PHILIP WARD'S

A LIFETIME'S READING

THE WORLD'S 500 GREATEST BOOKS

 

Philip Ward (1938-) is a librarian, scholar, editor and author of more than 50 books. His A Lifetime's Reading: The World's 500 Greatest Books provides an ambitious plan to guide reader's through the great books. He explains his purpose in writing the book as follows: " Like most professional librarians, I have at one time or another glanced across a library to see a man or woman of eighteen to twenty daunted - even bewildered - by the sheer richness of the library treasures that are waiting to be enjoyed, the great minds to be understood, the poet's voices to be heard, the characters of fiction to be encountered. My heart has been touched by the magnitude of their choice. I long to offer them the plays of Euripides and the stories of Isaac Babel, the love songs of Dante and the wisdom of Mencius. But I know help must be given only when sought. A maturity that is bullied into life is not worth having."

"So I have written this book - fruit of a lifetime's reading happily not quite over - in the hope that it will serve as a literary guide to readers looking forward to many thousands of hours of pleasure."

The book is divided into fifty chapters, or 'years' to provide a discipline for the reader, but Philip Ward notes that the books can be read in any order. In the following tables we use the yearly groupings, but have, of necessity, abbreviated the rich bibliographic information that the author provides. For each title cited, the author has provided a brief but consistently insightful  description of the book. All serious readers should consult the book and enjoy Philip Ward's exceptional scholarship.

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YEAR 1
Lewis Carroll (1832-1898) Complete Works
Plato (c429-347 BC) Apology. Crito. Phaedo
  The Old Testament
Vaclav Havel (1936-) The Garden Party. The Memorandum
  The Epic of Gilgamesh
Tacitus (c55-c120 AD) Annals. Histories
Ondra Lysohorsky (1905-) Selected Poems
Ernst Hans Gombrich (1909-) The Story of Art
George Steiner, ed. Poem into Poem: World Poetry in Modern Verse Translation
Pierre Abelard (1079-1143) and Heloise (1101-1164) Letters. Historia Calamitatum of Abelard
YEAR 2
  The New Testament
Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus (c69 - after 121 AD) The Twelve Caesars
Murasaki Shikibu (c978-1030 The Tale of Genji
William Shakespeare (1564-1616) Tragedies
Vincent Van Gogh (1853-1890) Complete Letters
Alexei Maximovich Peshkov (Maxim Gorki) The Lower Depths and Other Plays
Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834) The Portable Coleridge
Lin Yutang (1895-) The Importance of Living
Aeschylus (525-456 BC) Oresteia
YEAR 3
Samuel Leghorne Clemens (Mark Twain) (1835-1910) The Adventures of Mark Twain. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
Edward Conze, ed.  Buddhist Scriptures
Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky (1821-1881) The Brothers Karamazov
Ramón Gómez de la Serna (1888-1963) Greguerias. Seleccion
William Trevor (1928-) The Love Department
Teresa de Jesús (1515-1582) The Life of Saint Teresa
Lucius Apuleius (c125 - c180) The Golden Ass or The Transformations of Lucius
Emily Dickinson (1830-1886) Complete Poems
Flavius Arrianus (Arrian) (c100-180 AD) Anabasis
Arthur Conan Doyle (1859-1930) The Penguin Complete Sherlock Holmes
YEAR 4
  The Penguin Book of French Verse
  Talmud
Gustave Flaubert (1821-1880) Sentimental Education
Sylvia Plath (1932-1963) The Bell Jar
Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais (1732-1799) The Barber of Seville. The Marriage of Figaro
Publius Ovidius Naso (Ovid) Metemorphoses
Jean de la Fontaine (1621-1695) Fables Choises Mises en Vers
Plutarch (c46-c127) Parallel Lives
Cecil Maurice Bowra Primitive Song
Charles Dickens (1812-1870) The Pickwick Papers
YEAR 5
Gustave Flaubert (1821-1880) Madame Bovary
Aristophanes (c448- c388) Plays
Albert Camus (1913-1960) The Stranger. The Plague. The Fall
Teodor Josef Konrad Korzeniowski (Joseph Conrad) The Secret Agent. Under Western Eyes
François de Montcorbier (Villon) (1431-after 1462) Poems
Ssu-Ma Ch'ien (145- c86 BC) Records of the Grand Historian of China
Reiner Kunze (1933-) Poems. Stories. The Lovely Years
Jean Baptiste Poquelin (Moliere) (1622-1673 Selected Plays
Boris Pasternak (1890-1960) Doctor Zhivago
Francois-Mariet Arouet (Voltaire) (1694-1778) Candide. Zadig. L'Ingenu
Gaius Plinius Caecilius Secundus (Pliny) (c 62- c113 AD) Letters
YEAR 6
Stanley Burnshaw, ed. The Poem Itself
Max Frisch (1911-) Andorra. I'm Not Stiller
  The Song of Roland
Friedrich Durrenmatt (1921-) The Visit. The Physicists
Émile Zola (1840-1902) Thérèse Raquin. L'Assommoir. Germinal
Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849) Complete Stories and Poems
Honore Balzac La Comédie Humaine
Alexander Nikolayevich Ostrovsky (1823-1886 The Thunderstorm
Gilbert Keith Chesterton (1874-1936) The Father Brown Stories
YEAR 7
Frederick Brittain The Penguin Book of Latin Verse
Nagai Kafu (1879-1959) Kafu the Scribbler: The Life and Writings
Titus Maccius Plautus (c254-184 BC) Comedies
Juan Ruiz (c1283 - c1350) The Book of Good Love
Marcus Tullius Cicero (106-43 BC) Selected Works
Charles Singer A Short History of Scientific Ideas to 1900
Emily Jane Brontë (1818-1848) Wuthering Heights
Publius Vergilius Maro (Virgil) (70-19 BC) Aeneid
F.J. Lamport, trans. Five German Tragedies
Edward Gibbon (1737-1794) The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
YEAR 8
Benedetto Croce (1866-1952) Philosophy, Poetry, History: An Anthology
Carlo Goldoni (1707-1793) Three Comedies: Mine Hostess, The Boors and The Fan
Issa J. Boullata, ed. Modern Arab Poets, 1950-1975
Dino Buzzati (1906-1972) The Tartar Steppe
Giorgio Vasari (1511-1574) Lives of the Most Eminent Painters, Sculptors and Architects
Catullus (c84-c54 BC) Poems
Luigi Pirandello (1867-1936) The Late Mattia Pascal. Six Characters in Search of an Author
Charles Darwin (1809-1882) On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection
Dante Alighieri (1265-1321) The New Life
Henri Beyle (Stendahl) (1783-1842) The Red and the Black
YEAR 9
Dante Alighieri (1265-1321) The Divine Comedy
Wu Ch'eng-en (c 1510-1582) Monkey or The Journey to the West
Benvenuto Cellini (1500-1571) Autobiography of Benvenuto Cellini
William Shakespeare (1564-1616) Poems
Italo Calvino (1923-) The Non-Existent Knight and The Cloven Viscount. The Baron in the Trees
Henri Beyle (Stendahl) (1783-1842) The Charterhouse of Parma
Giacomo Leopardi (1798-1837) Poems
Daniel Weissbort, ed. Post-War Russian Poetry
YEAR 10
Charles W. Jones, ed. Medieval Literature in Translation
Miguel De Cervantes (1547-1616) The Adventures of Don Quixote
William Shakespeare (1564-1616) Poems
Pablo Neruda (1904-1973) Canto General
Thomas Mann (1875-1955) Buddenbrooks
Gabriel Téllez Tirso de Molina) (1583-1648) The Rogue of Seville
  Songs of the Provençal Troubadours
Camilo Jose Céla Journey to the Alcarria
P'u Sung-Ling Strange Stories from a Chinese Studio
Antonio Machado Juan de Mairena: Epigrams, Maxims, Memoranda, and Memoirs of an Apocryphal  Professor, with an Appendix of Poems from 'Apocryphal Songbooks'
YEAR 11
Lope Félix de Vega (1562-1635) Five Plays
Wang Ck'ung (27 - c97AD) Philosophical and Miscellaneous Essays
Juan de la Cruz (St. John of the Cross) (1542-1591 Complete Poetry
William Shakespeare (1564-1616) The Comedies
Gabriel Garcia Márquez (1928-) One Hundred Years of Solitude
Herodotus (c484 - c424 BC) Histories
J.M. Cohen, ed. The Penguin Book of Spanish Verse
Arthur W. Ryder, trans. Panchatantra
Jorge Luis Borges (1899-) Fictions. Labyrinths. The Aleph and Other Stories
Lucius Annaeus Seneca (c4 BC - 65 AD) Letters from a Stoic
YEAR 12
Gil Vicente (c1465-c1536) Four Plays
Tanizaki Junichiro (1886-1965) The Makioka Sisters
Luís Vaz de Camões The Lusiads
Konstantin Paustovsky (1892-1968) The Story of a Life
Josée Maria Eça de Queiróz The Sin of Father Amaro. Dragon's Teeth. The Maias
Suryakant Tripathi Nirala (1898-1961) A Season on the Earth: Selected Poems
Alves Redol (1911-) The Man with Seven Names
T.S. Dorsch, trans. Classical Literary Criticism (Aristotle: On the Art of Poetry. Horace: On the Art of Poetry. Longinus: On the Sublime)
Fernando Pessoa (1888-1935) Selected Poems
François Rabelais (c1494-1553) The Histories of Gargantua and Pantagruel
YEAR 13
Leonard Forster, ed. The Penguin Book of German Verse
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832) Faust
Harold Pinter (1930-) The Caretaker. The Room. The Dumb Waiter
Johann Jakob Christoffel von Grimmelshaysen (c1625-1676) Simplicius Simplicissimus
Wang Wei (c699-c761) Poems
Bertolt Brecht (1898-1956) The Good Woman of Sezuan. The Caucasian Chalk Circle
Titus Lucretius Carus (c99-c55 BC) The Way Things Are or The Nature of Things
Victor Hugo (1802-1885) The Hunchback of Notre Dame. Hernani
Michael Hamburger, ed. East German Poetry: An Anthology
Albert Schweitzer Out of My Life and Thought. On the Edge of the Primeval Forest. More From the Primeval Forest
YEAR 14
Leo Nikolayevich Tolstoy (1828-1910) Anna Karenina
Paul Ancel (Paul Celan) (1920-1970) Poems
G.S. Kirk and J.E. Raven, eds. The Presocratic Philosophers: A Critical History with a Selection of Texts
Friedrich von Schiller (1759-1805) Don Carlos
Shih Nai-an (1296-1370) Water Margin
Hugo von Hofmannsthal (1874-1929) Selected Prose. Poems and Verse Plays. Selected Plays and Libretti
Karl Marx (1818-1883) Das Kapital
Jerome Rothenberg, ed. Shaking the Pumpkin: Traditional Poetry of the Indian North Americas
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832) Autobiography. Poetry and Truth from Mu Own Life
Paul Klee (1879-1940) The Thinking Eye. The Nature of Nature
YEAR 15
Franz Kafka (1883-1924) Collected Works
Su Tung-P'o (1036-1101) Selections from a Sung Dynasty Poet
Hermann Hesse (1877-1962) The Glass Bead Game (Magister Ludi)
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) The Interpretation of Dreams
Fernando de Rojas (c1465-1541) The Spanish Bawd (Celestina)
Hans Magnus Enzensberger (1929-) Poems
Herman Melville (1819-1891) Moby Dick, or The White Whale
Gerhart Hauptmann (1862-1946) Five Plays
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1759-1832) Poems
Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) Confessions
YEAR 16
Constantine A. Trypanis, ed. The Penguin Book of Greek Verse
P. Lai, ed. Great Sanskrit Plays in New English Transcreations
Pausanias (c120-180) Guide to Greece
Homer Odyssey
David Herbert Lawrence (1885-1930) Sons and Lovers
Aristotle (384-322 BC) Politics
Plato (c429-347 BC) The Republic
  Shih Ching (The Book of Songs)
Osip Emilievich Mandelstam (1891-1938) Selected Poems
   
YEAR 17
Xenophon (c429-c354 BC) Cyraedia ( The Education of Cyrus)
Robert Burns (1759-1796) Poems and Songs
Euripides (c480-406 BC) Tragedies
Leonardo da Vinci Notebooks
Epicurus (341-270 BC) Writings
Heinrich von Kleist (1777-1811) Writings
Homer Iliad
Chikamatsu Monzaemon (1653-1725) Major Plays
Sophocles (c496-c406) Tragedies
YEAR 18
Somadeva Bhatta (11th Century AD) Kathasaritsagara
Nazim Hikmet (1902-1963) Selected Poems
Musharrif Ad-Din b. Muslih Sa'di (c1208-c1292) Gulistan
Mehmet b. Süleyman Fuzuli Leyla and Mejnun
Evliya b. Dervis Muhammad (Evliya Celebi) (c1611-c1684)  Narrative of Travels in Europe, Asia and Africa
Jalal Ad-Din Rumi (1207-1273) Mathnawi. It Contains What It Contains
Oliver Goldsmith The Vicar of Wakefield. She Stoops to Conquer. The Deserted Village
Sadeq Hedayat (1903-1951) The Blind Owl
Yahya Kemal Bayatli (1884-1958) Selected Poems
Mohammed Shamsuddin Hafiz (1327-1390) Divan
YEAR 19
James Kritzeck, ed. Anthology of Islamic Literature, From the Rise of Islam to Modern Times
Jean-Paul Sartre (1905-1980) Nausea
  Al-Qur'an (The Koran)
Publius Terentius Afer (Terence) Comedies
A.J. Arberry, trans. Al Mu'allaqat as-Sab (The Seven Odes, The First Chapter in Arabic Literature)
Richard Francis Burton Personal Narrative of a Pilgrimage to El-Medinah and Mecca
Procopius (c498-c560) Works
'Ali Ahmad Ibn Hazm (994-1064) Tawq al-hamama (The Dove's Necklace or The Ring of the Dove: A Treatise on the Art and Practice of Arab Love)
Giuseppe Gioachino Belli (1791-1863) The Roman Sonnets
Muhammad bin 'Abdullah Ibn Battuta (1304-1369) Rihla (Travels in Asia and Africa)
YEAR 20
Jean-Nicolas-Arthur Rimbaud (1854-1891) Complete Poems
Richard Burton, trans. Alf Layla wa Layla (A Thousand and One Nights
Pedro Calderón de la Barca (1600-1681) Life Is a Dream
  Hadith (Narrative) or Traditions of Islam
Daniel Defoe (c1660-1731) The Life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robert Crusoe of York, Mariner
'Abd Ar-Rahman bin Muhammad Ibn Khaldun (1332-1406) Kitab al-'Ibar (Book of Instructive Examples) Muqaddimah (Prolegomena)
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (1844-1900) Thus Spoke Zarathustra 
Abu Muhammad Al-Qasim Al-Hariri (1054-1122) Magamat (The Assemblies)
Takeda Kiyosada (Takeda Izumo) (c1690-c1749) Chushingura
Marcus Annaeus Lucanus (Lucan) (39-65) De Bello Civili (Concerning the Civil War) Pharsalia: Dramatic Episodes of the Civil Wars
YEAR 21
Joseph, Freiherr von Eichendorff (1788-1857) Memoirs of a Good-for-Nothing
Abu 'Uthman Amr Bin Bahr (al-Jahiz) The Life and Works of Jahiz
Po Chü-i Chinese Poems
Abu Hamid Muhammad Al-Ghazzali (1059-1111) The Deliverer from Error
Sinuhe (c2000BC The Story of Sinuhe
Yevgeni Ivanovich Zamyatin (1884-1937) We
Henry Brooks Adams (1838-1918) Mont-Saint-Michel and Chartres. The Education of Henry Adams
Chaim Nachman Bialik (1873-1934) Selected Poems
Thomas Hardy Jude the Obscure
Ahmad Ibn Husain (Al-Mutanabbi) (915-965) Poems
Harry Elmer barnes (1889-) A History of Historical Writing
YEAR 22
Dmitri Obolensky, ed. The Penguin Book of Russian Verse
The Aztecs Miguel Leon-Portilla's Aztec Thought and Culture. Michael D. Coe's Mexico. Jacques Soustelle's The Daily Life of the Aztecs
Leo Nikolayevich Tolstoy (1828-1910) War and Peace
William Blake (1757-1827) The Complete Writings
Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (1860-1904) Plays
Patanjali (c300 AD) Yogasutra
Marco Polo (c1254-1324) Travels
Ivan Alexandrovich Goncharov (1812-1891) Oblomov
Kamo No Chomei (1153-1216) An Account of My Hut
YEAR 23
Aristotle (384-322 BC) Nichomachean Ethics
Fyodor Mihailovich Dostoevsky (1821-1881) Crime and Punishment
Charles Lamb (1775-1834) Essays of Elia. Last essays of Elia
Isaac Emmanuelovich Babel (1894-c1940) Collected Stories
Norbert Lynton The Story of Modern Art
Ivan Sergeyevich Turgenev (1818-1883) Fathers and Children
Mirza Asadullah Beg Khan (Ghalib) (1797 or 1798-1869) Ghazals of Ghalib: Versions from the Urdu
Alexander Isayevich Solzhenitsyn (1918-) One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich
Kukai (774-835) Kukai and His Major Works
Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin (1779-1837) Eugene Onegin
YEAR 24
William Theodore de Bary, comp. Sources of Chinese Tradition
Anonymous The Quest of the Holy Grail 
Cyril Birch, ed. Anthology of Chinese Literature
Jane Austen (1775-1817) Pride and Prejudice
Li Po (alos Li T'Ai Po) (701-762)  Poems
Ts'ao Hsüeh-ch'in (also Ts' Ao Chan) (c1715-c1763) The Dream of the Red Chamber
Federico García Lorca (1898-1936) Three Tragedies
K'ung Fu-tzu (Confucius) (c551-479 BC) Analects
Alexander Ivanovich Kuprin (1870-1938) The Garnet Bracelet
Mao Tse-tung Selected Works
YEAR 25
Meng Tzu (Mencius) Works
Federica García Lorca (1898-1936) Selected Poems and the essay Teoria y Juego del Duende
James Legge, trans. The Texts of Taoism
John Keats (1795-1821) Poetical Works
Anonymous Chin P'ing Mei
John Baptiste Poqeelin (Molière) Selected Plays
Tu Fu (also Tu Kung-pu) (712-770) Poems
Wu Ch'ing-tzu (1701-1754) The Scholars
Arthur Schopenhauer (1778-1860) Essays and Aphorisms
Chou Shu-jen (Lu Hsün) (1881-1936) Selected Works
YEAR 26
William Theodore de Bary et.al., comps Sources of Indian Tradition
Colin Smith, ed. Cantar de Mio Cid (The Poem of the Cid)
Franklin Edgerton, trans. Bhagavad Gita
Saint Aygustine (354-430) Confessions
John Brough, trans. Poems from the Sanskrit
Dhan Ray Shrivastav (Premchand) (1880-1936) The Gift of a Cow. World of Premchand: A Selection of Short Stories
Francesco Petrarca (Petrarch) Poems. Prose. The Triumphs. Letters from Petrarch
H. Kern, trans. Saddharma-Pundarika Sutra (The Sutra of the Lotus of the True Law)
William Faulkner (1897-1962) The Sound and the Fury
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (1869-1948) An Autobiography: The Story of My Experiments with Truth
YEAR 27
Thucydides (c471-c400 BC) History of the Peloponnesian War
Khushhal, Khan Khatak (1613-1689) Divan (Poems from the Divan)
Edward Morgan Forster Passage to India
S.Radhakrishnan, trans. Dhammapada
Michael Benikt & George E. Wellwarth, eds. Modern Spanish Theatre: An Anthology of Plays
Abe Kimifusa (Abe Kobo) (1925-) The Woman in the Dunes
Faiz Ahmad Faiz (1911-) Poems
Günter Grass (1927-) The Tin Drum
Mallanaga Vatsyayana (c3rd century AD) Kama Sutra
Robert Lowell (1917-1977) Poems
YEAR 28
Valmiki (c3rd century BC) Ramayana
R.E. Hume or S. Radhakrishnan, eds. Upanishads
Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation
Harry Aveling, ed. Contemporary Indonesian Poetry
Pio Baroja (1872-1956) The Restlessness of Shanti Andia and Other Writings
Chairil Anwar (1922-1949) Complete Poetry and Prose
Helen Waddell, trans. Mediaeval Latin Lyrics
Kautilya (c late 4th century) Artha Shastra
Takasue No Musume (Lady Sarashina (1008-c1065) As I Crossed a Bridge of Dreams
Baldassare Castiglione (1478-1529) The Book of the Courtier
YEAR 29
George S. Fraser & Samuel Weiser, eds. Sacred Writings of the Sikhs
Guy de Maupassant (1850-1893) Complete Short Stories
Kenneth Hurlstone Jackson, trans. A Celtic Miscellany
James Boswell (1740-1795) The Life of Samuel Johnson
Hung Sheng (1646-1704) The Palace of Eternal Youth
François, Duc de La Rochefoucauld (1613-1680) The Maxims
René Karl Wilhelm Josef Maria Rilke (1875-1926)  
Mikhail Yevgrafovich Saltykov (Shchedrin or Saltykov-Shchedrin) (1826-1889)A The Golovlyov Family
Kabir (c1430-c1518) Kabir
Lucius Annaeus Seneca (c4 BC-65 AD) Moral Essays
YEAR 30
C.H.B. Reynolds, ed. An Anthology of Sinhalese Literature Up to 1815
Giuseppe Tomasi, Principe di Lampedusa (1896-1957) The Leopard
Chandidas (15th century) Love Songs of Chandidas
Lucian (c115-180) Works
T.W. Rhys, trans. Milindapañha (The Milinda-Questions)
Sandor Petöfi (1823-1849) Petöfi
Bibhutibhusan Banerji (1894-1950) Pather Panchali (Song of the Road)
Francis Bacon (1561-1626) The Advancement of Learning. New Atlantis. Essays
Bilhana (c1040-1095) Phantasies of a Love Thief
Joseph K. Yamagiwa, trans. Okagami (Great Mirror)
YEAR 31
Desiderius Erasmus (c1469-1536) Colloquies. In Praise of Folly
Friedrich Hölderlin Poems and Fragments
Jakob Rosenberg Rembrandt: Life and Work
Blaise Pascal (1623-1662) The Provincial Letters. Les Pensées
N.N. Birch, B.Raffel & W.S. Merwin, trans. A Thousand Years of Vietnamese Poetry
Baruch Spinoza Ethics
Emil M. Cioran (1911-) A Short History of Decay. The Temptation to Exist. The Fall Into Time. The New Gods
Francisco Gómez de Quevedo y Villegas (1580-1645) Sueños (Dreams or Visions). Historia de la Vide del Buscón
Theodoor Weevers, trans. Poetry of the Netherlands in its European Context, 1170-1930
Yoshida No Kaneyoshi (Kenko) (1283-1350) Essays in Idleness
YEAR 32
Robert Edler von Musil (1880-1942) The Man Without Qualities
Thomas Stearns Eliot (1888-1965) Collected Poems, 1909-1962
Denis Diderot (1713-1784) Memoirs of a Nun. Dialogues. Rameau's Nephew. Jacques the Fatalist and His Master
David Farrant Bland A History of Book Illustration: The Illuminated Manuscript and the Printed Book
G.B.H. Wightman & A.Y. al-Udhari, trans. Birds Through a Ceiling of Alabaster: Three Abbasid Poets
J. Darmesteter & L.H. Mills, trans. The Zend-Avesta
Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475-1564) The Complete Poems and Selected Letters
Ernst Robert Curtius (1886-1956) European Literature and the Latin Middle Ages
Decimus Junius Juvenalis (Juvenal) (c60-c140) Satires
Mo Tzu (c470-c391 BC) Basic Writings
YEAR 33
F.P. Magoun, Jr., trans. Kalevala (The Songs of Kalevala)
John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) Utilitarianism. On Liberty Representative Government. Autobiography
Henrik Ibsen (1828-1906) Brand. Peer Gynt
Gunnar Ekelöf (1907-1968) Poetry
Michel de Montaigne (1533-1592) Essays
Hjalmar Söderberg (1869-1941) Doctor Glas. Selected Short Stories
Sextus Propertius (c50-16 BC) Works
Knut Pedersen (Knut Hamsun) Hunger. Mysteries
John Donne (1572-1631) Poems
Einar Ölafur Sveinsson, ed. Brennu-Njáls Saga (Njal's Saga)
YEAR 34
Henrik Ibsen (1828-1906) The Pillars of Society. A Doll's House
Jean Cocteau (1889-1963) Les Enfant Terribles
Armas Eino Leopold Lönnbohm (Eino Leino) (1878-1926) Helkavirsiä (Whitsongs)
Henry Fielding (1707-1754) Tom Jones: The History of a Foundling
August Strindberg (1849-1912) Plays
Han Fei Tzu (c280-233 BC) Complete Works
Tarjei Vesaas (1897-1970) The Ice Palace. The Boat in the Evening
Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855) Either/Or. Stages on Life's Way
Chinua Achebe (1930-) Things Fall Apart
Snorri Sturluson  (or Sturlason) (1178-1241) Heimskringla
YEAR 35
Donald Keene, comp. Anthology of Japanese Literature to the Nineteenth Century
George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950) Man and Superman. Saint Joan
Ihara Saikaku (1642-1693) The Life of an Amorous Woman and Other Writings
Lu K'uan Yü, ed. Ch'an and Zen Teaching
Marie-René-Auguste-Alexis Léger (St.-John Perse  Poems
Matsuo Munefusa (Basho) (1644-1694) The Narrow Road to the Deep North and Other Travel Sketches
Geoffrey Chaucer (c1340-1400) The Canterbury Tales
Ueda Tosaku (Ueda Akinari) (1734-1809) Ugetsu Monogatori (Tales of a Clouded Moon)
Nippon Gakujutsu Shinkokai, trans. Manyoshu
Epictetus (c55-135) Discourses
YEAR 36
Geoffrey Bownas & Anthony Thwaite, Trans. The Penguin Book of Japanese Verse
Thomas De Quincey (1785-1859) Confessions of an English Opium Eater 
Donald Keene, ed. Twenty Plays of the N? Theatre
Isaac Bashevis Singer (1904-1980) The Family Moskat
R.D.M. Shaw, trans. Hekigan Roku (The Blue Cliff Records)
Par Lägerkvist (1891-1974) Evening Land
Kawabata Yasunari (1899-1972) The Snow Country. The Thousand Cranes
J. Gantz, trans. Mabinogion
Sei Shonagon (c966-after 1008) The Pillow Book
Marcus Annius Verus, later Emperor Marcus Aurelius Antoninus (121-180) Meditations
   
YEAR 37
Richard Ellmann, ed. The New Oxford Book of American Verse
Antoine-Francois, l'Abbe Prévost (1697-1763) Histoire du Chevalier des Grieux et de Manon Lescaut
John Ruskin (1819-1900) Praeterita
Quintus Horatius Flaccus (Horace) (65-8 BC) Odes
Oscar Wilde (1854-1900) Works
James Joyce (1882-1941) Ulysses
Nikolai Semyonovich Leskov (1831-1895) Selected Tales
AbolQasim Mansur bin Hasan Firdausi (or Ferdowski) (c940-1020) Shahnameh (The Epic of the Kings)
Benito Pérez Galdós (1843-1920) Nazarin. Halma. Misericordia
Wallace Stevens (1879-1955) Collected Poems
YEAR 38
Benito Pérez Galdós (1843-1920) Fortunata y Jacinta
Jayadeva (12th century AD) Gitagovinda (Love Song of the Dark Lord)
Samuel Pepys (1633-1703) Diary
Gaius Petronius Arbiter (d. c65 or 66 AD) Satyricon
Eugene O'Neill (1888-1953) A Long Day's Journey Into Night
Pre-Columbian Peru History of the Conquest of Peru by W.H. Prescott; The Vision of the Vanquished: The Indians of Peru Before the Spanish Conquest by Nathan Wachtel; Conquest of the Incas by John Hemming
Josef kvorecky (1924-) The Cowards. The Bass Saxophone
Demosthenes (384?-322 BC) Philippics, Olynthiacs, and Minor Public Orations
Marina Ivanovna Tsvetayeva (1894-1941) Selected Poems
Mary Ann Cross, née Evans (George Eliot) Middlemarch: A Study of Provincial Life
YEAR 39
E. Caracciolo-Trejo, ed. The Penguin Book of Latin American Verse
Lu Yu (1125-1210) Poems
Ewald Osers & J.K. Montgomery, trans. Modern Czech Poetry. Also Three Czech Poets, translated by Ewald Osers & George Theiner
Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862) Walden, or Life in the Woods
William Butler Yeats Collected Poems
Jaroslav Haek (1883-1923) The Good Soldier Schweik
Charles David Levy, ed. Portuguese Voyages (1498-1663)
Vera Rich, trans. Like Water, Like Fire: An Anthology of Byelorussian Poetry from 1828 to the Present Day
Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky (1821-1881) The Idiot
Bernard Johnson, ed. New Writing in Yugoslavia
YEAR 40
Jonathan Swift (1667-1745) Travels into Several Remote Nations of the World. By Lemuel Gulliver
Czeslaw Milosz, trans. Polish Post-War Poetry
Natsume Kinnosuke (Natsume Soseki) (1867-1916) Kokoro
Wole Soyinka, ed. Poems of Black Africa
James Cook (1728-1779) The Journals of Captain Cook on His Voyages of Discovery
Adam Bernard Mickiewicz (1798-1855) Pan Tadeusz
Richard Brinsley Sheridan (1751-1816) Plays
L. Surmelian, trans. Sasuntsi Davith (The Saga of Sassoun)
Slawomir Mrozek (1930-) Tango. The Ugupu Bird
Sever Trifu & Dumitru Ciocoi-Pop, eds. Romanian Poems: A Bilingual Anthology
YEAR 41
Anna Comnena (1083-c1153) Alexiad
Moses ben Jacob ben Ezra (c1055-c1138) Selected Poems
Giovanni Battista Vico (1668-1744) The New Science of Giambattista Vico
Samuel Beckett (1906-) Molloy. Malone Dies. The Unnamable. Waiting for Godot
Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (Lenin) 1870-1924) Selected Works. What Is to Be Done?
Shota Rustaveli (fl. 1200) The Man in the Panther's SkinMiguel de Unamuno (1846-1936)
Miguel de Unamuno (1846-1936) The Tragic Sense of Life in Men and Nations
Robert Graves (1895-) Collected Poems
Theodor Fontane (1819-1898) Effi Briest
Miklos Vajda, ed. Modern Hungarian Poetry. Also Th. Kabdebo's One Hundred Hungarian Poems

 
 
YEAR 42
Giovanni Verga (1840-1922) The House by the Medlar Tree. Littlt Novels of Sicily. Mastro Don Gesualdo
Jacobus de Varagine (c1227-1298) The Golden Legend
Guillaume de Lorris (c1212-c1237) and Jean de Meun (c1237-c1305) The Romance of the Rose
Laurence Sterne (1713-1768) The Life and Opinions of Tristam Shandy, Gent.
A. Alvarez, ed. Hungarian Short Stories. Also Folktales of Hungary by Linda Degh
Wang Shou-Jen (Wang Yang-Ming) (1472-1529) Instructions for Practical Living, and Other Neo-Confucian Writings
Akutagawa Ryunosuke (1892-1927) Roshomon and Other Stories
Judah Ha-Levi (c1075-after 1140) Selected Poems
James Joyce (1882-1941) Finnegan's Wake
Ludovico Ariosto (1474-1533) Orlando Furioso
YEAR 43
Charlotte Brontë (Currer Bell) Jane Eyre
Pindar (c518-c438) The Odes, Including the Principal Fragments
René Descartes Discourse on Method
Alessandro Manzoni (1785-1873) I Promessi Sposi (The Betrothed: A Tale of XVII Century Nolan
Bhartrhari (7th century AD) Poems
Sean O'Casey (1884-1964) Three Plays: Juno and the Paycock, The Shadow of a Gunman, The Plough and the Stars
Vladimir Nabokov (1899-1977) Ada or Ardor: A Family Chronicle
T'ao Ch'ien (365-427) The Poetry of T'ao Ch'ien
Ivy Compton-Burnett (1892-1969) A God and His Gifts
Gottfried von Strassburg (fl. 1210) Tristan
YEAR 44
Michael D. Coe The Maya. Also Herbert J. Spinden's A Study of Maya Art: Its Subject Matter and Historical Development
Ezra Pound (1885-1972) The Cantos
Mariano Azuela (1873-1952) The Underdogs
Octavio Paz (1914-) The Labyrinth of Solitude. Configurations
Chu Hsi (1130-1200) Reflections on Things at Hand: The Neo-Confucian Anthology
Pierre Corneille (1606-1684) The Chief Plays
Alejo Carpentier (1904-1980) The Lost Steps
Cesar Vallejo Poetry
Hasan ibn Ali Tusi, Nizam al-Mulk (1018-1092) The Book of Government, or Rules for Kings
Juan Jose Arreola (1918-) Confabulario and Other Inventions
YEAR 45
Henry Walter Bares (1825-1892) The Naturalist on the River Amazons
João Guimãares Rosa (1908-1967) Sagarana. The Devil to Pay in the Backlands
Thomas Paine (1737-1809) Rights of Man
Orlando & Claudio Villas Boas (1916-, 1918-) Xingu: The Indians, Their Myths
Walt Whitman (1819-1892) Leaves of Grass
Gilberto Freyre (1900-) The Masters and the Slaves. The Mansions and the Shanties. Order and Progress
Tokutomi Roka (Tokutomi Kenjiro) (1868-1927) Footsteps in the Snow
Theophrastus (c372-c287 BC) Characters
Charles-Louis de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu (1689-1755) The Spirit of the Laws
Publius Ovidius Naso (Ovid) (14 BC-17 AD  Ars Amatoria (The Art of Love)
YEAR 46
Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin (1799-1837) The Captain's Daughter and Other Stories
Torquato Tasso (1544-1595) Gerusalemme Liberata (Jerusalem Delivered)
Herbert Read (1893-1968) The Contrary Experience: Autobiographies. The Green Child
Vidyapati Thakur (1352-1448?) Love Songs
Pierre Carlet de Chamblain de Marivaux (1688-1763) Up from the Country
Luis Vélez de Guevara (1579-1644) El Diablo Cojuelo
Moshe Ben Maimon (Maimonides) (1135-1204) Guide for the Perplexed
Hermann Broch (1886-1951) The Death of Virgil
Milarepa (1052-1135) The Hundred Thousand Songs of Milarepa
Apollonius Rhodius (fl. 220 BC) Argonautica
YEAR 47
Peter H. Lee, trans. Anthology of Korean Poetry, From the Earliest Era to the Present
Ettore Schmitz (Italo Svevo) (1861-1928) Confessions of Zeno
Wang I Ch'u Tz'u: The Songs of the South
St. Thomas More (1477-1535) Libellus...de Optimo Reipublicae Statu, deque Nova Insula Utopia (Utopia)
Farid ad-Din Attar (c1136-1230) Ilahinama (The Book of Divine Wisdom). Mantiq at-Tair (The Parliament {or Conference}of the Birds
Christopher Marlowe (1564-1593) Complete Plays
Francois-Rene de Chateaubriand (1768-1848) Mémoires d'Outre-tombe (Memoirs)
Carlos Fuentes (1928-) Terra Nostra
Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882) The Portable Emerson
David Jones (1895-1974) In Parenthsis. The Anathema
YEAR 48
Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832) Waverly; or, 'Tis Sixty Years Since
Francesco Guicciardini (1483-1540) The History of Italy
Gerard Manley Hopkins (1844-1889) Poems
Henry James (1843-1916) The American Novels and Stories. The Portrait of a Lady
Li Ho (791-817) The Poems of Li Ho
Amos Tutuola (1920-) The Palm-Wine Drinker, and His Dead Palm-Wine Tapster in the Deads' Town
Vladimir Vladimirovich Mayakovsky (1893-1930) Poems
Ilango Adigal (2nd century) Shilappadikaram (The Ankle Bracelet)
Bertrand, 3rd Earl Russell (1872-1970) History of Western Philosophy
Shimazaki Haruki (Shimazaki Toson) (1872-1943) The Broken Commandment
YEAR 49
St. Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274) Selected Writings
George Borrow (1803-1881) Lavengro. The Romany Rye
A.K. Ramanujan, trans. Kuruntokai (The Interior Landscape: Love Poems from a Classical Tamil Anthology)
William Makepeace Thackery (1811-1863) Vanity Fair
H.T. Norris, trans. Sirat 'Antar (The Romance of Antar, The Adventures of Antar)
Benjamin Jonson (1572-1637) Plays
Salvador Dalí (1904-) The Secret Life of Salvador Dalí
Marcel Proust (1871-1922 À la Recherche du Temps Perdu (Remembrance of Things Past)
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831) Selections
Hiraoka Kimitake (Mishima Yukio) (1925-1970) The Sea of Fertility tetralogy (Spring Snow, The Runaway Horses, The Temple of the Dawn, Decay of the Angel)
YEAR 50
Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889-1951) Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus
Giovanni Boccaccio (1313-1375) The Decameron
Nur ad-Din 'Abd Ar-Rahman Jami (1414-1492) Baharistan
Plotinus (c205-c262) Enneads
Abu Bakr Muhammad bin 'Abdulmalik Ibn Tufail (c1105-1185) Hayy ibn Yaqzan (Alive, Son of Awake)
Jose Ortega y Gasset (1883-1955) Invertrebate Spain. The Revolt of the Masses
Sir Rabindranath Thakur (Tagore) (1861-1941) Collected Poems and Plays
Yuan Mei (1716-1798) Poems
John Milton (1608-1674) Areopagitica: A Speech for the Liberty of Unlicenc'd Printing. Poetical Works
Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) The Critique of Pure Reason
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