Demolition of the Castle

For the next two hundred years history is silent regarding the castle or palace at Lochfergus. Whether it was inhabited or not we cannot tell. It may have been rendered uninhabitable during the wars of the Bruce. In 1471, however, the lands of Lochfergus passed by charter into the hands of the Maclellans of Bombie, and from Pitcairn's criminal trials we learn that it was burned to the ground by "Thomas Huthinson and Carnyis in ye Copsewood in 1499." The ruined walls remained standing till about the year 1570, when they were demolished by Maclellan in order to get stones for his Castle of Kirkcudbright.

-- From http://members.tripod.com/leomcdowell/id45.htm "Lochfergus", COPYRIGHT 2000 Leo B. McDowell

143.     de Dunbar, Gunnild. Gunnild was born about 1134-00-00 in Allerdale, Dunbar, East Lothian, Scotland. She married de Galloway, Uchtred , 2nd Lord of Galloway about 1141-00-00 in Dunbar, East Lothian, Scotland19.

Notes for de Dunbar, Gunnild

Daughter of Waltheof of Allerdale and Dunbar

Children of de Dunbar, Gunnild and de Galloway, Uchtred , 2nd Lord of Galloway

i. de Galloway, Roland.

ii. de Galloway, Fergus.

iii. de Galloway, Dowal [14942208]. He was born in Scotland. He died in 1185-00-00 in Galloway, Scotland.

More about de Dunbar, Gunnild and de Galloway, Uchtred , 2nd Lord of Galloway:

Marriage: about 1141-00-00, Dunbar, East Lothian, Scotland19.

Generation 26

144.     de Galloway, Fergus, King, 1st Lord of Galloway. Fergus was born in 1096-00-00 in Carrick, Ayrshire, Scotland. He died in 1161-00-00 in Abbey of Holyrood, Edinburgh, Scotland at the age of 65 years. He was buried in Abbey of Holyrood, Edinburgh, Scotland. He married Beauclerc, Elizabeth , Princess of England in 1124-00-00 in Carrick, Ayrshire, Scotland19.

Notes for de Galloway, Fergus , King, 1st Lord of Galloway

The Lords of Galloway

Prince Fergus de Galloway (born 1096) was a contemporary and close relative of King Somerled [King of the Isles and Man], both being direct descendants through Godfraidh (Godfrey) mac Fergus, Lord of the Isles who died in 853 A.D. Some other sources list Prince Fergus as a son of Olave the Red, King of Man and father-in-law of King Somerled, making Fergus not only Somerled's cousin through his grandfather Gilledomnan "Gilli" ) but also his brother-in-law through Somerled's wife Ragnhildis, the daughter of King Olave the Red. The MacDowalls of Galloway are the senior descendants in the male line of the princely house of Fergus, first of the ancient Lords of Galloway and the Rulers of Cumbria who maintained native leadership adopting Normanization under King David I of Scotland (1124-1153). Today the family is known as the MacDowalls. The Chief of the MacDowalls of Garthland (senior stirp) holds the title as Baron of Garthland and Castlesemple.

Galloway is an ancient division of the southwestern corner of Scotland. Galloway was to the Gaelic speaker, the land of the "Gall" (stranger), where the old Pictish language was spoken. The name Galloway persisted as the Gaelic people came across from Ireland displacing the earlier inhabitants, mostly local tribes, Anglo-Saxon invaders and Norse settlers. The Rinns of Galloway and the coast of Northern Ireland are only 18 miles apart. The two areas shared a mutual language and celtic culture for centuries. Galloway still remains a pastoral land, lonely and uncultivated in many areas. Gallowegians or (Gallovidans) have always considered themselves a race apart and are fiercely independent to this day. They are the legendary "Wild Scots" of Galloway and are known in history as being fierce warriors.

-- From http://members.tripod.com/leomcdowell/id39.htm "Eire, the Isles, Alba and Galloway", COPYRIGHT 2000 Leo B. McDowell

---------------------------------------------

King of Gall-Ghaidhil (Galloway)

King Fergus, 1st Lord of Galloway, married Princess Elizabeth of England (b. 1095 at Talby, Yorkshire, England; d. Bef. May 12, 1161 in Scotland) in 1124 in Carrick, Ayrshire, Scotland. Elizabeth was the daughter of King Henry I (Beauclerc) of England, and granddaughter of King William I (The Conqueror).

Origins of Prince Fergus

By Dr. Fergus Day Hort Macdowall of Garthland

From the establishment of the nation of Scotland by King Kenneth I (MacAlpin) with the help of Galloway in 843 until 1096 when our first recognized ancestor Fergus of Galloway was born, clear conclusions are "practically impossible" about the history of Galloway and its engulfing Strathclyde and Western Isles. the time was characterized by Gaelic (Irish) settlement but Viking rule in greater pre-Galloway, the bounds of which sometimes extended over the Western half of the Lowlands of modern Scotland. As Pictavia (Cruithintuath) then Albania and later Scotia, early Scotland initially contained neither the Lowlands nor the Northern Islands (the Orkneys and Shetlands, with Caithness and Sutherland) nor the Western Isles ("Sudreys" in Norse or "Innse Gall" in Gaelic). These islands and proximal mainland were dominated by the Norse (Norwegian "Finn gall" or white strangers) cadre of Vikings. The ruling Viking Northmen in Galloway, however, were alternately Norse, Danes, and Norse. Under them Galloway "was a power with which the kingdom founded by Kenneth, and the kingdom of the Northern English, always had to reckon". An influx of Irish under Rueda (Riata) had returned with Scots of Galloway in support of Kenneth's northward war of succession. These Cruithne (pronounced Creenie), which means Pict but here refers to old Ulster Irish of the same stock (perhaps driven across by the Romans), continued to populate Galloway. They were "fierce, ignorant and barbarically wild with a jurisprudence of ancient custom exercised locally by the hereditary Brehon (judge) on what later became baronial Mote-hills. The Irish and Scots law of tanistry called for the best qualified successor in the Chiefly family, and Brehon law required male ownership of and succession to land. The politics as in Ireland were tribal. Each tribe or "tuath" in Ireland or "cenel" (Cinel) among Scots was governed by an ordained, semi-sacred "king" chosen from the patriarchal family of the cenel, and this was not disrupted by invasion or conquest by outsiders. One of the several kings in a region was the "ruiri" or overking; and within a province such as Galloway these were subject to a sovereign called an "ollam ri" which made Galwegians compatible with overlordship by the Norse, Danes, and others. The arrangement still allowed the Scottish monarchy to occasionally assume a fourth tier of government corresponding to a "high king" in Ireland.

Initially, the alliance of the Norse with Kenneth I was evident among the honors given to Galloway for its assistance in the recovery of Scottish Dalriada and the crown of Pictavia from the Picts. Kenneth macAlpin gave his daughter, "a Galloway lass both by birth and kindred", to Olaf (Olave) a Norse chief of Galloway, who not long after was seated on the throne of Dublin by the assistance of the Galwegians. Olaf later captured Dumbarton in his unsuccessful claim to the Scottish throne when Kenneth died in 860.

The Danes invaded Galloway and Strathclyde to its North and East from Dublin in 870 and from Northumberland in 875. As a result of pressures by Danes, Saxons and Scots, a mass exodus to Wales was made by many of the Britons of the kingdom of Strathclyde which had included Galloway from the 6th century but was still separate from Cumberland South of the Solway. Further colonization of Galloway by Cruithne and Scots from the West probably succeeded these Cymric (Welsh) Celts. Another major event occurred in 937 when Aethelstan king of Saxons defeated a combined army of Danes, Scots under Constantin, Britons and Galwegians at Brunanburh in Dumfriesshire to reclaim Northumberland and Cumberland. In 975, however, Kenneth III of Alban (971-995) conquered and terminated the kingdom of Strathclyde under King Dunwallon (d. 974) and became nominal sovereign (high king) of Galloway as well. The possibility that Galloway had a separate king "Jacobus" in 973 was refuted by M'Kerlie, but the Danes were still there.

Occupation of all or part of Galloway and also the Western Isles by the Danes of Dublin ended in 989 with the death of Godred king of Man. He was Gofraigh macArailt, the Danish king of Innse Gall in Dalriata according to the Ulster Annals or in the "Dali" of the Nials Saga. The Norse Earl Sigurd II then asserted dominion over the Western Isles together with the entire Western half of Scotland. Danes who had been displaced from Northumbria westward as far as Galloway by the temporarily revived Angles and Saxons attempted to recoup under their king, Earl (or "Duke" in British accounts) Ronald the Dane of Galloway. He and his brother Sihtic retook Northumbria, but they unsuccessfully opposed Constantine III (995-997) who again nominally incorporated Galloway into Albany.

Malcolm II (1005-1034) consolidated the kingdom of Scotia which was a third of modern Scotland, the Southeastern Highlands from the Forth to the Tay. He avoided conflict with the powerful Sigurd who held increasing sway over Galloway. In the Eastern Lowlands Malcolm acquired Lothian (Loadonea) by defeating the Northumbrians at the battle of Carharn in 1018. Malcolm did this with the assistance of Owen Galvus the last sub-king of Cumbria, who was also known as Eugenious or Eogan the Bald and died in the battle or shortly after it. "There is a considerable probability that Owen Galvus son of Domnall of Malcolm's royal house was descended from Strathclyde's king Dunwallon (the British form of the Irish Dovenal, Donal or Dowall) and the epithet Galvus may be considered as establishing a kind of connection with Galloway". From the Scotian view Cumbria included the ancient Strathclyde which had apparently lapsed to Sigurd's control as an extended Galloway.

Sigurd (II, "The Stout", Earl of Orkney) was allied to Scotland by marriage in 1008 to Bethoc, a daughter of Malcolm II and his Irish wife, by whom Sigurd's son Thorfinn "The Skullsplitter" was born in 1008. Sigurd was overlord of Galloway which was governed for him by Jarl Melkoff (Earl Malcolm, a Gaelic overking) probably from Cruggleton Castle near Whithorn in Wigtownshire. Sigurd was killed in 1014 when the Norse and Danes lost their final battle against the Gaels for the domination of Ireland, at Clontarf near Dublin. Thorfinn continued development under the protection of his Gaelic uncle Earl Gilli, a native king of Innse Gall who married Sigurd's sister Svanlang and served as Sigurd's lieutenant for the Isles. Thorfinn became the most powerful of Norsemen. He received the earldom of Caithness and Sutherland from his grandfather King Malcolm, succeeded to the Orkneys from his brothers and forcibly acquired Galloway when Malcolm died in 1034. He used it as his headquarters for summer offences (offensives). Apparently Suibne MacKenneth for a time ruled the Isles, probably after Earl Gilli, and also Galloway until killed when Thorfinn conquered Galloway and made his cousin Earl MacGill (son of Gilli) his lieutenant there. Thorfinn defeated Malcolm's other grandson and successor King Duncan and divided Scotland with MacBeth, Ri or Mormaer of Moray, after the latter slew Duncan to become King of Scotia (1040-1057). As a result Thorfinn possessed 9 earldoms in Scotland, the whole of the Sudreys and a large riki in Ireland. His wife was Ingibiorg, born 1015, a daughter of Finn Arnason king of Norway.

Following the efforts of Danish Earl Siward of Northumbria against MacBeth in 1054, which reclaimed Cumbria and Lothian for Duncan's son Malcolm, and also after the release by Thorfinn's death of his provinces to native rule, Malcolm III "Canmore" regained the crown of Scotland from MacBeth in 1057. He married Thorfinn's widow to conciliate the Norwegian element in the country and to attract Sigurd's territorially born hereditary chiefs. Two years after the conquest of England in 1066 by William Duke of Normandy (William the Conqueror), Malcolm (III "Canmore") married Princess Margaret sister of Edgar (the) Aetheling the refugee Saxon crown prince of England. Paradoxically, Queen Margaret introduced Norman culture with the Church of Rome into Scotland. This led to the widespread development of Norman baronage in support of the reigns of her three sons Edgar, Alexander I and David I. Norse sovereignty in Galloway, however, was still exercised and based at Dublin until Norse Godred Crovan King of Man subjected both Dublin and Galloway to his rule. He also fended off King Malcolm of Scotland. Diarmid king of Danes and Innse Gall then took over Galloway as king of "Britons" until slain by the Irish in 1072. After this an Irish Donald ruled Galloway until the year Malcolm III died (1093) when King Magnus Bareleg of Norway took possession. Magnus was killed in Ireland in 1103 when King Edgar of Scotland was 31 years old. Prince David as English Earl of Cumbria was 19 and our forebear Fergus was 7 based on his age of 42 in 1138.

On his death bed four years later Edgar left Scotland-proper to his brother Alexander I (1107-1124) and bequeathed the sovereignty of districts South of the Firths, including Lothian, Cumbria and Galloway, to David as Earl. Since the death of Owen Galvus, the Crown Prince of Scotland (now David) was sub-regulus of Cumbria which surrounded the landward side of Galloway, but greater Galloway spread into it. Cumbria South of the Solway had been annexed as Cumberland in 1092 by King William Rufus of England, and David needed the same Norman arms to control the wild Norse-Irish-Scottish-British country form the Solway to the Clyde. He maintained his court at Carlisle and surrounded himself with a retinue of Norman baronial comrades with whom he had been schooled in the courts of William Rufus and Henry I (Beauclerc). He progressively feudalized Cumbria and Galloway, and in the latter he made use of its native laws and similarly normanized native leader, Fergus.

The most likely advent of Fergus is that he was judiciously selected by David, perhaps initiated by Edgar and confirmed by Henry I, for training in the Norman courts at London and Carlisle as the potential solution for the peaceful control of Galloway. The English court had proved a valuable school for David and his brothers, and even for Malcolm III, and it was considered a training ground for future kings and governors. "Undergoing the same process was another young man, destined to be the first of a famous line of Lords of Galloway - Fergus". His similar role and status was made evident by his marriage, like that of Alexander I or Scotland, to a natural daughter of Henry I of England. According to his ardent following and the law of Galloway which he maintained, Fergus would have had to have been the tanistry-elected candidate of the old native governing families of Galloway territorially born to rule over the predominantly Irish-Scots population. Strathclyde connections would bridge the time of Norse alienation of Galloway from the crown, and blood ties to the Norse or to past Danish overlords were desirable for their peoples' acquiescence.

This is partly confirmed by Dominica Legge's interpretation of the Arthurian romance "Roman de Fergus", written by Guillaume le Clerc in Old French ca. 1200, probably in honor of the wedding of Fergus' great-grandson Alan Lord of Galloway. Fergus' father is said to have been a Viking (Soumilloit in French, or Somerled in Norse). Legge suggested that he was Sumarlidi Hauldr who was killed by Sweyn in 1156. Unless that date is wrong this identification is not likely, considering that Fergus would have been 60 years old at that time. This Sumarlidi would be little chronological improvement over Somerled king of the Isles and Argyll who was killed at Renfrew in 1164. The latter married a natural daughter of Olaf king of Man who was in turn Fergus' son-in-law. Crawford supposed that Earl Malcolm of Galloway under Sigurd II was an ancestor of Fergus. McGill ventured that Fergus inherited the lordship of Galloway by descent from the first son of Thorfinn's Earl MacGill of Galloway, and that Fergus' contemporary Somerled of Innse Gall and Argyll was also descended from MacGill's father Earl Gilli. The latter was not among Somerleds' known paternal ancestors but could have been an ordained member of the same Cinel. Some descendants of Gilli lived in Cumbria just before David's earlship. (Nigel) Tranter thoughtfully constructed the name "Fergus macSuibhne macMalcolm macGilliciaran of Carrich" and suggested that Fergus was elevated by David following their alliance to expel Hakon Claw of the Orkneys from Galloway. (P.H.) M'Kerlie was of divided opinion, for he said of Fergus, "There is every presumption that he was of Celtic origin, and held the lands of Galloway on the Celtic principle", yet he also said that Fergus was a "stranger" or "foreigner" and "of Norse origin", especially advanced and imposed on Galloway by David as Prince of Cumbria. M'Kerlie further stated, "it is just possible that Fergus, Lord of Galloway, of whose ancestry nothing otherwise is known, may have been a descendant of Earl Gilli, for the Norse element must have been strong in Galloway".

M'Kerlie again contradicted himself by saying that because Fergus brought monks from England and abroad rather than from the Irish church to occupy his new religious houses, "He was clearly of the Norman Race". (James) Affleck subscribed to this view by writing, "It is quite evident from the career and actions of Fergus that he was not a Gallovidian by birth, but one of the many Norman favourites by whom David was surrounded." The replacement of the Celtic Church by that of Rome was, however, part of the policy of Norman feudalization of King David who also behaved as a Norman without being one. David as Earl of Galloway imposed these conditions on Galloway as he did on the rest of Scotland after he became king. Even Somerled founded Saddel-Abbey for Cistercian monks. Fergus' name was of course Gaelic and he gave his sons Saxon names. (Wentworth) Huyshe referred to Fergus as "probably of Norse-Galwegian descent", (Sir Hubert) Maxwell mentioned "Fergus, of the line of Galloway princes or native rulers", and (John F.) Robertson recently stated, "Fergus had no Norman blood in him. He was of Galloway stock, his ancestors having been some of the Norse-Galwegian overlords of the province."

It is clear that King David I of Scotland and King Henry I of England recognized the native descent of Fergus Lord of Galloway whom the monks of Holyrood Abbey called Prince Fergus. This is proclaimed by his Arms which were presumably claimed by him and granted by King David, a blue field charged with a white (silver) lion rampant later crowned by King Henry. This proves Fergus' paternal descent from the Cinel Comgall in Cowal and its islands, one of the four principal families of British Dal Riata and the one to which King Kenneth macAlpin belonged. No Norse parentage was represented in Fergus' Arms; unlike the combination of the same lion and field with the Hebridean royal galley (lymphad) in the Arms of his contemporary Somerled king of the Sudreys under Norway and sub-king of Argyll under Scotland. The Oriel-Innse Gall heritage of Somerled is known to have had an old Dalriadic connection, and his famous progenitor Godrey son of Fergus, Lords of Oriel and the Isles, brought over from Ireland the Airgialla in support of his son-in- law Kenneth macAlpin.

In "Roman de Fergus" Fergus' mother is only described as "a very noble wife" whom Legge suggested "may have been of the old royal line of Argyll", to give him a Scots connection with his supposed Viking father. The remaining requirements for unity and peace in Galloway would be met, however, if Fergus' mother were an heiress of the native leaders of greater Galloway including old Strathclyde then within Cumbria under David. In this region the last of this line of provincial kings was Owen Galvus 'MacDowal' descended from the same royal house as Malcolm Canmore who was in turn the last king of Scotia in direct descent in the male line from the founder of the Scottish dynasty Kenneth macAlpin. As Owen's great-grandson (chronologically) Fergus would have been allied to David by kinship as he was later to both Henry I and to David again by marriage. This idea may be treated as a working hypothesis, but it is pertinent to note that Owen's Dunwallon line had our Gaelic family name. The Cumbrian origin of our eponym was also indicated by suppositions that Dunegal of Stranith, Chief of Nithsdale with the castles of Morton and Dumfries in the time of David I, was one of the Dougalls or M'Dowalls of Galloway. His grandson Dovenald was one of the Galwegian leaders who substituted for Fergus at the battle of the Standard, which was indicative of an alternative tannistic choice within the same governing Cinel. This border region would give some credence to the statement that Fergus was also of Saxon descent.

Family claims that the ancient lords of Galloway were MacDowalls were often supported by historians from the mid-16th century (Leland, Dugdale), through (Alexander) Nisbet's statement of 1742, "The old Lords of Galloway were of this name (McDowall)", to the present when Kevan McDowall cited, "Fergus Mac dubh Ghael (MacDouall) - Fergus of the clan of Black Gaels -. M'Kerlie also stated, "We have generally found some basis for nearly every Galloway tradition", yet he considered this one erroneous because Fergus and his successors are only known to have used their Galwegian territorial appellation such as "de Gallouyia." Sir Herbert Maxwell said, however, "Fergus and his descendants may have been of the sept of clan MacDouall, and yet, from their conspicuous position, have never found it necessary to use the name as a distinction." After the division of old Galloway into Carrick and Galloway between Fergus' grandsons, the stirps of Fergus' son Uchtred in Galloway and designated MacUchtraig in the Annals of Ulster. This would not abrogate another Irish patronymic, or matronymic, for Fergus evidence of which is now lacking. Fergus may have had connections with the Dubh Gall race of Vikings in the West on his father's side, but there is a fair chance that he represented the clan of Dowall in the East at least through his mother. This Dovenal line of Owen Galvus cants back to our ancient family legend about Dovallus of Galloway who was allied to the Scoto-Irish long ago. The connection with the sub-kingdom of Cumbria could have been responsible for the gorging of the Dalriadic lyon with a crown, an oft-cited and matriculated family tradition, before the lion was capped with a crown. Fergus, which in Gaelic means "the chosen man", was in fact the allegorical Dovallus or leader of Galloway in his own time.

Prince Fergus de Galloway was born about 1090 in Carrick, Ayrshire, Scotland. He died in 1161 at the Abbey of Holyrood, Edinburgh, Scotland and is buried there. His wife Princess Elizabeth was born about 1095 in Talby, Yorkshire, England, the daughter of King Henry I of England and Sibyl Adela Lucy Corbet of France.

References

The following Histories in turn cite original sources:

Affleck, James. Loch Fergus. The Transactions and Journal of Proceedings of the Dumfriesshire and Galloway Natural History and Antiquarian Society. N.S. XXI: 182-194. 1910.

Anderson, Alan Orr. Early Sources of Scottish History. Vol. II. 750 pp. Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh. 1922.

Anderson, Marjorie O. Kings & Kingship in Early Scotland. 310 pp. Scottish Academic Press. Edinburgh. 1980.

Balfour Paul, Sir James. The Scots Peerage. Vol. IV. David Douglas, Edinburgh. 1907.

Crawfurd, George. Macdowall of Garthland. MSS. 167 pp. 1727.

Huyshe, Wentworth. Grey Galloway. Its Lords and its Saints. 150 pp. David Douglas, Edinburgh. 1914.

Legge, M. Dominica. Some notes on the Roman de Fergus. Dumfries and Galloway Transactions. XXVII: No. 1, Article 6. 163-172. 1948-1949.

Legge, M. Dominica. The father of Fergus of Galloway. Scottish Historical Review. 43: 86-87. 1664.

Macdowall, F.D.H. The MacDowalls of Galloway - the legend. The MacDowalls of Galloway. I (No. 1): 8-10. 1985.

Macdowall, F.D.H. Heraldry. The MacDowalls of Galloway. I (No. 1): 13. 1985.

Mackenzie, Rev. Wm. The History of Galloway. Vol. I. 544 pp. John Nicholson, Kirkcudbright. 1841.

Mackenzie, Sir George of Rosehaugh. The Science of Herauldry. 98 pp. Heir of Andrew Anderson, Edinburgh. 168.

Maxwell, Sir Herbert. A History of Dumfries and Galloway. 411 pp. W. Blackwood and Sons, Edinburgh. 1896.

McDowall, J. Kevan. Carrick Gallovidian. H. McCririck, Publ., Ayr. 1947.

McDowall, William. History of Dumfries. 916 pp. Adam & Charles Black, Edinburgh. 1867.

McGill, J.M. A genealogical survey of the ancient lords of Galloway. Scottish Genealogist. Vol. II, No. 2: 3-6.

M'Kerlie, P.H. History of the Lands and their Owners in Galloway. Vol. I, 53 pp., 1870; Vol. II, 508 pp., 1877; Vol. V, 457 pp., 1879.

William Patterson, Edinburgh.

Nisbet, Alexander. A System of Heraldry. Vol. I. 440 pp. New Edn. William Blackwood, Edinburgh. 1816.

Reid, R.C. Introduction. Wigtownshire Charters. R.C. Reid, Ed. Scottish Historical Society. 1960.

Robertson, John F. The Story of Galloway. 210 pp. J.H. Maxwell Ltd., Castle-Douglas. 1963.

Sellar, W.D.H. The origins and ancestry of Somerled. Scottish Historical Review. 45: 123-142. 1966.

Skene, Wm. F. Celtic Scotland: A History of Ancient Alban. Vol. I. 509 pp. 2nd Edn. David Douglas, Edinburgh. 1886.

Tranter, Nigel. David the Prince. 367 pp. (Coronet Books) Hodder and Stoughton Ltd., London. 1980.

-- From http://members.tripod.com/leomcdowell/id23.htm "Origins of Prince Fergus", COPYRIGHT 2000 Leo B. McDowell

---------------------------------------------------------

I [Leo B. McDowell] ran across this extract the other day and thought it an excellent article to include here concerning the ancient home of Fergus de Galloway - 1st Lord of Galloway, and the succeeding Lords of Galloway. It is belived to have been authored about 1880 by James Afleck of Kirkcudbright.

Lochfergus.

By Mr. James Afleck

Date and Description

No one looking at the little green knoll on the right hand side of the road at Lochfergus would ever dream that it was the cradle of Galloway history, and the birthplace from which sprang all our ancient Norman castles, abbeys, priories, and churches, whose ruins are now sacred to antiquarians. Yet this is so. In olden times this little green field was a loch, and the large knoll in the centre was an island, partly natural and partly artificial. On it stood the first Norman castle or palace, built by Fergus, the first Lord of Galloway. This castle or palace was built somewhere between the years 1138 and 1140. The site, which is now barely visible, alone remains, and proves that it must have been an oblong building of great dimensions. It stood on the centre of the large island, 1140 feet in circumference, and was surrounded by a wall, with towers at each of the four corners in true Norman fashion. The southern end of the island seems to have been intersected by a moat or ditch, dividing the building proper from the courtyard. This may have been the stableyard, for it is shown as a separate island on old maps. At that period it must have been a place of great strength, as it was also surrounded by the loch. Near the southern end of the loch there was another little island, partly natural and partly artificial. Tradition says that this island was used for stabling accommodation, and, therefore, it has been called Stable Isle." To the practical eye of the antiquarian, however, or the archaeologist, its form-height, build, and inaccessibility-proves that such a theory is quite untenable, and that it must have been an island fortress prior to the more resplendent palace on its larger neighbour, Palace Isle."

Fergus

So far as I can glean from trustworthy records, Fergus must have taken up his residence on Palace Isle " a year or so after the Battle of the Standard in 1138. He was born somewhere about the year 1096. Those were troublous times in Galloway. In 1096 the inhabitants were just emerging from the galling yoke of the ruthless Norsemen. Edgar had ascended the Scottish throne, and he was succeeded in 1107 by his brother Alexander, but when Edgar died he divided up the Scottish Kingdom. To his younger brother, David, he left the whole of the district south of the Firth of Forth, except the Lothians. David took up his residence at Carlisle, and assumed the title of Earl. The accession of David as supreme ruler of Galloway is important, because it was during his regime that we find, for the first time, the official name " Galloway " applied to our ancient province. Fergus was one of David's favourite companions and courtiers, which is amply proved by his witnessing many of the King's charters. He was also a "persona grata " at the English Court, so much so that he married the Princess Elizabeth, daughter of Henry I., and thus became allied to English Royalty. And, as King Henry I. of England married David's sister, Fergus was thus also by marriage allied to the Scottish King. By Elizabeth he had two sons and one daughter-viz., Uchtred and Gilbert, and Affrica. She married Olave, King of Man. To anyone who has studied the history of Galloway carefully it is quite evident from the career and actions of Fergus that he was not a Gallovidian by birth, but one of the many Norman favourites by whom David was surrounded, and to which favourites he was very lavish with grants of land. The most of our historical accounts perpetuate the error that Fergus was of the line of native Galloway princes or rulers. I am afraid, however, that all the facts to be deduced from a careful study of his history go to prove that he was a Norman. In 1130, Angus, Earl of Moray, raised the Standard of Insurrection, and entered Scotland proper with 5000 men, with the intention of reducing the whole kingdom to subjection.

Mackenzie, Sir Herbert Maxwell, and other writers have concluded that Fergus was implicated in this rebellion, and thus forfeited the confidence and trust of David I. I cannot see what Fergus had to gain by such an action. In fact he had everything to lose. The greater probability is that it was the rebellion or insurrection by Malcolm M'Eth in 1134 to 1137 that he joined, because it was also joined by Somerled, the Regulus of Argyll, who was related to him by marriage. This is borne out by the fact that he also joined the second insurrection in 1154 by the sons of Malcolm M'Eth and Somerled, which insurrection led to his downfall.

Battle of the Standard

In 1135 Henry I., the King of England, died, and David I. invaded England in support of the cause of his niece, Matilda, who was the daughter of the English King. This invasion culminated in the great Battle of the Standard. This battle is interesting and important, because it shows the desperate savage nature of the Gallovidians at that period. The " Wild Scots of Galloway,'' as they were called, were pressed into the service of the King, led by their two chiefs, Ulric and Duvenald. A Monastic historian thus described the Gallovidian contingent as "that detestable army, more atrocious than Pagans, reverencing neither God nor man, plundered the whole province of Northumberland, destroyed villages, burned towns, churches, and houses. They spared neither age nor sex, murdering infants in their cradles, and other innocents at the breasts, with the mothers themselves, thrusting them through with their lances, or the points of their swords, and glutting themselves with the misery they inflicted.'' They met the English army on Catton Moor, near Northallerton, in 1138, and here the desperate and decisive battle was fought, called the " Battle of the Standard." The Galwegians claimed the honour of leading the van, notwithstanding the opposition of the King and his advisers. " They commenced the attack," says Hailes, "by rushing in a wedge-like shape on the enemy, with savage vociferations, loud yells, and infuriated valour." Hovedon says that "their war-cry was Albanich Albanich !" to which the English retorted Vry ! Vry ! meaning the opprobrious epithet, "Irish !'' The onset was appalling, and they broke through the ranks of the spearmen, but after the battle had raged for nearly two hours they were reduced to a state of utter confusion. Both their chiefs, Ulric and Dunvenald, were slain. The English were victorious, and peace was concluded in 1139. Fergus seems not to have been at this battle, which shows that he had riot yet been appointed ruler of Galloway, nor even a hereditary prince, or he would have led the Gallovidian contingent.

Fergus Pardoned by the King

It was about this time, however, that he once more made friends with the King, and was appointed Lord of Galloway in succession to Ulric and Dunvenald. The cunning ruse by which he obtained the King's pardon for his former insurrection is well worthy of record. I take the following facts from the History of the Priory of St. Mary's erected on the Isle of Trahil, i.e., St. Mary's Isle, Kirkcudbright :-" Fergus, Earl and lord of Galloway, having failed in his duty to His Majesty, and committed a grievous fault, at which the King, evidently very angry, determined to put the law in force vigorously against him. At last, in a change of habit, he repaired to Alwyn, the Abbot of the Monastry of Holyrood, the King's Confessor and confidential secretary, for advice and assistance. The Abbot compassionating him, contrived that Fergus should assume the habit of a Canon Regular, and thus, God directing, should, along with his brethren, obtain the King's pardon for his offence, through supplication under a religious habit.'' The ruse was successful, and he not only obtained the King's pardon, but also " The Kiss of Peace." The King and he, therefore, became reconciled. To the assistance thus rendered, and coupled with the King's extreme religious fervour, we may safely advance as cogent reasons for the many abbeys which in after years Fergus founded in Galloway.

Fergus was now supreme ruler of Galloway, and resided at his Castle or Palace of Lochfergus. Thus we may fix the building of the castle or palace at this period. For many years he devoted his time and attention to the founding of religious houses. The first one he founded was at Saulseat, in the parish of Inch, about three miles from Stranraer, which he handed over to Monks from Premontre in Picardy. The next was the Priory of Whithorn. Some fragments of this Priory still remain, notably the beautiful south door of late Norman work. The west tower stood in the time of Sym son, when he wrote his large description of Galloway in 1684. Tongland Abbey followed next in the order of building, then St. Maria de Trayll, now known as St. Mary's Isle, Kirkcudbright, and lastly Dundrennan, which is a very fine piece of early pointed work. The Norman style of architecture and the Monks he placed in these Abbeys all go to prove that he was not a Gallovidian by birth, because the religion of the Gallovidians differed materially from that of the Abbeys. There seems no doubt that Fergus must have been a man of deep religious feeling, but at the same time we cannot but recognise the fact that in the founding of these Abbeys he was simply carrying out the orders of King David, nicknamed the " Prince of Monk feeders,'' or " The sore sanct to the Crown," and thus in some measure making atonement for the grievous offence which he had formerly committed against his Sovereign. Fergus Castle at this period must have been a very important place. It was the favourite home of his wife, the Princess Elizabeth, whose courtly manners and kindly disposition did much to tone down the semi-civilised inhabitants.

A Second Rebellion and the End

During the subsequent part of the reign of David there is nothing of importance to chronicle regarding Fergus or Lochfergus. David died in 1153, and was succeeded by his grandson Malcolm IV., then a minor. He was the first King who was crowned at Scone. Somerled and several others of the northern chiefs were dissatisfied with the succession, and taking advantage of the extreme youth of the King, and the distracted councils which prevailed at Court, rose in insurrection, and put forward a son of the former Pretender, M'Eth. Fergus at first did not join them, because we find that he seized the claimant Donald when he sought sanctuary at Whithorn, and sent him to prison at Roxburgh, where his father, the elder M'Eth, was also confined. However, the English King Henry II. having persuaded Malcolm to resign that part of his territory south of the Tweed and go to France to assist him in fighting his battles there, the Gallovidians refused to have an English King to reign over them, so they, under Fergus, joined Somerled. The young Scottish King hurried home, and took up arms to chastise the Gallovidians, but the impenetrable forests, the treacherous morasses, and the rugged hills of Galloway were practically inaccessible, except to those who knew them intimately. Twice Malcolm entered Galloway, but had to retire beaten and discomfited. The third time, however, he doubled his forces, and by this means, in addition to propitiating some of the rebels, he prevailed, and Somerled became reconciled. Fergus, thus deserted by his former friends, resigned the Lordship of Galloway, or what is more probable, deprived of his office, and retired once more to the Abbey of Holyrood, where he became a Canon Regular, and it is said ended his days in the following year through grief and sorrow. Before he died, however, he bestowed on Holyrood Abbey the village and church of Dunrodden (Dunrod, near Kirkcudbright). There seems little doubt that Fergus was a wise and beneficent ruler, and that Galloway made great progress under his sway. And to any impartial historian who takes the trouble to enquire into the reasons or motives which prompted him to take up arms against his Sovereign will not only find extenuating circumstances, but in these unsettled times very good reasons for his actions. In these old times " might was right,'' and the succession to the throne was not always in accordance with justice.

-- From http://members.tripod.com/leomcdowell/id45.htm "Lochfergus", COPYRIGHT 2000 Leo B. McDowell

------------------------------------------

Prince Fergus de Galloway's successive heirs through his wife Princess Elizabeth (daughter of Henry Beauclerc - King Henry I of England 1100-1135 and his mistress Sybilla Lucy Corbet), were Uchtred de Galloway (married to Gunild of Dunbar) , Roland (Rolund) de Galloway - Constable of Scotland, (born in 1164 and died in 1200 in Northamptonshire, England and married to Elena de Moreville about 1185) and Alan de Galloway (co-signatory of the Magna Carta of 15 June 1215). Princess Elizabeth, was the daughter of King Henry I of England (Henry Beauclerc), the son of William the Conqueror (King William I - her grandfather), the victor over King Harold and the Anglo-Saxons during the Norman Conquest at the Battle of Hastings (1066) and the head of the Norman line of English Kings. Alan (born about 1186 and died in 1234) was married about 1205 to Helen de L'Isle (1174-1212) the daughter of Reginald (MacDonald) Lord of the Isles and Fonia Moray. Alan and Helen MacDowall failed to produce a male heir, so, in time, Alan's daughter Devorguilla MacDowall, wife of John Balliol, passed the Lordship of Galloway and heirship of the crown to her son King John I (Balliol) of Scotland. The ruins of the Cistercian house of Glenluce Abbey, founded by Roland, Earl of Galloway in 1192, occupy a site of great natural beauty. It was visited by Robert the Bruce (King Robert I) and King James IV. Mary Queen of Scots also stayed there during a royal progress.

Devorguilla de Galloway Balliol, The Lady of Galloway, in memory of her husband John Balliol, had the Cistercian Sweetheart Abbey built in the late 13th or early 14th century and is buried in the presbytery with a casket containing her beloved husband's embalmed heart.

Roland (Rolund) (born about 1164, died in 1200) had a brother named Duegald (Dowall, killed in 1185), the younger son of Uchtred 2nd Lord of Galloway and his wife Gunild of Dunbar), from whom the surnamed "MacDowall" are descended according to Garthland records, as a result of which they carry the undifferenced Arms of Galloway, the Dalriadic lion used per pale (light blue) by Somerled, Or (gold) quartered by the MacDougall, except crowned in Galloway. Roland is buried at the abbey of St. Andrew in Northhamptonshire, England where the family also held lands. The Clan Ferguson also claim descendency from Prince Fergus de Galloway, 1st Lord of Galloway, as do the MacDonals and Galloways.

Because John (The Red) Comyn of Badenoch, the grandson of Dervorguilla MacDowall Balliol, Lady of Galloway, was murdered at the alter rails at the Dominican Greyfriars' Kirk in Dumfries, by Robert the Bruce, Earl of Carrick, in order to usurp the crown. John "the Red" Comyn had betrayed William Wallace at Falkirk (1306) while in the heat of battle, John and his vassals (mostly light cavalry) left the field, and it is presumed that he had conspired with King Edward to betray Wallace in this manner. Robert the Bruces' brothers Alexander and Thomas had gone to Galloway to seek aid for "The Bruce's" cause. They were captured by Comyn and the MacDowalls and turned over to King Edward I and were hung, drawn and quartered, and dragged through the streets of Carlisle. The Galloway MacDowalls were mortal foes of King Robert I (1306-1329) of Scotland and close kin and allies of the crowned Balliols of Galloway, of the MacDougalls of Argyll and Lorn, of Alexander Comyn Earl of Buchan, and of their fifth cousin King Edward I (Plantagenet) of England (1239-1307). Edward I completed the conquest of Wales and temporarily subdued Scotland. He was the eldest son of Henry III. In 1254 he was made duke of Gascony and married Eleanor of Castile (died 1290). In contrast to his father, Edward showed masterfulness in the disputes with the English barons following the governmental reforms instituted by the Provisions of Oxford (1258). He supported Simon de Montfort in 1259 but later changed sides. He fought for the king at the Battle of Lewes (1264) and himself defeated Montfort decisively at Evesham (1265), restoring royal power. In 1271-72 he was on crusade at Acre.

During the years from 1272, when Edward succeeded his father, to 1290 striking achievements occurred. Edward conquered the Welsh principality of Llewelyn ap Gruffydd in devastating campaigns in 1277 and 1282-83 and built massive castles to keep it secure. In England he held regular parliaments. (The surname prefix ap or ab in Welch serves the same purpose as Mc or Mac in Gaelic.) A program of legislation strengthened royal control over the court system and reformed the tangled feudal land law. After 1294 wars in Scotland and France dominated Edward's reign. The death (1290) of Margaret, Maid of Norway, heiress to the Scottish crown, allowed Edward as suzerain to choose a successor, John de Balliol, and then to claim direct rule over Scotland, which he subdued in 1296. It was at this time that King Edward I ripped the coat of arms off King John I (Balliol) and threw it to the floor. Upon leaving Scotland, King Edward is recorded by his royal scribe to have said: "It is good to be shot (rid) of this shyte" (referring to Scotland).

In France the conflict concerned the French king's overlordship over Edward's duchy of Gascony. In 1297, Edward attacked France to assert his rights, but the expedition was cut short by the rebellion in Scotland of Sir William Wallace. At the same time the English nobles rebelled, forcing Edward to grant Parliament control over taxes. By a treaty (1303) with Philip IV of France, Edward retained Gascony. He failed, however, to quell the risings of Wallace and Robert the Bruce (later Robert I), and Scotland remained only half-conquered at his death. He was succeeded by his son Edward II. During this time, the MacDougall clan controlled Lorn and Benderloch, the islands of Mull, Lismore, Coll and Tiree. After several battles in which the Gallowegians followed their native leader Sir Douglas MacDowyl (as translated by the English at that time), Sir Douglas MacDowall was killed and dispossessed by the Bruces. King Robert I, known as Robert the Bruce (born July 11, 1274, died June 7, 1329) the king of Scotland, restored Scottish independence from England. In 1292, Bruce's grandfather had lost his claim to the Scottish throne to John de Balliol in a succession suit decided by English King Edward I. During the next decade Bruce, then 8th earl of Carrick, switched his allegiance back and forth between Edward and the independence of Scotland.

After the execution (in 1305) of Sir William Wallace, a national hero, Bruce, not fully trusted by either side, murdered his old enemy and rival John Comyn. This act committed him to the Scottish patriots, because Comyn had inherited Balliol's claim to the throne and was supported by Edward. On 27 March 1306, The Bruce was crowned at Scone. Following major setbacks in 1306-07, he rallied from an apparently hopeless situation and began systematically winning back his kingdom from the English. On 24 June 1314, at the Battle of Bannockburn, Bruce defeated Edward II, who had succeeded his father Edward I in 1307. This great victory established independence for Scotland and confirmed Bruce's claim to the throne. King Robert I spent the remainder of his life fighting the English in Ireland and along the Scottish borders. In 1328, England formally recognized Scottish independence. Robert was succeeded by his son, David II.

The Clan MacDougall prized trophy - the Brooch of Lorn that was ripped, along with the tartan cloak, from the treacherous Robert the Bruce, Earl of Carrick as he narrowly escaped death at the hands of our kinsmen at the Breadalbane Pass on 19 June 1306.

That same year (1306), the forces of John (Ewen) of Lorn were slaughtered without mercy between Ben Cruachan and Lochawe in the mountain gorge. The Bruce besieged Dunstaffnage castle and received the submission of Alister of Lorn, John's father. Alister fled to England, was allowed to retain the district of Lorn, but forfeited the rest of his possessions. As Alister and John arrived in England, King Edward I (Edward "Longshanks") was making preparations for the expedition, which terminated in the ever-memorable defeat of his son and heir King Edward II at the Battle of Bannockburn. John was received with open arms by King Edward I and appointed to the command of the English fleet. The Bruces' forces surprised and dispersed John's fleet at Kintyre and Knapdale. John, Lord of Lorn was captured, sent to Dumbarton, and afterwards to Lochleven, where he was detained in confinement during the remainder of King Robert I's reign.

In 1354 however, some of the former lands of the clan were restored when John (Ewen) MacDougall of Lorn married King Robert the Bruce (King Robert I)'s granddaughter and through her not only recovered the ancient possessions of his family, but even obtained a grant of property of Glenlyon. John (Ewen) died without male heir and his daughters married brothers of clan Stewart, thereby passing all lands and possessions to the Stewarts (The present British Royal family is of Clan Stewart). Thus ended the great power of the clan and of the descendants of Somerled and Prince Fergus de Galloway.

-- From http://members.tripod.com/leomcdowell/id25.htm "The Lords and The Line", COPYRIGHT 2000 Leo B. McDowell

More about de Galloway, Fergus , King, 1st Lord of Galloway:

Burial: Abbey of Holyrood, Edinburgh, Scotland19.

145.     Beauclerc, Elizabeth, Princess of England. Elizabeth was born in 1095-00-00 in Talby, Yorkshire, England. She died before 1161-05-12 in Scotland at the age of 66 years. She married de Galloway, Fergus , King, 1st Lord of Galloway in 1124-00-00 in Carrick, Ayrshire, Scotland19.

Notes for Beauclerc, Elizabeth , Princess of England

-- Daughter of King Henry I (Beauclerc) of England -- Granddaughter of King William I (The Conqueror)

Children of Beauclerc, Elizabeth , Princess of England and de Galloway, Fergus , King, 1st Lord of Galloway

i. de Galloway, Uchtred , 2nd Lord of Galloway [29884416]. He was born about 1124-00-00 in Scotland. He died on 1174-09-22 in Loch Fergus, Galloway, Scotland.

ii. de Galloway, Gilbert.

iii. de Galloway, Alfrica.

iv. de Galloway, Margaret.

More about Beauclerc, Elizabeth , Princess of England and de Galloway, Fergus , King, 1st Lord of Galloway:

Marriage: 1124-00-00, Carrick, Ayrshire, Scotland19.

Endnotes

1. Copied from Martin Family Bible.

2. Some Descendants of Anthony Dierdorff, Jr..

3. The Family and Decendants of Samuel Richardson Martin and Emma Louis Walton Martin from 1660 through 2006.

4. Waltons of Old Virginia and Sketches of Families in Central Virginia.

5. Barbara Miroslaw's GEDCOM @ RootsWeb.com.

6. Marilyn Cardwell Larson's Gedcom File.

7. Cardwell Family Tree.

8. Virginia Marriages, 1740-1850.

9. Genealogy of the Greenlee Families in America, Scotland, Ireland and England (Also Genealogical Data on the McDowells of Virginia and Kentucky).

10. Family Tree Maker's Family Archives (Marriage Index: KY, NC, TN, VA, WV1728-1850).

11. 1860 United States Census, Rockbridge Co., VA.

12. Hubert H. Martin's Personal Papers.

13. Virginia Marriages to 1800.

14. Joyce Turel's Neighbors Info @ RootsWeb.com.

15. Wilmer L. Kerns.

16. Genealogy of the Grigsby Family.

17. A History of Rockbridge County Virginia.

18. History of Augusta County, Virginia.

19. My McDowell Family.

20. Janet Skelton's GEDCOM @ RootsWeb.com.

21. Marriage Index: KY, NC, TN, VA, WV 1728-1850.

22. Working GEDCOM of Melissa Thompson Alexander.

23. David Porter's GEDCOM @ RootsWeb.com.

24. Johnson family of Missouri GEDCOM.

25. Nancy T. Green's Genealogy Page.

26. World Family Tree Vol. 1, Ed. 1.

27. Worcestershire: - Registers of Marriages, 1538-1836.

28. Second Register Burials Marriages at Shipston-on-Stour, 1572 to 1812. Volume 1.