Bones of the Back

  1. occipital bone
    • external occipital protuberance
    • superior nuchal lines
  2. cervical vertebrae (7)
  3. thoracic vertebrae (12 pairs)
  4. lumbar vertebrae (5)
  5. fused sacral vertebrae (5)
  6. iliac crest
  7. scapula
  8. ribs
bones of the back

Vertebral Column and 3 Typical Vertebrae and Their Parts

Three curvatures of the vertebral column:
  • cervical (convex anteriorly)
  • thoracic (concave anteriorly)
  • lumbar (convex anteriorly)
  • sacral (concave anteriorly)
Parts of a typical vertebra
  • spine (1)
  • lamina (2)
  • transverse process (3)
  • pedicle (4)
  • vertebral notch (5)
  • body (6)
  • vertebral foramen (*)
part of the vertebrae

Joints of the Upper Limb Intrinsic Muscles of the Back


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Table of Contents for Upper Limb & Back

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