12th Georgia Rock Ledge

From Carman Manuscript....

In the formation of Trimble's Brigade the 12th Georgia, about 100 men, was on the north side of the Smoketown road, its right resting on the road, 20 yards east of the lane running to the Mumma house. In this position it fired at the 2nd Pennsylvania Reserves and the skirmishers of the 1st and 6th. Upon the falling back of the Pennsylvanians and the advance of the 105th and 104th New York, south of the corn, it wheeled to the left and took position behind a rock ledge parallel to the Smoketown road and 100 yards from it, and from this covered position delivered such an accurate fire upon the two regiments that they became much shaken and fell back. Colonel Walker, observing the effect of this cool and deliberate fire, now ordered the 21st Georgia and the 21st North Carolina to wheel to the left, cross the Smoketown road, and, taking shelter under the same low rock-ledge and the swelling ground on either side of it, open fire on the left of Duryea's line with the view of it. The movement was promptly executed and after a few rounds Duryea's left yielded some ground.

Observing that General Hays' Louisiana brigade had now come on the field to the support of Lawton and that, apparently, it was going forward to join in the fight, Walker ordered his own line to advance, which it did, a short distance, when, seeing that Hays did not advance with him and that Lawton's right had yielded some ground, thus leaving his own left exposed, and that his men could not advance farther with safety, he fell back to his original position. In this last advance Walker noticed that the 12th Georgia did not go forward with the other regiments, less than a score responding to the order, while the others were seen lying down behind the rock-ledge. Surprised at the conduct of this tried and veteran regiment he hastened to it and found that every man had gone forward, who could do so. Those remaining were dead or wounded. Out of 100 men carried into action 59 were killed or wounded; among the killed was Captain James G. Rodgers, commanding the regiment.

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