The Dunkers

Introduction

This page briely describes my limited and non-conclusive research into the religious denomination known as the "Dunkers," or more formally the German Baptist Brethren (GBB). My initial interest was to see if there was a possible connection with my ancestors who lived near present-day Shepherdstown, West Viriginia (1762-1780's) and Shelby/Henry Counties in Kentucky (1780's-present). The timeframe under immediate consideration is the 1700's through early 1800's. GBB congregations were known to be present in Virginia and Kentucky during that time. Squire Boone, who sold the land to the Low Dutch Company was reportedly a minister of the GBB. While many of those early congregations have ceased to exist or converted to other denominations, the same GBB continues to exist today, known as the Church of the Brethren with its headquarters in Elgin, Illinois.

However, since I first started this page I have come across references which indicate other Shuck/Schuck/Schock families were associated with the GBB in Pennsylvania. One such family was that of Jacob Schock (est1720-1782) of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. There may be others. But for now most of the following discussion will be limited to just the Virginia/Kentucky branches and connections.

The Dunkers achieved that nickname as a result of their anabaptist beliefs, for which they were persecuted in Germany and fled to America in pursuit of religious freedom. Their history is long and complex, a topic far outside the scope of this brief summary. It is further complicated by various offshoots and splinter groups of similarly named sects such as the Old Order German Baptist Bretheren, which is different.

Unfortunately, the early Dunkers reportedly did not keep records, such as membership rolls, because it was deemed "prideful." Researchers will find claims of families and individuals associated with certain congregations. I have tried to determine the sources and evidence behind a few of those claims, mostly for my own ancestors and their siblings, but have been unsuccessful. Researchers should not take any claims whether published in print or on the internet, at face value.

The time frame for establishment of the Brethren churches roughly parallels that of the settlement Low Dutch Company of Shelby/Henry County. However, with the possible exception of the Shuck/Schock family, as discussed, there does not seem to be any connection or commonality of membership. The Low Dutch had anticipated having a minister of the Dutch Reformed Church, but that was never realized despite various attempts. Those Dutch eventually moved on to other denominations, primarily the Presbyterians who were in harmony with their Calvinistic beliefs, but also the Baptists, Methodists and even Shakers at Pleasant Hill.

I am adding to this page piecemeal as additional information is discovered, so it probably will be disjointed and repetitive in places as well as generally inconclusive.

Websites

Websites of particular interest:

Shuck/Shook Dunker Connection? Part I

I have come across a few brief comments that some Shuck/Shook families were or may have been associated with a religious sect known as the "Dunkers," or more formally the German Baptist Brethren (GBB). These include sons of my ancestor Andrew Shuck (est1733-1803) of Kentucky [Line 1.0]; sons of John Martin Shuck (1723/was1730-1804) [Line 5.0]; Adam Shock (1764-1843) of Montgomery County, Ohio [Line G]; and Lawrence Shook (abt1733-1817) [Line 7.0]. However, I have yet to find ANY primary or otherwise convincing evidence, despite a visit to the headquarters library and archives of the present-day descendant organization, The Church of the Brethren. The citings I see seem to have spawned from one source, see later.

Based on my assessment of the information available to-date, I have found NO direct or credible evidence that Andrew Shuck (est1733-1803) and/or his family were members of the GBB. I can neither prove nor disprove the theory.

Who, exactly, were the GBB? See About the Brethren, below.

Unfortunately, the early GBB congregations simply did not keep membership or other records. They believed that to do so was prideful. So all I have seen are secondary statements about the existence, history and location of the early congregations along with a few names of the leadership. However, there are uncanny parallels between the few facts we know about the Shuck/Shook families and what I have found written about the Dunkers, so this possible connection is intriguing. I have not researched or analyzed any of this in depth, so my comments will be brief, disorganized and open to revision, so should be taken in that context.

  1. The location and expansion of the early Dunker congregations seems to parallel the known residences of the respective Shuck/Shook families. The counties where the unrelated Shuck/Shook families lived or are in the same neighborhood/close proximity and had GBB congregations (TBA): Frederick Co. VA, Berkeley County VA/WV, Jefferson Co. VA/WV, Adams Co. PA, York Co., PA (Conewago settlement in PA), Lancaster Co., PA and Frederick County Maryland (Lawrence Shook)
  2. Members of the GBB migrated from Germany to America during the period roughly 1719-1733 (possibly later?), which is at least similar to the periods of immigration of the Shuck/Shook families.
  3. It appears to me that the GBB were not a large sect in comparison to the mainstream German/Dutch religions of the time (Lutheran, mainstream Baptist, Dutch Reformed, etc.) so it is interesting that four diverse, apparently unrelated lines of Shuck/Shook's would be reported in different places as being associated with the GBB.
  4. The Dunkers were persecuted in Germany for their religious beliefs and that could explain the motivation of the Shuck/Shook families to leave Germany.
  5. GBB immigrants from 1729 (11 Sept) ship Allen led by Alexander Mack came from Friesland. The Banta's came from Friesland: Hendrick Banta b. abt 1655 Minnertsga, Friesland, d. 1740 in Bergen Co. NJ.
  6. GBB immigrants came from the Palatinate in Germany.
  7. There was a Dunker congregation in Hunterdon Co., NJ which adjoins Somerset Co., NJ. (Mathias Shuck reported in his pension app. that he was born 1759 in NJ.)
  8. There was a Dunker congregation at Antietam, which is about four miles from Shepherdstown where Andrew Shuck (est1733-1803) is known to have lived.
  9. There was a GBB church in Shelby County, Kentucky. The names of a few of the leadership are reported and their residence in Shelby County is confirmed by censuses. This church changed its affiliation to Disciples of Christ in 1826.
  10. It is known that Squire Boone sold the land to the Low Dutch Company and he was a minister, reportedly associated with the GBB. His brother George Boone was a GBB minister. The wife of Daniel Boone was associated with the GBB. It is speculated that Squire Boone was GBB, but apparently no specific evidence.
  11. Descandants of Andrew Shuck (est1733-1803) migrated to Lincoln County Missouri around the same time Daniel Boone migrated to St. Charles County, Missouri which adjoins Lincoln County to the south. I suspect they were led or encouraged to migrate by Daniel.
  12. So far, I have not found indication of any other church that Andrew Shuck (est1733-1803) of Kentucky and his family were associated with. There is uncertainty whether he was German or Dutch, but no evidence has been found connecting him with the origin of the Dutch families of the Low Dutch Company. His first recorded residence was near Shepherdstown, which was a predominantly German settlement.
  13. The strongest evidence so far seems to support the connection of Adam Shock (1764-1843) of Montgomery County, Ohio to the GBB.

On the other hand:

  1. The one citation I have found that appears to be the source of the rumor about Andrew Shuck (est1733-1803) of Kentucky appears to be substantially incorrect.
  2. Mathias Shuck (1759-abt1846), son of Andrew Shuck (est1733-1803), served in the Revolutionary War as a Private in the Virginia Militia from 16 October 1781 to April 1782. The Dunkers were pacifists, refused military service and opposed the Revolutionary War, being grateful to the King of England for liberating them from the oppression in Germany. Other sons of Andrew Shuck (est1733-1803) would have been too young to serve in the War which lasted from 1776-1782. (The next oldest son was William who was born 1765.)
  3. The area of Shepherdstown VA (now WV) had a large historic German population, originally being named Mecklenburg, long before GBB immigration and establishment of the congregation at Antietam.
  4. No members of the Low Dutch Company of Shelby County, Kentucky (whose names are well-documented in Company and land papers) have been matched to any GBB names. The reported Shelby County, Kentucky GBB names do not appear in LDC papers. Though the LDC was primarily (real) Dutch, they did accept other men of good character.
  5. No children of Andrew Shuck (est1733-1803) were married to surnames reported as GBB.

The one citation I have found that appears to be the source of the rumor about Andrew Shuck (est1733-1803) of Kentucky is in a book describing the early Kentucky Brethren congregations. It specifically names Andrew and Cornelius "Shock" and Shelby County, Kentucky. However, the pertinent passages contain fatal errors, so it is not reliable. Unfortunately, the author is deceased and I can find no further information. The book is Lest We Forget; Flory, Rolland F.; Volume III; Daniels Publishing Co., 1209 29th Street, Orlando, Florida 32805 (printer); 1976:

Adam was NOT the brother of Andrew and Cornelius Shock; that is virtually certain (Andrew Shuck (ca1833-1803) will and other evidence). Further, I do not see any chance that Andrew and Cornelius came from Pittsburg.

I believe that Flory got the families mixed up or he assumed that all Shock's came from the same family and immigrant ancestor. They did not, at least according to the evidence we have so far. They came from two different lines. I have no clue as to where Flory picked up the names of Andrew and Cornelius Shock. However, it does appear that Adam Shock was actually associated with the Dunkers.

Andrew (1775-1830) and Cornelius (est1772-1830/1840) Shuck (aka Shuck, Shoc) were sons of Andrew Shuck (est1733-1803). We have the will of Andrew Shuck (est1733-1803) and no Adam is named. The reported birth date of Adam Shock of Montgomery County, Ohio is December 12, 1764; Andrew had a son William "Billy" Shuck reportedly born February 25, 1765. Andrew Shuck (est1733-1803) is known to have lived in the area of Shepherdstown VA/WV from about 1762 to about 1783 and then migrated with a group of Dutch settlers to Shelby County, Kentucky. Brothers Andrew (1775-1830) and Cornelius (est1772-1830/1840) Shuck would have been born in Virginia and migrated to Kentucky with their parents and siblings when they were still young children. I see no Pittsburg connection. Consider also that their older brother Mathias Shuck (1759-abt1846) served in the Revolutionary War as a Private in the Virginia Militia, which was contrary to GBB beliefs.

Further, I have seen no evidence that John and Michael Shock/Shuck ever resided at Shelby County Kentucky; they went to Washington/Marion County, Kentucky. This line has been well-documented. No known relation to Andrew Shuck (ca1833-1803), but not disproven, either.

In Shock Family History 1730-1979; Ferverda, Mrs. Hiram (Irene Shock), and White, Mrs. Lester (Pauline Shock)) 1979; North Webster, Indiana; is the following passage on Page 9:

I believe this may be where Flory became confused. There is, of course, the possibility that I may be wrong and Flory had sources we have not seen and cannot find. But for now, this is what I have. Note that according to the Larry Shuck book, John Shick/Shuck (1723-1804) migrated to Washington County, Kentucky in 1795 (age about 72) and died there in 1804. Would he have gone there without his sons??? Makes the above 1812/3 date suspect.

The ancestry and spouse of Adam Shock (1764-1843) is apparently disputed, but many researchers show him as son of John Shock/Shuck (1723-1804) who reportedly was born at Unterheinreit Parish, Erbach, Wurttemberg, Germany; died at Springfield, Washington Co., Kentucky; and married Mary Margaret Wagner (1733-1795/1804). (Prior researchers gave his birth as 1730, but subsequent research says he was born 1723, son of Andreas Schock and Anna Magdelena.) Data is fairly clear that Adam Shock (1764-1843) did migrate to, live and die in Montgomery County, Ohio. Research on this also claims that his siblings included brothers John (1763-1814) and Michael (1767-1855). There apparently is no specific evidence proving Adam Shock's ancestry. Also, I have seen NO evidence that John and Michael ever resided at Shelby County Kentucky; they went to Washington/Marion County, Kentucky. John Shock/Shuck (1723-1804) did not have any sons named Andrew or Cornelius. (I have not researched this line myself, so will not vouch for its accuracy.)

Shuck/Shook Dunker Connection? Part II

From John Shook's Maiden's Choice Website: "The Genealogy Website for the Descendants of Lawrence Shook"
Lawrence Shook was born in 1733. He is first recorded as living in Frederick Co., MD in 1758. He moved to Hardy Co., WVa in 1773. He migrated to St. Clair Co., Illinois in 1801, where he died c.1820.

Lawrence had a close relationship with the German Baptist Brethren: his "Maiden's Choice" land in MD is near the Brethren Conococheague congregation's lands, he refused to swear an oath of allegience in 1770, and at least three of his children were married by a Brethren minister. Lawrence's parents may have been Brethren, or he may have converted to the Brethren after he settled near the Conococheague Brethren in 1758. Families associated with Lawrence in Maryland and West Virginia include the Stuckeys and Neffs, who also had deep Brethren ties. Both families, for example, are well represented among the earliest Brethren in Ohio [T. S. Moherman, "A History of the Church of the Brethren: Northeastern Ohio," Brethren Publ. House, 1914]. Interestingly, both the Stuckey and Neff surnames are Swiss in origin, and early members of these families were persecuted Swiss Anabaptists.

Lawrence's family may be one of the many Schoch/Schuck lines which were of the German Lutheran or Reformed faiths living in Pennsylvania. Alternatively, Lawrence's family was German Baptist Brethren from the Palatinate, or his family is descended from one of the New York Palatinate families that started out at Livingston Manor. More remotely, "Shook" might be a corruption of "Schaick" and his family is from one of the Van Schaick families that had lived in the New York City and Albany areas going back to the mid-1600's. The possibility that Lawrence and Herman Shook are brothers/cousins is fairly remote. Herman’s family was from the Netherlands, he was a "Dutch scholar," and he was of the Reformed faith. Lawrence’s family was probably from Germany, he was an illiterate blacksmith, and he was a "Dunker," which was a local name for German Baptist Brethren, referring to their practice of adult baptism.

So here we have another possible, but unproven connection of a Shook to the Dunkers. Also, Frederick County Maryland apparently adoins or is in close proximity to Berkeley County WV, Frederick Co. WV, Jefferson Co. WV, Adams Co., PA and York Co., PA, all of which are associated with various Shuck/Shook's AND people who went to Shelby County, Kentucky with the Low Dutch.

Shelby County, Kentucky Dunkers

However, the general information surrounding the early Brethren church does show some very interesting parallels, circumstances and "coincidences" with respect to migration, locations and names. Brethren congregations were known to have existed in Shelby County, Kentucky; Antietam, Virginia (now West Virginia) (1752); Conewago, Pennsylvania (1741); Lancaster County, Pennsylvania; and Amwell, New Jersey (1733). Antietam is about four miles from Shepherdstown. Early migration of these Brethren shows movement through Pennsylvania, Virginia and the Ohio River Valley that roughly parallels the time and place of the migration of Andrew Shuck and family. (Was there a Brethren presence at Lincoln or Mercer County?) From Brethren on the Ohio Valley Frontier; Merle C. Rummel; April, 1998:

A little farther west, in Shelby County, Kentucky, was the Beech Creek Church. George Boone came to this church, but it is better known for the leadership of the "Brethren Association" that came from it: Adam Hostetler; Adam Ribble; Jacob Henley; the Stutsmans, Hardman, Leatherman, Bower, Shock, Tanner, Snider, Miller. This was one of the "Brethren Association" churches and went Disciples of Christ after 1826.

I have not been able to find anything further about the Shelby County congregation and do not know Rummel's source for these names and evidence of their connection to the GBB congregation. Inclusion of Shock may have been based on Flory's passage, above. However, a quick, incomplete check of some censuses did confirm that these families did, in fact, live in Shelby County. The 1810 census turned up Shelby County listings which included: (Ancestry.com transcription spellings) David Leatherman, Jacob Leatherman, Peggy Leatherman, Adam Hastutter, Abraham Hostutler, Christian Hostutler, Joseph Ribble, Jacob Ruble, Darley Hanley, Daniel Harden, John Harden, William Hardin, Abraham Hartman, Abraham Heartton, Jonathan Hartinon, John Shouce, Carneline [Cornelius?] Shuck, John Shuck. Henry County 1810: Cos [Cornelius?] Shuck. A quick, incomplete check of the 1820 census turned up Shelby County listings for: (Ancestry.com transcription spellings) Adam Hostetler, David Leatherman, George Letherman, Henry Letherman, Adam Snider, Adam Snider, Christopher Snider, Gabriel Snider, George Snider, John Snider, Jonas Snider, Daniel Shouse, Cornelius Shuck, John Shuck.

I have not seen anything such as a history, membership records, etc. of the Disciples of Christ at Shelby or Henry County ca. 1826.

However, the above passage has been updated, apparently in 2006, in its online version. I am including the preceding two paragraphs as well:

By 1790 there were Brethren Churches over many areas of Kentucky. In the east, near the Limestone landing (now Maysville, KY) were several churches: the Concord Church, the Log Union Church, the Shannon Church. Here the main trace up through Kentucky came past the Blue Licks (salt springs) to the Ohio River. Many Brethren names are found in this popular area. George Tarvin, David (Stover/?Stouder?), Francis Horner and Francis Myers were ministers there. These were "Brethren Association" churches; they went Disciples of Christ, following the Great Revival and Annual Meeting action of the 1820s.

The largest congregation was north of Boonesboro, toward Limestone. It was on Hinkston Creek, near Mount Sterling Kentucky. Jonas Hahn and his son Peter were here, as were the Coleglazer, Garver/Garber Hendricks, Keithley, Kern, Landess, Lantz, Moler, Ockerman, Ramsey, Rebelin, Rowland, Sears, Welty, West, Wyatt, Zimmerman families. This was a "Brethren Association" church, and went Disciples after 1826.

A little farther west, on the Shelby/Spencer County line, was the Beech Creek Church near Mount Eden, Kentucky. George Boone came to this church, but it is better known for the leadership of the "Brethren Association" that came from it: Elder Adam Hostetler; Adam Ribble; Jacob Henley; the Stutsmans, Hardman, Leatherman, Bower, Shock, Tanner, Snider, Miller. This was one of the "Brethren Association" churches and many of it went Disciples of Christ after 1826, but some stayed Baptist, and are associated with a local early Primitive Baptist Church. Many Brethren from this church crossed the Ohio River into Southern Indiana. They were in early churches in Clark, Harrison, Washington and Orange Counties.

-- www.cob-net.org/docs/brethrenlife_frontier.htm

In the updated version, it now states that the Beech Creek Church was "on the Shelby/Spencer County line." According to current data, Mount Eden is in Spencer County. According to a slide-show on the same website http://www.cob-net.org/docs/kentucky-frontier-brethren.swf Slide 54, it is now known as the "Briar Ridge Christian Church" "Off the Kentucky River - east of Louisville" at "Little Beech Creek / south of Mount Eden KY." A subsequent slide (56) (these are bulled-pointed) states:
- "Little Beech Creek"
...
- Here - home of Elder Adam Hostetler
- an Elder out on the Ban - by the Elders
- Later = he moved north of Ohio River
- to Stultzman area/Clark grant
- buried at the Olive Branch Cemetery"

The address of the Mount Eden church is:

Briar Ridge Christian Church
Christian Church
Address 3951 Briar Ridge Rd
Mount Eden, KY 40046-7030
Phone (502) 738-5225
However, the claim does not seem confident. Note that the above church is different from the Mt. Eden Christian Church.

The next slide (57) names families: Daniel and Jacob Bower; John Bowman; Caleb, Isaac and Mary Carman; George Crist; John Ham; Anthony Hardman; Jacob Henley; Christian Hostetler; Christian Leatherman; Christian Miller; Frederick and William PRoce; Adam Ribble; William Shock; Jonas Snider; Mathew and Joseph Tanner; Ruble, Taylor, Turner, Young.

Rummel states: "... after 1826, but some [Dunkers] stayed Baptist, and are associated with a local early Primitive Baptist Church." However, there is no clue as to which church that was, which would provide a lead to trace families. The "other" Baptist MAY have been called "English" by the Dunkers.

The History of Shelby County, Kentucky (Geo. L. Willis, Sr.; 1929) does not appear to include this Dunker Baptist church. In Part III "Churches and Schools" , Chapter I "Shelby County Baptists" a "Beech Creek Church" is mentioned:

Beech Creek Church, of "Regular Old School Baptists" was organized in 1796. It was "constituted in the same faith as the Elkhorn Association and Salem Association constituted both in 1785. The church was located in the southeastern part of the County, two miles south of Waddy, and its activities for 130 years form no small part of the history of that section. It has had three different buildings during the years. Its first pastor was John Penny, its second, Warren Cash, who was succeeded in turn by Moses Scott, James McQuade, Abraham Cook, John Holland, Geo. Bristo, Caleb Guthrie, Garland William, W. D. Ball, John Knight, N. A. Humston, John F. Johnston, James E. Newkirk, J. W. Hardesty, and the late Elder P. W. Sawin.
but there does not seem to be a connection, particularly from looking at the names of the families.

The History of Shelby County, Kentucky continues in Part III "Churches and Schools" with Chapter II "Christian Churches." This denomination is described in the book as: "Church of the Disciples, the Church of Christ and formerly more often called the 'Campbellite' or the 'Reform Church'" which is currently officially known as the Disciples of Christ. (Some denominations contain "Christian" in their names (e.g. "Christian Church") but are not necessarily Disciples of Christ. That needs to be determined on a case-by-case basis.) The history then describes briefly the revival and conversion movement that occurred in the 1820's and continues with the congregations. As the book states: "As is generally known it was largely the offspring of the Baptist and Presbyterian denominations" the revival and conversion movement consequently drew predominantly from those two denominations. However, no connection with the Dunker churches seems indicated though it is not surprising that its members could be cught up in revival furvor as their cultural connections to their German heritage would have faded over time and the difficulty of a GBB central church authority maintaining control over such remote branches.

I have copied a bit more background information about the Dunkers here that may possibly lead to a connection in the future. Note, in particular, the involvement of Squire Boone and his brother George Boone with the Dunkers. Squire Boone sold to the Low Dutch Company the land in Shelby County that they eventually occupied. I had seen previously that Squire was reportedly a Baptist minister, but according to Dunker sources, his early association was with the Dunkers.

More About The Dunkers in Kentucky

A few very cryptic notes here. The Cob-Net website does have an excellent synopsis of early migration that shows movement through Pennsylvania, Virginia and the Ohio River Valley that roughly parallels the time and place of the known migration of Andrew Shuck and family: Church of the Brethren - Unoffical Website - "The Migration and Expansion of the Brethren in America

Further, this section describes the following:

From Brethren Life - Brethren on the Ohio Valley Frontier by Merle C. Rummel

From Brethren Life - Frontier Journal by Merle C. Rummel (selected items)

1769
      Daniel Boone's first trip to Kaintuck.

1783  Tates Creek Church (Madison County, KY) George Boone, Squire
        Boone, ministers  - near Boone's Station (near Lexington KY);
        settlement from Carolinas, Maryland and Pennsylvania.
      Revolutionary War ends, Treaty of Paris.
      Annual Meeting speaks against the Distilling of Whiskey.
        This is hurtful to the frontier farmers, who have no other way
        to make profit from an excess of corn (too distant from eastern
        coastal city markets).  It is ignored by western Pennsylvania
        Brethren.

1784  Cincinnatus (Fort Washington) Ohio Territory.
      Toney family makes first summer excursion into the Mountains
        of the New River, gathering 'Sang (Ginseng), Great Kanawah
        Valley (near Beckley WV)  This is one of the early groups
        moving down the Shawnee War Path, Kanawha Trace, toward the
        Ohio River, southern Virginia.
        [See note about "Kanawah" following.]

1785   The Madison County, VA church moved to Kentucky, on the banks
        of the Ohio River, Bullitsburg, Boone Co/John Tanner, minister
        Miller and Moyer families to Penns Valley (Northumberland
        Co/now Centre County, PA).
      Henry Rhoads leads migration from Brothers Valley to
        Muhlenberg County, KY.  Brethren services meet in his log house.

1790  Hinkston Creek Church (Montgomery County, KY) Peter Hahn, Daniel
         Ockerman, Joseph Molar, John Garver -ministers; largest KY
         Church, settlement from Carolinas.
      Beech Creek Church (Shelby County, KY) Jacob Stutzman, George
         Boone, ministers:  settlement from Carolinas and Maryland,
         near the Falls, Louisville:  Elk Creek Church (Spencer County, KY).
      Drakes Creek Church (Warren County, KY) John Hendricks, elder;
         settlement from Carolinas, Brethren Universalist (may be "John
         H.." of 1798 AM bann).
      Dutch Settlement (Muhlenberg County, KY) Francis Stump, elder;
         George Wolfe, minister; settlement from Pennsylvania (Henry
         Rhoads -Brother's Valley).
         Stephen Bolender/Christian Waltsmith, ministers -to Penns
         Valley, PA.
      David Colglazier comes to the mouth of Indian Creek (Clermont
         County, OH).
      John Bowman family comes to Obannon Creek (Warren County, OH)
      Elder Daniel Leatherman died (MD).
      General Josiah Harmer leads frontier army to disaster near
         Fort Wayne;  Miami Indian Confederation under Little Turtle .


1795  Obannon Church (Clermont County, OH) Frederick Weaver, minister;
         founded by Elder David Stouder (?Stover of Limestone KY).
      Elder George Wolfe Sr from Brownsville PA to Logan County, KY
      Elder Christian Hostetler from Meyersdale PA to Mt Eden,
      Shelby County, KY, builds a Brethren church building.

1808  ...
      George Wolfe Jr, Jacob Wolfe and Adam Hunsaker move to Union
         County IL, from Kentucky.

1813  Brush Creek Church (Darke County, OH) Philip Younce, elder
         Elder John Hendricks (Kentucky) dies.
      George Wolfe Jr ordained to ministry by Elder Adam Hostetler
         of Shelby County, KY.  With them is young Peter Hahn.


Unfortunately, the early congregations did not keep records. Keeping of membership records, they believed, was "prideful." There is no further information at the Brethren Library and Archives at Elgin, Illinois. I was not able to determine where Flory found the names of Andrew and Cornelius.

The Cob-Net website does have some names associated with the early congregations. I have looked through a few (there are a lot of congregations, but many of the names do not indicate geographic location) and did not see any names of persons that I recognize as having settled in early Shelby or Henry County.

Final thought: "Cornelius" seems to be a Dutch name, not German; used in other Low Dutch families.

About the Brethren

A lot of information on the web. Do a Google search on "German Baptist Brethren", "Schwarzenau Brethren" and/or "Church of the Brethren" to learn more. A few very cryptic notes and links here. ROOTS-L Digest V04 Issue #272:

The Long Run Association

The Long Run Association is mentioned in the History of Shelby County, Kentucky within the Chapter for the Christian Churches but is never described. It was and is an association of Baptist congregations in the area. From the website of the The Long Run Association

Long Run Baptist Association is a network of over 160 autonomous Baptist churches in four-county area of Bullitt, Jefferson, Oldham, and Spencer that join to do ministries together that they could not do apart. The Long Run Baptist Association has been serving the Greater Louisville Metro area for over two centuries. The Greater Louisville Metro area, which is the sixteenth largest city in the United States, comprises over 1,000,000 people. In 1803, the same year that Lewis and Clark began their expedition, twenty-four churches gathered at the Long Run Baptist Church. United in purpose and vision, they joined their resources in an effort to carry out the Great Commission.

A much more detailed and extensive history is from Spencer's A History of Kentucky Baptists (1886) at: Early History of the Long Run Baptist Association in Kentucky [Part 1 ? 1803-1816] at Baptist History Homepage.

A few links: