Many Pennsylvania Dutch, but definitely not all, are descendants of refugees from the Palatinate of the Rhine. For example, most Amish and Mennonite came to the Palatinate and surrounding areas from Switzerland, and so their stay in the Palatinate was of limited duration. However, for the majority of the Pennsylvania Dutch, their roots go much further back in the Palatinate. During the War of the Grand Alliance (1689-97), French troops, under King Louis XIV, pillaged the Palatinate, forcing many Germans to flee. The War of the Palatinate (as it was called in Germany), also called the War of Augsburg, began in 1688 as Louis took claim of the Palatinate, and all major cities of Cologne were decimated. By 1697 the war came to a close with the Treaty of Ryswick, and the Palatinate remained free of French control. However, by 1702, the War of the Spanish Succession began lasting until 1713. French expansionism forced many Palatines to flee as refugees.
Mass emigration of Palatines began out of Germany. In the spring of 1709, Queen Anne had granted refuge to about 7,000 Palatines who had sailed the Rhine to Rotterdam. From here about 3,000 were sent to America either directly, or through England, bound for William Pennís colony. The remaining refugees were sent to England to strengthen the Protestant presence in the county. By 1710, large groups of Palatines had sailed from London, the last group of which was bound for New York. There were 3,200 Palatines on 12 ships that sailed for New York and approximately 470 died en route to America. In New York, under the new Governor, Robert Hunter, Palatines worked for British authorities and produced tar and pitch for the Royal Navy in return for their safe pass age. They also served as a buffer between the French and Natives on the frontier and the English colonies. In 1723, some 33 Palatine families, humiliated under Governor Hunterís rule, migrated from Schoharie, NY, to Tupelhocken, Berks County, PA, where other Palatines had settled.
From: Pennsylvania German Pioneers Research Guide
What's the Difference Between the A, B & C Lists?
Some of the lists in Volume 1 of Pennsylvania German Pioneers contain three slightly different versions of the same list. These are labeled A, B & C. List A is the "Captain's List," the passenger list as prepared by the ship captain. Lists B & C are diffe rent versions of the Oath of Allegiance lists (usually the B lists are Oaths of Allegiance to the King and the C lists are Oaths of Abjuration from the Pope). Some of the different versions of each list have not survived. Many have just one or two. There is only one list for each of the ships in Volume 3. Volume 1 contains Lists 1-324 (with some A, B & C variations). Volume 3 contains Lists 325-506. Some of the later lists in Volume 3 also name the women and children as do a few of the earlier lists.
Originally a printed volume. Full book copy online free at: A Collection of upwards of Thirty Thousand Names of German, Swiss, Dutch, French and other Immigrants in Pennsylvania From 1727 to 1776; @ archive.org
"This work is an exhaustive list of mostly German immigrants who arrived in Pennsylvania between 1727 through 1775 and 1786 through 1808. For the approximately 35,000 individuals included here, you'll learn the full name, name of ship, date of arrival, port of origin, and names and ages of family members."The full book is online free in various formats as Names of Foreigners who Took the Oath of Allegiance to the Province and State of Pennsylvania, 1727-1775
Ships passenger lists from a variety of sources including (above) Rupp. Originally a printed volume, parts transcribed and posted on the internet.
Full book copy not available online free. Some lists transcribed online, see later. Original 1934 publication volumes:
Directory of Online Transcriptions of Palatine Passenger Lists: Palatine German Immigrant Ships to Philadelphia 1727-1808. "This website is a directory of links to online transcriptions of the passenger lists in Pennsylvania German Pioneers by Ralph B. Strassburger and William J. Hinke. Some of the lists may have come from other sources such as the Pennsylvania Archives series or Rupp's A Collection of Upwards of Thirty Thousand Names of German, Swiss, Dutch, French and Other Immigrants to Pennsylvania from 1727 to 1776." Since many of these lists are scattered across various websites it was thought that a single directory would be useful to genealogy researchers. More links will be added as they are found."
Searchable database supposedly of Strassburger at Ancestry.com. Name search; as of January 2011 free. HOWEVER, as of that time, names I see transcribed on the above passenger lists do NOT come up in search results. (This would not be the first mis-represented Ancestry.com database!)
Various helpful research information including:
(Need full cite info. - or is it the above publication?) History of the German and Swiss Palatines to America written in 1876 by Daniel Rupp. Includes the fascinating stories of their failed and successful settlements, the agents who recruited them, and dangers faced from the Indians. Many surnames are mentioned.
A lot of useful German/Palatine info. free, including:
Was http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/3955 which was discontinued by Yahoo in October of 2009. The above link points to an archive copy on the Wayback machine which may be missing graphics and other miscellaneous pieces and may not be the latest version, but it can be navigated and shows the essential text. I have not found a new location for this website. Not found on ReoCities.com. Good background about Palatine migration early 1700's.
Mostly links to other sites.
"The Palatine Project is an ongoing effort, using sources from German speaking countries as well as early colonial American sources, to annotate and/or reconstruct the passenger lists of Germans who came to America in the first large wave of emigration in the 18th century.Reconstructed Passenger Lists, 1683-1819
However, BEWARE. This company is now owned by ancestry.com and their motives are probably not benevolent.
E-Mail to Neal
Main Genealogy page
© Copyright 1997-2011. All rights reserved.