MATHEMATICS AND PROPHECY

There are over a hundred prophecies concerning Jesus in the Old Testament, but to make our study more easily evaluated, only 25 are going to be examined. What were the possibilities of making 25 statements about someone who was to be born years later and having these statements verified?

Dr. Hawley O. Taylor has provided this answer: "Regarding these n cases of events foretold for Israel's Messiah who was to come, If the chances of success were even in the case of each one, that is p (probability) equals h in every case, then the overall probability that all n events would find their fulfillment in one Person would be p equals (1/2). Thus there would be but one chance in 2 (33 million, where n equals 25) of all these foretold events coming true if they were mere guesses. Now a glance at these prophecies concerning Christ reveals that they do not all have an even chance of success, for in some instances it is highly improbable that the event could occur at all ( as for a child to be born without a human father). A very conservative compromise would be p equal 1/5; and the overall probability for the n prophecies coming true would be pn equals (1/5) or one chance out of a thousand trillion if n equals 25. (Modern Science and Christian Faith, p. 178.) Even if the prophecy regarding the virgin birth be excluded, the number remains astronomically large. Too large to assume that this accidentally happened!

Twenty-five prophecies concerning Christ and their fulfillment, from Modern Science and Christian Faith, pp. 179-183.

 

Prophecy

Where Prophesied

Where Fulfilled

1.

Of the tribe of Judah.

Gen. 49:10

Luke 3:23-33

2.

Of the Royal line of David

Jer. 23:5

Matt. 1:1

3.

Born of a virgin

Isa. 7:14

Matt. 1:18

4.

Born in Bethlehem

Micah 5:2

Matt. 2:1,2

5.

A forerunner shall prepare the way

Mal. 3:l

Mark 1:6,7

6.

He shall enter Jerusalem riding upon an ass

Zech. 9:9

Matt. 21:6.7

7.

He shall be betrayed by a disciple

Zech. 13:6

Matt. 26:49,50

8.

Betrayal price stated

Zech. 11:1,2

Matt. 26:14,15

9.

Betrayal money to be returned

Zech. 11:13

Matt. 27:5,7

10.

His disciples shall forsake him

Zech. 13:7

Matt. 26:56

11.

False witnesses shall accuse him

Psa. 35:11

Matt. 26:59,60

12.

He shall suffer, abuse

Isa. 50:6

Matt. 26:67

13.

He shall suffer in silence

Isa. 53:7

Matt. 27:12-14

14.

He shall be whipped

Isa. 53:5

Matt. 27:26,29

15.

Hands and feet pierced

Psa. 22:16

Luke 23:33

16.

Numbered with criminals

Isa. 53:12

Mark 15:27

17.

To divide garments

Psa. 22:18

John 19:23,24

18.

Gall and vinegar to be offered

Psa. 69:21

John 19:28,29

19.

No bones to be broken

Psa. 34:20

John 19:33

20

He shall be pierced

Zech. 12:10

John 19:34

21.

The crowds shall rebuke him

Psa. 109:29

Matt. 27:39

22.

Darkness in daytime to signal crucifixion

Amos 8:9

Matt. 27:45

23.

To be buried with the rich

Isa. 53:9

Matt. 27:57-60

24.

To arise from the dead

Psa. 16:10

Matt. 28:6

25.

To ascend

Psa. 68:18a

Luke 24:51

 

The following is a list of prophecies concerning Christ from Hermeneutics by

D. R. Duncan. Cincinnati, n.d. pp. 395-99.

 

PROPHECY

Where prophesied

Where fulfilled

1.

He was to be the seed of the woman

Gen. 3:15; 4:2

Matt.1:18

2.

He would be the Son of God

Psa. 2:7

Luke 1:32-35

3.

He would overcome the serpent

Gen.3:15

Heb. 2:14

4.

The seed of Abraham

Gen.12:1-3; 17:7; 22:18

Gal. 3:16

5.

The seed of Isaac

Gen. 21:12

Heb. 11:18

6.

The seed of Judah

Gen. 49:10

Heb. 7:14

7.

The seed of David

Psa. 132:11; Jer. 23:5

Acts 13:23; Rom. 1:3

8.

The time of His coming and death

Dan. 9:24-27

Luke 2:1

9.

Born of a virgin

Isa. 7:14

Matt. 1:18; Luke 2:7

10.

He was called Immanuel

Isa. 7:14

Matt. 1:22-23

11.

Born in Bethlehem of Judea

Mic. 5:2

Matt. 2:1; Luke 2:4-6

12.

Great men shall come and bow down to Him

Psa. 72:10-15

Matt. 2:1-11

13.

Children slaughtered, that He might be killed

Jer. 31:15

Matt. 2:16-18

14.

Introduced by John the Baptist

Isa. 40:3; Mal. 3:1

Matt. 3:1-3; Luke 1:17

15.

Was anointed by the Holy Spirit

Psa. 45:7;

Isa. 11:2; 41:1

Matt. 3:16-17; John 3:34 Acts 10:38

16.

He was a prophet like unto Moses

Deut.18:15-18

Acts 3:20-22

17.

He was sent as a deliverer to the people

Isa. 41:1-3

Luke 4:16-21; Luke 4:43

18.

He is the light to Zebulun and Naphtali

Isa. 9:1-3

Matt. 4:12-16

19.

He comes to the temple and cleanses it

Hag. 2:7-9; Mal. 3:1

Luke 19:45; John 2:13-16

20.

His poverty

Isa. 53:2

Mark 6:3; Luke 9:58

21.

He was meek and with ostentation

Isa. 42:1-2

Phil. 2:7-9

22.

His compassion

Isa. 40:11; 42:3

Matt. 12:15-20; Heb. 4:15

23.

Was without guile

Isa. 53:9

1. Pet. 2:22

24.

Great zeal for the house of God

Psa. 69:9

John 2:17

25.

He taught by the use of parables

Psa. 78:2

Matt. 13:34-35

26.

He wrought miracles

Isa. 35:5-6

Luke 7:18-23

27.

Rejected by His brethren

Psa. 69:8; Isa. 53:3

John 1:11; John 7:5

28.

Hated by the Jews

Psa. 59:4; Isa. 49:7

John 15:24-25

29.

Rejected by their rulers

Psa. 118:22

John 7:48; Matt. 21:42

30.

A stone of stumbling and rock of offense

Isa. 8:14

Rom. 9:32; 1 Pet. 2:8

31.

Betrayed by a friend

Psa. 41:9; 55:12-14

John 13:18-21

32.

Forsaken by His disciples

Zech. 13:7

Matt. 26:31-56

33.

Was sold for thirty pieces of silver

Zech. 11:12

Matt. 26:15

34.

This money was given to buy the potter's field

Zech. 11:13

Matt.27:7

35.

He was patient and silent in all His sufferings

Isa. 53:7

Matt.26:63; 27:12-14

36.

Smitten on the cheek

Mic. 5:1

Matt. 27:30

37.

His sufferings were intense

Psa, 22:14-15

Luke 22:42-44

38.

Was scourged and spit upon

Psa. 35:15; Isa. 1:6

Mark 14:65; John 19:1

39.

His visage was greatly marred

Isa. 52:14; 53:3

John 19:1-5

40.

He suffered that He might bear away our sins

Isa. 53:4; Dan. 9:26

Matt. 20:28; 26:28

41.

The rulers, Jews and Gentiles, combine against Him to put Him to death

Psa. 2:1-4

Luke 23:12; Acts 4:27-28

42.

He was extended upon the cross and His hands and His feet were nailed to the wood

Isa. 25:10-11;

Psa. 22:16

John 19:18; 20-25

43

This agony was increased by being numbered among thieves

Isa. 53:12

Mark 15:28

44.

They gave Him gall and vinegar

Psa. 69:21

Matt. 27:39-44

45.

He was cruelly mocked

Psa. 22:7-8; 35:15-21

Matt. 27:39-44

46.

He suffered alone; even the Father's presence was withdrawn

Isa. 63:1-3; Psa. 22:1

Matt. 27:46

47.

They parted His garments among them and cast lots for His vesture

Psa. 22:18

Matt. 27:35

48.

He thus became a curse for us, bore our reproach

Psa. 22:6; 79:7; 9:20

Rom. 15:3; Heb. 13:13;

Gal. 3:13

49.

He made intercession for the murderers

Isa. 53:12

Luke 23:24

50.

After His death they pierced Him

Zech. 12:10

John 19:34-37

51.

But did not break a bone of His body

Ex. 12:46; Psa. 34:20

John 19:33-36

52.

He was buried with the rich

Isa. 53:9

Matt. 27:57-60

53.

His flesh did not see corruption

Psa. 16:8-10

Acts 2:31

54.

He rose from death the third day, according to the Scriptures

Psa. 16:8-10

Luke 24:6; 24:31; 24:34

55.

He ascended into the heavens

Psa. 68:18; 24:7-9

Luke 24:51; Acts 1:9

56.

He became a priest after the order of Melchizedek, who was king and priest at the same time

Psa. 110:4;

Zech. 6:12-13

Heb. 5:5-6

57.

He received for Himself a kingdom that embraces the whole world

Psa. 2:6; Dan. 2:44; 7:13-14;

Luke 1:32; John 18:33-37 Matt. 28:18-19; Phil. 2:9-10

58.

His law went forth from Zion and His word from Jerusalem

Isa. 2:1-3; Mic. 4:12;

Luke 24:46-49; Acts 2:1-40

59.

The Gentiles should be admitted into His service

Isa. 11:10; 42:1;

Psa. 2:8

John 10:16; Acts 10:44-48

Rom. 15:9-12

60.

The righteousness of His reign

Isa. 9:6-7; Psa. 45:6-7

John 5:30; Rev. 19:11

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