There is no such thing as a family coat of arms. An Armorial Achievement belongs to an individual [or corporate entity] and is inheritable property just as a piece of furniture might be. The Heraldic authorities have absolute control over who may use a coat of arms at any time, anywhere in the world. Here are some examples of actual Hutchinson coats of arms. Please respect the authority and body of law these images and descriptions represent.
Barnard Hutchinson of Cowlam, York, England is believed to have been alive in 1282. He is described as "Esquire" or "Armiger" and living in the parish of Cowlam in the East Riding of Yorkshire on an estate given to him by the King for services to the State. Colonel Chester ascribed the following Arms to Barnard Hutchinson in his Genealogy of the Hutchinsons of Salem. Blazon: Per pale gules and azure, semée of cross-crosslets or, a lion rampant argent. Crest - Out of a ducal coronet or, a cockatrice with wings endorsed azure, beaked, combed and wattled gules. Motto - Fortiter gerit Crucem. [He bravely supports the cross.]
Governor Thomas Hutchinson of Massachusetts Bay Colony
(Hutchinson of Lincoln) - The arms used by Governor Thomas Hutchinson on
his seal, on his silver, and on his Will are described as being “of
Lincolnshire.” Peter Orlando Hutchinson, editor of the Governor’s Diary and Letters, includes a colored rendition on vellum in
his family’s possession since before 1800. The picture is described underneath:
“He Beareth parted per Gules and Azure, A Lyon Rampant Argent, Armed and Langued
or, ye field Charged with Cross Crosslets of ye 4th for ye Crest a Cockatrice
azure, [indecipherable] and Armed Gules, Esprung out of a Ducall Crown or; tis
Bourne by the name of Hutchinson of Lincolnshire.”
Unfortunately, the Governor was not entitled to use those arms. In 1634 during the Visitation of Lincolnshire, Thomas Hutchinson [grandson of William Hutchinson, who was the brother of John, Lord Mayor of Lincoln Hutchinson], presented his pedigree to the heralds and claimed the arms of the Hutchinsons of Yorkshire, but failed to establish his right to their use. The pedigree he presented is in the files but marked “Respited for Proof.” The requested proof was never furnished nor have the arms ever been granted or confirmed to any member of the family in this line. As this Thomas Hutchinson was born before the death of Edward Hutchinson of Wykeham Abbey, to whom the arms had been of right confirmed in 1581, there could have been no difficulty in establishing a connection, if any had existed. NEHGR, Vol. 20, p. 367.
Col. Elisha Hutchinson, Esq., of Boston, Suffolk Co., MA -
Elisha was the son of Edward and Catherine Hamby. His arms appear in The Gore
Roll of Arms. Blazon: Per pale gules and argent, a lion rampant argent, between
eight cross crosslets or. Crest - Out of a ducal coronet or, a cockatrice vert,
combed gules. [Heraldic Journal, p. 126]
It is interesting to note that this blazon is identical to that of his second cousin, William, s. of Eliakim and Sarah Shrimpton. (They had the same great-grandparents, Edward and Susanna Hutchinson.) Usually an undifferenced coat of arms is passed from father to eldest surviving son, not laterally.
Another point of curiosity is that there may have been an error made in the Gore Roll of Arms. The blazon for Col. Elisha indicates a difference in the background color. It may be that someone read an abbreviation for blue - azure, abbreviated “az” - as silver - argent, abbreviated “ar” - and the error has gone uncorrected in the books. It is certain that his grandson, Governor Thomas Hutchinson, used the red/blue version.
Eliakim Hutchinson, Esq., of Boston, Suffolk Co., MA - Eliakim was the son of Richard, Ironmonger and his wife, Mary Waters. The Gore Roll of Arms describe his arms as the same as for Col. Elisha, but with a label applied. Blazon: Per pale gules and argent, a lion rampant argent, between eight cross crosslets or, a label of three points, argent, over all. Crest - Out of a ducal coronet or, a cockatrice vert, combed gules. [Heraldic Journal, p. 126]
The white bar across the front of the arms is called a label. It usually designates an heraldic heir. Because no two men may bear the same arms at the same time, the label is used during the lifetime of the actual owner of the arms. When the elder dies, the heir discards the label and uses the plain coat.
Edward Hutchinson of Wyckham, York, England - "On
the 4th of June 1581, according to the record at the Herald’s College, there was
a confirmation of Arms to ‘Edward Hochinson, of Wyckham in the countie of York,
Esquire, sone and heire of Richard Hochinson.’ This sufficiently establishes the
parentage of Edward Hutchinson, whose father was, I suspect, the Richard
Hutchinson, son of Anthony...whom St. George supposes to have gone to Ireland.”
[Hutchinsons of Salem, Chester, p. 239]
A confirmation of Arms is used when the person requesting Arms is descended from a person who had Arms. The requestor must prove he is descended from the Armigerous ancestor. If someone else has the use of the old Arms, the College will difference the Arms and issue the new design to the requestor. [See the Scottish examples below.]
Thomas Hutchinson of Owthorpe, England - Thomas Hutchinson, fifth in descent from Thomas Hutchinson, of Owthorpe, established during the Visitation of Nottighamshire in 1614. Blazon: Per pale gules and azure, semée of cross-crosslets or, a lion rampant guardant argent. Crest - A cockatrice combed and legged or. [General Armory, p. 523]
Hutchinson of Bury, England - The Letters Patent granting Armorial bearings to Thomas Hutchinson (1774-1841) were issued on 4th January 1819 and bear the seals of the College of Arms. The original was in the possession of William Broadbent Hutchinson, great-great-grandson of Thomas. The Letters Patent includes the words “the Armorial Bearings long borne by his [Thomas’s] family have not been duly registered.” This form of words is used in many cases, according to the College of Arms, when a person using a Coat of Arms is unable to prove his entitlement.
In order to authorize the future use of a Coat of Arms, Thomas sought approval from the College of Arms. After their investigations were completed they issued the Letters Patent to Thomas with the blazon defining the coat of arms. From Hutchinson Family History, used with permission.
Hutchinson of Dublin, Ireland - Granted by St. George, Ulster, 1676, to Daniel Hutchinson, Alderman of Dublin. Blazon: Azure, semée of cross-crosslets or, a lion rampant argent, on a chief of the last, three trefoils slipped vert. Crest - A demi lion rampant azure charged on the shoulder with a trefoil slipped or. [General Armory, p. 523]
Hutchinson, Bishopwearmouth, Durham, England - Descended of the Hutchinsons of county Cumberland, about the time of Charles I. Blazon: Per pale gules and azure, a lion rampant argent, between eight cross-crosslets or. Crest - A cockatrice, wings expanded azure, combed, wattled and membered or. Another Crest - A demi lion rampant. Motto - Cunctanter tamen fortiter. [General Armory, p. 523]
The man who gets credit for settling New Hampshire, Edward Hilton, comes from this same area of Durham, England. It is known that he brought 60-70 people with him (in 1632 et seq.), but their names are not listed. Perhaps some of them were Hutchinsons.
Hutchinson of Whitton, Durham, England - Blazon: Per pale gules and azure, semée of cross-crosslets or, a lion rampant or. Motto - Nihil humani alienum. [Nothing human is foreign to me.] [General Armory, p. 523]
Hutchinson of Lincoln, England, - (Borne [in 1884] by Bingham Hutchinson, Esq., descendant of William Hutchinson, who emigrated in 1633, from the neighborhood of Boston, Lincoln county, England and became one of the founders of Boston in America, where the family continued, holding offices of trust and importance until the American Revolution in 1776, when the great grandfather of the present Bingham Hutchinson, being Governor of Massachusetts lost, through his fidelity to the crown, all his estates in America, and the family returned to England.) Blazon: Per pale gules and azure, semée of crosses crosslet or, a lion rampant argent armed and langued of the third. Crest - A cockatrice azure crested, jelloped, and armed gules, issuing out of a ducal crown or. [General Armory, p. 524]
Hutchinson, Skirsgill and Crossfield House, Cumberland, England (and afterwards of Newbiggin Hall and Appleby, Westmoreland, England) - Blazon: Per pale gules and azure, crusily or, a lion rampant argent, and a canton ermine. Crest - Out of a ducal coronet or, a cockatrice, wings endorsed azure, beaked, combed, and wattled gules. [General Armory, p. 523]
Hely-Hutchinson, Earl of Donoughmore - Blazon: Quarterly, 1st and 4th, per pale gules and azure, a lion rampant between eight cross-crosslets argent, for Hutchison; 2nd, azure, a fesse between three stag’s heads erased in chief argent and a demi lion rampant in base or, for Hely; 3rd, azure, a garb or, between three wolves’ heads erased argent, for Nixon. Crest - Out of a ducal coronet or, a demi cockatrice, wings elevated azure. Supporters - Two cockatrices, wings elevated or, collared sable, combed and wattled gules, and each charged on the breast with a wreath of laurel vert. Motto - Fortiter gerit crucem. [General Armory, p. 523]
Synge-Hutchinson of Castle Sallah, Wicklow, England, bart. - Blazon: Quarterly, 1st and 4th, per pale azure and gules, a lion rampant ermine, between nine cross-crosslets or; 2nd and 3rd, quarterly, 1st and 4th, azure, three millstones argent, 2nd and 3rd, argent, an eagle displayed with two heads sable. Crests - 1st: A cockatrice issuing out of a ducal coronet all proper; 2nd: An eagle’s talon issuing from a ducal coronet all proper. Mottoes - Non sibi, sed toti, for Hutchinson; Coelestia canimus, for Synge. [General Armory, p. 523]
Lt.-Gen. Sir William Hutchinson - Blazon: Per pale azure and gules, semée of cross-crosslets or, a lion rampant argent, on a canton of the fourth a mural coronet of the second. Crest - On a mural coronet or, a cockatrice argent, combed and wattled gules gorged with a wreath of laurel or. [General Armory, p. 524]
Hutchison (Rockend, co. Dumbarton, Scotland, 1856) - Blazon: Argent, a fess azure, surmounted of three arrows, points downwards, meeting in base countercharged, in chief a boar’s head erased sable, in base two escallops ermine. Crest - A stag’s head erased gules, attired or. Motto - Memor esto. [General Armory, p. 524]
Hutchison (Carlowie, co. Linlithgow, Scotland, 1870) - Blazon: Argent, three arrows, points downwards, meeting in base proper, surmounted of a fess azure, charged with a fox courant also proper. Crest - A stag’s head erased proper, collared or. Motto - Scientiae laborisque memor. [General Armory, p. 524; Ordinary of Arms, No. 58, p. 6]
James Thomas Hutchison, merchant, of Leith, Scotland - Recorded in 1871. Blazon: Argent, three arrows, points downwards, meeting in base proper, surmounted of a fess azure, charged with a fox courant also proper, a bordure of the second. [Ordinary of Arms, No. 59, p. 6]
Alexander William Hutchison, merchant, of Leith, Scotland - Recorded in 1882. Blazon: Argent, three arrows, points downwards, meeting in base proper, surmounted of a fess azure, charged with a fox courant also proper, within a bordure sable. (Same as above, but with a black border.) [Ordinary of Arms, No. 58, p. 6]
Burke’s General Armory, Vol. I, pp. 523-524
Hutchinson, P.O., Diary and Letters of Thomas Hutchinson, pp. 453-455.
Paul, Sir James Balfour, An Ordinary of Arms, p. 6.
Massachusetss Heraldica, by Beatrice Kenyon, p. 17.
The Heraldic Journal, Vol. I, pp. 126, 127, 133 [includes the Gore Roll of Arms].
Links to Heraldry Sites
The author is based in Dallas, Texas; has over thirty years of
experience in genealogical research; and is a member of the U.S. Internet Genealogical Society and
the Dallas Genealogical
Special thanks to Roy Hutchinson for the images he has kindly allowed me to use here!