GRADE 8

BIG IDEA 1: The Practice of Science

A: Scientific inquiry is a multifaceted activity; The processes of science include the formulation of scientifically investigable questions, construction of investigations into those questions, the collection of appropriate data, the evaluation of the meaning of those data, and the communication of this evaluation.

B: The processes of science frequently do not correspond to the traditional portrayal of "the scientific method."

C: Scientific argumentation is a necessary part of scientific inquiry and plays an important role in the generation and validation of scientific knowledge.

D: Scientific knowledge is based on observation and inference; it is important to recognize that these are very different things. Not only does science require creativity in its methods and processes, but also in its questions and explanations.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

SC.8.N.1.1

Define a problem from the eighth grade curriculum using appropriate reference materials to support scientific understanding, plan and carry out scientific investigations of various types, such as systematic observations or experiments, identify variables, collect and organize data, interpret data in charts, tables, and graphics, analyze information, make predictions, and defend conclusions.

SC.8.N.1.2

Design and conduct a study using repeated trials and replication.

SC.8.N.1.3

Use phrases such as "results support" or "fail to support" in science, understanding that science does not offer conclusive 'proof' of a knowledge claim.

SC.8.N.1.4

Explain how hypotheses are valuable if they lead to further investigations, even if they turn out not to be supported by the data.

SC.8.N.1.5

Analyze the methods used to develop a scientific explanation as seen in different fields of science.

SC.8.N.1.6

Understand that scientific investigations involve the collection of relevant empirical evidence, the use of logical reasoning, and the application of imagination in devising hypotheses, predictions, explanations and models to make sense of the collected evidence.

Access Points for Students with Significant Cognitive Disabilities

Independent:

Supported:

Participatory:  

SC.8.N.1.In.a Identify a problem from the eighth grade curriculum, use reference materials to gather information, carry out an experiment, collect and record data, and report results.

SC.8.N.1.In.b Identify a possible explanation (hypothesis) for a science problem.

SC.8.N.1.In.c Identify methods used in different areas of science, such as life science, earth and space science, and physical science.

SC.8.N.1.In.d Identify that the process used in scientific investigations involves asking a research question, forming a hypothesis, reviewing what is already known, collecting evidence through observations or experiments, determining results, and reaching conclusions.

SC.8.N.1.Su.a Recognize a problem from the eighth grade curriculum, use materials to gather information, conduct a simple experiment, and record and share results.

SC.8.N.1.Su.b Recognize a possible explanation (hypothesis) for a science problem.

SC.8.N.1.Su.c Recognize methods used in different areas of science, such as life science, earth and space science, and physical science.

SC.8.N.1.Su.d Recognize that the basic process used in scientific investigations involves questioning, observing, and recording and sharing results.

SC.8.N.1.Pa.a Recognize a problem related to the eighth grade curriculum, observe and explore objects and activities, and recognize a solution.

SC.8.N.1.Pa.b Recognize science as a way to solve problems about the natural world.

 

 

 

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