GLOBAL 

STUDIES

 

GPS UNIT 10

Prime minister: Kevin Michael RUDD

Essential Questions/Enduring Understandings

CONFLICT and CHANGE: The student will understand that when there is conflict between or within societies, change is the result.

  What are the reasons for British colonization of Australia?

        How are the indigenous people affected by colonization?  

 CULTURE: The student will understand that the culture of a society is the product of the religion, beliefs, customs, traditions, and government of that society.

    What is the impact of English colonization on the language and religion of  Australia?

  What is the relationship between literacy rate and standard of living? 

PRODUCTION, CONSUMPTION, and DISTRIBUTION: The student will understand that the production, distribution, and consumption of goods/services produced by the society are affected by the location, customs, beliefs, and laws of the society.

   How do the three types of economic systems (traditional, command, and market economies) answer the questions of what, how, and for whom to produce?

   How do most countries strike a balance between having a pure market and pure command economy?

    What is the economic system used in Australia?

  How does specialization enhance Australia’s ability to trade with other countries?

    How do trade barriers (tariffs, quotas, and embargoes) hinder voluntary trade from occurring between countries?

    Why is it necessary to exchange currencies for nations to trade?

   What is the relationship between human capital, capital investment, and gross domestic product (GDP)?

   How does the unequal distribution of resources affect Australia?

  How do you become an entrepreneur? 

 

 

 

 

Essential Questions/Enduring Understandings

(continued)

GOVERNANCE: The student will understand that as a society increases in complexity and interacts with other societies, the complexity of the government also increases.

  How is power distributed in different forms of government (unitary, confederation, and federal)?

     How do citizens participate in different forms of government (autocratic, oligarchic, and democratic)?

      What are the important democratic features of parliamentary and presidential forms of government?

      What role does the citizen have as a participant in Australia ’s government?

 

MOVEMENT / MIGRATION: The student will understand that the movement or migration of people and ideas affects all societies involved.

   How did Aborigines migrate to Australia?

  What impact did the migration of the Aborigines have on the development of society and culture in Australia?

 Why did the British colonize Australia, and what was the impact of British colonization on Australia ’s indigenous peoples?

LOCATION: The student will understand that location affects a society’s economy, culture, and development.

   How does the factors of location, climate, access to water, and natural resources affect where Australians choose to live and work?

   How do the factors of location, climate, access to water, and natural resources affect trade? 

TIME, CHANGE, and CONTINUITY: The student will understand that while change occurs over time, there is continuity to the basic structure of that society.

  How are the origins of the Aborigine people explained?

  How have the traditions and beliefs of the Aborigine people shaped their  cultures over time?

 Critical Skills & Knowledge

   What are the major physical features of Australia, and where are they located on a map (Great Barrier Reef, Coral Sea, Ayers Rock, and Great Victoria Desert)?

   What is the structure of the Australian government?

     

 

 

 

 

 

PERFORMANCE STANDARDS

SS6G12 The student will be able to locate selected features of Australia.

a. Locate on a world and regional political-physical map: the Great Barrier Reef, Coral Sea, Ayers Rock, and Great Victoria Desert

 SS6G13 The student will explain the impact of location, climate, distribution of natural resources, and population distribution on Australia.

a. Describe how Australia ’s location, climate, and natural resources have affected where people live.

b. Describe how Australia ’s location, climate, and natural resources impact trade.

 SS6G14 The student will describe the cultural characteristics of people who live in Australia.

a. Explain the impact of English colonization on the language and religion of Australia .

b. Evaluate how the literacy rate affects the standard of living.

 SS6CG6 The student will compare and contrast various forms of government.

a. Describe the ways government systems distribute power: unitary, confederation, and federal.

b. Explain how governments determine citizen participation: autocratic, oligarchic, and democratic.

c. Describe the two predominate forms of democratic governments: parliamentary and presidential.

 SS6CG7 The student will explain the structure of the national government of Australia.

a. Describe the federal parliamentary democracy of Australia , distinguishing form of leadership, type of legislature, and the role of the citizen in terms of voting and personal freedoms.

 SS6E8 The student will analyze different economic systems.

a. Compare how traditional, command, and market, economies answer the economic questions of 1 -what to produce, 2-how to produce, and 3-for whom to produce.

b. Explain how most countries have a mixed economy located on a continuum between pure and market and pure command.

c. Describe the economic system used in Australia .

 SS6E9 The student will give examples of how voluntary trade benefits buyers and sellers in Australia.

a. Explain how specialization makes trade possible between countries.

b. Compare and contrast different types of trade barriers, such as tariffs, quotas and embargos.

c. Explain why international trade requires a system for exchanging currency between nations.

 SS6E10 The student will describe factors that influence economic growth and examine their presence or absence in Australia .

a. Explain the relationship between investment in human capital (education and training) and gross domestic product (GDP).

b. Explain the relationship between investment in capital goods (factories, machinery, and technology) and gross domestic product (GDP).

c. Describe the role of natural resources in a country’s economy.

d. Describe the role of entrepreneurship.

 SS6H8 The student will describe the culture and development of Australia prior to contact with Europeans.

a. Describe the origins and culture of the Aborigines.

 SS6H9 The student will explain the impact European exploration and colonization had on Australia.

a. Explain the reasons for British colonization of Australia; include the use of prisoners as colonists.

b. Explain the impact of European colonization of Australia in terms of diseases and weapons on the indigenous peoples of Australia.

 

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