Peralta Colleges, Physical Geography
Rita D. Haberlin, Instructor

AIR MASSES AND STORMS STUDY QUESTIONS
 
  1. What is an air mass?
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  3. Where do tropical maritime air masses that affect weather in Eastern United States originate?
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  5. Where do continental polar air masses that affect weather in the Eastern United States originate?
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  7. Why is it that continental polar air can reach as far south as Florida?
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  9. What pressure conditions (high or low) are associated with a continental polar air mass?
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  11. How can you tell from the surface weather map the presence of an entirely different air mass?
  12.  

  1. What is a front?
  2.  

  3. What is a stationary front?  How is it shown on a weather map?
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  5. What is a cold front?  How is it shown on a weather map?
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  7. Summarize the weather changes as a cold front passes through:
  Before the Front  During the Front After the Front
Winds       
Temperature       
Pressure       
Clouds and Precipitation       
  1. Why does precipitation form along and in front of a cold front?
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  3. What type of precipitation forms along a cold front?
  4.  

  1. What is a warm front?  How is it shown on a weather map?
  2.  

  3. Summarize the weather changes as a warm front passes through:
  Before the Front  During the Front After the Front
Winds       
Temperature       
Pressure       
Clouds and Precipitation       
  1. How would you recognize a warm front from the information on a weather map?
  2.  

  3. Why is precipitation so widespread ahead of a warm front?
  4.  

  5. How far in advance of a warm front do clouds form?
  6.  

  1. What is an occluded front?  How is it shown on a weather map?
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  3. What kinds of weather changes occur along an occluded front?
  4.  

  1. Define a cyclone.
  2.  

  3. How do winds circulate around a cyclone in the Northern hemisphere?
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  5. What are the key signatures (trade marks) of a midlatitude cyclone?
  1. What is a tornado?
  2.  

  3. What causes tornadoes?
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  5. What kind of cloud is associated with a tornado?
  6.  

  7. What kind of wind speed can occur in tornadoes?
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  9. What is their direction of travel over the United States?
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  11. Which season or seasons has the greatest number of tornadoes?
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  13. What specific hazards are associated with a tornado?
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  15. What scale is used to classify tornado intensity?
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  17. Where do hurricanes develop?
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  19. What wind speed is used to classify a tropical storm as a hurricane?
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  21. What are the specific hazards associated with tropical storms?
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  23. Why do hurricanes die out as they move over land?
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  25. What is the eye of a hurricane?
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  27. What scale is used to classify hurricane intensity?
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