ASIA POW CAMP STRENGTHS

Japan Prisoner of War Information Bureau
June 1945

Source: Documents Pertaining to POWs, POW Management Branch, Army Ministry of Japan, Sept. 1945; National Archives of Japan

Mukden (Hoten) POW Camp Group

CAMP DESIGNATION LOCATION STRENGTH NATIONALITY TOTAL
MAIN Mukden 1,220
American, British, others 1,709
2-B Mukden,
四平省西安 Ssupingkai
34 "
1-B DETACHED CAMP Mukden 150 "
2-B DETACHED CAMP " 180 "
3-B DETACHED CAMP " 125 "

Shanghai POW Camp Group

CAMP DESIGNATION LOCATION STRENGTH NATIONALITY TOTAL
MAIN Shanghai, 北支豊台 30 British, American, others 30

Korea POW Camp Group

CAMP DESIGNATION LOCATION STRENGTH NATIONALITY TOTAL
MAINKeijo (Armory)2 (officers)American158
(not incl. 9 Russian prisoners)
141 (91 officers, 2 warrant officers, 48 enlisted men)British
15 (6 officers incl. 1 Red Cross rep., 9 enlisted men)Australian
1-BJinsen, Hana-cho (Hitachi Mfg.)138 (112 officers, 26 enlisted men)American168
26 (9 officers, 17 enlisted men)British
4 (enlisted men)
Australian
1-DKonan, Kanko Nando
(Nippon Nitrogen)
301British354
52Australian
1 Canadian (Indian Medical Service)

Hong Kong POW Camp Group

CAMP DESIGNATION LOCATION STRENGTH NATIONALITY TOTAL
--- Hong Kong 1,689 British, Indian, others 1,689

Taiwan POW Camp Group

CAMP DESIGNATION LOCATION STRENGTH
(as of 8/25/1945)
NATIONALITY TOTAL
MAIN Taipei, Taishoku --- --- ---
1-B Taipei, Shintensho 344 --- 344
4-B Tainan, Shirakawa-gai 323 --- 323
6-B Taipei, Taishoku
(outside Taipei Railroad)
381 --- 381

Thailand POW Camp Group

CAMP DESIGNATION LOCATION STRENGTH NATIONALITY TOTAL
MAIN Bangkok 600 --- 34,492
1-B Ubon 3,055 British, American, others
2-B Chungkai 8,908 "
4-B Tamuang 8,508 "
7-B Kanchanaburi 3,198 "
8-B Saigon 2,530 "
9-B Phetchanaburi 2,520 "
10-B Wantan 2,068 British, Dutch, Australian
5-B DETACHED CAMP Nagorn Nayok 1,991 British, American, others
ATTACHED HOSPITAL Nakhon Phatom 1,003 "
MAIN CAMP, DISPATCHED CAMP Lampang 111 British, Dutch, Australian

Malaya POW Camp Group

CAMP DESIGNATION LOCATION STRENGTH NATIONALITY TOTAL
MAIN CAMP Singapore (Changi) --- --- 22,323
1-B Sumatra, Pakanbaru 4,685 British, Australian, others
2-B Sumatra, Pakanbaru
[Paramban]???
1,164 Caucasian
3-B Singapore
[River Valley Road, Singapore - ヨウチュカン路]???
1,066 "
MAIN CAMP, 1-B DETACHED CAMP Singapore
[Changi
Selarang?
Roberts Barracks?]???
9,521 "
UNIT DISPATCH Singapore 2,895 Australian, British
PATIENT CAMP " 1,128 British, Australian
UNIT DISPATCH Singapore District 1,864 Caucasian

Java POW Camp Group

CAMP DESIGNATION LOCATION STRENGTH NATIONALITY TOTAL
MAIN CAMP Jakarta 4,351 British, Dutch, Australian, others 6,117
1-D DISPATCHED CAMP
1-B Koepangwaru 1,766

Borneo POW Camp Group

CAMP DESIGNATION LOCATION STRENGTH NATIONALITY TOTAL
MAIN CAMP Kuching 33 British, Dutch, Australian, others 2,986
1-B Sandakan 1,024
1-B DETACHED CAMP Kuching
[Batu Lintang]???
1,804
2-B DETACHED CAMP Ranau 58
1-D DISPATCHED CAMP Brunei 67

TOTAL STRENGTH

TOTAL (outside Japan) 69,346
TOTAL (including Japan) 104,058

NOTE: Last reports received in May from Shanghai, Hong Kong, Thailand, Malaya; on April 22 from Java and Borneo.
Total strengths, therefore, may have increased or decreased.


Number of Patients per Camp Group

June 1945
CAMP GROUP NUMBER OF PATIENTS
HAKODATE 67
SENDAI 495
TOKYO 417
NAGOYA 288
OSAKA 305
HIROSHIMA 199
FUKUOKA 899
TAIWAN 2,996
KOREA 59
MUKDEN 98
THAILAND 1,968
BORNEO 538
JAVA 487
MALAYA 2,243
HONG KONG 482
SHANGHAI 31
TOTAL: 11,572


Civilian Internee Strengths in Navy-Controlled Territories

June 1945

NATIONALITY CELEBES BORNEO TOTAL
Confined House Arrest Confined House Arrest
Male Female Child Total Male Female Child Total
Dutch 502 33 776 811 1,626 51   74 45 119 2,298
British 21? 5 9 1 15 3         21
Canadian 1 1 3   4           5
Australian 1   4 1 5           6
American 2   4 1 5           7
Belgian 3   1   1           4
Iraqi 1                   1
Danish 1   1   1           3
Chinese 3   3 6 9           12
Armenian 14 1 12 13 26           40
Polish 2   1 6 7           9
Arabian 2                   2
Adenian                      
Swiss 1               1 1 3
Romanian 1                   1
German   1 11   12           24
Czechoslovakian     1   1           2
Iranian     1   1           2
Italian 1                   1
TOTAL: 556 43 827 839 1,709 54   74 46 120 2,439
GRAND TOTAL: 2,265 174 2,439

Civilian Internee Strengths in Military-Controlled Territories

Prisoner of War Information Bureau
June 1945

NATIONALITY SHANGHAI
(April)
HONG KONG
(April)
MALAYA
(May)
SUMATRA
(March)
BRUNEI
(March)
BURMA
(April)
JAVA
(April)
TOTAL
American 28 25 23 13 8 6 33 136
British 251 2,383 3,868 458 319 84 631 7,993
Canadian     36 24 2     62
Australian     188 58 19   1 298
New Zealander     54 3 7   1 65
Dutch 21 58 93 10,980 265 1 67,741 79,159
Polish   5 11       66 82
Belgian 2 9 5 30   1 138 175
Greek 14 1 7 19     5 46
Norwegian 1 46 29 4   47?? 47 127
Swedish             2 2
Swiss             7 7
Danish     6   1   16 23
Portuguese             3 3
German       1 1   198 200
French       4   1 48 53
Italian       1   1 29 31
Chinese     12 18 8 1 538 577
Indian     2         2
Russian   6 4       42 52
Peruvian   22           22
Cuban   17           17
Nicaraguan   3           3
Guatemalan   5           5
Ecuadorian   6           6
Iraqi     110       108 218
Iranian   1 3 1       5
Costa Rican   2           2
South African     9         9
Czechoslovakian   1 33       23 57
Egyptian     1       13 14
Jewish         3     3
Chilean     2         2
Irish     6   9     15
Spanish                
Romanian     3 4     37 44
Argentinian       1     1 2
Indonesian       27 2     29
Armenian     1         1
Burmese           7   7
Mexican             1 1
Brazilian     5       5 10
Turk   1         7 8
Thai             1 1
Filipino             6 6
Spanish     3       3 6
Hungarian   1         94 95
Austrian             36 36
Yugoslavian             4 4
Unknown     9 19   1 777 806
TOTAL: 317 2,591 4,523 11,665 644 103 70,684 90,527

Civilian Internee Strengths Outside of Military-Controlled Territories

DIVISION LOCATION
CIVILIANS
NATIONALITY TOTAL
Home Affairs Bureau Police Dept. 36 American, British, others 640
Kanagawa Pref. (Totsuka) 19 Australian, others
Kanagawa Pref. (Yamakita) 47 British, Canadian, others
Hyogo 163 American, British, others
Nagasaki 41 British, Canadian, others
Saitama 56 Canadian, British, others
Fukushima 140 British, Greek, others
Hokkaido 24 American
Miyagi 35 Dutch, American
Hiroshima 44 Dutch
Aichi 35 Dutch, Italian
  Korea 5    
Greater East Asia Bureau Shanghai 5,911 British 8,610
灘縣 tanxian 1,526 American
Yangchow 650 Canadian
Canton 44 Dutch
Peking 479 白国 Caucasian?
  253 Others  



WAR CRIMES DEATH VICTIMS
OF
U.S. & FILIPINO ARMED FORCES & CIVILIANS

AS KNOWN AND ESTIMATED BY THEATERS

U.S. ARMED FORCES VICTIMS 23,039
FILIPINO ARMED FORCES VICTIMS 27,258
U.S. CIVILIAN VICTIMS 595
FILIPINO CIVILIAN VICTIMS 91,184
GRAND TOTAL 142,076

European
Theater of
Operations
Mediterranean
Theater of
Operations
Pacific Areas China India
Burma
Total
U.S. Armed
Forces Only
U.S. Armed
Forces Only
U.S. & Filipino
Armed Forces
U.S.
Civilians
Filipino
Citizens
U.S. Armed
Forces Only
U.S.
Civilians
U.S. Armed
Forces Only
Murder 7,096 110 2,253 317 89,818 46 3 13 99,656
Cruelty &
Torture
202 5 1,646 25 1,258 7 0 0 3,143
Starvation
&
Neglect
1,872 0 35,092 244 7 181 2 153 37,551
Other Assaults
&
Mistreatments
896 0 267 0 101 458 4 0 1,726
Sub-Total     39,258 586 91,184 692 9    
TOTAL 10,066 115 131,028 701 166 142,076




Status of Tokyo POW Camps, September 4, 1945

LOCATION STRENGTH CONCERN NATIONALITY DATE OPENED
5-B
Niigata-shi, Awa Shinden,
Otsu 202
685 Nippon Express Co. ??,
Niigata Kairiku Unso Co.,
Rinko Branch
British 33
American 522
Canadian 110
Australian 17
Norwegian 21
1943.9.2
15-B
Niigata-shi, ????, 455-2
320 Niigata Tekkojo,
Yamanoshita Factory
American 159
Canadian 81
British 43
Australian 37
1944.4.1
16-D
Higashi Kanbara-gun, Nishi Kanose-mura, Ryo Kanose
293 Showa Denko Co.,
?? Factory
British 160
American 47
Dutch 86
1944.4.16
3-B
Nagaoka-shi, Zao-cho
298 Hokuetsu Denka Kogyo, Zao Factory
Nippon Express, Nagaoka Branch
Dutch 298 1945.5.16
13-B
Nishikubiki-gun,
Omi-machi, Oaza Omi
539 Denki Kagaku Kogyo Co.,
Omi Factory
British 433
American 106
1943.5.10
4-B
Nishikubiki-gun, Arita-mura, Kasuga Shinden
696 ????????, Shinetsu Kagaku Kogyo, Naoetsu Factory
Naoetsu ?????? Unso Co.
American 336
British 90
Australian 231
Dutch 39
1942.12.10
TOTAL 2,831      


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