Monthly Newsletter of the
Olympia Amateur Radio Society
P.O. Box 2861, Olympia, WA 98507
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Minutes of March 25 OARS Meeting ARES/RACES Board Meeting Minutes April 5 Classes offered at Communications Academy 2001 Overwhelming response to Intruder Survey April OARS Meeting Program Treasurer's Report Notes from the Vice President Quake Survey summary Aerials and where to stick them OARS Net check-ins Amateur Radio Spectrum Protection Act Introduced in Senate AO-40 spinup under way ISS Slide Show now on OARS web site The divorce OARS Directory By Name
The meeting was called to order at 19:00.
The members introduced themselves. There were several guests in attendance, a couple of whom were Boy Scouts that had just completed the radio course that KI7SS provides.
There was no old business to discuss.
There was a brief discussion on the failure of Senate Bill SB 5002.
There was no new business brought forward. The formal segment of the meeting ended at 19:30.
KI7SS provided an interesting video on the Clipperton Island DXpedition.
- Dan Crane KB7DFL
ARES/RACES Board Meeting Minutes April 5
The meeting was called to order at 19:00. There were seven people attending.
Allan passed out a proposed budget for the year to be supplied to the SAR council. A motion was made and seconded to approve the budget. The motion passed.
Allan spoke of the need to formalize the ARES/RACES organization. A tentative organizational chart would consist of the following positions; EC, AEC, EOC, Red Cross, Medical, Events and a PIO.
It was said that there had been a request made to have a HAM report directly to KGY in the event of another emergency. This issue will be reviewed to determine a proper response to it.
Dan Philip requested that a 6 Meter radio be considered for the EOC. He feels that this would enhance communication between ARES and the Red Cross when needed.
Allan stated that the county commissioners had requested a listing of equipment wants and or needs for the ARES operation. DEM has also asked for information regarding this.
- Dan Crane KB7DFL
Classes offered at Communications Academy 2001
The APRS presentation at the 2001 Communications Academy in Seattle is Apr 21, Saturday, at 1515. More great presentations are planned on Saturday and Sunday.
Everyone interested in emergency communications is invited to attend. The FEMA communications van will be there Saturday. If you have not seen this mobile command post, it's awesome!
For more information, check out this website:
-- Dave Dobbins, via Paul KC7LA
Overwhelming response to Intruder Survey
The response to ARRL's call last fall for reports of apparent unlicensed operation on 10 and 12 meters has been "overwhelming," according to Brennan Price, N4QX, administrator of the ARRL Monitoring System. The survey last October 1-14 was initiated in response to an increasing number of complaints from the amateur community.
Price said that more than 400 separate reports, nearly all from United States amateurs, detailed more than 1000 separate instances of apparent unlicensed operation. An analysis suggests that nearly half of the transmissions originated in the US. Of the remaining reports, most appeared to document transmissions originating in Latin America.
"The variety of languages, dialects and beam headings relating to these transmissions clearly indicates that this is a worldwide problem," Price said. Surveys by monitoring-system administrators in other IARU Region 2 countries confirm this conclusion, he said.
ARRL has shared its data with the FCC. Price points out that before the Commission can take any action, an offending transmission must be documented and its source found. "Given the changeable nature of 10 and 12-meter propagation, especially at the top of the sunspot cycle, this is not an easy task," Price said. He said the FCC cannot make its sophisticated HF direction-finding facility available for routine intruder-signal searches.
Price said the FCC relies on the Amateur Service to be self-policing and has indicated that it is most likely to act in suspected unlicensed operator situations when amateurs themselves document the cases.
Price said active use of the bands by licensees is the best way to discourage unlicensed operation.
"It is not easy or quick work, but it has been successfully done in the past," he said.
April OARS Meeting Program
Ted Buehner, Warning Coordination Meteorologist with the National Weather Service (NWS) in Seattle will present and discuss, in a fast-paced, fact-filled presentation, the NWS partnership, NWS operations, Washington weather hazards, the Skywarn weather spotter program, and much more.
V.P. Lee KI7SS will be in Spokane during the night of this program. Ken, K7TAG, invited the presenter and will introduce him.
As of 3/31/01
GENERAL FUND (checking account)
Previous balance $ 2,239.50
Ending balance 2,486.25
REPEATER / PACKET FUND (savings account)
Previous balance $ 910.94
Ending balance 917.79
-- Ed Fitzgerald, N7WW, Treasurer
Notes from the Vice President
Another Technician class is planned; interested people should call 866-0800. This class will meet during the weekday, over two weeks. (The last class was completed March 24 and resulted in about 20 new licenses, many of whom are 12 to 14 year old Boy Scouts in Troop 266.)
Upcoming events include: support for the yearly Simulated Emergency Exercise, the YMCA 10K, the MS Walk-A-Thon, the Capitol City Marathon, an SCCA Road Rally, Field Day, and the Lakefair Parade.
-- Lee, KI7SS
Quake Survey summary
Thurston County ARES/RACES 28 Feb 01 earthquake debriefing survey questionnaire
There were 24 questionnaires returned. The answers are summarized here. Some answers have been consolidated and some have been combined into generalized comments.
When did you FIRST get on the air: 15 stations within the first half hour.
you lose commercial power?
7 YES 12 NO
If yes, how long were you without commercial power? from 4 to 14 hours
yes, were you able to operate your ham radio equipment without commercial
power for that entire period?
12 YES 1 NO
What Ham related duties did you perform? (Include monitoring): Radio operations at EOC, Red Cross radio room operations, County Complex operations, Group Health, Red Cross shelter operations, mobile damage assessment, running messages, monitoring net, net control, repeater control operations, checking in with the State EOC via APRS and HF, monitoring HF (State EOC), and monitoring other frequencies.
How many miles did you drive related to those Ham related duties? (Total)344 miles.
What Bands and Modes did you operate? 2m, 220, 440 FM voice, 2m APRS, HF voice (3.987 MHz), 40 Meters
you experience interference?
1 YES 19 NO
If YES, how was it resolved? Turned off packet machine at EOC (interference with 2M)
you use any non-ham modes of communications? (i.e. internet, phone, CB,
16 YES 4 NO
If YES, what modes: Red Cross Lo Band (47.42 MHz), text messages via digital cell, phone, cell phone, cable email, email, county radio, internet, 800 MHz trunked system
you lose phone services?
11 YES 11 NO
Type of service No Service Difficult to access service
3 hour ave. 4.5 hour ave.
Analog cell phone 4 hour ave. 5 hour ave.
Digital cell phone 4 hour ave. 3.5 hour ave.
you able to access the Internet (Email, etc?)
12 YES 5 NO 4 N/A
What type of access do you have? (Cable seemed reliable, dial up depended on phone system)
General Topic Questions were essay in nature. They are included here in no particular order: they are not presented in order of importance. The attempt was to provide a complete picture of the comments given. Some overlap of comments was included, a few were combined into a single idea. Comments were reworded to a general nature ("need to keep radio handy"). If any comments were omitted, it was inadvertent (except that comments such as "I was out of town" were excluded).
lessons did you learn?
Cell phones go down, phones get incoming calls better than outgoing, keep radio in car / available, need clarification of ARES mission for operators, re-establish contacts with decision-makers at remote locations (Med Net comment), fax machine with auto-dial can work well for longer text messages, need additional ham operators in county locations, need Red Cross lo band radio in the EOC, need to be able to remotely monitor power status at Crawford Mt, local hams want some procedures available for passing non-emergency traffic, APRS is good for passing short messages to the State EOC, need to keep fresh batteries on hand and upgrade power supply, need practice to verify communication ability (non-ham frequency item), 2m packet unit at EOC interferes with the 2m voice, need internet communication ability in Radio Room at EOC, need paperwork (log in sheets and message forms) handy in EOC (so that the operator can find them quickly in an emergency), need to replace microphone in the EOC 2m unit (tone buttons on back tend to get pushed and interfere with voice transmission).
did you observe that was done right?
Good work at EOC, good work in general for Ham and Red Cross communications, good coordination of services and fast response, good preplanning, damage assessment and shelter operations via Ham communications, net well organized and disciplined, good operator availability, good message handling, "most everything," observation of net procedures and protocol, EOC activation, no misinformation or gossip passed.
did you observe that could have been done better?
Listen before transmitting (especially first few minutes), additional use of Ham radio for information, better assignment of operators (notification of when to monitor and when to stand down and check back in), clarification of stand-down status (making sure that ARES was completely de-activated and not just sent home for the evening) , improve PR after the event to promote Ham activities, better control operator activity, better awareness of non-RACES Hams and their availability, need procedures for passing non-emergency traffic (controlled by net control station), link could have been dropped on repeaters (saving power at Crawford) and 220 used for a command net (freeing 2m for more non-emergency traffic), first station on air should have assumed net control, asking for regular status reports from stations, clarification of mission for individual operators, need emergency frequencies outside of OARS area, need to check battery condition more often, clarification of emergency and priority traffic restriction, ARRL ARES Field Manuals need to be filled out in the EOC and at home, discussion with EOC included discussion about self-activation of ham resources at KGY.
-- Allan J Jones
Aerials and where to stick them
There are a great many types of antenna and most of them function best when they are erect. This is because of 'standing-waves' which produce energy in a vertical plane. Energy in the horizontal plane requires 'lying-down waves' and this is why most of the radiated and received energy is termed 'ecstatic' rather than 'magnetic.' (Kirchhoff's fourth and fifth laws of self-immolation present a heated argument on this subject.)
One of the most famous aerials is the diamond-shaped "Ron Bick" aerial, named after its inventor Ron Bick of Watford, England. This aerial is very good but, because of its size, it has two main disadvantages -- it is difficult to erect vertically, and it is of limited use in fast-flying jet aircraft.
Another aerial that deserves a mention is the Log Periodic -- so I have mentioned it.
I will now move quickly onto the three 'pole' antennas, namely the monopole, the dipole and the tripole. The last-mentioned can be disregarded as it is not now in use. The reason for this is fascinating, but I can't remember what that reason is. The monopole is very useful for LF, MF and HF but has limited usefulness at VHF frequencies where one should use the stereopole if maximum enjoyment is required.
At this point the reader may feel that there has been some neglect of the technical aspect of aerials. This is true and the author intends to deal with the dipole in depth technically, but at the same time try to satisfy the natural curiosity of the non-technical reader.
The word 'dipole' is a composite of two Latin words, 'di' meaning 'six' and 'pole' meaning 'sticks.' So it can be easily seen, even by the most ignorant, that a dipole is made from six sticks. As the reader will already know from my in-depth study of the Log Periodic, six sticks will have a much wider aperture than only one stick. Now we come to the technical bit. Pushing these sticks into the ground at regular intervals will give a quasi-omniphysical deltoid stub-matching line-of-sight high incident ground-wave. If three of the 'sticks' are coated with an intensely ionised P material and the other three coated with un-ionised N material then Zowie! -- it's instant Receivesville man. (It is hoped that the reader will forgive the author for occasionally lapsing into the vernacular, particularly when excited.)
Another thing about aerials that must be remembered is feeder independance. If the feeders of dipoles are spread apart it changes the natural independance of the aerial from 75 Ohms to 250 Megohms. As is commonly known, it is impossible to hear anything with that sort of resistance in the aerial feeder. So best not to do it.
Other types of aerial in constant use are the 'Beverage' (called the 'T' aerial in Britain). This is also called a long wire and is 1.5 inches long at 16 GHz. The Inverted X is also famous but not much in use as no-one can decide which way up it is supposed to be.
Finally, we move on briefly to microwaves where there are special considerations to be taken into account. Microwave and satellite signals can 'bounce around' all over the place and can become what is technically known as 'dirty.' However, fortunately there is one aerial which can be used effectively to 'clean up' these 'dirty' signals. This is, of course, the very well-known Carbolic Dish.
-- found on the Web 4/1/02
OARS Net check-ins
The following stations checked in on the OARS General Information Net in March 2001.
AB7NE AB7PS K7CEZ
K7TAG KA4VVA KB6ZBS KB7DFL
KB7JD KB7NMU KC7CKO KC7FEC
KC7LA KD7ISO KF6GAQ KI7SS
N7AGG N7EIM N7JHJ N7SSD
N7TPT N7WW W3GE W7SAY
The net meets at 7:30 every Tuesday evening on the 3 linked OARS repeaters: 147.36, 224.46, and 441.40 MHz. All Hams are invited to check in.
Amateur Radio Spectrum Protection Act Introduced In Senate
The Senate version of the Amateur Radio Spectrum Protection Act of 2001, introduced earlier this month in the US House, now is officially S.549. Republican Sen. Michael Crapo of Idaho introduced the bill in the US Senate March 15.
Democratic Sen. Daniel Akaka of Hawaii was a cosponsor. The bill has been referred to the Senate Commerce, Science, and Transportation Committee. In introducing the Senate measure again this year, Crapo and Akaka referred to the importance of Amateur Radio in providing communication in times of disaster.
S.549 is identical in its wording to H.R.817, introduced in the House of Representatives March 1 by Rep Michael Bilirakis of Florida. If approved by both chambers and signed by Pres George W. Bush, the Spectrum Protection Act would require the FCC to provide equivalent replacement spectrum should it ever reallocate primary Amateur Radio spectrum to another service. The same requirement would apply if the FCC acted to diminish any secondary amateur allocations or to make additional allocations in ham bands that diminish their utility.
Bilirakis and Crapo introduced the Spectrum Protection Act in a past session of Congress at the request of the ARRL. The League's Legislative and Public Affairs Manager Steve Mansfield, N1MZA, says he's encouraged by the fact that the Spectrum Protection bill is getting a head start with early introduction in both chambers this time around.
More information on the Spectrum Protection Act, including the full text of the bills, is available on the ARRL Web site:
-- ARRL Bulletin 11
AO-40 spinup under way
While using the onboard magnetorquing system to adjust AO-40's attitude, AO-40 ground controllers were able to bring the spin rate from nearly 18 RPM down to 1.8 RPM -- the planned final value. Now, they're planning to raise the spin rate to 5 RPM to check excessive attitude change.
Citing what he called "some confusing results," AMSAT-DL President and key AO-40 project team member Peter Guelzow, DB2OS, said AO-40's attitude had changed faster than the experts believed possible.
Ground controllers theorized that the effects of drag at perigee were much higher than anticipated. The extra drag at perigee might have been caused by Earth's atmosphere ballooning outward in response to solar activity. As a result, it was decided to spin up the spacecraft to compensate for the too-rapid changes in attitude due to drag.
"This will give us additional breathing space," Guelzow said. Ground controllers have commenced a five-perigee magnetorquing sequence to raise the spin rate to 5 RPM. "In addition," Guelzow said, "preparations to test the arcjet thruster, as soon as accurate attitude is determined, are under way."
Further plans for orbit correction and commissioning of AO-40 will depend on how the arcjet tests go. If the arcjet tests are satisfactory, initial transponder operation could be attempted before summer.
AO-40's telemetry data stream halted briefly late last week. "Because of the recent very high solar activity, the AO-40 team at first thought that the IHU-1 had crashed," Guelzow said. It was later determined that a soft error had occurred and was corrected by the onboard EDAC, or Error Detection and Correction unit.
-- ARRL Bulletin ARLS006
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ISS Slide Show now on OARS web site
The web site now includes a spectacular set of pictures from the International Space Station. Click on the link you will find near the top of the main page. The slide show was put together as a PowerPoint presentation; it should be viewable using either Netscape or Internet Explorer. In case you forgot, the OARS site URL is:
Thanks to Dave LeFevre, KC7FEC, for sending me the PowerPoint file.
-- George Lanning, KB6LE
A problem in communications
A judge was interviewing a woman regarding her impending divorce, and asked, "What are the grounds for your divorce?" She replied, "About four acres and a nice little home in the middle of the property with a stream running by."
"No," he said, "I mean what is the foundation of this case?" "It's made of concrete, brick and mortar," she responded." "I mean," he continued, "What are your relations like? "I have an aunt and uncle living here in town, and so do my husband's parents."
He said, "Do you have a real grudge?" "No," she replied, "We have a two-car carport and have never really needed one."
"Please," he tried again, "Is there any infidelity in your marriage?" "Yes, both my son and daughter have stereo sets, and we don't necessarily like the music, but the answer to your question is yes."
"Ma'am, does your husband ever beat you up?" "Yes," she responded, "about twice a week he gets up earlier that I do."
Finally, in frustration, the judge asked, "Lady, why do you want a divorce?" "Oh, I don't want a divorce," she replied. "I've never wanted a divorce. My husband does. He says he can't communicate with me."
-- David, ZL3AI
OARS Directory By Name
Name Call Address City ST ZIP Phone
W1PRT 4316 Chambers Lake Dr. SE Lacey WA 98503
Ruth Barber K1IIF 4316 Chambers Lake Dr. SE Lacey WA 98503 360-438-5921
James Belluomini KD7GZM 9101-186 Steilacoom Rd SE Olympia WA 98513 360-491-3766
Ben Bennett N7IVM 1212 Tabitha Ct NW Olympia WA 98502 360-705-8533
Jon Bennett W7LWB 7132 Hawks Prairie Rd NE Lacey WA 98516 360-459-0697
Frank Bergess KD6ZBS 427 Sawmill Ct SE Olympia WA 98513
Dave Blohn KD7KQD PO Box 998 Rochester WA 98579
Sandy Blohn KD7LIN PO Box 998 Rochester WA 98579
Ruth Bolstad KC7QHK 700 Black Lk Blvd SW #135 Olympia WA 98502 360-754-7433
Duane Bradford WB7ROZ 204 Shadow Ln NE Olympia WA 98506
David Bushell KC7AIJ 1908 Thurston NE Olympia WA 98506 360-754-4588
WA7RDJ 9101-24 Steilacoom Rd. Olympia WA
Sharon Campbell N7DHE 9101-24 Steilacoom Rd. Olympia WA 98513 360-491-6460
George Carle N7ARY 1809 Centerwood Dr SE Olympia WA 98501 360-943-3536
Chris Chambers KA7BNS 908 Narnia Lane NW Olympia WA 98502 360-866-0800
Kristopher Chambers KC7ZWN 908 Narnia Lane NW Olympia WA 98502 360-866-0800
Lee Chambers KI7SS 908 Narnia Lane NW Olympia WA 98502 360-866-0800
Marie Chambers KC7MNM 908 Narnia Lane NW Olympia WA 98502 360-866-0800
Morgan Chambers KC7VNY 908 Narnia Lane NW Olympia WA 98502 360-866-0800
James Cox W7QIS 2727 Canterbury St Springfield OR 97477
Lois Cox KB7HTX 4818 Belwood Dr. NE Olympia WA 98506 360-357-6256
Daniel Crane KB7DFL 4310 Glen Terra Dr. SE Lacey WA 98503 360-459-1564
K7TAG 1120 Palomino Ct SE
Tumwater WA 98501 360-534-9357
Rick Damitio W7DOY 7023 Mullen Rd SE Olympia WA 98503 360-491-2587
Curt Dawell 1708 Ann St Olympia WA 98506 360-357-2771
Tom Dennis KA4VVA 1919 Evergreen Pk Dr #18 Olympia WA 98502 360-754-6651
AA7MX 918 Corral Lane SE
Tumwater WA 98501 360-357-4447
James Elliott AA7OH 3455 Martin Way #18 Olympia WA 98506 360-456-5571
Gary Ernest N7HKI 2718 24th Ave. SE Olympia WA 98501 360-352-2503
Isabel Ernest KA7WIC 2718 24th Ave. SE Olympia WA 98501 360-352-2503
KC7MNK SE 2311 Cole Rd
Shelton WA 98584
Dorothy Ferris W7ZPS 2318 Boulevard Ct. SE Olympia WA 98501 360-357-2219
Ray Ferris W7ZOW 2318 Boulevard Ct. SE Olympia WA 98501 360-357-2219
Bill Fill KD5IC 3 Fair Oaks Dr Conway AR 72032 501-327-0337
Dora Anna Fill NI5D 3 Fair Oaks Dr Conway AR 72032 501-327-0337
Ed Fitzgerald N7WW 5006 Lacey Blvd. SE Lacey WA 98503 360-491-2289
Gard Forester KF6GAQ PO Box 8721 Olympia WA 98509 360-438-9860
Robert Goodnow N7JHJ 4017 Indian Summer Dr SE Olympia WA 98513 360-456-2427
KB7JDL 2409 Morse Rd SE
Olympia WA 98501 360-352-9189
Mark Hannigan K7CEZ 2409 Morse Rd SE Olympia WA 98501 360-352-9189
Ron Hill W7NN 10624 Zephyr Ln SW Olympia WA 98512 360-352-7779
Allan Jones W7SAY 2752 Stratford Ln SW #3532 Tumwater WA 98512 360-352-7516
KE7HA 1120 Chestnut SE
Olympia WA 98502 360-943-1368
Dorlene Keppler N7HFS 1120 Chestnut SE Olympia WA 98502 360-943-1368
Sharon Kinder N7SSD 502 S. Edison St. Olympia WA 98501 360-943-6187
KB6LE 4129 Green Cove N.W.
Olympia WA 98502 360-866-2185
David LeFevre KC7FEC 3737 Golden Eagle Lp SE Olympia WA 98513 360-456-7825
Paul Leach N7GGX 2030 Cardinal Lane Lacey WA 98503 360-438-5777
Charles Lindberg KD7BXD 925 Surrey Trace SE Olympia WA 98501 360-754-9844
Robert Lyon AA7YD 7734 Nottingham Ct SE Olympia WA 98503 360-459-9263
Sara Lyon AB7PS 7734 Nottingham Ct SE Olympia WA 98503 360-459-9263
N7EIM 900 Grant St SW
Tumwater WA 98512 360-943-1624
Keith McDonald N7JSK 10337 Carney Dr. SE Olympia WA 98501 360-352-2514
Keith McIntosh K2SAR PO Box 788 E Olympia WA 98540
Matt McKibbin AB7OF 4020 14th Crt NE Olympia WA 98506 360-438-3396
Barbara McRoberts KB7OSX 9101-68 Steilacoom Rd SE Olympia WA 98513 360-438-2965
Dick McRoberts WB9ZIP 9101-68 Steilacoom Rd SE Olympia WA 98513 360-438-2965
John Moore N7GMC 2407 Tyndell Circle SW Tumwater WA 98502 360-357-6234
Kathleen Moore KC7RHK 2407 Tyndell Circle SW Tumwater WA 98502 360-357-6234
H.J. Motomatsu WB7AKL 5107 Matsu St NW - Trlr Olympia WA 98502 360-866-7975
Wallace Music W7UUO 5305 Stikes Ct. SE Lacey WA 98503 360-491-0354
K7WJP 19100 Huntington St SW Rochester
WA 98579 360-273-4528
Paul Patton K7JJY 4031 21st Ave SE Apt 219 Lacey WA 98503 360-943-3701
Ghery Pettit N6TPT 3131 Leeward Ct NW Olympia WA 98502
Bill Phillips AB7PT 1111 Archwood Dr SW #279 Olympia WA 98502 360-754-0271
KC7FEE 6625 Bellevista St NW Olympia
WA 98502 360-866-1961
Rollo Shaw AB7NE 1809 Sawyer St SE Olympia WA 98501 360-754-968
Kenneth Smith W7HRY 7627 Cooper Point Rd NW Olympia WA 98502 360-866-2507
Thom Solberg N7KTG 3067 60th Ave SE Olympia WA 98501 360-456-3297
Kip Stilz K7KIP 4625 Norcross Ct SE Olympia WA 98501 360-456-4949
KC7OQJ 3720 Wesley Loop NW
Olympia WA 98502 360-866-0683
Paul Taylor KC7LA 3720 Wesley Loop NW Olympia WA 98502 360-866-0683
Rick Taylor K7CAH 613 N. 5th Tumwater WA 98512 360-943-6793
Bill Tilton K7OKC 506 South King St. Centralia WA 98531
Deloise Tilton KB7GEG 506 South King St. Centralia WA 98531
WC7I 5034 Meridian Rd. NE
Olympia WA 98506 360-456-4249
Kathy Watkinson KC7OQM 1405 9th Ave SE Olympia WA 98501 360-943-4352
Larry Watkinson KC7CKO 1405 9th Ave SE Olympia WA 98501 360-943-4352
Chuck West KC7SPZ 9315 Deerbrush Ct SE Olympia WA 98513 360-459-8790
Al Williams K7PUC 706 Frederick St NE Olympia WA 98506 360-753-1328
Jeff Withers W3GE 6010 193rd Ave SW Rochester WA 98579 360-273-8614
Lisa Withers KB7PNX 6010 193rd Ave SW Rochester WA 98579 360-273-8614
Dona Wolfe N7HOE 4848 Marian NE Olympia WA 98506 360-459-9447
Tom Wolfe N7HOD 4848 Marian NE Olympia WA 98506 360-459-9447
Amy Wong KC7FED 1416 Dogwood St SE Lacey WA 98503 360-438-7411
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