5th
            Minnesota Battle Flag Lemuel H. Bardwell

Name: Lemuel H. Bardwell
Company: A
Discharged for disability.
Birth
  • Date:  September 20, 1834
  • Place: New York
Mustered In
  • Date: December 19, 1861
  • Rank: Sergeant
  • Age: 27
  • Residence prior to military service: New York; Pennsylvania; Utica, Winnebago County, Wisconsin; Mantorville, Dodge County, Minnesota
  • Vocation prior to military service: Farmer
Death
  • Date: December 31, 1897
  • Place:  Minnesota
  • Burial:  Evergreen Cemetery, Mantorville, Dodge County, Minnesota (Plot B)
Mustered Out
  • Date: December 9, 1862
  • Rank: Third Sergeant
  • Age: 28
  • Residence following military service: Village of Mantorville, Dodge County, Minnesota
  • Vocation following military service: Carpenter, Painter

Lemuel H. Bardwell Biography and Civil War Narrative

Lemuel H. Bardwell was born September 20, 1834, in New York. He was the eldest son of Hiram (born January 2, 1805, in Pennsylvania) and Emma (born February 3, 1813, in New York) Bardwell. Hiram and Emma had at least eight children:
The 1850 U.S. Census shows the Hiram Bardwell family living in Utica, Winnebago County, Wisconsin. Hiram's occupation was listed as farmer. By the time of the 1860 U.S. Census, the Hiram Bardwell family had moved to and were farming in Mantorville Township, Dodge County, Minnesota. Lemuel Bardwell married a young lady named Emma, born about 1835 in Vermont.

Lemuel and his cousin, Tracy Bardwell, both enlisted in the 5th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry Regiment on Thursday, December 19, 1861. On February 4, 1862, Lemuel's younger brother Theodore also enlisted as a Private in Company A of the 5th Minnesota. As the regiment was organized,
Lemuel was named 3rd Sergeant of Company A.

On May 24, 1862, Companies A, E, F, G, H, I, and K of the 5th Minnesota Volunteers reported to General John Pope near Corinth, Mississippi. Companies B, C, and D remained in Minnesota to serve garrison duty at Forts Ridgely, Ripley, and Abercrombie. Sergeant Bardwell's Company A and the rest of the 5th Minnesota troops in the south were attached to the Second Brigade (Plummer), Second Division (Stanley) of the Right Wing (Rosecrans), Army of Mississippi. They were immediately put into action with the Siege of Corinth (May 26-30), where they engaged in fighting at Farmington, Mississippi on May 28.

Following the Battle of Farmington, Sergeant Lemuel Bardwell and his comrades were sent on "a succession of forced marches in an effort to outstrip and outflank a column of retreating rebels who had evacuated Corinth. The participants in that campaign will ever retain a vivid recollection of those terrible marches under the scorching rays of that Mississippi sun." (
Lucius F. Hubbard in Minnesota in the Civil and Indian Wars, Vol. I, p. 261). The regiment returned to the vicinity of Corinth, Mississippi on June 12 and remained some time in Camp Clear Creek. Hubbard would later describe the conditions:

The regiment did not enjoy life much at Camp Clear Creek. It was an unhealthy locality. Disease lurked in the earth and in the air, and its seeds became implanted in the constitutions of many of the men. Since the war, the writer [Hubbard] has been much impressed, when furnishing certificates in support of applications for pensions made by members of the regiment, by the large proportion who trace their disability to disease contracted while on duty at Camp Clear Creek, Miss.

They participated in an expedition to Rienzi, Mississippi, from July 3 to August 18, after which they guarded the Memphis and Charleston Railroad at Tuscumbia, Alabama from August 22 to September 13. Returning to Mississippi, Bardwell's Company A was present at the Battle of Iuka on September 19, but was held in reserve along with the rest of the 5th Minnesota Regiment.

On October 4, the 5th Minnesota played a critical role in turning back the Confederates at the Battle of Corinth. On October 28, Lemuel's brother Theodore was discharged for disability, likely due to illness from Camp Clear Creek's poor living conditions. While en route home on November 14, Theodore died. Sergeant Lemuel Bardwell was also discharged for disability on Tuesday, December 9, 1862, but he recovered from his illness and returned to live in Minnesota. Cousin Tracy Bardwell continued to serve in the 5th Minnesota until he was discharged with the regiment on September 6, 1865. Tracy was wounded at the Battle of Nashville and promoted to Corporal.

About 1864, Lemuel and Emma had a daughter who they named Emma M. The 1870 Census shows the Lemuel Bardwell family living in the Village of Mantorville, Dodge County, Minnesota. Lemuel worked as a house carpenter. Living with them was a 25-year-old farm laborer, George Bardwell, born in Vermont.

Lemuel Bardwell Grave MarkerAt the time of the 1880 U.S. Census, Lemuel and his family continued to live in the village of Mantorville. By then he had transitioned to working as a painter. Emma was 15 years old.

Lemuel's wife, Emma, died on May 25, 1882. She was buried in Evergreen Cemetery, Mantorville, Dodge County, Minnesota. On June 12, 1883, Lemuel remarried. His new bride's name was Lucinda (also known as Lucy) Robinson, born in Pennsylvania in 1843. At the time of the 1880 census, Lucy had been living with her uncle, a 69-year-old farmer named Soloman Mosier. Also in the household were Soloman's 13-year-old nephew, Joseph, and 28-year-old niece, Almira Whaley. The Josiah Whaley family lived next door.

Lemuel Bardwell Gravetone InscriptionThe 1895 Minnesota Census shows Lemuel and Lucinda Bardwell remaining in Mantorville. Emma no longer lives with them, but three other people do: Soloman Mosier -- now an 84-year-old retired farmer -- and Chauncy and Almira Whalley. Chauncy had just moved to Minnesota a year and a half earlier.

Lemuel H. Bardwell died on December 31, 1897 and was buried along with his first wife, Emma, in Evergreen Cemetery, Mantorville, Dodge County, Minnesota (Plot B).





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