Hellbender Bibliography

 

Prepared: February 13, 2006

 

 

Recent Cryptobranchid Publications (2003-2006)

 

Gao, K., and N. H. Shubin.  2003.  Earliest known crown-group salamanders.  Nature 422(6930):424-428.  (Cryptobranchid Evolution)   

 

Humphries, W. J., and T. K. Pauly.  2005.  Life history of the hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis, in a West Virginia stream.  American Midland Naturalist 154(1):135-142.   

 

Makowsky, R.  2004.  Natural history and sexual dimorphism of the eastern hellbender, Cryptobranchus a. alleganiensis.  M.S. Thesis, Marshall University, Huntington, WV.   69pp.   

 

Miller, B. T., and J. L. Miller.  2005.  Prevalence of physical abnormalities in eastern hellbender (Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis) populations of middle Tennessee.  Southeastern Naturalist 4(3):513-520.    

 

 

Cryptobranchid References (Theses/Dissertations & Unpublished Listed At End)

 

Alexander, W. P.  1927.  The Allegheny hellbender and its habitat.  Buffalo Society of Natural Science 7(10):13-18.

 

Bishop, S. C.  1925.  Records of some salamanders from No. Carolina and Pennsylvania.  Copeia 139:9-12.   

 

Bishop, S. C. 1941.  The Salamanders of New York.  New York State Museum Bulletin 324:1-365.   

 

Bothner, R. C., and J. A. Gottlieb. 1991.  A study of the New York State populations of the hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis (Daudin).  Proceedings of the Rochester Academy of Science 17(1):41-54.   

 

Boutilier, R. G., D. G. McDonald, and D. P. Toews.  1980.  The effects of enforced activity on ventilation, circulation and blood acid-base balance in the aquatic gill-less urodele, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis: a comparison with the semi-terrestrial anuran, Bufo marinus.  Journal of Experimental Biology 84:289-302.   

 

Brandon, R. A., and S. R. Ballard.  1994.  Geographic distribution: Cryptobranchus alleganiensis (Hellbender).  Herpetological Review 25(1):31.

 

Brodie, E. D., Jr.  1971.  Two more toxic salamanders, Ambystoma maculatum and Cryptobranchus alleganiensis.  Herpetological Review 3:8.   

 

Bruce, R. C.  1977.  Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis hellbender.  Pp. 316-317 in Endangered and Threatened Plants and Animals of North Carolina (J.E. Cooper, S.S. Robinson, and J.B. Funderburg, Eds.)  North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, NC.

 

Bury, R. B., C. K. Dodd, Jr., and G. M. Fellers.  1980.  Conservation of the Amphibia of the United States: a review.  Resource Publication 34, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington D.C., 34pp.

 

Cope, E. D. 1889.  The batrachia of North America.  U.S. National Museum Bulletin (34):1-525.

 

Collins, J. T.  1991.  Viewpoint: a new taxonomic arrangement for some North American amphibians and reptiles.  Herpetological Review 22:42-43. 

 

Danch, J. 1996.  The hellbender.  Reptiles 4:48-59.    

 

Dodd, Jr., C. K.  1997.  Imperiled amphibians: a historical perspective.  In: G.W. Benz and D.E. Collins (Eds.).  Aquatic Fauna in Peril: The Southeastern Perspective.  Southeast Aquatic Research Institute, Lenz Design and Communications, Decatur, Georgia, Special Publication 1:165-200. 

 

Dundee, H. A. 1971.  Cryptobranchus alleganiensis.  Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 101:1-4.   

 

Dundee, H. A. and D. S. Dundee.  1965.  Observations on the systematics and ecology of Cryptobranchus from the Ozark Plateaus of Missouri and Arkansas.  Copeia 1965(3):369-370.   

 

Ellner, S. and N. G. Hairston, Jr.  1994.  Role of overlapping generations in maintaining genetic variation in a fluctuating environment.  American Naturalist 143:403-417. 

 

Ferguson, D. E.  The herpetofauna of Tishomingo County, Mississippi, with comments on its zoogeographic affinities.  Copeia 1961(4):391-396.   

 

Fitch, F. W.  1947.  A record Cryptobranchus alleganiensis.  Copeia 1947(x):210.   

 

Firschein, I. L. 1951.  The range of Cryptobranchus bishopi and remarks on the distribution of the genus Cryptobranchus.  American Midland Naturalist 45(2) 455-459.   

 

Gao, K., and N. H. Shubin.  2003.  Earliest known crown-group salamanders.  Nature 422(6930):424-428.  (Cryptobranchid Evolution)   

 

Gao, K., and N. H. Shubin.  2003.  Late Jurassic salamanders from northern China.  Nature 410(6828):424-428.  (Cryptobranchid Evolution)   

 

Gates, J. E. 1983.  The distribution and status of the hellbender (Cryptobranchus alleganiensis) in Maryland: I.  The distribution and status of Cryptobranchus alleganiensis in Maryland.  II.  Movement patterns of translocated Cryptobranchus alleganiensis in a Maryland Stream.  Maryland Wildlife Administration.

 

Gates, J. E., C. H. Hocutt, J. R. Stauffer, Jr., and G. J. Taylor. 1985.  The distribution and status of Cryptobranchus alleganiensis in Maryland.  Herpetological Review 16:17-18.

 

Green, N. B.  1934.  Cryptobranchus alleganiensis in West Virginia. Proceedings of the West Virginia Academy of Science 7:28-30.   

 

Green, N. B.  1935.  Further notes on the food habits of the water dog, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis Daudin.  Proceedings of the West Virginia Academy of Science 9:36.   

 

Grobman, A. B.  1943.  Notes on salamanders with the description of a new species of Cryptobranchus.  University of Michigan, Museum of Zoology, Occasional Papers 470:1-13.   

 

Guimond, R. W., and V. H. Hutchison.  1973.  Aquatic respiration: an unusual strategy in the hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis (Daudin).  Science 182(4118):1263-1265.   

 

Hall, H. H. and H. M. Smith.  1947  Selected records of reptiles of the state of Indiana.  Indiana Department of Geology and Natural Resources Annual Report 17:409-602.

 

Harlan, R. A., and R. F. Wilkinson. 1981.  The effects of progressive hypoxia and rocking activity on blood oxygen tension for hellbenders, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis.  Journal of Herpetology 15(4):383-388.   

 

Harshbarger, J. C., and S.E. Trauth.  2002.  Squamous cell carcinoma upgrade of the epidermal papilloma reported in an Ozark Hellbender (Cryptobranchus allenganiensis bishopi).  Pages  43-48 in Proceedings 6th International Symposium on the Pathology of Reptiles and Amphibians.  (R.B. McKinnell and D.L. Carlson, eds.).  University of Minnesota Printing Services, Minneapolis, MN.   

 

Hay, O. P.  1892.  The bactrachians and reptiles of the state of Indiana.  Indiana Department of Geology and Natural Resources Annual Report 17:409-602. 

 

Hillis, R. E., and E. D. Bellis. 1971. Some aspects of the ecology of the hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis, in a Pennsylvania stream.  Journal of Herpetology 5(3-4):121-126.   

 

Holbrook, J.  1842.  North American Herpetology.  Volume 5.  Second Edition.  Philcomcast, PA.  118 pp. + vi. + 38 color plates.

 

Huckabee, J. H., C. P. Goodyear, and R. D. Jones.  1975.  Acid rock in the Great Smokies: unanticipated impact on aquatic biota of road construction in regions of sulfide mineralization.  American Fisheries Society Transactions 104 (4):677-684.   

 

Hulse, A. C. and K. L. Hulse.  1992.  Geographic Distribution: New County Records for Amphibians and Reptiles from Pennsylvania.  Herpetological Review 23(2):62-64.   

 

Humphries, W. J., and T. K. Pauly.  2000.  Seasonal changes in nocturnal activity of the hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis, in West Virginia.  Journal of Herpetology 34(4):604-607.   

 

Humphries, W. J., and T. K. Pauly.  2005.  Life history of the hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis, in a West Virginia stream.  American Midland Naturalist 154(1):135-142.   

 

Ingersol, C. A., R. F. Wilkinson, C. L. Peterson, and R. H. Ingersol.  1991.  Histology of the reproductive organs of Cryptobranchus alleganiensis, in West Virginia.  Journal of Herpetology 34(4):604-607.

 

Ingersol, C. A., R. F. Wilkinson, C. L. Peterson, and R. H. Ingersol. 1991.  Histology of the reproductive organs of Cryptobranchus alleganiensis (Caudata: Cryptobranchidae) in Missouri.  Southwestern Naturalist 36(1):60-66.   

 

Jensen, J. B.  1999.  Hellbender Cryptobranchus alleganiensisPages 98-99 in Protected Animals of Georgia.  Nongame-Endangered Wildlife Program, Georgia Department of Natural Resources, Social Circle, GA.

 

Jerrett, D. P., and C. E. Mays.  1973.  Comparative hematology of the hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis, in Missouri.  Copeia 1973:331-337.   

 

Johnson, T. R.  1981.  Observations on hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis, eggs and early larvae.  Transactions of the Missouri Academy of Science 15:248.

 

Kern, W. H., Jr.  1986.  The range of the hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis, in Indiana. Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 95:520-521.

 

Kern, W. H., Jr.  1986.  Reproduction of the hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis, in Indiana.  Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 95:521.

 

Kern, W. H., Jr.  1986.  Size class distribution of the hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis, in Indiana and its implications for their life history.  Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 95:521.

 

Keim, T. D.  1915.  Notes on the fauna about the headwaters of the Allegheny, Genesee and Susquehanna rivers in Pennsylvania.  Copeia 24:51-52.   

 

Krecker, F. H.  1916.  Filaria cingula parasitic in the skin of Cryptobranchus alleganiensis.  Journal of Parasitology 2:74-79.   

 

Lande, R.  1988.  Genetics and demography in biological conservation.  Science 241:1455-1461.   

 

Lang, R. W.  1968.  The natural environment and subsistence economy of McKees Rocks Village Site.  Pennsylvania Archeology 38:50-80.   

 

Larson, A.  1991.  A molecular perspective on the evolutionary relationships of the salamander families.  Evolutionary Biology 25:211-277.    

 

Larson, A., and W. W. Dimmick.  1993.  Phylogenetic relationships of the salamander families: an analysis of congruence among morphological and molecular characteristics.  Herpetological Monographs 7:77-93.    

 

Lorenz Elwood, J. R. and D. Cundall.  1994.  Morphology and behavior of the feeding apparatus in Cryptobranchus alleganiesis (Amphibia: Caudata).  Journal of Morphology 220:47-70.   

 

Mayasich, J., D. Granmaison, and C. Phillips.  2003.  Eastern hellbender status assessment report.  Natural Resources Research Institute, Technical Report 9:1-41 + ii + appendices.   

 

McCoy, C. J. 1982.  Amphibians and reptiles in Pennsylvania.  Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Special Publication 6:1-91.   

 

McMullen, D.B., and R.L. Roudabush. 1936.  A new species of trematode, Cerochis cryptobranchi, from Cryptobranchus alleganiensis.  Journal of Parasitology 22:516-517.

 

Merkle, D. A., S. I. Guttman, and M. A. Nickerson. 1977.  Genetic uniformity throughout the range of the hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis.  Copeia 1977(3):549-553.   

 

Meszoely, C.  1966.  North American fossil cryptobranchid salamanders.  American Midland Naturalist 75(2):495-515.  (Peterson 1925 reported finding a Cryptobranchid caudal vertebra, while Richmond 1964 thought it a Plethodontid, whereas Meszoely 1966 considers it an Ambystomid) (Meszoely reportedly examined four Cryptobranchid skeletons from Cayuga Lake, NY, a location far outside the range of Cryptobranchus)   

 

Miller, B. T., and J. L. Miller.  1992.  Geographic distribution: Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis (Eastern Hellbender).  Herpetological Review 24(4):152.    

 

Miller, B. T., and J. L. Miller.  2005.  Prevalence of physical abnormalities in eastern hellbender (Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis) populations of middle Tennessee.  Southeastern Naturalist 4(3):513-520.    

 

Miller, B. T., T. Casey and G. Pritts.  1993.  Geographic distribution: Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis (Eastern Hellbender).  Herpetological Review 23(1):152.    

 

Moalli, R., R. S. Meyers, G. R. Ultsch, and D. C. Jackson.  1981.  Acid-base balance and temperature in a predominantly skin-breathing salamander, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis.  Respiration Physiology 43:1-11.   

 

Morescalchi, A.  1975.  Chromosome evolution in the caudate Amphibia.  Evolutionary Biology 8:339-387.    

 

Netting, M. G. 1929.  The food of the hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis (Daudin). Copeia 1929(170):23-24.   

 

Nickerson, M. A. and K. L. Krysko.  2003.  Surveying for hellbender salamanders, Cryptobranchus alleganiesis (Dadin): A review and critique.  Applied Herpetology 1:37-44.   

 

Nickerson, M. A., K. L. Krysko, and R. D. Owen.  2003.  Habitat differences affecting age class distributions of the hellbender salamander, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis.  Southeastern Naturalist 2(4):619-629.   

 

Nickerson, M. A., K. L. Krysko, and R. D. Owen. 2002. Ecological status of the hellbender and the mudpuppy salamanders in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park.  Journal of the North Carolina Academy of Science 118:27-34.   

 

Nickerson, M. A., and C. E. Mays.  1973.  The Hellbenders: North American “Giant Salamanders”.  Milwaukee Public Museum Publications in Biology and Geology 1:1-106.   

 

Nickerson, M. A., and C. E. Mays.  1973.  A study of the Ozark hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis bishopi.  Ecology 54(5):1164-1165.   

 

Nickerson, M. A., and M. D. Tohulka.  1986.  The nests and nest site selection by Ozark hellbenders, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis bishopi Grobman.  Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science 89(1-2):66-69.   

 

Nigrelli, R. F. 1954.  Some longevity records of vertebrates. Transactions of the New York Academy of Science 16(6):296-299.   

 

Noeske, T.A., and M.A. Nickerson.  1979.  Diel activity rhythms in the hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis (Caudata: Cryptobranchidae).  Copeia 1979(1):92-95.   

 

Pechmann, J. H. K., and H. M. Wilbur.  1994.  Putting declining amphibians populations in perspective: natural fluctuations and human impacts.  Herpetologica 50:64-85.   

 

Peterson, C. L. 1987.  Movement and catchability of the hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis.  Journal of Herpetology 21(3):197-204.   

 

Peterson, C. L. 1988.  Breeding activities of the hellbender in Missouri.  Herpetological Review 19(2):28-29.   

 

Peterson, C. L. 1989.  Seasonal food habits of Cryptobranchus alleganiensis (Caudata: Cryptobranchidae).  Southwest Naturalist 34(3):438-441.   

 

Peterson, C. L., C. A. Ingersol, and R. F. Wilkinson.  1989.  Winter breeding of Cryptobranchus alleganiensis bishopi in Arkansas.  Copeia 1989(4):1031-1035.   

 

Peterson, C. L., D. E. Metter, B. T. Miller, R. F. Wilkinson, and M. S. Topping. 1988.  Demography of the hellbender Cryptobranchus alleganiensis in the Ozarks.  American Midland Naturalist 119(2):291-303.   

 

Peterson, C. L., M. S. Topping, R. F. Wilkinson, Jr., and C. A. Taber. 1985.  An examination of long term growth of Cryptobranchus alleganiensis predicted by linear regression methods.  Copeia 1985(x):492-496.   

 

Peterson, C. L., R. F. Wilkinson, Jr., M. S. Topping, and D. E. Metter. 1983.  Age and growth of the Ozark Hellbender (Cryptobranchus alleganiensis bishopi).  Copeia 1983(x):225-231.

 

Peterson, C. L., and R. F. Wilkinson. 1996.  Home range size of the hellbender (Cryptobranchus alleganiensis) in Missouri.  Herpetological Review 27(3):126-127.

 

Peterson, O.  1925.  The fossils of the Frankstown Cave, Blair County, Pennsylvania.  Annals of the Carnegie Museum 16:249-314.  (Peterson 1925 reported finding a Cryptobranchid caudal vertebra, while Richmond 1964 thought it a Plethodontid, whereas Meszoely 1966 considers it an Ambystomid) 

 

Petranka, J. W. 1998a.  Salamanders of United States and Canada.  Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C.  587 pp.

 

Pfingsten, R. A. 1989.  The status and distribution of the hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis, in Ohio.  Ohio Journal of Science 89(2):3.

 

Pfingsten, R. A. 1990. The status and distribution of the hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis in Ohio.  Herpetological Review 21(3):48-51.    

 

Reese, A. M.  1906.  The sexual elements of the giant salamander, Cryptobranchus allegheniensis.  Biological Bulletin 6:220-223.

 

Reese, A. M.  1906.  Observations on the reactions of Cryptobranchus and Necturus to light and heat.  Biological Bulletin 11(2):93-99.

 

Reese, A. M. 1906.  Anatomy of Cryptobranchus alleganiensis.  The American Naturalist 40:237-326.

 

Reese, A. M. 1903.  The habits of the giant salamander.  Popular Science Monthly 62:526-531.

 

Richmond, N.  1964.  Fossil amphibians and reptiles of Frankstown Cave, Pennsylvania.  Annals of the Carnegie Museum 36:225-228.  (Peterson 1925 reported finding a Cryptobranchid caudal vertebra, while Richmond 1964 thought it a Plethodontid, whereas Meszoely 1966 considers it an Ambystomid)   

 

Routman, E. 1993.  Mitochondrial DNA variation in Cryptobranchus alleganiensis, a salamander with extremely low allozyme diversity.  Copeia 1993(2):407-416.   

 

Routman, E., R. Wu, and A. R. Templeton. 1994.  Parsimony, molecular evolution, and biogeography: the case of the North American giant salamander.  Evolution 48(6):1799-1809.   

 

Shaffer, H. B., and F. Breden.  1989.  The relationship between allozyme variation and life history: nontransforming salamanders are less variable.  Copeia (4):1016- 1023.    

 

Siebert, H. and R. Brandon.  1960.  The salamanders of southeastern Ohio.  Ohio journal of Science 60 (5):291-303. 

 

Smith, B. G. 1907.  The life history and habits of Cryptobranchus alleganiensis. Biological Bulletin 13:5-39.   

 

Smith, B. G. 1912.  The embryology of Cryptobranchus alleganiensis, including comparisons with some other vertebrates.  I  Introduction: the history of the egg before cleavage.  Journal of Morphology 23(1):61-157.   

 

Smith, B. G. 1912.  The embryology of Cryptobranchus alleganiensis, including comparisons with some other vertebrates.  II  General embryonic and larval development, with special reference to external features.  Journal of Morphology 23:455-579.

 

Smith, P. W., and S. A. Minton, Jr. 1957.  A distributional summary of the herpetofauna of Indiana and Illinois.  The American Midland Naturalist 58:341-351.   

 

Smith, H. M. and A. J. Kohler. 1977.  A survey of the herpetological introductions in the United States and Canada.  Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science 80 (1-2):1-24.   

 

Soule, N., and A. J. Lindberg  1994.  The use of leverage to facilitate the search for the hellbender.  Herpetological Review 25(1):16.   

 

Stein, H. A., and P. W. Smith. 1959.  The hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis, in Illinois.  Copeia 1975(x):633-639.

 

Surface, H. A.  1913.  First report on the economic features of the amphibians of Pennsylvania.  Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture, Zoology Bulletin 3:68-152.

 

Swanson, P. L. 1948.  Notes on the amphibians and reptiles of Venango County, Pennsylvania.  American Midland Naturalist 40:362-371.

 

Taber, C. A., R. F. Wilkinson, Jr., and M. S. Topping. 1975.  Age and growth of hellbenders in the Niangua River, Missouri.  Copeia 1975(4):633-639.   

 

Taketa, F., and M. A. Nickerson.  1973.  Hemoglobin of the aquatic salamander Cryptobranchus.  Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 46A:583-591.

 

Templeton, A. R., K. Shaw, E. Routman, and S. K. Davis.  1990.  The genetic consequences of habitat fragmentation.  Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 77:13-27.    

 

Topping, M. S., and C. L. Peterson. 1985.  Movement in the hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis.  Transactions of the Missouri Academy of Science 19:121.

 

Topping, M. S., and C. A. Ingersol. 1981.  Fecundity in the hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis.  Copeia 1981(4):873-876.

  

Townsend, C. H. 1882.  Habits of the Menopoma.  American Naturalist 16:139-140.

 

Trauth, S. E., J. D. Wilhide and P. Daniel. 1992a. Status of the Ozark hellbender, Cryptobranchus bishopi (Urodela: Cryptobranchidae), in the Spring River, Fulton County, Arkansas.  Proceedings of the Arkansas Academy of Science 46:83-86.

 

Trauth, S. E., J. D. Wilhide and P. Daniel. 1992b.  Cryptobranchus bishopi (Ozark Hellbender).  Herpetological Review 23(4):121.

 

Trauth, S. E., J. D. Wilhide and P. Daniel. 1993.  The Ozark hellbender, Cryptobranchus bishopi, in Arkansas:  Distributional survey for 1992.  Bulletin of the Chicago Herpetological Society 28(4):81-85.    

 

Trauth, S. E., J. C. Harshbarger, and P. Daniel.  2002.  Epidermal papilloma in an Ozark hellbender, (Cryptobranchus allegeniensis bishopi) from the Spring River of Northern Arkansas.  J. Arkansas Academy of Science.  56:190-197.   

 

Ultsch, G. R., and Duke, J. T. 1990.  Gas exchange and habitat selection in the aquatic salamanders Necturus maculosus and Cryptobranchus alleganiensis.  Oecologia 83(2):250-258.    

 

Wheeler, B. A., E. Prosen, A. Mathis, R. F. Wilkinson.  2001.  Population declines of a long-lived salamander: a 20+ year study of hellbenders, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis.  Biological Conservation 109:151-156.

 

Wheeler, B. A., M. L. McCallum, and S. E. Trauth.  2002.  Abnormalities in the Ozark Hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis bishopi.  Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science  56:250-252.   

 

Wheeler, B. A., E. Prosen, A. Mathis, R. F. Wilkinson.  2003.  Population declines of a long-lived salamander: a 20+ year study of hellbenders, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis.  Biological Conservation 109:151-156.   

 

Williams, R. D., J. E. Gates, C. H. Hocutt, and G. J. Taylor.  1981.  The hellbender: a nongame species in need of management.  Wildlife Society Bulletin 9(2):94-100.   

 

Williams, R. D., J. E. Gates, and C. H. Hocutt.  1981.  An evaluation of known and potential sampling techniques for hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis.  Journal of Herpetology 15(1):23-27.   

 

Willey, A.  1920.  Remarks on the respiratory movements of Necturus and Cryptobranchus.  Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 43:649-651.  

 

Wyman, R. L.  1990.  What’s happening to the amphibians?  Conservation Biology 4:350-352.

 

 

Theses and Dissertations

 

Ball, B. S.  2001.  Habitat use and movements of eastern hellbenders, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis: a radiotelemetric study.  M.S. Thesis, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC.

 

Beffa, D. A.  1976.  Responses of Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis to different oxygen concentrations, temperature, and photoperiod.  M.A. Thesis, Southwest Missouri State University, Springfield, MO.  37 pp.    

 

Blais, D. P.  1996.  Movement, home range, and other aspects of the biology of the eastern hellbender (Cryptobranchus a. alleganiensis):  A radio telemetric study.  M.A. Thesis, Binghamton University, Binghamton, NY.   

 

Coatney, C. E., Jr.  1982.  Home range and nocturnal activity of the Ozark hellbender.  M.S. Thesis, Southwest Missouri State University, Springfield, MO.   

Gottlieb, J. A.  1991.  A Population Study of the Hellbender Salamander, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis, in the Allegheny River Drainage of New York State.  M.S. Thesis, St. Bonaventure University, Olean, NY.   

 

Guimond, R. W.  1970.  Aerial and aquatic respiration in four species of paedomorphic salamanders:  Amphiuma means means, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis, Necturus maculosus maculosus, and Siren lacertina.  PhD Dissertation, University of Rhode Island.  372pp.

 

Humphries, W. J.  1999.  Ecology and population demography of the hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis, in West Virginia. M.S. Thesis, Marshall University, Huntington, WV.

 

Ingersol, C. A.  1982.  Seasonal reproductive changes in Cryptobranchus alleganiensis. M.S. Thesis, Southwest Missouri State University, Springfield, MO.  71 pp.

 

Kern, W. H.  1984.  The hellbender, C. alleganiensis, in Indiana.  M.A. Thesis, Indiana State University.  48 pp.

 

Makowsky, R.  2004.  Natural history and sexual dimorphism of the eastern hellbender, Cryptobranchus a. alleganiensis.  M.S. Thesis, Marshall University, Huntington, WV.   69pp.   

 

Peterson, C.L.  1979.  Age and growth of the Ozark Hellbender.  M.S. Thesis.  Southwest Missouri State Univ., Springfield, MO. 

 

Peterson, C.L.  1985.  Comparative demography of four populations of the hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis, in the Ozarks.  Ph.D. Dissertation.  University of Missouri, Columbia, MO.  158 pp.

 

Prosen, E.  1999.  Status of the eastern hellbender (Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis) in Missouri: a comparison of past and present populations.  M.S. Thesis.  Southwest Missouri State University, Springfield, MO.

 

Routman, E. J.  1990.  Paedomorphosis and population structure in the salamanders Cryptobranchus alleganiensis and Ambystoma tigrinum.  Ph.D. Thesis, Washington University, St. Louis, MO. 

 

Unger, S. D.  2003.  Sperm production and larval development in hellbenders (Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis and C. a. bishopi): a comparison of declining and stable populations.  M.Sc. Thesis.  Southwest Missouri State University, Springfield, MO.  88pp.

 

 

Unpublished Reports

 

Anonymous.  2000.  Best Management Practices: Hellbender: Cryptobranchus alleganiensisMissouri Department of Conservation, Jefferson City, MO.  2pp.

 

Cash, W. B.  1996.  Population status of the hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis, in Bear Creek, Tishomingo County, Mississippi. 

 

Cilburn, W.  1991.  Status of Cryptobranchus alleganiensis in Mississippi.  Final Report to the Mississippi Commission on Wildlife Conservation, Mississippi Natural Heritage Program. 

 

LeClaire, L. V.  No Date.  Status review of Ozark Hellbender (Cryptobranchus bishopi).  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Jackson, MS.

 

Pfingsten, R. A. 1988b.  The status and distribution of the hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis, in Ohio.  Unpublished Report to the Ohio Department of Natural Resources.  25 pp. 

 

Prosen, E., B. Wheeler, R. Wilkinson, A. Mathis, and B. Greene.  1998.  Missouri hellbender survey: a progress report.  Unpublished Report for Southwest Missouri State University. 

 

Ziehmer, B., and T. Johnson. 1992.  Status of the Ozark hellbender in Missouri.  Unpublished Report.  Natural History Division, Missouri Department of Conservation, Jefferson City.  5 pp. + maps + appendix.