GOFF /Gough SURNAME DNA STUDY (INCL. gOFFE, GAUGH, Gawf)                  Home Page

GENETIC GENEALOGY AND THE GOFF/GOUGH FAMILY

The goal of the Goff/Gough Surname DNA Study is to determine how the various Goff/Gough families are related to each other. Using the 1850 census, the size of each Goff/Gough family in the U.S. has been estimated based on Goff/Gough (and phonetic equivalents) males born prior to 1813. This cutoff was designed to try to capture mainly one generation of Goff/Gough males after they've had most of their children, but before their own deaths. Through the Goff Surname DNA Study, the following genetically distinct families have been positively identified, along with what percentage of all U.S. Goff/Gough families they represented in 1850:

  1. JOHANNES GOUGH OF SHROPSHIRE, ENGLAND

  2. Four Goff brothers of western Virginia / STEPHEN GOUGH OF ST. mARY'S CO., MD (6.5%)

  3. Goff Family of Bristol Co. MA & WILLIAM GOUGH OF BUCKINGHAM CO., VA (5.5%)

  1. Goff/Gough family of Bedford Co., VA / ishom goff of sc / ambrose goff of tn (2.0%)

  2. JOHN GOFF OF KENTUCKY

  3. Stephen Goff of CT family / James E. Goff of NC family (1.8%+)

  4. GOFF, NC/SC

  5. Richard goff of chenango co., NY

  6. GEORGE EMERY GOFF OF LOUDOUN CO., VA

  7. THOMAS GOUGH OF SHROPSHIRE, ENGLAND

  8. JOHN F. GOFF OF PA

  9.  EDWARD GOFF OF TAZEWELL CO., VA

  10.  Barlow family of nc / Goff or Gawf family of tn (0.6%)

  11. Levander Polk Goff/Brock Family of TN (0.0% - founder born ca. 1852)

  12. GOUGH/GOUGE/GOOGE/GOOCH FAMILY OF NC/TC (name change to Gough ca. 1940)

We need more participants to identify the various Goff (and variants) families in the world today. Below is some background information on the theory of Y-chromosome testing for genealogy and sign-up details. 

Human sperm and egg cells contain 23 chromosomes. The 23rd chromosome is the one that determines the sex of the child. Males have both an X and a Y 23rd chromosome, but females have two X's and no Y's. Therefore, the Y-chromosome is passed down from generation to generation only through the male line. Since we are tracing the Goff (and variants) surname, which is also usually passed from father to son, we are testing Y-chromosome DNA.

TESTING LABS

The Goff Surname DNA Study will accept test results from any lab. I recommend Family Tree DNA due to their proprietary DNA matching database, which is the largest in the industry. When ordering a test, I recommend at least 25 markers and, ideally, the 67-marker test from Family Tree DNA. 

Family Tree DNA

("FTDNA")

Sample Collection Method Two cheek scrapes
Signup Complete order form 
Procedure A scrape from the inside of each cheek taken several hours apart. Instructions will be included in the kit that FTDNA sends to you
Mail swab to lab FTDNA provides return envelope
Payment Method Credit card or invoice

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