Hiroshima Civilian Internment Camp



TRANSLATION

COPY OF A CABLE RECEIVED FROM GENEVA
JULY 4 1942


NLT
INTERCROSS
WASHINGTON

115 OUR DELEGATE JAPAN VISITED ON JUNE 13 CAMP MIYOSHI HIROSHIMA OPENED ON DECEMBER 13, 1941 ADDRESS KENCHO HIROSHIMA STOP

29 INTERNEES OF WHOM 13 CAME FROM UNITED STATES STOP

18 WOMEN 3 MEN AGED 33 TO 55 COMING FROM HIROSHIMA AND OKAYAMA PROVINCES CAMP SITUATED IN FORMER SANATORIUM OF AMERICAN MISSION ON HILL 300 METERS LOCATION HEALTHY FORESTS AND FIELDS STOP

WOODEN CONSTRUCTION OF TWO STORIES EACH ONE 200 METERS SQUARE 3 METERS HIGH LARGE SUNNY WINDOWS FIRST FLOOR TWO REFECTORIES RECREATION ROOMS STOP

IN BED-ROOM HALF OF BEDS ARE EUROPEAN HALF ARE JAPANESE JAPANESE STOVES AND BRAZIERS ELECTRIC LIGHT STOP

JAPANESE BATHS LATRINES WITH RUNNING WATER LAUNDRY ICEBOXES TWO KITCHENS TWO COOKS WHO ARE NUNS STOP

DAILY FOOD RATION 300 GRAMS OF BREAD 1/4 LITRE OF RICE 2 DECIS (1/5 OF A LITRE) OF MILK PLUS 600 GRAMS OF MEAT WEEKLY 225 GRAMS OF SUGAR A MONTH FISH CEREALS VEGETABLES BUTTER CHEESE FRUITS TEA COFFEE STOP

PERMISSION TO BRING SHEETS FROM OUTSIDE STOP

BODY WEIGHTS INCREASING STOP

SUFFICIENT CLOTHING GOOD HEALTH NO DEAD MONTHLY MEDICAL VISIT DENTAL CARE WHEN NECESSARY PHYSICAL EXERCISES GAMES SPORTS WEEKLY WALK STOP

LIBRARY RADIO STUDY OF JAPANESE RELIGIOUS SERVICE DAILY IN THE CHAPEL STOP

LOCAL AND OVERSEAS CORRESPONDENCE UNHINDERED STOP

EXCELLENT CAMP GOOD ATMOSPHERE NO COMPLAINTS GOOD DISCIPLINE
[stamp]
RECEIVED DEC 23 1944

INTERCROIXROUGE 4800

RENAISSANCE
HOTELS & RESORTS



LOCATION

Name and exact location of camp with description or distinguishing features or surroundings (so as to be identifiable from the air): Number of internees broken down by sexes, nationality, race and age groups.
Location:

Hiroshima Prefecture is located in agreeable surroundings far from the city in the heart of rural life. It is surrounded by mountains and hills on all sides with a park nearby and a beautiful river view. This camp is now _nonexistent_, as it was leased for one year, December 13, 1941 to December 13, 1942.

Internees:

Men - 5; Women - 4; Religious Sisters - 15 (one Irish, released)

Nationalities:
MenWomen
Belgians - 312
English - 734
Americans - 14 1  13
24519

Ages:

The ages range from 33 years to 78 years.

DESCRIPTION OF PREMISES

Kind of buildings (e.g. barracks, abandoned factories, school or college buildings); estimate of square and cubic feet per internee; lighting and heating facilities (hours when available); kind and amount of bedding provided. Beds and nets.

The building was of a low two-story wooden Japanese structure vrith tiled roof in the form of a printed letter "E", omitting the middle bar. It had been used as a kindergarten for some seventy-five or eighty children. It was heated by wood fires, the materials being obtained from a neighboring lumbering company and was carried in chain fashion by all the internees in unison. Ordinary lighting facilities gave the readily available electric power.

For the first month, until beds were procurable and personal bedding could be sent for, much soiled borrowed bedding was obtained from a rural inn nearby. The space allotted twelve persons to each small Japanese room of six regulation mats each minus furniture. Thus, sleeping quarters necessitated one sleeping in a bed, the other on a mat in Japanese fashion in each room for a group of twelve.



X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

ARCHIVES FILE NUMBER 3-76-4

TITLE LIST OF CIVIL INTERNEES

ORIGIN INTERNMENT CAMP MIJOSHI [Miyoshi]

DATES

AUTHENTICITY UNKNOWN

SOURCE RECOVERED PERSONNEL TEAM

X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X



List of Civil Internees table (see below)


Table of Civilian Camps

LIST OF CIVIL INTERNEES, INTERNMENT CAMP MIJOSHI [Miyoshi].

No.NamesNationalityPlace and date of birthDomicili.OccupationNext of Kin
1Tuizinga, GerrietNetherlandsSlochteren (Neth.)
10 April 1896
Malang (Java)Captain
Mercantile Man?
Mrs. C. Tuizinga
2Meisenbacher, Ulrich Augustdo.Hoorn (Neth.)
14 March 1906
Batavia-C. (Java)Acting Chief ofc.
Mercantile Man?
Mrs. A. Meisenbacher
3de Best, Adriando.Malang (Java)
17 October 1907
Batavia-C. (Java)2nd officer
Mercantile Man?
Mrs. E. A. H. de Best
4Verhoef, Pieter Jan Govert.do.Arkel (Neth.)
19 July 1912
Batavia-C. (Java)3d officer
Mercantile Man?
Mrs. D. Verhoef
5van der Wolf, Dirk Gerritdo.Waddinxveen (Neth.)
21 October 1903
Batavia-C. (Java)Acting Chief EngineerIta and Tine van der Wolf
6de Roy van Zuydewyn, Charles Astondo.Djocja (Java)
3 April 1908
Soerabaja. (Java)3d engineer.Mrs. Ch. H. A. de Roy van Zuydewyn
7Willems, Louisdo.Batavia (Java)
24 May 1909
Batavia-C. (Java)3d engineer.Mrs. G. L. Willems
8Hendriks, Derkdo.Nijmegen (Neth.)
31 October 1912
Batavia-C. (Java)4th engineer.Mrs. L. B. Hendriks
9Kuiken, Thijado.Midlum (Neth.)
31 May 1913
Batavia-C. (Java)4th engineer.C. Kuiken
10Bakker, Johannes Bernardes Godefridesdo.Den Haag (Neth.)
29 November 1912
Soerabaja5th engineer.Mrs. A. M. Bakker-Boin
11Oost, Pieterdo.Sigli (Sumatra)
3 March 1919
Batavia-C. (Java)5th engineer.Mr. H. Oost
12Stijve, Niklaasdo.Appingedam (Neth.)
1 August 1920
Batavia-C. (Java)5th engineer.Mr. K. Stijve
13Soediren.Javanese, Neth. subject.Djoewane (Java)
14 June 1921
Djoewana (Java)5th engineer.Mr. Djojopitono
14SoedarsonoJavanese, Neth. subject.Kertosono (Java)
14 August 1917
Soerabaja (Java)Electrician.Mrs. R. F. Soedarsono
15Dirkse, JakobusNetherlandsDen Naag (Neth.)
30 July 1892
Lawang (Java)Chief stewart.Mrs. Dirkse- Brekelmans
16Koenen, Francois Louis Mathieu Gertrudedo.Warmenhuizen (Neth.)
18 December 1894
Soerabaja (Java)Chief cook.Mrs. Koenen- Schermer
17Schuur, Cornelia Johannesdo.Zoeterwoude (Neth.)
16 March 1905
Batavia-C. (Java)Wireless officer.Mrs. C. J. Schuur
18van de Poel, Johannes Casperdo.MIddleburg (Neth.)
9 April 1894
Batavia-C. (Java)Chief Engineer.Mrs. A. J. van de Poel-Kraat
19Bollman, Theodorus Stephanus Everardusdo.Arnhem (Neth.)
27 May 1903
Batavia-C. (Java)Chief officer.Mrs. H. Bollmann- Schoolderman
20Mulder, Johannes Jacobusdo.Baarn (Neth.)
12 July 1906
Soerabaja (Java)Purser.[page missing]
21Mellems, Andries Willemdo.Utrecht (Neth.)
4 December 1901
Soerabaja (Java)Surgeon, lieut. commander Royal Netherlands Navy
22Vreede, Jan Johannes Antoni Arnoldusdo.Wijchen (Neth.)
11 January 1900
Modjokerto (Java)Surgeon, lieut. commander Royal Netherlands Navy Reserve.
23Veldhuyzen, Adrianus do.Tjimahi (Java)
11 June 1909
Soerabaja (Java)Surgeon, lieut. R.N.N.
24Wempe, Johannes Willem Nicolaasdo.Alkamaar (Neth.)
15 April 1896
Malang (Java)Surgeon, lieut. R.N.N.
25van Koeverden Brouwer, Gerritt Hendrikdo.Amsterdam (Neth.)
19 March 1905
Batavia (Java)Surgeon, lieut. R.N.N.
26Veen, Ruurddo.Oostburg (Neth.)
4 July 1905
DjokjakartaSurgeon, Lieut. R.N.N.
27Wiemans, Sjoerddo.Tegal (Java)
12 July 1913
Batavia (Java)Dental officer, R.N.N.R.
28Schouten, Nettydo.Amerongen (Neth.)
8 May 1895
Batavia (Java)Qualified head nurse
29den Boer, Hermina Maria Johanna Elisabethdo.Pernis (R'dam) (Neth.)
8 June 1901
Batavia (Java)Qualified head nurse
30Hoekveen, Maartjedo.Maasland (Neth.)
7 August 1901
Batavia-C. (Java)Qualified nurse.
31van Waning Bolt, Agnes Elisabethdo.Smilde (Neth.)
17 June 1909
Batavia-C. (Java)Qualified nurse.
32
33van den Berg, Anna Wilhelminado.Kabandjahé (Sumatra)
19 December 1910
Batavia-C. (Java)Qualified nurse.
34de Boer-Gerth van Wijck, Jeanette Margarethado.Bennebroek (Neth.)
27 November 1893
Soerabaja (Java)Qualified nurse.
35Gunther, Petronella Herminado.Nijmegen (Neth.)
19 November 1891
Batavia-C. (Java)Qualified nurse.
36Mackay, Willemina Johannado.Rotterdam. (Neth.)
1 August 1902
Batavia-C. (Java)Qualified nurse.
37Smaardijk, Johannado.Middelburg (Neth.)
23 January 1894
Batavia-C. (Java)Qualified nurse.Mrs. Smaardijk
38Vos de Wael, Maria Immaculata Antonia Ernestado.Roermond (Neth.)
7 March 1905
Batavia-C. (Java)Qualified nurse.Mr. W. M. Hens
39Brouwer, Charlotte Geertraida Jansjedo.Zwolle. (Neth.)
21 June 1902
Batavia-C. (Java)Qualified nurse.Mrs. D. Brouwer
40van der Wolf- née van Bers, Clementine Mariado.Halsteren. (Neth.)
8 December 1902
Batavia-C. (Java)Qualified nurse.1) Mr. L. A. van Bers
2) Fam. Lang- van Bers
41Heil-Zuur, Tillydo.Bandoeng. (Java)
17 June 1906
Kediri. (Java)Volunteer nurse Red Cross.Mr. J. H. Heil
42Smits, Elisabeth Petronella Corneliado.Breda (Neth.)
14 December 1899
Batavia-C. (Java)Qualified nurse.Mr. F. Smits
43van den Boach, Gerardusdo.Den Dungen (Neth.)
4 August 1902
Batavia-C. (Java)Male nurse.Mrs. M. Demetrius
44Rekers, Willem Johando.Enschedé (Neth.)
3 September 1915
Batavia-C. (Java)Male nurse.1) Mr. R. A. Rekers
2) Miss D. Cooper