A Bibliography of
Pamela Colman Smith
There is a small amount of literature
out there about PCS. Some is hard-to-find and some is not. I'll
list works that directly relate to her and also works that are
peripheral but informative for the times she lived in and the
people she knew. This will be updated as often as I get new references.
Primary Works by PCS:
"Two Negro Stories from
Jamaica", The Journal of American Folk-Lore, Vol IX, October
- December 1896. "Annancy and the Yam Hills" and
"De Story of De Man and Six Poached Eggs" are here.
This is a prelude to her later (1899) Annancy Stories.
Widdicombe Fair, Doubleday & McClure, 1899
The Golden Vanity and The
Green Bed, Doubleday & McClure,
Annancy Stories, RH Russell, 1899
MacManus, Seumas, In Chimney
Corners Irish Folk-Tales, Doubleday & McClure, 1899. PCS
did the illustrations for this.
The Green Sheaf, Green Sheaf Press, 1903. Thirteen issues.
Waite, Arthur Edward and Smith,
Pamela Colman, Tarot Deck, William Rider and Son Limited,
Stoker, Bram, The Lair of
the White Worm, William Rider and Son Limited, 1911. PCS did
six color plates for this edition only.
Waite, Arthur Edward, The
Pictorial Key to the Tarot, William Rider & Son Limited,
1911. PCS did the line art for this book. Many editions.
Terry, Ellen, The Russian
Ballet, The Bobbs-Merrill Company, NY AND Sidgwick & Jackson
Ltd, London, 1913. PCS did the illustrations for this.
Fuller, Eunice, The Book
of Friendly Giants, The Century Company, 1914
Direct Sources - Biographical
Pieces and Modern Artistic Studies:
Kaplan, Stuart R, The Encylopedia
of Tarot, Vol III, US Games Systems Inc, 1990. This volume
has a 40+ page article on PCS, her life, and her works. Some of
the information is out-of-date. The article is lavishly illustrated
with B&W pictures of many of her works, some of which are
in Kaplan's collection. This is the easiest source for information
on PCS and gives an excellent overview. The pity is of course
in those B&W pictures which are on the small side. This is
not a difficult volume to find and is well worth the money.
Parsons, Melinda, To All
Believers - The Art of Pamela Colman Smith, Delaware Art Museum,
1975. This is the exhibition catalog from the 1975 event. Melinda
Parsons is the leading authority on PCS. There are 12+ pages of
tiny print and a wealth of biographical and artistic details.
There are also 19 good-sized B&W photos of her work. This
catalog is a bit difficult to find but does come up occasinally
for a reasonable price. This is an excellent resource with detailed
Regier, Kathleen J, ed, The
Spiritual Image in Modern Art, The Theosophical Publishing
House, 1987. The entire volume is worth reading to get a sense
of what motivated various artists. There is an article by Melinda
Parsons, "Mysticism and Lond: The Golden Dawn, Synaesthesia,
and Psychic Automism in the Art of Pamela Colman Smith."
This is a more detailed and current study of influences in PCS'
art, again with detailed footnotes. The volume is not hard-to-find.
History of Photography, Alfred
Stieglitz 1864-1946, Winter 1996,
Taylor & Francis, 1996. Interesting articles on Stieglitz
and one by Melinda Parsons on "Pamela Colman Smith and Alfred
Stieglitz Modernism at 291." The article is more specific
to PCS and Stieglitz with a great footnote section and three B&W
photos. Why do I make a fuss over notes? Because they take me
to the next level of research. My bookshelves are filling up and
I am getting a better idea of the mileu of PCS. Hail Footnotes!!
Eldredge, Charles C, American
Imagination and Symbolist Painting, Grey Art Gallery and Study
Center, 1979. This is an exhibition catalog and has several pictures
and a goodly piece of text on PCS. American Symbolist art is a
slightly different thing from its European cousin and this book
gives you an informative overview of the topic. It is not very
hard-to-find and is essential to place PCS' work in context.
American Women Artists 1819-1947, The Washington County Museum of Fine Arts, 2003.
There is a brief biographical piece on PCS in here. One of her
pictures, Symbolic Vision, was in the exhibition but is
not illustrated. An easy-to-find book.
Indirect Sources including
works mentioning PCS or showing illustrations by her in service
to another story:
Belford, Barbara, Bram Stoker
and the Man Who was Dracula, Da Capo Press, 1996. Slight mention
of PCS. Two drawings by her of the 1899 Lyceum Theatre tour. This
is a fascinating biography of Stoker and posits a connection between
his job as business manager of the Lyceum Theatre and Henry Irving,
the actor-manager of the Theatre as the inspiration for the character
of Dracula. Anyways, a very good read. Easy-to-find.
Hone, Joseph, ed, J B Yeats
Letters to his Son W B Yeats and Others 1869-1922, EP Dutton
& Company, Inc, 1946. Willie and Jack's dad and an artist
in his own right. A letter from 1899 recounts meeting PCS and
her father. A letter from Lily Yeats of 1913 recounts in part,
staying with PCS in London. I've just skimmed the rest of the
letters but they are worth reading in of themselves. OP but not
Wade, Allan, The Letters
of W B Yeats, The Macmillan Company, 1955. In a 1902 letter
to Lady Gregory he mentions Pixie Smith (footnote explains more
of who she is) in reference to The Stage Society and a production
of Yeats' play Where there is Nothing and the possibility
of his brother Jack playing a character. Another letter from 1902,
again to Lady Gregory, about PCS visiting with sketches of designs
for the above play done by her and Edith Craig. A third letter
from 1902 to Lady Gregory mentions PCS bringing out a magazine
called The Hour-Glass (this did not come to be; the magazine,
in a different format, was called The Green Sheaf). A letter
from 1904 to Lady Gregory about how, if other things fall through,
he will get Pixie Smith to design scenery for a play by Synge
for the Abbey Theatre because she is the only one who understands
what he wants. I have not read the other letters but, depending
on the editing of this collection, it may prove very useful as
Yeats was probably the person who introduced PCS to the Golden
Dawn. Not overly expensive or hard-to-find.
Auerbach, Nina, Ellen Terry
Player in Her Time, WW Norton & Company, 1987. Ellen Terry
was a huge influence in PCS' life. PCS lived with her for a while
and was life-long friends with Edith Craig, Ellen's daughter.
Terry is a fascinating figure all on her own. I do not like this
particular biography. There is too much treating Terry as 'victim
of being a woman' for my taste. However, there is a nice sketch
by PCS of Terry as Ellaline from The Amber Heart and a
brief reference to PCS doing the drawings for The Russian Ballet.
Terry, Ellen, The Story of
My Life, Hutchinson & Co, 1908. No mention of PCS but
there is a drawing of hers included in the first edition British
version ONLY! Not the American edition which has far fewer pictures
overall. This is a good book to read to get an idea of the woman
who was a big influence on PCS' life. Not the victim Nina! There
is also a book of Terry's correspondence with G Bernard Shaw which
is a delight to read - two people playing very coy with each other.
I don't have my copy anymore but it is easy-to-find. No mention
of PCS there either. The autobiography is a bit hard-to-find but
Melville, Joy, Ellen and
Edy, Pandora Press, 1987. There is actually very little about
Edith Craig in this book. Nothing about PCS. There is a drawing
of Terry as Beatrice from Much Ado About Nothing and as
Lady Cicely Waynflete from Captain Brassbound's Conversion.
A mildly disappointing book. Easy-to-find.
Cockin, Katharine, Edith
Craig (1869-1947) Dramatic Lives, Cassel, 1998. Ellen Terry's
daughter and a fascinating woman in her own right. This is a rather
good biography with several references to PCS . The real bonus
in this book is the inclusion of several caricatures by PCS of
Edy and herself. PCS' involvement with The Pioneer Players and
the British suffragette movement are touched upon here. Easy-to-find.
Cockin, Katharine, Women
and Theatre in the Age of Suffrage The Pioneer Players 1911-1925,
Palgrave, 2001. A more detailed study of The Pioneer Players with
minor reference to PCS. There is a picture of a program cover
PCS designed. Easy-to-find.
History of an American Alfred
Stieglitz: "291" and After,
Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1944?. There is a brief reference
to PCS and her first exhibition here. Hard-to-find.
Whelan, Richard, Alfred Stieglitz
A Biography, Photography, Georgia O'Keefe, and the Rise of the
Avant-Garde in America, Little, Brown and Company, 1995. This
is the classic biography of the man. There are several references
to PCS. This is the book to read to get a notion of what Stieglitz
was all about and why he ultimately dumped PCS as an artist to
be cultivated. Easy-to-find.
Waldo, Frank, et al, America
& Alfred Stieglitz A Collective Portrait, Aperture Inc,
1979. Lots of essays on the man. A minor PCS reference and a picture
from Annancy Tales. Easy-to-find.
Homer, William Innes, Alfred
Stieglitz and the American Avant-Garde, New York Graphic Society,
1977. A very good detailed study of Stieglitz's influence in modern
art. Minor PCS reference. Again, this book informs you as to why
he moved beyond her work. Easy-to-find.
Norman, Dorothy, Alfred Stieglitz
An American Seer, Random House, 1973. This is a worshipful
treatment of the man. The interesting part is a more detailed
telling of PCS' first meeting with him and her first exhibition.
Foster, RF, WB Yeats A Life:
I. The Apprentice Mage, Oxford University Press, 1998. An
excellent study of Yeats with some small references to PCS. He
was a great influence on her in theatre and the occult. Easy-to-find.
I'm waiting to read the second volume of this.
Ransome, Arthur, The Autobiography
of Arthur Ransome, Jonathan Cape, 1976. A friend of PCS, there
is a more detailed description of an evening at her house than
the next entry. Names are named. A very interesting man in his
own right. Fairly easy-to-find.
Ransome, Arthur, Bohemia
in London, Chapman & Hall, Limited, 1907. Here is the
meeting that is reproduced in The Encyclopedia of Tarot
and on this site and several others. The rest of the book is interesting
for a glimpse at life in early 1900s London. Fairly easy-to-find.
Teall, Gardner, "Cleverness,
Art, and an Artist," Brush and Pencil VI, 1900. An
early review of PCS and her work with some lovely pictures of
some of her stage designs and her toy theatre and characters.
"Als Ik Kan: Notes; Reviews."
The Craftsman, IX, (March 1907). A brief review of PCS'
art done on the heels of her first exhibition at 291. Hard-to-find
in the original, but this is on CD from HistoricalWorks.com.
Macdonald, M Irwin, "The
Fairy Faith and Pictured Music of Pamela Colman Smith," The
Craftsman, XXIII (1912). A more detailed review of PCS' art
with several illustrations. Hard-to-find in the original but this
is on CD from HistoricalWorks.com.
Other Books of General
Interest for Background:
Dow, Arthur W, Composition,
Doubleday, Page & Company, 1925 (and many other editions).
This was the very influential teacher from the Pratt Institute
that infused the notions of Japanese print-style in PCS and many
others. She would have had this book (first edition 1899). Easy-to-find
in later editions.
Stebbins, Genevieve, Delsarte
System of Expression, Edgar S Werner Publishing & Supply
co, 1902. An influential book for the actor which emphasizes certain
movements and poses for emotions, etc. PCS would be familiar with
these movements in her theatre work and so translated into her
Dolmetsch, Arnold, The Interpretation
of the Music of the XVII and XVIII Centuries Revealed by Contemporary
Evidence, Novello & Co Ltd, 1946 (1916). Arnold Dolmetsch
was involved in the early music revival and was influential in
Yeats' chanting projects. PCS was familiar with the man and he
may have influenced her music paintings through his reconstruction
of how early music really sounded. Hard-to-find.
Booth, Michael R, Victorian
Spectacular Theatre 1850-1910, Routledge & Kegan Paul,
1981. A fascinating look at theatre around the time PCS met up
with the Lyceum group. She moved on to new things with Edy Craig
and The Pioneer Players but this is the stuff that pleased the
public then. There is a section on Henry Irving and the Lyceum
Theatre which could have had a great influence on PCS. Historical
detail, restraint (there was a tendency towards overload - rather
like a current SFX movie with no plot or character), and grand
spectacle. Not too hard-to-find.
McPharlin, The Puppet Theatre
in America A History 1524 to 1948, Plays, Inc, 1969 (1949).
An informative and entertaining overview of toy theatre which
were enormously popular in PCS' day, both for children and adults.
She herself built one to stage her plays. No reference to her,
just good background. Fairly easy-to-find.
Wilson, AE, Penny Plain Two
Pence Coloured A History of the Juvenile Drama, George G Harrap
& Co, Ltd, 1932. A classic on the toy theatre. Very detailed
and highly illustrated. You can get a very good idea of what the
whole thing was about and make your own characters. Hard-to-find.
Tickner, Lisa, The Spectacle
of Women Imagery of the Suggrage Campaign 1907-14, Chatto
& Windus, 1989. An excellent overview of the British suffrage
movement and how the various groups employed arts and crafts to
get their message across to others. There is a brief mention of
PCS and a reproduction of one of her suffrage postcards. A fascinating
read for the history of the time. Easy-to-find.
Rosenblum, Robert and Maryanne
Stevens and Ann Dumas, 1900 Art at the Crossroads, Harry
N Abrams Inc, 2000. A large, lavishly illustrated exhibition catalog
that gives you an idea of the art popular in PCS' time. A wide
range of styles, illustrated in color, this book is a good background
Goldwater, Robert, Symbolism,
Harper & Row Publishers, 1979. A good, detailed view of the
Symbolist movement in Europe. Not always applicable to American
Symbolism (see above for a good source for that), it shows you
the diversity of the style. Easy-to-find.
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