MATHEMATICS AND PROPHECY

There are over a hundred prophecies concerning Jesus in the Old Testament, but to make our study more easily evaluated, only 25 are going to be examined. What were the possibilities of making 25 statements about someone who was to be born years later and having these statements verified?

Dr. Hawley O. Taylor has provided this answer: "Regarding these n cases of events foretold for Israel's Messiah who was to come, If the chances of success were even in the case of each one, that is p (probability) equals h in every case, then the overall probability that all n events would find their fulfillment in one Person would be p equals (1/2). Thus there would be but one chance in 2 (33 million, where n equals 25) of all these foretold events coming true if they were mere guesses. Now a glance at these prophecies concerning Christ reveals that they do not all have an even chance of success, for in some instances it is highly improbable that the event could occur at all ( as for a child to be born without a human father). A very conservative compromise would be p equal 1/5; and the overall probability for the n prophecies coming true would be pn equals (1/5) or one chance out of a thousand trillion if n equals 25. (Modern Science and Christian Faith, p. 178.) Even if the prophecy regarding the virgin birth be excluded, the number remains astronomically large. Too large to assume that this accidentally happened!

Twenty-five prophecies concerning Christ and their fulfillment, from Modern Science and Christian Faith, pp. 179-183.

 Prophecy Where Prophesied Where Fulfilled 1. Of the tribe of Judah. Gen. 49:10 Luke 3:23-33 2. Of the Royal line of David Jer. 23:5 Matt. 1:1 3. Born of a virgin Isa. 7:14 Matt. 1:18 4. Born in Bethlehem Micah 5:2 Matt. 2:1,2 5. A forerunner shall prepare the way Mal. 3:l Mark 1:6,7 6. He shall enter Jerusalem riding upon an ass Zech. 9:9 Matt. 21:6.7 7. He shall be betrayed by a disciple Zech. 13:6 Matt. 26:49,50 8. Betrayal price stated Zech. 11:1,2 Matt. 26:14,15 9. Betrayal money to be returned Zech. 11:13 Matt. 27:5,7 10. His disciples shall forsake him Zech. 13:7 Matt. 26:56 11. False witnesses shall accuse him Psa. 35:11 Matt. 26:59,60 12. He shall suffer, abuse Isa. 50:6 Matt. 26:67 13. He shall suffer in silence Isa. 53:7 Matt. 27:12-14 14. He shall be whipped Isa. 53:5 Matt. 27:26,29 15. Hands and feet pierced Psa. 22:16 Luke 23:33 16. Numbered with criminals Isa. 53:12 Mark 15:27 17. To divide garments Psa. 22:18 John 19:23,24 18. Gall and vinegar to be offered Psa. 69:21 John 19:28,29 19. No bones to be broken Psa. 34:20 John 19:33 20 He shall be pierced Zech. 12:10 John 19:34 21. The crowds shall rebuke him Psa. 109:29 Matt. 27:39 22. Darkness in daytime to signal crucifixion Amos 8:9 Matt. 27:45 23. To be buried with the rich Isa. 53:9 Matt. 27:57-60 24. To arise from the dead Psa. 16:10 Matt. 28:6 25. To ascend Psa. 68:18a Luke 24:51

The following is a list of prophecies concerning Christ from Hermeneutics by

D. R. Duncan. Cincinnati, n.d. pp. 395-99.

 PROPHECY Where prophesied Where fulfilled 1. He was to be the seed of the woman Gen. 3:15; 4:2 Matt.1:18 2. He would be the Son of God Psa. 2:7 Luke 1:32-35 3. He would overcome the serpent Gen.3:15 Heb. 2:14 4. The seed of Abraham Gen.12:1-3; 17:7; 22:18 Gal. 3:16 5. The seed of Isaac Gen. 21:12 Heb. 11:18 6. The seed of Judah Gen. 49:10 Heb. 7:14 7. The seed of David Psa. 132:11; Jer. 23:5 Acts 13:23; Rom. 1:3 8. The time of His coming and death Dan. 9:24-27 Luke 2:1 9. Born of a virgin Isa. 7:14 Matt. 1:18; Luke 2:7 10. He was called Immanuel Isa. 7:14 Matt. 1:22-23 11. Born in Bethlehem of Judea Mic. 5:2 Matt. 2:1; Luke 2:4-6 12. Great men shall come and bow down to Him Psa. 72:10-15 Matt. 2:1-11 13. Children slaughtered, that He might be killed Jer. 31:15 Matt. 2:16-18 14. Introduced by John the Baptist Isa. 40:3; Mal. 3:1 Matt. 3:1-3; Luke 1:17 15. Was anointed by the Holy Spirit Psa. 45:7; Isa. 11:2; 41:1 Matt. 3:16-17; John 3:34 Acts 10:38 16. He was a prophet like unto Moses Deut.18:15-18 Acts 3:20-22 17. He was sent as a deliverer to the people Isa. 41:1-3 Luke 4:16-21; Luke 4:43 18. He is the light to Zebulun and Naphtali Isa. 9:1-3 Matt. 4:12-16 19. He comes to the temple and cleanses it Hag. 2:7-9; Mal. 3:1 Luke 19:45; John 2:13-16 20. His poverty Isa. 53:2 Mark 6:3; Luke 9:58 21. He was meek and with ostentation Isa. 42:1-2 Phil. 2:7-9 22. His compassion Isa. 40:11; 42:3 Matt. 12:15-20; Heb. 4:15 23. Was without guile Isa. 53:9 1. Pet. 2:22 24. Great zeal for the house of God Psa. 69:9 John 2:17 25. He taught by the use of parables Psa. 78:2 Matt. 13:34-35 26. He wrought miracles Isa. 35:5-6 Luke 7:18-23 27. Rejected by His brethren Psa. 69:8; Isa. 53:3 John 1:11; John 7:5 28. Hated by the Jews Psa. 59:4; Isa. 49:7 John 15:24-25 29. Rejected by their rulers Psa. 118:22 John 7:48; Matt. 21:42 30. A stone of stumbling and rock of offense Isa. 8:14 Rom. 9:32; 1 Pet. 2:8 31. Betrayed by a friend Psa. 41:9; 55:12-14 John 13:18-21 32. Forsaken by His disciples Zech. 13:7 Matt. 26:31-56 33. Was sold for thirty pieces of silver Zech. 11:12 Matt. 26:15 34. This money was given to buy the potter's field Zech. 11:13 Matt.27:7 35. He was patient and silent in all His sufferings Isa. 53:7 Matt.26:63; 27:12-14 36. Smitten on the cheek Mic. 5:1 Matt. 27:30 37. His sufferings were intense Psa, 22:14-15 Luke 22:42-44 38. Was scourged and spit upon Psa. 35:15; Isa. 1:6 Mark 14:65; John 19:1 39. His visage was greatly marred Isa. 52:14; 53:3 John 19:1-5 40. He suffered that He might bear away our sins Isa. 53:4; Dan. 9:26 Matt. 20:28; 26:28 41. The rulers, Jews and Gentiles, combine against Him to put Him to death Psa. 2:1-4 Luke 23:12; Acts 4:27-28 42. He was extended upon the cross and His hands and His feet were nailed to the wood Isa. 25:10-11; Psa. 22:16 John 19:18; 20-25 43 This agony was increased by being numbered among thieves Isa. 53:12 Mark 15:28 44. They gave Him gall and vinegar Psa. 69:21 Matt. 27:39-44 45. He was cruelly mocked Psa. 22:7-8; 35:15-21 Matt. 27:39-44 46. He suffered alone; even the Father's presence was withdrawn Isa. 63:1-3; Psa. 22:1 Matt. 27:46 47. They parted His garments among them and cast lots for His vesture Psa. 22:18 Matt. 27:35 48. He thus became a curse for us, bore our reproach Psa. 22:6; 79:7; 9:20 Rom. 15:3; Heb. 13:13; Gal. 3:13 49. He made intercession for the murderers Isa. 53:12 Luke 23:24 50. After His death they pierced Him Zech. 12:10 John 19:34-37 51. But did not break a bone of His body Ex. 12:46; Psa. 34:20 John 19:33-36 52. He was buried with the rich Isa. 53:9 Matt. 27:57-60 53. His flesh did not see corruption Psa. 16:8-10 Acts 2:31 54. He rose from death the third day, according to the Scriptures Psa. 16:8-10 Luke 24:6; 24:31; 24:34 55. He ascended into the heavens Psa. 68:18; 24:7-9 Luke 24:51; Acts 1:9 56. He became a priest after the order of Melchizedek, who was king and priest at the same time Psa. 110:4; Zech. 6:12-13 Heb. 5:5-6 57. He received for Himself a kingdom that embraces the whole world Psa. 2:6; Dan. 2:44; 7:13-14; Luke 1:32; John 18:33-37 Matt. 28:18-19; Phil. 2:9-10 58. His law went forth from Zion and His word from Jerusalem Isa. 2:1-3; Mic. 4:12; Luke 24:46-49; Acts 2:1-40 59. The Gentiles should be admitted into His service Isa. 11:10; 42:1; Psa. 2:8 John 10:16; Acts 10:44-48 Rom. 15:9-12 60. The righteousness of His reign Isa. 9:6-7; Psa. 45:6-7 John 5:30; Rev. 19:11

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