Range Safety Preparation

The NRA Range
Fairfax, VA
Blue Ridge Arsenal
Chantilly, VA
Silver Eagle Range
Ashburn, VA


| Fundamentals of Shooting |


icon Three NRA Fundamental Gun Safety Rules

(1) ALWAYS keep the gun pointed in a safe direction.
This is the primary rule of gun safety. A safe direction means that the gun is pointed so that even if it were to go off it would not cause injury or damage. The key to this rule is to control where the muzzle or front end of the barrel is pointed at all times. Common sense dictates the safest direction, depending on different circumstances.

(2) ALWAYS keep your finger off the trigger until ready to shoot.
When holding a gun, rest your finger on the trigger guard or along the side of the gun. Until you are actually ready to fire, do not touch the trigger.

(3) ALWAYS keep the gun unloaded until ready to use.
Whenever you pick up a gun, immediately engage the safety device if possible, and, if the gun has a magazine, remove it before opening the action and looking into the chamber(s) which should be clear of ammunition. If you do not know how to open the action or inspect the chamber(s), leave the gun alone and get help from someone who does.

icon General Gun Rules

  • Be sure the gun is safe to operate and know how to use it safely.
  • Use only the correct ammunition in your firearm.
  • The safety on a firearm is a mechanical device that can fail.
  • Always know your target and what is beyond it.
  • When aiming, be sure to focus on the front sight so that it appears crisp and clear.
  • Targets must be at eye-level of the shooter.
  • Always wear eye and ear protection when on the range.
  • Never use alcohol or drugs before or while shooting.
  • Wait at least 30 seconds in the event of a misfire while keeping the firearm pointed downrange.
  • Be conscious to keep your guns away from unauthorized people.
  • Food and beverages should not present on the range.
  • Anyone who observes unsafe behavior on a range may call a “cease fire”.
  • When you are done shooting, be sure to always wash your hands and face.

Sight Alignment



Sight Picture


Basic Parts of a Handgun



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