Practice Exam for the Abdomen


1. The ligament that extends from the anterior superior iliac spine to the pubic tubercle and forms the lower lateral boundary of the abdominal wall, is the:
  1. lacunar
  2. interfoveolar
  3. inguinal
  4. ilio-pectineal
  5. pectineal
C
2. The "porta hepatis" of the liver transmits all of the following EXCEPT the:
  1. hepatic arteries
  2. hepatic ducts
  3. autonomic nerves from the celiac plexus
  4. portal vein
  5. hepatic veins
E
3. Most of the small intestine receives its blood supply from branches of a single artery. The artery that supplies most of the small bowel is the:
  1. middle colic
  2. celiac
  3. gastroduodenal
  4. inferior mesenteric
  5. superior mesenteric
E
4. Which of the following nerves passes through the superficial inguinal ring?
  1. iliohypogastric nerve
  2. obturator nerve
  3. lateral femoral cutaneous nerve
  4. ilioinguinal nerve
  5. pudendal nerve
D
5. The posterior boundary of the epiploic foramen (of Monro) is the:
  1. caudate lobe of the liver
  2. first part of the duodenum
  3. portal vein
  4. common bile duct
  5. inferior vena cava
E
6. Regarding the anatomy of the inguinal canal, all of the following statements are true about it EXCEPT:
  1. its floor is predominately formed by the inguinal ligament
  2. its deep ring is located just lateral to the inferior epigastric artery
  3. its roof is formed by arching fibers of the internal oblique and transversus muscles
  4. its deep ring is formed by peritoneum
  5. its superficial ring is formed by the aponeurosis of the external oblique muscle
D
7. The abdominal aorta passes through the diaphragm at which vertebral level?
  1. T8
  2. T10
  3. T12
  4. L1
  5. L2
C
8. The common bile duct, hepatic artery and postal vein are found grouped together in the:
  1. gastrosplenic ligament
  2. gastrohepatic ligament
  3. hepatoduodenal ligament
  4. gastrocolic ligament
  5. falciform ligament
C
9. The inguinal ligament runs between the:
  1. symphysis pubis and the inferior iliac spine
  2. anterior and posterior superior iliac spines
  3. left and right iliac tubercles
  4. pubic tubercle and iliac tubercle
  5. anterior superior iliac spine and pubic tubercle
E
10. In the human kidney, the renal papilla projects directly into the:
  1. renal pyramid
  2. ureter
  3. major calyx
  4. renal columns
  5. minor calyx
E
11. The epiploic foramen is bounded anteriorly by the:
  1. hepatoduodenal ligament
  2. peritoneum over the inferior vena cava
  3. peritoneum on the caudate lobe of the liver
  4. free border of the greater omentum
  5. peritoneum at the beginning of the duodenum
A
11. Motor innervation to the respiratory diaphragm is the:
  1. vagus nerve
  2. thoracic splanchnic nerve
  3. 3rd, 4th and 5th thoracic nerves
  4. phrenic nerve
  5. recurrent laryngeal nerve
D
12. The common bile duct and major pancreatic duct join to form the:
  1. hepatic duct
  2. common hepatic duct
  3. cystic duct
  4. cisterna chyli
  5. ampulla of Vater
E
13. Each of the following forms a boundary of the lesser peritoneal sac EXCEPT the:
  1. gastrosplenic ligament
  2. left triangular ligament of the liver
  3. greater omentum
  4. lesser omentum
  5. splenorenal ligament
C
14. Which of the following is located at the opening between the small and large intestines?
  1. ligament of Treitz
  2. cardiac sphincter
  3. ileocecal valve
  4. pyloric sphincter
  5. tricuspid valve
C
15. When removing the spleen, a surgeon must be careful not to cut one of its branches, the:
  1. superior mesenteric
  2. left gastric
  3. left gastroepiploic
  4. superior pancreaticoduodenal
  5. left renal
C
16. Which of the following arteries is used to characterize an inguinal hernia as direct or indirect?
  1. obturator
  2. deep external pudendal
  3. femoral
  4. superficial circumflex iliac
  5. inferior epigastric
E
17. When performing surgery in the ischiorectal fossa, the internal pudendal vessels and pudendal nerve should be avoided by staying away from the:
  1. base of the fossa
  2. medial wall of the fossa
  3. lateral wall of the fossa
  4. anterior wall of the fossa
  5. posterior wall of the fossa
C
18. Infected glands of the anus (near the pectinate line) may erode the wall of the anal canal and rupture laterally into the:
  1. ischiorectal fossa
  2. deep perineal pouch (or space)
  3. rectovesical fossa
  4. superficial perineal pouch (or space)
  5. retropubic space
A
19. Which nerve is identified by its position on the anterior surface of the psoas major muscle?
  1. femoral
  2. ilioinguinal
  3. genitofemoral
  4. obturator
  5. lateral femoral cutaneous
C
20. The external spermatic fascia is derived from the:
  1. tunica vaginalis
  2. transversus abdominis aponeurosis
  3. external oblique aponeurosis
  4. extraperitoneal fascia
  5. internal oblique aponeurosis
C
21. The perineum is bounded by all of the following EXCEPT the:
  1. ischiopubic ramus
  2. pubic symphysis
  3. apex of the coccyx
  4. urogenital diaphragm
  5. sacrotuberous ligament
D
22. The portion of the male urethra that passes through the urogenital diaphragm is called the:
  1. penile urethra
  2. spongy urethra
  3. membranous urethra
  4. prostatic urethra
  5. external urethral sphincter
C
23. The scrotum has as its counterpart in the female the:
  1. bulb of the vestibule
  2. crura of the clitoris
  3. labia majora
  4. labia minora
  5. clitoris
C
24. When a surgeon removes the uterus and cuts the uterine artery, he must be careful not to cut the:
  1. ovarian artery
  2. ureter
  3. urethra
  4. internal pudendal artery
  5. vagina
B
25. The portion of the broad ligament of the uterus that attaches to the uterine tube is known as the:
  1. round ligament
  2. mesovarium
  3. mesometrium
  4. mesosalpinx
  5. parametrium
D
In the adjacent diagram of a sagittal section through the female pelvis, select a letter that answers the question or statement:

26. A space or recess used to reach the urinary bladder without entering the peritoneal cavity:

A

27. A space or recess easily entered from the posterior fornix of the vagina
C
28. Anastomosis of the left gastroepiploic artery with the right gastroepiploic artery occurs here:
C

29. This part of the diagram is supplied by short gastric branches of the splenic artery.

A
Match the numbered statement with the lettered muscle.
30. independent contraction of this muscle results in trunk flexion A
31. independent contraction of this muscle aids in rotation of the trunk C
32. throughout most of its extent, the aponeurosis of this muscle contributes only to the posterior layer of the rectus sheath D
33. contraction of this muscle stabilizes the 12th rib E
34. this muscle is innervated by the femoral nerve B
  1. rectus abdominis
  2. iliacus
  3. internal oblique
  4. transverse abdominis
  5. quadratus lumborum
35. Which of the following structures is retroperitoneal?
  1. transverse colon
  2. spleen
  3. ileum
  4. descending colon
  5. jejunum
D
36. The cysterna chyli is:
  1. an enlargement of the end of the thoracic duct
  2. an enlarged lymph node
  3. a ganglion with a cavity in it
  4. a cavity formed by the convergence of the pancreatic and bile ducts
  5. the cavity of the urinary bladder
A
37. The tunica vaginalis:
  1. covers the round ligament
  2. is formed from peritoneum
  3. lies posterior to the testis
  4. is normally continuous with the peritoneal cavity in the adult
B
In questions 38 - 42 match the numbered statement with the lettered muscle.
38. independent contraction of this muscle results in trunk flexion A

39. independent contraction of this muscle aids in rotation of the trunk C

40. throughout most of its extent, the aponeurosis of this muscle contributes only to the posterior layer of the rectus sheath D

41. contraction of this muscle stabilizes the 12th rib E

42. this muscle is innervated by the femoral nerve B
  1. rectus abdominis
  2. iliacus
  3. internal oblique
  4. transverse abdominis
  5. quadratus lumborum




Practice Examinations

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Head and Neck Practice Practical

Head and Neck Practice practical for Netscape users

Thorax Practice Written Exam

Abdomen Practice Written Exam

Pelvis and Perineum Written Exam

Lower Limb Practice Written Exam

General Anatomy Information

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cadaver dissection This is copyrighted©1999 by Wesley Norman, PhD