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Mattison Home Page

Descendants of
Flisberget Farm, Sørskogbygda Village, Elverum Parish,
Hedmark County, Norway
Beginning with
Mathias Olsen (1727-1804) and
Marthe Pedersdatter (1732-1812)

Scope

Descendants of Flisberget Farm, Sørskogbygda Village, Elverum Parish, Østerdal District (Sør-Østerdal), Hedmark County, Norway. Related families also lived at near-by farms of Risberget, Kyhnberget, Brænden, Holtet and possibly Aker and Gravberget. At least one spouse from Ronningen at Nord-Odal.

Research History

The search for my Norwegian ancestors has been a long one, beginning with knowing nothing more than my grandmother's name, her burial location and vague recollection of names of some distant cousins that I met as a very young child. The search began as a walk in the darkness. I was eventually able to find her parents and siblings in Hixton, Jackson County, Wisconsin in 1880 (census), determine that they immigrated in 1867 (naturalization application) and trace the family within the USA. However, the family's Norwegian origins were a mystery until the 1865 Norwegian census was transcribed and published on the internet. From data in the International Genealogical Index (IGI), Norwegian censuses for 1801 and 1865 , and various USA sources, I was able to assemble a partial portrait and family tree of ancestors and their families. Following the ancestral and patronymic naming was especially interesting. I found that they came from the Flisberget Farm, Elverum Parish, Hedmark County, Norway.

In Norway, it is common for family histories to be recorded and published by farm or locality in books known as "bygdebøker". I was able to borrow two that are listed in bibilographic references for Elverum Parish (see below). All the text was in Norwegian but neither appeared to mention Flisberget Farm or names that were recognizable to me.

Subsequently, I received contacts and some extremely helpful information from researchers in Scandanavia who found my web page. The first was from Bo Hansson of Borlaenge, Sweden who supplied information about the early migration, earliest known ancestor, descendants and settlement of Flisberget which was from research done by him and Trond Baekkevold in Elverum. His primary interest seems to be the history of the Forest Finns or "finnskogen". His information confirmed the lineages that I had assembled, added more children whom I was not able to find, traced the lineage back farther from some local sources and provided very interesting history about the Forest-Finns and the origins in Finland.

In September of 2003, I was informed of the website of the Sør-Østerdal Slektshistorielag (Family Historical Society) which is for the communities ("kommune") of Elverum, Engerdal, Stor-Elvdal and Trysil og Åmot. It is mostly in Norwegian. They had posted the Flisberget Farm family history which includes the descendants of the earliest ancestors. This page has moved a few times since, as of October 2011 it is hosted by a website called "Skogfinsk Genealogi" : "Fennia - nettsted for Skogfinsk Genealogi" which I am boldly presuming translates to something like "Fennia - a website (lit. "web-place") for Finn Forest Genealogy" Flisberget i Sørskogbygda - ei 300 år Gammal Historie (Flisberget in "Soerskogbygda" a 300 year old story) by Trond Øivindson Lunde. It is also available as a PDF version: Flisberget i Sørskogbygda - ei 300 år Gammal Historie (PDF) It written entirely in Norwegian. The footnote citations indicate that much of the family data is derived from the Parish Church books (Kirkebøker), not the printed family history books (bygdebøker).

In March of 2007, Jay Nerby sent an English version that was translated by Maarten Dalskjaer which is presented here: Flisberget in "Soerskogbygda" a 300 year old story by Trond Øivindson Lunde It includes the background narrative and covers the family tree down to family IV Mattis Olsson (1796-1867), my great-great grandfather. He was father of my great grandfather Mattis Mattison (1836-1884) who immigrated to the USA in 1867 with his wife and two children. His brother Gunder Mattison (1840-1870/1874) and Gunder's wife and children sailed on the same ship. Subsequently, the Norway-Heritage : Hands across the Sea website came online with their ship and passenger list arriving at the Port of Quebec July 25, 1867 (more later).

The genealogies in the article supplement those that follow here which need to be updated. There is one notable error in the article. It states that "When Mattis Olsson died on February 24, 1867, the two remaining sons of Mattis both emigrated to Montana, U.S.A., and by this was the uninterrupted line of father and sons as users of [was] Flisberget over." However, the two sons did not go to Montana and I am not aware of any other immigrants who initially went to Montana or permanently settled there. The emigrants from Flisberget known by me (Mattis and Gunder, sons of Mattis Olsen (Olsson) (1796-1867)) went first to Wisconsin, then to North Dakota and later to Washington State. There were only two brief residences in Montana that I know about:

It is a possibility that descendants of the siblings of Mattis Olsen (Olsson) (1796-1867)) that I do not know about did emigrate to the USA and go to Montana, so that needs to be researched. I do not have complete information about them. It is also possible that somebody mentioned Montana in a letter "back home" or that someone just guessed wrong.

In April of 2013, I found the third brother, Ole, had also immigrated to the USA. Ole Mattisen was born 29 January 1829 in Elverum and married 26 March 1856 at Nord Odal/Nodre Odalen to Karen Kristoffersdatter, she born 5 June 1834 at Nord Odal/Nodre Odalen to Christopher Jensen and Marthe Schjonnesdr. I had previously been told that another child of Mattis Olsen (Olsson) (1796-1867) had immigrated but no further information. Thanks to the sharp eye of a cousin who identified a photograph of Karen, I was found them in the 1870 and 1880 in Fillmore County, Minnesota in Preston and Lanesboro, respectively. Ole Mattisen/Matheson/Matteson/Matson died 02 May 1881 at Lanesboro Village, Carrolton Twp., Fillmore County, Minnesota according to Minnesota Deaths and Burials 1835-1900 and Minnesota Will Records, 1849-1985 which names Karen as his wife. One child Mattis, born 10 March 1857, who reportedly died in 1868, place unknown. As of April, 2013, I have not been able to find immigration records.

Apparently, it was only these three brothers and sons of Mattis Olsen (Olsson) (1796-1867), Ole, Mattis and Gunder, who survived into adulthood, and all three migrated to the USA.

Norwegian Genealogical Research

I have prepared a general list of research sources and notes for Norwegian Genealogical Research.

Forenotes

This website has been assembled very quickly, so the presentation is rough, the organization is not perfect and the narratives are cryptic. It needs reorganization and expansion. However, I believe the information so far is accurate and hope that researchers and unknown cousins will find this website and that it may be useful to descendants or other persons who are researching families in Hedmark County. Hopefully, in the future there will be time to polish the presentation and add more information.

Note that early ancestors were named according to the patronymic naming conventions of the time: children were christened with a given name and the "surname" was the father's name combined with "son" or "sen" for boys and "datter" for girls. Names of individuals may have also included the name of their farm. To further perplex researchers, there was a carefully-followed practice of naming children after their grandparents and earlier ancestors. These naming conventions present good news and bad news to researchers. Patronymic naming makes it much easier to trace the girls. However, patronymic and grandparent naming results in many individuals in the same locality with the same names, making it difficult to distinguish them. Multiple individuals in the same community and county will have exactly the same name!

After immigration to the USA in 1867, all my American relatives adopted Mattison/Mattson as a permanent surname.

Most historical materials are in Norwegian and I am able to only decipher a few words. I attempted to use automated translation websites to decipher the background material, but the results were terrible. I have better success with the genealogical data. Background information here in English will, accordingly, be limited.

The Flisberget Farm

The following is, for now, a few very cryptic notes about the history of the area and farms. I hope to add more in the future, depending on time and ability to find material written in English. The history of many farms has been written in the Norwegian Bydgebøk; unfortunately, these are mostly in Norwegian without English translations.

Hedmark County, Norway

The "farm" in Norway was actually a small community that may have consisted of as few as one family or two, or a number of families and various other individuals and appeared to be collectively a substantial agricultural enterprise. Generally, there was some blood relationship between families on the same (and adjoining) farms, but that was not always the case. Flisberget was one of the smaller farms, with 13 individuals listed in the Flisberget 1865 census.

The Flisberget Farm was, and is, located in the Sørskogbygda ("South Forest Village"), Elverum Parish which is located in Hedmark County, Norway ("Hedmarken" in Norwegian) on the eastern side of Norway, almost touching the border with Sweden. Hedmark is considered a "county." In Norway, there are no geo-political subdivisions equivalent to a "state" in the USA. It is a heavily forested area, and in the 17th century the region of middle Sweden and eastern Norway was settled by migrants from Finnland, known as the "Forest-Finns." The area itself is currently known as the "Finnskogen" or "Finn-Forest" which stretches on the Norwegian side from Trysil in the north to Eidskog in the south. So, culturally and linguistically, the area was strongly Finnish. The inhabitants subsisted by a combination of farming, logging, fishing and hunting.

In recent years, farming in the region has diminished as an economically viable activity, and the forresting business is being run by corporations. The area is sparsely populated. Recent (ca. 2006) activity seems to indicate that the area is being promoted for tourism: hiking, fishing and hunting.

I am aware of one history of the Finnish migration written in English: Finnish Immigration to Middle Scandinavia in the 1600's; Broberg, Richard; 1988.

There is a little background information on the web. Most sites are in Norwegian, except for a few fragments in English, but the information seems to be increasing. See:

Sørskogbygda

The Norwegian edition of Wikipedia describes Sørskogbygda (mechanically translated by Google so a little rough):
Sørskogbygda is a village in the eastern part of Elverum municipality, Hedmark county. Shape Sørskogbygda was added to the speech teacher Sigurd Nergaard at the beginning of the 1900s. Previously, the comment form Synnersko'bygda, and written like Southern Forest village. Sørskogbygda calculated from the river Horna and east to Våler limit. Of older houses [i.e. farms] may be mentioned West Sætre (Hemmer, Sætre), Eastern Sætre, Lia, Værlia, Svea, Lindberget, Borg, Kynnberget, Siljuberget and Tile Mountain [Google translation of "Flisberget"]. The center of Sørskogbygda located at East Sætre, where the church, the grocery store and community center (Sørskogbygda Community).

Elverum Parish

Elverum is referred to as a "Parish" particularly in early historical context, but was established as a Municipality January 1, 1838. It lies within the traditional District of Østerdal. It is sometimes described as in Sør-Østerdal (South), as contrasted to Nord-Østerdal (North) though I do not know if those designations are "official" and sanctioned or informal.

Elverum seems to be best described as a "regional town" having characteristics of both a center of population, commerce, church and civil administration as well as a region encompassing distributed centers of population and church since its boundaries encompass a larger area than just a typical town or village. It appears similar in concept and jurisdiction to the Township in the US.

Elverum has been referred to as a "clerical district" but I am not sure that term is precisely accurate. "Clerical district" may be a hybrid that can consist of one or more parishes, probably depending on population served, at least as implied by the following quote from Hedmark kirkebøker - parish records. The "Clerical district" (prestegjeld) for the parishes (sokn) this area may be Østerdal, sub-divided as Nord-Østerdal (North) and Sør-Østerdal (South), each listing Parishes in addition to Elverum. It is my understanding that a "Parish" in Norway is today an administrative area of civil government. They may have been derived historically from church districts and retain the same or similar boundaries. It may or may not be precisely equivalent to a "parish" in the USA which usually refers to a territorial subdivision of an ecclesiastical diocese served by a particular church in a more geographically-compact area. But since the region in Norway was much more sparsely populated there may be a central main church (Den Norske Kirke?) and dispersed small chapels. (Note that in the state of Louisiana a "parish" is equivalent to a county in the other 49 states.)

See Wikipedia: Finnskogen

From Hedmark kirkebøker - parish records

Elverum parish records are available on microfilm for the time period 1729 - 1935.  Elverum clerical district consists of the following parishes: Elverum parish with Nedreberg (Nordskog- bygda), Sætre (Sørskogbygda), Heradsbygd and Hernes chapels.  It also included Trysil parish until 1780 when this parish was separated out to form the new Trysil clerical district.
    Note 1:  Elverum clerical districts also included the communities Idre and Särna until 22 March 1644, but these two communities were officially transferred to Sweden under the border treaty (Grensetraktaten) of 2 October 1751.
    Note 2:  By royal proclamation 30 December 1857 the farms Blikberget and Arndal (now gard nummer -  farm numbers 52 and 53 in Åmot) were transferred from Elverum clerical district to Åmot clerical district.

Østerdal District

I have seen the name Sør-Østerdal (South) used to include the parishes of Amot, Elverum, Engerdal, Stor Elvedal and Trysil apparently contrasted with Nord-Østerdal (North), together referred to as Østerdalen. This page at the above link lists genealogically-related publications for these parishes. (The list of bygdebøker for Elverum may not be complete.) I do not know the definition of this entity or jurisdiction. Possibly it is the correct name for the "clerical district" (prestegjeld) of which Elverum Parish (sokn) is part. See Hedmark kirkebøker - parish records

Flisberget Farm

Flisberget Farm It is my understanding that the Flisberget Farm is closest to the Sætre (Sørskogbygda) chapel.

The Flisberget Farm house still stands today, is used as a training subject for carpentry students and is apparently available as a free cabin for hikers. As of 2002, it is owned by the Borregaard Forrest Company. It is far out in the frontier forest near Sweden.

Click on the photo to see a larger image.

Misc. notes:

Gravberget

Also spelled Grafberget (ca.1801) (Graaberget?). Initially in Hof Parish (ca.1801), later Våler. About 30 miles from Elverum and 120 from Oslo. As of January, 2002, the Gravberget Farm had been turned into a tourist business, offering lodging at the main farm house and surrounding cottages; a conference center; and out-door activities such as hiking, fishing, hunting and cross country skiing. There is a small museum that displays the working and social conditions of the forestry workers as well as the culture of the migrant Finns.

They have a website at Gravberget Farm. It is all in Norwegian, except for a brief introduction in English which is accessed by clicking on the English (i.e. Union Jack) flag. This Gravberget Farm Introduction in English. includes a brief history and geography of the area including the Finnskogen.

USA Emigration

Good Wisconsin maps

My initial research interest was to trace my direct ancestor, Mattis Mattison (1836-1884) back to Norway. I later found that he and his brother Gunder immigrated to the USA together in 1867. Subsequently, I have been learning that other descendants of the Flisberget Farm and nearby area also immigrated to America. There were many descendants of the earlier ancestors, so there are many possibilities. Following are the immigrants for which I was able to find sufficient documentation. There could be more. But given the numbers of potential descendants, common names and gaps in coverage and completeness of various records and their online indexes, research is time-consuming, tedious and not always successful.

Sons of Mattis Olsen (1796-1867)

After the death of Mattis Olsen (Olsson) (1796-1867) on February 24, 1867, two sons, Mattis (1836-1884) and Gunder (1840-1870/1874) emigrated with their families to the USA, arriving together in August of 1867.

The other surviving son, Ola (Ole) Mattisen (1829-1881) married 26 March 1856 in Norway to Karen Kristoffersdatter (1834-aft1881). She was born 5 June 1834 at Ronningen Farm, Nord-Odal, Hedmark, Norway d/o Christopher Jensen and Martha Schjonnesdr; chr. 15 June 1834 at Nord-Odal. They are found in the 1865 census living in Søndre Odalen. They had one son Mattis Olsen b. 10 March 1857 on Ronningen Farm, Nord-Odal who reportedly died in 1868. Ole and Karen have been found in Fillmore County, Minnesota in 1870 and 1880 with no children. (Update found in April 2013.) Immigration records not yet found. Ole died in Lanesboro, Fillmore County, Minnesota 2 May 1881 and appears in a probate record (have not seen) but is not found in cemetery transcriptions. Search for more on Karen pending as well as immigration, but we do have a photo of her which is inscribed with her name, birth date/location and studio name in Fillmore where she appears to be in her 40's to 50's. Very faintly written on front is "CARRY KIEL".

The other four children of Mattis Olsson (Olsen) (1796-1867) did not survive into adulthood. I had been advised that other descendants of Flisberget Farm and nearby areas immigrated and so far have found at least two (later).

I had previously found Mattis' application for naturalization which stated his immigration date as August, 1867. I was able to trace his origins to Norway through the censuses and determine that he had a brother, Gunder, who also immigrated to the USA about the same time. Mattis' application states that he entered through the "Port of Chicago." However, I was later told by the Chicago Historical Society that Chicago was not an "official" port of immigration and that they more likely entered North America through the Port of Quebec. They would have then gone down the St. Lawrence River on a barge, travelled over land at at least one point, continued through the Great Lakes to Chicago and then to their final destination of Jackson County, Wisconsin in the west-central part of that state. (The St. Lawrence Seaway was not opened until 1959.) They would likely have been "processed" at some point prior to Chicago. However, that was all based on speculation and hearsay. But on November 26, 2005, through pure chance, I found found the vessel and passenger list where they immigrated. The Norway-Heritage : Hands across the Sea website is an incredible resource for those researching Norwegian immigration. It has extensive listings of passenger vessels carrying immigrants from Norway, detailed descriptions and pictures of those vessels and most listings have transcriptions of the passenger lists. And, sure enough, the lists show extensive arrivals through the Port of Quebec.

Mattis, Gunder and families departed from Christiana (now Oslo), Norway on June 6, 1867 on the Erna under command of Capt. M. Baarsrud and arrived at Quebec on July 25. The subsequent journey from Quebec would have put their arrival in Chicago during August of 1867 which confirmed previous data. The subsequent journey from Quebec would have likely have started by barge on the St. Lawrence River and through the Great Lakes (Lake Ontario, Lake Erie, Lake Huron and Lake Michigan) to arrival at the Port of Chicago. (I have seen other Scandanavian immigrants give port of entry as Milwaukee, Wisconsin.) I presume a short part of the journey would have been over a land bridge, since this was long before the opening in 1958 or 1959 or the St. Lawrence Seaway, but have not found any historical accounts of this immigration route.

The Erna's passenger list has been transcribed, see: Norway-Heritage: Passenger list 1867 - bark Erna (Source: NAC C-4522 list 76.) A "bark" is a type of sailing ship and it appears that this was her maiden voyage. See Norway-Heritage: Bark Erna for information about her. The Norway-Heritage project has also begun a database of immigrants. This is a project in progress. Be sure to read the "Search tips" section! See Norway-Heritage: Norwegian Emigrants 1825-1875.

The individuals I recognize from the passenger list follow. There may be others on the list that are related, particularly those identified as from Graaberget.

  CaptainDepartureArrival Source
  M. BaarsrudChristiania June 6Quebec July 25 NAC C-4522 list 76
Ref. NameAge SexRemarksAddition
21Mathis !! Flisberget31   
22Andrea !! Flisberget*36 wife  
23Martinius Mathisen* Flisberget*2-3/4 son*  
24August Mathisen* Flisberget*3/4 son*  
199Gunder !! Flisberget37   
200Olea !! Flisberget*30 wife  
201Ela Gundersdatter* Flisberget*daughter*  
202Jacob Gundersen* Flisberget*son*  
203Martinius Gundersen* Flisberget*son*  
204Ole Gundersen* Flisberget*2-1/2 son*  
205Hanna Gundersdatter* Flisberget*1/6 daughter*  

Mattis Mattson (1836-1884) and family moved to Hixton, Jackson County, Wisconsin where he died 11 September 1884 of cholera. His burial place is unknown. Three children then moved to LaMoure County, North Dakota: August, Emma and Lena. Andrea Andersdatter (1882-aft1892) went with them (showin in a family photo taken about 1892 ) but I do not know further.

Gunder Mattison was born 6 December 1840 at Elverum, Hedmark County, Norway. He married 19 July 1861 at Elverum to Olia Jakobsdatter (1837-aft1900) Seven children, and at least three sons Jacob, Martin and Julius are known to have survived to raise families of their own. I have not been able to find anything further about the other four: Else, Ole, Hanna "Annie" and Abram (Ed?). Gunder's family is found in the 1870 census in Preston, Trempealeau County, Wisconsin (page 247). Gunder apparently died between 1870 and 1873 in Trempealeau County, Wisconsin as his wife, Olia/Olea had remarried about 1873/1874 to an Andrew (Anders) Anderson. Gunder may have been another cholera death; I have found documented outbreaks in 1873 in another midwest state.

Andrew and Olea Anderson are found in the 1880 census in Trempealeau County with three Anderson children ages 6 months to 5 years and Hannah (age 13), Julius (age 9) and Ben (age 17) Matson. Two sons, Jacob G. (Gunderson) Mattson (1860-1834) and Martin G. (Gunderson) Mattson (1862-1927) had moved to North Dakota in 1883, first to LaMoure County and then to Dickey County, which adjoins LaMoure County. Julius G. (Gunderson) Mattson with wife and children also went to Dickey County (1900 census) and is last found in Taylor County, Wisconsin in the 1920 census. I do not know what happened to the other children of Gunder: Else (1858-aft1867), Ole (1864-aft1880), Hannah "Annie" (1867-aft1880), and Abram (1870-aft1870). (Else was included in the July 1867 arriving passenger list but not the 1870 census.) Andrew and Olea Anderson are later found in the 1900 and 1910 census in Chimney Rock, Trempealeau County, Wisconsin but not in 1920, so presumed deceased 1910/1920. There are no remainders of the Mattson's in Trempealeau County; I have not attempted to research the Anderson descendants of Andrew and Olea.

Sons of Ole Gundersen (1837-1926) and Gurine Gundersdatter (1840-1923)

Ole Gundersen (1837-1926) was son of Gunder Olsen (1811-1848); Gunder was brother of Mattis Olsen (1796-1867). I had been advised that some sons of Ole Gundersen (1837-1926) and Gurine Gundersdatter (1840-1923) emigrated to the USA in about 1890 but two returned in 1905. No further details were provided except that at least some adopted the surname of Sveen. (Later found Øversveen also used.)

Of the seven sons of Ole and Gurine (they had no daughters), four have been found in Norway in the 1910 census and burial records found in Norway for two of those. Additionally, Ole Olsen (Sveen) (b. 12 Jan 1876, m. Karen Helene Pladsen) is not being found in the 1900 or 1910 censuses, but died 25 August 1960 and was buried 3 September 1960 at Sørskogbygda Cemetery in Elverum.

Another son was Jens Olsen who is listed in the Elverum Bygdebok but, unlike his siblings, without birth date. No further information. Not finding this Jens Olsen in IGI Christening/birth records in Norway. At the geni.com website, a family tree by Frode Sveen gives this subject as "John Sveen" b. 5 April 1882 in Norway; died 3 April 1951 in Williams Co., North Dakota. I am not convinced. There were other Sveen's in Williams County ca. 1910/1920 who I cannot place and this John may be related to those instead. There was a Jens Sveen b. 24 September 1869 in Elverum and listed in the 1910 census in Elverum. The birth year would fit. As of May 2011 and April 2013, the 1875 census had not been completely transcribed for Elverum, only a 2% sample, which did not show anything. Further follow-up is needed here.

One son, Knute, was born 15 August 1867; immigrated 1887; naturalized 1894; married about 1890 to Hannah ______; had ten children; died in 1944 at Douglas County, Wisconsin; and buried at Riverside Cemetery, Douglas County, Wisconsin. He and his family went by surname Olson.

One son remains unaccounted for in Norway or the USA: Karinus Olsen (Sveen) (b. 18 Nov 1873). He may have been known as Charley Olson or Charley Sveen.

Son of Berte Olsdatter (1813-aft1865) and Peder Halvorsson (1817-aft1865)

Berte Olsdatter (1813-aft1865) was sister of Mattis Olsen (1796-1867). She married 27 February 1841 at Elverum to Peder Halvorsson (1817-aft1865). One son, Gunder Pederson (later Peterson) born 16 September 1851, is shown to have immigrated to America in about 1882-1883 and settled in Trempealeau County, Wisconsin. He married in 28 May 1885 to Eline ("Eli") Mathison born in Sweden, daughter of Matis Bentson and Matia Bredeson. (FamilySearch reports marriage in Unity, Wisconsin which is in Clark and Marathon Counties; it is also reported in Trempealeau Marriages at genealogytrails.com. The two counties are close, separated by a small section of Jackson County. Jackson County is where Mattis Mattison (1836-1884) and family settled at Hixton.) They are found there in the 1900, 1905, 1910 and 1930 censuses with daughter Mina (aka Maria, "Minnie"), born June 1889. The marriage record names and confirms his parents. Mina is living with her widowed father in the 1930 census at age 41. (I have not attempted to trace further.)

Ancestral History - Earliest

The earliest family ancestor that is presented (in Norwegian) in FLISBERGET I SØRSKOGBYGDA - EI 300 ÅR GAMMAL HISTORIE - the family history book (bygdebøk) for Flisberget Farm - is Ola (Ole) Mattison Suroinen who was born about 1690 and died in September 1746 (Generation I). He migrated to Flisberget in 1717 and was the first owner of record. He married second about 1719 to Marit Pålsdotter Hakkarainen, she born ca. 1697 and was buried 19 December 1762, at the age of 75 years. There is reportedly a christening record for her giving a date of 25 December 1695, but I have not seen a source citation. She was the daughter of Pål _______ and Marit Larsdotter. There is speculation that she was from Søgarn Galåsen in Trysil, the daughter of Pål Persson Hakarinen and Marit Larsdotter, but this is apparently unproven; I have not seen any evidence surrounding this theory. Ola (Ole) apparently had an unknown first wife; she may have been the mother of Kari.

According to the research of Bo Hansen, Ola was son of Mattis Mattisen; Mattis was son of Mattis _____ and Berte Pedersdatter.

Cemeteries (USA)

Some descendants of the family are buried in two cemeteries in the vicinity of the town of LaMoure, both with the same name, which makes things confusing. There are two "Saint Ansgar" cemeteries in the LaMoure area: One such cemetery is adjacent to the St. Ansgar Lutheran church in Dickey County; The second, "the old cemetery," is separate in LaMoure County and is at a driving distance of about 1-1/2 miles north/northeast of the church. Descendants of Gunder Mattiasen (1840-1870/1743) and Olia Jakobsdatter (1837-aft1910) are buried at the churchyard which is referred to as "Saint Ansgar Lutheran Cemetery" or "Saint Ansgar Lutheran Church Cemetery" or "Saint Ansgar Lutheran Church and Cemetery." Those of the family of Gunder's brother Mattis Mattison (1836-1884) are buried at the "old cemetery" which is referred to as just "Saint Ansgar Cemetery." The second cemetery might also be referred to as "St. Ansgar Menighed" according to a cemetery book.

  1. Church with adjacent cemetery: FindAGrave.com identifies the cemetery as "Saint Ansgar Lutheran Cemetery" in Dickey County. The church and adjacent cemetery are located on 78 St. SE at its T-intersection with Hwy 60/103rd Ave., on the south side of 78th St. GPS coordinates 46.2821889, -98.2664889 from: http://www.satelliteviews.net/cgi-bin/g.cgi?fid=1033663&state=ND&ftype=church point closest to the church building. GPS coordinates 46.28262, -98.26650 shown on the FindAGrave Map tab point closest to the cemetery.

    Various websites including FindaGrave report the address of the church as 10294 78th St SE, LaMoure ND 58458:
      St. Ansgar Lutheran Church
    10294 78th St SE
    LaMoure ND 58458
    701/883-4377
    Such as: lutherans.com/churches/church_info.php?church_id=7641

    However, a Google map search on the address (as of November 2013) points this location as about 7.5 miles due east of the actual church building and cemetery, so something is amiss, either the address is wrong or the Google Maps translation of that address on a search is wrong. I suspect the latter? The satellite view shows what appear to be barns, out buildings and a house. The GPS coordinates above are correct. The FindAGrave listing of the Lutheran Church cemetery states it address as LaMoure, Dickey Co., North Dakota. However, the town of LaMoure is in LaMoure County and the county seat. The church and cemetery being on the south side 78th St. are physically in Dickey County, 78 St. apparently being the county boundary, and presumably LaMoure is a mailing/Post Office address of convenience. Google maps "What's here?" gives town as Oakes, ND 58474. Oakes is in Dickey County, and the largest.

    Gravestones were photographed and uploaded to "Saint Ansgar Lutheran Cemetery" at Findagrave.com in November of 2013. As of that date, 114 graves listed.

  2. The second, separate, isolated, cemetery is on 77th St. SE at GPS coordinates: 46.2969115 -98.2548222 (marks directly in center of cemetery). Some websites show alternate GPS: 46.2969939 -98.2547490 (marks to east side of cemetery). (Another reported GPS is : 46.178 -98.152 www.grhs.org/research/america/ndakota/LaMoure_county_nd.htm However, this resolves to a much different location, nothing there.) The location is about 1/2 mile east of intersection of Hwy 60/103rd and 77th SE Google maps names and points location as "St. Ansgar Cemetery." FindAGrave.com identifies the cemetery as "Saint Ansgar Cemetery" in LaMoure County. Satellite view shows as an isolated cemetery, a few grave markers on east and west sides, empty in middle. No nearby buildings. It is on the south side of 77th St SE. The town of LaMoure is 4.6 mi. NW. histopolis.com, place ID 881577262, reports it in Ryan Township, LaMoure County, North Dakota / Township 133 North, Range 60 West, Fifth PM It is about 4/5 mile north and 1/2 mile east of the Saint Ansgar Lutheran Church and its adjacent Cemetery.

    As described later, the cemeteries and gravestones of LaMoure County were recorded and published in 2005. Saint Ansgar burials are listed in Barron, George L.; Cemeteries of Southern LaMoure County North Dakota; Carrington, ND : James River Genealogy Club, 2005 on pages 16-18. Page 18 shows 30 burials shown only in sexton's records for which there is no surviving gravestone or marker ("ns"). Data other than name was generally not recorded; a couple had burial dates noted as 1902 and 1916 which is probably the general period when the cemetery was most active. The 2005 Cemeteries book shows names in groups of five or six, comprising varying surnames. Those groups may correspond to a physical area of the cemetery, what modern cemetery managers would refer to as a "lot."

    Graves with standing stones were photographed and posted at "Saint Ansgar Cemetery at Findagrave.com" in November of 2013. The earliest burial shown is 1889, the last is 1962. In December of 2013 I posted the additional 30 graves from the 2005 publication. As of that month in 2013 there are 86 total listings.

Relationship of St. Ansgar Cemetery (LaMoure County) and St. Ansgar Lutheran Church and Cemetery (Dickey County):
 

St. Ansgar Cemeteries

The cemeteries and gravestones of LaMoure County were recorded and published in 2005 in two books:

  1. Barron, George L.; Cemeteries of Northern LaMoure County North Dakota; Carrington, ND : James River Genealogy Club, 2005
  2. Barron, George L.; Cemeteries of Southern LaMoure County North Dakota; Carrington, ND : James River Genealogy Club, 2005

  Both books have extremely limited presence in libraries. Indices of both books along with some other information and data about LaMoure at: LaMoure County Archives @ USGenWeb Archives

The family of Mattis Mattison (1836-1884) who are buried at Saint Ansgar in LaMoure County are Minda A. Mattison (1867-1900) (wife of August) who has a gravestone and "Grandma", "Baby" and Martin who are recorded in the sexton's records only. "Grandma" is probably Andrea Andersdatter Mattison (1832-aft1891); "Baby" is probably the infant of August Mattson (1866-1930/1940) and Minnie (Martinus) Mattson (1867-1900); and Martin is probably born 17 January 1864 near Elverum, Norway, died 1880/1900, son of Mattis Mattison (1836-1884) and Andrea Andersdatter Mattison (1832-aft1891).

A few general local geography and naming notes about the area where the cemeteries are located:

Misc. Family History Notes

Following from A History of Dickey County, North Dakota;The Dickey County Historical Society; 1930; Paperback; 333 Pages, synopsis provided October 2007 by a look-up volunteer:


 

Descendants

Generation 1

This section is out of date and needs to be updated.
I have more children and dates.
See "Descendants Chart" following, which is more current.

Mathias Olsen (1727-1804)/Marthe Pedersdatter (1732-1812)

One identified child; more children TBA:
  1. +Ole Mathiasen (1770-aft1801)

The 1801 census Elverum, Flisberget Farm, lists Mathias Olsen age 74 and Marthe Pedersdtr age 69 and identifies them as parents of the male head of household Ole Mathiasen age 31 and wife Marthe Mortensdtr age 27.

Generation 2

Ole Mathiasen (1770-aft1801)/Marthe Mortensdatter (1774-aft1801)

Identified children (1801 census, Flisberget Farm, Elverum), probably more born after 1801:
  1. Marthe Olsdatter (1794-aft 1801)
  2. +Mathis (Mattis) Olsen (1795/6-aft1865)/Else Mathisdatter (est 1800-bef1865)
  3. +Morten Olsen (1799-aft 1865)/Sirine Halvorsdatter (1803-aft1865)
    In 1865 Morten living on Holtet farm, Elverum.

The 1801 census Elverum, Flisberget Farm gives 3 children of Ole Mathiasen and Marthe Mortensdtr, including Mathias Olsen age 5 (born Cal 1796). Probably more born later. Pending further analysis of IGI data.

Generation 3

Mathis (Mattis) Olsen (1795/6-1867) and Else Mathisdatter (abt1801-1853)

Five children (IGI) identified:

  1. Martinus Mathiasen c. 27 Oct 1833 Elverum
  2. +Mathis Mathiasen (Mattis Mattison) c. 12 Jun 1836 Elverum m. 28 Dec 1863 Elverum to Andrea Andersdatter, she b. abt 1832 at Våler, Hedmark, Norway.
  3. Helene Mathiasen c. 14 Oct 1838 Elverum
  4. +Gunder Mathiasen c. 28 Feb 1841 Elverum; m. 19 Jul 1861 Elverum to Oila Jakobsdr
  5. Andrea Mathiasen c. 10 Dec 1843 Elverum
  6. (Daughter) Mathiasen c. 11 Jul 1847 Elverum

Of (1865) Flisberget Farm, Elverum Parish, Hedmark Fylke, Norway. The IGI has christening records of six children of 'Mathis Olsen' and 'Else Mathisdr' that I could find. Possibly more. The child christened 11 Jul 1847 is listed in the IGI, but the given name is blank. The 1865 census of Flisberget Farm, Elverum where 'Mattis Ols.' age 70 (born Cal 1795) is listed identifies, on the next line, 'Mattis Mattiss.' age 29 (b. Cal 1836) as 'hans Son' followed by 'Andrea Andersd.' as 'hans Kone' (wife) and 'Martinus Matiss.' as 'deres Son'. Else Mathisdatter is not listed, so she is presumed deceased by then.

Morten Olsen (1799-aft 1865)/Sirine Halvorsdatter (1803-aft1865)


Both Morten and Sirine born in Elverum. From 1865 census, Holtet Farm, Elverum. One child (1865 census) identified, likely many more.

  1. Martea Mortensdatter b. abt 1823 Elverum (in 1865 unmarried, living with parents at age 42)

Generation 4

Mathis Mathiasen (Mattis Mattison) (1836-1884)/Andrea (Andrine) Andersdatter (Abt1832-)

  1. Martin Mattison (1864-aft1880)
  2. August Mattson (1866-aft1900)
  3. Emma Mattison (1868-1937)
  4. Olina (Lena) Mattison (1872-)

Of (1865) Flisberget Farm, Elverum Parish, Hedmark Fylke, Norway, 1865 census (above). Marriage record from IGI - in Elverum. Christening of Martin (Martinus) from IGI -in Våler. August born in Norway but no christening record in IGI. Various USA records including US censuses and church records in Wisconsin.

The family immigrated to the United States, arriving in August 1867 at Chicago. Sailed on the Bark "Erna" which arrived at the Port of Quebec on July 25, 1867. Mattis came with his wife Andrea (Andrine) Andersdatter and sons Martin and August. He was accompanied on the same ship by his brother Gunder and family. Mattis settled at Jackson County, Wisconsin near Hixton. Two daughters born there: Emma and Olena (Lena).

Mattis died in 11 September 1884 of the cholera. He was survived by his wife Andrea Andersdatter, but nothing further known about her. Nothing further known of son Martin. The family migrated to La Moure County, North Dakota by 1894 and were still there in 1900. By 1910/1920 some in Spokane, Washington and by 1930 all descendants living there. August Mattson married abt 1889 to Minda "Minnie" Martinus, she born August 1868 in Norway, apparently died 1900/1920. Three children, one who died as an infant or very young child. August last found in 1930 census in Spokane. Emma married 1 Feb 1894 at La Moure, La Moure County, North Dakota to Henry Arthur Underwood (1868-1943); divorced. One child. Lena married about 1895 to Paul John Gady (1873/4-1944) who was born in Settin, Germany. I have names of three children.

More To Be Added later ...

Gunder Matiasen (1841-1870/1873)/Olia Jakobsdatter (1838-aft1880)

  1. Else Gundersdatter (1858-)
  2. Jakob Gunderson (1860-1934) aka Jacob G. Mattson
  3. Martinus Gunderson (1862-1927) aka Martin G. Mattson
  4. Ole Gunderson (1863-?) aka Ole Mattson
  5. Hannah/"Annie" Mattson (1867-?) born Norway
  6. Abram Mattson (abtJan1870-?) born Wisconsin
  7. Julius G. Mattson (1871-aft1920) born Wisconsin

Of (1865) Braenden Farm, Elverum Parish, Hedmark Fylke, Norway, 1865 census (above). Marriage record from IGI - in Elverum. In 1870 (census) in Trempealeau County, Wisconsin family of Gunder Mattson, so they all migrated together between 1865 and 1870.

Martin and Jacob migrated to North Dakota in 1883.

These sons adopted the surname Mattson by the 1870 census, dropping Gunderson as a surname and using Gunder or Gunderson as a middle name, hence the middle initial 'G'.

If these connections and conclusions are correct, then:

More To Be Added later ...

Descendants Chart

Chart of Descendants of Mathias Olsen (1727-aft1801) and Marthe Pedersdatter (1732-aft1801)

Note

Spelling varies, ESPECIALLY for: Mathias, Mattis, Mathis which are used interchangeably in the records.

Historical Readings, Local websites

Norwegian Research

For information about research in Norway, return to the main page to: Research Sources and Data - International - Norway

Bibliography

Censuses

See Research Sources and Data - censuses

Family History Books

Various family history books (bygdebøker) (technically "village book") relating to Elverum families exist, which are listed in the following section.

In March of 2007, Jay Nerby sent an English translation of a section from one of the books for the history of the Flisberget Farm in Elverum. The title is Flisberget i Sørskogbygda - ei 300 år gammal historie (Flisberget in a South Forest Village - a 300 Year Old History) by Trond Øivindson Lunde and was translated by Maarten Dalskjaer. It was begun in 1993/1994, first published as an article in 2002 and updated February 2007. The translation is presented here: Flisberget in a South Forest Village - a 300 Year Old History by Trond Øivindson Lunde A copy in Norwegian is online at: Flisberget i Sørskogbygda - ei 300 år gammal historie This can be translated by Google, a direct link is: Wood Mountain in Sørskogbygda - a 300 years old history The online translations by Google are continually and significantly improving so periodically checking back may be helpful. It appears that "Flisberget" is translated (at least by Google in 2011) as "Wood Mountain" but the proper Norwegian designation remains "Flisberget."

Sidenote:

Following are the citations to apparent Elverum family history books (bygdebøker)

I have seen only the two books published in 1909 and 1974. The 1909 book was lent by the Univestity of North Dakota; I don't remember where the other came from. Neither appeared to have anything on this Mattson line.

The Family History Library lists the 1984 bygdebok as six volumes, so it appears extensive and significant. Unfortunately, it is not available on microfilm; they have the set in the Salt Lake library. Also, their catalog shows "Gaardhistorie med ættetavler" (1909) as Part 1 of Finne-Grønn's work and "Bygdens almindelige historie, institutioner og embedsmænd" (1921) is part 2. They have copies at Salt Lake and on microfilm. The catalog doesn't show "Tillegg til Finne-Grønns bøk om Elverum" (1958).

International Genealogical Index (IGI)

The International Genealogical Index (IGI) contains transcriptions of original Parish records of Norway and is now searchable online in addition to its prior production on microfiche. The transcriptions are grouped by "batches" which correspond to the original hardcopy source; i.e. book, date, etc. The parish records have been microfilmed by the LDS Church and are listed in the Family History Library Catalog. (Technical note: Catalog searches no longer work properly with Netscape 4.7; use IE 5.5+ or try later Netscape.) Microfilms may be borrowed through a local Family History Center (FHC). ) The IGI is a generally reliable substitute for examination of the original records, and the information I have used comes from that source. For further description, see my brief write-up: International Genealogical Index (IGI)

Batch numbers for Elverum and vicinity include the following. A prefix of "C" indicates christening records; a prefix of "M" indicates marriage records. "Kirkebøker" translates to "church books" or records.


C423403 ...
C423411   1751-1829  0124281  Kirkebøker, 1729-1935 Den Norske Kirke, Elverum prestegjeld (Hedmark)
C423412   1830-1842  0124283  Kirkebøker, 1729-1935 Den Norske Kirke, Elverum prestegjeld (Hedmark)
C423413   1843-1844  0307250  Kirkebøker, 1729-1935 Den Norske Kirke, Elverum prestegjeld (Hedmark)
C423414   1845-1874  0124282  Kirkebøker, 1729-1935 Den Norske kirke, Elverum prestegjeld (Hedmark)
M423411   1751-1830  0124281  ...

Elverum Today

Elverum is a muncipality with a population of about 18,000 and is surrounded by villages Heradsbygd, Jomna, Sørskogbygda and Hernes being the most significant. Tourism seems to be an important element of the local economy including such outdoor activities as hiking, skiing, fishing and hunting.

Elverum Tourist Office
Solorveien 151, Elverum 2407, Norway
+47 (+ 47) 62 40 90 45
mail@elverum-turistinfo.com
http://www.visitelverum.no/
http://visiter.no

Misc. Research Data

Following are geographic features near Flisberget Farm reported by geody.com
Name	Country	Feature	Latitude	Longitude	Dist. (km)	Dist. (mi)	Bearing	Direction

Bastuknappen	Sweden	Populated place	60.98306	12.25	8.31	5.17	257°	WSW
Gaaskjölen	Norway	Populated place	60.88333	11.98333	14.44	8.97	206°	SSW
Gravberget	Norway	Populated place	60.86667	12.25	16.91	10.51	209°	SSW
Midskogberget	Norway	Populated place	61.11667	12.06667	13.11	8.15	8°	N
Siljuberget	Norway	Populated place	60.9	11.96667	13.26	8.24	213°	SSW
Storsveen	Norway	Populated place	61.1	12.1	11.13	6.92	0°	N
Tørberget	Norway	Populated place	61.13333	12.1	14.84	9.22	0°	N
Bækkesæter	Norway	Farm		61.05	12.03333	6.63	4.12	33°	NNE
Bastberget	Norway	Farm		61.11667	12.13333	13.11	8.15	8°	N
Bekkesæter	Norway	Farm		61.05	12.03333	6.63	4.12	33°	NNE
Enberget	Norway	Farm		61.01667	12.13333	2.58	1.61	44°	NE
Flisberget	Norway	Farm		61	12.1	0	0		
Haaberget	Norway	Farm		61.05	12.06667	5.85	3.63	18°	NNE
Hemberget	Norway	Hill		60.91667	12.18333	10.31	6.41	206°	SSW
Hestberget	Norway	Hill		60.96667	12.18333	5.83	3.62	231°	SW
Høljebakken	Norway	Farm		61.06667	12.1	7.42	4.61	0°	N
Høljesjø	Norway	Lake		61.06667	12.16667	8.25	5.12	26°	NNE
Kjølberget	Norway	Hill		61.03333	12.23333	8.09	5.03	63°	ENE
Klintsæter	Norway	Farm		60.95	12.1	5.57	3.46	180°	S
Knølen		Norway	Farm		61.08333	12.15	9.66	6	16°	NNE
Kvitsten	Norway	Farm		61.13333	11.95	16.9	10.5	28°	NNE
Onsjöen		Norway	Lake		61.13333	12.15	15.08	9.37	10°	N
Rækkesæter	Norway	Farm		61.05	12.03333	6.63	4.12	33°	NNE
Rysjøbergsæter	Norway	Farm		61.08333	12.23333	11.73	7.29	38°	NE
Siljubergåsen	Norway	Farm		60.91667	12.01667	10.31	6.41	206°	SSW
Smalberget	Norway	Hill		60.93333	12.2	9.18	5.7	216°	SW
Stordigerheden	Norway	Hill		60.86667	12.18333	15.51	9.64	197°	SSW
Stygberg	Norway	Hill		61.08333	12.06667	9.45	5.87	11°	N
Tonberg		Norway	Hill		61.1	12.18333	12	7.46	22°	NNE
Tørbergsjøen	Norway	Lake		61.13333	12.15	15.08	9.37	10°	N
Varahollsæter	Norway	Farm		61.13333	12.23333	16.49	10.25	26°	NNE
Vesleflisa	Norway	Stream		60.91667	12.13333	9.45	5.87	191°	S

Updated 16 April 2013
Updated 10 June 2013.
Updated 20 Nov. 2013.

   

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