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POOL/POOLE Family History, Part I

March 2014

POOLE Origins

1. The Pool/Poole family originated in Bristol County, Massachusetts with three children, likely grandchildren of the Sibrinus and Lurena Pool family of Dartmouth, Bristol County, Massachusetts, and further connected to a Mariah Pool (possibly their stepmother) and the Reed family (perhaps a prior marriage of Mariah's). Mariah, subsequent husband John Russell, and the Poole children migrated to California by way of the Isthmus of Panama in 1859, ages about 11 through 16. They arrived in the bustling gold mining town of Coulterville, Mariposa County, California on October 19, 1859, the night of a great fire that razed the town. According to family oral history, Susan and Jacob (and perhaps Caroline) were half-siblings.

-- Wilson Reed (1825-1826) --  -- 
-- Isaac M. Reed (1827-1828) --  -- 
-- Israel Reed (1832-1833) --  -- 
-- John L. Reed (1835-1836) --  -- 

11. Susan Maria Poole2 27 May 1843 24 Jun 1931 (88)

12. Jacob Poole (1844-1845) (> 1860) (> 16)
13. Caroline Poole (1847-1848) 2 Feb 1883 (35)
Notes

Upon review of various census records and Caroline's obituary, the children were likely born in 1843 (Susan), 1847 (Jacob), and 1848 (Caroline). Family tradition holds that Jacob was a younger half-brother but based on these dates it appears that if Jacob was a half-brother then Caroline, being a year younger than Jacob, was likely a half-sister to Susan as well.

Additionally, Emily A. Reed (born about 1796-1797), an apparent widow of Alden Reed (born about 1792), is enumerated in the 1855 and 1870 Dartmouth censuses with Abiathar and Emily A. Pool. This suggests closer ties between both Pool families and the Reed family. It also appears that Emily A. Reed, the elder, was likely Emily A. Pool's mother, and the Reed boys were Emily A. Reed's sons and Emily A. Pool's brothers.

Lastly, taking note of the name of son Jacob, the father of Sibrinus Poole, their suspected grandfather, was named Jacob Poole.

According to the 1850 federal census and 1855 state census of Dartmouth, Bristol County, Massachusetts, children Susan M., Jacob, and Caroline Pool are found enumerated with Mariah Pool (possibly Susan's stepmother and Caroline's mother) and living next door to the Abiathar and Emiliy A. Pool family. In 1850, Mariah, age 45 and head of the household, was enumerated with four young Reed men (perhaps sons from an earlier marriage), with the elder three annotated as sailors. Next came the Pool children, followed by three Russell family members, John, age 30; Stephen Jr., age 55; and Drusillla, age 29.[Cen 1850]

John Russell and Mariah Pool wed by 1855, when John, age 35, was named as the head of household, followed by Mariah (now Mariah Russell), age 51; the three Pool children; and John (L.) Reed, the youngest of the three young Reed men in 1850, a mariner.[Cen 1855]

Family oral history recalls that the Poole children migrated to California by way of the Isthmus of Panama in 1859. They arrived in the bustling gold mining town of Coulterville, Mariposa County, California on October 19, 1859, the night of a great fire that razed the town. The following year, John and Maria Russell, and sisters Susan and Caroline Poole, were enumerated in Coulterville. There, John worked as a teamster.

Enumerated along with Mariah and the Pool children in the 1850 census of Dartmouth was.[Cen 1850] John apparently migrated to California along with the Pool children where John and his wife are found with Susan and Caroline in 1860 census of Coulterville, Mariposa County, California.[Cen 1860]

Interestingly, in the 1860 census of Coulterville, an "M. Russell" age 55 is listed, presumably, as John's wife. Did Mariah (Pool) marry John Russell and become the Pool children's foster father or stepfather?

Sources
  • Cen 1850: 5 Sep 1850 Census, Dartmouth, Bristol County, Massachusetts
  • Cen 1855: 1 Jun 1855 Census, Dartmouth, Bristol County, Massachusetts
  • Cen 1860: 9 Aug 1860 Census, Coulterville, Mariposa County, California

Susan Maria (POOLE) CONVERSE2 (1843-1931)

Susan M. (POOLE) CONVERSE 11. Susan Maria Pool(e)2 was born in Fall River, Bristol County, Massachusetts, on May 27, 1843. She migrated to California by way of the Isthmus of Panama, arriving in Coulterville, Mariposa County on October 19, 1859. That night the town of Coulterville burned down. The following year, Susan married John Converse, Sr., a rugged native of Pennsylvania and Iowa. They were married in 1860 or 1861, she was only about 17 years old, he was about 30. They had 13 children:

11A. Jacob H. Converse 10 Oct 1861 1938 (77)
11B. William Converse 22 Nov 1863 Bef 1900 (37)
11C. George Leonard Converse 28 Aug 1865 21 May 1954 (88)
11D. Franklin Converse 26 July 1867 6 Nov 1946 (79)
11E. Daisy J. Converse 23 Dec 1869 1878 (9)
11F. Caroline M. Converse 17 Jun 1871 10 Feb 1963 (92)
11G. Charles Albert Converse 24 Sep 1873 1925 (52)
11H. Ida Mae Converse 17 Aug 1875 2 Jun 1963 (87)
11I. Elizabeth Ann Converse 3 Jul 1877 25 Feb 1958 (80)
11J. Alice Lucretia Converse3 19 Aug 1879 10 Feb 1951 (71)
11K. "Infant" 1881 Infancy (0)
11L. Lottie Converse 5 Oct 1883 1908 (25)
11M. John Lyman Converse 21 Feb 1887 1980 (93)

Susan M. (POOLE) CONVERSE From Susan's picture, it appears she was of native American descent. Her daughter Alice claimed native American heritage in her membership with the Pocahontas Club, a club for women of Cherokee blood, however we have yet to isolate what tribe Susan may have been related to.

Mitochondrial DNA analysis on one of Susan's grandchildren show that Susan's maternal line belonged to Haplogroup K1a1b. This line is associated with Near Eastern peoples and is closely related to subclades attributed to Ashkenazi Jews. This doesn't necessarily rule out that she was also of Native American descent, only that her mother's mother's line was not Native American.

Susan also had a younger half-sister Caroline, and a younger half-brother, Jacob. Jacob died soon after their arrival in Coulterville, and was the first to be buried at the Smith & Dudley's Mill cemetery.

Susan (POOLE) CONVERSE and Grandchildren Lyman C. CONVERSE Lloyd A. GOSS Lyle D. CONVERSE Lyla Mae (CONVERSE) BUCKLEY Susan M. (POOLE) CONVERSE Alda I. CONVERSE

Susan lived with her widowed daughter Ida and next door to her youngest son John. They were enumerated together in the 1920 census of Stanislaus Forest Reserve (Township 2) in Mariposa County.

Susan Maria Poole-Converse died on June 24, 1931 of a cerebral hemorrage and is buried in Dudley's Cemetery, Coulterville. She was 88 years old.

"Grandma"
- Zoa I. Albert, May 27, 1926

"We're Celebrating here today,
This 27th day of May,
The Birthday of a Friend and Mother,
The Likes of which there is no other."

"She's bright and spry as she can be,
Although today she's 83,
And to her credit be it known,
Are thirteen children, all her own."

"The most of whom are here today,
Except the five who went away,
There's grand and great grand children here,
With Gifts, and Smiles, for Grandma dear."

"And in Red Cloud community,
At picnic, dance, or social tea,
This lady with the cane and shawl,
Is Grandma, she attends them all."

"The old red house with huge fireplace,
Where Grandma rocks with placid face,
Living again those 60 years,
Of Joys, and Pleasure, Hopes, and Tears."

"So let us rise and Honor give,
And wish that she'd a hundred live,
For all will miss her kindly face,
When summoned to the Higher Place."

Dedicated to Grandma Converse In Honor of her 83rd Birthday

Sources
  • Cen 1850: 5 Sep 1850 Census, Dartmouth, Bristol County, Massachusetts
  • Cen 1855: 1 Jun 1855 Census, Dartmouth, Bristol County, Massachusetts
  • Cen 1860: 9 Aug 1860 Census, Coulterville, Mariposa County, California
  • Cen 1870: 21 Jul 1870 Census, Maxwell Creek, Mariposa County, California
  • Cen 1880: 24 Jun 1880 Census, Coulterville Precinct, Mariposa County, California
  • Cen 1900: 15 Jun 1900 Census, Redcloud Precinct, Mariposa County, California
  • Cen 1910: 10 May 1910 Census, Stanislaus Forest Reserve (Township 2), Mariposa County, California
  • Cen 1920: 1 Mar 1920 Census, Township 2, Mariposa County, California
  • Cen 1930: 12 Apr 1930 Census, Stanislaus National Forest Township 2 (Greeley Hill), Mariposa County, California

Jacob POOLE (~1844->1860)

12. Jacob Poole was born about 1844 or 1845, in Massachusetts. He migrated with his likely mother or stepmother, Mariah (Poole) Russell, and sisters to Coulterville, Mariposa County, California in 1859. In 1860 he was living with Charles Allen, a teamster, and three other teamsters next door to his sisters in Coulterville (Greeley Hill).[Cen 1860]

Jacob Poole is recalled to have died as a teenager, not long after his arrival in Coulterville, and to have been the first person buried at the Dudley Cemetery on Greeley Hill.

Sources
  • Cen 1850: 5 Sep 1850 Census, Dartmouth, Bristol County, Massachusetts
  • Cen 1855: 1 Jun 1855 Census, Dartmouth, Bristol County, Massachusetts
  • Cen 1860: 9 Aug 1860 Census, Coulterville, Mariposa County, California

Caroline (POOLE) OLNEY (~1847-1883)

13. Caroline Poole was born in Massachusetts about 1847 or 1848. She migrated to California in 1859 by way of the Isthmus of Panama. Upon arriving in Coulterville, Mariposa County, California, she and her sister lived with the John and Mariah Russell family.

Caroline married Augustus Olney, Sr., of Rhode Island, about 1862 and had at least 10 children:

13A. Maria Jane Olney 5 Mar 1863 (1900-1910) (36-47)
13B. Edward M. Olney 2 Mar 1865 29 Dec 1919 (54)
13C. Cynthia Olney 8 Jan 1867 15 Feb 1867 (1 mo.)
13D. Cyrus Olney 7 Jan 1869 25 Nov 1923 (54)
13E. Annie S. Olney 3 Jul 1871 (Aug) 1901 (30)
13F. George Olney 27 Nov 1872 4 Jul 1944 (71)
13G. Augustus Olney, Jr. 27 Sep 1875 18 Jul 1906 (30)
13H. Ella Olney 8 Feb 1878 Infancy (-)
13I. Walter F. Olney 6 Mar 1880 --  -- 
13J. Alexander M. Olney (12 Sep 1882) 28 Apr 1971 (88)
Olney Migration
Augustus may be the "A. Olney" who arrived in San Francisco on July 28, 1850, aboard the brig Hallowell from Providence (presumably Rhode Island) after a 230-day journey around Cape Horn.[Rasmussen]

Caroline (Poole) Olney died at her home on Greeley Hill on February 2, 1883. She was only 35 years old.[Obit 1883]

Mariposa Gazette, February 10, 1883
"Olney- At her residence, near Hobron's Mill, 8 miles above Coulterville, Mariposa county, February 2d, 1883, Mrs. Caroline P., wife of Augustus Olney, a native of Massachusetts, aged 35 years. Deceased leaves a husband and 7 children to mourn her loss."

Augustus may have remarried at some point over the 17 years after Caroline's death, as he was was recorded as having been married for 4 years in 1900 while he, youngest son Alexander, grandson James Clark, and a boarder were enumerated together in Red Cloud Precinct (Greeley Hill).[Cen 1900]

Sources
  • Cen 1850: 5 Sep 1850 Census, Dartmouth, Bristol County, Massachusetts
  • Rasmussen: Rasmussen, Louis J. San Francisco Passenger Lists: Volume 1, 1850-1864. 1965.
  • Cen 1855: 1 Jun 1855 Census, Dartmouth, Bristol County, Massachusetts
  • Cen 1860: 9 Aug 1860 Census, Coulterville, Mariposa County, California
  • Cen 1870 21 Jul 1870 Census, Maxwell Creek, Mariposa County, California
  • Cen 1880 25 Jun 1880 Census, Coulterville Precinct, Mariposa County, California
  • Obit 1883: Mariposa Gazette, 10 Feb 1883
  • Cen 1900: 15 Jun 1900 Census, Red Cloud Precinct, Mariposa County, California