Summary List of Thoracic Structures

Bones

    Thoracic vertebrae
  • body
    • demifacet for head of rib
  • pedicle
  • transverse process
    • facet for tubercle of rib
  • Lamina
  • spinous process
  • vertebral foramen
  • intervertebral foramen
  • vertebral canal
    Rib
  • head
  • neck
  • tubercle
  • angle
  • body
  • costal groove
    Sternum
  • manubrium
  • jugular notch
  • sternal angle
  • body
  • xiphoid process

Muscles

  • external intercostal
  • internal intercostal
  • innermost intercostal
  • transversus thoracis

Arteries

  • Ascending aorta
    • left coronary
      • anterior interventricular (or ant. descending)
      • circumflex coronary
    • right coronary
      • nodal branch (or vena caval branch)
      • posterior interventricular (or post. descending)
  • aortic arch
    • brachiocephalic trunk
      • right common carotid
      • right subclavian
        • internal thoracic
          • superior epigastric
          • costocervical
          • left common carotid
          • left subclavian
            • internal thoracic
              • superior epigastric
              • musculophrenic
            • costocervical
          • descending aorta
            • segmental posterior intercostal arteries

          Veins

          • posterior intercostal
          • left superior intercostal
          • hemiazygos
          • azygos
          • arch of the azygos
          • left and right brachiocephalic
          • superior vena cava
          • inferior vena cava
          • coronary sinus
            • great cardiac vein
            • small cardiac vein
            • middle cardiac vein

        Nerves

        • intercostal
        • sympathetic trunk (or chain)
          • sympathetic ganglion
          • greater splanchnic
          • communicating rami
            • white
            • gray
        • phrenic
        • left vagus
          • left recurrent laryngeal
          • anterior vagal trunk (or ant. gastric)
        • right vagus
          • posterior vagal trunk
        • esophageal plexus
        • cardiac plexus

        Pleura

        • parietal
          • costal
          • diaphragmatic
          • mediastinal
          • cervical (or cupular)
        • visceral
        • costodiaphgragmatic recess
        • costomediastinal recess

Lungs

  • root
    • main (primary) bronchus (right & left)
    • pulmonary arteries
    • pulmonary veins
    • hilar lymph nodes (or pulmonary)
    • bronchial arteries & veins
  • left lung
    • upper lobe
    • upper lobe bronchus (secondary)
    • oblique fissure
    • lower lobe
    • lower lobe bronchus (secondary)
    • tertiary bronchi
  • right lung
    • upper lobe
      • upper lobe bronchus (secondary)
    • horizontal fissure
    • middle lobe
      • middle lobe bronchus
    • oblique fissure
    • lower lobe
      • lower lobe bronchus
    • tertiary bronchi

Heart

  • right border
  • left border
  • apex
  • lower border
  • coronary sulcus (atrioventricular sulcus)
  • interventricular grooves
    • anterior
    • posterior
  • right atrium
    • superior vena cava
    • inferior vena cava opening
    • fossa ovalis
    • crista terminalis
    • opening for coronary sinus
    • right auricle
      • pectinate muscles
  • right ventricle
    • tricuspid valve
    • anterior papillary muscle
    • septomarginal (moderator) band
    • chorda tendineae
    • trabeculae carneae
    • interventricular septum
    • pulmonary artery opening
    • pulmonary tricuspid valve
      • semilunar cusps
  • left atrium
    • pulmonary veins
    • left auricle
      • pectinate muscles
  • left ventricle
    • mitral (bicuspid) valve
    • papillary muscles
    • trabeculae carneae
    • aortic valve
      • semilunar cusps
        • nodule
        • opening of left and right coronary arteries

Other Viscera

  • thoracic duct
  • thymus gland
  • esophagus
  • trachea
    • tracheal bifurcation
      • carina
      • primary bronchi

Miscellaneous

  • ligamentum arteriosum
  • tracheobronchial lymph nodes
  • paratracheal lymph nodes
  • hilar lymph nodes

Radiographs

  • clavicle
  • aortic arch (or "aortic knob")
  • scapula
  • pulmonary artery
  • medial border of scapula
  • left ventricle
  • 1st rib
  • apex of heart
  • right atrium
  • diaphragm
  • inferior vena cava


Superior Mediastinum   Table of Contents for Thorax


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