Wolf Rudolf Freiherr Marschall von Altengottern
(26.09.1855 - 20.11.1930)
place of birth: Lyck, Ostpreußen
SM, KG, Generalleutnant (Kav)
German baron and cavalry officer Wolf Marschall
functioned during the Great War as one of Kaiser Wilhelm II's adjutant
generals. He additionally commanded Austrian troops in the Carpathian
Mountains, as well as the Guards Reserve Corps on the Western Front.
Freiherr Marschall was also a member of Prussian House of Lords from 1908 to 1918.
At mobilization in August 1914, Generalleutnant z.D. Freiherr von Marschall was
initially detached to the Kaiser's Great Headquarters in his function as
la suite. At Christmas that same year, he was sent to
the Eastern theater to replace General Litzmann as commander of 3rd
Guard Division. His troops fought alongside their Austrian counterparts
in the Carpathians, and in 1915 were resubordinated as part of Germany's
Sudarmee. In February 1915, the General was selected to command
the newly-established Korps Marschall, formed from various Austrian
infantry divisions and fighting in the Bukovina region in support
of Armeegruppe Pflanzer-Baltin. Following a few months of
positional skirmishing along the River Dniestr, Korps
Marschall moved across the River Pruth where they were
engaged along the Gnila-Lipa. His corps reformed in July 1915 and
successfully broke through the Zlota-Lipa line to pursue their
Russian enemy to the Tarnapol area.
On his birthday in January 1916, Kaiser Wilhelm II selected
General Marschall as one of his adjutant generals. In April, he was
transferred to the Western Front to replace General von Gallwitz as
commander of the Guards Reserve Corps. Over the next few months, his
soldiers were engaged in the Artois region in support of Sixth
Army, and during the Battle of the Somme in support of Second
Army and later the First Army. His outstanding leadership during
this time frame earned General Freiherr Marschall the coveted Pour le
Merite honor. In the Spring months of 1917, the Guards reservists
joined with Sixth Army forces in heavy fighting versus English troops in
the Arras region. That summer, the reservists additionally
supported Germany's Fourth Army in defensive actions in Flanders.
In April 1918, Marschall's Garde-Reserve-Korps aggressively
pushed forward as part of Imperial Germany's Great Spring Offensive.
General Marschall and his men successfully defeated the British during
the Battle of Armentières along France's northern border with
Belgium. General Freiherr Marschall was again recognized for his
military achievements during this time by adding the Oakleaves to his
PLM. Towards the end of the War, Marschall was charged with leading
troops subordinate to Fourth Army as they fought an orderly retreat out
of Flanders and along to Antwerp-Meuse line. After the Armistice was
signed, General Freiherr Marschall was tasked with leading Fourth Army
forces back to the German homeland for demobilization. He soon
thereafter retired from the German Armed Forces, having served with
distinction for over 43 years.