"Translated" Seattle area forecast discussion.

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Area Forecast Discussion National Weather Service Seattle WA 3:00 AM PDT Wednesday Aug 5 2015 .
Synopsis: — an upper trough will bring some showers today. Drier and warmer weather will prevail Thursday and Friday with high pressure aloft in control. Another upper trough will bring some showers and cooler temperatures over the weekend.
.
Short term: — the early morning infrared satellite loops shows clouds will be on the increase over the next few hours as an upper level trough over Southern British Columbia digs Southward

. A few showers should develop over the North interior and North Coast by midday or so. For the Puget Sound area — the main shot at any precipitation comes with a convergence zone that will form sometime after 21Z

before eventually dissipating over the Central Cascades late tonight. Both the WRF GFS and NAM models are insistent that we will get at least some precipitation out of the the Puget Sound convergence zone — between one and two tenths of an inch in the Seattle metropolitan area. The Cascades from King County Northward could get as much as a half inch. Precip chances were edged up slightly from the previous forecast. Today will be the coolest day in over a week. It will be interesting to see if sea tac manages 70 degrees. If it doesnt get there — our 70 degree or higher streak would end at 53 days which is now 2nd longest in the Seattle areas 121 year climate record. The upper level trough axis shifts into Northwest Montana by early Thursday morning

with a low amplitude upper level ridge building into Western Washington . Except for a few morning showers in the mountains — it will be a dry day on Thursday. Inland areas should be mostly sunny by afternoon while low level moisture could hang on a little longer near the coast with persistent onshore flow. Temperatures will rebound closer to climatic average on Thursday. The upper level ridge axis will shift East of the region by Friday afternoon

. 850 millibar temperatures peak near 12 or 13c on Friday — which translates to the warmest spots Seattle Southward warming to near 80. .
Long-term: — models are in good agreement with another upper level trough affecting the region this weekend

. None of the models are quick with ejecting the trough Eastward — so we are probably looking at several days of mostly cloudy skies — near or below normal temps — and chance of showers mainly for the coastal and mountain areas. The models start to go off the rails by the middle of next week with some pushing the trough Eastward and others forming a cutoff low to our South. Little change was Made to the extended forecast overnight. 27


.
Aviation: — an upper level low over the Central B. C. Coast at 09Z

will move Southeast down the B. C. Coast and over Southwest B. C. By 00Z this afternoon

. Strong onshore flow developed last night which has brought more marine air over the West WA interior. With no visible stratus on the coast last evening it will take until close to sunrise this morning for stratus to begin forming over the interior. The marine layer should be moderately deep with Marginal Visual Flight Rules ceilings expected. Ceilings will lift this afternoon — but the approaching upper level low will provide enough lift to maintain Visual Flight Rules broken ceilings after 18Z. Scattered showers should develop in the afternoon as the low moves down over cyvr. sea — good Visual Flight Rules conditions should continue until around 12Z when Marginal Visual Flight Rules stratus should begin forming. The stratus will lift in the late morning and afternoon for layers scattered broken clouds at 3000 ft. bkn050. A few light showers may develop this afternoon. Surface winds will remain South Southwest up to 6 knots this morning — then 5-10 knots this afternoon. Kam


. Marine — moderate to strong onshore flow will continue across West WA this week — between a large surface ridge over the Northeast Pacific and lower pressure over East WA

. Strong onshore flow last night brought Gale force winds to the Central and East Strait of Juan de Fuca. The Gale is still hanging on but winds should ease back to 15 to 25 knots early this morning. Both the arw and the Canadian lam maintain 15 to 25 kt Small Craft Advisory level winds in the Strait today before increasing the winds again to high end Small Craft Advisory this afternoon and tonight

. Both models also push the Small Craft Advisory winds over the parts of the North inland waters and Admiralty Inlet adjacent to the Strait — so Small Craft Advisory have been issued for both areas. A weak ridge will form just offshore Thursday night

for slightly weaker onshore flow. Moderate to strong onshore flow will redevelop Friday night — just ahead of a weak cold front approaching the area

. The front will move inland late Friday night or Saturday morning. Behind the front — a weak surface ridge will build along the coast this weekend. At this point with the surface ridge over West WA

— the 00Z WRF GFS is showing sub Small Craft Advisory winds in the Strait for Saturday and Sunday. Seems weird and a little hard to believe after the persistent onshore flow we have had for most of this summer. Kam


. Seattle

Watches/Warnings/Advisories

— WA — none.

Puget Sound

 Gale Warning Central Strait and East entrance tonight. Small Craft Advisory Admiralty Inlet tonight.


www. Weather. Gov/Seattle you can see an illustrated version of this Discussion: at http://www. Weather. Gov/seattle/gafd/latest_webafd.html
Other regional discussions translated:  Seattle | Spokane | Portland | Pendelton | Medford
The Area Forecast Discussion is issued four times daily around 3AM, 9AM, 3PM, and 9PM.
The original form of the discussion, in all CAPS can be found at http://www.srh.noaa.gov/data/SEW/AFDSEW or With hyperlinks to Jargon http://www.wrh.noaa.gov/total_forecast/getprod.php?prod=XXXAFDSEW&wfo=sew&dict=no&version=0
Another form with hyperlinks to images referenced in the discussion can be found at: http://www.wrh.noaa.gov/sew/gafd/latest_webafd.html

A complete list of airport weather stations used for the METAR reporting system is at: http://adds.aviationweather.gov/metars/stations.txt . Regional airports weather station designations are at the bottom of this page.


For a Glossary of jargon used in these discussions see this link

NWS Glossary lookup. . You can either type in the word you are looking for in the box below or browse by letter.

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To learn about cloud types see this article with pictures

Discussion Heights*:

Under normal conditions, a 1000 mb height is near the surface (sea level - 400 ft),
standard sea level pressure is 1013.25 mb at 15C°
By looking up current pressure and temperature, we can calculate what the standard mb height levels are today.

Typical Heights* values above the 850mb level.:

Standard sea level pressure is 1013.25 mb at 15C° — also known as a standard atmosphere.
Most of the time,
1000 mb is near the surface (sea level - 400 ft) (In really deep low pressure, Sea level pressure can drop well below 990mb.)
850 mb is near 1,500 meters (5,000 ft),
700 mb is near 3,000 meters (10,000 ft),
500 mb is near 5,500 meters (18,000 ft),
300 mb is near 9,300 meters (30,000 ft).
*Note: When 500mb heights are said to be "rising to 540" it means 5400m above sea level. (height above zero geopotential meters.)
But, confusingly, when discussing 850mb heights, the convention is to omit the leading 1, so that 850mb heights of "540 dam" are actually 1540 meters above sea level.

(What committee came up with all this? I guess we have to remember that bits used to be very expensive.)
Just remember that when (constant pressure) heights rise it means that the pressure on the surface is rising too. More on heights and how they are reported: http://www.theweatherprediction.com/basic/obs/


For Cloud levels (aka ceilings) in the untranslated discussion: Just add two zeros to the right to get the actual forecast cloud level in feet. So 030 is 3,000ft.


Alternate Weather Jargon glossaries:
NWS official glossary -- Very complete except for idiosyncratic forecasters Or use above form.
Contractions only from NOAA
http://lena.jax.org/localinfo/weather/txt/glossary.html
http://www.crh.noaa.gov/dtx/afdterms.php
http://www.theweatherprediction.com/jargon/
METAR interpretation http://weather.cod.edu/notes/metar.html
NOAA's official abbreviations http://weather.cod.edu/notes/abrv.html

Acronyms
ACARS	Aeronautical Radio Communications Addressing Reporting System
VFR     Visual Flight Rules

   Numerical Forecast Models Abbreviations
CMC Canadian Meteorological Centre
ECMWF European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts
GEM Global Environment Multiscale (CMC's short-range model)
GFDL Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory's Hurricane Model
GFS Global Forecast System (formerly known as the AVN and MRF)
MM5 Penn State University/National Center for Atmospheric Research's Mesoscale Model
NAM North American Mesoscale (formerly known as the Eta)
NGM Nested Grid Model
NOGAPS Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System
RUC Rapid Update Cycle Forecast Model
SREF Short Range Ensemble Forecasts
UKMET United Kingdom Meteorological Office
					  


Washington Airports and other NWS stations

                                            elevations in meters 
                              N       W      elev 
WA ARLINGTON MUNI   KAWO    48 10N  122 10W   42 
WA BELLINGHAM       KBLI    48 48N  122 32W   50 
WA WHATCOM (BLI)    KHUH    48 57N  122 35W   26 
WA BREMERTON NTNL   KPWT    47 30N  122 45W  147 
WA BURLINGTON/MT V  KBVS    48 28N  122 25W   43 
WA CHEHALIS CENTRAL KCLS    46 41N  122 59W   54 
WA COLVILLE MUNICIP KCQV    48 32N  117 52W  572 
WA DEER PARK        KDEW    47 58N  117 26W  668 
WA EASTSOUND/ORCAS  KORS    48 42N  122 54W    8 
WA ELLENSBURG       KELN    47 02N  120 32W  519 
WA EPHRATA          KEPH    47 18N  119 31W  383 
WA EVERETT          KPAE    47 55N  122 17W  180 
WA FAIRCHILD AFB    KSKA    47 37N  117 39W  750 
WA FORT LEWIS/GRAY  KGRF    47 04N  122 34W   92 
WA FRIDAY HARBOR    KFHR    48 31N  123 02W   32 
WA HANFORD          KHMS    46 34N  119 35W  223 
WA HOQUIAM          KHQM    46 58N  123 56W    7 
WA KELSO LONGVEIW   KKLS    46 07N  122 54W    5 
WA MOSES LAKE       KMWH    47 12N  119 19W  362 
WA OAK HARBOR AIRPA K76S    48 15N  122 40W   58 
WA OLYMPIA          KOLM    46 58N  122 54W   58 
WA OMAK             KOMK    48 28N  119 31W  395 
WA PASCO            KPSC    46 16N  119 07W  121 
WA PORT ANGELES     KCLM    48 07N  123 30W   85 
WA PULLMAN/MOSCOW   KPUW    46 45N  117 07W  773 
WA PUYALLOP/THUN    KPLU    47 06N  122 17W  164 
WA QUILLAYUTE       KUIL    47 56N  124 33W   54 
WA RENTON           KRNT    47 30N  122 13W   21 
WA SEATTLE/BOEING   KBFI    47 33N  122 19W    4 
WA SEATTLE/METRO    KSEA    47 27N  122 19W  136 
WA SEATTLE/WFO      KSEW    47 27N  122 18W  130 
WA SEATTLE/ARTCC    KZSE    47 17N  122 11W   99 
WA SEATTLE/CAMANO I KATX    48 12N  122 30W  151 
WA SHELTON          KSHN    47 14N  123 08W   82 
WA SPOKANE          KOTX    47 41N  117 38W  727 
WA SPOKANE/FELTS    KSFF    47 41N  117 19W  609 
WA SPOKANE/METRO    KGEG    47 37N  117 32W  735 
WA STAMPEDE PASS    KSMP    47 17N  121 20W 1208 
WA TACOMA           KTIW    47 16N  122 35W   89 
WA TACOMA/MC CHORD  KTCM    47 07N  122 28W   98 
WA TATOOSH/VOR      KTOU    48 18N  124 38W  520 
WA TOLEDO WINLOCK M KTDO    46 28N  122 47W  113 
WA VANCOUVER        KVUO    45 37N  122 39W    8 
WA WALLA WALLA      KALW    46 06N  118 17W  363 
WA WENATCHEE        KEAT    47 24N  120 12W  377 
WA WHIDBEY IS. NAS  KNUW    48 21N  122 39W   14 
WA YAKIMA           KYKM    46 34N  120 32W  324 
WA BURLINGTON/MT V  K75S    48 28N  122 25W   43 
WA COLVILLE         K63S    48 32N  117 52W  571 
WA DEER PARK        K07S    47 58N  117 26W  668 
WA DESTRUCTION ISL          47 40N  124 31W   21 
WA PORT ANGELES CG  KNOW    48 08N  123 25W    4 
WA SMITH ISLAND             48 19N  122 10W   15 
WA PEARSON/VANCOUVR K60S    45 37N  122 39W    8 
WA WEST POINT (LS)          47 40N  122 34W    3 

BC ABBOTSFORD AIRPO CYXX    49 01N  122 22W   58 
BC AGASSIZ (AUTO)   CWZA    49 15N  121 46W   15 
BC ENTRANCE IL AUTO CWEL    49 13N  123 47W    5 
BC ESQUIMALT METOC  CWPF    48 25N  123 25W   12 
BC HOPE AIRPORT (MA CYHE    49 22N  121 28W   39 
BC HOPE SLIDE       CWKV    49 16N  121 13W  674 
BC KELP REEFS       CWZO    48 33N  123 14W    1 
BC MALAHAT (AUTOB)  CWKH    48 34N  123 34W  366 
BC MERRY ISLAND     CWMR    49 28N  123 55W    8 
BC MT SICKER RADAR  CXSI    48 51N  123 45W    1 
BC NANAIMO AIRPORT  CYCD    49 02N  123 52W   28 
BC P. MEADOWS CS AU CWMM    49 12N  122 40W    5 
BC RACE ROCKS AUTOB CWQK    48 17N  123 31W    5 
BC SAND headS (LS)  CWVF    49 06N  123 18W    1 
BC SATURNA ISL (MAP CWEZ    48 46N  123 02W    7 
BC SHERINGHAM AUTOB CWSP    48 22N  123 55W   21 
BC SQUAMISH (AUTOB) CWSK    49 46N  123 10W   60 
BC VANCOUVER (AUTOB CWHC    49 17N  123 07W    2 
BC VANCOUVER INTL A CYVR    49 10N  123 10W    2 
BC VIC. HARTLAND AU CWVV    48 31N  123 28W   49 
BC VICTORIA (AUTOB) CWLM    48 25N  123 19W   70 
BC VICTORIA HARBOUR CYWH    48 25N  123 23W   10 
BC VICTORIA INTL AR CYYJ    48 38N  123 25W   19 
BC VICTORIA UNIV    CWYJ    48 28N  123 18W   39 
BC W VANCOUVER AUTO CWWA    49 21N  123 10W  178 
BC WHITE ROCK AUTOB CWWK    49 01N  122 46W   15