Advanced Placement Psychology Name:____________________
Unit 7: Chapter 11 Intelligence Due: Tuesday, January 12th
1. Yvonne claims that she is intellectually gifted because she “possesses” an IQ of 145. What error is she clearly committing?
2. What do psychologists make extensive use of in order to assess whether intelligence is a single trait or a collection of several distinct abilities?
3. Who would have been most enthusiastic about the value of a single intelligence test score as an index of an individual’s mental capacities?
4. Those who score above average on tests of mathematical aptitude are also likely to score above average on tests of verbal aptitude. According to Spearman, this best illustrates the importance of what?
5. Whose concept would those who define intelligence as academic aptitude most likely criticize?
6. What different types of intelligence did Sternberg distinguish between?
7. Describe a person who would best illustrate Sternberg’s concept of analytical intelligence.
8. Although James scored well above average on the SAT, he frequently loses his temper and needlessly antagonizes even his best friends. His behavior best illustrates a low level of what?
9. How does one demonstrate divergent thinking?
10. List the components of creativity.
11. Whenever Natalie reminded herself that her culinary skills could earn her fame and fortune, she became less creative. What does this best illustrates about creativity?
12. How did Binet and Simon assess mental age in children?
13. If five year old Christopher performed on an intelligence test at a level characteristic of an average 4-yer-old, what would his mental age be?
14. What were the intelligence tests initially designed by Binet and Simon supposed to assess?
15. By what name is the widely used American revision of Binet’s original intelligence test, designed by Terman, known?
16. About what would Binet and Terman have been most likely to disagree?
17. If a 12-year-old who responded to the original Stanford-Binet with the proficiency typical of an average 9-year-old, what would his/her IQ be?
1. If Elise has a mental age of 13and has an IQ of 140 as measured by the Stanford-Binet, what is her chronological age?
2. What are tests designed to predict ability to learn new skills called?
3. What type test would the written exam for a driver’s license be?
4. What subtests make up the WAIS?
5. Unlike today’s most widely used intelligence tests, why would the original Stanford-Binet be most clearly criticized?
6. What percentage of WIS scores fall between 85 and 115?
7. When a person’s test performance can be compare with that of a representative and pretested sample of the test the test is said to be what?
8. What is the Flynn effect?
9. Explain what is meant by the “normal curve” in test scores.
10. What are researchers trying to assess when they examine the correlation between scores obtained on two halves of a single test?
11. What type study would provide evidence of the Flynn effect?
12. What are researchers trying to assess when they examine the correlation between scores obtained on alternate forms of the same test?
13. If both schizophrenic and non-schizophrenic individuals receive similar scores on a diagnostic test for schizophrenia, what does this say about the test?
31. For what age group are academic aptitude tests most likely to predict academic success?
32. What tendency is the best predictor that infants will develop high levels of intellectual aptitude?
33. The high positive correlations between scores received on comparable sections of the SAT and GRE proves what about these test?
34. Describe all the common characteristics of the typical mentally retarded child.
35. Explain the observations that provide the best evidence that intelligence test scores are influenced by environment.
36. Describe the yearly fluctuates in children’s intelligence test scores.
37. What ethnic group of Americans is most likely show to have a normal curve in intelligence scores?
38. What is indicated by research on racial and ethnic differences in intelligence?
39. The Flynn effect is least likely to be explained how?
40. At what age is there the greatest disparity in the intelligence scores between black and white college graduates?
41. In what areas are boy most likely to outperform girls? (it’s not all or none J)
42. What do many scientists say occurred for a woman to have higher than average spatial intelligence?
43. Experts who defend intelligence tests against the charge of being culturally biased and discriminatory would emphasize what about intelligence tests?
44. Why have African Americans been found to score lower on tests of verbal aptitude when tested by Whites than when tested by African Americans?
Free Response Questions
1. You have been hired by a large public school system to construct a musical aptitude test. Describe how you would standardize your test and assess its reliability and validity. Explain why it might be more difficult to develop a valid musical aptitude test than a reliable one.
2. Although Christeen is a brilliant pianist and highly acclaimed ballet dancer, her high school intelligence test scores were only average. What does her experience suggest regarding (a) the reliability and validity of intelligence tests, (b) the nature of intelligence, and (c) the desirability of “gifted child” education programs?
3. A classmate makes the following claim: “Despite numerous federally funded Head Start programs and nationwide efforts to desegregate public schools, Blacks continue to lag behind their White counterparts in intelligence and academic achievement. Clearly, black Americans must be genetically inferior to white Americans.” Use research evidence and logical arguments to intelligently refute your classmate’s statement.
4. Dillon is the oldest son of Mexican parents who immigrated to the United States less than five years ago. His high school teachers perceive him to be fairly intelligent, but his SAT scores are low, and he is having trouble getting into college. Dillon’s mother angrily claims that “intelligence tests are biased against Hispanics.” His father sadly counters, “It’s not the tests that are biased; its American education that is biased.” Carefully explain why you would agree or disagree with the comments made by each parent.