Many Pennsylvania Dutch, but definitely not all, are descendants of refugees from the Palatinate of the Rhine. For example, most Amish and Mennonite came to the Palatinate and surrounding areas from Switzerland, and so their stay in the Palatinate was of limited duration. However, for the majority of the Pennsylvania Dutch, their roots go much further back in the Palatinate. During the War of the Grand Alliance (1689-97), French troops, under King Louis XIV, pillaged the Palatinate, forcing many Germans to flee. The War of the Palatinate (as it was called in Germany), also called the War of Augsburg, began in 1688 as Louis took claim of the Palatinate, and all major cities of Cologne were decimated. By 1697 the war came to a close with the Treaty of Ryswick, and the Palatinate remained free of French control. However, by 1702, the War of the Spanish Succession began lasting until 1713. French expansionism forced many Palatines to flee as refugees.
Mass emigration of Palatines began out of Germany. In the spring of 1709, Queen Anne had granted refuge to about 7,000 Palatines who had sailed the Rhine to Rotterdam. From here about 3,000 were sent to America either directly, or through England, bound for William Pennís colony. The remaining refugees were sent to England to strengthen the Protestant presence in the county. By 1710, large groups of Palatines had sailed from London, the last group of which was bound for New York. There were 3,200 Palatines on 12 ships that sailed for New York and approximately 470 died en route to America. In New York, under the new Governor, Robert Hunter, Palatines worked for British authorities and produced tar and pitch for the Royal Navy in return for their safe pass age. They also served as a buffer between the French and Natives on the frontier and the English colonies. In 1723, some 33 Palatine families, humiliated under Governor Hunterís rule, migrated from Schoharie, NY, to Tupelhocken, Berks County, PA, where other Palatines had settled.
Originally a printed volume. Scanned PDF copies can be found on the internet. (TBA)
Ships passenger lists from a variety of sources including (above) Rupp. Originally a printed volume, parts transcribed and posted on the internet. I have not found the full volume posted as a PDF file. See:
Directory of Online Transcriptions of Palatine Passenger Lists: Palatine German Immigrant Ships to Philadelphia 1727-1808. "This website is a directory of links to online transcriptions of the passenger lists in Pennsylvania German Pioneers by Ralph B. Strassburger and William J. Hinke. Some of the lists may have come from other sources such as the Pennsylvania Archives series or Rupp's A Collection of Upwards of Thirty Thousand Names of German, Swiss, Dutch, French and Other Immigrants to Pennsylvania from 1727 to 1776."
Searchable database supposedly of Strassburger at Ancestry.com. Name search; as of January 2011 free. HOWEVER, as of that time, names I see transcribed on these passenger lists do NOT come up in search results. (This would not be the first mis-represented Ancestry.com database!)
(Need full cite info. - or is it the above publication?) History of the German and Swiss Palatines to America written in 1876 by Daniel Rupp. Includes the fascinating stories of their failed and successful settlements, the agents who recruited them, and dangers faced from the Indians. Many surnames are mentioned.
A lot of useful German/Palatine info. free, including:
Was http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/3955 which was discontinued by Yahoo in October of 2009. The above link points to an archive copy on the Wayback machine which may be missing graphics and other miscellaneous pieces and may not be the latest version, but it can be navigated and shows the essential text. I have not found a new location for this website. Not found on ReoCities.com. Good background about Palatine migration early 1700's.
Mostly links to other sites.
E-Mail to Neal
Main Genealogy page
© Copyright 1997-2011. All rights reserved.