Peralta Community College District
Berkeley City College
Rita Haberlin, Instructor
|40143||Tuesday, December 15, 2015||11:00 a.m.-12:15 p.m.||Room 421|
Final Exam Study Suggestions
Final Exam Coverage: Earth's External Processes - Lithosphere and Hydrosphere
Web Learning Modules: Weathering and Mass Wasting,
Surface Water, Waves and Coastal Landforms, Desert Landforms,
Textbook: Elemental Geosystems,
Christopherson, 8th Edition
Format: There will be about 50 multiple choice questions including a map question (U.S. Lakes and Rivers), a choice of modified true-false questions, and some short answer questions.
You need a long green Scantron form for the multiple-choice portion of the final exam.
Hydrologic and Erosional Processes - Earth's External Processes
Define physical and chemical weathering processes. Explain the role of mass wasting in shaping the landscape. Where is it most active? Identify diagrams showing various forms of mass wasting and describe the kinds of movement involved, (slip, flow or both), the dangers they present to life and property, the rate of movement, and whether rock or regolith is involved in the movement.
Explain how and why people’s activities can contribute to landslides (slope failure). Evaluate various ways in which slope failure can be reduced.
Explain how stream velocity determines stream processes, and the kinds of landforms produced by stream erosion and deposition. Evaluate the causes of flooding and the methods employed to reduce flooding. How do people change the natural processes of stream erosion, transport, and deposition with such activities as dam building, urbanization, and deforestation?
Explain how water moves in waves. Describe longshore transport and predict the direction of longshore transport along a coast based upon the direction of the wind. Describe the depositional features that form as a result of longshore transport. Compare and contrast the characteristics of Pacific and Atlantic coastal landforms. Identify such coastal features as: barrier islands, sandspits, baymouth bars, marine terraces, caves, stacks, wave-cut abrasion platforms, cliffs, beaches, and lagoons. Distinguish between features formed by deposition and features formed by erosion. Examine the impact of groins, seawalls, and jetties on coastal processes.
What percentage of the land surface is classified as desert? How and why do desert landforms differ fom landforms in humid regions? How do streams differ in deserts from streams in humid regions? How do the desert landforms of the Great Basin differ from those in the horizontal sedimentary rock of the Colorado Plateau?
What are the two ways in which wind erodes the landscape?
Explain how glacier ice forms. Describe the gacier budget and how glaciers advance and recede. Cite the extent of glaciation today and during the ice age in North America and the world. Describe the processes of glacial erosion, transport, and deposition particularly in alpine valley glaciers. Be able to explain the formation of such features as cirques, horns, aretes, hanging valleys, and moraines.
Modified True-False and Short Answer Questions
Questions will be selected from the following topics:
Impact of floods, urbanization, and dam building upon streams, rates of weathering in different climates, changing sea level, differences in coastal landscapes in the United States, hazardous forms of mass wasting, and human activities that affect coastal processes.
Final Score and Course Grade:
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Physical Geography Lecture Course Content and Learning Modules
This Geography Site Is Maintained By Patricia A. Kulda Last Update August 5, 2015