A Chronology of The Silmarillion has to take into account the following stages of time that occur:
 The Time leading up to the creation of the two Trees Telperion and Laurelin and their regular waxing and waning in Aman. That manner of reckoning, though, is available only to the Valar, who dwell in sight of them, and not to the dwellers on Middle-earth, who cannot see the Lights. The time of the Two Trees to the years of the Sun and Moon

 Note: As you read this text you will see a number of images. To see a larger view of the image just click on it and a separate window will open up giving you a larger size to view. The pictures are from various Tolkien Calendars and are the creation of 3 artists - Just click on their names to view their respective web sites. They are:

### For a breakdown of this timeline the following formulas could be used as a reference to mark time [1]

#### Reckoning of Time : According to the reckoning by the Trees (Telperion and Laurelin)

 12 hours(A full flower of both Trees) = 1 day 1000 days (12000 hours) = 1 year 100 years = 1 age of the Valar

#### Reckoning by the Trees vs. Reckoning by the Sun:

 1 hour of the Trees = 7 hours of our time 1 day of the Trees = (7*12) 84 hours of our time 1 year of the Trees = (7 * 12000) 84000 hours of our time Based on this we have 8766 hours in a Sun year ( 365.25 * 24) and therefore: 1 year of the Trees = (84000/8766)9.582 Sun Years

#### Valar’s intention for the reckoning by the Sun and Moon

 700 times of sunlight and moonlight = 350 full days = 1 Sun Year 1 hour = 1/7 of 1 hour of the Trees Based on this information we can say that: 1 Sun year would have 8400 hours (24*350) = (8400/7) 1200 hours of the Trees = 1/10 of a Valian year and = approximately 10 Sun years Expressed in another way: 1 year of the Trees = 84000 hours of our time (7*12000) 84000/8400 (350*24) = 10 although 84000/8766 (365.25*24) = 9.582

#### Time elapsed from the beginning to the Trees flowering to the first riding of the Moon

 The Trees flowered after 3500 Valian years had passed which equals 33530 Sun years (using 9.58) The Moon rose after 5000 Valian years had passed which equals 47900 Sun years (using 9.58)

 Note: All items that are marked in red on this page have additional information in the Silmarillion Encyclopedia. Each bookmark will link back to the page where the entry is found. It will open a new window and it will open up to where the entry is located on that page.

### The Beginning- Valian Years 1-3500

 Iluvatar creates Ea (our World)by the Music and by bestowing Being upon it. The Ainur descend as Powers (Valar) to the island of Almaren on Middle-earth. Their Names and Functions: Valar Descriptions They wage the first War against Melkor to prevent him from spoiling their work in shaping Ea. 1500    Morgoth flees from Tulkas the Strong. Yavanna plants the Seeds of all growing things. 1900    Aulë constructs and sets in place Two Lamps, whose Light brings Middle-earth's first Spring. 3400    Melkor digs his underground fortress of Utumno.3450     Now feeling safe, he destroys the Two Lamps and hides in Utumno. In the ensuing Darkness the first spring dies. The Valar move to Aman the Blessed (Valinor) and fortify it. 3500 - Yavanna sings up the Two Trees, Telperion the White and Laurelin the Golden, to replace Aulë's two broken Lamps (Illuin and Ormal. [3]

### The Reckoning of Time from the Two Trees Years 1-1100

 The Count of Time begins on Aman. After an hour of waxing, Telperion shines at its full for six hours, then wanes for an hour into darkness. Laurelin, likewise, first has an hour of waxing while Telperion wanes, and then shines at its full for six hours until its hour of waning mingles with the hour of Telperion's rekindling. Taken together, the two six-hour periods of full shining are accounted a single day of twelve hours.Aulë makes the Seven Fathers of the Dwarves. For Yavanna's sake the Ents are born; for Manwë's, the Eagles.1000-1050 - Varda (Elbereth) scatters silver dews of Telperion through the skies to make new stars and constellations for the expected coming of the Elves, the Elder Children of Iluvatar. This includes Menelmacar (now known as Orion).This was to be the sign for Turin Turambar and thus foreshadow the Last Battle that shall be at the end of the 1st Age1050 - The Elves awaken at Cuivienen. Varda creates the star Valacirca (the Sickle of the Valar) which stands in the Northern sky above Utumno as a token of the doom of Melkor. Melian the Maia departs from Valinor.
 1050-1085 - Melkor transforms captured Elves into Orcs. Oromë finds the Children of Iluvatar and lingers through. 1086    He then returns to Valinor and informs Manwë of the arrival of the Elves 1090-1100    The outraged Valar break open Utumno, capture Melkor, and chain him in the Halls of Mandos for three Ages, during which a Long Peace lasts.

### In the First Age of Melkor's Bondage 1100-1200 [4]

 The Valar summon the three Elf tribes (Vanyar, Noldor, and Teleri) to live with them in Aman. Each tribe has inherent traits of its own. 1102     Ingwë, Finwë and Elwë come to Valinor as Quendi ambassadors. A yearning begins as the behold the Light of the Two Trees. They return and counsel the Eldar to go to the Land of Aman. 1130    Elwë (Thingol) of the Teleri meets and marries Melian the Maia in Beleriand. They found Doriath. Melian throws a protective Girdle around Doriath. 1133    The Elves arrive in Aman. 1140    The city of Tirion is full wrought. The Tower of Ingwë is built. 1142    Yavanna gives to the Noldor the White tree Galathilion which was an image of the tree Telperion 1150    Ulmo takes all the Teleri who would follow Olwë on Eressea and, with the aid and some pleading by Ossë, they fasten the island in the bay of Eldamar within sight of Aman. Here they can see the Light of the Two Trees as it passes throught the cleft in the Pelori mountains. Kalakiryan - The Pass of Light. The Teleri that remain in Middle-Earth stay on the coast of West Beleriand (Falas). They become the first mariners on the earth and the first ship-builders. Cirdan is their Lord and their havens are at Brithombar and Eglarest. They become known as the Falathrim. (Sindarin - Coast-people) 1162    Olwë, Lord of the Teleri, with Finwë's aid and that of the Noldor, begins the building of Alqualondë, the Swanhaven, upon the coast of Eldamar 1165    The last of the Vanyar leave Tirion for Valinor. The Noldor dwell alone and converse thereafter with the Teleri. 1179    Fëanor is born there . His mother Miriel dies of his birth. Fëanor's father, Finwë, King of the Noldor, marries again, his second wife being Indis of the Vanyar. Rumil devises the Letters and begins recording Eldar writings, songs, etc. 1190    Finwë & Indis' first son Fingolfin is born. 1200    Luthien, daughter of Thingol and Melian is born

### In the Second Age of Melkor's Bondage 1200-1300

 Fëanor marries Nerdanel of the Noldor. Their seven sons are born. She is called the wise. For a time, Nerdanel is able to curb Fëanor's fiery nature. Fingolfin and Finarfin marry. Each has several sons and daughters. 1230    Finarfin, Finwë & Indis' second son is born. 1250    The descendants of Aulë's Dwarves come to the Ered Luin mountains and found Nogrod and Belegost. Fëanor improves on Rumil's letters (Tengwar) 1280    Finarfin weds Olwë's daughter Ëarwen. Now his children become kin to Thingol in Beleriand 1300     With Melian's guidance, dwarves and elves build Menegroth of the Thousand Caves for Elu Thingol. Turgon and Finrod are born.

### In the Third Age of Melkor's Bondage 1300-1400

 Wolves, Orcs, and other evil creatures roam in Beleriand. Menegroth is fortified against them. 1330    The first of the Orcs are encountered in Beleriand. 1350     Denethor and a host of elves called the Nandor cross the mountains and reside near Ossiriand - The Land of Seven (rivers). Thingol welcomes them as lost kindred. They are called the Green-elves because their garb bears the colors of leaves. 1362    Galadriel is born. 1400    Melkor is unchained. He precipitates quarrels between Fëanor and Fingolfin by whispering lies about both.
 1450    Fëanor fashions the three Silmarils, each enclosing the Lights of the Two Trees. Varda hallows the Silmarils, so that no mortal flesh nor any evil or unclean thing might touch them, but will be scorched and burned with unenduring pain. Fëanor has further quarrels with Fingolfin. Fëanor draws his sword on Fingolfin and threatens him 1490    Mandos banishes him for twelve years from the Noldor city of Tirion. Fëanor builds a stronghold of his own at Formenos, north of Tirion, where he is joined by his seven sons and by his father, Finwë. Nerdanel chooses not to follow her spouse but abides with Indis instead. Melkor (now called Morgoth, the Black Enemy) is sought by the Valar as the chief begetter of the quarrels but flees, apparently northward. 1492    Morgoth circles back to southern Aman and makes a pact with Ungoliant. 1495    Jointly they kill the Two Trees. On their flight back to Middle-earth Morgoth kills Finwë and steals the Silmarils at Formenos, Fëanor being absent, by command, at a feast of the Valar. They ask Fëanor to restore to Yavanna the Light of the Two Trees by breaking open the Silmarils. He answers neither aye nor nay. Hearing of the tragedy at Formenos, Fëanor rushes back to Tirion. Morgoth escapes from Ungoliant on Middle-earth. He rebuilds Angband mustering Orcs and Balrogs. It is locate 150 leagues north of the bridge of Menegroth. He raises the three-fold peaks of Thangorodrim 1495-1500 Fëanor incites the Noldor in Tirion to pursue Morgoth to Middle-earth both to avenge King Finwë and to recover the Silmarils. Fëanor and his sons all swear the Oath "that none should take" to kill anyone who keeps a Silmaril from them. He disregards a warning from Manwë not to leave Valinor. He leads the Kinslaying of the Teleri at Alqualonde. Mandos curses Fëanor and all the Noldor who follow him. Fëanor steals the Teleri ships to transport to Middle-earth those Noldor most loyal to him; lands at the Firth of Drengist, burns the ships, abandoning Fingolfin and the main Noldor host in Araman; encamps with his followers on the shore of Lake Mithrim. He repulses and shatters an Orc army secretly sent by Morgoth. Pursuing its remnants to Ard-galen, Fëanor is slain by Balrogs. His body instantly crumbles to dust.
The First and Second Battles of Beleriand 1497 to the beginning of 1st Age Year 1

First Battle:  -
Morgoth hurls two Orc armies against Doriath, one to its east, one to its west. Thingol's Elves rout the eastern army with the help of Green-elves and Dwarves. This victory is won before any of the Noldor land in Beleriand. However, Denethor and all his kin perish. The Green-elves merge with Thingol's people.
Second Battle:  -
Dagor-nuin-Giliath, Battle under the Stars - it is so called because neither Moon nor Sun has yet risen, although the Valar are preparing both. The army of Cirdan, ally of Thingol, has been defeated by the western orc host and pushed far south to the seacoast. This orc host, marching back northward to aid those Orcs defeated by the Noldor at Lake Mithrim, is ambushed and wiped out by Celegorm, third son of Fëanor. Expecting the imminent birth of Men, the Second Children of Iluvatar, the Valar resolve to guard them against Morgoth's darkness by lighting all of Ea with a Moon and a Sun. The Moon (a radiant silver flower of Telperion transparently encased by Aulë (and guided by the Maia Tilion) being ready first, Varda sends it up into the sky from the Pelori mountains in Valinor. So it seems to rise first in the west, but its assigned course is to pass under Eä and make its rising in the east. At the Moon's first appearance Fingolfin and his host, safe at last from their crossing of the Helcaraxë, set foot on Middle-earth. They greet it with silver trumpets.

### The Solar Years

 Seven days later the Sun (one golden fruit from Laurelin and guided by the Maia Arien) rises similarly above the Pelori, but is designed to circle under Ea and bring morning to the east. 1-4    According to the Sun's coming and going begins the Count of Time on Middle-earth, its first rising being the first day of the first Year of the Sun. Its Years are "swifter and briefer than the long Years of the Trees in Valinor". On the day of its first rising Fingolfin and his host march into Mithrim, saluting it with horns and banners. On the same day the race of Men awake in Hildorien.Morgoth immediately comes to corrupt them by laying upon their hearts a darkness of fear and enmity against the Elves which can never be expunged. But he is called back to Angband, having only partially completed this task. 5    After the First and Second Battles Morgoth lures Maedhros into a conference at which he is seized by Balrogs and nailed by one hand to a cliff in Thangorodrim. His friend Fingon finds him and, lifted up by Thorondor, King of Eagles, frees him by cutting off his hand. Maedhros, grateful, begs Fingolfin's pardon for the desertion in Araman. Also renounces in his favor the office of High King of the Noldor. 7    Angrod comes from Doriath bearing the words of Thingol. Thingol declares his rule not only over Doriath but also over all of Beleriand; forbids Noldor settlements anywhere except in wild, unoccupied lands; denies access to Doriath by any except members of the House of Finarfin, his kinsman. All the Noldor are dismayed,but Caranthir, fourth son of Fëanor, angrily attacks Angrod,who becaomes wrothful and departs the council. To ensure peace Maedhros takes all six of his brothers far eastward to the Hill of Himring. There he makes them wardens of the March of Maedhros against Morgoth's incursions from the north. 20    Fingolfin as High King holds a statesmanlike Feast of Reuniting, Mereth Aderthad, near the pools of Ivrin, to heal all breaches. All the Noldor princes attend, notably Maedhros and his brother Maglor the Minstrel, with some of their warriors. Also the Sindar leaders, save only those of Doriath. All swear oaths of friendship. To bring Noldor and Sindar closer together, the Noldor there speak Sindarin. 50    Warned by Ulmo in their dreams to build cities impregnable to Morgoth, Finrod and Turgon travel together looking for proper sites. With assistance from Dwarves, Finrod founds Nargothrond in caves dug into the bank of the River Narog, resembling Menegroth. 51    Under Ulmo's guidance Turgon discovers among the mountains the hidden value of Tumladen, in which stands a hill of rock on which to erect a city modeled after Tirion upon Tuna in Aman. 67    Tales are whispered concerning the deeds of the Noldor before coming to Beleriand. Cirdan, perceiving that these stories are due to the jealousies between the princes of Noldor, informs Thingol. He becomes angry. Having the sons of Finrod there he rebuked them. Angrod remembers Caranthir's words and speaks out in bitterness telling Thingol all concerning the Kinslaying at Alqualondë and the ship burning at Losgar. Thingol decrees that never again shall the Noldor language be spoken in his realm.
The Third Battle of Beleriand,Dagor Agloreb, the Glorious Battle

 75    A huge legion of Orcs attacking Dorthonion is crushed between the forces of Fingolfin and Maedhros, who assail it simultaneously. The Noldor leaders establish a tight siege of Angband which lasts nearly 400 years. 100    Turgon builds and secretly occupies the hidden city of Gondolin. Ulmo promises him that it will be the last of the Noldor strongholds to fall, and that he will send a warning of peril before that happens. Thus foreshadowing the coming of Tuor. Turgon's people begin the migration from Nevrast 155    Morgoth probes the defenses of Hithlum by sending a brigade of Orcs around it to attack from its west. Fingon falls upon them at the Firth of Drengist and drives most of them into the Sea. 265    Perceiving that unaided Orcs cannot prevail the Noldor, Morgoth breeds Glaurung, the first Fire-drake. It emerges from Angband prematurely and is driven back in by a cavalry of Elves, who shoot arrows into its soft scales. 256-450    A Long Peace ensues while Glaurung grows to maturity. The Noldor find  leisure for arts of mind and hand. In many regions they merge with the Sindar. Sindarin becomes the dominant speech for all the Elves of Beleriand. But the Noldor princes retain Noldorin, the High Speech of the West, 'among themselves, and as a language of lore. 304     Aredhel, Turgon's sister, leaves Gondolin. She is befriended by the sons of Fëanor and is separated from them in Nan Dungortheb. She survives and is seduced and wedded to Eöl the dark elf ( Nan Elmoth)
 305     Men are discovered in Ossiriand by Finrod Felagund. 306    Maeglin, son of Aredhel is born 310    Finrod meets the Edain in Ossiriand 311    Bëor enters the service of Finrod 345    Through his mother Aredhel, Maeglin gains access to Gondolin. Eöl follows them and, in a quarrel in front of Turgon's throne, Aredhel is slain by a poison dart from Eöl. Eöl is cast over the Caragdur(a precipitous black rock formation), cursing Maeglin. Unable to win the love of Idril, the King's daughter, Maeglin seeks selfish power there.
 350    Three tribes of Men first enter Beleriand: the people of Bëor, the Haladin, and the Hador. By invitation of the Noldor lords Bëor's tribe joins Angrod and Aegnor, sons of Finarfin, in Dorthonion. The Hador settle in Hithlum under Fingolfin. 355    Death of Bëor 370    The Haladin choose to live in the Forest of Brethil. 389   The birth of Hador, later Lord of Dor-lómin. 432   Approximate birth of Beren Erchamion. 441   The birth of Hurin 443   The birth of Morwen. 444   The birth of Huor 445   Birth of Ereinion, later called Gil-galad. 450   Hurin and Huor of the House of Hador, being fostered in Brethil by their uncle, Haldir, lose their way after fighting Orcs and are carried by Thorondor's Eagles into Gondolin. They persuade King Turgon to release them.Birth of Larnach.
The Fourth Battle, Dagor Bragollach, the Battle of Sudden Flame

 455   Morgoth suddenly succeeds in breaking the Siege of Angband. With swift rivers of lava he burns Ard-galen into ashes. Then with Glaurung, Balrogs, and vast battalions of Orcs, he pens Fingolfin and Fingon in Hithlum; overruns Dorthonion, killing Angrod and Aegnor; smashes open the whole March of Maedhros except the Hill of Himring, held by Maedhros and Maglor. Celegorm to Nargothrond. Finrod, hurrying his army northward into the fray, is trapped in the Fens of Serech, saved only by Barahir, to whom he gives his ring and swears an oath of friendship. Hador perishes(455) at Barad Eithel defending Fingolfin . Fingolfin challenges Morgoth to single combat, lames him, but is killed. Fingon becomes High King. 456    Húrin and Huor return out of Gondolin to Dor-lómin. 457     Barahir sends the women and children of Bëor's tribe to the Haladin and the Hador. He fights on in Dorthonion's highlands with twelve men, among them his son, Beren. Sauron drives Orodreth from Tol Sirion and, as Morgoth's chief lieutenant, occupies its tower and dungeons with his Werewolves. Easterlings enter Beleriand for the first time, many of them already corrupted by Morgoth. Maedhros allies himself with Bor and Ulfang, the former faithful, the latter not.
 462    Morgoth sends a large force of Orcs against Hithlum. Hurin holds the pass of Eithel Sirion against one army. With Cirdan's aid Fingon slaughters another coming down from the north. Hurin marries Morwen and rules the Hador in Dorlomin.Capture of Minas Tirith by the forces of Sauron. Galdor is slain in the siege of Barad Eithel. 463    Hurin's son, Turin, is born to Morwen. 465    By a trick Sauron learns the whereabouts of Barahir's band and dispatches Orcs, who slay them, all except Beren. 467    Maedhros tries to form a Union of all those who will fight against Morgoth, especially with Fingon, but neither Nargothrond nor Doriath joins. Fingon has the help of Cirdan's Elves from the Falas and of all the Edain. Maedhros has to rely on the Easterlings and a contingent of Dwarves. 468-490    Beren fights on alone for four years, and then goes south to the forest of Neldoreth, where he and Luthien meet and love. To win Luthien, Beren is required by Thingol to bring back as a bride price a Silmaril from Morgoth's crown. Finrod Felagund dies (469) while saving Beren from a Werewolf in Sauron's dungeon at Tol Sirion. Luthien and the hound Huan rescue Beren by driving Sauron from Tol Sirion. While Morgoth and all his court slumber under Luthien's spell of sleep Beren pries loose a Silmaril from his iron crown (469). Carcharoth swallows the Silmaril in Beren's hand and, tortured by pain, ravages Doriath. In hunting the beast Beren is mortally wounded while saving Thingol's life. Beren gives Thingol the Silmaril, cut out from Carcharoth, and perishes of his wounds. Luthien dies of grief. In Mandos' halls Luthien sings so sweetly of her love for Beren that Manwë, empowered by Iluvatar, allows the lovers to return together to Ea as mortals, there to share the fate of Men when they die again. They settle on Tol Galen in Ossiriand and have a son, Dior, who is heir to Thingol's throne.
The Fifth Battle, Nirnaeth Arnoediad - the Battle of Unnumbered Tears.

 471     As in Dagor Aglareb, the Glorious Battle, Fingon and Maedhros are to attack simultaneously from west and east. But Maedhros is delayed on the Hill of Himring by the false reports of Uldor, his Easterling scout. And Fingon, leaving his defenses too soon, is surrounded by Orcs and killed. Maedhros, hastening to Fingon's aid, is betrayed by Easterlings. The Hador of Dor-lomin, captained by Huor and Hurin, fight to the last. Hurin is captured alive and taken to Angband. Tuor is born. His mother, Rian, dies of grief for his slain father, Huor. All the sons of Fëanor are wounded but escape to Mount Dolmed. Hithlum has lost all its fighting Men and most of its Elves. Morgoth repopulates it with Easterlings. He ravages the Falas, driving Cirdan and his Elves to the Isle of Balar.Seven ships built by Cirdan for King Turgon, to plead for help from the Valar against Morgoth, are all wrecked. Morgoth, unable to break Hurin's will and force him to reveal the location of Gondolin, curses him and sits him, bound, on a high peak whence he must watch evil overtake his wife and children Morwen sends Turin, age eight,to Doriath to escape slavery the Easterlings and to be nurtured by King Thingol. Year of Lamentation for the Battle of Unnumbered Tears.Birth of Tuor.
 472    Siege and capture of the Havens of Brithombar and Eglarest.Morwen gives birth to Nienor, Turin's sister,whom he does not see. 475    Birth of Dior Eluchíl on Tol Galen. 483    Now Turin begins to fight Orcs on borders of Doriath 485-492    Turin returns to Menegroth to rest. Kills Saeros. Presuming himself an outlaw,he gathers a band of desperate men on Amon Rûdh; is betrayed by Mim; kills his friend Beleg by mistake; and is taken by Gwindor to Nargothrond. Finduilas falls in love with him, in vain. 488    Tuor is fostered secretly by Grey-elves in the Caves of Androth in Mithrim.
 491    Tuor captured and enslaved by Easterlings. 493    Ulmo warns King Orodreth to throw down the new bridge across the River Narog, to shut his city's gates, and to keep his army safe behind them. Turin persuades the King to ignore Ulmo's counsels.
 494     Approximate date of the reforging of Gurthang.Tuor escapes; returns to the Caves of Andros; lives there as an outlaw, harrying the Easterlings. Morgoth looses against Nargothrond a host of Orcs led by Glaurung. The King, by Turin's bad advice, leads out his army; is defeated and slain at Tumhalad. Nargothrond is sacked. The paralyzing spell of Glaurung's eyes holds Turin immobile, then deceives him into making a vain journey to Dorlomin to save Morwen and Nienor, who have already fled to Doriath. Under the same spell, Nienor loses all memory of who she is. Running naked to the Forest of Brethil, she is pitied and then loved by Turin, who has taken refuge there.Sack of Nargothrond. Tuor, called by Ulmo, finds in Vinyamar the armor and weapons left by King Turgon to identify the messenger warning of imminent peril.
 495    Ulmo orders Tuor to seek out Gondolin and deliver his message; saves Voronwe, a mariner of Gondolin, to guide him there. Thingol has Dwarves from Nogrod set his Silmaril in Nauglamir.Tuor repeats to King Turgon Ulmo's counsel to abandon Gondolin and take its people to the Mouths of Sirion. Turgon refuses to leave the city. 497    Turin and Nienor are married.
 498    Nienor becomes pregnant. Glaurung, about to ruin Brethil, is mortally wounded by Turin, single-handed. Before he dies, Glaurung tells Nienor that she and Turin are brother and sister. Nienor drowns herself in the River Teiglin. When Turin hears the full story, he kills himself by falling on the point of his sword Anglachel. The Elves of Doriath build a grave mound honoring Turin as Glaurung's Bane. 499    Morgoth releases Hurin after 28 years. Shunned by his own people in Hithlum as a servant of Morgoth, Hurin finds Morwen dying on Turin's grave mound but withholds from her the manner of his and his sister's death.
 500    Hurin seeks vengeance on all who have injured his family; kills Mim in Nargothrond; selects from Glaurung's treasure only Nauglamir, the Necklace of the Dwarves; caustically gives it to Thingol for "safekeeping" his family; casts himself into the Sea. Birth of Dior's twin sons Elured and Elurin. 502    Dwarves kill Thingol; are themselves killed by Doriath's Elves, all save two. Melian, at her husband's death, withdraws her protecting Girdle and returns to Valinor.Tuor marries Idril Celebrindal, Turgon's daughter, after seven years in Gondolin. 503    Nogrod sends an army of Dwarves to Doriath. Entering Menegroth, Dwarves win a bloody battle with the Elves there.Eärendil, Tuor & Idril's son, is born in Gondolin. Elwing, Dior's daughter is born in Ossiriand 504    Dwarves march eastward with Nauglamir and its Silmaril; are ambushed by Green-elves of Ossiriand led by Beren, who takes the necklace home to Tol Galen for Luthien to wear. Ents kill all the Dwarves who survive the ambush. 505    Dior, son of Beren and Luthien, succeeds to the throne of Doriath. Beren and Luthien die; go together, like others of the race of Men, to a future beyond the World, having sent the Silmaril to Dior. 506    The seven Sons of Fëanor attack Dior to recover the Silmaril; kill Dior and most of his people in a second Kinslaying. Celegorm, Curufin, and Caranthir are slain. Elwing, Dior's daughter, escapes with the Silmaril to the Mouths of Sirion.
 510    Morgoth surprises and overthrows Gondolin,aided by treacherous information from Maeglin. King Turgon and Maeglin perish.Glorfindel slays a Balrog in the Encircling Mountains, and is himself slain.Tuor leads Idril, Eärendil, and the other survivors safely through perils to the Mouths of Sirion. 525    Tuor, feeling old, sails with Idril into the West,in the ship Eärrámë never to return; nor is their fate known. Yet, it has been sung that Tuor was numbered among the Elder race and was sundered from the Fate of Men. Eärendil becomes ruler of the remnants of Doriath and Gondolin gathered at Sirion's Mouths; marries Elwing. Elros and Elrond (the Peredhil)are the sons of this marriage 528    Eärendil ventures far into the Western Sea in his ship Vingilot, hoping to reach Valinor with a plea for help against Morgoth; is baffled without the Silmaril, which remains with Elwing. Elros and Elrond are born.
 534    The four remaining sons of Fëanor, seeking the Silmaril, swoop down upon the fugitives near Sirion; kill many. Two sons,Amrod and Amras, perish. Elwing escapes with the Silmaril by throwing herself into the Sea. Elros and Elrond are taken captive by Maglor and Maedros in the battle. Ulmo gives Elwing the wings of a seabird, and she flies to Vingilot. Lighted by the Silmaril, Eärendil is able to reach Valinor. Before the assembled Valar he is granted the pardon, pity, and help for Elves and Men he pleads for. Manwë decrees that all the Half-elven shall be given the choice of becoming either wholly Elves or wholly Men. Elwing choosing to be wholly Elven; Eärendil for her sake chooses the same. Vingilot is hallowed and lifted up into the sky, steered forever by Eärendil wearing the Silmaril on his brow: the Morning and Evening Star (Venus)  536.
(533 - 597)   -     The War of Wrath

 Eärendil throws down the new race of flying Dragons sent against him by Morgoth in the War of Wrath launched at last by the Valar and the Elves faithful to them. Morgoth is seized, bound, and thrust out into the Void in permanent exile. The whole of Beleriand, right up to the Ered Luin mountains, is overrun by the Sea. Many Elves take ship for the Undying Lands; others prefer to cross the mountains and dwell on the wide continent of Middle-earth lying behind it. The two remaining Silmarils taken from Morgoth and entrusted to Manwë's herald, Eönwë, are seized by Maedhros and Maglor. The Silmarils so burn the brothers that they realize their forfeiture, by their crimes, of any right to possess the Jewels. Maedhros despairingly throws himself and his Silmaril into a fiery crevice in the Earth. Maglor pitches his Silmaril far out into the Great Sea. Ever after, the Minstrel wanders alone on the shore singing songs of sad remorse. He never returns to Valinor.

### Footnotes

 [1] Source - Morgoth's Ring (Book Ten of the History of Middle-Earth) by Christopher Tolkien Houghton Mifflin 1993 [3] The inland Sea of Helcar was created from where Illuin fell. This is the inland sea in the east of ancient Middle-earth, on the eastern shores of which lay Cuiviénen. Oromë led the Elves of the Great Journey around the northern end of this sea as they set out for Valinor. [4] Note that the notation of years refers to the time from the creation of the Two Trees

### Sources of Information

 The History of Middle-Earth: Volume X Morgoth's Ring by Christopher Tolkien Houghton Mifflin 1993 The History of Middle-Earth: Volume XI The War of the Jewels by Christopher Tolkien Houghton Mifflin 1994 The History of Middle-Earth: Volume XII The Peoples of Middle-Earth by Christopher Tolkien Houghton Mifflin 1996 A Reader's Guide to the Silmarillion by Paul H. Kocher Houghton Mifflin 1980