Ware Family History 

of county Kent, England


Wanda Ware DeGidio







     New information on Peter Ware came from the discovery of the 1628 Will of John Hatche of Tenterden, and from Tenterden Kent Marriages 1597-1894 by Peter Smith.  New information on Nicholas Ware I, II and III came from Grandma's Book by Eron M. Sharp, 1960, and the Ware-Tucker-Turnbull family Bible record, 1709-1930 (microform) and 28126 Misc. reel 445 found at the Virginia State Library.  Pictures of Peter Ware I, II, III and Nicholas Ware I, II and III are individuals who were living in the same time period.




     In the ancient Saxon settlement of Canterbury, a district of Kent in South East England, we find the possible origin of the Ware surname.  "Canterbury was once Cani-wara-burgh, or the borough of the Kent people.  Wara, in the old name Cant-wara-burgh, reminds us of the prefix and affix War, ... 'The compounds of the Anglo-Saxon word ware = occupants, inhabitants, are too numerous to leave any doubt as to this and several other derivations. Cant-ware = Cant-icolae = people of Kent; Hwic-ware = Hwiccas = the people of parts of Worcestershire....'."  Source: Chambers's journal, Vol. 26, By William Chambers, Robert Chambers, p. 329.  

     Ware, Ash, Westmarsh and Hoaden are located in the civil parish of Ash, Canterbury, Kent.  They are situated near Canterbury in the Dover district of east Kent about three miles west of Sandwich.  Ash, or Ash-Next-Sandwich as it is often called, is found along the road from Sandwich to Canterbury.  Located near Ware is the scenic trail Pilgrims Way; a route taken by pilgrims to the shrine of Thomas Becket at Canterbury in Kent.  Pilgrims Way is a name somewhat misleading as the route closely follows a pre-existing ancient road dated by archaeological finds to 500–450 BC, and was later used by the Romans.




     Canterbury was originally a Brythonic settlement and spoke the Insular Celtic language.  In the 1st century A.D., it was renamed Durovernum Cantiacorum by the Roman conquerors.  After the Jutes arrived around 449 A.D., it became a Jutish settlement and gained its English name Canterbury. After the Kingdom of Kent's conversion to Christianity in 597, St. Augustine founded an episcopal see in the city and became the first Archbishop of Canterbury, a position that now heads the Church of England and the worldwide Anglican Communion. Thomas Becket's murder at Canterbury Cathedral in 1170 led to the cathedral becoming a place of pilgrimage for Christians worldwide.  Thomas Becket was canonized in 1246.  This pilgrimage provided the theme for Geoffery Chaucer's 14th-century literary classic The Canterbury Tales.

     In 1284/5, Willelm atte Ware is mentioned living in Westerham, county Kent.  Westerham is recorded as early as the 9th century, and later chronicled in the Domesday survey of 1086.  It was a large thriving settlement at that time.  Prior to the arrival of the Normans, it was held by the Saxon Earl Godwin and later by his son Harold, the last Saxon King of England.

     In the list of knight's fees in Kent dated 1284-5, there is an extract from the report submitted by Roger de Northwode stating: "Text Rolls of the fees which are held from the king in chief and from various other people in the county of Kent, according to the inquiries made before R(oger) de Northwod and his associates, appointed for this purpose by the king. ... Westerham Hundred (116) Willelm atte Ware holds a fourth part of one fee from the earl of Gloucester."  

     In the list for Aids and scutages dated 1302-3 there is an extract which states, "Aid for getting the king's eldest daughter married: ... Westerham Hundred: (381) a fourth part of one fee which Willelm (ate Ware) holds in Bradestede [Brasted] from earl of Gloucester."

     In the list of Aids and scutages dated 1346-7,  the account of, "Johan de Frenyngham sheriff of Kent and Thomas de Gyllyngham, collectors in the county of Kent of the aid of forty shillings granted to the king ... Aid for getting the king's eldest son made a knight. ... Westerham Hundred: (381) ... From the heirs of Willelm ate Ware - for a fourth part of one fee which the said Willelm (ate Ware) held in Bradestede from the earl of Gloucester."

     Wikipedia.com defines the meaning of a Knight's Fee: "In feudal Anglo-Norman England and Ireland, a knight's fee was a measure of a unit of land deemed sufficient from which a knight could derive not only sustenance for himself and his esquires, but also the means to furnish himself and his equipage with horses and armour to fight for his overlord in battle. It was effectively the size of a fief (fee) sufficient to support one knight for one year in the performance of his feudal duties of knight-service. A knight's-fee cannot be stated as a standard number of acres as the required acreage to produce a given crop or revenue would vary depending on, amongst other factors, its location, richness of soil and climate.



          A knight's fee could be created by a magnate or by the king by separating an area of land of his own, or land held in-hand, which process was known as subinfeudation, and establishing a new manor for the use of a knight who would become its tenant by paying homage to his new overlord. This homage was a vow of loyalty to provide knight-service, generally to a maximum of 40 days per annum, signifying that he would have to fight for his overlord in battle. No cash rent was payable. A knight was required to maintain the dignity of knighthood, which meant that he should be well-turned out, with the required number of esquires to serve him in battle, and with horses, arms and armour for all." 

     In 1284-5, we also find the first mention of the Hatch family of Kent. [John Hetche was nephew to Peter Ware according to his 1628/9 will].  Canterbury Cathedral Archives Grant  20 Nov 1284 - 19 Nov 1285 Robert burgelun of Chartham to the prior and convent of Canterbury Cathedral Priory 1 acre, 1 at 'Smaldane' in Godmersham parish, lying with the priory's wood to south, the king's highway 'meleweye' to north, the wood of Ralph de Cornhelle and Richard de Rokyng' and the heirs of Hugh atte Thorne to east, and the priory's wood to west. Witnesses: Moses Taylefer; Richard atte Meleweye; John Buppehecche, reeve of Chartham; James de Smaldane; NICHOLAS ATTE HECHE; ROGER ATTE HECHE; Ralph le Corncherl; John of East Stour; William Bidegod; Stephen of Elham; John the clerk of Wingham. 





     In 1066, William the Conqueror gathered an invasion fleet in excess of 650 war ships along with troops from Normandy, Maine, northeastern France, Flanders, Brittany, Normans of southern Italy, various allies and mercenaries - all persuaded with offers of English lands and titles for their service.

     After winning the Battle of Hastings, William rested his weary army for two weeks near Hastings, fully expecting the English lords to submit to him.  Realizing his hopes of submission were in vain, he advanced his troops toward London. Traveling east through Kent over an old Roman road, William devastated Romney where two of his ships had been attacked. 

     William received the submission of Dover and its important castle, but not before burning it to the ground.  At Dover, his army became ill and he was forced to leave many of them behind.  The remaining men made they way to Canterbury where William himself became ill.  He sent for the submission of the Archbishop of Canterbury, Stigand, who at the time was grieving the loss of his close friend Harold.  With William having the papal blessing and the king dead, Stigand knew he had to submit.  

     Saxon Nobles and Yeomen, known as the "Men of Kent" rode out to meet William.  These "Men of Kent" were descendants of the Jute's recruited by King Vorigern in 449 A.D.  Vorigern hired the Jute twin brothers named Hengist and Horsa, the sons of Wihtgils, recognized for their battle prowess and feared by all, to help him protect his kingdom from the Saxons and Franks who were constantly raiding his shores after the Romans left in 410 A.D.  For this service they were given the Isle of Thanet.  

     The men of Kent were willing to submit to William, but only under certain conditions. They wanted to be allowed to continue their ancient laws and liberties.  Fortunately for what little remained of Kent, William agreed.  It's speculated that these men regarded the war with William as a dispute between him and the Godwinson family, and had hoped to make their own peace. 

     William, keeping his word, allowed Kent to continued their ancient laws and liberties, one being Gavelkind. This allowed land to descend to all sons equally, was usually devisable by will, did not escheat in case of attainder and execution for felony, and could be aliened by the tenant at the age of fifteen. In general it was a freeman's tenure and was considered by the common law of England, and judicially taken notice of by the King's Courts as the common law of Kent. The only instance in all England of a county having a different common law from the rest of the Kingdom.  Gavelkind retained the characteristics of Anglo-Saxon law in a more perfect form than any other species of property in land. Source:  Commentaries on the laws of England, Vol. II, By Sir William Blackstone, p. 84.




     As indicated on the monument, there is a distinction between the "Men of Kent" [from east Kent] and "Kentish Men" [from west Kent].  This monument shows they were willing to fight for a common goal, but it also signifies a distinct separation between the two.    

     Beowulf in the 8th century was among the last to refer to the Jutes.  Collectively the Jutes, Angles, Frisians and Saxons became known as the Angelo-Saxons around the end of the 7th century.  The remaining Jutes in Jutland were absorbed by the Vikings who established the kingdom of Denmark.  It's speculated the Angelo-Saxons of east Kent started referring to themselves as "Men of Kent" soon after this time period.

     Peter Ware lived in Tenterden and his ancestors had close associations with other east Kent families dating back hundreds of years, so it seems likely he considered himself one of the "Men of Kent" and not one of the "Kentish Men."

     The Angles and Saxons were Saxon tribes and Frankish people from Germany, Northern France and Belgium who settled most of Kent, including west Kent.  The Jutes were a Germanic people from the Jutland peninsula in what is modern day Denmark who chose to separate themselves from the rest of England.  For the most part the two were able to co-exist peacefully and on occasion join forces when the need arose.     

     "The Saxon Chronicle confirms a distinction between these two groups:

     A.D. 853. "Ealhcre with the 'Men of Kent* fought in Thanet [east Kent] against the heathen army [Danes]."  

     A.D. 865. "The heathen army [Danes] sate down in Thanet, and made peace with the 'Men of Kent.' And the 'Men of Kent' promised them money for the peace."

     A.D. 902. "Battle at the Holmes, between the 'Kentish Men' and the 'Danish Men.' 

     A.D. 999. "The army [Danes] went up along the Medway to Rochetter, and then the 'Kentish forces' stoutly joined battle .... and all the 'West Kentish men they ruined and plundered."

     A.D. 1009. "Then came the vast hostile army [Danes] to Sandwich, and they soon went their way to Canterbury; and nil the people of 'East Kent' made peace with the army, and gave them 3000 pounds."





     In 1381, several prominent local citizens in Canterbury and the surrounding Wingham district were killed by the rebels. The four Constables of Wingham named during this time were Thomas de Gwodnestone, William atte Ware, Robert Kylera and Henry Peny and the two Warders as John Gustone and John Kedyntone.  Several years prior, in 1334/5, Jn. Peny and Jn. atte Ware are living near Wingham in the Hundred of Bleangate along with Alex atte Waree, Jn. atte Heeche, and the Wid. of Nich. atte Heeche, most are living side by side.  The role Constable William atte Ware played during this time appears to be as a witness during various trials.

     When the Peasant's Revolt of 1381 occurred, a number of men from Kent and Essex rose up against an unpopular government and particularly against recent heavy government taxes and certain prominent government officials. Wat Tyler and John Ball in Kent raised a large peasant army and marched on London to meet King Richard II. The situation was extremely serious for the King and his government. The Archbishop of Canterbury, Sudbury was hauled out of the Tower of London together with other prominent Royal officials and were executed. Richard II eventually appeased the rebels and promised them reforms and pardons and they melted back to the Kent and Essex countryside. There were subsequent severe Government reprisals and of course the reforms never took place. 






     1317 - Archaeologia cantiana, Volume 14 By Kent Archaeological Society p. 271.  679. At Westminster, Octave of St. John Baptist A0 14—Betw. Thomas Q-oldyng' and Godeleua his wife pits., and Adam, son of Walter atte Ware, and Margeria his wife defts., of 1 mess., and 10 acr. land, with appurts., in Reculure. Adam and Margeria admit it to be the Right of Thomas ; and, for themselves and the heirs of Margeria, grant to Thomas and Godeleua and to the heirs of Thomas, and receive 10Z. for the concession.  Gives particulars about a suit in which Adam Ware on behalf of his wife Margery brings an action against Ranulph Baker of Fordwich for detaining certain goods which came to the said Margery by the Will of William Moundeqtine. 11 Edw. II. U/4/1/88 1317.  Margery wife of ADAM AT WARE consents to gift of a house etc. to Stephen of Canterbury, chaplain. John Milite (Mayor) 11 Edw. II. U/4/1/89 1317  1276 - mid 20th century held by Canterbury Cathedral Archive. BUNDLE No. 1 labelled "Chiefly Final Concords" and "Proceedings before the Mayor Edw. II" U/4/1 1276-1512.

     1320 - Grant dated 13 Edward II [A.D. 1320.] from Willms Salekoc to SALOMONE ATEWAR' of two pieces of land in the borough of Wysebedge in Chistelet. Witnesses Symon' Deboyton, Rob'o de Watintenn, Moyses de Wynh'm, Rog' Sap, Johe Ada', Robo' Dobyn, Rog' de Aula, Rich' Pyggil, Tho' ate Broke, Thom' Salek' &o.

     1331 - Latin deed October 4 1331 Grant from Thomas ate Broke to SALOMON ATE WARE of "duas pasturas ad duos boues in Villa de Chistelet & in Borgh' de Wysebeche." Witnesses Willm. de Grey Knight: Simon de Woytone, Robert de Whetyndenne Robert Dod Michael Frend, Richard Pyggel & others. Deed dated at Chistelet on the Feast of St. Mildred's Henry V A.D. 1414.          

     1334 - In the hundred of Bleangate in the lathe of St. Augustine, county of Kent, 5-3/4 miles NNE of Canterbury.  The Kent Lay Subsidy record dated 1334/5 shows the following individuals living next door or nearby one another: ALEX. ATTE WAREE, Jn. atte Heeche, Jn. atte Ware, Wid. of Nich. atte Heeche.  Lady Margery le Grey, Robt. de Whetyndenne, Robert Dod and Andr. Piggel are living nearby.

     1334 - The Parish of Chislet, Kent:  its monuments, vicars, and parish officers.  By Francis Haslewood, Edward Maynard Collard, p. 147, shows the following grant dated 1284 from SAL'OM' ATTE WARE to HAM' ATTE WARE of half an acre of land in Wysebechesfe'd between the land of John Adam, & that of Ham' on the West, abutting on land of Dyonis atte Stile on the East, & that of Richard Sywold.  Witnesses Ham' atte Porte, William Sadebruis, John le Camb', Andr' de Watendenne, Salom' atte infer, Thomas Stede, John Lord, John Dod, Henry de Bre, William Frend, Thomas Craft, Stephen Pegyl, Willm Stopl.  This is the earliest mention of the Ware's associated with Kent, England found thus far.  Jn. Lord, Robt. Dod and Thos. Stede were all names mentioned along with Alex. atte Waree, Jn. atte Heech, Jn. atte Ware and Wid. of Nich. atte Heech on the Kent Lay Subsidy 1334/5.  Chislet is a parish in the hundred of Bleangate.

     1393 - On 18 Oct 1393, there is a Quitclaim deed from Thomas Stablegate of Stourmouth, son and one of the heirs of Edmund Stablegate of Canterbury, deceased to John Hecche of Canterbury, butcher ('Boch'').  It also states, "a third part of a barn, a garden and another garden lying outside the Northgate of the city of Canterbury in a place called 'Borisars' and a third part of 18 acres of land lying separately in the fields next to 'le Olde vyne', which third share fell to him in inheritance after the death of Edmund Stablegate, his father. Given at Canterbury. Witnesses: John Symme, bailiff of the city of Canterbury ('ballivus Civitatis predicte'); John Harnhull', bailiff of the city of Canterbury ('ballivus Civitatis predicte'); John Sextayn; Thomas lane; ROBERT WARE John Mot; John Bryan Endorsed 'Northgate' in late 15th cent hand.

     1414 - Jacobus Wodelonde of Chistelet convey to John Holyman of same parish and to John Wodelonde of Westbere my brother A messuage and 1 piece of land in Chistelet bounded by lands of said John Holyman towards West—to lands of John Robyn towards South—to lands of Nicholas Cook towards East and the Kings highway North. Witnesses William Stardy—Thomas Plunket—Thomas Bocheman—George Tryppe — THOMAS ATT WARE &c. p. 147 and 148.  Feast of St. Mildred, Henry V, A.D. 1414.

    Based on the following Quitclaim Deed which mentions John Phylpot [Philpott], William Turnour [Turner] and John Aleyn [Allen], Peter Ware of Tenterden, co. Kent, England could descended from William Ware of Chiddingstone, of course William could be from a separate line descending from the same family.  More research is needed to confirm this relationship:

     Quitclaim from WILLIAM WARE of Chiddingstone to JOHN WARE of Tonbridge, his brother, 11 Nov 1476.  In respect of his right and title to: Messuage with houses built thereon, with two gardens and a small close of land lying together in Seal, which were late of Thomas a Bourne, dec'd.; three pieces of land and a grove of wood lying together in Seal, called Bromfeldis, abutting W. on land of Wm Hodeshole, N. on land of Robert Tebold and Wm Porter; two pieces of adjoining land in Seal, at Perettistyle, abutting E. on land of Martin Cogger, S. on land of John Aleyn; piece of land called Wattyscroft in Seal, abutting W. on land of Richard Blakcherle, E. on King's highway; meadow (4a.) in Kemsing abutting E., N. and W. on land of James Pecham, esq., S. on King's highway; meadow (1˝a.) in Kemsing abutting S., E. and N. on land of Thomas Fremelyn, W. on King's highway.; piece of land in Kemsing at Watterstred abutting S. on a street, W. on land of Wm Turnour; 10s. yearly rent from four pieces of land lying together in Leigh and Shipbourne paid by the heirs of Robert Tyherst of Hollanden. Witnesses: John Tebold, John Phylpot, Thomas Clerk, Thomas Olyver, Richard Cartar, jnr. Given at Seal.  






     During the short reign of Bloody Mary, 1553-1558, 283 Protestants were burnt for their faith and for their refusal to attend what they believed to be a superstitious and idolatrous mass. A total of 62 Protestants were put to death in Kent.

     Canterbury saw more martyrdoms than any place except Smithfield in London. John Bland, the vicar of Adisham was often thrown into prison for preaching the Gospel. In November 1554 when he objected to a Roman Catholic Priest celebrating mass at Adisham he was arrested and imprisoned. When he refused to submit to the authority of the Pope, he was sentenced to death by the Bishop of Dover, and he was burned in Canterbury on 12 July 1555. 

     Alice Benden of Staplehurst was sent to prison for two weeks for refusing to attend mass in her local church, describing it as ‘idolatry committed against the glory of God’.  Her husband tried to force her to attend mass but she refused and he offered to pay for his wife to be taken back to prison. She gave herself up and was condemned to death by the Bishop of Dover and was burnt at Canterbury.

     Alice Potkins of Staplehurst, when interrogated said, "I am resolved never to confess to a priest, nor pray to a saint, nor creep to the cross."  She was sentenced to death, but before she could be burnt, she died of starvation while imprisoned in Canterbury Castle. Joan Bradbridge was burnt at Maidstone on 18 June 1557.

     Anglicans William Allin and his wife Katherine of Frittenden fed the poor, sold corn at half price and, worst of all, read scriptures to people. They were burned at the stake at Fairmeadow, Maidstone on 18 June 1557. 

     The following are names of Protestant Martyrs from Kent who were also surnames in the Will of John Hatche:

          John Newman, burnt August 31, Saffron Walden

          William Allen, Labourer of Somerton burnt at Walsingham September 1555

          Robert Glover, burnt 20 September at Coventry

          John Philpott, burnt 

          Thomasina Wood of Mayfield, burnt 22 June, Lewes

          Dunstan Chittenden, was facing execution, but eventually he was not condemned.

     In the book, The martyrs: or, a history of persecution from the commencement of Christianity to the Present, Including an Account of the Trials, Tortures, and Triumphant Deaths of Many Who Have Suffered Martyrdom, by Martin Ruter and John Foxe the following is written:

     "The last [martyr] we find recorded, who suffered for the truth of the gospel in the bloody year 1556, were five persons, confined with many others, in Canterbury castle who were cruelly starved to death. Their names were as follows: William Foster, Alice Potkins, John Archer, condemned: John Clark, Dunstan Chittenden, not condemned. The cruel usage these unhappy persons suffered from their unfeeling persecutors, was displayed in a letter written by one of them, and thrown out of the window of the prison; of which the following is a copy. 

     "Be it known unto all men that shall read, or hear read, these our letters, that we the poor prisoners of the castle of Canterbury, for God's truth, are kept, and lie in cold irons, and our keepers will not suffer any meat to be brought to us to comfort us. And if any man do bring us any thing, as bread, butter, cheese, or any other food, the said keeper will charge them that so bring us any thing, except money or raiment, to carry it them again; or else, if he do receive any food for any of us, he doth keep it for himself, and he and his servants do spend it, so that we have nothing thereof; and thus the keeper keepeth away our victuals from us: insomuch, that there are four of us prisoners there for the truth, famished already; and thus it is his mind to famish us all. And we think be is appointed thereunto by the bishops and priests, and also of the justices, so to famish us; and not only us of the said castle, but also all other prisoners, in other prisons, for the like cause to be also famished; notwithstanding, we write not these our letters, to the intent that we might not afford to be famished for the Lord Jesus' sake, but for this cause and intent, that they, having no law to famish us in prison, should not do it privately, but that the murderers' hearts should be openly known to all the world, that all men may know of what church they are, and who is their father - Out of the castle of Canterbury." 

     Among the others confined with these five, were ten men, who having been examined by Dr. Thornton, suffragan of Dover, and Nicholas Harpstield, arch-deacon of Canterbury, were sentenced to be burnt. They had been confined a considerable time, but their sentence was, at length, put into execution; and they were the first who opened the bloody transactions of the year 1557. The names  were as follows: Stephen Kemp, of Norgate; William Waterer, of Beddingden; W. Prowting, of Thornham; W. lxwick, of Cranbroke; Thomas Hudson, of Salenge; William Hay, of Hythe; Thomas Stephens, of Beddingden; John Philpot, of Tenterden; Nicholas Final, of Tenterden; Matthew Bradbridge, of Tenterden. 

     The six first were burnt at Canterbury on the 15th of January, 1557.  Stephens and Philpot suffered the next day at Wye; and Final and Bradbridge the day after, at Ashford. They all bore their sufferings with Christian fortitude, happily rejoicing that their troubles were drawing to an end, and that they should leave this world, to be transplanted to that where "the weary are at rest, and the wicked cease from troubling."






English Protestant and Separatist

BIRTH: c1550 likely Tenterden, co. Kent, England

DEATH: Buried 3 Dec 1632 Tenterden, co. Kent, England

WIFE:  Unknown

FATHER:  Unknown

MOTHER:  Unknown


MARRIED: c1575 likely Tenteden, co. Kent, England





1.  Peter Ware II, c1588 Tenterden, co. Kent, England m. Catherine Eaton


     Peter Ware (Abt. 1550-Aft. 1628) is mentioned in the will of John Hatche dated 23 Mar 1628, "To my uncle Peeter Ware 5 pounds."  Members of this Hatche family connected to Rev. John Lothropp and his congregation, the majority of whom settled in Scituate in the Plymouth Colony.  Rev. Lothropp is found in the will of John Hatche which states,  "Alsoe I doe giue vnto Mr. Lotropp late mynister of Eggerton fforty shillings."  

     LDS records show his burial:  Peter Ware buried 3 Dec 1632, Tenterden, co. Kent, per: England Deaths and Burials, 1538 -1991, LDS Project: 102150-7 Film: 1737094.  The location and burial date denotes him as the Peter Ware mentioned in the will of John Hatche of Tenterden, father of Peter Ware who married Catherine Eaton on 8 Jun 1612, in Tenterden, co. Kent, England as per Tenterden Kent Marriages 1597 - 1894, By Peter Smith.  Specific details of Hatche's will are provided later.

     The term 'Pilgrims', was first used in 1596 in the 'Confession of Faith' they adopted and, in later references, to their own idea of life on earth as a pilgrimage towards heavenly bliss.  Pilgrims' were religious dissenters, known as Separatists, who fled persecution under Queen Elizabeth I and her successor King James I, taking up residence in Leyden, Holland in 1609. Many of the group immigrated to America on the MAYFLOWER (1620), the FORTUNE (1621), the ANNE and the LITTLE JAMES (1623) and the second MAYFLOWER (1629). They provided the leadership in the establishment of the colony "New Plymouth" as well as about half the colony's population.  

     Many writers refer to Pilgrims as English Calvinist, however, Calvin's beliefs more closely align with the Puritan's from which the Pilgrims arose.  John Calvin's  influence on the development of the doctrines of the Protestant Reformation began in 1534 when Calvin was 25.  The years spent in Holland were a time of poverty and hardship for a great majority of the congregation; there were fewer English Separatists joining their congregation than anticipated. The culture and language were difficult for the English congregation to learn, and their children became more Dutch as the years passed by. The congregation came to believe that they faced eventual extinction if they remained in Holland. Moreover, a war was brewing between the Dutch and Spanish. Finally a decision was made to emigrate again, this time to America.

     Queen Elizabeth I wanted to firmly establish the Church of England as the only church and she attempted to have all religious groups conform to the Anglican Church. The Puritans, another group in the Anglican Church, wanted to "purify" the church of all Roman Catholic ceremonies and practices and bring about further reforms. Both groups wanted to be a church unto themselves but they were being persecuted for their attempts to run their churches the way they wished rather than the way the bishops of the Anglican Church wanted the churches run.

     Elizabeth I died in 1603. The majority of Englishmen were now Protestant and the Bible was the most read book. Shakespeare, music, poetry all flourished during her reign. Songs were created and sung by the common man as he worked. Elizabeth, however, had no children so the reign of the Tudor's came to an end with her death. Her successor was James I born in 1566. He was already King James VI of Scotland. His mother was Mary, Queen of Scots. She had tried, unsuccessfully, to oust Elizabeth. With the reign of James I, the House of Stuart came to power. He persecuted both Catholics and the extreme Protestant Puritans and Separatists. He believed he had the divine right to rule as he pleased to the extent that he ruled without parliament for seven years (1614-1621). He finally gave in, however, and agreed to let Parliament share in government but he died shortly after.

     It was during the end of Elizabeth's years as Queen and the beginning of James' reign that the Separatists left England, fleeing to Holland where there was more acceptance of different religious beliefs and, from 1620 on to America. Despite his treatment of the non-conformists, it was during James' reign, and with his support, that the version of the Bible we know as the King James Version was translated. His son, Charles became King (1625-1649) and proved to be far more uncompromising than his father. It was during his reign that Reverend William Walton and his fellow Puritans educated at Cambridge began to fear for their lives. The Archbishop of Canterbury, William Laud, inflamed anti-Puritan feeling and caused a big wave of emigration of Puritans to America.

     William Bradford, (19 Mar 1590-9 May 1657) became leader of the settlers of the Plymouth Colony and was elected thirty times to be the Governor after John Carver died.  He was a member of John Robinson's congregation when he married Dorothy May in 1613.  Dorothy was the daughter of a well-off English couple living in Amsterdam with Robinson's group.  Again referring to John Hatches' will, we find this connection to the May family, "To Katherine May, daughter of Martin Maye of Ould Romney, that he had by Margaret Donck [sometimes Dunke], my sister Katherine's daughter, 10 pounds."   

     John Robinson (1575 – 1625), founder of congregationalism in Leiden, Holland, was the pastor of the "Pilgrim Fathers" before they left on the Mayflower.  He became one of the early leaders of the English Separatists, minister of the Pilgrims, and is regarded (along with Robert Browne) as one of the founders of the Congregational Church.   Rev. John Lothrop included among those first built in Scituate in 1637 as "Isaac Robinson's new house."  Isaac was the son of John Robinson.

     It is said by the great American historian, Bancroft, that Calvinish came to America in the Mayflower and he pronounced the Pilgrim Fathers, "Calvinists in their father according to the straightest system."  So, it is little wonder that in the will of John Hatche he states, "To Stephen Huckstep my books of Mr. Caluins [Calvin's] sermons upon Galathians."

     In his lifetime, William Perkins, born 1558, attained enormous popularity, with sales of his works eventually surpassing even Calvin's. From his position at Cambridge, Perkins was able to influence a whole generation of English churchmen.  John Robinson, the founder of congregationalism in Leiden and pastor of the group which went on to found the Plymouth Colony, was one of his pupils.

     Rev. John Lothropp, initially a Puritan, became sympathetic with the Separatists, and for thirteen years he preached their point of view to an ever growing congregation at Egerton, co. Kent, England.  Among this congregation was John Hatche who mentions his uncle "Peeter Ware" in his will.  The Separatists point of view became the forerunner to the United States Constitution and the Declaration of Independence.






      Lying In the heart of Tenterden is the Church of St. Mildred, dating back to 1180.  The 125 foot panoramic view from its 15th-century tower provides an amazing scene across the Weald and to the Channel coast.  Tenterden, referred to as the ‘Jewel of the Weald,’ borders the dense woodlands of the Weald and the flatter farmland leading eastwards to Romney Marsh. 

     The first recorded form of TENTERDEN is "TENTWARDENE" in 1179 (Pipe Roll).  In its earliest days it was known for its agriculture and live stock.  After changing over to sheep farming to meet the need for exported wool, the town began to experience rapid growth.  

     In 1331, Edward III prohibited the export of unwashed wool and encouraged weavers from Flanders to settle here and bring their dyeing and weaving techniques to England.  This resulted in large numbers of wealthy landowners among the inhabitants.





English Protestant, Separatist and Pilgrim

BIRTH: c1588 Tenterden, co. Kent

DEATH:  Unknown

WIFE:  Unknown

FATHER:  Peter Ware I

MOTHER:  Unknown


MARRIED: c1610 





1.  Peter Ware III (c1613 co. Kent, England-Bet 16 Sep 1657-10 Sep 1659 Hampton Parish, York Co. VA).  In 1647 Peter was an attorney for Robert Lewis in York Co., VA.  In 1675, Peter Ware IV sells land in Queen’s Creek, Hampton Parish, York Co., VA to Nathaniel Bacon in which he identified the land as having belonged to his father, "Peter Ware". Mary Hickes was identified in a 1659 Orphan’s Court document as the widow of Peter Ware, from this document it appears Mary Hickes maintained her maiden name, which was an old Welsh custom, and was likely of Welsh descent.

2.  Thomas Ware (c1617 co. Kent, England-Aft 1651 New Kent Co., VA). Annapolis Land Records, Thomas Warr in 1651, sells to James Knott, Gent., of Virginia, 200 acres of land which he describes as "the equal half of my plantation which I now live upon at Mattaponys." Side-lights on Maryland history By Hester (Dorsey) Richardson p. 384. Annapolis Wills, shows James Knott, of Nansemond, in Virginia, dated 4 Sep 1651 was witnessed by George White.  Nicholas Ware [spouse of Anne Vassall], at age 21, was a headright for Rev. George White for Lower Norfolk Co., Virginia in 1648.

3.  John Ware (c1619 co., Kent, England-Aft 1655 New Kent Co., VA)  On 11 Aug 1655, Francis Place conveyed 300 acres lying on the North side of the Rappahannock River about ten miles above Nazemum Town [later Isle of Wight] by deed of gift to "My daughter Mary Place when she arrives at 18 years," it was signed Fra. Place his mark. Witnesses were John Ware, Vin. Stanford, John Philips. Mary Place later married Thomas Powell and by 1666, they deeded this land to James Coghill. Thomas Powell's plantation joined John Garrett's in Isle of Wight.  In 1665 Patent Books extracts in the VA State Library (vol. 25, New Kent Co., p. 117), Edward Dennis and Samuel Mottershott acquired five hundred acres of land described as adjoining the land of Capt. Martin Palmer and Edward Diggs. On 6 Jun 1655 Edward Diggs Esq. sold John Hodson and John Garratt three hundred acres in New Kent on the Mattopony River bounded on the corner of Thomas Saunders and Arakeyaco / Arracaico Swamp.

4.  Robert Ware (c1625 co. Kent, England-19 Apr 1699 Dedham, MA) m. Margaret Hunt (c1624-26 Aug 1670 Dedham, MA) Margaret was d/o John Hunt and Hester Seaborne. In Early records of the town of Dedham, Mass. By Carlos Slafter, we find Samuel Bacon, Thomas Eaton, Robert Ware and Comfort Starr on a 1695 tax list side by side.  Comfort Starr arrived with the early settlers of Scituate, Plymouth Colony.  The earliest date at which the name Robert Ware occurs in the Dedham records is 25 Nov 1642, which states: "Robert Weares is Admitted to the purchase of Thomas Eames his house lott and three acres of land."  In 1662 John Eaton and Robert Ware are listed together on a list of petitioners in Dedham, MA.  "Robert Ware the Aged" died at age 74 in Dedham, 19 Apr 1699.  

5.  Nicholas Ware (c1627 co. Kent, England-1663 Rappahannock Co., VA) m. Anne Vassall (c1629 England-Aft 1663 in VA or Barbados). She was the d/o William Vassall and Anne King who were early settlers of Scituate in the Plymouth Colony and later Barbados. At age 21, Nicholas Ware was a headright for Rev. George White for Lower Norfolk Co., VA in 1648. They had sons Nicholas and John who likely settled in Barbados.


   Peter Ware married Catheren Iton [Eaton] on 8 Jun 1612, in Tenterden, co. Kent, England.  There are two sources for this marriage.  The first is, Tenterden Kent Marriages 1597 - 1894, By Peter Smith, and the second is England Marriages, 1538 - 1973, LDS Project: 102150-7 Film: 1737094.  The second source shows Peter Ware and Catherine Iten [Eaton] married on 8 Jun 1613 in Tenterden.  

     At present there is no further information about Peter Ware II, other than his marriage to Catherine Eaton.  This is likely due to the volatile relationship between England and the Separatists, and the excessive force used to suppress nonconforming ministers and their congregation,  It is unknown if he was among those who sought refuge in the Netherlands in 1608, nor has his name been found among those imprisoned for gathering in secrecy in homes and buildings.  

     Possibly due to his young age and being newly married, his involvement may have come a decade later when many of the pilgrims returned to England to make plans to board various ships heading to America.  It was their desire to be left alone to live in a pure and righteous way.  The reasons suggested by William Bradford, when he notes the "discouragements" of the hard life they had in Holland, and the hope of attracting others by finding "a better, and easier place of living"; the "children" of the group being "drawne away by evill examples into extravagence and dangerous courses"; the "great hope, for the propagating and advancing the gospell of the kingdom of Christ in those remote parts of the world" (Wheelwright, 7-8). 

     The following information regarding Rev. Henry Jacob and Rev. John Lothropp was taken in part from: The Roots of the Ancient Congregational Church in London, Scituate, and Barnstable, Rev. John Lothropp, Minister, By Dan R. McConnell, published by the Cape Cod Genealogical Society Bulletin, Fall 2008:

     Several hundred English ministers, known as Separatists and later referred to as Pilgrims, began speaking out against the Church of England.  Pilgrims separated from the Church of England and Puritans purified the Church from within.  On July 6, 1604, the separatists were ejected, silenced, suspended, imprisoned or exiled by King James I.  

     Rev. John Lothropp, initially a Puritan, became sympathetic with the Separatists, and for thirteen years he preached their point of view to an ever growing congregation at Egerton, co. Kent, England.  [Among this congregation was John Hatche who mentions his uncle "Peeter Ware" in his will].  The Separatists point of view became the forerunner to the U.S. Constitution and the Declaration of Independence.

     Rev. Henry Jacob, a Separatist, was a prolific writer, publishing numerous tracts and petitions to both Queen Elizabeth and King James; frequently critical of the Church of England.  He was imprisoned in 1609, and, on his release, fled to Holland, where he took up residence with the congregation of John Robinson, pastor of the Mayflower Pilgrims. 

     Jacob later wrote that he came to agree with Robinson that “a visible church was constituted by free mutual consent of believers joining and covenanting to live as members of a holy society, and that such a church should elect its ministers, elders, deacons, and the congregation should be governed by it’s officers."  

     After returning to England, Rev. Jacob organized the first (non-Anglican) Independent Church in the Southwark borough of London. Robinson's congregation continued to live in Leiden, Holland where religious freedom was practiced, discussed and openly debated.  

     Robinson's group lived and worked together and depended heavily on one another for their survival.  They secretly operated a printing press and were primarily responsible for printing most of the material circulating against the Church of England during that time.  It took several years, but England eventually put enough pressure on Holland to shut them down.     

     Rev. Jacob was no longer licensed by the Church of England due to his outspoken, non-conformist views. As King James famously remarked about such petitions “No Bishop, No King.” Since the King was head of the Church of England, to abolish the Bishops was to deny Royal authority, an act of Treason. King James, however, did agree to the Puritan request for a new English translation of the Bible, known after its publication in 1611 as the King James Version.  

     Rev. John Lothrop has been called one of the five most important ministers to arrive in New England during the Great Migration. In 1624, Rev. Henry Jacob joined Separatists living in Virginia, and Rev. John Lothrop became his successor in London with about sixty members.  The groups private meetings continued for some time, sometimes barely escaping their persecutors.  

     On April 29, 1632, they were discovered by one of bishop Laud's men and forty-two members were apprehended while only eighteen escaped.  Writers on the subject have commented on his arrest, but are deeply saddened by the lack of knowledge of their names.  Rev. Lothrop remained in prison two years until April 1634, and upon his release he removed to Scituate.  Jacob and Lothrop’s church is said to be the closest sister church to Robinson’s congregation, a likely reason why John Robinson’s son, Isaac, joined Rev. Lothrop in Scituate in November 1636.  End

     Both the Ware and Eaton families were deeply connected to the Separatists who migrated from Tenterden, co. Kent, to Scituate.  A large number of these Separatists migrated to Isle of Wight in Virginia to join Rev. Jacob after word of his arrival reached them.  However, upon Jacob's untimely death, they pulled up stakes again and followed the recently arrived Rev. Richard Bennett to his new settlement in Nansemond Co., Virginia.

     The Scituate Separatists, referred to as the "men of Kent," arrived at different times and by different routes.  Many originated in Tenterden, Benenden, Crittenden, Biddenden, Horsmonden, Wye, Cranbrook, Sandhurst, Hawkhurst, Ashford, Goudhurst, Staplehurst, Egerton, Romney Marsh, Old Romney, New Romney, Tonbridge and Chiddingstone, all in Kent, England.  A large number of the group stayed for a short time in Sandwich, co., Kent, before making the long journey. 

     In Lothrop's diary he wrote, "upon January 8, 1634 Wee had a day of humiliation and then att night joined in covenent togeather, so many of us as had beene in covenenaunt before."  James Cudworth, a member of Lothrop's London congregation who arrived the year before wrote, "The Lord has bine very gracious... to bringe us oure Pastor whom we long expected -- Mr. Lothrop, who the Lord has brought us in safety."  

     It is thought Lothrop's Scituate group during this time numbered over 210.  These "Men of Kent" continued to arrive over the next four years.  By 1640, the fifty plus households living in Scituate remained a well-defined group and seldom married outsiders.  It is said most of them shared a common genetic heritage prior to their arrival, and this intermarriage between Separatists living in Scituate and Nansemond. 

     Samuel Eaton, son of Richard Eaton, Vicar of Great Budworth, was educated at Oxford, was a prolific pamphleteer and the first nonconformist minister in Cheshire. He took orders under the Church of England, but soon dissented. He first went as minister to West Kirby on the Wirrall, but was suspended by Bishop Bridgeman in 1631, taken prisoner by Bishop Laud and imprisoned at Newgate. He fled to Holland after his release joining others who were living there. 

     Thomas, son of Nathaniel Tilden and Lydia Huckstepp were the parents of Thomas Tilden, Chr. 19 Jan 1618 in Tenterden, Kent, England, according to England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975.  Nathaniel and Lydia settled in Scituate soon after their arrival in 1634 on the Hercules.  

     In Sep. 1634, John Winthrop, Gov. of the Massachusetts Bay Colony,  paid close attention to ships coming and going in the Boston Harbor.  He wrote in his journal: "The Griffin and another ship now arriving with about 200 passengers and one hundred cattle.  Mr. Lothrop and Mr. Simmes, two godly ministers coming in the same ship."  Both the Griffin and the Hercules were carrying members of Lothrop's congregation who were headed to Scituate.  According to:  History of Scituate, MA, by Samuel Deane, by September 27th, "a considerable settlement had already been made by 'the men of Kent' who received Mr. Lothrop as a former acquaintance." 

     Nicholas Ware, spouse of Anne Vassall of Scituate, settled in Rappahannock, VA about 1650.  Nicholas Ware's birth year is estimated at 1627 based on ship records showing his wife, Anne Vassall, to be age 6 when she arrived in 1635 with her family.  We know each of her sisters married at the age of 21, so it is believed Nicholas Ware and Anne Vassall married in Barbadoes about 1650.  William Vassall, Anne's father, removed with his family to Barbadoes in 1648, and he died shortly before 31 July 1655.  In 1648, Nicholas Ware, at age 21, was a headright for Rev. George White, for Lower Norfolk Co., VA.  This Nicholas Ware was not the son of Peter Ware, Sr. born about 1613, but he was likely his younger brother.  

     In the book, Early records of the town of Dedham, Mass. By Carlos Slafter, we find the names of Samuel Bacon, Thomas Eaton, Robert Ware and Comfort Starr, listed side by side.  The list was compiled by Comfort Starr, Constable of Dedham, to "collect taxes to defray the towns debt on 16 Dec 1695."  Robert Ware of Dedham was born about 1625.  The earliest date at which the name  Robert Ware occurs in the Dedham records is 25 Nov 1642, which states: "Robert Weares is Admitted to the purchase of Thomas Eames his house lott and three acres of land."  In 1662 John Eaton and Robert Ware are listed together on a list of  petitioners in Dedham, MA.  "Robert Ware the Aged" died at age 74 in Dedham, 19 Apr 1699, his will, made 25 Feb 1698, was proved 11 May 1699.      





English Protestant Separatist, Pilgrim and Emigrant Ancestor

BIRTH: c1613 Tenterden, co. Kent, England

DEATH:  Bfr. 10 Sep 1659 Hampton Parish, York Co., VA

WIFE:  Mary Hickes

FATHER:  Peter Ware II

MOTHER:  Catherine Eaton

WIFE'S FATHER:  Mr. Hickes

MARRIED: c1632 co. Kent, England


DESCENDING SON:  Nicholas Ware I



1.  Peter Ware IV (c1632 co. Kent, England-Bet 1675-23 May 1693 New Kent Co., VA), m. Jane Valentine (c1632 England-Aft. 1693 New Kent Co., VA).  Son and heir, he was appointed Asst. Constable in 1660, and that same year he and Nicholas Ware witnessed a deposition. In 1662 he was appointed surveyor, in 1663 he was listed as a headright with John Garrett and in 1665 he was appointed Constable.  In 1675 he sold land to Hon. Nathaniel Bacon which was will to him by his father, that same year he purchased land in New Kent Co. next to Col. William Claiborne, Edward Cardingbrook and John Ware. This land was also next to Jeremiah Rawlings, John Garrett and Nicholas Ware according to a 1683 patent.

2.  John Ware (c1634 co. Kent, England-Bfr 1704 New Kent Co., VA)  In 1675 John Ware is shown owning property in New Kent Co. adj. Peter Ware, Nicholas Ware and Edward Cardingbrook.     

3.  Thomas Ware (c1636 co. Kent, England-Aft 1682 New Kent Co., VA)  On 26 Feb 1682, he appraised the estate of Thomas Reynolds. In 1637, Thomas Reynolds lived on the south side of the James River next to John Hucks who received 200 acres for transporting John Hodson.  On 6 Jun 1655, John Hodson and John Garrett patented 300 acres in New Kent Co., VA.

4.  Elizabeth Ware (c1638 co. Kent, England-) m. c1663 John Garrett (c1638-) son of John Garrett of Isle of Wight, VA. In 1657, Lt. Col. Robert Abrall was granted 950 acres in New Kent Co., for trans. 19 persons, one of which was Eliza. Ware. In 1664, John Pigg and Robert Abrall were granted 1250 acres in New Kent, and in 1663, George Bryar and Richard Lawrence received 3,000 acres for trans. 60 persons, 3 of which were: Peter Ware, Jno. Pigg and Jno Garrett. Their relationship appears to be based on the 1665 New Kent land grant held jointly by Nicholas Ware and John Garrett.

5.  Edward Ware (c1640 co. Kent, England-Bfr. 1704) is shown in 1673 as an estate appraiser in Hampton Parish, York Co., VA.  He is not charged on the 1704 Quit Rent, and was likely deceased prior to that year. The Edward Ware charged on the 1704 Quit Rent was the son of Nicholas Ware I, charged with 415 acres his father purchased on 29 Nov 1680; 300 acres his father received on 22 Sep 1682; and 20 acres Edward himself purchased on 12 Nov 1700 for a total of 735 acres; this shows Edward received his inheritance while his father was still living.

6.  Nicholas Ware I (c1642 co. Kent, England-Aft 1713)  On 21 Aug 1665, he patented a total of 386 acres with John Garrett in New Kent Co., next to Col. William Claiborne, Edward Cardingbrook and John Ware. According to his son Edward's 1722 patent, Nicholas Ware received a total of 795 acres from Henry Madison. He received 415 acres in 1680 and an additional 380 acres soon after. The 380 acres belonged to Henry's father, John Madison, Sr. of Queen's Creek, York Co., who was living adj. Col. William Taylor. In 1664, John Madison and John Pigg divided a patent of 1030 acres in New Kent. Nicholas appears on the 1704 Virginia Quit Rent Rolls charged with 718 acres. This 718 acres consisted of 536 acres he patented with John Darwood on 23 Apr 1681. The remaining 182 acres was his part of the 386 acres patented with John Garrett on 21 Aug 1665. John Garrett re-patented 204 acres on 26 Apr 1680, adjacent Cardingbrook and Jennings and previously re-patented same on 24 Feb 1675. In a 1713 deed, his son is referred to a Nicholas Ware, Jr., which indicates he was still living at that time. "Grandma's Book" by Eron M. Sharp, dated 1960, states: "Nicholas Ware, the first ancestor who lived in Stratton-Major Parish had married Jenny Garrett, and they settled there in 1665." Nicholas is first mentioned in 1660, when he and his brother Peter signed as witnesses of a deposition given by Francis Carpenter for Thomas Bucke's estate. He and Jenny married about 1667. She was likely the daughter of John Garrett of Upper Norfolk Co., who received 400 acres on 22 May 1642 upon Indian Creek on the Western Branch of the Nansemond River.

7.  FNU Ware (c1644-Bfr 1657) in 1657 Mary Hickes attended Orphan's Court to request division of property of the deceased orphans of Peter Ware to the remaining children.

8.  FNU Ware (c1646-Bfr 1657) in 1657 Mary Hickes attended Orphan's Court to request division of property of the deceased orphans of Peter Ware to the remaining children.


     In 1620, Edwin Bennett, an influential citizen of London, established a settlement called Nansemond located near Isle of Wight, VA.  That same year his nephew, Rev. Richard Bennett, arrived aboard the "Seafloure" with his brother, Rev. William Bennett, and Mrs. Utie and her son John.  The Rev. Thomas Harrison also labored with them.  

     Nansemond soon became the great center of the dissenting idea, and was most influential in the propagating of the views of the non-conformists and dissenters.  Rev. Richard Bennett and his group of Puritans moved from Isle of Wight Co. to Nansemond Co. shortly before 1635.  

     Rev. William Bennett was succeeded by Rev. Henry Jacob.  On June 3, 1635, Rev. George White, Robert Newman and Richard Bennett, along with others, patented hundreds of acres along the Nansemond River.  Early neighbors living along Indian Creek in Nansemond County were:  Thomas Powell, James Long, Hugh Sanders, John Bryan, John Garrett, William Powell and William Scott.   

      In 1628 Richard Bennett arrived to manage "Bennett's Welcome" in Isle of Wight, his uncle Edward Bennett's estate. By 1640, he had thousands of acres in both Virginia and Maryland and imported over 600 settlers, mostly Puritans.  He was also successful in recruiting three Puritan ministers from Plymouth to Upper Norfolk Co., VA, and in 1646 he organized a mercenary Puritan army to assist the exiled governor of Maryland, Leonard Calvert. Many of these mercenaries remained in Maryland and became the vanguard of a vast Puritan migration to that colony between 1648-1650.  Bennett's commercial and political connections included William Claiborne of Virginia and Maurice Thompson, a London merchant, allowing him to engage in profitable commerce between Virginia, Maryland, England and the Netherlands.  

     Thomas Hatche and Joane Brissenden of Tenterden, co. Kent, were the parents of Winifred Hatche, wife of 1. Richard Wills 2. Stephen Hatherly and 3. Stephen Huckstep.  Her brother John Hatche married Dorothy Philpott.  Sarah Tilden, daughter of Nathaniel Tilden, [son of Thomas Tilden and Alice Biggs], and Lydia Huckstep, [daughter of Stephen Huckstep and Winnifred Hatch], married George Sutton in 1635 in Scituate, Plymouth Colony.  Their son Nathaniel Sutton married Deborah Austin in Nansemond Co., Virginia on 12 Aug 1668. 

     Upon Nathaniel Tilden’s marriage to his second wife, Elinore Hubbard, he became stepfather to Robert Cushman, the London based agent of the Leyden Pilgrims.  William Bradford, the first governor of the Plymouth Colony, had once lived in Amsterdam with the separatists. He married Dorothy Maye, a cousin of Martin Maye of Old Romney who is mentioned in the will of John Hatche.  

     On 23 Dec 1714, John May, Robert Farish and John Pigg patented 2,000 acres in a fork of the Mattapony River in New Kent Co.  A John May was born c1668 in Scituate, Plymouth Colony and married Anne Warren on 8 Apr 1712, however, he died on 3 Jun 1754 in Plymouth, Plymouth Co., MA, so the Virginia John May was likely from another branch of this family.   

     William Claiborne, also from Kent, named his Maryland settlement, "Kent Island," and later named his settlement in Virginia "New Kent" Co.  A New Kent Co. deed shows William sold a portion of this property, "to Peter Ware [Jr.] and making a "free gift" of 100 acres to Matthew Jennings, chirurgeon,"  according to Virginia Patent Bk. 7, p. 77 dated Apr. 23, 1681.  In William Claiborne of Virginia: with some account of his pedigree By John Herbert Claiborne, the following is written, "As for Claiborne, he was a Church of England man, and affiliated himself with the Puritans."  

     William Claiborne served with Richard Bennett of Nansemond on the Puritan Commission appointed to bring the colonies of Maryland and Virginia into line during the Cromwell Protectorate.  With the restoration of Charles II to the English throne, the influence of the puritan movement in England and in Virginia diminished. Most of the remaining Puritans became Quakers, particularly after the visit of George Fox and Wiliam Edmundson in 1672. 

     A known convert of Edmundson and Fox was Richard Bennett, and many surmise William Claiborne became a convert at that time as well.  George Fox in his journal writes of Bennett, "He was a solid wise man, received the truth and died in the same, leaving two Friends his executors.  As the history of the Eastern Shore unfolds, we discover Puritans and Pilgrims from England, New England and New Netherlands, as well as Quakers and Presbyterians, were setting their sights on the Eastern Shore to practice their faith unmolested.  

     The Mayflower Compact was signed by the Pilgrims from Holland and others who joined them on the Mayflower who were referred to as "strangers".  John Carver, William Bradford, Edward Winslow, William Brewster, Isaac Allerton, Miles Standish, John Alden, Samuel Fuller, Christopher Martin, William Mullins, William White, James Chilton, John Craxton, John Billington, Richard Warren, John Howland, Steven Hopkins, Edward Tilly, Francis Cook, Thomas Rogers, Thomas Tinker, John Rigdale, Edward Fuller, John Turner, Francis Eaton, Moses Fletcher, Digery Priest, Thomas Williams, Gilbert Winslow, Edmond Margeson, Peter Brown, Richard Bitteridge, Richard Clark, Richard Gardiner, John Allerton, Thomas English, Edward Doten, Edward Liester, John Goodman and George Soule.

     In 1616, upon his return to London, Jacob formed the first Independent Church of England with the following initial members.  They continued to meet in secret, mainly in the homes of members:  John Allen, Thomas Allen, Mrs. Allen, Brother Arnold, Thomas Arundel, Mary Atkin, William Atwood, Praise God Barebone, Sarah Barebone, Mrs. Barnett, Mr. Bates, William Batty, Humphrey Barnard, Richard Blunt, Rice Boy, Richard Browne, Daniel Chidley, Mrs Chitwood, Brother Cradock, James Cudworth, Abigail De Lamar, Elizabeth Denne, Mrs Digeby, Henry Dod, Sister Dry, Brother Dupper, Thomas Dyer, Samuel Eaton, John Egge, Edward Farre, Joan Ferne Widow, John Fenner, John Flower, Mr. Gibs, Mr. Glover, Henry Goodall, Ralph Grafton, Wm Granger, Brother Green, Mary Greenway, Mrs Hammond, Jane Harris, Thomas Harris, William Harris, Widow Harvey, Saml Howes, Peninah Howes, John Ireland, Henry Jacob, Sara Jacob, Henry January, William Jennings, John Jerrow, Henry Jessey, Sarah Jones, Thomas Jones, Manasses Kenton, William Kiffin, Mr Laberton, Mrs Laberton, John Lothropp, Robert Linnell, Mrs. Linnell, Mrs Lovel, Mark Lucar, John Melbourne, Elizabeth Melbourne, Mabel Melbourne, Brother & Sister Morton, Widow Norton, Henry Parker, Henry Penn, William Pickering, Mary Price, David Prior, Stephen Puckle, John Ravenscroft, Robert Reignolds, William Russell, Elizabeth Sergeant, Thomas Sheppard, Roger Smith, John Spencer, Sabine Straismore, Mrs Swinerton, Toby Talbot, William Throughton, John Trask, Katherine Treadwell, Richard Treadwell, John Trimber, Hugh Vessey, Joshua Warren, Widow White, G. Wiffield, Benjamin Wilkins, Thomas Wilson, Phyllis Wilson, Susan Wilson, Alice Wincoop, Rebecca Wincoop, Elizabeth Wincoop, John Woodwin.  

     Names mentioned in early Virginia, Scituate, Barnstable and Dedham are:  Bacon, Biggs, Bird, Briggs, Brown, Bryant, Buck, Chambers, Clapp, Coleman, Cooke, Curtis, Ford, Foster, Garrett, Gilson, Hall, Hayward, Hill, Holmes, Huckstep, James, King, Lewis, Mayo, Mitchell, Morris, Osborne, Palmer, Payne, Pierce, Rawlins, Robinson, Rogers, Sayer, Smith, Sutton, Tilden, Turner, Vassall, Ware, Williams, White and Wood.  

     On Apr. 16, 1683, Mr. William Sayer patented 550 acres in New Kent Co. on the north side of the Mattaponi River beginning at Mr. Nicholas Ware's path; by John Taylor; to Meade's Corner; adj. Mr. Hall; Mr. Robert Hill and Mr. Henry Biggs; by Chiscake Path, to Mr. Light; Crossing Bridge Br. to Mr. Nicholas Ware.  (Cavaliers and Pioneers, Pat. Book 7, Pg. 262).  

     On  Aug. 9, 1693, William Todd and Ignatius Turner witnessed the will of Samuel Huckstep of Stratton Major Parish, King and Queen Co.; both Huckstep and Turner were from Scituate.  

     In 1647, Peter Ware [Sr.] was attorney for Robert Lewis in a case involving William Todd.  

     In  Nell Marion Nugent's Cavaliers and pioneer, Abstracts of Virqinia Land Patents and Grants, 1632-1666, John Garrett and Nicholas Ware, received 386 acres in New Rent, Virginia, on Aug. 21, 1665. This land was located on the northside of the Mattapony River for transporting eight persons: Sarah Dibdall [wife of Rev. John Dibdall of Surry Co.] Jim White [probably related to Rev. George White], Rowland Lurs, William Bryan, La. Boucher, Fran Cooke, Agnes Buck [probably related to Isaac Buck of Scituate who purchased a house once belonging to Resolved White, brother-in-law of Nicholas Ware].  

     In 1660 Peter Ware, Jr. and Nicholas Ware witnessed a deposition given by Francis Carpenter for Thomas Bucke's estate.   

    On 24 Sep 1647, Peter Ware, James Besouth, Philip Walker, William Coxe appraised estate of Robert Jackson, deceased.  Appraisal of other property of Robert Jackson was signed by Peter Ware. (Beverly Fleet, VA. Colonial. Abstract 25, York Co. Page 37, 53)  James Besouth was the brother of Elizabeth Besouth who married Richard Harrison.  Richard Lee is assignee of Robert Bouth (also called Besouth) for 357 lbs. tobacco. (Beverly Fleet, VA Colonial Abstract, York Co., Vol. 25, Page 57)  

     On 16 Sep 1657, Gervase Dodson patented 5200 acres in Westmoreland for transporting 2200 persons, two of which were Mary Hix and Peter Ware (Cavaliers and Pioneers, Patent Book 4).  In May 1660, Gervase Dodson was among a group of Quakers apprehended and made to appear before the court.  Before his death, Dodson was publicly whipped for being caught at a house at night with several Quakers.  He was charged with plotting against the Crown.  The home owner was fined an extreme sum, and a book “Perkins & His Works” was confiscated. 

     In his lifetime, William Perkins, born 1558, attained enormous popularity, with sales of his works eventually surpassing even Calvin's. From his position at Cambridge, Perkins was able to influence a whole generation of English churchmen.  John Robinson, the founder of congregationalism in Leiden and pastor of the group which went on to found the Plymouth Colony, was one of his pupils.

     On 25 Sep 1657, Richard Russell received 1,000 acres in Northumberland Co. about William Presley and adj. Gervase Dodson and towards Col. Claiborne for Trans. Of 20 persons, one of which was Richard Eaton.  On 8 Dec 1653 John Hunt and Thomas Harwood were administrators of the estate of John Eaton.





    In the History of Scituate, we find owners of the ship "Hercules" to be: Dr. Comfort Starr, John Witherley, Nathaniel Tilden, Joseph Osborne, and William Hatch.  John Witherley, the ship's master, left out of Sandwich, Kent, England, headed to New England.  The Hercules arrived at MA Bay in the Spring of 1635 with the following passengers:


Jonas Austen of Tenterden, wife Constance, son Jonas, dau. Lidia and Mary and child
James Bennett of Tenterden, Tilden servant 
Thomas Besbeech of Sandwich, dau. Mary, Alice and Elizabeth
John Best of Canterbury / Sandwich, Tailor 
Thomas Bonney of Sandwich, Shoemaker
Thomas Brigden of Faversham, Husbandman, wife Mrs Brigden and 2 children 
Robert Brooke Maidstone, Mercer, wife Anne, sons Thomas, Samuel, John, dau. Elizabeth and Dorothie
Thomas Champion of Ashford
Isaac Cole of Sandwich, Carpenter, wife Joan, son Issac, dau. Jane or Anne, child
Sarah Couchman, Tilden servant
Samuel Dunkin of Ashford, Starre servant 
Jane, Sarah and John Egelden, children with Thomas Besbeech
Edward Ewell, Sandwich, shoemaker
Edward Ford, Tenterden, Tilden servant 
Abraham and James Gallant, children with Brooke family
Parnell Harris of Bow, in London
William Hatch, Sandwich, Merchant, wife Jane, sons Walter, John and William, dau. Anne, and Jane
Thomas Heyward, Aylesford, Tailor, wife Susanna, sons Thomas, John, dau. Elizabeth, Susan and Martha
Samuel Hinckley of Tenterden, wife Sarah, dau. Susan, Sarah, Mary, Kinswoman: Elizabeth Hinkle, niece of Samuel
William Holmes, Sandwich, Hatch servant 
Edward Jenkins, Tenterden, Tilden servant 
Robert Jennings, Sandwich, Hatch servant 
Margaret Johnes, Sandwich Wife of William Johnes, painter
Joseph Ketchell / Ketchrell of Sandwich, Hatch servant 
Thomas Lapham, Tilden servant
John Lewis, Tenterden, wife Sarah, son Lewis, dau. Sarah
Agnes Love, Besbeech servant
Emme Mason, widow of Eastwell
Neuley Thomas of Ashford, Besbeech servant 
Joseph Pacheing [Patchen] of Ashford, Besbeech servant 
Marie Perien, Tilden servant
Anne Richards, Witherell servant
Joseph Rootes of Great Chart 
James Sayers of Northbourne, Tailor
Comfort Starre of Ashford, Chirurgeon, sons Thomas, Comfort and dau. Mary, 3 servants
George Sutton of Tenterden, Tilden servant 
Symon Sutton, Hatch servant
Nathaniel Tilden, Tenterden, Yeoman, wife Lydia, sons Joseph, Thomas, Stephen, dau. Marie, Sara, Judith and Lidia.
Rose Tritton, Cole servant of Ashford
John Turkey of Ashford, Starre servant 
Lidia Wells, Hatch servant
Wines Faint-Not of Ashford Hemp-dresser 
William Witherell, Maidstone, Schoolmaster, wife Mary, sons: Samuel, Daniel and Thomas
Fannett (last name unknown) of Ashford, hemp-dresser.  





     From English Origins of New England Families from the New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Volumes I-III, Genealogical Publishing Co, Inc: Baltimore, 1984.  Vol. I, p. 245, we find that many of those on board the Hercules were family and close friends of John Hatch / Hatche of Tenterden, co. Kent, England as shown below:

     The Will of John Hatche of Tenterden in the County of Kent, yeoman, 23 March 1628/9. To my wife Dorothy Hatch 100 pounds, wearing apparel, plate, furniture, cattle, poultry, grain, cloth, and all my books. To my brother William Hatch's children as follows: to his second son Thomas Hatch 10 pounds and all sums he owes me, and at his death to all his children 50 pounds equally divided, at twenty-one. To his now youngest son William Hatch 50 pounds, and if he die before receiving his legacy reversion to his children at twenty-one, equally divided. To his daughter Elizabeth, wife of Robert Soan of Brasted, 10 pounds, and at her death to her children 40 pounds, equally divided. To his second daughter Judith, wife of Joseph Osborne of Ashford, 60 pounds, and to her son Jeremy Osborne at twenty-one 5 pounds. To his third daughter Margarett, widow of William Wood of Tenterden 20 pounds. To his fourth daughter Mary, wife of William Shusall of New Romney, 22s. To his youngest daughter Anne Hatch 30 pounds at twenty-one, she not to marry without the consent of her brothers John and William Hatch. If she do as her sister Shusall did, without their and my consent, then she shall have only 22s.

     To my sister Winnifrithe's children as follows: To her eldest son Thomas Huckstepp 15 pounds, and to her other son John Huckstepp 30 pounds. If John die, reversion to his sons Stephen and Nathanaell, equally divided, at the age of twenty-one. To her eldest daughter Joane, widow of Robert Numan late of Crayford deceased, 20s. and a silver spoon which I had of Mr. Chapman, and to her children at twenty-one 10s. each. To her second daughter Anne, wife of WIlliam Snatte of Hunton, 20s., and to Anna Snatte her daughter 20s. at twenty-one. To her third daughter Susan, wife of Benjamin Robus of Kennarton, 5 pounds, and to her sons and daughters Thomas Ramkyn, William Ramkyn, and Mary Ramkin, Katherine Robus, Lidia Robus, and Susan Robus 20s. each at twenty-one. 'Alsoe I do giue vnto Lidia Tilden wife of Nathaniell Tilden my sister's Youngest daughter' 10 pounds and to her children Thomas, Joseph, Mary, Sarah, Judeth, and Lidia 20 pounds equally divided, to be paid at twenty-one.

     To my sister Katherine's children as follows: to her eldest son John Dunke 10 pounds and to each of his children 40s. at twenty-one. To her second son, William Dunke, 20 pounds. To her youngest son, Daniel Dunk, 30 pounds. To her daughter Ann, wife of Robert Glover, a silver spoon and to each of her children 40s. each. To Katherine May, daughter of Martin Maye of Ould Romney, that he had by Margaret Donck, my sister Katherine's daughter, 10 pounds. To her daugher, Elizabeth Hubbard, wife of ____ Hubbard, 20 pounds.

     To my sister, Ellynor Chittenden, 22s, and to her children as follows: To her eldest son, Thomas Chittenden 30 pounds, to her second son John Chittenden 50 pounds, to her youngest son, William Chittenden 30 pounds. To her son Nathaniel Chittenden's son, Nathaniel, 20 pounds at twenty-one.

     To my wife's sister's daughter Elizabeth Pargiter a silver spoon and a 'spurr Ryall.' To Peeter Philpott, my wife's brother, a 'spurr Royal' and to Thomas Philpott, her half-brother, 10s.

     To Stephen Huckstep 'my books of Mr. Caluins [Calvin's] sermons upon Galathians.' To Robert Chittenden, 10s. To Nathaniell Tilden, William Snatte, Benjamyn Robus, Robert Glover, Robert son of Joseph Osbane, and Thomas Smith that have married my kinswomen, 10s. each as a token of my love. To Mr. Warren of Sandwich late lecturer of Benenden 3 pounds. 'Alsoe I doe giue vnto Mr. Lotropp late mynister of Eggerton fforty shillings.' To Thomas Brattell my wife's half-brother. To James Willes 10s. and to his wife Mary my wife's brother's daughter 20s. and to their daughter Dorothie Wills 10s. at the age of twenty-one. To brother Peeter Philpott's sons Thomas Philpott of Arundell and John Philpott of Tenterden 5s. each. To Thomas, son of my brother Thomas Philpott of Rochester, 20s. To my uncle Peeter Ware 5 pounds. To John Hatch of Mayfile [Mayfield, Sussex], my brother William Hatch's eldest son, certain household goods [named] and a feather bed which was my own father's. The residue of all my goods to the said John Hatch, sole executor. [Signed] John Hatche Witnesses: Francis Smith, Daniell Benison, and Job Cushman.

     My Will regarding all my lands. My messuage, buildings, and lands in Tenterden on the dens of Elarinden, Ealvinden, Shrobcot, Donny, and Preston, and my gardens and lands in Tenterden to John Hatch, son of my brother William, he paying my debts, legacies, and the following annuities: To wife Dorothy 4 pounds a year jointure and a further twenty pounds a year for life. To my brother William Hatch's son Thomas and his daughter Elizabeth Soane 4 pounds a year each for liffe. To Joane Numan, sister Wynifrith's daughter, 40s. a year for life. 'To Liddia Tilden wife of Nathaniell Tilden forty shillings a yeare during the tearme of her naturall life.' To Anna wife of Robert Glover, my sister Katherine's daughter, 40s. a year for life. If John Hatch die before the legacies be paid, my loving cousins John Huckstepp, William Hatch, William Donck, and John Chittenden to sell my lands on the dens of Donny and Shrobscot, and to each of them for their pains 10 pounds : After the legacies and annuities are paid, the remainder of the money to John Hatch, son of my said cousin [nephew], John Hatch. [Signed] John Hatch Witnesses: Fraunces Smith, Daniell Benison, and Job Cushman. Record of probate unfinished. (Consistory of Canterbury, Vol. 49, 279)






BIRTH:  c1642 co. Kent, England

DEATH:  Aft 1713 New Kent Co.

WIFE:  Jenny Garrett

FATHER:  Peter Ware III

MOTHER:  Mary Hickes

WIFE'S FATHER:  John Garrett

MARRIED: c1667 in New Kent Co.





1.  Edward Ware b.  c1678 d. Aft 1744, is identified as the son of Nicholas Ware I in 1722 when he re-patents land his father patented on 29 Nov 1680.  The Virginia 1704 Quit Rent shows he was charged with 735 acres in King and Queen Co. VA.  This includes two of his fathers patents; 415 acres on 29 Nov 1680 from Henry Madison, and 300 acres on 22 Sep 1682 for 6 headrights.  The remaining 20 acres were purchased by Edward on 12 Nov 1700, giving him a total of 735 acres.  This reveals Edward received his portion of his father's estate during his father's lifetime. From 1740-1744, he was granted a license to keep an ordinary near Conway's Warehouse in Caroline Co., his brother Nicholas provided his security for several license renewals.  

2.  Nicholas Ware II b. c1686,Stratton Major Parish, New Kent Co., VA d. 1744 St. Mary's Parish, Caroline Co.  An Essex Co. patent dated 6 May 1713, identifies him as Nicholas Ware, “Jr.”  of Stratton Major Parish, indicating his father was still living in 1713.  A 1722 deed names his brother Edward as the son of Nicholas Ware, this deed states Nicholas Ware purchased land from Henry Madison in 1680.  A 1713 Essex Co. patent identified him as "Nicholas Ware, Jr." of Stratton Major Parish, King & Queen Co.; this 1713 patent was from Richard Long for 5 shillings, [the 5 shillings denotes a "token" sum, and he was likely his father-in-law].  This land was adj. William Harrison, Samuel Elliott, John Buckner and John Long. A 1734 Caroline County court ordered him to assist with building a new road.  He was to have Gabriel Long, [son of Richard who m. Margaret Harrison], John Holloway, Nicholas Ware, Jr. and John Garrett's people to assist. In 1727 John Buckner of Essex Co. sold him 310 acres near Ware's bridge, adj. Golden Vale Swamp, John Holloway and Persimmon Branch. In 1728 he was granted 1000 acres in the fork of the Rapidan River in St. George's Parish, Spotsylvania Co., VA; he sold 500 acres in 1733, and the other 500 acres in 1740 to Jeremiah Rawlings.  A land deed shows a Jeremiah Rawlings, dec’d, lived next to Nicholas Ware in New Kent Co.  In 1741 Nicholas was appointed Constable in Caroline Co., and the same year he and John Dillard proved the will of William Harrison. In 1744 he mentions in his will his sons Edward and Nicholas; John Dillard is identified as the writer.


     Edward Ware b. c1700, son of Valentine Ware, Jr.,  married Lucy [Powell or Sanders], who in 1748 was appointed executor of his estate.  Her securities were James Powell and Silvanus Sanders.  After Edward's death, she married Col. James Lindsay b. 1700 d. 12 Apr 1782, of Caroline Co., widow of Sarah Daniel b. bfr. bap. 23 Feb 1704 d. bet. 15 Jan 1747-1750, d/o William Daniel and Mary Williams.  William Daniel gave James Lindsay "my son-in-law" 116 acres purchased of William Berry.  On 8 Feb 1751, James Lindsay was appointed guardian for Mary, orphan of Edward Ware.  Edward purchased land in 1744 in Orange Co. from Richard Mauldin, which was sold in 1770 by Elizabeth and Jane, children of his brother Henry Ware.

     Henry Ware, b. c1708 d. 7 Oct 1750/7 Dec 1750 King George Co. VA, son of Valentine Ware, Jr. and brother of the aforementioned Edward, married [Elizabeth or Jane] Markham Aft. 6 May 1727.  His 1750 will names his brother John and son Markham b. 1735 King George Co., VA d. 1831 Gosport, Indiana.  Markham married Clara Lindsay, niece of Col. James Lindsay who married Lucy, widow of his brother Edward Ware.  Col. James Lindsay was widow of Sarah Daniel bap. 23 Feb 1704 d. 1747-Abt 1750, d/o William Daniel and Mary Williams.  Mary's father, Robert Williams, of Essex, made deed of gift to his step-children, "when my son-in-law William Daniel shall see fit." on 16 Aug 1715.  In 1739 Henry was living in Constable James Pickett’s Orange Co. precinct south of the Robinson River with 3 tithes.  In 1770 Henry's daughters, Elizabeth and Jane, are identified when property in Orange Co. was sold with their brother Markham Ware. His brother Edward Ware originally purchased this same property from Richard Mauldin in 1744. 

      Information helping to identify three sons of Valentine Ware, Jr., came from Pamunkey Neighbors by Sam Sparacio.  An abstract of the will of Henry Ware of King George Co., VA, dated 7 October 1750, mentions son Markham and leaves him lands in Goochland Co., the other children are not named. His wife and brother John Ware are named executors.   In 1749 Henry Ware of Hanover Parish, King George Co., VA bought 170 acres on Tuckahoe Creek, Goochland Co., Deed Book 6, page 39.  Henry’s will also mentions land in Orange Co. to be divided among his children.  Later his children, Markham, Jane and Elizabeth, sell this property, and the description is identical to land purchased in 1744 by Edward Ware, spouse of Lucy, from Richard Mauldin.



1660 - Peter Ware [Jr.] and Nicholas Ware signed as witnesses of a deposition given by Francis Carpenter, for Thomas Bucke's estate.  (VA State Library Archives, York Co. Records 1659-1662).

1665 - 21 Aug, John Garrett & Nicholas Ware patented 386 acres in New Kent on the N. side of the Mattapony River upon head branches of Hartequack Sw., beginning at mouth of Cattaile Branch & crossing Wolfe Branch. Trans. of 8 pers: Sarah Dibdall, Tim. White, Rowland Lurs., (?), Sa. Boucher, Wm. Bryan, Fran. Cooke, Agnes Buck, James Haines. (Cavaliers and Pioneers, Vol. I, Page 476).

1671 - 16 Jun,  John Darwood and Nicholas Ware patented 536 acres in New Kent Co., Stratton Major Parish, bet. the branches of Piankatank Swamp and the Mattaponi.  300 acres for Darwood and 200 for Ware for transporting 11 persons.  (Williamsburg Historical Research Center).

1680 - 29 Nov, Henry Madison sold Nicholas Ware 415 Acres in New Kent Co., Stratton Major Parish, on the south side of Dragon Swamp at the mouth of Timber Branch.  Note:  Edward, son of Nicholas Ware, received this land in a patent dated 22 Jun 1722, included in a patent of 815 acres in Stratton Major Parish, King and Queen Co., VA.

1681, 23 Apr, Nicholas Ware patented 536 acres in New Kent Co., Stratton Major Parish upon Assatiams branches, according to bounds formerly made by Col. William Cleyborne (sic); beg. in Michell's line; adj. John Durwood (sic); Griffin Lewis &c.  Trans. of 11 pers. "eleven rights recorded under Jno. Dorwoods (sic) and Nico. Wards (sic) old pattent is good to Richd. Ward and used for this pattent.".  Note:  This was 10 years after the 1671 patent for 536 acres. (Cavaliers and Pioneers, Patent Book No. 7, Page 218) .

1682 - 22 Sep, Nicholas Ware 300 acres in New Kent Co., on the north side of the Mattaponi River, adj. land of Jeremiah Rawlins; dec'd, Mr. Edward Cardingbrook; over the Indian Cabin Meadow; by br. of Tassatians Creek by John Ware and Griffin Lewis; &c. Trans. of 6 pers.  (Cavaliers and Pioneers, Patent Book 7, Page 242)

1682 22 Nov, Thomas Spencer 220 acres, New Kent Co., beginning at Will Rogers; to Mr. Biggs to the Silk Grass Meadow; to Mr. Nicholas Ware.  (Cavaliers and Pioneers, Pat. Book 7, Page 250). 

1683 - 16 Apr, Mr. William Sayer (Sawyer) 550 acres, New Kent Co. on the north side of the Mattaponi River beginning at Mr. Nicholas Ware's path; by John Taylor; to Meade's Corner; adj. Mr. Hall; Mr. Robert Hill and Mr. Henry Biggs; by Chiscake Path, to Mr. Light; Crossing Bridge Br. to Mr. Nicholas Ware.  (Cavaliers and Pioneers, Patent Book 7, Page 262).

1683 - 29 May, Richard Threddor (Threader) 105 acres in New Kent Co., Stratton Major Parish on the north side of the Mattaponi River, beginning at a branch of Indian Cabin dividing this and land of Nicholas Ware to Jeremiah Rawlins, over Tassasion Swamp; to John Garrett; and Mr. (Edward) Cardinbrooke; on the Iron Rock Bridge for transportation of three persons:  Jon. Fowler, Tho. Hay, James Frier. (Cavaliers and Pioneers, Patent Book 7, Page 264)

1691 - 20 Oct, William Cardwell and William Fenne, 499 acres in New Kent Co. on the north side of the Mattaponi River, but now in King and Queen Co. beg. by Powlcatt Bridge.; by Thomas Meade, by Thomas Browne's just over the bridge by Thomas Maconees; along Eaphraim Rove's to Mr. Henry Biggs; by Mr. Bird's Road; down Ingram's Meadow; to George light to Nicholas Ware.  (Cavaliers and Pioneers, Patent Book No. 8, Page 369).   

1702 - Nicholas Ware - Vestryman, Letter to Ed Protlock for minister. (Stratton Major Parish, King and Queen Co., Vestry Records 1729-1783 by C. G. Chamberlayne).   

1705 - March 13, according to the Stratton Major Parish vestry book, Nicholas Ware was a church warden.

1713 - May 6, Indenture between Richard Long of St. Mary's Parish in Essex Co. and Nicholas Ware, Jr. of Stratton Major Parish, King and Queen Co. for consideration of five shillings lawful money from Nicholas Ware to Richard Long for 171 acres in the parish of St. Mary's in Essex Co., bounding Samuel Elliott, John Buckner, John Long and William Harrison's land.  Witnesses:  William Corrington, Jr., Joseph Edmundson, and James Anderson.  Teste:  Richard Buckner. (Essex Co. Deeds and Wills No. 14, 1711-1716, Reel 6, Pg. 118). 


     On 15 Aug 1711 Henry Ware, b, c1690, son of Valentine Ware, Sr., King and Queen Co., married Margaret Daniel, d. 6 May 1727 per Christ Church Parish Records, Middlesex Co., VA.  An excerpt of the will of her father, Robert Daniel, spouse of Margaret Price Daniel, written 23 Dec 1720, names: wife Margaret, sons Robert, Harry, Garrett, James, daughters Margaret Ware and Jane Segar.  Witnesses were John Bryant, Mary Hunt and John Owens. Source: VA Middlesex Will Book 1713-1734.  Jane Segar married 12 May 1720 Oliver Segar and several years after his death on 26 Mar 1734, she married 15 Aug 1738 Robert Dudley.

     What little we know about Jenny Garrett came from "Grandma's Book" written by Eron M. Sharp, dated 1960:  "Grandma used to tell of her grandfather who died the year that she was born, she had heard much about him.  Robert Ware, born in 1781, was the son of Nicholas Ware and Mary Matthews Ware.  Nicholas Ware was the son of Henry Ware and Martha Garrett who had moved from Caroline County, Virginia to Edgefield County, S.C. as early as 1773, and had moved over into Wilkes County, Georgia, as early as 1776. Henry Ware and several of his sons were active in the Revolutionary War in fighting for American Independence, and his son, Nicholas Ware, as a reward for his part in the war, had received several hundred acres of good land in Lincoln County, Georgia, which formed the nucleus of the Ware property, to which many acres were added in the years to follow.   Mary Matthews Ware, the grandmother of Joseph B. Ware, was descended from another old Colonial Virginia family, the first immigrant of this family being Governor Samuel Matthews, one time Governor of Virginia around 1660. As far as family and pedigree was concerned, the Ware of Lincoln County did not have to bow their heads to anyone.  But they were the kind of people who were not like the "newly rich," having to impress others of their worth.   They were so accustomed and so sure of themselves as to be quite unimpressed with it and to be among the truly big people of the community in a humble and unassuming way.  They were not the richest people of the county, but they ranked among the "top quality" as the negroes used to say of them.  The slaves in the old days were as conscious of the standing of their masters as were the masters, and as proud to belong to "quality folks."  The early Wares of Virginia were devout adherents of the Church of England.  the first ancestors of our line lived in King and Queen County and belonged to Stratton-Major Parish, attending the church there.  A seating plan of this old colonial church shows the Ware pews.  The church was founded in 1665 and members of the Ware family were among the very first communicants.  Several members of the family were vestrymen of the Parish.  Nicholas Ware, the first ancestor who lived in Stratton-Major Parish had married Jenny Garrett, and they settled there in 1665.  A son of theirs, Nicholas Ware, Jr., went up into what is now Caroline County, Virginia, as early certainly as 1713.  He lived in St. Mary's Parish and attended St. Mary's Church.  He died in 1744 in Caroline county, and left two sons named Henry and Nicholas.  Henry and Nicholas Ware, sons of Nicholas of St. Mary's Parish, married sisters, daughters of John Garrett, a relative of some degree of their grandmother Jenny Garrett of Stratton-Major Parish in King and Queen County.  Nicholas married Dolly Garrett and in later life moved to Edgefield County, S.C. where he died, leaving many descendants."    

     In 1787 a man named John Price Posey set fire to the courthouse of New Kent County and burned it completely. He was hanged for his deed, but nothing could restore the Colonial records that told of the early days of New Kent, an enormous county in the 1600's, and the counties that were formed after 1654. These records included those of King & Queen County until 1691, King William County until 1702, Hanover County, Louisa County and Caroline County until 1728. Toward the end of the Civil War a number of counties had sent the records that began after the fire of 1787 to Richmond for safekeeping. These, also, were completely destroyed by fire when Federal forces burned Richmond in April of 1865.  All that remains of this burned county, ravaged by two wars, are a few records collected by Beverley Fleet many years ago, the Quit Rent Rolls of 1704, the priceless abstracts of land patents compiled by Nell Nugent, and the valuable Vestry Book of Stratton Major Parish, transcribed and edited by C. G. Chamberlayne in 1931.

     On 21 Aug 1665, John Garrett and Nicholas Ware acquired 386 acres of land in New Kent Co, (later King and Queen), which lay along Heartquake Creek and the meanders of Wolfe and Cattail Branches on the north side of the Mattaponi River for transporting eight persons to the colony.  (Cavaliers and Pioneers, Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents and Grants 1623-1666, Nell Marion Nugent, Vol 1, p. 476).  In 1675 his brother, Peter Ware, patented land adj. Col. William Claiborne, Edward Cardingbrook and John Ware.  A 1683 deed mentions John Garrett being adj. Mr. Cardingbrook.  This land is centered between the existing King and Queen Co. line and the Mattaponi River, below Courthouse Landing and above Melrose Landing. 

     Nicholas Ware, spouse of Ann Vassall, was deceased by 1662, three years prior to the 21 Aug 1665 patent between John Garrett and Nicholas Ware. The eldest child of Nicholas Ware and Ann Vassall would have been under the age of 21 in 1665, as Ann was age 6 in 1635 per the ship’s log book. Colonial law in America states that full majority was reached at the age of 21 and over to perform unrestricted legal actions such as buying land.  In order for this Nicholas to be her son, Ann would need to become his mother by age 15, while all four of her sisters are known to have married after the age of 21.  It is believe Nicholas Ware, spouse of Ann Vassall, was the younger brother of Peter Ware, Sr., spouse of Mary Hickes.  

     After selling his father’s land in Queen's Creek, York Co., in 1675, Peter Ware, Jr. purchased land next to his brother, in New Kent Co., VA, adj. William Claiborne.  Col. William Claiborne was given command of a militia in 1644, which effectively removed all Indians living at the head of the York River, sending them completely out of the region.  To compensate Col. Claiborne for loss of land in Kent Island (later Maryland), which was taken from him and given to the Calvert's, in 1652, he was granted 5,000 acres at the former site of the Indian town he had annihilated in 1644.  This land was located on the Pamunkey River where it joins the Mattaponi to form the York.      

     In 1722 Nicholas Ware is identified as the father of Edward Ware, and also the Nicholas Ware who purchased land in New Kent Co., Stratton Major Parish, on the south side of Dragon Swamp at the mouth of the Timber Branch from Henry Madison in a deed dated 1680.  Nicholas received a total of 795 acres from Henry Madison; he received 415 acres in 1680, and an additional 380 acres soon after.  The 380 acres previously belonged to Henry Madison's father, John Madison, Jr., of Queen's Creek, York Co., Virginia, who lived adj. Col. William Taylor. John patented 1030 acres in New Kent Co. in 1664 with John Pigg, each receiving 515 acres; Madison researchers believe John Madison, Jr. was deceased prior to 1680.  

     In 1675, thousands of New Englander's were massacred by hostile Indians, and residents of the Virginia Colony became convinced the Indians in their region intended to do the same. The Susquehannock, a powerful tribe that moved into the area, started raiding plantations in the winter of 1676, after an attack by settlers claiming a white servant had been killed by a Doeg Indian. The settlers attacked not only the Doeg’s, but also the Susquehannock. The peaceful Ocaneechee Indians, who continued living on the shore of the Matteponi, were forced to flee after an attack by Nathaniel Bacon in 1676. Bacon was able to rally numerous settlers, and acting without the consent of the colony, captured or killed most of the tribe. The fate of the Susquehannock and the Doeg’s remains unknown.

     Gov. Berkeley ordered him captured, and in September Bacon marched on Jamestown itself and burned the capital to the ground. Bacon died of dysentery the following month, and the rebellion collapsed. After the attack, the remaining tribe members accepted their fate, and their leader, Anne, wife of the slain tribal leader Totopotomi, moved them to the Mattaponi Indian Reservation, located on the south bank of the Mattaponi River in King William Co. The tribe was granted land by the government, which was the only lasting agreement the Indians made with Colonial Virginia.  

       The Indians remained an ever-present threat during this time, but to a lesser degree. Pirates were another threat that plagued the early settlers. Many sought land grants on streams away from the Rappahannock for fear of pirates. The pirates harassed the Virginia coast and inland waters in the interest of Holland, who was at war with England. In 1667, the tip of land protruding into the York River, across from Yorktown, was fortified for the settlers’ protection.     

     The Ocaneechee’s, decimated by disease and massacres, were peaceful by the early 1660’s. Settlers moved to New Kent Co. by traveling up the York River to the mouth of the Mattaponi, continuing past the peaceful Mattaponi Indians, to the narrows of the Mattaponi near Poplar Landing. Stratton-Major Parish established in 1664.  Parish records show the Ware’s as Vestrymen of Stratton Major Parish in New Kent Co. during this time.

     Valentine Ware, Sr. was son of Peter Ware, Jr. according to the following three sources: 1) York Co. Deeds, Orders, Wills, Book 1, 1633-57, 1691-94 - Valentine Ware 23 May 1693 of "King and Queen Co,” by deed of sale, states that he is son and heir to Peter Ware, Jr. and Jane his mother confirming the deed of 1675.   2) Beverly Fleet, Abstracts, King and Queen Co. VA pg. 210 -  Valentine Ware of age on 24 May 1693 when his literate mother Jane Ware of King and Queen Co. testified about the estate of Peter Ware deceased in Hampton Parish, York Co. 26 May 1675.  3) VA Colonial Abstracts, Vol. 6 - Valentine Ware testified on behalf of his mother Jane, who wrote, "I Jane Ware of King & Queen Co., empower my son Valentine Ware to acknowledge for me sale by Peter Ware late of York Co., deceased, land in Hampton Parish, York Co. 26 May 1675 to Honorable Nathaniel Bacon,” signed Jane Ware 24 May 1693.        

     In 1693, Valentine Ware, Sr. (believed to be the spouse of Mary Dudley, daughter of William Dudley and Elizabeth Cary), was appointed executor of the will of Hon./Col. Nathaniel Bacon, son of Rev. James Bacon, Rector of Burgate Suffolk, England, and grandson of Sir James Bacon.  Nathaniel, who died without issue, had been both acting Governor of Virginia and President of the King's Council.  Nathaniel Bacon's estate was quite extensive, owning property in both Virginia and England, and would have been a difficult task to administer for the most experienced.  His estate was originally intended for his cousin, Nathaniel Bacon the rebel, but his cousin's untimely death in 1676, dictated he leave his estate to his niece, Abigail Smith.  Abigail married Major Lewis Burwell II, who provided bond for Valentine while performing his duties as executor.    

     Joanna Burwell, daughter of Major Lewis Burwell II and Abigail Smith Burwell, married William Bassett, Jr., son of William Bassett who married Bridget Cary (believed to be the niece of Elizabeth Cary who married William Dudley).  The Bassett family owned 150 acres in 1639 bounding east and west on the Chichohomony north to Pattococok, York Co., VA (later part of New Kent Co.).  This property was located near Felgate’s Creek, and later became known at “Ringfield” after it was sold to Joseph Ring in 1692/3.  According to the book, “The Hoskins of Virginia and Related Families,” it also bordered property owned by Peter Ware. Sr.  

     During 1678, the royal government, at Jamestown, authorized the construction of the first fort for protection from the Indians to be built on the upper reaches of the Mattaponi River, in what is now present-day Caroline Co. Settlement of all the river valleys in Caroline soon followed. Even before Bacon’s Rebellion diminished the possibility of a savage death by Indians, a brave few ventured across the established frontier into what would become Caroline County. Most were a fiercely independent lot, stubbornly holding on to their homesteads. Flaunting the rule of the English King, they became the first Colonial citizens to sever official ties with Great Britain, making important contributions to the history of the United States.    

     Landowners who controlled vast estates used thousands of African Slaves to till the land, and were opposed to further migration of white settlers. Robert Beverley, a wealthy landowner, instituted crop rotation, made permanent improvement in his fields, imported grapevines from England and developed his own strains of wine, stated to be the best in the colony. He also improved livestock, and his interest in horses was to lay the foundation for horse racing in Caroline Co., Virginia.    

     William Dudley, Sr., Mary Dudley's father, participated in Bacon's Rebellion (he died shortly thereafter). According to the Virginia Historical Magazine - Whitehall, Dec. 22, 1677, "Order of King in Council on Petition of Elizabeth Dudley, widow of William Dudley late of Middlesex County, Virginia, on behalf of herself and her three sons setting forth that her husband was forced to administer Bacon's unlawful Oath, but with a salvo to his allegiance to his Majesty and before he would obtain the benefit of his Maj. Pardon. Sir William Berkeley seized fifteen hogsheads of tobacco to his own use, prays restitution. His Majesty being very sensible that many of his poor subjects there must have suffered many hardships in that calamitous time, and desiring they may be restored to all they can justly lay a claim to orders that said petition and papers annexed be referred to Lords of Trade and Plantations for their report when his Majesty will declare his further pleasure."  

     Mary Dudley and Robert Dudley 1533-1588, whose common ancestor was John Dudley Sutton VI, Knight, Baron, b. 25 Dec 1400, Lord Lt. of Ireland. Robert was a favorite of Queen Elizabeth I, who made him Earl of Leicester in 1564. Son of John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland, he assisted his father in a plan to secure Lady Jane Grey's succession to the throne in 1553. John Dudley had taken great trouble to charm and influence King Edward VI; his powerful position as Lord President of the Council was based on his personal ascendancy over the King.

     However, the young King was ailing. John hurriedly married his son Lord Guilford Dudley to Lady Jane Grey, one of Henry VIII's great-nieces and a claimant to the throne. Edward accepted Jane as his heir and, on his death in 1553, Jane assumed the throne. Despite the Council recognizing her claim, the country rallied to Mary, Catherine of Aragon's daughter and a devout Roman Catholic. Jane reigned for nine days and was later executed, as was her husband in 1554. Robert Dudley was condemned to death when the scheme failed, but later pardoned.    

     Robert Dudley's dashing personality and good looks made him Elizabeth's favorite courtier from her accession in 1558. At one time, Elizabeth considered marrying him had not his wife, Amy Robsart, died under unusual circumstances in 1560. Many suspected Dudley had murdered her, but there was no evidence to implicate him, nor did he lose influence with the queen. He was given Kenilworth Castle, near Coventry, in 1563 and ennobled in 1564.

     Elizabeth later tried to marry him to Mary, Queen of Scots, who rejected the proposal. In 1578, he succeeded in alienating Elizabeth by marrying the widow of the 1st Earl of Essex. Queen Elizabeth never married and became known as the "Virgin Queen," and the namesake for the Virginia Colony.   





BIRTH:  c16486 Stratton Major Parish, New Kent Co., VA

DEATH:  1744 St. Mary's Parish, Caroline Co. VA

WIFE:  Ms. Long

FATHER:  Nicholas Ware I

MOTHER:  Jenny Garrett

WIFE'S FATHER:  Richard Long

MARRIED: c1708 Caroline Co., VA


DESCENDING SON:  Henry Ware, Sr.



1.  Nicholas Ware III, b. 12/29/1709 d. 11/10/1799 m. 1) Sarah Munday b. Abt 1712 m. Bfr. 27 Oct 1739 and 2) Dorothy "Dolly" Garrett b. Abt. 1710 m. Aft. 5 Apr 1750
2.  John Ware, b. c1712 m. Bfr. 1739 Mary Munday, in June 1750, John Ware of St. Stephens Parish King & Queen Co. sold to Richard Jones, Jr. of South Farnham, Essex Co., 30 acres of Essex land adj. to Ridge Rd. the dividing line of said Ware and Jones.
3.  James Ware, 15 Nov 1714 m. Agnes Todd of Gloucester Co. c1735, his son Nicholas b. 8/12/1739 moved to Abbeville, SC, and became known as the “Abbeville” Nicholas. Agnes' surname has been verified by the Ware / Webb Family Bible which states, "James Ware Sr  born Nov 15, 1714  Agnes Todd wife of James Ware Sr was born Dec 20 1714."  It also names each of their children with accurate dates of birth.

4.  Elizabeth Ware, b. c1716 m. Edward Garrett, son of John Garrett and Frances Buckner.  Their son Edward Garrett, Jr. m. Ann West Owsley, and they named a son Nicholas Ware Garrett.
5.  Edward Ware, c1722 m. Lettice "Letty" Powell
6.  Henry Ware, Sr., (Capt.) c1726 m. Martha "Patsy" Garrett, d/o John Garrett and Frances Dudley.


     The eldest son of Nicholas Ware II and Ms. Long was Nicholas Ware III, b. 29 Dec 1709 in Stratton Major Parish, New Kent Co., VA, and d. 10 Nov 1799 in Edgefield Co. VA at age 90.  He married first Sarah Munday and secondly Dorothy "Dolly" Garrett, daughter of John Garrett, and sister of Martha Garrett who married his brother Henry. 

The children of Nicholas Ware and Sarah Munday: 

1.  Henry Ware b. c1744; 

2.  Reuben Ware, born 1746 and died 1803, married Susan Graves.  A letter regarding the lineage of Rueben Ware found in the Ware Family File in the Frankfort Historical Library, Mrs. Leadru Ware Kirby of Missouri states, “Rueben Ware was born in Caroline County, Virginia, moved to Franklin Co. KY and died in 1803. Reuben was born in 1746 and married Susan Graves.” She lists the parents of Reuben Ware as Nicholas and Dolly (Garrett) Ware. Reuben “moved to Kentucky with his sister Sarah Ware Samuel and other Ware relatives to settle in Shelby County.” Their children are listed as Thomas; William; Nicholas; Mary (Polly) who married Rev. George Waller.”  The National Society of Daughters of Founders and Patriots of America, Vol. XXXIV, p. 81, states: Reuben Ware served in the 5th and 9th Virginia Continental Lines and married Susan "unknown."   His father, Nicholas Ware III, was born 29 December 1709 and died 10 November 1799, he married 1) Sarah Munday, daughter of John Munday and Elizabeth Harrison (the mother of his children) and 2) Dorothy “Dolly” Garrett, daughter of John Garrett and Frances Dudley.  In Abstract of Early Kentucky Wills and Inventories, By Junie Estelle Stewart King, the following is written:  Ware, Reuben.  May 1803.  Apprs:  Giles Samuels, Thomas Settle, Daniel Peak; 

3.  Sarah Ware b. c1746 m. William Samuel /Samuels b. c1746 son of Robert Samuel / Samuels and Lucy William / Williams Wilder states, "Sarah Ware, dau of No. Fl. (Edgefield) Nicholas Ware (IV) wife Dolly Garrett Ware) b. in Va. and William Samuel - they went to Kentucky with her brother.";

4.  Robert Ware (Capt) 5 Apr 1750 Caroline Co., VA-4 Nov 1817 Edgefield District, SC m. Margaret "Peggy" Tankersley c1750/1 Caroline Co. VA-22 Dec 1829 Edgefield Co. SC, d/o Joseph and Susannah (Thompson) Tankersley.

     This new information on Nicholas Ware b. 29 Dec 1709 came from The Library of Virginia which has a search engine of their holdings at www.lva.virginia.gov.  Charles "Chuck" Tucker was doing a search for Tucker and found this listing: Ware-Tucker-Turnbull family Bible record, 1709-1930 (microform) and 28126 Miscellaneous reel 445, which contained a wealth of information.

     Sarah Munday, daughter of John Munday, [son of Thomas who died in 1703], and Elizabeth Harrison, daughter of Andrew Harrison and Eleanor [Long] Elliott.  In the will of John Munday dated 27 Oct 1739, St. Ann's Parish, Essex Co. names sons John, Thomas, Joseph, Charles, Harrison [a minor] and Ambrose [a minor].  Daughters were Sarah Ware, Mary Ware, Margaret, Winifred, Tabitha, Wife and Executrix Elizabeth.  On 12 Sep 1735, Nicholas Ware, John Long, Wm. Harrison and John Munday appraised the estate of Baldwin Collown.




     1713 - May 6, Indenture between Richard Long of St. Mary's Parish in Essex Co. and Nicholas Ware, Jr. of Stratton Major Parish, King and Queen Co. for consideration of five shillings lawful money from Nicholas Ware to Richard Long for 171 acres in the parish of St. Mary's in Essex Co., bounding Samuel Elliott, John Buckner, John Long and William Harrison's land.  Witnesses:  William Corrington, Jr., Joseph Edmundson, and James Anderson.  Teste:  Richard Buckner. (Essex Co. Deeds and Wills No. 14, 1711-1716, Reel 6, Pg. 118). 

     1722 - 18 Aug, Larkin Chew of Spotsylvania Co., VA, Gent., to John Spicer of King George Co, VA, 20 lbs. currency for 400 acres land in St. Stephen's Parish, Spotsylvania Co., VA on the north side of the Mattaponi River. Witnesses: Thomas Chew, Francis Hay, Nicholas Ware. (Virginia Co., Records Spotsylvania Co. (1721-1800, Deed Book A, 1722-1729, Page 88) 

     1723 - 28 Oct, Richard Buckner of Essex Co., 4500 acres of land in King and Queen Co. in Drysdale Parish, beginning on a ridge below Mr. (Nicholas) Ware's mill in sight of the main road, corner to Prosser and Pannel, to land of John Hay, deceased on the east side of Deep Run (later Ware Creek).  (Cavaliers and Pioneers, Vol. III, Page 256)

     1727 - 20 Feb, John Buckner of St. Mary's Parish in Essex Co. conveys unto Nicholas Ware of the same Parish 310-1/2 acres in St. Mary's Parish near Ware's bridge adj. John Holloway and Persimmon Branch, Golden Vaile Swamp, for a consideration of 47 lbs., 7 shilling, 4 pence and 1031 lbs. tobacco.  Signed John Buckner.  Witnesses John Rodgers, John Robinson and Francis Hay.  (Essex Co., VA Deed Book 18, Page 322)

     1728 - 28 Sep,-  Nicholas Ware was granted 1000 acres in the folk of the Rappadan River beginning at the white oak standing in the head of Maple Run in St. George's Parish, Spotsylvania Co. VA. (Virginia Patent Book 13, Page 436)

     1733 - May 1, Nicholas Ware of St. Mary's Parish in Caroline Co., for several good causes and considerations, do give to Robert Andress 500 acres in St. Mark's Parish of Spotsylvania Co., part of a tract granted Ware on 28 Sep 1728.  Witnesses, William Phillips, Thomas Sanders.  

     1734 - Caroline Co., VA court ordered Nicholas Ware to assist with building a new road.  He was to have Gabriel Long, [son of Richard Long who married Margaret Harrison], John Holloway, Nicholas Ware, Jr. and John Garrett's people assist.

     1740 - 24 Jul - Nicholas Ware of St. Mary's Parish, Caroline Co. to Jeremiah Rollins (Rawlings) of Drisdale Parish, King and Queen Co., 500 acres in St. Mark's Parish being half of a patent granted to Nicholas Ware 28 Sep 1728, which was sold for consideration of 60 lbs. current money of Virginia.  Signed, Nicholas Ware. Note:  This land was later sold on 12 Mar 1776 by Jeremiah Rawlins of St. Margaret's Parish, Caroline Co. to William Plumer Thruston of Fredericksville Parish, Louisa Co.  500 acres in Bromfield Parish, being the land which Jeremiah Rawlins purchased of Nicholas Ware, late of Caroline Co. and adjoining the land of John Powell, Cornelius Rucker, George Thompson, all deceased, also the land of James Finney and Michael Rice and a tract of land now in the possession of Nathan Underwood.

     1741 - Nicholas Ware was appointed Constable in Caroline Co., VA 

     1741 - Nicholas Ware and John Dillard proved the will of Wm Harrison of Caroline Co., securities were Richard Hampton and Robert Taliaferro.  Wm Harrison was the son of Andrew Harrison and Eleanor Long of St. Mary's Parish, Essex Co., and brother of Margaret Harrison who m. Gabriel Long.  Their son Richard Long m. Elizabeth, daughter of John Garrett and Frances.  Frances is believed to be the sister of Robert Dudley of Caroline Co., VA both children of Robert Dudley of Caroline Co., VA.  

     1744 - Nicholas Ware in his will mentions his sons Nicholas Ware and Edward Ware with John Dillard identified as the writer.



     At this time, there were numerous small patents of land. Small landowners were in a better position to prosper if they were not dependent upon the limited supply of labor. These holders of small grants became affluent members of the ever-growing community. The tobacco business was booming, the English loved the taste of the American tobacco developed by John Rolfe and could never seem to get enough. The higher demand for tobacco required more land to grow, cultivate and harvest the crop.

     Peumansend Creek, is the general location of the original property owned by Nicholas Ware of St. Mary’s Parish, Caroline Co., VA (originally Essex Co.).  This property was located on Goldenvale Creek, which is west of Rt. 17 below Samuels Corner and above Monroe Corner, VA.  Most of the property was located on the now Fort A. P. Hill  (Ambrose Powell Hill), which is currently the active army's premier live fire and maneuver training center on the east coast serving all branches of the armed forces. The Fort A. P. Hill site describes their location as near Bowling Green, VA and 20 miles southeast of Fredericksburg, VA.

     Edward Ware can be traced back to Nicholas Ware of Caroline Co. when Nicholas provided security for him to operate an Ordinary from his home.  In 1748 after Edward’s death, his wife Lucy was ordered by the Caroline Court to have administration of her husband’s estate, James Powell and Silvanus Sanders were her securities.   She later married Col. James Lindsay of Caroline County and Henry Ware's son Markham married Clara Lindsay, James’ niece.  

     Goochland Co. was formed in 1728 from Henrico County, part of the Shire of Henrico in 1634; it was named for Sir William Gooch, lieutenant governor in 1727-1749. Its county seat is Goochland. From its original territory came Albemarle Co., Amherst Co., part of Appomattox Co., Buckingham Co., Campbell Co. Cumberland Co., Fluvanna Co. (formed in 1777 from a chunk of Albemarle Co. was one of the Commonwealth's smallest counties), Nelson Co. and Powhatan Co.

     Peter Ware, b. c1706, was the son of Valentine Ware, Jr.  In his will dated 1741, we learn he had previously received 214 plus acres on Tuckahoe Creek in Goochland Co., VA from his father, which he then wills to his brother Henry [John Ware to be one of his executors].  There are two land patents by Valentine Ware, Jr. which can be seen on-line at the Virginia State Library Archives showing he patented a total of 429 acres in Tuckahoe Creek (Patent 11, pg. 203, dated 9/5/1723 by Valentine Ware in Henrico Co., 262 acres in the fork of Tuckahoe creek on the north side of the James River; and Patent 12, pg. 122, dated 12/10/1724 by Valentine Ware in Henrico Co., 167 acres on the north side of the James River, in a great fork of Tuckahoe Creek. By dividing 429, you have 214 plus acres, the amount each brother received from their father, Valentine Ware, Jr.

     John Ware, son of Peter Ware and Judith Scott and grandson of Valentine Ware, Jr. born ca 1736 and died 1801, married Mary Watson.  He served in the Goochland County Militia in 1777 as Captain.  He was the son of Peter Ware and Judith Scott and the grandson of Valentine Ware, Jr.  He was often referred to as being from "Old Albemarle,” and was one of the first inhabitants of the Seven Islands.   The Buckingham District Battalion was organized in September 1775, using the old independent company of Albemarle as a nucleus. Among the Companies formed from September 1775 to May 1776 was the company of Captain John Ware, Albemarle County, September 1775. The battalion held its first muster near Rockfish Gap in mid-September. Enlistments in the regular service depleted the battalion, and five of its companies were merged into the 2nd Minute Battalion, commanded by Colonel Charles Lewis. He was  named in the will of his father, Peter Ware, which states:  "I give and bequeath unto my son John... half the land I hold in Goochland near the Seven Islands namely half the back land and half the Island when of age."  This land was in the western portion of Goochland and in 1744 it became Albemarle Co. and in 1749 it became Fluvanna Co.  According to the Alexander Brown, Esq. papers held in the Special Collections Department, Swem Library, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia: John Ware from Old Albemarle served in the French and Indian War in 1755.  Cavaliers and Pioneers, Vol. 8 p. 8, shows he received bounty land in KY for his service.  The Will of John Ware of Fluvanna Co., sick and weak…tract of land known as Fork Ordinary may be sold and applied to discharging a debt due the  Commonwealth…land lying in Buckingham which is in dispute (and a suit in chancery now pending between myself and Robert Cary)… sons:  Washington  Ware, Ulysses Ware, John Ware, daughter:  Polly Ware…tract of land known as  Seven Islands whereon I now live.  Exors:  Sons Washington and Ulysses… Made 10 August 1801, Witness:  John Miller, Samuel Glass   Signed/ John Ware.  8 Sept. 1801 produced in court Peter Henry Ware,  Security  Fluvanna WB 1: 223.

     Peter's daughter Jane married Robert Hunter, a deed found in Clarke Co., GA shows that John Hunter of Guilford Co., NC in 1777 leaves a deed of gift to his grandchildren, named in the deed are:  Nancy Ware, John Ware, Pauline Ware, Jane Ware, Samuel Scott Ware, Alexander Harrison, Rachel Ware Hunter and John Ware Hunter.  From this it appears Henry Ware, Judith's brother, married Nancy Hunter and had Nancy, John, Pauline, Jane and Samuel Scott.  Nancy was named after his wife, John after his brother, Pauline after his half-sister (Pauline Jordan who married John Cabell), Jane after his sister, and Samuel Scott Ware after his stepfather, Samuel Jordan, and of course his mother's maiden name.  Jane named her children Rachel Ware Hunter, most likely after Robert's mother, and John Ware Hunter after his father.

     A few citizens enjoyed the income from established plantations, but many were still in the process of carving out a meager existence in the wilderness. Half the county was landless, being slaves or white indentured servants. The population of 5,000 was scattered over 350,000 acres. Settlers had one thing in common, tobacco, there were no towns, few churches, and three small trading centers, and many did not even know their neighbors. In 1732 a road opened designed to roll oxen-pulled hogheads packed with tobacco, hitched to an axle drum through the center, and tobacco began to roll towards the river.

     Valentine’s father-in-law, Col. William Leigh, was born about 1654 in York Co. and married Mary Green, believed to be the daughter of Charles Green and Elizabeth Iverson. He had been a King and Queen Co. Burgess and Militia Capt., Col. and Commander in Chief, and a member of the August Virginia Council, and the first Judge of the Admiralty Court of VA. In 1703, he was chairman of the VA House of Burgesses. He lived on a branch of the York River and had to cross the York to get to Williamsburg, the seat of VA government. Land patented by Lea from 1682-1699 was in St. Stephens Parish, in King and Queen, except for a large grant in Essex Co.

     In 1705, Lea's 6,200 acres, was inherited by his son John, who married Ann Taylor. Elizabeth, John’s daughter, married Zachary Taylor and was the president’s grandmother. His son, William, married Frances Major, and their daughter Sarah married George Penn, brother of John Penn, whose grandson, John Penn, signed the Declaration of Independence.

     After her husband’s death, Mary Leigh and her sons-in-law, Valentine Ware, and William Haines, obtained two patents in King and Queen Co. on 2 May 1705.  The first for 600 acres (land patent book 5, pg. 488, and book 9, pg. 657), and the second for 260 acres (deed K&Q 1731-1).  This land was originally New Kent Co. adjacent Peter Ware, Jr., which he bought from Col. William Claybourne.  On 4 Dec 1714, William, son of Col. William Leigh, purchased 100 acres in King and Queen Co. from Thomas Ware, deceased, located next to John Madison’s Mill North of the Mattaponi River in St. Stephens Parish (Land Patent Book 10, pg. 214 Virginia State Library).

     According to "Old Churches, Ministers, and Families of Virginia", by Bishop Meade, Page 376, Article XXXIII. The following list of vestrymen in Stratton Major Parish, commencing in 1739, will show who were the leading men in all the civil and ecclesiastical matters of the parish and county: Richard Roy, Richard Johnson, Henry Hickman, Edward Ware, Thomas Foster, Thomas Dudley, John Collier, Gawin Corbin, Valentine Ware, Roger Gregory, Richard Anderson, John Robinson, Benjamin Needler, Robert Dudley, John Livingston, Robert Gaines, Philip Roots, John Ware, Richard Shackleford, William Taliafero, John Strakey, William Lyne, Charles Collier, Thomas Thorpe, Thomas Langford, John Shackleford, John Foster, Philip Roots, Francis Gaines, John Whiting, Thomas Reade Roots, John Whiting, James Prior, Thomas Dillard, Lyne Shackleford, Hon. Richard Corbin, William Hall, John Taylor Corbin, Benjamin Robinson, Humphrey Garrett, Richard Bray, James Didlake, Philip Taliafero, Lyne Shackleford, Jr., Thomas Dillard, John Kidd.

     In "Wingfield's History of Caroline County, Va." by Marshall Wingfield, the following is written: "Some counties contained several parishes, and some parishes embraced more than one county.  The law required that churches be so situated that all inhabitants might attend them without any great inconvenience, and as a result churches were found on an average from ten to fifteen miles apart, according to the density of population.  The parish vestry consisted of twelve of the most prominent and substantial men of the parish, and divided with the court the responsibility for the public welfare of their respective communities". 

     In 1739, Nicholas Ware II appraised the estate of Thomas Powell of Caroline Co., Tyler Abstracts, p. 51, he is believe to be closely related to Letitia Powell who married Edward Ware.  

     In 1740 Nicholas Ware II of St. Mary's Parish Caroline Co. sold to Jeremiah Rollins of Drysdale Parish, King and Queen Co., 500 acres in St. Mark's Parish being half of a patent granted to Nicholas Ware 28 Sep 1728, which was sold for consideration of 60 lbs. current money of Virginia.  Deed Book 4, pg. 178.

     In  1741 - Nicholas Ware II was appointed Constable in Caroline Co., VA.  Source: Early Ware's in Virginia, obtained from the Historical Society, Richmond, VA.  The sheriffs were assisted by county court appointed constables, one per district. The constable's duties included serving as bailiff, enforcing the law, and maintaining order.  They collected fines for small offences, whipped criminals, arrested violators of the revenue laws, accompanied those who searched places suspected of containing smuggled goods, and had sole charge of runaway sailors, servants and slaves.  To these were added the duties of visiting tobacco fields and destroying all inferior growths, such as "seconds" or "suckers," the killing of stray dogs, and superfluous dogs about the "quarters," and the execution of the game laws.  It was an unpopular job, since it involved enforcing some highly unpopular laws. The constable served no set term, but rather served until he resigned, moved, died, or was fired. There was a fairly high mortality rate among Virginia constables. Most Caroline constables either resigned or were fired for not enforcing a law.  The constable's fees, like the fees of many other officers of that period, were paid in tobacco, for summoning a witness, five; for summoning coroner's jury and witnesses, fifty; for putting person in the stocks, ten; for whipping a person, ten; and for removing from the parish any person suspected of becoming a public charge, two pounds for every mile traveled going and returning.  He also received one pound of tobacco out of the county levy for each titheable in his precinct, and was exempt form payment of taxes, and from jury service, while in office.

     In 1744, the Last will and Testament of Nicholas Ware II, deceased, was presented in Court by Nicholas Ware [his son], and others therein named who made oath thereto according to Law and being further proved by the oaths of John Dillard, Benjamin Harrison, and Nathan Hall, witnesses thereto and ordered to be recorded by John Dillard, the writer of the will of Nicholas Ware, (who) made oath that the Intention of the Testator was to Leave the negro woman he had lent to his wife during her widowhood to his son Edward during his life, and also the other two negroes, Ben and Sarah. Caroline County, VA, Order Book, 1740-1746, pg. 349. 

     James Ware, son of Nicholas Ware II, and his wife Agnes Todd were the great great grandparents of Lucy Ware Webb, wife of President Rutherford Birchard Hayes.  She was known as "Lemonade Lucy" because she would not allow alcohol to be served in the White House.






BIRTH:  c1726 Caroline Co., VA

DEATH: 1 Nov 1801 Lincoln Co GA

WIFE:  Martha Garrett

FATHER:  Nicholas Ware II

MOTHER:  Ms. Long

WIFE'S FATHER:  John Garrett

MARRIED: c1747 Caroline Co., VA

WIFE'S MOTHER:  Frances Dudley

DESCENDING SON:  Henry Ware, Jr.


1.  Frances Ware, c1748 m. Thomas Waugh of Bedford, VA
2.  Martha "Patsy" Ware, c1750 m. Edmund Lyon
3.  John Ware, c1752 d. 1795 Franklin Co., GA m. Mary Moss
4.  James Ware (Capt), c1754-1826 Morgan Co., GA m. Mary Tate 1780
5.  Henry Ware, Jr., b. 12/16/1756 d. 11/22/1807 Lincoln Co., GA
6.  Nicholas Ware, b. 1758 Caroline Co., VA d. 1827 Morgan Co., GA   
7.  Robert Ware, b. 10/10/1759 d. 5/18/1827 Montgomery, AL
8.  Sarah Ware, b. 9/15/1762 d. 8/7/1853 Henry Co., GA  


Robert Ware, son of Henry Ware, Sr.

and Martha Garrett - born 10 Oct 1759 


     Merchants and tobacco traders flocked to the Caroline warehouse and tavern, a place to lodge and dine.  Men of all walks of life met at the tavern to discuss issues, as well as business. In "Colonial Caroline, A History of Caroline County, Virginia," by T. E. Campbell, The Dietz Press Incorporated, Richmond, VA on page 411, Edward Ware (Henry's uncle) maintained a tavern from 1740-1744 near Conway's warehouse. His brother-in-law Robert Garrett was licensed to maintain a stand near Conway's warehouse, and Henry and Nicholas operated a blacksmithing business in this same area.    

     Robert Garrett, Nicholas Ware III, and Henry Ware were sworn to military duty on the same day, 13 Mar 1762; Nicholas and Henry as Lieutenants, and Robert Garrett as a Commissioned Officer in the Caroline Militia.  A Halifax land deed later shows Nicholas as "Col. Nicholas Ware" on 10 Jul 1777.  They took oath to His Majesty's Crown and Government, the first under the Commonwealth of Virginia. Henry married Martha Garrett, and his brother Nicholas married her sister, Dorothy "Dolly" Garrett, daughters of John Garrett and Frances Dudley.      

     The Wares soon left Virginia and made their home in South Carolina, Henry and Martha settled in an area called District Ninety-Six.  After the founding of Charles Towne (near the present city of Charleston, S.C.) late in the 17th Century, trade and commerce increased between coastal residents and Indians of the interior. The Cherokee Path was a primary trade route between Charles Towne and the inland Indian villages, but a number of the paths across SC intersected at Ninety-Six. The name "Ninety-Six" came from an estimate that the site lay ninety-six miles down the Cherokee Path from Keowee, a major Indian town in the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains. Because of the intersecting paths and its convenience as a stopover point, the area became a hub for trading many goods and services. Leather and pelts were the principal interest of white traders and were purchased from Indians, white hunters and trappers in exchange for guns, powder, rum and other supplies. 

     One of the most successful white traders was a businessman named Robert Gouedy who established a trading post in the area about 1751. Gouedy prospered here and expanded his commercial enterprises to include money-lending and farming. By the time he died in 1775, Gouedy owned over 1500 acres in the area, and almost 500 people owed him money.  The base of support offered by Gouedy's enterprises and the stores of other tradesmen in the area along with reliable water and fertile bottomlands gave rise to increasing settlement here. At first the Ninety-Six community was a scattering of homes for several miles around, but by the mid-1750's, blacksmith shops and flourmills had complemented existing development.    

     White settlement around Ninety-Six was on the rise, but friction with the Indians also increased. For a decade, Indian attacks were common throughout South Carolina, and settlers sought refuge in frontier forts. Fort Ninety-Six was an example and was built around Robert Gouedy's barn. During the Cherokee War, over 200 Cherokees unsuccessfully attacked this fort in March 1760. Finally, a treaty was signed with the Indians in 1761. According to the treaty, no Indian could travel below Keowee without permission, and the Indian's hunting privileges were also largely surrendered.    

     A resurgence in settlement in the Ninety-Six area followed peace with the Cherokees, and as population increased, demands for schools, churches, good roads and law enforcement arose. With no police, outlaws preyed on local residents. Vigilante groups formed to provide protection. But the justice of these vigilantes was often severe, and the colonial government finally provided the backcountry with law enforcement authority in 1769. This took the form of courthouses and jails to be built in each of seven judicial districts. The law authorizing these structures in the Ninety-Six District specified that the buildings be "within one mile" of Fort Ninety Six. They actually were finished in 1772 about one-half mile north of Fort Ninety-Six and Gouedy Trading Post. Robert Gouedy was able to enjoy the benefits of law enforcement authority without his clientele being intimidated by having a sheriff, jail and courthouse directly across the street from the Gouedy Trading Post.

     The courthouse and jail provided a focus for more development, and the village of Ninety-Six began to evolve. On the eve of the American Revolution, Ninety-Six Village contained at least a dozen buildings (courthouse, jail, homes, blacksmith shop) and was the new center of activity in the area.     

     The area Henry and Martha settled in would not be known as Edgefield until 1785, and just north in Abbeville Co. there's the town of Ware Shoals and Ware Place where "Abbeville" Nicholas settled and started a textile mill.  It was during this time that a land lottery was established for any white man, following the removal all Indians in this area. Henry arrived in the Piedmont area of South Caroline sometime shortly after 1771, with his wife's parents John Garrett and Frances Dudley. His brother Col. Nicholas and wife Dolly Garrett followed on 2 Oct 1782, the date he received his first land grant on Steven's Creek.

     Soon other Wares began to arrive in Edgefield, Capt. Robert Ware (spouse of Margaret Tankersley, and son of Nicholas Ware and Sarah Munday); James Ware (spouse of Mary "Molly" Veal); Edward Ware (spouse of Sarah Thurmond), (these last two were sons of Edward Ware and Lettice Powell); and Nicholas of Abbeville (spouse of Peggy Hodges), son of James and Agnes Todd.  All six became known as those "Six Ware Pioneers" in the Carolina - Georgia section according to William Murtha Wilder’s book, "Wilder and Connecting (especially Ware) Families in the Southeastern United States," printed 15 May 1951.    

     According to John Abney Chapman's, History of Edgefield County:  From the Earliest Settlement to 1897, "The Wares were large landholders in the Edgefield section.  They had an elegant residence near Woodlawn, on an eminence, perhaps the highest in this section, where they lived with ease and elegance, if not in luxury.  Large orchids and brick walls, a distillery and other evidences of wealth and prosperity were noticeable not many years ago.  The beautiful grounds, and house were totally destroyed by fire, and there is no piece of evidence of the old remains -- memories are all that are left of its past."    


    Capt. Robert Ware and Margaret Tankersley were the grandparents of Susan Margaret Ware (daughter of Nicholas Ware and Susannah Carr) who married Francis Eppes.  Francis was the grandson of Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826), author of the Declaration of Independence, Governor of Virginia, founder of the University of Virginia and third President of the United States. Nicholas Ware born in Virginia on 16 Feb 1776, son of Capt. Robert Ware and Margaret Tankersley, moved to Augusta, Georgia where he became Mayor and prominent in business circles and political life. He was a United States Senator for Georgia when he died while in New York in 1834. Ware County, Georgia is named for him. He married 1) Mary Randolph and 2) Susannah Carr.    

     Children of Capt. Robert Ware b. 5 Apr 1750 Caroline Co., VA - d. 11/4/1817 Edgefield Co., SC m. Margaret "Peggy" Tankersley on 29 Dec 1767, daughter of Joseph Tankersley and Susannah Thompson (5 Nov 1750-12/30/1829) c1771 in Spotsylvania Co., VA. 

1.  Joseph N. Ware b. 6 Dec 1772 Caroline Co., VA - d. 3/18/1809 Richmond Co., GA, m. Mrs. Elizabeth (Dawson) Howell, widow, on 1/11/1797 was Sheriff of the City of Augusta, GA. Joseph will was signed on 3/18/1801 and probated 5/2/1808 in Richmond Co.  It stated:  "To daughter Polly Arrington, not 17, a slave. Residue to my wife Elizabeth and all my children; Robert Dawson, Polly Arrington, Joseph, Edward Rowell, Henry Britton, and William Ware, sons not 21.  Friends Nicholas Ware, David Reed, Lewis Harris, William Bacon, and my wife Elizabeth."  (GA DAR, Wills, pg 44, in Augusta Genealogical Society Library).   
2.  Nicholas Ware (Sen.) b. 16 Feb 1776 Caroline Co., VA - d. 9/7/1824 NY m. 1) Mary Randolph 2 Dec 1800 m. 2) Susan Brooks Carr 12 Jun 1806 d/o Thomas Dabney Carr and Frances Bacon (had Robert Alexander, MD 5/10/1807, Thomas Carr 12/1/1808, Mary Ann Lavonia 6/13/1811, Frances Selina 4/25/1813, Susan M. c1815, Nicholas c1817, Richard Henry c1819 and Caroline Virginia c1821). Nicholas bequeathed to his wife Susan young bay horses and carriage, and equal shares of the residue of his estate to each his wife and minor children.  He also mentioned his brother George.  Will signed 8/16/1824, and Probated 10/25/1824. Original Probate Records found in a folder (loose files on shelf along back wall) in Richmond Co. Court House, Augusta GA.    
3.  Sarah Ware b. Caroline Co., VA 3 Aug 1778 - d. 9/19/1855 Edgefield, SC m. Lewis Harris 8 Jun 1795 in Mt. Pleasant, Charleston, SC. d. 9/19/1855 Edgefield, SC m. Lewis Harris 8 Jun 1795 in Mt. Pleasant, Charleston, SC.

4.  Lucy Green Ware b. 2 Aug 1781 Caroline Co., VA m. William Bacon (d. 1811 Augusta, GA) 7 Mar 1803 Augusta Co., GA.  
5.  Robert Tankersley Ware b. 17 Dec 1783 Caroline Co., VA d. Jun 1821 m. Elizabeth Stanton 23 Dec 1805 (children Lucy b. 1807, Ann c1809, Margaret c1811 m. c1831 George McKie, Henry c1813 m. Susan Crafton).  
6.  Thompson "Thomas" Ware, Col. b. 12 May 1786 Caroline Co., VA - d. 1842 Florida m. Elizabeth D. (Betty) Howell (c1786- 8/11/1828) on 5 Feb 1807 GA. The History of Jefferson County, Florida states,  "In 1837, a large tract of land near Lamont was acquired by Col. Thompson Ware of Edgefield District, SC.  He was born in 1786 and first settled in Georgia, then in 1836, came to Florida."  He called this tract, and the home they built "Wareland".  Thompson was described as a man of "firmness of character and business ability whose life work was shortened by his death in 1842, at age 56."   
7.  Susannah Ware b. 
11 Nov 1768 Caroline Co., VA - d. 9/23/1812 Edgefield, SC m. Daniel Barksdale Jan 1786.
Her will was signed on 9/23/1812, "being sick and weak in body, but of perfect mind and memory", and proved on 12/18/1812.  (Edgefield Co. Will Book "A", pg. 310, Box 6, Pkg. 190) Thomas Meriwether qualified as Executor.  Her will was signed on 9/23/1812, "being sick and weak in body, but of perfect mind and memory", and proved on 12/18/1812.  (Edgefield Co. Will Book "A", pg. 310, Box 6, Pkg. 190) Thomas Meriwether qualified as Executor.   
8.  Henry Ware b. 1 Feb 1789, Caroline Co., VA - d. 9/1817 Edgefield, SC m. Amelia Jones 19 Jun 1817, he died before their first child was born, and his brother Thompson Ware adopted and reared his son Joseph.  Henry died just three months after marrying Amelia Jones, and two months prior to his father's death. Henry's son (by the former Amelia Jones) was mentioned in his father's will, which was signed and dated on Oct. 16, 1817, and probated in Edgefield County on May 21, 1818.

9.  George Green Tankersley (G. T.) Ware b. 8 Feb 1794 Caroline Co., VA - d. aft. 1830 Edgefield, SC m. 24 Feb 1835 Jane E. Middleton, granddaughter of Arthur Middleton, one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence.  Their son, Dr. George G. Ware, was a physician and surgeon of Stanton; he was born in 1835, near Stanton, and is one of eleven children. His father was born in Caroline Co., in 1794, where he was raised and educated, and married, February 6, 1825, and in 1835 moved to Haywood County, where he engaged in farming near Stanton, and remained until his death, April 23, 1862. Mrs. Ware was a granddaughter of Arthur Middleton, one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence.  She was born in South Carolina in 1805, and died in 1875, a worthy member of the Presbyterian Church. Dr. George Ware was educated at the Jackson Male College at Athens, Ga.  He commenced reading medicine when only nineteen, under Dr. Wm. Hewitt, of Stanton; in 1853 he entered Jefferson Medical College at Philadelphia, and graduated in 1856, and since then has practiced at Stanton, carrying a large practice, and being one of the most successful physicians in the county.  Dr. Ware was for a short time surgeon in the Fifth Georgia Regiment (Confederate Army), but was compelled to resign on account of ill health. In September, 1863, he married Miss Lucy A., daughter of William and Elizabeth Waldron, of Edgefield District, S. C., and of ten children born to them, six are living: Carrie M., William W., John H., Robert T., Jennie D., Mary C.  Mrs. Ware was born in South Carolina, October 1845, and died May 6, 1886, a member of the Presbyterian Church.  Dr. Ware is pleasantly located in the western part, of the town, and besides his town residence owns over 1,200 acres of land. In politics he is now a Democrat, but formerly a Whig. He is a member of the Old School Presbyterian Church, and a Mason, and belongs to the K. of H. and K. of P.





     Senator Nicholas Ware, as a young child, moved with his parents to Edgefield, S.C., and a few years later to Augusta, GA; received a thorough English education; studied medicine; studied law in Augusta and at Litchfield (CT) Law School; was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Augusta; member, State house of representatives 1808-1811, 1814-1815; mayor of Augusta 1819-1821.  

     During his administration, a site was selected and the cornerstone laid for the city courthouse on Green St.  He was elected as a Republican to the US Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Freeman Walker and served from 11/10/1821, until his death in NY City 9/7/1824.  In his honor, Ware County was established on December 15, 1824 by an act of the General Assembly, which was created from portion of Appling Co., (an area of Georgia never visited by Sen. Nicholas Ware).  

     His home in Augusta Co., Georgia (pictured) was build in 1818, at a cost of $40,000, equal to roughly $12 million in today's market, earning it the nickname ``Ware's Folly.''  He was elected to the U.S. Senate the year after his house was built, and reportedly addressed people from the second-story balcony of his house. With its hand-crafted, curving staircase and multitude of imported and expensive woods, the home of Augusta Mayor Nicholas Ware was constructed with great attention to detail.




     A three-story house, extravagant in description, located at the corner of Telfair and Fifth Streets, patterned in the Federal style of architecture, with wood carvings, archways, a hand carved mahogany staircase, and heart pine floors. Gazing up from the basement, one may become dizzy following a spiral staircase winding all the way to the attic.  Off from the center stairway are the living rooms and parlors, which were often used as a dance hall.  It is recorded that the Marquis de Lafayette, on a visit to Augusta, danced the minuet at a ball given in his honor in 1825 at Senator Ware's home.   

     Another Federal characteristics found in Ware's Folly include its elaborate doors with elliptical fan windows, fine detailing at the cornice, dormers in the upper stories and details such as columns, small entry porches, six-over-six paned windows, swags and shutters. The architecture and construction of Ware's Folly may have been inspired by two Charleston, S.C., homes, the Nathaniel Russell House and the Bennett house, and probably was built by a master builder.

     Although he lived in Ware's Folly for only a few years, it is said Ware was particular about its maintenance. When visitors departed his home, he would send a servant out with them to polish the exterior mahogany banister along the horseshoe staircase. After it rained, a servant would rub the exposed wood until it was dry.  Another legend states the window weights contributed to the needs of the Confederacy, producing 2000 pounds of lead for bullets.

     Four years after he died, his widow, Susan, sold the house to Richard and Emily Tubman, who were married there, according to records filed when the home became listed on the National Register of Historic Places.  After the Tubman's sold the home, it changed hands many times. By 1904, the area had become less fashionable, with wealthy people discovering The Hill, and the home sold for only $4,000.    

     At one time, there was talk of demolishing Ware's Folly. In 1932 the Augusta Art Club formed. In 1935, searching for a permanent home, it bought an option to purchase Ware's Folly. The problem was, the club couldn't come up with the money to complete the purchase. Finally, Olivia Herbert, a tobacco heiress and frequent winter visitor to Augusta, came to the rescue. She paid $4,000 for the building and gave it to the art club, and then paid about $40,000 to redo the wiring and plumbing and make other renovations.    

     Another grandson of Capt Robert Ware was William Ware (1801-1853), son of Joseph and Elizabeth Dawson.  He raised and commanded a company of volunteers at the Siege of Bexar and on March 12, 1836, was elected captain of the Second Company of Col. Sidney Sherman's Second Regiment, Texas Volunteers.  He took part in the battle of San Jacinto, where James Washington Winters described his effort "like a wild mustang."  

     In Montgomery County in 1836 William Ware married Elizabeth Ann Crane, the daughter of John Crane. In 1840 he owned 3,864 acres in Montgomery County, as well as eleven horses and seventy-five head of cattle. In 1844 he moved his family, which had now grown to eight children, to Kaufman County where they remained until 1849. The family then moved to a farm on York Creek, twelve miles south of New Braunfels, where Elizabeth Ware died on December 20, 1849. In 1850 Ware's family, eight children and three of his wife's younger siblings, were living on Cibilo Creek in Bexar County, where their property was assessed at $3,500. In 1852 William moved west again, establishing on August 17, 1852, the community of Waresville (now Utopia) in Uvalde County. At that time his was said to be the only Anglo-American family between D'Hanis and the Rio Grande. Ware died at Waresville on March 9, 1853.    

     William Bassett who married Bridget Cary and they were the great grandparents of William Henry Harrison born 2/9/1773, the 9th President of the United States. Harrison, taking office in the mist of a very bad depression, long lines of people were asking him for jobs. He was a kindly man and wanted to help and he worked hard. Worn out by his campaign, his inauguration speech and the favor seekers, Harrison caught cold which soon developed into pneumonia. Harrison is remembered for having the shortest term of all the Presidents, dying only one month after his inauguration.  

     The Bassett's lived in York Co. on the Pamunkey River in 1664 in an area near Felgate's Creek, adjacent land originally belonging to Peter Ware, Sr.  William Bassett was an officer in Rutherford's Regiment at the Battle of Dunkirk; he had the task of securing the defenses for the colony for this he received 10,000 pounds of tobacco.  In his will is mentioned....to my sister Mary Scott.  Mary was born about 1634 married about 1654 Newport Isle of Wight, England to Joseph Foster born about 1634.  He died about 1664 York Co., VA, and Mary then went with her three children, Joseph, Jr., Anne, and Mary to live with her brother William.  About 1663, she married in York Co., VA John Scott.   Joseph Foster, son of Sir Thomas Foster, arrived from Southhampton, England about 1650 and settled in Virginia.  His son Joseph lived at a place called Foster's Castle in New Kent, VA, and it was there that he married Mary Bassett of Eltham.  

     Over the next twenty years many men were charged with, "unlawfully assembling themselves to Teach or Preach the Gospel under the pretense of religion other than according to the Liturgy of the Church of England, not having Episcopal Ordination according to the Canons and dissenting from the Church of England. They were also charged with laboring to persuade many persons in communion of the Church of England to dissent from the same and for raising factions in the minds of his Majesty's Subjects contrary to the laws of the colony and against the Peace of our Lord The King, his Crown and Dignity."     

     Rev. Robert Ware petitioned the Middlesex County Court on June 24, 1771 to allow him to establish a place of public worship in the county, the petition was rejected and Robert Ware, John Waller, James Greenwood and William Webb were put in prison, where they remained forty-six days. Taylor, J. B., Lives of Virginia Baptist Ministers, 2d ed. pp. 79. BO.  

     This path was one of determination for John Waller who became a leader in establishing Baptist Churches across Eastern Virginia during this time.  Waller first appeared about 1766, when he served on a grand jury indictment of Lewis Craig for preaching the Gospel in Spotsylvania Co. Two years later, both were imprisoned together for preaching in that same county.  Although knowing their fate if caught, they continued and were also imprisoned in Hanover, Caroline, Essex and Middlesex Counties, often being physically abused, and on one occasion severely whipped by the sheriff.    

     In 1772 Rev. Waller constituted the Lower King and Queen Baptist Church, of which Robert Ware became the first pastor.  That same year Waller organized the Glebe Landing Church in Middlesex Co., and was soon responsible for the care of five churches.  He left Virginia in 1793 for South Carolina where he open the Siloam Baptist church in 1799.  Nicholas Ware b. 1720 and Dolly Garrett had Reuben b. c1746 whose daughter Mary b. c1766 married the Rev. John Waller, most likely a son of the above Rev. John Waller.    

     Although Henry Ware, Sr. was sworn to military duty in the Caroline Co. Militia on 13 Mar 1762, at age 36, it was not until 1771 that he attained the rank of Captain.  Being a blacksmith, Henry was undoubtedly in excellent shape for the job. The Revolution began in 1776, Henry was 50, two years later he organized and equipped a company of militia at his own expense, which served on active duty during the war, in which all five of his sons, served with him.     

     Early in the battle most enlistees would join and leave the army as they pleased. Weapons and supplies were so scarce that, at one point, Ben Franklin advocated using bows and arrows. At the battle of Guilford Court House, NC in 1781, General Nathaniel Greene placed the inexperienced NC militiamen in front and his more seasoned men in the rear. They were soon forced to retreat, but severely hurt the enemy, forcing it northward to Virginia.   

     In Oct. 1781, Washington's force of 9,000 men and a French force of 7,000 attacked Cornwallis's army at Yorktown. The French fleet under the "Comte de Grasse" blocked Chesapeake Bay, the British fleet could not enter to aid Cornwallis, and the British were defeated ending the war.     

     Henry's sons Nicholas, James, Henry Jr., and Robert Ware returned home safely after the war.  It is not known if his son John died during the war, but he died during this time period, leaving behind two young sons Thomas and Henry, of whom only Henry survived to be named in his grandfather's will in 1801.    

     After returning home from the war, Henry, Sr. received a land grant in Wilkes Co., Georgia (in a part which later became Lincoln Co.) for his service during the war, and soon moved to Wilkes Co., was one of the first seven counties established in Georgia. After settling in, he was selected by the community to hold the office of Justice of the Peace in Wilkes Co., and in 1783 he was chosen to represent Wilkes Co. in the Georgia House of Representatives. In 1798 he was selected to be a Georgia Delegate to the first Constitutional Convention in Louisville, Georgia.  

     Notes for Henry Ware, Sr.:  On 13 Mar 1762, he was sworn to military duty in the Caroline Co. Militia at the rank of Lieutenant; in 1771 he attained the rank of Captain.  During the Revolutionary War, he organized and equipped a company of militia at his own expense.  He was appointed Justice of the Peace in Wilkes Co., Georgia on 12 Jan 1782 by House of Assembly, and again on 30 Apr 1782 and 4 Feb 1783.  He was a member of the House of Representatives of the State of Georgia, and a member of the Continental Congress elected from Georgia.  He attended the Savannah Assembly on 7 Jan 1783 as Representative of Wilkes Co.  He was Justice of Inferior Court, Lincoln Co., Georgia 24 Aug 1796 and Feb 1798, and a Delegate from Lincoln County to the Convention in Louisville in 1798 when the Georgia state constitution was formed.    

     12 Apr 1784 - Certificate of Service by Col. Elijah Clark upon which he requested 250a bounty in Washington County. (Revolutionary Record Georgia, Candler, vol. ii, pg. 76-106,191,254).    

     26 April 1799 - sold to Nina Winn of Fairfield City; Deed for 146 acres being part of 250a granted to Henry Ware, Sr. on the Savannah River adj. Ware, Barnabas Pace and Drewry Pace. A plat is included. The tract adjoins Douglas Island. Martha Ware signed by Mark Witnesses: John Winn & Robert Leverett, registered 21 July 1801. Pages 348-49 Lincoln Co, Georgia.    

     Nicholas Ware, Edward Waugh (attorney for Thomas Waugh of Virginia), Robert Ware, Samuel McClendon, James Ware, and Edmund Lyon, heirs of Henry Ware (Sr.), dec'd, to Henry Ware (Jr.), 22 July 1805. Deed for 450a on Savannah River, granted to Henry Ware, (Sr.) dec'd adjoining William Fuqua. Wit: Anderson Lumpkin signed Henry Ware, Jr. Registered 27 November 1806 Pgs 165-167.    

     Thomas Lewis Ware, a son of Rev. Nicholas Cornelius Ware, grandson of Rev. Robert Alexander Ware, great grandson of Nicholas Ware and great great grandson of Henry Ware, Sr. was the soldier about whom the book "35 Days to Gettysburg, The Campaign Diaries of Two American Enemies", by Mark Nesbitt was written. It was the daily diary entries of Thomas Lewis Ware, a confederate soldier in the Northern Virginia Army, Co. G, 15th GA Regiment of Infantry from Lincoln Co. GA (enlisted 7/14/1861), as well as the diary of a federal soldier, written as they approached Gettysburg.  





BIRTH: 16 Dec 1756 Caroline Co., VA

DEATH: 22 Nov 1807 Lincoln Co., GA 

WIFE:  Winnie Mims

FATHER:  Henry Ware, Sr.

MOTHER: Martha Garrett

WIFE'S FATHER:  Drury Mims

MARRIED: 14 Dec 1783 Goochland, VA

WIFE'S MOTHER: Lydia Jones




1. James Anthony Ware, b. 2/26/ 1785 m. Mary "Polly" Mims
2. Britton Mims Ware, b. 12/15/1786
3. John Mims Ware, b. 2/29/1788 Edgefield Co., SC. d. 8/18/ 1838 Heard Co., GA m. Lucy Sturdivant 5/11/1811
4. Sarah "Sallie" Ware, b. 4/23/1790
5. Lucy Jones Ware, b. 12/18/1791 Edgefield Co., SC d. 12/15/ 1831 Pike Co., GA m. George W. Turrentine on 1/4/1821
6. David Ware, b. 5/22/1793  


     Winifred Mims was the daughter of Drury Mims and Lydia Jones of Goochland, VA; her siblings were John, Livingston, David, Britton, Tignal, Matthew, Drury, Ridley and Lydia.  Lydia's parents were Mary Ridley (daughter of Capt. Nathaniel Ridley, Sheriff of Isle of Wight Co. and Elizabeth Day) and Francis Jones (s/o Matthew Jones and Mary Tignall).  Drury's parents were Joseph Mims (s/o Lionel Mims and Anne Martin) and Susannah Unknown.  Matthew, Tignal and Ridley were named after Lydia's brothers and sister, and John and David were named after brothers of Drury.    

     Drury Mims' cousin was Shadrach Mims (son of David Mims and Agnes Weldy), who married Mary Woodson.  Shadrach's great granddaughter, Zerelda Amanda Mims was the wife of Jesse James, the outlaw.  The Jones and Britton's were both originally from Bitton, Gloucester, England.  Drury's brother David married Sarah Scott, daughter of Samuel Scott and granddaughter of Col. John Scott and Judith Dudley.  Sarah Scott's brother was Brig. General Charles Scott, Gov. of Kentucky.  Also, Elizabeth Scott, daughter of Samuel Scott, married Major John Middleton and their daughter, Jane Middleton, married George Green Tankersley (G. T.) Ware, son of Capt. Robert Ware and Margaret Tankersley.  



     This James family photo, which James expert George Warfel says most likely was taken in October 1858, includes:  Jesse James (back row, third from left) next to his future wife, Zee Mims; his stepfather, Reuben Samuel (middle row; second from left) next to Jesse's mother, Zeralda Elizabeth Cole James Samuel (third from left); Jesse's half-brother, John T. Samuel (front row), next to Jesse's sister, Susan James (far right).  It is believed the other two men are John Newman Edwards (back row, far left) and Frank James (with beard), but Warfel disagrees.    

     Following the American Revolution, Jay’s Treaty was signed after Federalists pleaded the advantages of regularizing relations with Britain. The treaty proved to be highly profitable to the United States, and from 1795 to 1800 American exports to Britain boomed, and the U.S. became Britain’s best customer. Coincidentally, Eli Whitney’s invention of the cotton gin brought about a vast explosion in the raising and export of cotton.  

     At the same time in Georgia, General Andrew Jackson moved the Creeks to prevent further contact with the Seminoles after the Creek War, the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, Alabama. He also forced them to cede the Southern third of present day Georgia to the state. The land was made available to any white man with $4.00 by way of a land lottery, or given as land grants to soldiers returning from the Revolutionary War.  

     Prior to the Revolutionary War, Henry, Jr. lived and worked in Edgefield Co. SC, running his general store. After the war, he, along with his father and cousins, received a war service grant of land in Wilkes Co., Georgia. With the exception of his cousin Capt. Robert Ware, who remained in Edgefield, all other Wares moved on to Georgia after the war. It is thought Henry Ware, Jr. remained in Edgefield Co., SC, and moved to Lincoln Co., Georgia shortly before his death.






BIRTH: 29 Feb 1788 Edgefield Co., SC

DEATH: 18 Aug 1838 Heard Co., GA

WIFE:  Lucy Sturdivant

FATHER: Henry Ware, Jr.

MOTHER: Winifred Mims

WIFE'S FATHER:  Matthew Sturdivant

MARRIED: 11 May 1811 Lincoln Co., GA


DESCENDING SON: James Britton Ware


1.  Sarah Ware, 5/10/1812 -8/29/1812
2.  Julian Ware, b. 11/8/1813 m. James Frances Brown
3.  Caroline Ware, b. 1814 m. Barrett
4.  Charlotte Ware, b. 1/5/1816 m. A. O. Stephens
5.  Henry Ware, b. 8/24/1818
6.  Lucy Jane Ware, b. 1820 m. B. C. Jones
7.  Elizabeth Ware, b. 1/10/1821 m. James Strong
8.  David Sturdivant Ware, b. 8/25/1825
9.  John Mims Ware, Jr., b. 2/14/1828 m. Mary Ransom
10.  James Britton Ware b. 6/16/1830 m. Sarah Margaret Tabitha Simms  

     John Mims Ware was born on 2/27/1788 in Edgefield, SC, grew to manhood on the farm, and was educated at the nearby country schools. By age 20, John was settled in Lincoln County, Georgia with his family. He soon met Lucy Sturdivant, an orphan girl living with her uncle Lockhart, of Lincoln Co., and on 5/11/1811 they were married, John was 23 and Lucy was 21. Their first child, Sarah, was born on 5/10/1812, but died at the age of three months on 8/29/1812; they were beside themselves with grief. Julian, Caroline, Charlotte, Henry, Lucy Jane, Elizabeth, and David Sturdivant were all born in Lincoln, GA.  

     It was during this time period, the federal government promised to remove the Lower Creek, Upper Creek and Cherokee Indians from Georgia soil. Both political parties in Georgia favored Indian removal, and in 1823 the newly elected Governor George Troup moved quickly to do so. The Lower Creek Indians headed by William McIntosh, Jr., the son of William McIntosh, Sr. and a Creek woman, and first cousin to Governor Troup, headed negotiations between the Lower Creek Nation, and the United States. After a lengthy negotiation, they signed the 1825 treaty, which sold the Lower Creek land in Georgia for a fair sum of money, and they received an equivalent amount of land west of the Mississippi River, which they chose. Troup moved quickly to survey and distribute the land by lottery.    

     The Upper Creeks in Alabama continued to be hostile, murdering William McIntosh, Jr., and raiding across the river, attacking riverboats, towns, and farms. President John Quincy Adams intervened and ordered Troup to stop moving on the Indian land, and renegotiated the Treaty of 1825. This new treaty left a small piece of land on the Georgia-Alabama border in the Upper Creek hands. Ignoring the new treaty, Troup ordered that land surveyed for the lottery as well. The Upper Creeks continued their assaults, which eventually caused them to be removed as well. They were probably moved west across the Chattahoochee, joining the other southern Indians on their "Trail of Tears" to the Trans-Mississippi West.      

     In 1827 they moved to Pike County, John was 39 and Lucy 37, and they were expecting their eighth child, John Mims, Jr., who was born on 2/14/1828. After John Jr. was born they moved briefly to Troup County, where in 1828 after hearing about the new land lottery, John and Lucy decided to settle in Heard County where James Britton was born on 6/30/1830. He raised his children on the plantation, and they received their education at a little log schoolhouse a few miles from the homestead.  



     John built a new home on their property, consisting of 400 acres, which is recorded in the National Register of Historic Places as being a significant example of architecture of the period.  The caption above the rendering states, "The Ware Home in Heard County, Georgia, was begun by pioneer settler John Mims Ware.

     Known as "Judge Ware," he was a Justice of the Peace, State Senator and plantation owner.  At his death in 1838 at age 50, Judge Ware left instructions for the completion of his new house.  His widow, Lucy Sturdivant Ware, lived in the home, as did their son, James Britton Ware with his young bride Sarah Margaret Tabitha Simms in 1850.  J. B. ("Britt") Ware established the family of Wares who would return generation after generation to the old home place.  The house was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980, and burned during a lightning storm in 1983.  House drawn in 1993 by Annie Hadden Crenshaw, great-great-great granddaughter of John Mims Ware and Lucy Sturdivant."

     The 1850 agricultural schedule indicated that production centered on grain products, such as wheat and oats.  In 1827 he and his wife were among the founders of Bethel Baptist Church in Heard County (which for a time was the largest church in the Western Baptist Association). Over the next few years John was elected Judge of Heard County and a Justice of the Peace, and later became the first man to represent Heard Co. in the Georgia Senate. Unfortunately on August 18, 1838, at age 50, he died of heart failure, his children ranged from 8 to 25. His will specified his estate be divided equally among his children, upon his wife’s death.    

     After her husbands death, she finished construction of their second house in Heard Co. and continued to run the farm successfully for many years with the help of her children and slaves. Lucy died on October 22, 1869.      

     Will of John Mims Ware dated August 17, 1838:

     This is a true record of my Will and Testament. It is my will that my property possessions and estate be kept together.  It is my will that as my children become of age, that each one of them shall have given off to them as much of my estate as has been given off to my daughter Julian Brown and after each child has had a proportionate part with Julian Brown, it is my will that my wife Lucy give off to each one and all of my children my property equally as she may think best and give it to them along as she can spar it.  Furthermore it is my will for my children to be educated as well as my estate will admit of and circumstance will allow.  It is my will that my house shall be finished off in this way. viz ... it is my wish for as many of my horses be sold at fall next as can be spared a sufficient number reserved for the use of my wife and plantation purpose.  It is my will and testament that my wife Lucy ... manage my estate I have herein stated during her widowhood and if she should marry she is and shall be entitled to a child's part of my estate.  Furthermore, it is my will for my brother David Ware to administer my estate with my wife Lucy Ware.  Signed sealed and acknowledged in presence of Thomas Watts.  Signed John M. Ware.  Teste:  William I. Germany, Jeptha V. David, Christopher B. Brown.




BIRTH: 16 Jun 1830 Heard Co., GA

DEATH: 30 Jan 1918 Heard Co., GA

WIFE:  Sarah Margaret Tabitha Simms

FATHER: John Mims Ware

MOTHER:  Lucy Sturdivant

WIFE'S FATHER:  John Simms

MARRIED: 11 Oct 1849 Coweta Co., GA


DESCENDING SON: John Fletcher Brook Ware



1.  Alberta Virginia "Ginnie" Ware, 3/8/1851-7/28/1923 m. Walter G. Orr
2.  Almira Elizabeth "Poss" Ware, 5/21/1853-2/5/1940 never married
3.  Adeline Glenn "Ade" Ware, 5/17/1855-2/14/1914 m. George T. Snow
4.  John F. B. Ware, 9/12/1857-11/20/1922 m. 1. Lula Walker and 2. Eula Adamson
5.  Alonzo Crawford Ware, 12/17/1859 - 1/18/1943 m. Sarah Kendrick  
6.  Albert Zollicoffer "Zol” Ware, 12/15/1860- c1943 m. Annie Walker (Lula's sister)
7.  James Britton Ware, Jr., 5/21/1864 – 12/24/1883
8.  Henry Hall Ware, 8/28/1866 m. Emma Allen on 11/30/1893

9.  Robert Houston Thomas Ware, 6/18/1868- aft. 1943 m. Julia Valena Davis 1890 
10.  Rigdon Mims "Rig" Ware, 11/20/1870-10/1964 m. Emily Virginia Shackleford  


     On 16 Jun. 1830, James Britton (J. B.) was born to John Mims, 42, and Lucy, age 40, he was 8 when his father died. At 19, he married Sarah Margaret Tabitha Simms, age 16, on 11 Oct. 1849 at the Bethel Baptist Church, and quickly started a family. Sarah Simms was the daughter of John Simms and Comfort Maddox Grace b. 3/26/1798 married 9/16/1816 Hancock, GA (daughter of Thomas Grace and Sally Maddox).  Comfort's siblings were James, Elizabeth, Martha, Tabitha, Joshua, Dolby, Margaret, Jeptha, Mary, Silas and Thomas.      

     On Oct. 28, 1850, they purchased 202-1/2 acres from a neighbor, Thomas H. Hanson, and built their home. His superior abilities as a man of affairs being quickly recognized by his fellow citizens, he was elected Justice of the Peace at 21, serving eight years. In 1859 and 1860 he was elected to represent Heard Co. in the general assemb ly.   

     By 1860, J. B. operated the plantation with 13 slaves. According to the 1860 agricultural schedule, production was expanded to include peas and beans, Irish and sweet potatoes, and honey, and later barley, while the number of livestock doubled. Sheep were introduced to the plantation and produced 40 pounds of wool annually. By 1880 production of these crops increased, which continued until the early twentieth century.  J. B. later added a tannery, which produced boot and shoe products using oak bark from surrounding woodlands.    

     About a year after the start of the Civil War in 1861, Henry, age 43, David, age 36, and John, Jr., age 33, enlisted in the confederate army.  In 1863 James raised a company of seventy men, of which he was elected Captain of the State Guards.  It became Company G, of Colonial Wilcoxon’s regiment of state troops and General Iverson’s Brigade, which took part in several skirmishes near Rome, Georgia.  The decision to leave his family was hard because it meant leaving behind his wife and six small children, their ages being 10, 8, 6, 4, 2 and a newborn. His wife, Sarah, would be left alone to administer to all the needs of a large family and plantation. He left with a heavy heart, to join the war effort.   In 1864, Lucy Ware, J. B.'s mother, purchased a $400.00 bond for the Confederate States of America, it was signed by U. B. Wilkinson.  

     In 1864 he enlisted in the confederate service, in which he continued rendering valuable service until the surrender.  During the Battle of Atlanta and Sherman's march, the Ware home served as a refuge for relatives and friends in the Atlanta area. During the "unpleasantness" he gave up his business and devoted money, time and labor to caring for the families of the soldiers, a noble service on his part which they never forgot, and were always ready to express their gratitude. Only David and James returned home, his brother, John, Jr., left behind a wife, a small son.    

     After his mother’s death in 1869, James purchased the family home from his siblings, and successfully managed his estate over the next 10 years. In 1872 he was incorporated in the Jury Commissioner’s Bill and served continuously until 1904. In 1874 he was elected to the Georgia Legislature receiving 500 of the 700 votes cast, working in both the House and Senate.    




      June 24, 1883 proved to be the worst day of James and Sarah's life (pictured center above), their beloved son James Britton, Jr., died from typhoid fever while away at college.  In 1904 James was elected State Senator of the 37th District. While in the Senate he introduced and secured the passage of a bill making drunkenness on the public highway a crime, as well as introducing and having enacted the bill forbidding the sale of whiskey in Georgia within the radius of one mile from a church. He served as foreman of the grand jury over 21 times. He was also Treasurer of the Western Baptist Association, and President of the Corinth Agricultural and Horticultural Club.

     Before his death he wrote the following words, "Nothing can give me more consolation in my old age than to see the people of my county obedient and submissive to the will of God which the Scriptures say is the beginning of his love. Oh, what days of rejoicing will be with the good people when the bottle and the pistol toter become a thing of the past."

     At a reunion he said, "during my life, I set out to make a useful man of myself, and take such position in life that would make life worth living. My highest ambition in life was to raise my children to be men and women of integrity and dignity, these principles being the foundations of all greatness. To what extent I have instilled these principles into the minds of my children, I leave to my neighbors and to the public to decide. I admonished all my grandchildren, and their children to improve upon their parents." He finished by saying that this day was a happy reunion day, but his prayer was that the world all live so that when death comes, we would meet again for a happy reunion in heaven.  At his death at age 87, he had 40 grandchildren and 41 great grandchildren, and was one of Heard County’s leading citizens. This home recently burned to the ground during a lightning storm and nothing was saved. 

        The descendants of John Mims Ware hold an annual reunion (pictured) on the last Sunday in July every year at Bethel Baptist Church in the SE corner of Heard County, about 7 miles from Corinth.  The picture on the left shows a gathering of the family about 1910.  The First reunion was held in 1903.  If raining, it is moved to Johnny Brown's Barbeque near Hogansville.  The event is a catered barbecue, and you need only bring folding chairs and And small fee per person for the dinner.  







BIRTH: 26 Dec 1883 Heard Co., GA

DEATH: 8 Sep 1968 Ft. Worth, TX

WIFE:  Unknown

FATHER: John Fletcher Brook Ware

MOTHER:  Lulu Fannie Walker

WIFE'S FATHER:  John Thomas Swinson

MARRIED: 23 Oct 1919 Baird, TX

WIFE'S MOTHER:  Lucy Johnson





1.  William Britton Ware,  b. 12/26/1883 d. 9/8/1968 m. Frances Lucille Swinson 
2.  Annie Lou Ware, b. 3/7/1885 d. aft. 1954 m. Sam Hassell
3.  Genevieve Ware, b. 12/6/ 1886 Corinth, GA, d. 1/27/1973 m. Samuel Parks Phillips
4.  Johnnie Mae Ware, b. 4/16/1888 d. 5/2/1973 m. Joe W. Porter 
5.  Rigdon Webb Ware, b. 10/19/1892 d. 1958, never married
6.  Ruth Ware, b. 10/19/1892 d. 10/20/1892
7.  Othella Ware, 10/19/1892 d. 10/30/1892 (triplets)


Genevieve Ware


     John Fletcher Brook Ware and Lula Fannie Walker (pictured) were married about 1882, and together they had seven children, which included triplets, two of whom died in infancy. John and Lula lived for several years with John’s parents in Heard Co. before moving into their own home nearby.  The 1900 census shows John and Lula living in the Cooksville District of Heard County, not far from his parents.      

     Lula Walker, born in 1860, was the oldest of three children, her siblings were Annie, and a brother “Buddy” John, who were orphaned when their mother, Lucy Johnson, died of tuberculosis after a lengthy illness in 1869.  Her illness followed the death of their father Joe Walker who was killed during the Civil War in 1865, at age 38. Lula was nine when she went to live with her grandparents James and Margaret Johnson.  It was under her grandmother's care that Lula was able to graduate from LaGrange Female College where she was a music student and valedictorian, Annie also attended LaGrange College.   

     John Joseph Walker, son of Jeremiah, was the youngest of 11 children, born when his father was 50 years of age.  His sister was Almira born 10 Dec 1807, and was 38 years old in 1845.  The source for this information is the Jeremiah H. Walker family Bible dated 1803.  Jeremiah's parents were Rev. Sanders Walker and Sarah Lamar from Prince William Co., Virginia, died in Georgia.  Jeremiah's grandparents were James Walker and Mary Saunders.   

     Lula Walker and her sister Annie both married Ware brothers, John Fletcher Brook Ware and Albert Zollicoffer "Zol" Ware.  John was a tall, soft-spoken, dignified man, and "Zoll" was always ready for fun and a good time.  Zoll and Annie’s children were Janie, Charlie and Louise Ware. 

     After the birth of the triplets in 1892, Lula's health started to decline, the nature of her illness is unknown, a letter written by her daughter indicates she was in constant pain, for which her doctor, Dr. Webb prescribed morphine.  During the Civil War, morphine proved to be a miracle drug for the relief of pain, so much so, that a soldier returning from war could be identified by the small pouch of morphine handing around his neck.   

     Georgia legislature, realizing the addictive nature of morphine, soon passed a law prohibiting it from being sold over the counter without a physician's approval.      

     It was during this period of time, that John and Lula decided to move to Texas, she wrote letters to various colleges in Texas applying for teaching positions, and finally chose a small college at Omen, Texas, in an area of east Texas bordering the small towns of Arp and Troup beside Lake Tyler.  At first, she talked seriously of moving to a little town in Oklahoma, Kingfisher, were there was an Evangelical college with a splendid music department.    

     The family sold their farm in Hogansville, and loaded their possessions onto the train, which included a grand piano, and moved to Texas.  They bought a farm outside the little town, and a home near the college.  Over the next few years, Lula's health continued to decline and she died in 1904, at the age of 44, leaving three daughters, and two sons.

     In 1905, their eldest daughter, Annie Lou, married Sam Hassell.  Annie was 19 when her mother died, Genevieve Florence (pictured) was 18, and Johnnie, who married Joe W. Porter in 1915, was 16.  Their eldest son, Urial Bayles "U. B." Wilkerson, was 21, and working with the Texas & Pacific Railroad, and the youngest son, Webb, was 12.  Genevieve and U. B. (who changed his name to William) were the only two children who gave John and Lula grandchildren, Annie Lou and Sam Hassell adopted a daughter.  Genevieve moved to OK in El Reno, OK Territory, and married Samuel Parks Philips in 1907.  John returned to Heard Co., c1910, as the 1910 census shows John, age 52, and his youngest son Webb, 17, living with his parents and sister Almira.  Webb lived in Georgia for several years, and later returned to Texas.  For the remainder of his life, Webb traveled from Georgia to Texas, hopping trains and earned money by working as a mechanic, he never married or settled down..

      After returning to Georgia, John went to work as a farm superintendent for his long time family friend John Holland Melson, principal of the Agricultural and Mechanical (A&M) School in Carrollton, GA. Shortly after starting work, he was introduced to his second wife, Eula Adamson. Eula, worked at the A&M as well. John Holland Melson's son, Holland Melson, played matchmaker and pretending to be John, called Eula and asked her to meet him for a picnic. Another friend called John, pretended to be Eula, and did the same. The match was a success and they were soon married.  On Jan. 30, 1918, John attended the funeral of his father; he and his five brothers were pallbearers, and only four short years later, John developed pneumonia and was never able to recover. 





BIRTH: 26 Dec 1883 Heard Co., GA

DEATH: 8 Sep 1968 Ft. Worth, TX

WIFE:  Unknown

FATHER: John Fletcher Brook Ware

MOTHER:  Lulu Fannie Walker

WIFE'S FATHER:  John Thomas Swinson

MARRIED: 23 Oct 1919 Baird, TX





1.  Billie Frances Ware, b. 8/21/20
2.  Richard "Dick" Kendrick Ware, b. 1/14/1922 d. 5/8/44 
3.  Mary Dorothy "Dot" Ware, b. 10/18/24 d. 2/16/65
4.  Jimmy "Jim" Hall Ware, b. 3/9/26 d. 3/11/99
5.  Mickey Joe Ware, b. 6/13/28 d. 12/15/50
6.  Gary Vern Ware b. 2/7/31 d. 4/21/88
7.  Betty Lou Ware b. 12/24/35
8.  Ronald "Ronnie" Allen Ware b. 12/8/1938 d. 8/28/41 
9.  Judith “Judy” Ann Ware, b. 10/14/41


Dick Jim Joe Gary Ronnie


     At birth he was named Urial Bayles (U. B.) Wilkinson Ware, as a young man, he changed his named to William Britton.  At age 20, William, who was known by most as "Bill," went to work as a fireman with the Texas and Pacific (T&P) Railroad.  In 1918, at age 36, during a scheduled stop in Baird, TX, Bill, by then a Railroad Engineer, met Frances Swinson, age 16, at the Texas & Pacific (T&P) Cafe'.

     Frances worked briefly as a dental assistant, but quit after being sexually harassed by her boss, she later went to work as a waitress for the Baird Texas Railroad Café.  On 23 Oct 1919, Bill and Frances were married, and they eventually settled down in Fort Worth, TX.  During the depression in 1933, Bill was laid off from the railroad, and moved his wife and 6 children to the house in east Texas until he was rehired by the railroad 3 years later.  Life was hard during this time, as it was for many, the only food they had was what they were able to grow. The weather was uncooperative and farming proved to be an unprofitable venture, they were only able to grow one bale of hay during each growing season, and barely enough food to survive.  

     In 1937, Bill was rehired by the railroad, and the family quickly returned to Ft. Worth.  Several years after the family returned to Ft. Worth, oil was discovered on the family property in east Texas by wildcatters.  They had been authorized to search for oil by his sister, Annie Lou, and her husband. In 1941 tragedy struck when they lost their young son Ronnie who died of a ruptured appendicitis before age two. This would not be the final tragedy in their lives; in 1944 they lost their son Dick during World War II, and in 1950 an automobile accident would claim the life of son Joe, only months after he returned home from active duty.  The final tragedy in their lives came in 1965 when their daughter Dot die of cancer. Bill continued to work for the Railroad until his retirement at age 67.  He died at the age of 84 in 1968, and Frances died at age 75 in 1978.





BIRTH: 7 Feb 1931 Ft. Worth, TX

DEATH: 21 Apr 1988 Springfield, IL

WIFE:  Mildred Hall

FATHER: John Mims Ware

MOTHER:  Frances Lucille Swinson

WIFE'S FATHER:  John Simms

MARRIED: 12 Sep 1952 Ft. Worth, TX

WIFE'S MOTHER:  Nannie B. Stone



1.  Kenneth Wayne Ware
2.  Wanda Jean Ware 
3.  Larry Stephen Ware
4.  Susan Marie Ware
5.  Christopher Allen Ware
6.  Scott Edward Ware   


Mildred Hall Ware Gary and Mildred Gary and family.


     Gary was born in 1931 in Ft. Worth, Texas, and as a young man his family was hit hard by the depression.  After his father was laid off by the railroad when he was two, they moved to the old family farm in east Texas.   While his father was unemployed and they were living in east Texas, his older brother Dick, a young boy at the time, contracted polio. Times were very difficult for the entire family during this time.  He was too sick for heavy work and would stay home and cook while everyone else worked on the farm.  His mother said he learned to make biscuits better than hers and everyone knew she made the best biscuits, or anything else she cooked for that matter. Years later he made a complete recovery.  

     They returned to Ft. Worth when Gary was six, where he grew to manhood. His siblings described him as highly intelligent, extremely talented and insightful, with the potential to go far.  

     Gary had the potential and desire to go far, but his ambitions were suddenly put on hold as the United States entered World War II.  The first member of the family to enlist was his brother Richard "Dick" Ware, who was later killed in action over Pearlberg, Germany on a bombing mission.  Dick had been a Second Lieutenant and a Bombardier, and was awarded the Purple Heart.  

     Letter from Richard “Dick” Ware Army Air Base Dalhart, Texas, dated 22 Dec 1943:  

     Dear Mom, Today makes one week at Dalhart and I haven't found a single thing wrong with the place yet, which is surprising.  I guess after that Salt Lake deal anything would seem ok.  When we first came here it was covered with snow.  Lately it has been a sea of slick, slimey mud.  It's ok in the early morning and evening when it's frozen but up in the day it's really sloppy.  It started snowing again today and the wind is just like ice.  It cuts you like a knife.  I don't think I've seen weather near this cold in my life.  We've been going to school every day from 9 to 5 since last Friday.  We go to school half a day tomorrow and are supposed to fly in the afternoon.  From the way they're treating us here you'd think that we'd never seen a bomb sight or dropped a bomb before, but I guess they're just making sure that we haven't forgotten anything. Today a 17 came in, and its landing gear was frozen and wouldn't come down so they had to make a belly landing.  The pilot sure made a pretty landing and no one was hurt.  I think practically everyone on the base was down there to watch the landing as the ship circled the base several times before landing. It looks like I won't get to come home for Christmas after all.  We're SUPPOSED to get off from Friday noon at 8 a.m. Sunday but that won't be enough time.  If I could get off until noon Sunday I'd have time enough to make it. I'm scheduled to be here through training and on my way March 16th, but that's quite a while off and we're supposed to get a week or 10 days leave then. All of our instructors here are men who have completed their tour of combat and really know what kind of training will do us the most good when we get over there. A "Tour of Duty" is 25 missions in England and after completing them everyone comes back and takes an instructor's job or something similar in the U.S. I'm getting kind of sleepy so I'd better quit for now.  So long for now and a Merry Christmas to all.  Love, Dick.

     After his death, his mother road past Baylor hospital in Dallas and got a faraway look in her eyes and said she had brought Dick to Baylor to be fitted for a leg brace back in the 1930's because he had a lot of trouble walking due to the polio.  She had to leave all the other kids and Pop on the farm to manage as best they could while she was gone. Her daughter described watching her mother while she was telling this story, and was completely amazed that she was able to withstand all the trials and tribulations she had to endure during her life.  

     In 1948, at age 17, Gary desired to follow in his brothers footsteps and enlist, but he could not do so without his parents signature.  After much persuading, they agreed to his demands, which was an extremely difficult decision for them, because it had only been four years earlier they had lost Dick.  Gary was their fourth son to enlist in the service, and the third to choose the Navy.  His request to be stationed with his brother Joe at the Naval Air Station in Norfolk, Virginia was approved, but they were never stationed together in Norfolk at the same time.  Joe was stationed there while Gary was in training in Pensacola, Florida, and Joe's enlistment ended and he went home before Gary arrived in Norfolk.  During his enlistment, Gary was assigned to the "Lighter than air division" or blimps.

     After his enlistment ended in 1949, Joe returned to Texas where tragedy struck again shortly before Christmas the following year, he was killed in an automobile accident in Odessa.  The Red Cross arranged for Gary's emergency leave.  After the funeral, he returned to NAS in Norfolk, Virginia to complete his enlistment, but it was with a heavy heart.  Shortly after his return to Norfolk, he met his future wife, Mildred "Mickey" Hall.  Joe's death continued to weigh heavily on his mind during this time, which made the remainder of his enlistment in the Navy difficult.  

     In 1952, Gary and Mickey returned to Fort Worth, and were married on September 12, 1952.  After returning to Texas, they bought a small home in Ft. Worth where Gary worked as a supervisor for a manufacturing company; several years later he acquired his barbering license by working nights and attending school during the day.  In 1959, the family moved to Virginia to be closer to Mickey's family, and Gary obtained employment with NASA.  During this time, NASA was already in an advanced lunar exploration program, and had been for a full year before President John F. Kennedy, on 5/25/1961, committed this nation to the national goal of lunar conquest.

     Gary often spoke of the Apollo astronauts who frequented the barbershop, and he kept the family abreast of all the daily activities of the Apollo mission.  After the lunar landing, he made sure everyone he met knew he had been the barber for his hero's, "Buzz" Aldrin, Mike Collins and Neal Armstrong.  He died in Springfield, IL on April 21, 1988, his much cherished letters were uplifting, and always expressed his loved for God.  He often ended his letters with the phrase, "My beloved daughter, may God keep you safe in his sheltering arms."  May God rest his soul.