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GOFF/GOUGH SURNAME DNA STUDY (incl. Goffe, Gaugh, Gawf, Gauff)

Last Update: 9 October 2014

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* For additional Y-DNA STR markers above 67 and SNPs for FTDNA participants, please visit http://www.familytreedna.com/public/GoffDNA/

 

     

DYS # (all values reported using Family Tree DNA standards, except 461 & 463, which is NIST)

                   
Kit # Earliest Known Common Ancestor H G
A R
P O
L U
O P

3
9
3

3
9
0
1
9
3
9
1

3
8
5
a

(1)

3
8
5
b

(1)

4
2
6
3
8
8
4
3
9
3
8
9
i
3
9
2
3
8
9
ii
4
5
8
4
5
9
a
4
5
9
b
4
5
5
4
5
4
4
4
7
4
3
7
4
4
8
4
4
9
4
6
4
a
4
6
4
b
4
6
4
c
4
6
4
d

4
6
4
e

(2)

4
6
4
f

(2)

4
6
0
G
A
T
A
H
4
Y
C
A
I
I
a
Y
C
A
I
I
b
4
5
6
6
0
7
5
7
6
5
7
0
C
D
Y
a
C
D
Y
b
4
4
2
4
3
8
5
3
1
5
7
8
3
9
5
S
1
a
3
9
5
S
1
b
5
9
0
5
3
7
6
4
1
4
7
2
4
0
6
S
1
5
1
1
4
2
5
4
1
3
a
4
1
3
b
5
5
7
5
9
4
4
3
6
4
9
0
5
3
4
4
5
0
4
4
4
4
8
1
5
2
0
4
4
6
6
1
7
5
6
8
4
8
7
5
7
2
6
4
0
4
9
2
5
6
5
4
4
1
4
4
5
4
5
2
4
6
1
4
6
2
4
6
3
G
A
T
A
B
0
7
G
A
T
A
C
4
G
A
T
A
A
1
0
6
4
3
Mutation Rates (in %)   .09 .36 .12 .25 .23 .23 .02 .03 .34 .18 .12 .21 .48 .10 .10 .03 .02 .32 .14 .20 .53 .28 .28 .28 .28 .28 .28 .24 .25 .10 .10 .44 .31 .55 .45 .67 .67 .25 .08                                       .24     .26               .11 .08 .14 .19 .04 .13 .07 .19 .31  
 

1639 GOUGH/GOFF (Oxfordshire, Eng/Bristol Co., MA/Buckingham Co., VA, USA)

393 390 19 391 385a 385b 426 388 439 389i 392 389i 458 459a 459b 455 454 447 437 448 449 464a 464b 464c 464d 464e 464f 460 H4 YCAIIa YCAIIb 456 607 576 570 CDYa CDYb 442 438 531 578 395s1a 395s1b 590 537 641 472 406s1 511 425 413a 4513b 557 594 436 490 534 450 444 481 520 446 617 568 487 572 640 492 56 441 445 452 461 462 463 B07 C4 A10 643
      13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 16 16 17     11 11 19 23 16 15 17 17 37 37 13 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 11 12 22 23 16 10 10 12 15 8 12 22 20 12 12 11 14 11 11 12 12       12   22     13  
F337180 Richard Gough 1564-1639 Souldern, Oxfordshire>Ferdinando Gough 1598 R-M269 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 19 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 16 16 17     11 11 19 23 16 15 17 17 37 37 13 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 11 12 22 23 16 10 10 12 15 8 12 22 20 12 12 11 14 11 11 12 12                    
F165964 Samuel Goff 1795 NY R1b1b2 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 19 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 16 16 17     11 11 19 23 16 15 18 17 36 37 13 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 9 10 11 12 22 23 16 10 10 12 15 8 12 22 20 12 12 11 14 11 11 12 12                    
FN106165 David Goff pre-1791 NY> John Goff 1805 Canada R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 19 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 16 16 17     11 11 19 23 16 15 17 17 37 37 13 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 9 10 11 12 22 23 16 10 10 12 15 8 12 22 20 12 12 11 14 11 11 12 12                    
F199248 Richard Gough 1564-1639 Souldern, Oxfordshire>William Gough 1612 Souldern R-M269 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 16 16 17     11 11 19 23 16 15 18 17 37 37 13 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 11 12 22 23 16 10 10 12 15 8 12 22 20 12 12 11 14 11 11 12 12                    
F123616 William Gough 1755 res Henrico/now Buckingham Co., VA> William A. R1b1b2 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 16 17     11 11 19 23 15 15 17 17 37 37 13 12 11 9 15 17 8 10 10 8 10 11 12 22 23 16 10 10 12 15 8 12 22 20 12 12 11 14 11 11 12 12                    
FN69264 William Gough 1755 res Henrico/now Buckingham Co., VA > Elijah R1b1b2 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 15 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 16 17     11 11 19 23 16 15 17 17 37 37 13 12 11 9 15 17 8 10 10 8 10 11 12 22 23 16 10 10 12 15 8 12 22 20 12 12 11 14 11 11 12 12                    
F143675 Anthony Goffe m. 1685> Anthony Goff R1b1b2 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 16 16 17     11 11 19 23 16 15 17 17 37 37 13 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 11 12 21 23 16 10 10 12 15 8 12 22 20 12 12 11 14 11 11 12 12                    
DLXW8WF/H1312 Anthony Goffe m. 1685> Robert Goff 1691 R1b 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 16 16 17     10 11 19 23 16           13 12                                       13     12               13 12 11 12 11 22 10 23 13  
F86159 Anthony Goffe m. 1685> Richard Goff 1695 R1b1c 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 16 16 17     11 11 19 23 16 15 17 17 36 37 13 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 11 12 22 23 16 10 10 12 15 8 12 22 20 12 12 11 14 11 11 12 12                    
T260847 [Gilbert B Goff] R1b 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 16 17 17     11 11 19 23 16 15 17 17 37 37 13 12                                       12 22   12               13 12 11 12   22 10 23 13 10
F151641 Davenport   13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 16 17 17     11 11 19 23 16 15 16 17 36 37 13 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 11 12 22 23 16 10 10 12 15 8 12 22 20 12 12 11 14 11 11 12 12                    
F50512 Jonathan Goff c1818 Taunton, MA R1b1b2 13 24 14 10 12 13 12 12 11 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 16 16 17     11 11 19 23 16 14 17 17 37 37 13 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 11 12 22 23 16 10 10 12 15 8 12 22 20 12 12 11 14 11 11 12 12                    
F207753 David T. Goff 1812 Schoharie Co, NY   13 24 14 11 12 13 12 12 11 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 16 16 17     11 11 19 23 16 14 17 17 37 37 13 12 11 9 15 16 8 11 10 8 10 11 12 22 23 16 10 10 12 15 8 12 22 20 12 12 11 14 11 11 12 12                    
                                                           
Currently, the first confirmed record of this extended family is the 1639 probate of the will of Richard Gough of Souldern, Oxfordshire. This will provides significant information on Richards' family, including his wife, children, their spouses and two grandsons. Based on a matching of 19 repeats at DYS458, there's some indication that F337180 may be of the same lineage as F165964 and FN106165, who have American roots dating to at least the 1790s but who have not been connected to the Anthony Goffe family. 

The earliest record in American is 29 September 1686 when Anthony Goff of Billerica, MA married Sarah Polley of Wooburn, MA in Billerica, MA.Participant F86159 traced his ancestry to Thomas Franklin Goff b. 1828 Bristol Co., NY, who can then be traced to his grandfather, Asa Goff b. 1782 in Rehoboth, Bristol Co., MA, a descendant of Anthony Goffe through his son Richard Goff. Participant DLXW8WF has a paper trail to Anthony Goffe through his son Robert Goff. Participant F50512 descends from Jonathan Goff who, according to his military records, was born in Taunton, MA, which is in Bristol Co., MA. All three men are high matches for the ancestral haplotype, although Jonathan Goff has not yet been connected to Anthony Goffe. Note that all mutations are arbitrarily assigned to kit F50512, which has been SNP-tested as M269+ by FTDNA. Until another participant with these marker tests joins the project there is no way to know which participant's lineage has which of the four mutations.

William Gough was born 1723 in Oxfordshire, son of Ferdinando Gough. William married Alice Bland nee Hatton in Marsh Gibbon in Buckinghamshire on 10 November1755. A paternal Gough descendant of William Gough The Buckingham Co., VA and Bristol Co., MA Gough/Goff families match on 63 of 67 markers. The genetic distance tilts the odds that William Gough of Buckingham Co., VA shares a common lineage with, but does not descend from, the Bristol Co., MA Goff family.  

 

                                                         
 

1649 GOFF Wethersfield, CT / NC, USA)

393 390 19 391 385a 385b 426 388 439 389i 392 389i 458 459a 459b 455 454 447 437 448 449 464a 464b 464c 464d 464e 464f 460 H4 YCAIIa YCAIIb 456 607 576 570 CDYa CDYb 442 438 531 578 395s1a 395s1b 590 537 641 472 406s1 511 425 413a 413b 557 594 436 490 534 450 444 481 520 446 617 568 487 572 640 492 565 441 445 452 461 462 463 B07 C4 A10 643
R1b1 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 13 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 14 14 16 17     10 11 19 23 16           13 12                                                                                
F25250 Philip Goffe 1617 - 1676 Hartford Co CT R1b1 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 13 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 14 14 16 17                                                                                                            
F24908 Philip Goffe 1617 - 1676 Hartford Co CT R1b1 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 14 14 16 17     10 11 19 23 16 15 18 17 39 40 13 12                                                                                
D41KPJ5/H1844 James E. Goff  1805NC R1b1 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 13 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 14 14 16 17     10 11 19 23 16           13 12                                       11     14               13 12 11 12 11 25 10 23 13  

Philip Goffe was in Wethersfield, CT by 1649 when the birth of his son, Jacob, was recorded in Land Record Vol. 1., page 17. See The Barbour Collection of Connecticut Town Vital Records, Vol. 52 by Ed White. Participants F25250 and F24908 are grandfather and grandson, so results are not triangulated on the ancestor Philip Goffe b. 1617, but are a close match with a descendant of James E. Goff b. 1805. James E. Goff's first known appearance is marriage to Jane H. Jones 6 November 1836 in Delaware Co., IN. The 1850 census states that he was born in NC. Descendants of Philip Goffe and James E. Goff match on all 32 overlapping markers and there is a 92% or 97% probability that the most recent common ancestor was no more than 200 or 300 years ago, respectively. The precise connection between these families is not known. 

                                                         
 

1658 GOFFE/GOUGH/GOFF (New Kent Co., VA, USA)

393 390 19 391 385a 385b 426 388 439 389i 392 389i 458 459a 459b 455 454 447 437 448 449 464a 464b 464c 464d 464e 464f 460 H4 YCAIIa YCAIIb 456 607 576 570 CDYa CDYb 442 438 531 578 395s1a 395s1b 590 537 641 472 406s1 511 425 413a 413b 557 594 436 490 534 450 444 481 520 446 617 568 487 572 640 492 565 441 445 452 461 462 463 B07 C4 A10 643
  R1a 13 25 16 10 11 14 12 10 11 14 11 31 16 9 10 11 11 24 14 19 30 12 15 15 16     11 11 19 23 16 16 18 20 33 38 12 11 11 8 17 17 8 12 10 8 11 10 12 22 23 16 10 12 12 14 8 14 23 22 12 13 11 13 10 11 12 13 12 12 12 11 11 22 9 23 15  
F117318 Thomas Goff, Sr. c1650 VA>John>Leonard R1a 13 25 16 10 11 14 12 10 11 14 11 31 16 9 10 11 11 24 14 19 30 12 15 15 16     11 11 19 23 16 16 18 20 33 38 12 11 11 8 17 17 8 12 10 8 11 10 12 22 23 16 10 12 12 14 8 14 23 22 12 13 11 13 10 11 12 13                    
F150313 Thomas Goff, Sr. c1650 VA>John>Leonard R1a 13 25 15 10 11 14 12 10 11 14 11 31 16 9 10 11 11 24 14 19 30 12 15 15 16     11 11 19 23 16 16 18 20 33 38 12 11 11 8 17 17 8 12 10 8 11 10 12 22 23 16 10 12 12 14 8 14 23 22 12 13 11 13 10 11 12 13                    
FN68116 Thomas Goff, Sr. c1650 VA>John>Leonard R1a 13 25 16 10 11 14 12 10 11 14 11 32                                                                                                                                      
F49213 Thomas Goff, Sr. c1650 VA>John>Leonard>Ambrose Goff 1766VA-1854TN R1a 13 25 16 10 11 14 12 10 11 14 11 31 16 9 10 11 11 24 14 19 30 12 15 15 16                                                                                                            
F315677 Thomas Goff, Sr. c1650 VA>John>Leonard>Ambrose Goff 1766VA-1854TN R1a 13 25 16 10 11 14 12 10 11 14 11 31 16 9 10 11 11 24 14 19 30 12 15 15 16     11 11 19 23 16 16 18 20 33 38 12 11 11 8 17 17 8 12 10 8 11 10 12 22 23 16 10 12 12 14 8 14 23 22 12 13 11 13 10 11 12 13                    
D61ICB8/H1840 Thomas Goff, Sr. c1650 VA>John>Leonard>Ambrose Goff 1766VA-1854TN R1a 13 25 16 10 11 14 12 10 11 14 11 31 16 9 10 11 11 24 14 19 30 12 15 15 16     11 11 19 23 16           12 11                                       13     12               12 12 12 11 11 22 9 23 15  
F299398 Thomas Goff, Sr. c1650 VA>John>John R1a 13 25 16 10 11 14 12 10 11 14 11 31 16 9 10 11 11 24 14 19 30 12 15 15 16     11 11 19 23 16 16 18 20 33 38 12 11 11 8 17 17 8 12 10 8 11 10 12 22 23 16 10 12 12 14 8 14 23 22 12 13 11 13 10 11 12 13                    
F46098 Thomas Goff, Sr. c1650 VA>John>John R1a 13 25 16 10 11 14 12 10 11 14 11 31 16 9 10 11 11 24 14 19 30 12 15 15 16     11 11 19 23 16 16 18 20 33 37 12 11 11 8 17 17 8 12 10 8 11 10 12 22 23 16 10 12 12 14 8 14 23 22 12 13 11 13 10 11 12 13                    
F210796 Thomas Goff, Sr. c1650 VA>John>John R1a 13 25 16 10 11 14 12 10 11 14 11 31 16 9 10 11 11 24 14 19 30 12 15 15 16     11 11 19 23 16 16 18 19 33 38 12 11                                                                                
D69ZFH4/H1843 Thos Goff, Sr. c1650 VA>Thos>William>Joshua R1a 13 25 16 10 11 14 12 10 11 14 11 31 16 9 10 11 11 24 14 19 30 12 15 15 16     11 11 19 22 16           12 11                                       14     12               12 12 12 11 11 22 9 23 15  
F161603 Thos Goff, Sr. c1650 VA>Thos>William>William R1a 13 24 16 10 11 14 12 10 11 14 11 31                                                                                                                                      
D13DYS6/H1841 Thos Goff, Sr. c1650 VA>Thos>William>William R1a 13 24 16 10 11 14 12 10 11 14 11 31 16 9 10 11 11 24 14 19 30 12 15 15 16     11 11 19 23 16           12 11                                       14     12               12 12 12 11 11 22 9 23 15  
F174853 Thos Goff, Sr. c1650 VA>Thos>William>William R1a 13 24 16 10 11 14 12 10 11 14 11 31 16 9 10 11 11 24 14 19 30 12 15 15 16     11 11 19 23 16 16 18 20 33 38 12 11                                                                                
D71PIG1/H1845 Isham Goff c1810 SC R1a 13 25 16 10 11 14 12 10 11 14 11 31 16 9 10 11 11 24 14 19 30 12 15 15 16     11 11 19 23 16           12 11                                       14     12               12 12 12 11 11 22 9 23 15  
The first proven reference to this family is Virginia on 7 October 1658: "I Samuel Mathews, Esq Va (?) give and grant unto William Goffe one thousand acres of land situate in the County of New Kent on the northeast side of Mattapony River, and on the South West side of Whorecock Swamp. . . ." This is now King and Queen Co., VA. There is a  DNA match with Isham Goff  born ca. 1810 SC, but the earliest record is his marriage to Sarena McBride (c1813 GA – bef 1860) on 21 January 1831 in Rhea Co., TN. The connection between Isham Goff and the New Kent Co., VA Goffe family is unknown.                                                           
 

1665 GOUGH/GOFF (St. Mary's Co., MD / Loudoun Co., VA, USA)

393 390 19 391 385a 385b 426 388 439 389i 392 389i 458 459a 459b 455 454 447 437 448 449 464a 464b 464c 464d 464e 464f 460 H4 YCAIIa YCAIIb 456 607 576 570 CDYa CDYb 442 438 531 578 395s1a 395s1b 590 537 641 472 406s1 511 425 413a 413b 557 594 436 490 534 450 444 481 520 446 617 568 487 572 640 492 565 441 445 452 461 462 463 B07 C4 A10 643
    I1 13 22 16 10 13 14 11 14 11 12 11 28 15 8 9 8 11 23 16 20 30 12 14 15 15     10 10 19 19 14 14 18 18 34 35 12 10 11 8 15 15 8 11 10 8 9 9 12 21 25 15 10 12 12 16 8 13 27 20 13 12 11 12 11 11 12 11 16 11 12 11 12 21 11 23 13  

D64PCQ6/H1839

F132806

Stephen Gough d 1700 MD > Benjamin I1 13 22 16 10 13 14 11 14 12 12 11 28 15 8 9 8 11 23 16 20 30 12 14 15 15     10 10 19 19 14 14 18 18 34 35 12 10 11 8 15 15 8 11 10 8 9 9 12 21 25 16 10 12 12 16 8 13 27 20 13 12 11 12 11 11 12 11 16 11 12 11 12 21 11 23 13  
F249466 Stephen Gough d 1700 MD > Benjamin I1 13 22 16 10 13 14 11 14 12 12 11 28 15 8 9 8 11 23 16 20 29 12 14 15 15     10 10 19 19 14 14 18 18 33 35 12 10                                                                                
F212670 Stephen Gough d 1700 MD > Benjamin   13 22 16 9 13 14 11 14 12 12 11 28 15 8 9 8 8\11 23 16 20 30 12 14 15 15     10 10 19 19 14 14 18 18 34 35 12 10 11 8 15 15 8 11 10 8 9 9 12 21 25 15 10 12 12 16 8 13 27 20 13 12 11 12 11 11 12 11                    
F132668 Stephen Gough d 1700 MD > Charles I1 13 22 16 10 13 14 11 14 11 12 11 28 15 8 9 8 11 23 16 20 30 12 14 15 15     11 10 19 19 14 14 18 18 34 35 12 10 11 8 15 15 8 11 10 8 9 9 12 21 25 15 10 12 12 16 8 13 27 20 13 12 11 12 11 11 12 11                    
F25897 James Goff 1735 Eng? I1 13 22 16 10 13 14 11 14 11 12 11 28 15 8 9 8 11 23 16 20 30 12 14 14 15 15 15                                                                                                        
SMGF1 James Goff 1735 Eng? I1 13 22 16 10 13 14 11 14 11 12 11 28 15 8 9 8 11 23 16 20 31             10 10 19 19 14 14         12 10                                       13     13               16 11 12 11 12 21 11 23 13  
F25496 James Goff 1735 Eng? I1 13 22 16 10 13 14 11 14 11 12 11 28 15 8 9 8 11 23 16 20 30 12 15 15 15     10 10 19 19 14 14 18 18 35 35 12 10 11 8 15 15 8 11 10 8 9 9 12 21 25 15 10 12 12 16 8 13 27 20 13 12 11 12 11 11 12 11 16 11 12 11 12 21 11 23 13  
F26367 James Goff 1735 Eng? I1 13 22 16 10 13 14 11 14 11 12 11 28                                                                                                                                      
F88604 John Turton Goff Eng?  I1 13 22 16 10 13 14 11 14 11 12 11 28 15 8 9 8 11 23 16 20 30 12 14 15 15     10 10 19 19 14 14 18 18 35 35 12 10 11 8 15 15 8 11 10 8 9 9 12 21 25 15 10 12 12 16 8 13 27 20 13 12 11 12 11 11 12 11                    
F97884 John Turton Goff Eng?  I1 13 22 16 10 13 14

11

14 11 12 11 28 15 8 9 8 11 23 16 20 30 12 14 15 15     10 10 19 19 14 14 18 18 33 35 12 10                                                                       21       12
F262995 Salathiel Goff 1748 I1 13 22 16 10 13 14 11 14 10 12 11 28 15 8 9 8 11 23 16 20 30 12 14 15 15     10 10 19 19 14 14 18 18 34 35 12 10 11 8 15 15 8 11 10 8 9 9 12 21 25 15 10 15 12 16 8 13 27 20 13 12 11 12 11 11 12 11                    
F29240 Salathiel Goff 1748 Eng? I1 13 22 16 10 13 14 11 14 10 12 11 28 15 8 9 8 11 23 16 20 30 12 14 15 15     10 10 19 19 14 14 18 18 34 35 12 10 11 8 15 15 8 11 10 8 9 9 12 21 25 15 10 12 12 16 8 13 27 20 13 12 11 12 11 11 12 11                    
First proven reference to this family is when Stephen Goffe (spelling in document) was transported to America in 1664 or 1665 by William Tettershall, according to land patent records at the Maryland State Archives.  The Tettershall family of St. Mary's Co., MD was from Wiltshire, England and Stephen Gough later married the widow Mary (Tettershall) Jarboe, who had a brother named William Tettershall. The ancestral haplotype of the father of the four Goff brothers of western VA is a 56/58 match with a descendant of Stephen Gough d. 1700 St. Mary's Co., MD. The four Goff brothers first appeared in the known historical record in 1765/66 Loudoun Co., VA. Ignatius and Patrick Burns, Catholics from St. Mary’s Co., MD, were close neighbors of the Goffs in Loudoun Co., VA. St. Ignatius was the patron saint of the Catholic settlement in MD and there was a heavy concentration of this given name in St. Mary’s Co., MD. As such, the 1790-1820 census was analyzed for instances of this name in the states around MD to learn something about the migration paths out of St. Mary’s.

Descendants of the four Goff brothers are generally Protestant while descendants of Stephen Gough of St. Mary's Co., MD are generally Catholic. While Stephen Gough (d. 1700 St. Mary’s Co., MD) and the four Goff brothers of western Virginia, have matching Y-chromosomes, the precise nature of their relationship is unknown. DYS439 may hold the key to sorting out the precise relationship between these families. Within haplogroup I1, 11 repeats is observed 75% of the time while 12 repeats are found about 18% of the time.

A distribution analysis of the Goff surname and similar haplotypes in England has uncovered what may be a related Goff family in 16th century Norfolk Co., England. Note that this family includes sons named Salathiel and Benjamin, which are common names among four Goff brothers and Stephen Gough descendants, respectively. There are indications that the deeper ancestry of this haplotype is in Norway/Sweden.. Haplogroup I1 is confirmed by P40+ (kit F25496 - Ethnoancestry) and M253+ (kit F88604 - FTDNA). 

                                                         
 

1709 GOUGH (Leicester, Eng)

393 390 19 391 385a 385b 426 388 439 389i 392 389i 458 459a 459b 455 454 447 437 448 449 464a 464b 464c 464d 464e 464f 460 H4 YCAIIa YCAIIb 456 607 576 570 CDYa CDYb 442 438 531 578 395s1a 395s1b 590 537 641 472 406s1 511 425 413a 413b 557 594 436 490 534 450 444 481 520 446 617 568 487 572 640 492 565 441 445 452 461 462 463 B07 C4 A10 643
    J2a   23 14 11 13 19 11 15   14 12     8 9   11 25 15 20               10 11 19 23 15           13 9                                       12     14                 10 9   11   11 21 13  
SMGF2 Johannes Gough 1557 Marsh, Shropshire, Eng J2a 13 23 14 11 13 19 11 15 12 14 12 30 16 8 9 11 11 25 15 20 29 12 13 14 16     10 11 19 23 15           13 9                                       12     14               14 10 9 12 11 22 11 21 13  
SMGF3 Thomas Gough 1774 Coleorton, Leicester, Eng J2a   23 14 11 13 19 11 15   14 12     8 9   11 25 15 20               10 11 19 23 15           13 9                                       12     14                 10 9   11   11 21 13  
SMGF2 traces his lineage from Utah, USA to Leicestershire to Shropshire while SMGF3 traces his lineage from Yorkshire to Leicester. The most likely point of connection between these two families would seem to be Leicestershire in the early- to mid-1700s.                                                          
 

1745 GOFF (Lee Co., VA, USA)

93 390 19 391 385a 385b 426 388 439 389i 392 389i 458 459a 459b 455 454 447 437 448 449 464a 464b 464c 464d 464e 464f 460 H4 YCAIIa YCAIIb 456 607 576 570 CDYa CDYb 442 438 531 578 395s1a 395s1b 590 537 641 472 406s1 511 425 413a 413b 557 594 436 490 534 450 444 481 520 446 617 568 487 572 640 492 565 441 445 452 461 462 463 B07 C4 A10 643
R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 12 15 13 12 12 13 13 29 17 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 16 16 18     10 10 19 23 15 15 17 17 37 38 12 12                                                                                
F192630 Thomas Goff 1821 Lee Co VA R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 12 15 13 12 13 13 13 29 17 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 16 16 18     10 10 19 23 15 15 17 17 37 38 12 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 11 10 12 23 23 16 10 12 12 15 8 13 21 21 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12                    
FN21890 Daniel Schroyer 1781 MD R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 12 15 13 12 13 13 13 29 17 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 16 16 18     10 10 19 23 15 15 17 17 37 38 12 12                                               12 11 13 11 11 12 12                    
F124769 John Goff, b. 1740 VA, d. 1796 KY R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 12 15 13 12 12 13 13 29 17 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 16 16 18                                                                                                            
DVQ3PXR/H1833 George Goff  1850 TN R1b 13 24 14 10 12 15 13 12 12 13 13 29 17 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 16 16 18     10 10 19 23 15           12 12                                       13     13                                  
Ancestry/B2394 Elisha/Elijah Goff 1772 KY - 1870 MO R1b1a 13 24 14 10 12 15 13 12 12 13 13 29 17 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 16 16 18     10 10 19 23 15 15 17 17 37 38 12 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 11 10 12 23 23 16 10 12 12 15 8 13 21 21 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12 13 12 31 12 11 23 10 23 13  
F316662 Andrew Goff 1748 VA - 1831 TN>Thomas Goff
1781TN - 1817 TN
R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 12 15 13 12 12 13 13 29 17 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 16 16 18     10 10 19 23 15 15 17 17 37 38 12 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 11 10 12 23 23 16 10 12 12 15 8 13 21 21 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12                    
Ancestry Andrew Goff 1748 VA - 1831 TN>Isaac Shelby Goff 1798-VA—1833-MS R1b 13 24 14 10 12 15 13 12 12 13 13 29 17 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 31 15 16 16 18     10 10 19 23 15           12 12                                       13     13               13 12 31 12 11 23 10 23 13  
George Goff's first identified appearance is in the 1880 Centralia, Marion Co., IL census in which he indicates that he,  his father and mother were born in TN.                                                           
 

1763 AUSTIN>GOFF (New London Co., CT, USA)

393 390 19 391 385a 385b 426 388 439 389i 392 389i 458 459a 459b 455 454 447 437 448 449 464a 464b 464c 464d 464e 464f 460 H4 YCAIIa YCAIIb 456 607 576 570 CDYa CDYb 442 438 531 578 395s1a 395s1b 590 537 641 472 406s1 511 425 413a 413b 557 594 436 490 534 450 444 481 520 446 617 568 487 572 640 492 565 441 445 452 461 462 463 B07 C4 A10 643
  J2 12 23 14 10 14 17 11 15 11 13 11 29 14 9 9 11 11 25 15 21 29 14 14 15 16     10 10 19 23 15 15 19 15 35 35 10 9 10 7 14 15 8 11 1 8 10 10 12 17 17 16 11 12 14 16 8 12 23 22 12 12 11 13 11 12 12 11                    
D40PLK8/H1838 Richard Goff 1763 CT - 1842 NY/James B. Goff J2 12 23 14 10 14 17 11 15 11 13 11 29 14 9 9 11 11 25 15 21 29 14 14 15 16     10 10 19 23 15 15 18 15 34 35 10 9 10 7 14 15 8 11 10 8 10 10 12 17 17 16 11 12 14 16 8 12 23 22 12 12 11 13 11 12 12 11 11 12 10 13 11 20 11 23 13  
F97431 Richard Goff 1763 CT - 1842 NY/Harvey Winchester Goff J2 12 23 14 10 14 17 11 15 11 13 11 29 14 9 9 11 11 25 15 21 29 14 14 15 16     10 10 19 23 15 15 18 15 35 35 10 9 10 7 14 15 8 11 1 8 10 10 12 17 17 16 11 12 14 17 8 12 23 22 12 12 11 13 11 12 12 11                    
F89546 Jonah 1598 Kent England>Jonah>Jonah J2 12 23 14 10 14 17 11 15 11 13 11 29 14 9 9 11 11 25 15 21 29 14 14 15 16     10 10 19 23 15 15 19 15 35 35 10 9 10 7 14 15 8 11 1 8 10 10 12 17 17 16 11 12 13 16 8 12 23 22 12 12 11 13 11 12 12 11                    
F24498 Jonah 1598  Kent England>Jonah>Jonah J2 12 23 14 10 14 17 11 15 11 13 11 29 14 8 9 11 11 25 15 21 29 14 14 15 16     10 10 19 23 15 15 19 15 34 35 10 9 10 7 14 15   8 11 10 8 10 12 17 17 16 11 12 13 16 8 12 23 22 12 12 11 13 11 12 12 11                    
F24626 Jonah 1598  Kent England>Jonah>John J2 12 23 14 10 14 17 11 15 11 13 11 29 14 9 9 11 11 25 15 21 29 14 14 15 16     10 10 19 23 15 15 20 15 35 35 10 9 10 7 14 15 8 11 1 8 10 10 12 17 17 16 11 12 13 16 8 12 23 22 12 12 11 13 11 12 12 11                    
F119551 Jonah b 1798 NJ J2 12 23 14 10 14 17 11 15 11 13 11 29 14 9 9 11 11 25 15 21 29 14 14 15 16     10 10 19 23 15   20 15 35 35 10 9 10 7 14 15 8 11 10 8 10 10 12 17 17 16 11 12 13 16 8 12 23 21 12 12 11 13 11 12 12 11                    
F46875 John Austin b 1765 r VA J2 12 23 14 10 14 17 11 15 11 13 11 29 14 9 9 11 11 25 15 21 29 14 14 15 16     10 10 19 23 15 15 20 15 35 35 10 9 10 7 14 15 8 11 10 8 10 10 12 17 17 16 11 12 13 16 8 12 23 22 12 12 11 13 11 12 12 11                    
F69595 John Austin b 1765 r VA J2 12 23 14 10 14 17 11 15 11 13 11 29 14 9 9 11 11 25 15 21 29 14 15 15 16     10 10 19 23 15 15 20 15 35 35 10 9                                                                                
F20945 Benjamin Austin b 1770 MA J2 12 23 14 10 14 17 11 15 11 13 11 29 14 9 9 11 11 25 15 21 29 14 14 15 16     10 10 19 23 14 15 19 15 35 36 10 9 10 7 14 15 8 11 10 8 10 10 12 17 17 16 11 12 13 16 8 12 22 22 12 12 11 13 11 12 12 11                    
F35331 Jason Lee b 1800 CT/CAN J2 12 23 14 10 14 17 11 15 11 13 11 29 14 9 9 11 11 25 15 20 29 14 14 15 16     10 10 19 23 15 15 19 15 35 36 10 9 10 7 14 15 8 11 10 8 10 10 12 17 17 16 11 12 13 16 8 12 22 22 12 12 11 13 11 12 12 11                    
F24037 Stephen Austin 1750 J2 12 23 14 10 14 17 11 15 11 13 11 29 14 9 9 11 11 25 15 21 30 14 14 15 16     10 10 19 23 15 15 19 15 35 35 10 9                                                                                
F20710 Edward 1773 RI J2 12 24 14 10 14 18 11 15 11 13 11 29 14 9 9 11 11 25 15 21 29 14 14 15 16     10 10 19 23 15 15 19 15 35 35 10 9 10 7 14 15 8 11 10 8 10 10 12 17 17 16 11 12 13 16 8 12 22 22 12 12 11 13 11 12 12 11                    
F72725 Robert 1638 Kingstown, RI>Joseph J2 12 23 14 10 14 18 11 15 11 13 11 29 14 9 9 11 11 25 15 21 29 14 14 15 16     10 10 19 23 15 15 19 15 35 36 10 9 10 7 14 15 8 11 10 8 10 10 12 17 17 16 11 12 13 16 8 12 22 23 12 12 11 13 11 12 12 11                    
F20943 Robert 1638 Kingstown, RI>Edward J2 12 23 14 10 14 17 11 15 11 13 11 29 14 9 9 11 11 25 15 21 29 14 14 15 16     10 10 19 23 15 15 18 15 35 36 10 9 10 7 14 15 8 11 10 8 10 10 12 17 17 16 11 12 13 16 8 13 22 22 12 12 11 13 11 12 12 11                    
F13567 Robert 1638 Kingstown, RI>Edward J2 12 23 14 10 14 17 11 14 11 13 11 29 14 9 9 11 11 25 15 21 29 14 14 15 16     10 10 19 23 15 15 19 15 35 35 10 9 10 7 14 15 8 11 10 8 10 10 12 17 17 16 11 12 13 16 8 13 22 22 12 12 11 13 11 12 12 11                    
F100844 Robert 1638 Kingstown, RI>Jeremiah J2 12 23 14 10 14 17 11 15 11 13 11 29 14 9 9 11 11 25 15 21 29 14 14 15 16     10 10 19 23 15 15 19 15 35 35 10 9 10 7 14 15 8 11 10 8 10 10 12 17 17 16 11 12 13 16 8 13 22 22 12 12 11 13 11 12 12 11                    
F82084 Robert 1638 Kingstown, RI>Jeremiah J2 12 23 14 10 14 17 11 15 11 13 11 29 14 9 9 11 11 25 15 21 29 14 14 15 16     10 10 19 23 15 15 19 15 35 35 10 9 10 7 14 15 8 11 10 8 10 10 12 17 17 16 11 12 13 16 8 13 22 22 12 12 11 13 11 12 12 11                    
F90750 Sylvester 1832 MI J2 12 23 14 10 14 17 11 15 11 13 11 29 14 9 9 11 11 25 15 21 29 14 14 15 16     10 10 19 23 15 15 19 15 35 35 10 9 10 7 14 15 8 11 10 8 10 10 12 17 17 16 11 12 13 16 8 12 22 22 12 12 11 13 11 12 12 11                    
F8647 William 1793 CT/VT J2 12 23 14 10 14 17 11 15 11 13 11 29 14 9 9 11 11 25 15 21 29 14 14 15 16     10 10 19 23 15 15 19 15 35 35 10 9 10 7 14 15 8 11 10 8 10 10 12 17 17 16 11 12 13 16 8 12 22 22 12 12 11 13 11 12 12 11                    
F32425 John 1732 MA J2 12 23 14 10 14 17 11 15 11 13 11 29 14 9 9 11 11 25 15 21 29 14 14 15 16     10 10 19 23 15 15 20 15 35 35 10 9 10 7 14 15 8 11 10 8 10 10 12 17 17 16 11 12 13 16 8 12 22 22 12 12 11 13 11 12 12 11                    
F112748 Daniel b 1795 r ME J2 12 23 14 10 14 17 11 15 11 13 11 29 14 9 9 11 11 25 15 21 29 14 14 15 16     10 10 19 23 15 15 20 15 35 36 10 9 10 7 14 15 8 11 10 8 10 10 12 17 17 16 11 12 13 16 8 12 22 22 12 12 11 13 11 12 12 11                    
F46874 John Austin b 1765 r VA J2 12 23 14 10 14 17 11 15 11 13 11 29 14 9 9 11 11 24 15 21 29 14 14 15 16     10 10 19 23 15 15 20 15 35 35 10 9                                                                                
F121491 William W. 1827 QC J2 12 23 14 10 14 17 11 15 11 13 11 29 14 9 9 11 11 25 15 21 29 14 14 15 16                                                                                                            
Richard Goff was a Revolutionary War soldier who was born, according to Revolutionary War pension paper, in 1763 in New London, CT. He lived in Chenango Co., NY. His wife was Polly Winchester. "Winchester" appears as a given name among the descendants of Harvey Winchester Goff. These two descendants are a 32/32 match. 

The Richard Goff haplotype is a 36/37 match with the Austin family haplotype. See Austin-Austen DNA Project. The Richard Goff haplotype shares the 12/23 motif at 444/481 withe Jonah Austen b 1598 family. Jonah's son Jonah Austin d. 1676 in Taunton, MA, which is about 75 miles from New London, CT.

                                                         
 

1769  GOFF (Loudoun Co., VA, USA)

393 390 19 391 385a 385b 426 388 439 389i 392 389i 458 459a 459b 455 454 447 437 448 449 464a 464b 464c 464d 464e 464f 460 H4 YCAIIa YCAIIb 456 607 576 570 CDYa CDYb 442 438 531 578 395s1a 395s1b 590 537 641 472 406s1 511 425 413a 413b 557 594 436 490 534 450 444 481 520 446 617 568 487 572 640 492 565 441 445 452 461 462 463 B07 C4 A10 643
          13 24 13 10 18 18 11 12 10 12 11 29 15 9 9 11 11 27 14 20 34 15 15 16 17     10 10 19 21 14           11 10                                                                                
D85XEK4/H1842 George Emery Goff 1769  VA>Wilson F. Goff 1807 E3b 13 24 13 10 18 18 11 12 10 12 11 29 15 9 9 11 11 27 14 20 34 15 15 16 17     10 10 19 21 14           11 10                                       11     12               16 11 12 12 13 17 11 21 14  
F105210 George Emery Goff 1769  VA>George E. Goff 1806  E1b1b1a4 13 24 13 10 18 18 11 12 10 12 11 29 15 9 9 11 11 27 14 20 34 15 15 16 17     10 10 19 21 14 12 17 19 32 36 11 10                                                                                
Kit F105210 has been SNP-tested M78+ V65+ V13- V22- V36- by FTDNA.                                                          
 

1783 GOFF (Duplin Co., NC, USA)

393 390 19 391 385a 385b 426 388 439 389i 392 389i 458 459a 459b 455 454 447 437 448 449 464a 464b 464c 464d 464e 464f 460 H4 YCAIIa YCAIIb 456 607 576 570 CDYa CDYb 442 438 531 578 395s1a 395s1b 590 537 641 472 406s1 511 425 413a 413b 557 594 436 490 534 450 444 481 520 446 617 568 487 572 640 492 565 441 445 452 461 462 463 B07 C4 A10 643
  R1b 12 24 14 10 11 15 12 12 12 13 13 30 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 17 17     10 11 19 24 15 15 18 17 36 38 11 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8   9 12 23 23 14 10 12 11 14 8 12 22 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12                    
D57MPT4/H1837 Dempsey Goff 1758 NC R1b 12 24 14 10 11 15 12 12 12 13 13 30 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 31 15 15 17 17     10 11 19 24 15           11 12                                       12     13               13 12 10 12 11 22 10 23 13  
F153448 Dempsey Goff 1758 NC R1b1b2 12 24 14 10 11 15 12 12 12 13 13 30 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 31 15 15 17 17     10 11 19 24 15 15 18 17 37 38 11 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 9 12 23 23 14 10 12 11 13 8 12 22 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12                    
F266756 Gates Goff 1777 SC R1b1b2 12 24 14 10 11 15 12 12 12 13 13 30 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 17 17     10 11 19 24 15 15 18 17 36 37 11 12                                                                                
F138312 Enos Goff 1790 SC/TN/KY R1b 12 24 14 10 11 15 12 12 12 13 13 30 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 17 17     10 11 19 24 15 15 18 17 36 38 11 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 11 9 12 23 23 14 10 12 11 14 8 12 22 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12                    
F273683 William Gough 1794 GA/KY R1b1b2 12 24 14 10 11 15 12 12 12 13 13 30 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 17 17     10 11 19 24 15 15 18 17 36 38 11 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 9 12 23 24 14 10 12 11 14 8 12 22 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12                    
The paper trail connection between these four Goff families of the Carolinas is unknown, but the strong DNA matches and geography tilt the odds in favor of a common paternal ancestor in America.

Dempsey Goff first appears on 5 March 1783 in Duplin Co., NC in a marriage bond to Catharine Herring. He lived the remainder of his life in Duplin Co., NC.

According to the 1850 Kershaw Co., SC Federal census, Gates Goff was born ca. 1777 in SC. He is likely the Gates Goff in the 1800 Bladen Co., NC census. In 1810, "Gates Gough" was in Darlington Co., SC census.  By the 1820 census, Gates Goff was in Kershaw Co., SC where he lived the rest of his life. Note that Bladen Co., in eastern NC, and Kershaw Co., SC are separated by about 140 miles, with Darlington Co., SC in the middle. 

Enos Goff first appears in the 1830 Claiborne Co., LA census. Daughter Emmeline J. (Goff) Adams (b. 1827) reported in the 1880 Cherokee Co., TX census that she was born in AL and her father was born in SC. Son Thomas W. Goff (b. 1830) reported his father's birthplace as TN and KY In the 1880 Claiborne Co., LA and 1900 Lincoln Co., LA censuses, respectively. Thomas gave his own birthplace as LA. 

William Gough was born ca. 1794 in GA or KY, according to 1850 Jasper Co., MS and 1860 Clarke Co., MS censuses, respectively, In 1841, William Gough was granted about 40 acres of land in Newton Co., MS..

                                                         
 

1791 GOUGH (Shropshire, Eng)

393 390 19 391 385a 385b 426 388 439 389i 392 389i 458 459a 459b 455 454 447 437 448 449 464a 464b 464c 464d 464e 464f 460 H4 YCAIIa YCAIIb 456 607 576 570 CDYa CDYb 442 438 531 578 395s1a 395s1b 590 537 641 472 406s1 511 425 413a 413b 557 594 436 490 534 450 444 481 520 446 617 568 487 572 640 492 565 441 445 452 461 462 463 B07 C4 A10 643
    13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 19 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 17 18     10 10 19 19 15             12                                                                                
FN20993 Thomas Gough 1791 R1b 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 19 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 17 18     10 10 19 19 15 15 18 17 37 38 13 12                                                                                
A396210 [Brendan Gough] R1b 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 19 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 17 18     10 10 19 19 15           12 12                                       12     13               13 12 30 12 11 24 10 23 13  
The above participants match on 31 of 32 markers. Combined with the same surname, this match indicates a common paternal ancestor since the introduction of surnames. The Ancestry.com participant has not provided his genealogy to determine where the lineages converge.                                                           
 

1794 BARLOW>GOFF/GAWF (Henderson Co., TN / NC, USA)

393 390 19 391 385a 385b 426 388 439 389i 392 389i 458 459a 459b 455 454 447 437 448 449 464a 464b 464c 464d 464e 464f 460 H4 YCAIIa YCAIIb 456 607 576 570 CDYa CDYb 442 438 531 578 395s1a 395s1b 590 537 641 472 406s1 511 425 413a 413b 557 594 436 490 534 450 444 481 520 446 617 568 487 572 640 492 565 441 445 452 461 462 463 B07 C4 A10 643
  I1 13 22 14 10 14 14 11 16 11 12 11 28 15 8 9 8 11 22 16 20 29 12 14 15 16     11 10 19 21 15 14 16 19 37 37 12 10 11 8 15 15 8 11 11 8 9 9 12 23 25 15 10 12 13 16 8 13 25 20 14 13 11 12 11 11 12 11 15 11 12 12 12 19 11 22 13  
D85CYX3/H1846 Edmond Gawf 1794 NC I1 13 22 14 10 14 14 11 16 11 12 11 28 15 8 9 8 11 22 16 20 29 12 14 15 16     11 10 19 21 15           12 10                                       13     14               15 11 12 12 12 19 11 22 13  
F33695 Edmond Gawf 1794 NC I1 13 22 14 10 14 14 11 16 11 12 11 28 15 8 9 8 11 22 16 20 29 12 14 15 16     11 10 19 21 15 14 16 19 36 38 12 10 11 8 15 15 8 11 11 8 9 9 12 23 25 15 10 12 13 16 8 13 25 20 14 13 11 12 11 11 12 11                    
D48SD5H/H1283 Henry Goff 1809 NC I1 13 22 14 10 14 14 11 16 11 12 11 28 15 8 9 8 11 22 16 20 29 12 14 15 16     11 10 19 21             12                                         13     14               15   12   12 19 11 22 13  
D12KU6T/H1847 Henry Goff 1809 NC I1 13 22 14 10 14 14 11 16 11 12 11 28 15 8 9 8 11 22 16 20 29 12 14 15 16     11 10 19 21 15           12 10                                       13     14               15 11 12 12 12 19 11 22 13  
F34097 Lewis Goff 1811 NC/SC I1 13 22 14 10 14 14 11 16 11 12 11 28 15 8 9 8 11 22 16 20 29 12 14 15 16                     37 37                           25 25             13     14                                  
F33278 Lewis Goff 1811 NC/SC I1 13 22 14 10 14 14 11 16 11 12 11 28 15 8 9 8 11 22 16 20 29 12 14 15 16     11 10 19 21 15 14 16 19 37 37 12 10 11 8 15 16 8 11 11 8 9 9 12 23 25 15 10 12 13 16 8 13 25 20 14 13 11 12 11 11 12 11                    
F18724 Wm Henry Barlow 1828 NC I1 13 22 14 10 14 14 11 16 11 12 11 28 15 8 9 8 11 22 16 20 29 12 14 15 16     11 10 19 21 15 14 16 19 37 37 12 10 11 8 15 15 8 11 11 8 9 9 12 23 25 15 10 12 13 16 8 13 25 20 14 13 11 12 11 11 12 11                    
F8769 "Isle of Wight VA" Barlow I1 13 22 14 10 14 14 11 16 11 12 11 28 15 8 9 8 11 22 16 20 29 12 14 15 16     11 10 19 21 15 14 16 19 37 37 12 10                                                                                
F21783 John Barlow 1784/95 NC/VA I1 13 22 14 10 14 14 11 16 11 12 11 28 15 8 9 8 11 22 16 20 29 12 14 15 16     11 10 19 21 15 14 16 19 37 38 12 10 11 8 15 15 8 11 11 8 9 9 12 23 25 15 10 12 13 16 8 13 26 20 14 13 11 12 11 11 12 11                    
F199381 Barlow I1 13 22 14 10 14 14 11 16 11 12 11 28 15 8 9 8 11 22 16 20 29 12 14 14 16     11 10 19 21 15 14 16 19 37 37 12 10                                                                                
F18375 Alfred Hirton Barlow 1813 NC  I1 13 22 14 10 14 14 11 16 11 12 11 28 15 8 9 8 11 22 16 20 29 12 14 15 16     11 10 19 21 15 14 16 19 36 37 12 10 11 8 15 15 8 11 11 8 9 9 12 23 25 15 10 12 13 16 8 13 25 20 14 13 11 12 11 11 12 11                    
F47725 Alfred Hirton Barlow 1813 NC  I1 13 22 14 10 14 14 11 16 11 12 11 28 15 8 9 8 11 22 16 20 29 12 14 15 16     11 10 19 21 15 14 16 19 37 37 12 10 11 8 15 15 8 11 11 8 9 9 12 23 24 15 10 12 13 16 8 13 25 20 14 13 11 12 11 11 12 11                    
F8683 John Barlow 1781 VA I1 13 22 14 10 14 14 11 16 11 12 11 28 15 8 9 8 11 22 16 20 29 12 14 15 16     11 10 19 21 15 14 16 19 36 37 12 10 11 8 15 15 8 11 11 8 9 9 12 23 25 15 10 12 13 16 8 12 25 20 14 13 11 12 11 11 12 11                    
F111773 John Barlow 1781 VA I1 13 22 14 10 14 14 11 16 11 12 11 28                                                                                                                                      
F80830 Unknown I1 13 22 14 10 14 14 11 16 11 12 11 28 15 8 9 8 11 22 16 20 29 12 14 15 16     11 10 19 21 15 14 16 19 37 37 12 10 11 8 15 15 8 11 11 8 9 9 12 23 25 15 10 12 13 16 8 13 25 20 14 13 11 12 11 11 12 11                    
"Edmond Gough" and "Henry Gough" first appear in 1830 and "Louis Gawf" in the 1840 Henderson Co., TN census. Descendants of each of these three men have family stories that their ancestor was born a Barlow and later took the name Goff. Census records indicate that all three men were born in NC, The probability that descendants of Edmond Gawf,  Henry Goff, Lewis Goff, William Henry Barlow and "Isle of Wight, VA" Barlow share a common paternal ancestor is 97% or 99% within the last 200 years or 300 years, respectively. Note that with the possible exception of CDYa/b, all mutations from the common ancestor seem to have arisen in recent generations in each lineage. That is, there are no common mutations with which to sort the lineages. Note that the Barlow haplotypes above are from the Barlow DNA Project

To find a possible location for where the orphan event took place, every Goff and Barlow (and variants) in the 1790-1810 NC census returns was analyzed. William and Thomas Barlow and Sterling Gawf of 1790 Wake Co., NC are the only Barlow and Goff families living in the same county at the same time in NC. By 1800, William and Thomas Barlow were gone, leaving Sterling Gawf with a household that included two white males under the age of 10. Hugh Gawf also appears in the 1800 Wake Co., NC census. By 1810, there were no Goffs or Barlows in Wake Co., NC.  

F80830 has a family tradition that his father was the son of a man other than the paper trail grandfather. The father was born in 1924 in Osage Co., OK to a woman who had been married to the same man since ca. 1917. She and her husband lived in Kingman Co., KS in 1920 and Reno Co., KS in 1930. Her other children (born before and after 1924) were born in KS. The evidence indicates that the biological father of the child born in 1924 was either a Barlow/ar or a Goff/Gawf. 

                                                         
 

1803 GOFF (Tazewell Co,., VA, USA)

393 390 19 391 385a 385b 426 388 439 389i 392 389i 458 459a 459b 455 454 447 437 448 449 464a 464b 464c 464d 464e 464f 460 H4 YCAIIa YCAIIb 456 607 576 570 CDYa CDYb 442 438 531 578 395s1a 395s1b 590 537 641 472 406s1 511 425 413a 413b 557 594 436 490 534 450 444 481 520 446 617 568 487 572 640 492 565 441 445 452 461 462 463 B07 C4 A10 643
    14 22 15 10 14 15 11 13 11 12 11 29                                                                                                                                      
F86287 Edward Goff 1803 Tazewell Co, VA G2a 14 22 15 10 14 15 11 13 11 12 11 29 17 9 9 11 11 23 16 20 32 12 13 13 14     10 11 20 20 15 13 16 18 36 38 12 10                                                                                
F204833 Edward Goff 1803 Tazewell Co., VA   14 22 15 10 14 15 11 13 11 12 11 29                                                                                                                                      
                                                           

1820 GOFF (PA, USA)

393 390 19 391 385a 385b 426 388 439 389i 392 389i 458 459a 459b 455 454 447 437 448 449 464a 464b 464c 464d 464e 464f 460 H4 YCAIIa YCAIIb 456 607 576 570 CDYa CDYb 442 438 531 578 395s1a 395s1b 590 537 641 472 406s1 511 425 413a 413b 557 594 436 490 534 450 444 481 520 446 617 568 487 572 640 492 565 441 445 452 461 462 463 B07 C4 A10 643
    13 26 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 14 13 30 19 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 31 15 16 17 17     11 11 19 23 15 15 16 17 38 39 12 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 11 10 12 23 23 16 10 12 12 14 8 12 22 20 14 13 11 13 10 11 12 12                    
F58526 John F. Goff 1820 PA R1b1b2 13 26 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 14 13 30 19 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 31 15 16 17 17     11 11 19 23 15 15 16 17 38 39 12 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 11 10 12 23 23 16 10 12 12 14 8 12 22 20 14 13 11 13 10 11 12 12                    
F147436 John F. Goff 1820 PA R1b1b2 13 26 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 14 13 30 19 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 31 15 16 17 17     11 11 19 23 15 15 16 17 38 39 12 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 11 10 12 23 23 16 10 12 12 14 8 12 22 20 14 13 11 13 10 11 12 12                    
The DNA participants are first cousins once removed. Their most recent common ancestor of both participants is Emery Burton Goff b 1881 IN, grandson of John F. Goff (b. ca. 1820 PA), who was in Mahoning Co., OH by 1850 and Wells Co., IN by 1860.                                                           
 

1834 FRIEND?>GOFF (Preston Co., WV, USA)

393 390 19 391 385a 385b 426 388 439 389i 392 389i 458 459a 459b 455 454 447 437 448 449 464a 464b 464c 464d 464e 464f 460 H4 YCAIIa YCAIIb 456 607 576 570 CDYa CDYb 442 438 531 578 395s1a 395s1b 590 537 641 472 406s1 511 425 413a 4513b 557 594 436 490 534 450 444 481 520 446 617 568 487 572 640 492 56 441 445 452 461 462 463 B07 C4 A10 643
      13 25 15 10 11 14 12 14 10 14 11   15 9 10 11 11 23 15 21 34 12 15 15 16     11 12 19 21 16 16   19 35 37 12 11                                                                                
F28943 Joseph Goff 1787 VA R1a 13 25 15 10 11 14 12 14 10 14 11 32 15 9 10 11 11 23 15 21 34 12 15 15 16     11 12 19 21 16 16 17 19 35 37 12 11                                                                                
F244212 George W. Goff 1834   13 25 15 10 11 14 12 14 10 14 11 31 15 9 10 11 11 23 15 21 34 12 15 15 16     11 12 19 21 16 16 18 19 35 37 12 11                                                                                

Both families have tradition and paper trail leading back to Preston Co., WV, but do not match the four Goff Brothers of western Virginia Y-DNA. Both men have potentially significant Y-DNA matches with the Bilderback and Friend families. A connection with the Friend family seems more likely since descendants of the Friend family lived in Preston Co., WV at the same time as these two Goff families.

Through autosomal DNA testing, F244212 is predicted as 4th to distant cousin to F25496, a known male line descendant of James Goff of the four Goff brothers. F244212 also has Carrico autosomal DNA matches. These autosomal matches and the Preston Co., WV heritage suggests that a female descendant of one of the four Goff brothers had a son and gave him the Goff surname. More research is needed to prove or disprove this theory. More descendants of each family should take an autosomal DNA test.

                                                         
 

1852 BROCK>GOFF (Cannon Co., TN, USA)

393 390 19 391 385a 385b 426 388 439 389i 392 389i 458 459a 459b 455 454 447 437 448 449 464a 464b 464c 464d 464e 464f 460 H4 YCAIIa YCAIIb 456 607 576 570 CDYa CDYb 442 438 531 578 395s1a 395s1b 590 537 641 472 406s1 511 425 413a 413b 557 594 436 490 534 450 444 481 520 446 617 568 487 572 640 492 565 441 445 452 461 462 463 B07 C4 A10 643
  J1 12 23 14 10 13 18 11 17 11 13 11 31 18 8 9 11 11 25 14 20 25 12 14 15 16     12 10 22 22 14 14 19 20 32 37 12 10 11 8 15 16 8 11 10 8 11 9 12 21 22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 25 21 14 12 11 14 11 12 12 11                    
F91801 Levander Polk Goff c1852 TN J1 12 23 14 10 13 18 11 17 11 13 11 31 18 8 9 11 11 25 14 20 25 12 14 15 16     12 10 22 22 14 14 19 20 32 37 12 10 11 8 15 16 8 11 10 8 11 9 12 21 22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 25 21 14 12 11 14 11 11 12 11                    
F35047 Jesse Brock 1751 VA/Amon/Aaron J 12 23 14 10 13 18 11 17 11 13 11 31 18 8 9 11 11 25 14 20 25 12 14 15 16 16   12 10 22 22 14 14 19 20 32 37 12 10 11 8 15 16 8 11 10 8 11 9 12 21 22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 25 21 14 12 11 14 11 11 12 11                    
F88019 Jesse Brock 1751 VA/Amon/Aaron   12 23 14 10 13 18 11 17 11 13 11 31 18 8 9 11 11 25 14 20 25 12 12 14 15 16 16                                                                                                        
F34687 Jesse Brock 1751 VA/Amon/Ephraim J1 12 23 14 10 13 19 11 17 11 12 11 30 18 8 9 11 11 25 14 20 25 12 14 15 16     12 10 22 22 14 14 19 20 32 37 12 10 11 8 15 16 8 11 10 8 11 9 12 21 22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 25 21 14 12 11 14 11 11 12 11                    
F67994 Jesse Brock 1751 VA/Amon/Solomon J1 12 23 14 10 13 18 11 17 11 13 11 31 18 8 9 11 11 25 14 20 25 12 14 15 16 16   12 10 22 22 14 14 19 20 32 36 12 10                                                                                
F91251 Jesse Brock 1751 VA/Amon/Solomon J1 12 23 14 10 13 18 11 17 11 13 11 31 18 8 9 11 11 25 14 20 25 12 12 14 15 16 16                                                                                                        
F100594 Jesse Brock 1751 VA/Amon/Enoch J1 12 23 14 10 13 18 11 17 11 13 11 31 18 8 8 11 11 25 14 20 25 12 12 14 15 16 16 12 10 22 22 14 14 19 20 32 37 12 10 11 8 15 16 8 11 10 9 11 9 12 21 22 18 10 12 12 15 8 12 25 21 14 14 12 14 11 11 12 11                    
F37587 Jesse Brock 1751 VA/James J1 12 23 14 10 13 18 11 17 11 13 11 31 18 8 9 11 11 25 14 20 25 12 14 15 16     12 10 22 22 14 14 19 20 32 37 12 10 11 8 15 16 8 11 10 8 11 9 12 21 22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 25 21 14 12 11 14 11 12 12 11                    
FN2229 Jesse Brock 1751 VA/Jesse Jr J1 12 23 14 10 13 18 11 17 11 13 11 31                                                                                                                                      
F79942 Jesse Brock 1751 VA/Jesse Jr J1 12 23 14 10 13 18 11 17 11 13 11 31 18 8 9 11 11 25 14 20 25 12 14 15 16                                                                                                            
F62002 Jesse Brock 1751 VA/Aaron J1 12 23 14 10 13 18 11 17 11 13 11 31 18 8 9 11 11 25 14 20 25 12 14 15 16     12 10 22 22 14 14 19 20 32 37 12 10 11 8 15 16 8 11 10 8 11 9 12 21 22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 25 21 14 12 11 14 11 12 12 11                    
F99570 Joshua Brock 1746 VA J1 12 23 14 10 13 18 11 17 11 13 11 30 18 8 9 11 11 25 14 20 25 12 14 15 16     12 10 22 22 14 14 19 20 32 38 12 10                                                                                
F60787 Allen Brock 1759 VA/John 1778 J1 12 23 14 11 13 18 11 17 11 13 11 31                                                                                                                                      
F60788 Allen Brock 1759 VA/Banner 1787 J1 12 23 14 10 13 18 11 17 11 13 11 31 18 8 9 11 11 25 14 20 25 12 14 15 16     12 10 22 22 14 14 19 20 32 37 12 10 11 8 15 16 8 11 10 8 11 9 12 21 22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 25 21 14 12 11 14 11 12 12 11                    
F48474 Jeremiah Brock 1814 KY/Irvin/Benjamin H. J1 12 23 14 10 13 18 11 17 11 13 11 31 18 8 9 11 11 25 14 20 25 12 14 15 16     12 10 22 22 14 14 19 20 32 37 12 10                                                                                
F41783 Jeremiah Brock 1814 KY/Irvin/Waller Cook J1 12 23 14 10 13 18 11 17 11 13 11 31 18 8 9 11 11 25 14 20 25 12 14 15 16     11 10 22 22 14 14 19 20 32 37 12 10 11 8 15 16 8 11 10 8 11 9 12 21 22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 25 21 14 12 11 14 11 12 12 11                    
F63448 James Brock 1759 VA/George Ambrose/George Allen/William Mathias J1 12 23 14 10 13 18 11 17 11 13 11 31 18 8 9 11 11 25 14 20 26 12 14 15 16     11 10 22 22 14 14 19 20 32 37 12 10 11 8 15 16 8 11 10 8 11 9 12 21 22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 25 21 14 12 11 14 11 12 12 11                    
F46928 James Brock 1759 VA/George Ambrose/George Allen/Levi Barton J1 12 23 14 10 13 18 11 17 11 13 11 31 19 8 9 11 11 25 14 20 26 12 14 15 16     12 10 22 22 14 14 19 20 32 37 12 10                                                                                
F62996 Jehu Brock 1787 VA J1 12 23 14 10 13 18 11 17 11 13 11 31 18 8 9 11 11 25 14 20 25 12 14 15 16                                                                                                            
F97459 Henry Brock 1816 IN J1 12 23 14 10 13 18 11 17 11 13 11 31 18 8 9 11 11 25 14 20 25 12 14