MILLER Family History, Part I
Our Müller (Mueller)/Miller family dates back 350 years and 12 generations. It starts out as early as the late 1600s with Johann Michael Müller1, a native of Zollikofen, Bern Canton, Switzerland.
His son Johann Michael Müller (Mueller)/Miller (Jr.)2 was born in 1692 in Steinwenden, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany, and emigrated from Germany to the New World with the migration of "Pennsylvania Dutch" in 1727. Probably starting in Germantown on the outskirts of Philadelphia, the family gradually moved west across Pennsylvania to Coventryville, Rapho/Little Conewago, and Hanover before crossing into Maryland to present-day Maugansville just north of Hagerstown in Washington County, Maryland, in 1745.
As the Miller's expanded in this area they met with the disruptions of the French & Indian War (1754-1763) and the American Revolution (1775-1783). During the Revolution they espoused non-violence as "non-associators," refusing to pay war taxes or to serve in the army. As a result Michael's sons David and Jacob Miller, as well as members from allied families, lost land claims.
Philip Jacob's two eldest sons, Daniel Sr.4 and David4, both left Washington County in the early 1780s, moving north and across the Allegheny Mountains to Bedford County, Pennsylvania. Around the time of Ohio statehood in 1803, both Daniel Sr. and David resettled in western Ohio in the area of Montgomery and Preble counties near Dayton. They may have made this migration by way of Campbell County, Kentucky, which lies to the south.
Daniel Sr.'s son Isaac5 and David's daughter Elizabeth5, first cousins, wed in the Miami/Montgomery counties area of Ohio. After Isaac's death in 1822, Elizabeth remarried and continued westward into Elkhart County, Indiana, and on to Johnson County, Iowa, by 1840.
Isaac and Elizabeth's son David John Miller6, born in 1817 in Ohio, and his wife Sarah Kester started a family in Solon, Johnson County, Iowa, around 1841 and had as many as five children: three girls and two boys. The elder boy, Isaac Dennis Miller7, was born in 1843 and fought with the 24th Iowa Volunteer Regiment in the Civil War where he was wounded during the campaign against Vicksburg, Mississippi, and again on the road to Winchester, Virginia. After the war Isaac married Candace Mandana Andrews and all of the Miller family, except for the eldest daughter, Finetta, moved west to California about 1870. Isaac's family first settled in the area of Morro Township and Cayucos where his in-laws settled in 1868. It was here that Isaac and Candace's daughter, Cora Ethel Miller8, was born in 1881.
A few years later Isaac's family moved north to Parkfield in Monterey County but soon returned to San Luis Obispo County where they settled in Arroyo Grande until Isaac's death in 1896. Afterward Cora moved north to Sonoma County where she raised nine children and became the matriarch of the Fisher and Williams families. Over 40 years after her death the families continue to gather each summer for a reunion in the Santa Rosa area.
Johann Michael MÜLLER (MUELLER)1 (~1655-1695)
|1A.||Johann Nicholas Müller||5 Jun 1685||6 Jun 1685||(1 day)|
|1B.||Johann Abraham Müller||9 Jun 1686||1686||(<7 mos.)|
|1C.||Samuel Müller||30 Apr 1687||30 Apr 1687||(0)|
|1D.||Catherine Barbara Müller||7 Jun 1688||21 Jun 1691||(3)|
|1E.||Eva Catherine Müller||29 Apr 1691||29 Jun 1691||(2 mos.)|
|11.||Johann Michael Müller/Miller2||10 May 1692||1771||(78)|
As noted in research by Tom & Karleen Miller (Johann Michael Miller Family Tree), the Müller (Mueller) family likely moved from Switzerland following a peasant revolt in 1653 and migrated down the Rhine (Rhein) River to Germany which was recovering from depopulation during the Thirty Years' War (1618-1648). They settled in Steinwenden, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany probably in the early 1680s and became part of the Steinwenden and Konken German Reformed parish churches.
Irene (Charitas) Müller died in 1692, probably in her early 20's.
Michael later remarried to Anna Loysa Regina.
Johann Michael Müller died on January 31, 1695, in Steinwenden at the age of 40.
Michael's widow, Anna, remarried a year and a half later to Johann Jacob Stutzman (II), allegedly a native of Spiez, Bern Canton, Switzerland, in 1696 and had one son:
|--||Johann Jacob Stutzman (III)||1 Jan 1705||3 Feb 1775||(70)|
Johann Michael MILLER/MÜLLER (Jr.)2 (1692-1771)
11. Johann Michael Miller/Müller (Mueller) (Jr.)2, the son of Johann Michael Müller, was born on May 10, 1692, in Steinwenden, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany (a region often referred to as the Palatinate*). His mother* died that same year and his father remarried only to die a few years later when Michael was two or three years old.
Michael married Susanna Agnes Berchtoll/Berchtel, a native of Ohmbach or Krottelbach in Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany, and began a family of 11 or more children in Germany before emigrating to the New World in 1727. After Susanna's death in Maryland around 1752, Michael remarried to Elizabeth Garber/Gerber, the widow of Nicholas Garber/Gerber, around 1753. He and Elizabeth had two more daughters:
|11A.||John Peter Miller||19 Jan 1713-1715||Dec 1794||(80)|
|11C.||Hans Jeremiah Miller||1717||1781||(64)|
|11E.||Hans Michael Miller (III)*||(1720)||1784||(64)|
|11F.||George Miller (Sr.)||1722||(1796/1798)||(74/76)|
|11G.||Lodowich "Lewis" Miller||(1724)||(1792)||(68)|
|11H.||Philip Jacob Miller3||1726||Aug-Sep 1799||(73)|
|11I.||Johann Michael Miller (III)*||1728||1792||(64)|
|(11M.)||(Jacob Miller [Sr.])||1735||28 May 1815||(80)|
|11N.||Maria Elisabeth Miller||19 Mar 1754||--||--|
|11O.||Eva Elizabeth Miller||(1756)||--||--|
The Müller family emigrated to the New World in 1727, setting out from Rotterdam, Netherlands aboard the Adventure Galley by way of Plymouth, arriving in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on October 2, 1727. Among the 53 Palatinate families aboard the Adventure Galley were Susanna's brother Jacob Berchtol and Michael's step-brother Jacob Stutzman.
There is also reference to a "Hans Michel Miller" arriving from Rotterdam aboard the Adventurer on September 23, 1732, indicating a possible return trip to Germany by Michael to tend to unfinished business, or, as recently proposed and yet unverified, to attend to family matters following the death of his stepmother Anna in 1732.
The Millers' first known documented purchase of property beyond a likely stay in Germantown was in Coventry Township in Chester County, Pennsylvania, south of Pottstown and northwest of Philadelphia. Michael maintained this property through 1740.
Next the Millers, Susanna's brother's family, and the Garbers pushed due west to Rapho Township in Lancaster County, midway between Lancaster and Harrisburg, in 1744. There they joined the Little Conewago Congregation Church.
Not a year later, the Miller's relocated to present-day Maugansville in Prince George's County (later Frederick County and now Washington County), Maryland, and lived and worked plots that were given colorful names such as "Ash Swamp," "Skipton-on-Craven," "Miller's Fancy," and "Resurvey of Well Taught."
Soon after, Michael purchased a tract near Leitersburg, about 8 miles east of Maugansville, from Maryland pioneer Thomas Cresap, known as "Skipton-on-Craven" (named for Cresap's birthplace in Yorkshire, England) in 1748 or 1749. Judging from his later sale in two pieces of 117 and 163 acres, the tract was as large as 280 acres. At the same time, Michael had a grant of land survey for 36 acres between "Skipton-on-Craven" and "Resurvey of Well Taught," which was finally granted in 1754 and became known as "Miller's Fancy."
About the same time, son Lodowich purchased 150 acres adjacent to "Ash Swamp" in 1751, which became known as "Tom's Chance." The next year, sons Lodowich and Philip Jacob resurveyed "Ash Swamp" in 1752 and apparently took possession of it.
About 1752 Michael's wife, Susanna Agnes (Berchtoll) Miller, died in Washington County, Maryland. She was about 64 years old.
Not long after Susanna's death, Michael remarried to Elizabeth Garber/Gerber, the widow of Nicholas Garber/Gerber, close family friends around 1753. Elizabeth had three children of her own, Johannes "Hans" (1717-1787), Anna (1722-<1761), and Elizabeth (1720s-1782), and went on to give Michael two more daughters, while apparently in her 50s.
After the "Miller's Fancy" grant came through in 1754, Michael continued to increase his land holdings in 1755 with the purchase of 409 acres from George Poe. This tract, known as "Resurvey of Well Taught" lay with "Miller's Fancy" between it and "Ash Swamp." The same year, son Lodowich sold "Tom's Choice," adjacent to "Ash Swamp" and moved southwest of Hagerstown to the Beaver Creek area.
At one point in 1760, Michael served as constable of "Upper Antietam Hundred" township in Washington County.
In 1765, Michael sold "Skipton-on-Craven" in two partitions: 117 acres to John Reiff, husband of his step-daughter Anna Garber, and 163 acres to Jacob Good (1722-1797), husband of his step-daughter Elizabeth Garber.
Johann Michael Miller died in 1771 in Washington County, Maryland, west of Hagerstown.
Johann Jacob STUTZMAN (III) (1705-1775)
--. Johann/Hans Jacob Stutzman (III) was born on January 1, 1705, allegedly at Weilacher Hof, presumably near Hardenburg, in the modern German state of Rheinland-Pfalz. He is believed to be the stepbrother of Johann Michael Müller and immigrated to Germantown, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, with Michael aboard the Adventure Galley, arriving in October 1727. He is believed to have married Magdalena Maudin Steck, a native of Switzerland, about 1731 in Berks County, Pennsylvania. They reportedly had as many as six children:
|--||David Stutzman (Sr.)||14 Jun 1742||14 Jun 1822||(80)|
|--||Jacob Stutzman (IV)||(1746)||(1816-1818)||(71)|
By 1742, Jacob acquired land in the Cumberland Valley in modern-day Adams County, Pennsylvania, where in 1742 he warranted a portion to Stephen Ulrich (II)3 (~1710-1785). He retained some of that property through at least 1754.
Magdalena Maudin (Steck) Stutzman died about 1760 in Berks County, Pennsylvania. She was about 50 years old.
Jacob Stutzman and Stephen Ulrich (II)3 are said to have been naturalized in 1767.[Heiss 1979]
Johann Jacob Stutzman (III) died on February 3, 1775, likely in Peters or Washington Township, then in Cumberland County and later in Franklin County, Pennsylvania. He was 70 years old.
After Jacob's death, many of his children, David, Plantina, and Jacob (IV) moved west to "Woodberry" Township, straddling present-day Bedford and Blair counties, and Elk Lick Township, in modern-day Somerset County, in the 1780s.[Tax 1779-1788] Later, David, Plantina, Jacob (IV), Abraham, and perhaps Hannah, moved west to Montgomery County, Ohio, beginning around 1809. Jacob's step-nephew, Philip Jacob Miller, purchased land in Clermont and Warren counties in the late 1790s and then his two eldest sons continued north to Montgomery and Preble counties around 1802.
- Tax 1779-1788: Tax Assessment Book, 1776-1788, Bedford County, Pennsylvania
- Heiss 1979: Heiss, Willard. "This is the Histra of the Ulrey and Leers." Genealogy, Issue 44, Apr 1979. Indiana Historical Society.