Mike Lenz

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1930 Census
The National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) has another new 1930 Federal census related microfilm publication that you may be interested in. It is publication # M1931, Index to Selected City Streets and Enumeration Districts, 1930 Census. The entire set consists of 7 rolls of microfilm. Make a note to ask your genealogy library or LDS Family History Center administrators how you may access the film after the 1930 census' public release on April 1, 2002 . The rolls contain the following states' information to assist you in identifying the correct enumeration district to search:
Roll 1 -
Arizona , California (part)
Roll 2 -
California (part), Colorado , District of Columbia , Florida , Georgia .
Roll 3 - Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Maryland
Roll 4 - Michigan, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York (part)
Roll 5 - New York (part), North Carolina (part)
Roll 6 - North Carolina (part), Ohio (part)
Roll 7 - Ohio (part), Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia.
Learn more about the 1930 federal census and this microfilm publication at the link below.

http://1930census.archives.gov/

Adoption Records
Some of the most difficult research to conduct is in the area of adopted ancestors. Because adoption records have been sealed to protect the privacy of the natural or birth parents, access can be all but impossible. Petitioning a court on the basis of genealogical "need-to-know" is seldom effective. There are numerous Web sites focusing on the issue and processes that can be helpful. One of the best for genealogists is Genealogy Today's "Resources for Individuals Seeking Birth Parents" at http://genealogytoday.com/adoption/index.html . Their free database to help adoptees locate birth parents is a helpful facility, but the list of Helpful Research Sites and the message boards are among the best online.

Ancestry Historical Newspaper Collection
Ancestry.com, the leader in online genealogical database content, has announced the launch of the Ancestry Historical Newspaper Collection. The collection opened with one hundred thousand historical pages from newspapers in New York City between 1851 and 1866, Fort Wayne, Indiana, in 1861 and various years from 1905-1921, and a number of Nevada newspapers published between 1875 and 1923. Ancestry.com's commitment is to add one thousand pages per working day to keep the collection growing. With over 50 million pages slated to be posted, Ancestry.com's Historical Newspaper Collection subscribers will soon have access to the largest collection of historical newspapers ever assembled. http://www.ancestry.com/subscribe/subscribeplanstx_v5.asp

Archdiocesan Archives - New Orleans , Louisiana
Louisiana has a strong Catholic background dating from French Colonial times. The present Archdiocese of New Orleans includes the eight civil parishes in the greater New Orleans area: Jefferson; Orleans; Plaquemines; St. Bernard; St. Charles; St. John, St. Tammany; and Washington. The Web site for the Archdiocesan Archives provides online access to information about four major areas of their collection: historical research materials; genealogically significant sacramental, cemetery and orphanage records; publications including sacramental records and other historical publications; and details about its extensive preservation program. In addition to housing materials for the eight civil parishes, the archives also holds Louisiana-wide material from earlier periods when the archdiocesan boundaries included all or most of the state. Louisiana researchers should not overlook this rich collection of historically and genealogically important materials. http://www.archdiocese-no.org/archives/

Around That Time ...
When you locate a family obituary in a newspaper, it can be helpful to scan the entire paper for two to three days before and after the issue in which the obituary was printed. Sometimes a person may have died as a result of some newsworthy event, and decorum dictated that the cause of death not be included in the actual obituary. I found an obituary for the second wife of a great-uncle, and the item seemed quite ordinary. By going back one day in the paper, however, I learned that the woman had been poisoned and that her only daughter had been arrested for the crime. Subsequent research revealed a host of family details that were released during the ensuing trial, including names and vital dates for my great-uncle and his parents.

Association of Professional Genealogists
"If you are a practicing genealogist, wish to become one, or otherwise are interested in the profession of genealogy, we invite you to join the Association of Professional Genealogists (APG)." So begins the text at APG's Web site. As a genealogist or family historian perhaps considering turning your hobby (or addiction) into a profession, you may want to consider joining APG. The APG Quarterly presents articles and ideas to help you expand your knowledge of professional genealogy, and as a member you receive a copy of the member directory containing names and contact information of others who you may engage for research or with whom you can network. Check the APG Web site for complete information about the organization. http://www.apgen.org/

CensusScope
If you are interested in the Federal census and the changes reflected in the year 2000 enumeration, and back to 1960, you will be interested in CensusScope, a product of the Science Data Analysis Network. Information on different ethnic populations, marital status, and distributions across the U.S. are presented in graphic and statistical views. Charts, maps, rankings, and statistical variations are available for a wide array of variables. As you begin evaluating your current position in history and comparing it with your ancestors' places, CensusScope can provide an interesting comparison point. You may also want to compare 2000 year information with previous decades at the U.S. Census Bureau's site. http://www.censusscope.org/

City Directories of the United States of America
As we discussed day before yesterday, city directories can provide vital pointers to other record types that help bring down your research brick walls. A likely place to locate city directories is the public library system in the place in which your ancestors lived. However, the City Directories of the United States of America Web site provides an important place to look for specific directories. You can select a state and a list of primary cities will be displayed. Select and click a link, and a list of available years' directories, locations where copies may reside, whether they are available on microfilm, and in some cases you may be able to order lookups/copies. This is an invaluable service, especially when local libraries have not retained a copy of the original directories. Also at this Web site are information about census records and other helpful resources to help you with your directory research. http://www.uscitydirectories.com/

DAR Patriot Lookup Service
If you are considering joining the Daughters of the American Revolution or the Sons of the American Revolution, you may want to determine if your ancestor has already been documented in the DAR Patriot Index. The DAR provides a Patriot Lookup Service at its Web site. If you are interested in knowing whether your ancestor is recognized by the DAR as a Revolutionary Patriot, you can click on a link at their Web site, complete an online form, and one of the DAR volunteers will check for you at no charge. http://www.dar.org/cgi-bin/natsociety/pi_lookup.cfm

Directory of Genealogy-Related Forums
If you want to discuss genealogy with other people sharing your interest, GenTalk.org has created a Web site that acts as a gateway for you to find discussion groups. The site has three categories of forum links: state/country, surname, and topics (which includes cemeteries, obituaries, surname origins, societies, and photos). Select a category and you will be presented with a list of forums and mailing lists. The links will take you all over the Web, but this is an excellent starting point to locate old, familiar sites and many new ones. http://www.gentalk.org/

Directory of Glossaries
We often encounter words in our genealogy research that are unfamiliar or have a specific connotation for a genealogical context. Xlation has a directory of almost 1700 glossaries that may be useful in your family history research and in other areas as well. This simple page provides pull-down menus for choosing glossaries by topic or by language. Listings include the language of the glossary, glossary title, date the material was last checked, and sometimes additional details.

Directory of Irish Genealogy
Persons with Irish ancestors will appreciate the directory of Irish genealogy Web site. First published in 1990 and online since 1998, the directory contains an excellent collection of materials to further your research. The Beginner's Guide is an introduction to Irish genealogy research with guidance to reference and general sources of all types. The Register of Irish Emigrants helps fill some gaps in records, and there are several informative articles, book reviews, and a collection of other Web helpful links. http://homepage.tinet.ie/~seanjmurphy/dir/index.htm

DoHistory: Piecing Fragments Into a Story
A huge challenge for family history researchers is piecing together the fragments of information left behind by our ancestors into a coherent and meaningful story. One Web site that can help you do just that is DoHistory. Regardless of whether you are compiling records for a pedigree chart, tracing ancestral descent for a heritage or lineage society, or in the process of writing a biography, the site provides an excellent study of the framework you can employ to construct a strong picture of your ancestor or family. Using Martha Ballard, whose diaries covered the last 27 years of her 77-year life, the site illustrates how an excellent picture of an ancestor can be created. Great site! http://www.dohistory.org/

Finding Scottish Ancestors by Getting Rid of the Mc or Mac
If you have ancestors of Scottish descent whose surnames begin with 'Mc' and 'Mac', such as McKnitt and MacTavish, you may find them suspiciously absent in records where you are almost positive they should be appearing. Sometimes the Mc or Mac may have been omitted by the person making the record or the record may have been misfiled under the second half of the name. Look in the records for both the full name and for the shortened version of the name. Learning to misspell and fracture your ancestors' surnames can sometimes help you find those missing links.

Freedmen's Bureau Online
On 3 March 1865 , the War Department of the U.S. government established the Freedmen's Bureau. Its purpose was to supervise and coordinate relief and educational efforts for freed slaves, refugees and other individuals. It provided food, clothing and other essentials to many. Its records were filed with the central agencies and reported on conditions and benefits delivered. The Freedmen's Bureau was abolished on 30 June 1872 , and its successor became the Freedmen's Branch of the Adjutant General's Office. A vast collection of information concerning the Freedmen's Bureau is available at the Freedman's Bureau Online Web site at http://www.freedmensbureau.com/ . Here you will find history, links to records, and resources to assist in your research in the records created and maintained by this organization.

Freedom of Information Act Requests
Members of the public can get documents from Federal agencies based on the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA). The FOIA was established to make the Federal government accountable to the public for its actions, and prevents agencies from having secret policies. The Social Security Administration has produced a guide to the records it maintains and describes the process for making a Freedom of Information Act request for records which might be of help in pursuing your genealogical research. The process, the time period expectations, and the fee structure are all discussed at this site at http://www.ssa.gov/foia/foia_guide.htm

FreeREG

The FreeREG Project's objective is to provide free Internet searches of baptism, marriage and burial records, which have been transcribed from parish and non-conformist church registers in the United Kingdom . http://www.myfree.com/r/NPL/NPL0108.asp

Genealogy and Copyright Law
Many people erroneously believe that just because something is on the Internet, it is fair game to use. Many genealogists also erroneously believe that the data they have gleaned from public records and compiled into pedigree charts, family group sheets and other standard format genealogy formats is copyrighted. Both are incorrect assumptions, but the issue is often not clear and straightforward. If you are considering publishing any genealogical material, or have been challenged by another genealogist for posting data to which he or she thinks they own a copyright, you will want to refer to two online references. The article titled "U.S. Copyright and Genealogy" offers an excellent overview on the subject. The definitive reference point is the Library of Congress' U.S. Copyright Office Web site at http://www.loc.gov/copyright/. When in doubt, consult a legal representative.

Genealogy Research in Vital Records

A guide to genealogy research in birth, marriage, death, divorce and adoption records around the world including what you will learn, where to find them and tips for getting the info you need. http://www.myfree.com/r/NPL/NPL0105.asp

GenWed.com
Genealogists are always searching for marriage records for their ancestors. One Web site that makes this process easier is GenWed.com. This site is " focused on marriage records, which are a great resource for finding other genealogical records and documents. They can lead to newspaper announcements, county records, and sometimes church records that give little clues and details about the daily lives of our ancestors." This is a new and growing site, so check it now and check back often for new additions. http://www.genwed.com/

German Roots - Resources for German Genealogy on the Internet

http://home.att.net/~wee-monster/index.html

History Toolkit
The History Toolkit Web site consists of short essays designed to help the beginning historian conduct and organize his or her own historical research. Essays marked with a page icon include forms you can print and use in your own research. Important topics include how to use primary sources, how to read 18th Century writing, a step-by-step to collecting and recording oral history, how to read probate records and deeds, and many more great how-to articles. Excellent content abounds here to help you build your own toolkit of knowledge. http://www.dohistory.org/on_your_own/toolkit/index.html

How to Restore Your Own Family Photographs
Most of us have a collection of old photographs that are part of our family's photographic heritage. Seeing the images of our ancestors and the places they lived and visited can often provide excellent insights and clues about them. If some of your old photographs are in need of restoration or preservation, the ScreenGenes Web site provide excellent instructions for preservation, as well as a primer on scanning and working with digital images of your family's photos. http://www.screengenes.com/

Internment.net and its Cemetery Record Lookup
Interment.net offers over 2,800,000 cemetery records from over 5,400 cemeteries all over the world. The front page is set up like a searchable subject index with geographical areas as categories. You can select a category and a further breakdown by area will be displayed. Cemetery information shown includes the address as well as the latitude and longitude. Burial record information includes the person's name and the date of death. Occasionally other information is included, primarily taken from tombstone inscriptions but occasionally data is supplied by contributors. http://www.interment.net/

Illinois Death Certificates
The Illinois State Archives has made available at its Web site a database of the state's death certificates issued between 1916 and 1950. The database is searchable by surname (required) and additional options are by first and middle name to fine-tune the search. The site also contains descriptions of what contents on the death certificate you can expect to find and instructions on how to obtain copies. The U.S. genealogy community believes this database to be the model for all states, assuming the respective state legislatures do not seal these records in future. Researchers with Illinois ancestors and family members will be very pleased with this new online resource. http://www.cyberdriveillinois.com/departments/archives/idphdeathindex.html

Illinois Statewide Marriage Index
If you're researching marriages in Illinois between 1763 and 1900, check out the Illinois Secretary of State's Web site. Since 1985, the Illinois State Archives has teamed with the Illinois State Genealogical Society to index Illinois marriages occurring prior to 1901. Today more than one million marriages, or two million names, are included in the Illinois Statewide Marriage Index. You may search by bride name or groom name, and optionally narrow your search to an area of Illinois . Search results include bride name, groom name, county, date, and location of the record. Included is a link with tips for obtaining copies of the marriage record from the Illinois Regional Archives Depository System if IRAD holds marriage records for that county or from the county clerk in the county in which the marriage occurred. http://www.library.sos.state.il.us/departments/archives/marriage.html

Italian Genealogy Homepage
Italian genealogy is a burgeoning hobby, and the resources available on the Internet are expanding. The Italian Genealogy Homepage has been around for some time, but it is important to revisit the site periodically to see the expanded materials available there. These include an excellent introduction to Italian genealogical research, an Italian surname reference, an article about the genealogical research environment in Italy, an Italian surname database of data submitted by researchers, a list of civil records repositories in Italy, and a 'toolbox' of handy reference tools for the Italian genealogical researcher. http://www.italiangenealogy.com/

Italian Surname Databases:

http://www.labo.net/cognomi/genera.html

http://www.eskimo.com/~chance/toc.html

http://www.pubblinet.com/nomi/

http://www.ingeneas.com/free/index.html

http://www.citynet.net/mostwanted/surlinks/surnames.htm           http://italianculture.miningco.com/library/blisc.htm

http://www.surnameweb.org/

http://genealogy.org/~palam/ia_index.htm

http://members.tripod.com/~rosters/index-13.html

http://www.familysearch.org

http://www.italians-world.org/Italy/BancaDatiGb.htm

Label Group Photographs Using Tracing Paper
Use tissue or onionskin typing paper to outline the head and shoulders of all the people in group photographs. Then, number each head, and use your word processor to type up a list of each person, in numerical order. You can cut this to fit beneath the outlines, lay or tape it to the tissue paper and photocopy (or scan) the tissue paper onto plain white paper. You now have an index to all the people in the photograph.

Lasting Links
A new and developing resource for evaluating genealogical products, services, and Web sites is a site called Lasting Links. Lasting Links states that its mission is "to help fill that vacuum by providing access to the most trusted family history services and products on earth and to promote involvement in family history worldwide." Its goal is to bring together and connect users to the leading, customer-rated genealogy providers in one place. There are seven areas of focus: Identify My Ancestors rates and connects you to the leading online Web sites; Professional Help provides links to professional researchers and services; there is a How TO Do Genealogy collection of educational materials and providers; Linking Sites are compilation Web sites that can provide great guidance; Products to Buy links you to genealogical supply vendors; and Reunions and Travel can help in the family reunion service area. Reviews are being developed. http://www.lastinglinks.com/

Library of Congress Genealogy Holdings
The venerable Library of Congress (LOC) in Washington , DC , is often considered to be the repository of every book ever published in the U.S. While this is not true, the collection there is massive, including their Genealogy and Local History materials. If you are considering a research trip there, or just want to search their online catalog, a visit to the LOC's genealogy Web page is a must. Information on the facility, its researcher policies, access to the online catalog, and a guided search for U.S. Civil War regimental histories are among the contents of this excellent Web site. http://www.loc.gov/rr/genealogy/

Library of Congress Web Site (Redesigned)
The venerable Library of Congress is Washington , DC , also is known as an excellent repository of genealogical publications in the U.S. At the American Library Association Conference in Atlanta , it was announced that the site has been completely redesigned. The site is your gateway into the LOC online catalog, from which you may gather information to request photocopies of book indexes and specific pages through Interlibrary Loan. The American Memory Collection and Exhibitions areas provide important historical and genealogical insights. Additionally, the LOC site is the starting point for your access to the U.S. Copyright Office and THOMAS, the U.S. Senate and House information. http://www.loc.gov/

Locating Graphic Images Online
If you are interested in locating images of your ancestors' hometown or other places of historical interest, you might want to consider using the Google search engine's massive graphics search facility. Google, the largest and fastest of all the Internet search engine, has indexed more than 330 million graphical images in Web pages and those not on Web pages but on Internet FTP servers. From Google's main page, click on the Images tab and simply type the name of your ancestors' hometown in quotes. For example, type " Rome , GA " or " Rome , Georgia " and press enter. Certainly not all images will be of genealogical interest, but the results can provide you with a visual tour of the area which may help you understand your ancestors' origins and lives better. http://www.google.com/

‘Lutheran Roots' Genealogy Exchange
If you have Lutheran religious ties in your family tree, the "Lutheran Roots" Genealogy Exchange can provide an online venue for making family genealogical connections. The site is a family name registry and message board for those researching surnames or specific individuals with Lutheran connections. You do not have to be a member to browse the surname registry or to post messages, but you must be a registered user to add or update registry files and data. The site also boasts an extensive collection of Web Site Channels to related sites of Lutheran interest. http://www.aal.org/LutheransOnline/Gene_Ex/

Microfilm Rental
While your library may not have microfilm of the Federal censuses you want to view, that does not mean you cannot gain access to it. Your library may be able to help you rent microfilm for a one-month period from Heritage Quest. Not only are U.S. Federal censuses available, but the Heritage Quest catalog includes Canadian census, some military records, Native American records, African American records, Soundex and Miracode, ships' passenger lists, and other materials. Typical rental cost for a roll of microfilm is $3.50, plus other nominal charges. Check with your library to determine if they can help you with this rental program.

Migration Resource Centers
The Migration Resource Centers are fee-based Web sites at Genealogy Resources at http://www.genealogyresources.net/ . There are centers for English, Irish, and German migrations, with others for Italy and Spain planned. These sites were founded to encourage the exchange of genealogical information between researchers looking for their ancestors. The site covers worldwide migration, not just that to the United States, and covers an extensive time frame, as in the case of the Irish center, whose time period covers from 1600-1950. You may submit queries for free, but you must subscribe to search the query databases.

Missouri State Archives and New WWI Service Cards
The State of Missouri 's State Archives has been a leader since 1965 when it was created and was officially designated repository for all state records of permanent value. It's mission is "Its mission is to identify, collect, preserve, and make available to elected officials, state government, historians, students, genealogists, and the general public, the permanent and historically valuable records of Missouri's state and local governments. Among its holdings are documents relating to French and Spanish colonial rule, the New Madrid Earthquakes, Supreme Court case files, the Civil War, Frank and Jesse James, and Harry S. Truman. A new database of WWI Service Cards has been placed online and is easily searchable. These long-overlooked records may be the very door opener you need, but the entire site is well worth your visit. http://www.sos.state.mo.us/archives/

Missouri , State of - Online WWI Service Records Online
The State of Missouri has made available online a database of WWI Service Record. It contains more than over 145,000 cards of Army and Marine personnel from Missouri between 1917 and 1919, with plans to add records of over 18,000 Navy personnel. The database is fully searchable, and can be searched by entering all or part of a name. (It is recommended to enter just the last name.) The 4 x 6 service cards include: name, serial number, race, residence, place and date of enlistment, place of birth, age or date of birth, rank, wounds or other injuries, dates of overseas service, and date of discharge. http://www.sos.state.mo.us/archives/ww1/default.asp

National Burial Index

This is an ongoing project of the Federation of Family History Societies, and the initial CD was issued earlier this year. Countless volunteers, coordinated through local family history societies, input the information. There are about five million names from 1538 to 2000, and coming from most of England and somewhat less than half of Wales . http://www.ffhs.org.uk/

National Library of Scotland Map Collection
The National Library of Scotland boasts one of the Web's ten largest collections of online cartographic images. There are three categories. Maps of Scotland 1560-1769 contains more than 300 maps, searchable by location, keyword and/or date, with images in multiple sizes and the fully navigable. Pont's Maps of Scotland can be searched by keyword or browsed and contain a tremendous amount of detail. Finally, the Military Maps of Scotland of the 18th Century are searchable by location, battle, clan, roads, and other criteria. This is an impressive collection for studying your Scottish ancestors' family home. http://www.nls.uk/maps/

National Obituary Archive
If you are searching the Internet for an obituary, the National Obituary (NOA) may be just the place to start. Boasting over 56 million entries, you can search by first and last name, location, and date and date range to refine a tight search. The result will provide dates of birth and death, locations, and some textual descriptions. The source of much of the information is the Social Security Administration, but the actual online obituary link may also be available from a link at the site. http://www.searchbug.com/peoplefinder/graves4.asp

Nevada Archival Records
Nevada is one of the fastest growing states in the U.S. , and this is not a new phenomenon. Its history is rich with stories of growth and adventure during the days of silver mining and other prospecting, and ranching has been a growing concern over the centuries. The State of Nevada has made some of its archival records available online and describes its other holdings in detail at its Department of Cultural Affairs Web site. Visit the sites for more details about Nevada 's territorial and state's history, and your Nevada ancestral heritage. http://dmla.clan.lib.nv.us/docs/nsla/archives/archival-rec.htm

New National Archives Web Site
The venerable National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) has completely redesigned its Web site. The new Web address is http://www.archives.gov. The index on the left side of the page can be helpful, but the "Where Is? How Do I " drop-down box on the upper right is terrific to. The information has been reorganized a bit and is more logically grouped, but the same excellent NARA materials are there to support your research on-site or remotely. Another excellent improvement is the availability of printer friendly pages. Bravo to NARA ! http://www.archives.gov/

North Carolina Genealogical Resources
Researchers with ancestral ties to North Carolina will want to visit the North Carolina State Library's genealogy Web page. The site contains essential information about the state's resources, a table detailing the development history of counties and their origins, a collection called Tar Heel tracks with information specific to tracing NC ancestors, and a collection of excellent links to other Web-based resources for North Carolina ancestral research. Bibliographic references and other useful print resources are included as complements to the Web-based site. http://statelibrary.dcr.state.nc.us/iss/gr/genealog.htm

Obituary Daily Times
If you are interested in obituaries, the Obituary Daily Times is a daily index of published obituaries across the world. Hosted by Rootsweb.com, you can subscribe to the mailing list for the Obituary Daily Times and receive one or two E-mails daily, usually up to 2,500 obituary line listings total. If you prefer not to join the mailing list, you may still search the database at any time. You can learn more about the mailing list and search the database at the Obituary Daily Times Web site.

Ohio Memory Online Scrapbook
The State of Ohio has compiled an impressive collection of historical materials and introduced them online in March. The Web site is part of the commemoration of Ohio 's bicentennial, which will be celebrated in 2003. You may either search for items using the embedded search engine or browse the entire site by category. Ohio 's citizenship, people, environment, economy and culture are featured categories, with subcategories that are sure to be of interest to genealogical researchers with ancestral ties to the state. http://www.ohiomemory.org/

Olive Tree Genealogy Site
The Olive Tree Genealogy Web site has been around for half a dozen years, and continues to grow. All of the information in its databases is free to access, and includes U.S. , Canadian, and other groups' genealogical materials. The collection of military information is impressive in itself, as it that of the ships passenger lists. Although the site is somewhat busy in appearance, there are some very good resources to be found there. http://olivetreegenealogy.com/

Online Genealogy Warehouse for Discounted Books
Genealogical.com, a subsidiary of Genealogical Publishing Company and the Clearfield Company, has recently moved several hundred of their publications into a new online Genealogy Warehouse where books are discounted by at least 40 percent, and often sometimes more. The prices are reduced permanently, not just for a short time on sale. The titles cover the U.S. from colonial times forward, England and the U.K. , European areas, methodologies, and many histories. You will want to check here periodically for some excellent values on some popular and obscure reference books to supplement your personal collection. http://www.genealogical.com/warehouse.cfm

Online Newsletters and Columns
Check the "Magazines, Journals , Columns & Newsletters" Web page at Cyndi's List at the link at the bottom of today's tip. Continue your self-education and become more knowledgeable every day. Genealogical research is a fascinating odyssey, and one that can last a lifetime. I wish you continued Happy Hunting! http://www.cyndislist.com/magazine.htm

Organize and Update Bookmarks and Favorite Places
You can save a great deal of time by making bookmarks or Favorite places in your preferred Web browser. However, if you just keep adding new Web sites to the collection, you are sure to get lost or overwhelmed by them at some point. Invest some time in creating a Genealogy category and then subcategories into which you can move and re-file your bookmarks. Some of the categories might include: Civil War Sites, Census Resources, Maps & Gazetteers, Churches, Cemeteries and Obituaries, Charts & Forms, Libraries and Archives, and How-To Resources, among others. You might even create categories by the surnames you are researching and file links to message boards and people's personal Web pages so you can easily return to them. Get organized!

Origins.net
An interesting site is Origins.net, which provides access into English, Scottish, and Irish databases. The English Origins database has been created in association with the Society of Genealogists; the Scots Origins in association with the General Register Office for Scotland ; and the new Irish Origins indexes literally thousands of Web sites. While the Irish portion is free (for now), the English and Scots Origins databases are available for access for a cost #6 (approximately $8.50) for 150 credits, which are valid over 48 consecutive hours. A currency converter is available online. http://www.origins.net/

Photograph Cemetery Landmarks
The natural landmarks we recognize in cemeteries today may not be there tomorrow. These include trees, shrubbery, lakes, ponds, and other plantings. In addition, fences and walls may be added or removed, and other man-made structures may no longer be there. When you photograph ancestors' graves in a cemetery, consider taking a distance shot to show the gravesite in relation to other permanent structures, such as nearby houses, the cemetery entrance, and larger, more prominent markers. These photos can help you and your descendants locate the gravesite more easily in the years and decades ahead.

Portals To The World
Portals to the World is another Library of Congress Web site which contains selective links providing authoritative, in-depth information about a number of nations and other areas of the world. They are arranged by country or area with the links for each sorted into a wide range of broad categories. The links were selected by Area Specialists and other Library staff using Library of Congress selection criteria. When completed, the project will include all the nations of the world. In the meantime, the site can provide you with an impressive set of historical, geographical, statistical and other data to expand your knowledge of the places of origin of your ancestors. http://www.loc.gov/rr/international/portals.html

Prepare for the Arrival of 1930 Census Microfilm
You can get ready for your work with the 1930 Federal census population schedule microfilm by determining in advance the correct enumeration district to check. If you can consult a telephone book or city directory from 1930 or shortly before, you can locate your ancestors' address. Then, by gaining access to the Enumeration District (ED) microfilm released earlier this year, you can get a jump on your research by homing in on the district in which your ancestors would have been counted.

Preserve Your 35mm Slides
Your family's precious treasure trove of 35mm slides should not be ignored. While you may be working to catalog and preserve the family photographs, the slides may be languishing and deteriorating. They need to be checked for damage from acidic conditions, heat and humidity. They can be remounted in new mounts or scanned to computer files, which can then be transferred to disk or burned onto CD-ROM. You might also consider having a professional convert them to or copy them to videotape or create a self-playing DVD. These slide treasures are as important as other family photographic treasures. Don't forget them.

Protect Your Old Family Tintypes
The old tintypes from the 19th Century are wonderful images of the past. They were tremendously popular among Civil War soldiers, and may provide the only image of an ancestor who died in the conflict. They also were the rage among the ordinary people who admired well-to-do people's ability to afford painted portraits. Tintypes are highly light-sensitive, however, and prolonged exposure can cause them to continue 'developing.' Over time, they will turn completely black. Even scanning the tintype can damage it. You can have a professional photographer take a picture of the tintype and make a contemporary print for you, which is much more stable. Then you can store the original in a dark, dry, and moderate temperature place for posterity. And don't forget to label the picture with the ancestor's name.

Questions Asked in the 1930 Census
The questions asked in the 1930 U.S. Federal census reflected the conditions at the time. The U.S. Census Bureau Web site provides an interesting look at that census, and provides a list of all 34 questions asked of respondents. The four new, additional questions asked included: Do you own a radio set? What is the value of your home, if owned, or monthly rental, if rented? What was your age at at the time of your first marriage? Are you a veteran? Visit the Census Bureau Web site for a complete list of the 34 questions. http://www.census.gov/pubinfo/www/1930facts.html

ScottishDocuments.com
ScottishDocuments.com has made available on the Web a site at which you can conduct research using a searchable index of over 300,000 names in Scottish wills from 1500-1875. Both a simple search (using only forename (given name) and surname) or an advanced search (using forename, surname, date range, and/or occupation) are available. Future plans include providing the ability to purchase digital copies of the wills from the site, but that option is currently not available. Other research tools at the site include handwriting hints and lists of famous Scots. http://www.scottishdocuments.com/content/default.asp

SearchSystems.net
If you are looking for online access to public records on the Internet, SearchSystems.net will be a welcome addition to your online toolkit. The site claims to have more than 7700 FREE searchable public records databases. It includes the U.S. , Canada , and some worldwide resources as well. The site is browsable and also contains a site search facility. Included are all types of public databases, including some of interest to genealogical researchers. It's a site you will want to check out. http://www.searchsystems.net/

Sons of Confederate Veterans
The Sons of Confederate Veterans is an organization whose goal is to preserve history. In particular, they believe it is important to do so in order that "future generations can understand the motives that animated the Southern Cause." The group is a membership society open to male descendants of Confederate soldiers, and is a direct heir to the original United Confederate Veterans. As such, the group can point researchers to research resources in particular areas and may, in rare instances, help you locate UCV records if they still exist. You can learn more at their Web site at http://www.scv.org/.

Start a Family Mailing List
One way to promote the sharing of family stories is to start your own private family mailing list. Compile the E-mail addresses of all the family members who have access to email and publish the whole list to everyone. Then, send an email to everyone asking the question, "What is the one trait or story you remember most about Aunt Mary?" Start with your own account to get the discussion started, and then make copies of the stories you receive. Incorporate the information into your genealogical research with a source citation of who it came from and when. Use these stories as pointers to possible published sources.

South Suburban Genealogical and Historical Society (South Holland, Illinois)

http://www.rootsweb.com/~ssghs/

Swiss Genealogy Resources
Persons tracing their ancestry to Switzerland will be interested in the "Swiss Genealogy on the Internet" Web site. The all-volunteer program has produced what at first appears to be a tiny Web page. However, clicking on the links will lead you to a wealth of general resource topics, including Swiss research "how-to" materials, Swiss surname directories, Swiss history, and listings of all localities of any given Canton , for which sources have been filmed by LDS. A table of the Cantons is well-done, in English, German, French and Italian, with a huge abundance of additional links and contact information. Another collection of resources is the list of links to genealogical societies. This site is the definitive Swiss genealogical resource on the Internet. http://www.eye.ch/swissgen/schweiz-en.html

Tennessee Place Names and Post Offices
Online place name dictionaries and maps are important reference resources for genealogists. The Tennessee State Archives Web site has compiled a list of post offices in the state, along with their dates of operation, which may be of assistance in locating unincorporated places, places which no longer exist, and places whose names changed. This list is based on records at National Archives listing postmaster appointments from 1832 to 1971. The name of the place, the county in which it was located at its time of operation, and its opening and closing date are listed. This is an excellent online gazetteer for the researcher with Tennessee roots. http://www.state.tn.us/sos/statelib/pubsvs/postoff.htm

The Computerized Ancestor
The Computerized Ancestor Web site is an Internet database furnished by Yates Publishing, which indexes over 800,000 family group sheets submitted over the years to the Family Group Sheet Exchange. There are several search options available. You can search documents by husband's surname or wife's maiden name. A search by surname is available, and you also can search by author name. Using the search results, you can potentially contact the author or order a copy of the family group sheet from Yates Publishing. http://www.sanbachs.net/cdi.html

The Government Guide: Census
America Online has created the Government Guide: Government Services Made Easy. In one of its sub-collections on the Web, there is a group of materials concerning census materials. This collection includes a glossary of census terms, contemporary and historical census information and statistics, and links to a number of official U.S. governmental sites where you can learn copious amounts of information about the censuses. Of especial interest, though, is the link to the United States Historical Census Data Browser. The data presented describe the people and the economy for each state and county from 1790 through 1960. Once in the site, you can select a year. Then, follow the instructions for Mac or PC to click and select criteria in various categories, and then click on the Browse button at the bottom of the screen. The facility allows you to "slice and dice" data to learn more about the country.

The Internet Public Library
The Internet Public Library has, for a number of years, been a first-stop site for information resources for librarians and researchers alike. Their redesigned Web site which debuted in June has organized their materials for easier use. Of especial interest to genealogists are the Newspapers online, which is the largest collection of links to online newspapers anywhere on the Web, organized geographically for easy access. The Associations on the Net can help you locate unions to which your ancestors may have belonged, as well as fraternal and religious organizations. The Almanacs, Biographies, Calendars, Dictionaries, Encyclopedias, and Geography links are a treasure trove too. And there are links for Style & Writing Guides to help you with writing that family history and/or citing your sources. Great site!

The Mayflower Web Pages
If you had ancestors who arrived in North America on the Mayflower, you will find Caleb Johnson's "Mayflower Web Pages" fascinating. The site contains the passenger list from the famed 1620 voyage, as well documents concerning the ship, known wills and estate inventories of the original Pilgrims, full texts of Pilgrim writings, many historical documentaries, genealogical and social resources, links to museums and archives covering Plymouth/Plimoth, and a list of professional researchers for hire. An excellent compendium of materials will be found here, despite the use of the Frames page format. http://members.aol.com/calebj/mayflower.html

Underground Railroad Archives To Be Made Available Online
A new agreement between University of Cincinnati University Libraries and the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center will create a library of valuable history about the Underground Railroad. According to a press release on May 19, 2002 , "the digital library will hold Underground Railroad archival collections, such as oral history interviews with Underground Railroad participants, maps, articles, photographs, and annotated correspondence. University Libraries will add the bibliographic records for these collections to their online catalog." Researchers will have access to this important collection online. http://www.uc.edu/news/undrr.htm

United Daughters of the Confederacy
The United Daughters of the Confederacy was formed in 1894, an outgrowth of the many local and regional groups supporting the Confederate veterans following the U.S. Civil War. Some of its roles were to honor these veterans, provide volunteer services to veterans' homes, and to commemorate the Confederate dead by placing monuments and maintaining cemeteries. They were also responsible for the creation and award of the Confederate Cross of Honor medals to Confederate veterans. The society still exists with many of the same goals as in previous years, however, they can help point you toward records that may still exist for Confederate soldiers and, in some cases, to records of their local chapters. Visit their Web site at http://www.hqudc.org/

U.S. Census Extraction Forms Online
With the release of the 1930 U.S. Federal census this month, there is a renewal of interest in working with all types of census records. Ancestry.com has long made a number of forms available online for free. They recently have added an extraction for the 1930 census. That form and others for the 1790 through 1920 census are available at their Web site, along with an Ancestral Chart, Research Calendar, Research Extract, Correspondence Record, Family Group Sheet, and a Source Summary. All forms are free and only require the use of the free Adobe Acrobat Reader software in order to view and print the form files. http://www.ancestry.com/save/charts/census.htm

Virginia Civil War Home Page
Another virtual repository of Civil War information on the Web is created and maintained by Jeff Weaver, whose Virginia Civil War Home Page contains a substantial number of Confederate information resources. The Virginia Confederate Pension Rolls provides digital images of actual roll cards. The lists of military units include a number of links to Web pages, and a separate Information by County or City organizes military units by their place or origin and by name. The link to Confederate Navy Sources actually takes you to the Index of Civil War Naval Forces - Confederate and Union Ships, an excellent collection of materials. http://members.aol.com/jweaver300/grayson/vacwhp.htm

Voter Registration Records
Many counties and municipalities maintain their voter registration records for extended periods of time. While censuses were taken every ten years, a voter registration roll may provide verification in those years in-between to help you verify that your ancestor may have been in an area. It also is helpful to do a little preliminary research into the voting laws at the time. If your ancestor was on a voter roll and the voter residency requirement at the time was one year, that knowledge can verify that your ancestor was in a location for at least that long. By the same token, if a decennial census record shows your ancestor at a location and not on the voter roll, it could indicate that he may have been a newer arrival and had not been there long enough to meet the residency requirement.